Rules Concerning the State Bar of Michigan

Rule 1 State Bar of Michigan
The State Bar of Michigan is the association of the members of the bar of this state, 
organized and existing as a public body corporate pursuant to powers of the 
Supreme Court over the bar of the state. The State Bar of Michigan shall, under 
these rules, aid in promoting improvements in the administration of justice and 
advancements in jurisprudence, in improving relations between the legal profession 
and the public, and in promoting the interests of the legal profession in this state.

Rule 2 Membership
Those persons who are licensed to practice law in this state shall constitute the 
membership of the State Bar of Michigan, subject to the provisions of these rules. 
Law students may become law student section members of the State Bar. None 
other than a member's correct name shall be entered upon the official register of 
attorneys of this state. Each member, upon admission to the State Bar and in the 
annual dues statement, must provide the State Bar with the member's correct 
name and address, and such additional information as may be required. If the 
address provided is a mailing address only, the member also must provide a street 
or building address for the member's business or residence. No member shall 
practice law in this state until such information has been provided. Members shall 
notify the State Bar promptly in writing of any change of name or address. The 
State Bar shall be entitled to due notice of, and to intervene and be heard in, any 
proceeding by a member to alter or change the member's name. The name and 
address on file with the State Bar at the time shall control in any matter arising 
under these rules involving the sufficiency of notice to a member or the propriety of 
the name used by the member in the practice of law or in a judicial election or in an 
election for any other public office. Every active member shall annually provide a 
certification as to whether the member or the member's law firm has a policy to 
maintain interest-bearing trust accounts for deposit of client and third-party funds. 
The certification shall be placed on the face of the annual dues notice and shall 
require the member's signature or electronic signature.
By order dated May 10, 2005, this Court adopted the amendments of Rules 2, 5, 
and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of Michigan with immediate effect. 472 
Mich cxii-cxv (2005). Notice and an opportunity for comment at the September 29, 
2005, public hearing having been provided, and consideration having been given, 
the amendments of Rules 2, 5, and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of 
Michigan are retained. 

Rule 3 Membership Classes
(A) Active.
A person engaged in the practice of law in Michigan must be an active member of 
the State Bar. In addition to its traditional meaning, the term "person engaged in 
the practice of law" in this rule includes a person licensed to practice law in 
Michigan or another jurisdiction and employed in Michigan in the administration of
justice or in a position which requires that the person be a law school graduate, but 
does not include (1) a judicial law clerk who is a member or is seeking to become a 
member of the bar of another jurisdiction and who does not intend to practice in 
Michigan after the clerkship ends, or (2) an instructor in law. Only an active 
member may vote in a State Bar election or hold a State Bar office. A person not an 
active member who engages in the practice of law is subject to discipline or 
prosecution for unauthorized practice.
(B) Inactive. An active member may request an inactive classification.
(1) If the period of inactivity is less than 3 years, the member may be 
reclassified as active by
(a) applying to the State Bar secretary;
(b) paying the full amount of the annual dues for the current fiscal year; 
and
(c) demonstrating that no disciplinary action has been taken or is currently 
pending in another jurisdiction.
(2) If the period of inactivity is 3 years or more, the member must, in addition 
to fulfilling the requirements of subrule (B)(1)(a)-(c), obtain a certificate from 
the Board of Law Examiners that the member possesses sufficient ability and 
learning in the law to enable the member to properly practice as an attorney 
and counselor in Michigan.
If the inactive member has been or is currently subject to disciplinary action in 
another jurisdiction, the application must be referred to the Attorney Discipline 
Board and action on the application delayed until the board makes a decision. 
(C) Law Student.
A student in good standing at a law school approved by the Board of Law Examiners 
or the American Bar Association may be a member of the law student section.
(D) Affiliate.
A legal assistant as defined in the State Bar bylaws may become an affiliate 
member of the State Bar of Michigan and shall thereupon be a member of the legal 
assistants section. A legal administrator as defined in the State Bar bylaws may 
become an affiliate member of the State Bar of Michigan and shall thereupon be a 
member of the legal administrators section.
(E) Resignation. An active or inactive member who is not subject to pending 
disciplinary action in this state or any other jurisdiction may resign from 
membership by notifying the secretary of the State Bar in writing. The secretary 
shall notify the member when the request is accepted, whereupon the member no 
longer will be qualified to practice law in Michigan and no longer will be eligible to 
receive any other member benefits. The secretary of the State Bar also shall notify 
the clerk of the Supreme Court of the resignation. To be readmitted as a member of 
the State Bar, a person who has voluntarily resigned and who is not otherwise 
eligible for admission without examination under Rule 5 of the Rules for the Board 
of Law Examiners must reapply for admission, satisfy the Board of Law Examiners 
that the person possesses the requisite character and fitness to practice law, obtain 
a passing score on the Michigan Bar Examination, and pay applicable fees and dues. 
Resignation does not deprive the Attorney Grievance Commission or the Attorney 
Discipline Board of jurisdiction over the resignee with respect to misconduct that 
occurred before the effective date of resignation.
(F) Emeritus Membership. Effective October 1, 2004, an active or inactive member 
who is 70 years of age or older or has been a member of the State Bar for at least 
30 years, and who is not subject to pending disciplinary action in this state or any 
other jurisdiction, may elect emeritus status by notifying the secretary of the State 
Bar in writing. The secretary shall notify the member when the request is accepted, 
whereupon the member no longer will be qualified to practice law in Michigan, but 
will be eligible to receive other member benefits as directed by the Board of 
Commissioners of the State Bar. The secretary of the State Bar also shall notify the 
clerk of the Supreme Court when a member is given emeritus status. Members who 
were age 70 or older as of October 1, 2003, who resigned or were suspended from 
membership after October 1, 2003, but before September 30, 2004, for 
nonpayment of dues are to be automatically reinstated as emeritus members, 
effective October 1, 2004, unless they notify the secretary of the State Bar that 
they do not wish to be reinstated.
(1) Grievances and Discipline. Emeritus status does not deprive the Attorney 
Grievance Commission or the Attorney Discipline Board of jurisdiction over the 
emeritus member. 
(2) Readmission. To be readmitted as an active member of the State Bar, a 
member who has voluntarily elected emeritus status and who is not otherwise 
eligible for admission without examination under Rule 5 of the Rules for the 
Board of Law Examiners must reapply for admission, satisfy the Board of Law 
Examiners that the person possesses the requisite character and fitness to 
practice law, obtain a passing score on the Michigan Bar Examination, and pay 
applicable fees and dues. 

Rule 4 Membership Dues
(A) An active member's dues for each fiscal year (October 1 through September 30) 
are payable at the State Bar's principal office by October 1 of each year. The dues 
consist of three separate amounts to be set by the Supreme Court to fund: (1) the 
Attorney Grievance Commission and the Attorney Discipline Board, (2) the client 
security fund administered by the State Bar, and (3) other State Bar expenses. 
Each amount shall be listed separately in the dues notice. An inactive member shall 
be assessed one-half the amounts assessed an active member for the client 
security fund and general expenses, but the full amount designated for the 
discipline agencies.
(B) A member who is admitted to the State Bar between April 1 and September 30 
shall be assessed one-half the full amount of dues for that fiscal year.
(C) Dues notices must be sent to all members before September 20. A $50 late 
charge will be added to a dues payment postmarked after November 30. The State 
Bar must send a written notice of delinquency to the last recorded address provided 
as required by Rule 2 to a member who fails to pay dues by November 30. Active
members must be notified by registered or certified mail. Inactive members must 
be notified by first class mail. If the dues and the late charge are not paid within 30 
days after the notice is sent, the individual is suspended from membership in the 
State Bar. If an individual is not subject to a disciplinary order and the suspension 
is for less than 3 years, the member will be reinstated on the payment of dues, a 
$100 reinstatement fee, and late charges owing from the date of the suspension to 
the date of the reinstatement. If the suspension is for 3 years or more, the 
individual must also apply for recertification under Rule 8 for the Board of Law 
Examiners.
(D) A person who has been a member of the State Bar for at least 50 years shall 
not be assessed general expenses, but shall pay the full amount assessed other 
members for the client security fund and the discipline agencies. A member who 
elects emeritus status pursuant to Rule 3(F) is exempt from paying dues.
(E) An active or inactive member in good standing serving in the United States 
Armed Forces in full-time active-duty status, as defined by the United States 
Department of Defense, is eligible for a waiver of payment of dues, including the 
attorney discipline system fee and the client security fund assessment.  An 
application for a waiver of dues that includes a copy of military orders showing 
federal active-duty status must be made for each year for which a dues waiver is 
requested, and a waiver will be granted up to a total of four times.  A member for 
whom a waiver of dues is granted continues to be subject to the disciplinary 
system.
(F) Annual dues for affiliate members and law student section members are 
established annually by the Board of Commissioners in an amount not to exceed 
one-third of the portion of dues for active members which fund State Bar activities 
other than the attorney discipline system and are payable at the State Bar's 
principal office by October 1 of each year.
(G) All dues are paid into the State Bar treasury and maintained in segregated 
accounts to pay State Bar expenses authorized by the Board of Commissioners and 
the expenses of the attorney discipline system within the budget approved by the 
Supreme Court, respectively.

Rule 5 Board of Commissioners
Section 1. Powers, Functions, and Duties.
(a) The Board of Commissioners shall
(1) implement policy adopted by the assembly; 
(2) establish policy for the State Bar between assembly meetings not 
inconsistent with prior action of the assembly;
(3) manage the State Bar, adopt a budget for it, and supervise receipt and 
disbursements of State Bar funds;
(4) prescribe the function and duties of committees;
(5) provide for the organization of sections (including a law student section) of 
the State Bar, membership in which is voluntary, and determine the amount 
and regulate the collection and disbursement of section dues;
(6) receive and review committee and section reports and recommendations 
proposing action by the board and take interim or final action that the board 
finds feasible, in the public interest, and germane to the functions and purposes 
of the State Bar; and
(7) arrange for the publication of a journal to be issued at least 4 times a year 
and sent to the active members without charge. 
(b) The Board of Commissioners may
(1) adopt bylaws; 
(2) appoint standing and special committees, including 
(A) character and fitness, 
(B) civil procedure, 
(C) court administration, 
(D) criminal jurisprudence,
(E) fiscal, 
(F) grievance,
(G) judicial qualifications,
(H) legal education,
(I) legislation, 
(J) professional and judicial ethics, 
(K) scope and correlation, and
(L) unauthorized practice of law;
(3) at the request of the governor, the legislature, or the supreme court, or on 
its own initiative, conduct an investigation of any matter relating to the state's 
courts or tribunals, to the practice and procedure in them, or to the 
administration of justice, and report to the officer or body making the request; 
(4) acquire and hold real and personal estate by lease, purchase, gift, devise, 
or bequest, and sell, convey, mortgage, pledge, or release property;
(5) borrow money and pledge for repayment in annual installments, in 
anticipation of future revenues from annual membership dues, and issue notes, 
but the total indebtedness outstanding may not at any time exceed 40 percent 
and the principal installment due in one year may not exceed 8 percent of the 
revenues from required annual membership dues for the 5 preceding fiscal 
years;
(6) accept and hold real and personal estate in trust for any use or purpose 
germane to the general functions and purposes of the State Bar;
(7) bring an action or proceeding at law or in equity in a state or federal court 
or tribunal and intervene and be heard on an issue involving the membership or 
affairs of the State Bar in an action or proceeding pending in a state or federal 
court or tribunal.
(c) The board may assign these powers, functions, and duties to another State Bar 
agency but the board may reverse or modify the exercise of a power, function, or 
duty by a delegated agency.
Section 2. Membership; Terms. The board consists of: 
(1) 20 elected members, each serving a 3-year term commencing upon the 
adjournment of the meeting of the outgoing Board of Commissioners held at 
the annual meeting following the member's election.
(2) 5 members appointed by the Supreme Court, each serving a 3-year term 
commencing upon the adjournment of the meeting of the outgoing Board of 
Commissioners held at the annual meeting following the member's 
appointment. In the event that a commissioner appointed by the Supreme 
Court is not appointed before the adjournment of the annual meeting at which 
time he or she would ordinarily take office, that member shall begin to serve 
immediately upon appointment. Except where appointment is made under 
Section 5, such appointed commissioner shall be considered to have been in 
office at the beginning of the term for which the appointment is made.
(3) The chairperson-elect, the chairperson and the immediate past chairperson 
of the State Bar young lawyers section, each serving for the years during which 
they hold those positions.
(4) The chairperson, vice-chairperson, and clerk of the assembly, each serving 
for the years during which they hold those positions. 
Section 3. Election Districts; Apportionment. The board shall establish 
commissioner election districts consisting of contiguous judicial circuits and 
containing, as nearly as practicable, an equal lawyer population. The largest 
geographic area may have the highest deviation from population equality.
The board shall review and revise election districts every 6 years. If, as the result of 
a revision in election districts, no elected commissioner maintains his or her 
principal office in a district or a district has fewer elected commissioners than it is 
entitled to, the board may designate an elected commissioner or commissioner at 
large for the district until the next annual election when the vacancy will be filled. 
To provide for an orderly transition and to preserve the requirement that 
approximately one-third of the elected board members are elected each year, the 
board may extend the term of an elected commissioner for a period not exceeding 
one year and the authorized membership of the board will be enlarged for the 
period affected. 
An elected commissioner whose district is merged with another district as the result 
of a revision of commissioner election districts may nevertheless serve the full term 
for which the commissioner was elected and the authorized membership of the 
board will be temporarily enlarged for that purpose.
Section 4. Nomination and Election of Commissioners. A commissioner is elected by 
the active members having their principal offices in the election district. To be 
nominated, a member must have his or her principal office in the election district 
and file a petition signed by at least 5 persons entitled to vote for the nominee with 
the secretary at the principal office of the State Bar between April 1 and April 30. 
Voting eligibility is determined annually on May 1. Before June 2, the secretary shall 
mail or electronically deliver a ballot to everyone entitled to vote. A ballot will not 
be counted unless marked and returned to the secretary at the principal office of 
the State Bar in a sealed envelope bearing a postmark date not later than June 15, 
or returned electronically or telephonically in conformity with State Bar election 
procedure not later than June 15. A board of 3 tellers appointed by the president 
shall canvass the ballots, and the secretary shall certify the count to the supreme 
court clerk. A member of or a candidate for the board may not be a teller. The 
candidate receiving the highest number of votes will be declared elected. In the 
case of a tie vote, the tellers shall determine the successful candidate by lot. In an 
election in which terms of differing length are to be filled, the successful candidate 
with the lowest vote shall serve the shortest term to be filled. 
Section 5. Vacancy. The board shall fill a vacancy among the elected commissioners 
and the Supreme Court shall fill a vacancy among the appointed commissioners, to 
serve the remainder of an unexpired term. If an elected commissioner moves his or 
her principal office out of his or her election district, the board shall declare that a 
vacancy exists. If an elected or appointed commissioner does not attend two 
consecutive meetings of the board without being excused by the president because 
of a personal or professional emergency, the president shall declare that a vacancy 
exists. 
Section 6. Meetings. The board shall meet during the annual meeting of the State 
Bar and before the convening of the assembly and shall hold not less than 4 
meetings each year. The interval between board meetings may not be greater than 
3 months. A special meeting may be held at the president's call and must be held 
at the secretary's call at the request of three or more board members. At a 
meeting, a majority of the board constitutes a quorum.
Section 7. Voting. Each member of the board may cast only one vote. Voting by 
proxy is not permitted.
By order dated May 10, 2005, this Court adopted the amendments of Rules 2, 5, 
and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of Michigan with immediate effect. 472 
Mich cxii-cxv (2005). Notice and an opportunity for comment at the September 29, 
2005, public hearing having been provided, and consideration having been given, 
the amendments of Rules 2, 5, and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of 
Michigan are retained.

Rule 6 Representative Assembly
Section 1. Powers, Functions and Duties.The Representative Assembly is the final 
policy-making body of the State Bar. No petition may be made for an increase in 
State Bar dues except as authorized by the Representative Assembly.
Section 2. Membership.The assembly consists of: 
(1) 142 elected representatives.
(2) 8 commissioner representatives who are the members of the executive 
committee of the Board of Commissioners. No other member of the board may 
serve in the assembly.
Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, all representatives previously 
appointed by the Supreme Court shall serve until the end of their terms. The 
provisions of Section 6 with regard to the declaration of a vacancy shall also apply, 
where applicable, to the remaining appointed representatives. Vacancies in 
appointed positions shall not be filled. In order to achieve the increase in the 
number of elected representatives from 130 to 142, the assembly shall allocate 
additional seats each year as necessary to replace former appointed representatives 
whose terms expire or whose seats have become vacant.
Section 3. Election Districts; Apportionment.The assembly shall apportion the 
representatives every 6 years. The judicial circuits are the election districts. Each 
judicial circuit is entitled to one representative. The remaining seats are to be 
apportioned among the circuits on the basis of lawyer population, determined on 
February 1 of the reapportionment year. If as a result of the reapportionment any 
circuit becomes entitled to fewer representatives than are currently elected 
therefrom, the assembly representatives from that circuit may nevertheless serve 
the full terms for which they were elected and the authorized membership of the 
assembly will be temporarily enlarged for that purpose.
Section 4. Nomination and Election of Representatives. A representative is elected 
by the active members having their principal offices in a judicial circuit. To be 
nominated, a member must have his or her principal office in the judicial circuit and 
file a petition signed by at least 5 persons entitled to vote for the nominee with the 
secretary at the principal office of the State Bar between April 1 and April 30. 
Voting eligibility is determined annually on May 1. Before June 2, the secretary shall 
mail or electronically deliver a ballot to everyone entitled to vote. When an 
assembly member seeks reelection, the election notification must disclose his or her 
incumbency and the number of meetings of the assembly that the incumbent has 
attended in the following form: "has attended ____ of ____ meetings during the 
period of [his or her] incumbency." A ballot may not be counted unless marked and 
returned to the secretary at the principal office of the State Bar in a sealed 
envelope bearing a postmark date not later than June 15, or returned electronically 
or telephonically in conformity with State Bar election procedure not later than June 
15. A board of tellers appointed by the president shall canvass the ballots and the 
secretary shall certify the count to the supreme court clerk. A member of or 
candidate for the assembly may not be a teller. The candidate receiving the highest 
number of votes will be declared elected. In the case of a tie vote, the tellers shall 
determine the successful candidate by lot. An election will occur in each judicial 
circuit every 3 years, except that in a judicial circuit entitled to 3 or more 
representatives, one-third will be elected each year. If a short-term representative 
is to be elected at the same election as a full-term one, the member with the higher 
vote total is elected to the longer term. 
Section 5. Terms. An elected representative shall serve a three-year term beginning 
with the adjournment of the annual meeting following the representative's election
and until his or her successor is elected. A representative may not continue to serve 
after completing two successive three-year terms unless service is extended under 
the provisions of Rule 7, Section 2.2
Section 6. Vacancy. If an elected representative ceases to be a member of the 
State Bar of Michigan, dies during his or her term of office, moves his or her 
principal office out of the judicial circuit he or she represents, or submits a written 
resignation acceptable to the chairperson, the chairperson shall declare that a 
vacancy exists. If an elected representative does not attend two consecutive 
meetings of the assembly without being excused by the chairperson because of a 
personal or professional emergency, or does not attend three consecutive meetings 
of the assembly for any reason or reasons, the chairperson shall declare that a 
vacancy exists.
When a vacancy exists, the remaining representatives from the affected judicial 
circuit or, if there are none, the State Bar-recognized local bar associations in the 
affected judicial circuit, shall nominate a successor prior to the next meeting of the 
assembly. The assembly may appoint such nominee or, in the event of failure to 
receive such nomination, any lawyer from the affected judicial circuit, to fill the 
vacancy, effective immediately upon such appointment and continuing until the 
position is filled by the election process.
In the event that at the time a vacancy arises under this rule more than eighteen 
months remain in the term of an elected representative, there will be an election 
for the unexpired term at the next annual election of representatives. If there are 
less than eighteen months remaining in the term of an elected representative when 
a vacancy arises, no interim election will be held. The interim appointment ends 
when the secretary certifies the election count, and the person elected shall take 
his or her seat immediately.
Section 7. Meetings. The assembly shall meet: 
(1) during the annual meeting of the State Bar;
(2) annually in March or April; and
(3) at any other time and place it determines.
A special meeting may be called by the Board of Commissioners, or by the 
chairperson and clerk, who shall determine the time and place of such meeting. A 
special meeting must be called by the chairperson on the written request of a 
quorum of the Representative Assembly. Fifty members constitute a quorum. The 
chairperson of the assembly presides at all of its meetings. The assembly may 
adopt rules and procedures for the transaction of its business not inconsistent with 
these rules or the bylaws of the State Bar. A section chairperson is entitled to floor 
privileges without a vote when the assembly considers a matter falling within the 
section's jurisdiction.
Section 8. Voting. Each member of the assembly may cast only one vote. Voting by 
proxy is not permitted.
By order dated May 10, 2005, this Court adopted the amendments of Rules 2, 5, 
and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of Michigan with immediate effect. 472
Mich cxii-cxv (2005). Notice and an opportunity for comment at the September 29, 
2005, public hearing having been provided, and consideration having been given, 
the amendments of Rules 2, 5, and 6 of the Rules Concerning the State Bar of 
Michigan are retained.

Rule 7 Officers
Section 1. President, President-elect, Vice-president, Secretary, and Treasurer.The 
officers of the Board of Commissioners of the State Bar of Michigan are the 
president, the president-elect, the vice-president, the secretary, and the treasurer. 
The officers serve for the year beginning with the adjournment of the annual 
meeting following their election and ending with the adjournment of the next 
annual meeting. A person may serve as president only once.
After the election of board members but before the annual meeting each year, the 
Board of Commissioners shall elect from among its members, by majority vote of 
those present and voting, if a quorum is present:
(1) a vice-president who, after serving a one-year term, automatically succeeds 
to the office of president-elect for a one-year term, and then to the office of 
president, for a one-year term;
(2) a secretary; and
(3) a treasurer.
If a vice-president is not able to assume the duties of president-elect, the Board of 
Commissioners also shall elect from among its members, by majority vote of those 
present and voting, if a quorum is present, a president-elect who becomes 
president on the adjournment of the next succeeding annual meeting. 
A commissioner whose term expires at the next annual meeting is not eligible for 
election as an officer unless the commissioner has been reelected or reappointed 
for another term as a commissioner. If the remaining term of a commissioner 
elected vice-president or president-elect will expire before the commissioner 
completes a term as president, the term shall be extended to allow the 
commissioner to complete the term as president. If the term of an elected
commissioner is so extended, the authorized membership of the board is increased 
by one for that period; a vacancy in the district the vice-president or president elect
 represents exists when the term as a commissioner would normally expire, 
and an election to choose a successor is to be held in the usual manner. 
No person holding judicial office may be elected or appointed an officer of the Board 
of Commissioners. A judge presently serving as an officer may complete that term 
but may not thereafter, while holding judicial office, be elected or appointed an 
officer. A person serving as an officer who, after the effective date of this 
amendment, is elected or appointed to a judicial office, must resign as an officer of 
the board on or before the date that person assumes judicial office.
Section 2. Chairperson, Vice-Chairperson, and Clerk of the Assembly. A clerk of the 
Representative Assembly chosen from the elected or appointed membership of the 
assembly must be elected by the assembly at each annual meeting by majority 
vote of those present and voting, if there is a quorum present. The clerk serves a 
one-year term beginning with the adjournment of the annual meeting at which he 
or she is elected and ending with the adjournment of the next annual meeting at 
which he or she becomes vice-chairperson for a one-year term concluding with the 
next annual meeting, at which time he or she becomes chairperson for a one-year 
term concluding with the next annual meeting. If a representative is elected clerk of 
the assembly with only one or two years of his or her term remaining, the term of 
the representative is extended for an additional year or years to permit him or her 
to serve consecutive terms as vice-chairperson, and chairperson. If the term of an 
elected representative is so extended, the authorized membership of the assembly 
is increased by one for the appropriate period; a vacancy in the judicial circuit the 
chairperson-elect or chairperson represents exists when his or her term would 
normally expire and an election conducted to choose a successor having the vote to 
which the representative for that judicial circuit is entitled is to be held in the usual 
manner. Assembly officers may not concurrently hold another State Bar office and 
may not be reelected as assembly officers.
No person holding judicial office may be elected or appointed an officer of the 
Representative Assembly. A judge presently serving as an officer may complete 
that term but may not thereafter, while holding judicial office, be elected or 
appointed an officer. A person serving as an officer who, after the effective date of 
this amendment, is elected or appointed to a judicial office, must resign as an 
officer of the assembly on or before the date that person assumes judicial office.
Section 3. Duties. The president shall preside at all State Bar meetings and at all 
meetings of the Board of Commissioners and perform other duties that are usually 
incident to that office.
The president-elect shall perform the duties assigned by the president. If the
president is unable to perform his or her duties or is absent from a meeting of the 
board or the State Bar, the president-elect shall perform the duties of the president 
while the disability or absence continues. 
The vice-president shall perform the duties assigned by the president and if the 
president and president-elect are unable to perform their duties or are absent from 
a meeting of the board or the State Bar, the vice-president shall perform the duties 
of the president while the disability or absence continues.
The secretary shall act as secretary of the Board of Commissioners, prepare an 
annual report, and perform the duties usually incident to that office.
The treasurer shall prepare an annual report and perform the duties usually 
incident to that office. The treasurer will furnish bond that the Board of 
Commissioners directs.
The Board of Commissioners may assign other duties to the president, presidentelect, 
vice-president, secretary, and treasurer.
The chairperson of the Representative Assembly shall preside at all of its meetings 
and perform the other duties usually incident to that office, together with additional 
duties the assembly may assign. The vice-chairperson shall perform duties assigned 
by the chairperson or as the assembly may assign. The clerk of the assembly shall 
act as secretary of the assembly and perform the other duties the assembly
assigns. If the chairperson is unable to perform his or her duties or is absent from a 
meeting of the assembly, the vice-chairperson shall perform the chairperson's 
duties while the disability or absence continues.
Section 4. Vacancies. If any office other than that of president or chairperson or 
vice-chairperson or clerk of the Representative Assembly becomes vacant, the 
Board of Commissioners shall fill the office for the unexpired term. If the office of 
president becomes vacant, the president-elect becomes president for the unexpired 
term, and may continue as president at the adjournment of the next annual 
meeting. If the office of president becomes vacant when the office of presidentelect is also vacant, the Board of Commissioners shall fill both vacancies for the 
unexpired term. If the office of chairperson of the Representative Assembly 
becomes vacant, the vice-chairperson becomes chairperson for the unexpired term, 
and may continue as chairperson at the adjournment of the next annual meeting. If 
the office of chairperson becomes vacant when the office of vice-chairperson or 
clerk is also vacant, the assembly shall fill all vacancies for the unexpired term at 
its next meeting; the secretary shall convene and preside at the meeting until 
successors are elected.

Rule 8 Executive Director
The Board of Commissioners may appoint an Executive Director, and such 
assistants, who shall serve on a full-time or part-time basis during such period and 
for such compensation as the Board of Commissioners may determine, but shall at 
all times be subject to removal by the board with or without cause. The Executive 
Director shall perform such duties as the Board of Commissioners may from time to 
time prescribe. The Executive Director shall have the privilege of the floor at all 
meetings of the Board of Commissioners, Representative Assembly, sections, 
section councils, committees, or subcommittees, without vote. 

Rule 9 Disbursements
The Board of Commissioners shall make the necessary appropriations for 
disbursements from the funds of the treasury to pay the necessary expenses of the 
State Bar of Michigan, its officers, and committees. It shall be the duty of the board
to cause proper books of account to be kept and to have them audited annually by 
a certified public accountant. On or before December 31 each year the board shall 
cause to be presented an audited financial statement of the receipts and 
expenditures of the State Bar of Michigan for the fiscal year ending the preceding 
September 30. Such a statement shall also be filed with the Clerk of the Supreme 
Court and shall be published in the January issue of the official publication of the 
State Bar of Michigan.
No officer, member of the Board of Commissioners, member of the Representative 
Assembly, or member of a committee or section of the State Bar of Michigan shall 
receive compensation for services rendered in connection with the performance of 
his or her duties. They may, however, be reimbursed for the necessary expenses 
incurred in connection with the performance of their duties.

Rule 10 Annual Meeting
The State Bar shall hold an annual meeting, which shall include a meeting of the 
Board of Commissioners and the Representative Assembly and, if requested, the 
annual congress, as well as meetings of sections and committees that the Board of 
Commissioners may set. The Board of Commissioners shall designate the time (no 
later than November 1) and place of the annual meeting.

Rule 11 Committees
Section 1. Appointment. Committees of the State Bar of Michigan may be 
established for the promotion of the objects of the State Bar of Michigan, and shall 
consist of limited numbers of members appointed by the president with their 
number, jurisdiction, method of selection and tenure determined in accordance with 
the bylaws and the resolution establishing the committee. In the event of the 
resignation, death or disqualification of any member of a committee, the president 
shall appoint a successor to serve for the unexpired term.
Section 2. Classes. The classes of committees of the State Bar of Michigan shall be: 
a) Standing committees, for the investigation and study of matters relating to 
the accomplishment of the general purposes, business and objects of the State 
Bar of Michigan of a continuous and recurring character, within the limitation of 
the powers conferred.
(b) Special committees, created by resolution of the Board of Commissioners 
defining the powers and duties of such committees, to investigate and study 
matters relating to the specific purposes, business and objects of the State Bar 
of Michigan of an immediate or non-recurring character. The life of any special 
committee shall expire at the end of the next annual meeting following its 
creation unless continued by action of the board.
Section 3. Powers. The Committee on Arbitration of Disputes Among Lawyers, 
which has the authority to arbitrate disputes voluntarily submitted by lawyers, has 
the power to issue subpoenas (including subpoenas duces tecum), to take 
testimony under oath, and to rule on the admissibility of evidence according to the 
rules of evidence applicable to civil cases.

Rule 12 Sections
Section 1. Establishment and Discontinuance. New sections may be established and 
existing sections may be combined or discontinued or their names changed by the 
Board of Commissioners in a manner provided by the bylaws.
Section 2. Bylaws. Each section shall have bylaws not inconsistent with these Rules 
or the bylaws of the State Bar of Michigan. Section bylaws or amendments thereof 
shall become effective when approved by the Board of Commissioners.
Section 3. Existing Sections. Sections in existence at the time of the adoption of 
these Rules shall continue unless changed by action of the Board of Commissioners.

Rule 13 Initiative
Three percent or more of the active members of the State Bar may by written 
petition require consideration by the Representative Assembly of any question of 
public policy germane to the function and purposes of the State Bar; the assembly 
may take action on it that it finds proper. The petition must be filed with the clerk 
at least 90 days before any meeting of the Representative Assembly at which the 
subject matter is to be considered.

Rule 14 Congress
Section 1. Membership and Meeting. Twenty-five or more active members of the 
State Bar may file a written petition with the secretary at the principal office of the 
State Bar no later than 90 days before the annual meeting of the State Bar, to 
require the convening of a congress of the active members of the State Bar in 
conjunction with the annual meeting to consider the subject matter raised in the 
petition. One hundred active members constitute a quorum. The president is the 
presiding officer of the congress and the secretary is the secretary of the congress.
Section 2. Agenda. The congress shall consider all matters proposed for inclusion on 
its agenda in the petition requesting its convening. The congress may take action 
on the matters arising on its agenda that it deems warranted. The action is advisory 
only and must be communicated to the Board of Commissioners and to the 
Representative Assembly, but the congress may by a two-thirds vote place an issue 
on the agenda of the board or assembly. If an issue so initiated is first considered 
by the board, the board shall notify the assembly of its action, and the assembly 
shall concur with, modify, or reverse the board's action.

Rule 15 Admission to the Bar
Section 1. Character and Fitness Committees.
(1) A standing committee on character and fitness consisting of 18 active members 
of the bar shall be appointed annually by the president of the State Bar of Michigan, 
who shall designate its chairperson. District character and fitness committees 
consisting of active members of the bar in each commissioner election district shall 
be appointed, and their chairpersons designated, by the State Bar commissioners 
within the respective districts, subject to approval by the State Bar Board of 
Commissioners.
(2) The standing committee and the district committees under its supervision shall 
investigate and make recommendations with respect to the character and fitness of 
every applicant for admission to the bar by bar examination and, upon request of 
the Board of Law Examiners, the character and fitness of any other applicant for 
admission. 
(3) The State Bar of Michigan shall assign staff to assist the standing and district 
committees in the discharge of their duties. 
(4) The standing committee and each district committee shall meet at the times 
and places designated by their respective chairpersons. Five members of the 
standing committee or 3 members of a district committee shall constitute a
quorum. The action of a majority of those present constitutes the action of a 
committee. 
(5) State Bar recommendations concerning the character and fitness of an applicant 
for admission to the bar shall be transmitted to the Board of Law Examiners in 
accordance with the following procedure:
(a) An applicant shall be recommended favorably by State Bar staff without 
referral to committee when investigation of all past conduct discloses no 
significant adverse factual information. 
(b) In all other instances, applicants shall be referred to the appropriate district 
committee for personal interview unless the chairperson or other member of 
the standing committee designated by the chairperson determines that any 
adverse information reflected in the file would under no circumstance justify a 
committee determination that the applicant does not possess the character and 
fitness requisite for admission, in which event the application shall be 
transmitted to the Board of Law Examiners with a favorable recommendation. 
(c) District committees shall, under the supervision and direction of the 
standing committee, investigate the character and fitness (other than 
scholastic) of every applicant referred to them. They shall do so by informal 
interview and any additional investigation which to them seems appropriate. 
District committees shall make a written report and recommendation to the 
standing committee concerning each applicant referred to them. 
(d) Upon receiving a district committee report and recommendation, the 
standing committee shall endorse the recommendation, take the 
recommendation under advisement pending the receipt of additional 
information that it deems necessary, remand the recommendation to the 
district committee with instructions for further proceedings, or reject the 
recommendation and conduct a hearing de novo. 
(e) If the standing committee endorses a report and recommendation of a 
district committee that an applicant has the requisite character and fitness for 
admission to the bar, it shall transmit that recommendation to the Board of Law 
Examiners. 
(f) If the standing committee endorses a report and recommendation of a 
district committee that an applicant does not have the requisite character and 
fitness for admission to the bar, it shall furnish the applicant with a copy of the 
report and recommendation and advise the applicant of the right to a formal 
hearing before the standing committee provided request therefor is made in 
writing within 20 days. If the applicant requests a formal hearing within the 
time permitted, a hearing shall be scheduled before the standing committee. If 
the applicant does not request a formal hearing before the standing committee 
within the time permitted, the standing committee shall thereupon transmit the 
report and recommendation of the district committee to the Board of Law 
Examiners. 
(g) At the conclusion of any hearing conducted by the standing committee it 
shall transmit its report and recommendation to the Board of Law Examiners.
(6) Each applicant is entitled to be represented by counsel at the applicant's own 
expense at any stage of character and fitness processing. 
(7) Information obtained in the course of processing an application for admission to 
the bar may not be used for any other purpose or otherwise disclosed without the 
consent of the applicant or by order of the Supreme Court. 
(8) Notwithstanding any prohibition against disclosure in this rule or elsewhere, the 
committee on character and fitness shall disclose information concerning a bar 
application to the Attorney Grievance Commission during the course of the 
commission's investigation of a disciplined lawyer's request for reinstatement to the 
practice of law. Upon receiving a request for character and fitness information and 
proof that a disciplined lawyer is seeking reinstatement to the practice of law, the 
committee shall notify the lawyer that the commission has requested the lawyer's 
confidential file. The committee then shall disclose to the commission all 
information relating to the lawyer's bar application. The commission and the 
grievance administrator shall protect such information, as provided in MCR 
9.126(D). The administrator shall submit to a hearing panel, under seal, any 
information obtained under this rule that the administrator intends to use in a 
reinstatement proceeding. The hearing panel shall determine whether the 
information is relevant to the proceeding, and only upon such a determination may 
the administrator use the information in a public pleading or proceeding. 
(9) Any information pertaining to an application for admission to the bar submitted 
to a district committee, the standing committee, the Board of Law Examiners or the 
Supreme Court must also be disclosed to the applicant. 
(10) A person is absolutely immune from suit for statements and communications 
transmitted solely to the State Bar staff, the district committee, the standing 
committee or the Board of Law Examiners, or given in the course of an 
investigation or proceeding concerning the character and fitness of an applicant for 
admission to the bar. The State Bar staff, the members of the district and standing 
committees and the members and staff of the Board of Law Examiners are 
absolutely immune from suit for conduct arising out of the performance of their 
duties. 
(11) The standing committee has the power to issue subpoenas (including 
subpoenas duces tecum), to take testimony under oath, and to rule on the 
admissibility of evidence guided, but not strictly bound, by the rules of evidence 
applicable to civil cases. An applicant is entitled to use the committee's subpoena 
power to obtain relevant evidence by request submitted to the chairperson of the 
standing committee. 
(12) Formal hearings conducted by the standing committee shall be suitably 
recorded for the later production of transcripts, if necessary. 
(13) An applicant is entitled to a copy of the entire record of proceedings before the 
standing committee at the applicant's expense. 
(14) An applicant is entitled to at least 10 days notice of scheduled district 
committee interviews and standing committee hearings. The notice shall contain 
the following information:
(a) The time and place of the interview or hearing; 
(b) A statement of the conduct which is to be the subject of the interview or 
hearing; 
(c) The applicant's right to be represented by counsel; and 
(d) A description of the procedures to be followed at the interview or hearing, 
together with copies of any applicable rules. 
(15) An applicant has the burden of proving by clear and convincing evidence that 
he or she has the current good moral character and general fitness to warrant
admission to the bar. 
(16) Upon request made no later than 5 days prior to a scheduled interview or 
hearing, the applicant and State Bar staff may demand of the other that they be 
furnished with the identity of any witnesses to be produced at the interview or 
hearing as well as an opportunity for inspecting or copying any documentary 
evidence to be offered or introduced. 
(17) If an application is withdrawn following an adverse recommendation by a 
district committee or the standing committee, or, if following such an adverse 
recommendation the applicant fails to appear for further proceedings or takes no 
further action, the standing committee shall notify the applicant that the application 
for admission to the bar may not be renewed until the expiration of two years from 
the date of the adverse recommendation by the district committee or by the 
standing committee, or such greater period as the committee specifies, up to a 
maximum period of five years. The notification shall specify the reasons for the 
imposition of a waiting period that is longer than two years. 
(18) An applicant who has been denied character and fitness certification for 
admission to the bar by the Board of Law Examiners may not reapply for character 
and fitness certification for a period of two years following the denial or such 
greater period specified in the decision denying certification, up to a maximum 
period of five years. The decision shall specify the reasons for the imposition of a 
waiting period that is longer than two years. 
(19) The standing committee may adopt rules of procedure governing the 
processing and investigation of applications for admission to the bar and 
proceedings before district committees and the standing committee not inconsistent 
with these rules. 
(20) An applicant is entitled to review by the Board of Law Examiners of any report 
and recommendation filed with the board concluding that the applicant does not 
have the character and fitness requisite for admission. 
(21) Every applicant for admission by examination and any other applicant whose 
application is submitted to the standing committee on character and fitness for 
evaluation and recommendation shall pay to the State Bar of Michigan a fee of 
$225 for the character and fitness investigation authorized by this rule. An 
additional fee of $100 shall be required for character and fitness evaluations related 
to applications for the February examination that are postmarked after November 
1, and applications for the July examination that are postmarked after March 1.
Section 2. Foreign Attorney; Temporary Permission. Any person who is duly 
licensed to practice law in another state or territory, or in the District of Columbia, 
of the United States of America, or in any foreign country, may be temporarily 
admitted under MCR 8.126.  The State Bar of Michigan shall inform the Attorney 
Grievance Commission when an applicant for temporary admission pays the 
required fee pursuant to MCR 8.126
Section 3. Procedure for Admission; Oath of Office. (1) Each applicant to whom a 
certificate of qualification has been issued by the board of law examiners is required 
to appear personally and present such certificate to the Supreme Court or one of 
the circuit courts of this state. Upon motion made in open court by an active 
member of the State Bar of Michigan, the court may enter an order admitting such 
applicant to the bar of this state. The clerk of such court is required to forthwith 
administer to such applicant in open court the following oath of office:
I do solemnly swear (or affirm):
I will support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the 
State of Michigan; 
I will maintain the respect due to courts of justice and judicial officers; 
I will not counsel or maintain any suit or proceeding which shall appear to me 
to be unjust, nor any defense except such as I believe to be honestly debatable 
under the law of the land; 
I will employ for the purpose of maintaining the causes confided to me such 
means only as are consistent with truth and honor, and will never seek to 
mislead the judge or jury by any artifice or false statement of fact or law; 
I will maintain the confidence and preserve inviolate the secrets of my client, 
and will accept no compensation in connection with my client's business except 
with my client's knowledge and approval; 
I will abstain from all offensive personality, and advance no fact prejudicial to 
the honor or reputation of a party or witness, unless required by the justice of 
the cause with which I am charged; 
I will never reject, from any consideration personal to myself, the cause of the 
defenseless or oppressed, or delay any cause for lucre or malice; 
I will in all other respects conduct myself personally and professionally in 
conformity with the high standards of conduct imposed on members of the bar 
as conditions for the privilege to practice law in this state. 
(2) The applicant is required to subscribe to such oath of office by signing a 
copy and to register membership in the State Bar of Michigan in the manner 
prescribed in Rule 2 of these rules and to pay the required dues before 
practicing law in this state. The clerk shall record such admission, in the journal 
of such court, and shall preserve such oath of office in the records of the court. 
A roll of all persons admitted to the bar shall be kept in the office of the clerk of 
the Supreme Court. 
(3) Admission to the bar of this state is an authorization to practice as an 
attorney and counselor in every court in this state.

Rule 16 Unauthorized Practice of the Law
The State Bar of Michigan is hereby authorized and empowered to investigate 
matters pertaining to the unauthorized practice of law and, with the authority of its 
Board of Commissioners, to file and prosecute actions and proceedings with regard 
to such matters.

Rule 17 Mandatory Legal Education Program for New Admittees to the 
Michigan Bar
[Rescinded March 22, 1994, effective April 1, 1994, 444 Mich.]

Rule 19    Confidentiality of State Bar Records
Sec. 1. Except as provided below, in Rule 15, or as otherwise provided by law, 
records maintained by the state bar are open to the public pursuant to the State 
Bar of Michigan Access to Information Policy. 
Sec. 2. Records and information of the Client Protection Fund, Ethics Program, 
Lawyers and Judges Assistance Program, Practice Management Resource Center 
Program, and Unauthorized Practice of Law Program that contain identifying 
information about a person who uses, is a participant in, is subject to, or who 
inquires about participation in, any of these programs, are confidential and are not 
subject to disclosure, discovery, or production, except as provided in section (3) 
and (4).
Sec. 3. Records and information made confidential under section (1) or (2) shall be 
disclosed:
(a) pursuant to a court order;
(b) to a law enforcement agency in response to a lawfully issued subpoena or 
search warrant, or;
(c)  to the attorney grievance commission or attorney discipline board in connection 
with an investigation or hearing conducted by the commission or board, or sanction 
imposed by the board.
Sec. 4. Records and information made confidential under section (1) or (2) may be 
disclosed:
(a) upon request of the state bar and approval by the Michigan Supreme Court 
where the public interest in disclosure outweighs the public interest in nondisclosure 
in the particular instance, or
(b) at the discretion of the state bar, upon written permission of all persons who 
would be identified by the requested information.