MCR Administrative Rules of Court

Subchapter 8.100 General Administrative Orders
Rule 8.101 Applicability of Administrative Rules
The administrative rules of subchapter 8.100 apply to all courts established by the 
constitution and laws of Michigan, unless a rule otherwise provides.

Rule 8.103 State Court Administrator
The state court administrator, under the Supreme Court's supervision and direction, 
shall:
(1) supervise and examine the administrative methods and systems employed 
in the offices of the courts, including the offices of the clerks and other officers, 
and make recommendations to the Supreme Court for the improvement of the 
administration of the courts;
(2) examine the status of court calendars, determine the need for assistance to 
a court, and report to the Supreme Court;
(3) on receipt of the quarterly reports as provided in MCR 8.110(C)(5), 
investigate each case in an effort to determine the reason for delays, 
recommend actions to eliminate delays, and recommend further actions to 
expedite process to insure speedy trials of criminal cases;
(4) recommend to the Supreme Court the assignment of judges where courts 
are in need of assistance and carry out the direction of the Supreme Court as to 
the assignment of judges;
(5) collect and compile statistical and other data, make reports of the business 
transacted by the courts, and transmit the reports to the Supreme Court so that 
the statistics and other data may be used in taking proper action in the 
administration of justice;
(6) prepare and submit budget estimates of state appropriations necessary for 
the maintenance and operation of the judicial system;
(7) obtain reports from courts, and the judges, clerks, and other officers of the 
courts, in accordance with rules adopted by the Supreme Court on cases and 
other judicial business conducted or pending in the courts, and report on them 
to the Supreme Court;
(8) recommend to the Supreme Court policies for the improvement of the 
judicial system;
(9) approve and publish forms as required by these rules, and such other 
recommended forms as the administrator deems advisable; and
(10) attend to other matters assigned by the Supreme Court.

Rule 8.104 Judicial Meetings
(A) Meetings to be Called by State Court Administrator. The state court 
administrator, under the Supreme Court's supervision and direction, may call
(1) an annual statewide meeting of the circuit, recorder's, and Court of Appeals 
judges;
(2) an annual statewide meeting of the probate judges;
(3) an annual statewide meeting of the district judges; and
(4) additional statewide or regional meetings of judges as may be desirable.
(B) Presiding Officer. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or another person 
designated by the Chief Justice shall preside at judicial meetings called by the state 
court administrator.
(C) Secretary. The state court administrator or deputy administrator acts as 
secretary at judicial meetings called by the state court administrator.
(D) Purposes. At the meetings, the judges are to
(1) study the organization, rules, methods of procedure, and practice of the 
judicial system in general;
(2) study the problems of administration confronting the courts and judicial 
system in general; and
(3) make recommendations for
(a) modifying or ameliorating existing conditions,
(b) harmonizing and improving laws, and
(c) amending the rules and statutes relating to practice and procedure.

Rule 8.105 General Duties of Clerks
(A) Office Hours. The office of the clerk of every court of record must be open, and 
the clerk or deputy clerk must be in attendance, during business hours on all days 
except Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays, and at other times that the court is 
in session.
(B) Court Records and Reporting Duties. The clerk of every circuit court shall
maintain court records and make reports as prescribed by MCR 8.119.
(C) Notice of Judgments, Orders, and Opinions. Notice of a judgment, final order, 
written opinion or findings filed or entered in a civil action in a court of record must 
be given forthwith in writing by the court clerk to the attorneys of record in the 
case, in the manner provided in MCR 2.107.
(D) Filing of Assurance of Discontinuance Under MCL 445.870. The clerk of every 
judicial circuit shall, without charge, receive and file an assurance of discontinuance 
accepted by the Attorney General under MCL 445.870.

Rule 8.106 Money Paid Into Court
(A) When Court Order Required. Except as otherwise provided by law or when the 
money is in the form of cash bonds, the clerk may not perform services in handling 
money under MCL 600.2529(1)(f) without a signed order of the court.
(B) Disposition of Interest Earned. If the clerk deposits money in an interestbearing account, the clerk retains as a fee one-tenth of the interest earned, but not 
more than $100 each year or part of the year. The fee must be deposited in the 
county general fund, as required by law. The balance of the interest earned and the 
principal must be disbursed to the persons entitled to the balance.
(C) Accounts; Records. The accounts of the clerk with the banks in which the 
money is directed to be deposited must be kept in a single trust fund, with the 
designation of the rights in the fund appearing on the court's records.
(D) Orders to Pay out Funds. Orders on the banks for the payment of money out of 
court are made payable to the order of the person entitled to the money or of that 
person's duly authorized attorney, and must specify in what action or on what 
account the money is to be paid out, and the time when the judgment or order
authorizing the payment was made.
(E) NSF Checks. A court may assess costs for reasonable expenses incurred for 
checks returned to the court due to nonsufficient funds.

Rule 8.107 Statement by Trial Judge as to Matters Undecided
(A) Time. Matters under submission to a judge or judicial officer should be promptly 
determined. Short deadlines should be set for presentation of briefs and affidavits 
and for production of transcripts. Decisions, when possible, should be made from 
the bench or within a few days of submission; otherwise a decision should be 
rendered no later than 35 days after submission. For the purpose of this rule, the 
time of submission is the time the last argument or presentation in the matter was 
made, or the expiration of the time allowed for filing the last brief or production of 
transcripts, as the case may be.
(B) Report as to Matters Undecided. On the first business day of January, April, 
July, and October of each year, every trial judge shall file a certified statement with 
the chief judge in the form prescribed by the state court administrator. The 
statement shall provide information on all matters pending during the reporting 
period that were not decided within 56 days from submission. The judge shall state 
the reason that a decision was not made within 56 days. A report is required 
regardless of whether there is any case to report. The chief judge shall sign and 
file, or electronically submit, the statement with the state court administrator.

Rule 8.108 Court Reporters and Recorders
(A) Scope of Rule. This rule prescribes the duties of court reporters and recorders, 
the procedure for certifying them, the effect of noncertification, objections to 
certification, and display requirements.
(B) Attendance at Court; Taking Testimony.
(1) The court reporter or recorder shall attend the court sessions under the 
direction of the court and take a verbatim record of the following:
(a) the voir dire of prospective jurors;
(b) the testimony;
(c) the charge to the jury;
(d) in a jury trial, the opening statements and final arguments;
(e) the reasons given by the court for granting or refusing any motion made 
by a party during the course of a trial; and
(f) opinions and orders dictated by the court and other matters as may be 
prescribed by the court.
This subrule does not apply to actions tried in the small claims division of the 
district court or in the municipal courts. In the probate court proceedings, the 
reporter or recorder shall take a verbatim record of proceedings as required by 
law and chapter 5 of these rules.
(2) The court reporter or recorder who begins to record a case shall take the 
record of the entire case unless he or she shows good cause for failure to do so 
or is otherwise excused by the court.
(C) Records Kept. The court reporter or recorder who takes the testimony on the 
trial or the hearing of any case shall prefix the record of the testimony of each 
witness with the full name of the witness and the date and time the testimony was 
taken. At the conclusion of the trial of the case the reporter or recorder shall secure 
all of the records and properly entitle them on the outside, and shall safely keep 
them in his or her office.
(D) Transfer of Records; Inspection. If the court reporter or recorder dies, resigns, 
is removed from office, or leaves the state, his or her records in each case must be 
transferred to the clerk of the court in which the case was tried. The clerk shall 
safely keep the records subject to the direction of the court. The records are a part 
of the record of each case and are subject to inspection in the same manner as 
other records. On order of the court, a transcript may be made from the records 
and filed as a part of the record in the case.
(E) Furnishing Transcript. The court reporter or recorder shall furnish without delay, 
in legible English, a transcript of the records taken by him or her (or any part 
thereof) to any party on request. The reporter or recorder is entitled to receive the 
compensation prescribed in the statute on fees from the person who makes the 
request.
(F) Filing Transcript.
(1) On order of the trial court, the court reporter or recorder shall make and file 
in the clerk's office a transcript of his or her records, in legible English, of any 
civil or criminal case (or any part thereof) without expense to either party; the 
transcript is a part of the records in the case.
(2) Except when otherwise provided by contract, the court reporter or recorder 
shall receive from the appropriate governmental unit the compensation 
specified in the statute on fees for a transcript ordered by a court.
(G) Certification.
(1) Certification Requirement.
(a) Only reporters, recorders, or voice writers certified pursuant to this 
subrule may record or prepare transcripts of proceedings held in Michigan 
courts or of depositions taken in Michigan pursuant to these rules. This rule 
applies to the preparation of transcripts of videotaped courtroom 
proceedings or videotaped or audiotaped depositions, but not to the 
recording of such proceedings or depositions by means of videotaping. An 
operator holding a CEO certification under subrule (G)(7)(b) may record 
proceedings, but may not prepare transcripts.
(b) Proceedings held pursuant to MCR 6.102 or 6.104 need not be recorded 
by persons certified under this rule; however, transcripts of such 
proceedings must be prepared by court reporters, recorders, or voice 
writers certified pursuant to this rule.
(c) An indigent party who is represented by a nonprofit legal aid program 
providing free civil legal services to the indigent may use persons who are 
not certified pursuant to this rule to transcribe and file depositions taken by 
videotaping or audiotaping. Such depositions shall be otherwise prepared 
and certified in accordance with this rule.
(d) Any person who acts in the capacity of a court reporter or recorder shall 
not maintain an action in the courts of this state for the collection of 
compensation for the performance of an act for which certification is 
required by this rule without alleging and proving that the person was 
certified under this rule at the time of the performance of the act. "Person" 
refers to both individuals and the entity or entities for which a court 
reporter or recorder performs services.
(e) Any other court rule notwithstanding, an objection to the status of a 
court reporter's or recorder's certification or lack thereof must be placed on 
the record at the outset of the court proceeding or deposition or that 
objection is waived. If the objection is waived, the use of transcripts of the 
court proceeding or deposition for any purpose provided in these rules shall 
be allowed.
(f) Prior to the beginning of any deposition taken under these rules, the 
court reporter or recorder must display to all counsel initially present, and 
to each other person attending the deposition who is not represented by 
counsel, proof that the reporter or recorder has been certified as required 
by this rule. Proof of such certification, by certification number, shall also be 
displayed on the title page and certificate page of each court and deposition 
transcript and on the stationery and business cards, if any, of each court 
reporter or recorder required to be certified by this rule.
(2) Court Reporting and Recording Board of Review.
(a) The Supreme Court shall appoint a Court Reporting and Recording Board 
of Review, composed of
(i) a Court of Appeals judge, to be the chairperson;
(ii) a circuit judge;
(iii) a probate judge;
(iv) a district judge;
(v) a court reporter who is an employee of a Michigan court;
(vi) a court recorder who is an employee of a Michigan court;
(vii) a court reporter who is not an employee of a Michigan court;
(viii) a court recorder who is not an employee of a Michigan court; and,
(ix) an attorney.
(b) Appointments to the board shall be for terms of 4 years. A board 
member may be reappointed to a new term. Initial appointments may be of 
different lengths so that no more than 3 terms expire in the same year. The 
Supreme Court may remove a member at any time.
(c) If a position on the board becomes vacant because of death, 
resignation, or removal, or because a member is no longer employed in the 
capacity in which he or she was appointed, the board shall notify the 
Supreme Court Clerk and the Court shall appoint a successor to serve the 
remainder of the term.
(d) The state court administrator shall assign a staff person to serve as 
board secretary.
(3) Certification by Testing.
(a) At least twice each year the board shall administer an examination 
testing knowledge and speed, and, as to a recorder, operator, or voice 
writer, familiarity with basic logging techniques and minor repair and 
maintenance procedures. The board shall determine the passing score.
(b) In order to be eligible for registration for an examination, an applicant 
must
(i) be at least 18 years of age,
(ii) be a high school graduate, and
(iii) not have been under sentence for a felony for a period of two years.
(c) In addition, an applicant for the certified shorthand reporter examination 
must have satisfactorily completed a post-high school approved, accredited, 
or recognized course of study in court reporting and submit documentation 
of same prior to testing.
(d) An applicant for the CER/CSMR/CEO examination must have 
satisfactorily completed a post-high school board-approved workshop or
course of study, or other board-approved curriculum and submit 
documentation of same prior to testing.
(e) All CERs/CSMRs/CEOs who are fully certified by December 31, 2005, are 
exempt from the requirements of subparagraph (d).
(f) The registration fee is $60.
(4) Reciprocal Certification. A reporter, recorder, operator, or voice writer 
certified in another state may apply to the board for certification based on the 
certification already obtained.
(5) Temporary Certification. A new reporter, recorder, operator, or voice writer 
may receive one temporary certification to enable him or her to work until the 
results of the next test are released. If the person does not take the test, the 
temporary certification may not be extended unless good cause is shown. If the 
person takes the test and fails, the board may extend the temporary 
certification.
(6) Renewal, Review, and Revocation of Certification.
(a) Certifications under this rule must be renewed annually. The fee for 
renewal is $30. Renewal applications must be filed by August 1. A renewal 
application filed after that date must be accompanied by an additional late 
fee of $100. The board may require certified reporters, recorders, 
operators, and voice writers to submit, as a condition of renewal, such 
information as the board reasonably deems necessary to determine that the 
reporter, recorder, operator, or voice writer has used his or her reporting or 
recording skills during the preceding year.
(b) The board must review the certification of a reporter, recorder, 
operator, or voice writer who has not used his or her skills in the preceding 
year, and shall determine whether the certification of such a reporter, 
recorder, operator, or voice writer may be renewed without the necessity of 
a certification test.
(c) The board may review the certification of a reporter, recorder, operator, 
or voice writer and may impose sanctions, including revoking the 
certification, for good cause after a hearing before the board.
(d) If, after a reporter's, recorder's, operator's, or voice writer's certification 
is revoked or voided by the board and the reporter, recorder, operator, or 
voice writer applies to take the certification examination and passes, the 
board may issue a conditional certification for a prescribed period imposing 
restrictions or conditions that must be met for continued certification. At the 
end of the conditional period, an unconditional certification may be issued.
(7) Designations. The board shall assign an identification number to each 
person certified. A court reporter, recorder, operator, or voice writer must place 
the identification number assigned on his or her communications with the 
courts, including certificates, motions, affidavits, and transcripts. The board will 
use the following certification designations:
(a) certified electronic recorder (CER);
(b) certified electronic operator (CEO);
(c) certified shorthand reporter (CSR);
(d) certified voice writer/stenomask reporter (CSMR).
The designations are to be used only by reporters, recorders, operators, or voice 
writers certified by the board. A reporter, recorder, operator, or voice writer may be 
given more than one designation by passing different tests.
Rule 8.109 Mechanical Recording of Court Proceedings
(A) Official Record. If a trial court uses audio or video recording devices for making 
the record of court proceedings, it shall use only recording devices that meet the 
standards as published by the State Court Administrative Office. 
(B) Other Recordings. On motion of an attorney or of a party appearing on his or 
her own behalf, a court may permit audio recording of a part or all of a proceeding 
and may permit photographic recording of visual exhibits. The court may regulate 
the manner of audio or photographic recording so that it does not disrupt the 
proceeding. An audio or photographic recording made under this rule may be used 
solely to assist in the prosecution or defense during the proceeding recorded; it 
may not be used publicly.

Rule 8.110 Chief Judge Rule
(A) Applicability. This rule applies to all trial courts: i.e., the judicial circuits of the 
circuit court, the districts of the district court, the probate court in each county or a 
probate district established by law, and the municipal courts.
(B) Chief Judge, Chief Judge Pro Tempore, and Presiding Judges of Divisions. 
(1) The Supreme Court shall select a judge of each trial court to serve as chief 
judge. No later than September 1 of each odd-numbered year, each trial court 
with two or more judges may submit the names of no fewer than two judges 
whom the judges of that court recommend for selection as chief judge.
(2) Unless a chief judge pro tempore or presiding judge is named by the 
Supreme Court, the chief judge shall select a chief judge pro tempore and a 
presiding judge of any division of the trial court. The chief judge pro tempore 
and any presiding judges shall fulfill such functions as the chief judge assigns.
(3) The chief judge, chief judge pro tempore, and any presiding judges shall 
serve a two-year term beginning on January 1 of each even-numbered year, 
provided that the chief judge serves at the pleasure of the Supreme Court and 
the chief judge pro tempore and any presiding judges serve at the pleasure of 
the chief judge.
(4) Where exceptional circumstances exist, the Supreme Court may appoint a 
judge of another court to serve as chief judge of a trial court.
(C) Duties and Powers of Chief Judge.
(1) A chief judge shall act in conformity with the Michigan Court Rules, 
administrative orders of the Supreme Court, and local court rules, and should 
freely solicit the advice and suggestions of the other judges of his or her bench 
and geographic jurisdiction. If a local court management council has adopted 
the by-laws described in AO 1998-5 the chief judge shall exercise the authority 
and responsibilities under this rule in conformity with the provisions of AO 
1998-5.
(2) As the presiding officer of the court, a chief judge shall:
(a) call and preside over meetings of the court;
(b) appoint committees of the court;
(c) initiate policies concerning the court's internal operations and its 
position on external matters affecting the court;
(d) meet regularly with all chief judges whose courts are wholly or partially 
within the same county;
(e) represent the court in its relations with the Supreme Court, other 
courts, other agencies of government, the bar, the general public, and the 
news media, and in ceremonial functions;
(f) counsel and assist other judges in the performance of their 
responsibilities; and
(g) cooperate with all investigations conducted by the Judicial Tenure 
Commission.
(3) As director of the administration of the court, a chief judge shall have 
administrative superintending power and control over the judges of the court 
and all court personnel with authority and responsibility to:
(a) supervise caseload management and monitor disposition of the judicial 
work of the court;
(b) direct the apportionment and assignment of the business of the court, 
subject to the provisions of MCR 8.111;
(c) determine the hours of the court and the judges; coordinate and 
determine the number of judges and court personnel required to be present 
at any one time to perform necessary judicial administrative work of the 
court, and require their presence to perform that work;
(d) supervise the performance of all court personnel, with authority to hire, 
discipline, or discharge such personnel, with the exception of a judge's 
secretary and law clerk, if any;
(e) coordinate judicial and personnel vacations and absences, subject to the 
provisions of subrule (D);
(f) supervise court finances, including financial planning, the preparation 
and presentation of budgets, and financial reporting;
(g) request assignments of visiting judges and direct the assignment of 
matters to the visiting judges;
(h) effect compliance by the court with all applicable court rules and 
provisions of the law; and
(i) perform any act or duty or enter any order necessarily incidental to 
carrying out the purposes of this rule.
(4) If a judge does not timely dispose of his or her assigned judicial work or 
fails or refuses to comply with an order or directive from the chief judge made 
under this rule, the chief judge shall report the facts to the state court 
administrator who will, under the Supreme Court's direction, initiate whatever 
corrective action is necessary.
(5) The chief judge of the court in which criminal proceedings are pending shall 
have filed with the state court administrator a quarterly report listing the 
following cases in a format prescribed by the state court administrator:
(a) felony cases in which there has been a delay of more than 301 days 
between the order binding the defendant over to circuit court and 
adjudication;
(b) misdemeanor cases and cases involving local ordinance violations that 
have criminal penalties in which there has been a delay of more than 126
days between the date of the defendant's first appearance on the warrant 
and complaint or citation and adjudication;
(c) In computing the 126-day and 301-day periods, the court shall exclude 
periods of delay
(1) between the time a preadjudication warrant is issued and a 
defendant is arraigned;
(2) between the time a defendant is referred for evaluation to 
determine whether he or she is competent to stand trial and the receipt 
of the report; or
(3) during the time a defendant is deemed incompetent to stand trial.
(4) during the time an order is in effect that stays the disposition or 
proceedings of the case pending interlocutory appellate review.
(6) A chief judge may delegate administrative duties to a trial court 
administrator or others.
(7) Where a court rule or statute does not already require it, the chief judge 
may, by administrative order, direct the clerk of the court to provide litigants 
and attorneys with copies of forms approved by the state court administrator. 
In addition, except when a court rule or statute specifies that the court or clerk 
of the court must provide certain forms without charge, the administrative 
order may allow the clerk to provide the forms at the cost of reproduction to the 
clerk.
(D) Court Hours; Court Holidays; Judicial Absences.
(1) Court Hours. The chief judge shall enter an administrative order under MCR 
8.112(B) establishing the court's hours.
(2) Court Holidays; Local Modification.
(a) The following holidays are to be observed by all state courts, except 
those courts which have adopted modifying administrative orders pursuant 
to MCR 8.112(B):
New Year's Day, January 1;
Martin Luther King, Jr., Day, the third Monday in January in conjunction 
with the federal holiday;
Presidents' Day, the third Monday in February;
Memorial Day, the last Monday in May;
Independence Day, July 4;
Labor Day, the first Monday in September;
Veterans' Day, November 11;
Thanksgiving Day, the fourth Thursday in November; Friday after 
Thanksgiving;
Christmas Eve, December 24;
Christmas Day, December 25;
New Year's Eve, December 31;
(b) When New Year's Day, Independence Day, Veterans' Day, or Christmas 
Day falls on Saturday, the preceding Friday shall be a holiday. When New 
Year's Day, Independence Day, Veterans' Day, or Christmas Day falls on 
Sunday, the following Monday shall be a holiday. When Christmas Eve or 
New Year's Eve falls on Friday, the preceding Thursday shall be a holiday. 
When Christmas Eve or New Year's Eve falls on Saturday or Sunday, the 
preceding Friday shall be a holiday.
(c) Courts are encouraged to promulgate a modifying administrative order if 
appropriate to accommodate or achieve uniformity with the holiday 
practices of local governmental units regarding local public employees.
(d) With the prior approval of the chief judge, a judge may continue a trial 
in progress or dispose of judicial matters on any of the listed holidays if he 
or she finds it to be necessary.
(e) Any action taken by a court on February 12, Lincoln's birthday, or on 
the second Monday in October, Columbus Day, shall be valid.
(3) Judicial Vacation Standard. A judge is expected to take an annual vacation 
leave of 20 days with the approval of the chief judge to ensure docket 
coordination and coverage. A judge may take an additional 10 days of annual 
vacation leave with the approval of the chief judge. A maximum of 30 days of 
annual vacation unused due to workload constraints may be carried from one 
calendar year into the first quarter of the next calendar year and used during 
that quarter, if approved by the chief judge. Vacation days do not include:
(a) attendance at Michigan judicial conferences;
(b) attendance, with the chief judge's approval, at educational meetings or 
seminars;
(c) attendance, with the chief judge's approval, at meetings of judicial 
committees or committees substantially related to judicial administration of 
justice;
(d) absence due to illness; or
(e) administrative leave, with the chief judge's approval.
(4) Judicial Education Leave Standard. A judge is expected to take judicial 
education leave of 2 weeks every 3 years to participate in continuing legal 
education and training at Michigan judicial training programs and nationally 
recognized judicial education programs, including graduate and refresher 
courses. Judicial education leave does not include judicial conferences for which 
attendance is required. The use of judicial education leave approved by the 
chief judge does not affect a judge's annual leave.
(5) Judicial Professional Leave Standard. Judges are encouraged, as part of 
their regular judicial responsibilities, to participate in professional meetings and 
conferences that advance the administration of justice or the public's 
understanding of the judicial system; to serve on commissions and committees 
of state and national organizations that contribute to the improvement of the 
law or that advance the interests of the judicial system; and to serve on 
Supreme Court-appointed or in-house assignments or committees. The use of 
judicial professional leave approved by the chief judge does not affect a judge's 
annual leave or education leave.
(6) Approval of Judicial Absences. A judge may not be absent from the court 
without the chief judge's prior approval, except for personal illness. In making 
the decision on a request to approve a vacation or other absence, the chief 
judge shall consider, among other factors, the pending caseload of the judge 
involved. The chief judge shall withhold approval of vacation, judicial education, 
or judicial professional leave that conforms to these standards only if 
withholding approval is necessary to ensure the orderly conduct of judicial 
business. The chief judge shall maintain records of absences to be available at 
the request of the Supreme Court.

Rule 8.111 Assignment of Cases
(A) Application. The rule applies to all courts defined in subrule 8.110(A).
(B) Assignment. All cases must be assigned by lot, unless a different system has 
been adopted by local court administrative order under the provisions of subrule 
8.112. Assignment will occur at the time the case is filed or before a contested 
hearing or uncontested dispositional hearing in the case, as the chief judge directs. 
Civil actions must be assigned within appropriate categories determined by the 
chief judge. The chief judge may receive fewer assignments in order to perform the 
duties of chief judge.
(C) Reassignment. If a judge is disqualified or for other good cause cannot 
undertake an assigned case, the chief judge may reassign it to another judge by a 
written order stating the reason. To the extent feasible, the alternate judge should 
be selected by lot. The chief judge shall file the order with the trial court clerk and 
have the clerk notify the attorneys of record. The chief judge may also designate a 
judge to act temporarily until a case is reassigned or during a temporary absence of 
a judge to whom a case has been assigned.
(D) Actions Arising out of Same Transaction or Occurrence. Subject to subrule 
8.110(C),
(1) if one of two or more actions arising out of the same transaction or 
occurrence has been assigned to a judge, the other action or actions must be 
assigned to that judge;
(2) if an action arises out of the same transaction or occurrence as a civil action 
previously dismissed or transferred, the action must be assigned to the judge to 
whom the earlier action was assigned;
(3) the attorney for the party bringing the other action under subrule (1) or the 
new action under subrule (2) shall notify the clerk of the fact in writing in the 
manner prescribed in MCR 2.113(C)(2). An attorney who knowingly fails to do 
so is subject to disciplinary action.
(4) The chief judge may reassign cases, other than those encompassed by 
subrule 8.111(D)(1), in order to correct docket control problems resulting from 
the requirements of this rule.

Rule 8.112 Local Court Rules; Administrative Orders
(A) Local Court Rules.
(1) A trial court may adopt rules regulating practice in that court if the rules are 
not in conflict with these rules and regulate matters not covered by these rules.
(2) If a practice of a trial court is not specifically authorized by these rules, and
(a) reasonably depends on attorneys or litigants being informed of the 
practice for its effectiveness, or
(b) requires an attorney or litigant to do some act in relation to practice 
before that court, the practice, before enforcement, must be adopted by the 
court as a local court rule and approved by the Supreme Court.
(3) Unless a trial court finds that immediate action is required, it must give 
reasonable notice and an opportunity to comment on a proposed local court rule 
to the members of the bar in the affected judicial circuit, district, or county. The 
court shall send the rule and comments received to the Supreme Court clerk.
(4) If possible, the number of a local court rule supplementing an area covered 
by these rules must correspond with the numbering of these rules and bear the 
prefix LCR. For example, a local rule supplementing MCR 2.301 should be 
numbered LCR 2.301.
(B) Administrative Orders.
(1) A trial court may issue an administrative order governing only internal court 
management.
(2) Administrative orders must be sequentially numbered during the calendar 
year of their issuance. E.g., Recorder's Court Administrative Orders Nos. 1984-
1, 1984-2.
(3) Before its effective date, an administrative order must be sent to the state 
court administrator. If the state court administrator directs, a trial court shall 
stay the effective date of an administrative order or shall revoke it. A trial court 
may submit such an order to the Supreme Court as a local court rule.

Rule 8.113 Requests for Investigation of Courts
(A) Submission of Request. A request for investigation of a court may be submitted 
to the state court administrator.
(B) Action by State Court Administrator. The state court administrator may
(1) attempt to informally resolve the dispute,
(2) inform the complainant that an investigation pursuant to this rule is not 
appropriate under the circumstances,
(3) direct the complainant to the Judicial Tenure Commission or the Attorney 
Grievance Commission,
(4) request an investigation by the Judicial Tenure Commission or the Attorney 
Grievance Commission,
(5) refer a matter to the Supreme Court for possible exercise of the Supreme 
Court's power of superintending control over the judiciary, or
(6) take any other appropriate action.
(C) Cooperation With Inquiry. Judges, court employees, and members of the bar 
shall cooperate with the state court administrator on request for assistance in 
inquiries pursuant to this rule.
(D) Review Prohibited; Action Without Prejudice to Other Proceedings. There is no 
appeal from or review of any action taken by the state court administrator under 
this rule, but nothing in this rule limits the right of any person to request an 
investigation by the Judicial Tenure Commission or the Attorney Grievance 
Commission or to file an action for superintending control in an appropriate court.

Rule 8.115 Courtroom Decorum; Policy Regarding Use of Cell Phones or 
Other Portable Electronic Communication Devices 
(A) Display of Flags. The flags of the United States and of the State of Michigan 
must be displayed in a conspicuous place adjacent to the bench at all times when 
court is in session.
(B) Judicial Robe. When acting in his or her official capacity in the courtroom, a 
judge shall wear a black robe.
(C) Establishment of a Policy Regarding Portable Electronic Communication Devices. 
(1) A facility that contains a courtroom may determine use of electronic 
equipment in nonjudicial areas of the facility.
(2) The chief judge may establish a policy regarding the use of cell phones or 
other portable electronic communication devices within the court, except that 
no photographs may be taken of any jurors or witnesses, and no photographs 
may be taken inside any courtroom without permission of the court.  The policy 
regarding the use of cell phones or other portable electronic communication 
devices shall be posted in a conspicuous location outside and inside each 
courtroom.  Failure to comply with this section or with the policy established by 
the chief judge may result in a fine, including confiscation of the device, 
incarceration, or both for contempt of court. 
Rule 8.116 Sessions of Court
(A) Opening Court; Recesses. A definite time must be set for all court sessions, and 
the judge shall promptly open a session. Recesses shall be taken regularly, but 
should be short, and court must resume on time.
(B) Participants to be Punctual. Persons having business with a court must be in 
court and ready to begin at the opening of the session, and must otherwise be 
punctual for all court business.
(C) Staggered Scheduling. A judge shall stagger the docket schedule so that an 
attorney or party may be heard within a time reasonably close to the scheduled 
time, and, except for good cause, the docket shall be called in order.
(D) Access to Court Proceedings.
(1) Except as otherwise provided by statute or court rule, a court may not limit 
access by the public to a court proceeding unless
(a) a party has filed a written motion that identifies the specific interest to 
be protected, or the court sua sponte has identified a specific interest to be 
protected, and the court determines that the interest outweighs the right of 
access; 
(b) the denial of access is narrowly tailored to accommodate the interest to 
be protected, and there is no less restrictive means to adequately and 
effectively protect the interest; and
(c) the court states on the record the specific reasons for the decision to 
limit access to the proceeding.
(2) Any person may file a motion to set aside an order that limits access to a 
court proceeding under this rule, or an objection to entry of such an order. MCR 
2.119 governs the proceedings on such a motion or objection. If the court 
denies the motion or objection, the moving or objecting person may file an 
application for leave to appeal in the same manner as a party to the action.
(3) Whenever the court enters an order limiting access to a proceeding that 
otherwise would be public, the court must forward a copy of the order to the 
State Court Administrative Office.

Rule 8.117 Case Classification Codes
Use of Case-Type Code. As required by MCR 2.113(C)(1)(c), the plaintiff must 
assign one case-type code from a list provided by the State Court Administrator 
according to the principal subject matter of the action (not the nature of the 
proceedings), and include this code in the caption of the complaint. The case code 
must be included in the caption of all papers thereafter filed in the case.
Supplement - effective January 1, 2004
Case classification codes (MCR 8.117) are no longer part of the Michigan Court 
Rules, but are provided by the State Court Administrator. A current list is provided 
here for the convenience of the readers. 
Case Type Codes Approved by the State Court Administrative Office in accordance
with MCR 8.117 and published as Component 39 of the Michigan Trial Court Case 
File Management Standards (for an electronic copy of the standards, see 
www.courts.mi.gov/supremecourt).
(A) Circuit Court Case Type Code List. The following case type code list must be 
used in circuit court as provided in Component 1 of the Michigan Trial Court Case 
File Management Standards. The bracketed letters are the case type codes.
(1) Appeals.
(a) Agencies [AA]. All matters from administrative agencies other than the 
Michigan Employment Security Commission and the Michigan Secretary of 
State.
(b) Employment Security Commission [AE]. All matters regarding Michigan 
Employment Security Commission actions.
(c) Parole Board Decisions [AP]. Appeals in parole board decisions.
(d) Criminal Appeals [AR]. All criminal appeals from a lower court when filed 
in a higher court.
(e) Civil Appeals [AV]. All civil appeals from a lower court when filed in a 
higher court.
(2) Administrative Review, Superintending Control, Extraordinary Writs.
(a) Habeas Corpus [AH]. All writs of habeas corpus except habeas corpus to 
obtain custody of a child.
(b) Licensing and Vehicles [AL]. All matters regarding Secretary of State 
actions.
(c) Superintending Control [AS]. All matters involving superintending
control or supervisory control powers of the court.
(d) Writs [AW]. All actions for mandamus and quo warranto and other writs.
(3) Criminal.
(a) Extradition/Detainer [AX]. All extradition and detainer matters initiated 
by Michigan to other states.
(b) Capital Felonies [FC]. Capital felony cases, in which life sentence is 
possible and a larger number of peremptory jury challenges is provided.
(c) Noncapital Felonies [FH].
(d) Juvenile Felonies [FJ]. Felony offenses committed by juveniles and 
waived to the criminal division of the circuit court under MCR 5.950. 
Includes life offenses committed by juveniles in which the prosecuting 
attorney has authorized the filing of a criminal complaint and warrant under 
MCR 6.907 instead of proceeding in the family division of the circuit court.
(4) Civil Damage Suits.
(a) Property Damage, Auto Negligence [ND]. All complaints of property 
damage but not personal injury involving the use of a motor vehicle.
(b) No-Fault Automobile Insurance [NF]. All claims for first-party personal 
protection benefits and first-party property protection benefits under the 
no-fault automobile insurance act.
(c) Medical Malpractice [NH]. All claims involving health care provider 
malpractice.
(d) Personal Injury, Auto Negligence [NI]. All complaints of personal injury, 
or personal injury and property damage, involving the use of a motor 
vehicle.
(e) Other Professional Malpractice [NM]. All claims involving professional 
malpractice other than health care provider malpractice.
(f) Other Personal Injury [NO]. All other claims involving liability for 
personal injury not otherwise coded.
(g) Products Liability [NP]. All claims involving products liability.
(h) Dramshop Act [NS]. All claims involving liability under the liquor control 
code.
(i) Other Damage Suits [NZ]. All other claims for damages.
(5) Other Civil Matters.
(a) Business Claims [CB]. All claims involving partnership termination and 
other business accountings.
(b) Condemnation [CC]. All condemnation proceedings.
(c) Employment Discrimination [CD]. All complaints of employment 
discrimination.
(d) Environment [CE]. All environmental matters such as zoning, pollution, 
etc.
(e) Forfeiture Claims [CF]. All claims of interest in property seized under the 
Controlled Substance Act which may be subject to forfeiture.
(f) Housing and Real Estate [CH]. All housing, real estate, foreclosure, land 
contracts, and other property proceedings (except landlord-tenant and land 
contract summary proceedings).
(g) Contracts [CK]. All proceedings involving contractual obligations not 
otherwise coded.
(h) Labor Relations [CL]. All labor-management matters except employment 
discrimination.
(i) Antitrust, Franchising, and Trade Regulation [CP]. All complaints 
regarding unlawful trade practices including but not limited to pricing and 
advertising of consumer items, regulation of watercraft, restraint of trade 
and monopolies, Consumer Protection Act, Farm and Utility Equipment 
Franchise Act, franchise investment law, motor vehicle dealer agreements, 
and the Motor Fuel Distribution Act.
(j) Corporate Receivership [CR]. All corporate receivership proceedings.
(k) General Civil [CZ]. All other civil actions not otherwise coded.
(l) Proceedings to Restore, Establish, or Correct Records [PC]. All 
proceedings to restore, establish or correct records which are assigned a 
new case number (not brought under an existing case).
(m) Claim and Delivery [PD]. All complaints to recover personal property 
which are assigned a new case number (not brought under an existing 
case).
(n) Receivers in Supplemental Proceedings [PR]. All proceedings appointing 
a receiver which are assigned a new case number (not brought under an 
existing case).
(o) Supplemental Proceedings [PS]. All supplemental proceedings which are 
assigned a new case number (not brought under an existing case).
(p) Miscellaneous Proceedings [PZ]. All other matters assigned a new case 
number (not brought under an existing case), including the following 
matters: grand jury and multi-county grand jury.
(6) Family Division - Domestic Relations.
(a) Custody [DC].  All habeas corpus to obtain custody of a child; order to 
show cause for custody of a child; other custody, or custody and support 
proceedings when no divorce action has been filed; or actions under the 
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act.  Also used for 
intrastate transfers of postjudgment custody or custody and support 
proceedings where no divorce action has been filed.
(b) Divorce, Minor Children [DM].  All complaints for divorce, separate 
maintenance, or annulment when minor children are involved.  Also used 
for intrastate transfers of postjudgment divorce; divorce and custody; or 
divorce, custody, and support complaints when minor children are involved.
(f) Housing and Real Estate [CH]. All housing, real estate, foreclosure, land 
contracts, and other property proceedings (except landlord-tenant and land 
contract summary proceedings).
(g) Contracts [CK]. All proceedings involving contractual obligations not 
otherwise coded.
(h) Labor Relations [CL]. All labor-management matters except employment 
discrimination.
(i) Antitrust, Franchising, and Trade Regulation [CP]. All complaints 
regarding unlawful trade practices including but not limited to pricing and 
advertising of consumer items, regulation of watercraft, restraint of trade 
and monopolies, Consumer Protection Act, Farm and Utility Equipment 
Franchise Act, franchise investment law, motor vehicle dealer agreements, 
and the Motor Fuel Distribution Act.
(j) Corporate Receivership [CR]. All corporate receivership proceedings.
(k) General Civil [CZ]. All other civil actions not otherwise coded.
(l) Proceedings to Restore, Establish, or Correct Records [PC]. All 
proceedings to restore, establish or correct records which are assigned a 
new case number (not brought under an existing case).
(m) Claim and Delivery [PD]. All complaints to recover personal property 
which are assigned a new case number (not brought under an existing 
case).
(n) Receivers in Supplemental Proceedings [PR]. All proceedings appointing 
a receiver which are assigned a new case number (not brought under an 
existing case).
(o) Supplemental Proceedings [PS]. All supplemental proceedings which are 
assigned a new case number (not brought under an existing case).
(p) Miscellaneous Proceedings [PZ]. All other matters assigned a new case 
number (not brought under an existing case), including the following 
matters: grand jury and multi-county grand jury.
(6) Family Division - Domestic Relations.
(a) Custody [DC].  All habeas corpus to obtain custody of a child; order to 
show cause for custody of a child; other custody, or custody and support 
proceedings when no divorce action has been filed; or actions under the 
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act.  Also used for 
intrastate transfers of postjudgment custody or custody and support 
proceedings where no divorce action has been filed.
(b) Divorce, Minor Children [DM].  All complaints for divorce, separate 
maintenance, or annulment when minor children are involved.  Also used 
for intrastate transfers of postjudgment divorce; divorce and custody; or 
divorce, custody, and support complaints when minor children are involved.
(m)Transfer UIFSA [UT].  All intrastate transfers of postjudgment support 
enforcement proceedings incoming from another state under the Uniform 
Interstate Family Support Act.
(n) Registration of Income Withholding Orders [UW].  All incoming 
registrations of another state’s orders for the specific purpose of income 
withholding. 
(7) Family Division - Proceedings under Juvenile Code.
(a) Designated Juvenile Offenses [DJ]. All juvenile offenses designated by 
the prosecutor or court to be heard in the family division of circuit court in 
the same manner as an adult criminal case is heard in the criminal division 
of the circuit court.
(b) Delinquency Proceedings [DL]. All delinquency proceedings initiated by 
petition under the juvenile code or initiated by Uniform Law Citation for 
various minor offenses not in the Motor Vehicle Code.
(c) Juvenile Guardianship [JG] All juvenile guardianships created by order 
under the juvenile code, MCL 712A.19a and MCL 712A.19c.
(d) Child Protective Proceedings [NA]. All child protective proceedings 
initiated by petition under the juvenile code.
(e) Personal Protection Actions Brought Under the Juvenile Code [PJ]. All 
petitions seeking a personal protection order against a respondent under 
the age of 18. Includes proceedings conducted for violation of personal 
protection orders issued under the juvenile code when heard by a county 
other than the county that issued the personal protection order.
(f) Traffic and Local Ordinance [TL]. All traffic and local ordinance issued on 
a Uniform Law Citation under the Motor Vehicle Code or local corresponding 
ordinance.
(8) Family Division - Proceedings under Adoption Code.
(a) Adult Adoptions [AB]. All petitions for adult adoption.
(b) Agency International Adoptions [AC]. All petitions for foreign children 
adoption.
(c) Direct Placement Adoptions [AD]. All petitions for direct placement 
adoption including temporary placements prior to filing of petition for direct 
placement.
(d) Relative Adoptions [AF]. All petitions for adoption of a minor by a 
relative within the fifth degree of consanguinity including a relative 
guardian, but not including step-parent or direct placement adoptions.
(e) Safe Delivery of Newborn Adoptions [AG] - All petitions for adoption of a 
child where the parental rights of at least one of the parents was terminated 
under the safe delivery of newborn act.
(f) Permanent Ward Adoptions (state ward or court ward) [AM]. All petitions 
for adoption of a state or court ward where the parental rights of at least 
one of the parents was terminated under the juvenile code.
(g) Non Relative Guardian Adoptions [AN]. All petitions for adoption of a 
minor by a guardian who is not a relative.
(h) Other Adoptions [AO]. All other petitions for adoption of a minor not 
otherwise designated.
(i) Step-Parent Adoptions [AY]. All petitions for adoption of a minor by a
step-parent.
(j) Release to Adopt; No Case [RB]. All releases to adopt; no case pending.
(k) Release to Adopt [RL]. All releases to adopt; result of a child protective 
case.
(9) Family Division - Miscellaneous Proceedings.
(a) Emancipation of Minor [EM]. All emancipation proceedings initiated 
under the status of minors and emancipation act.
(b) Infectious Disease [ID]. All proceedings under the public health code for 
treatment of infectious disease or testing for infectious disease.
(c) Safe Delivery of Newborn Child [NB]. All proceedings involving a 
newborn child surrendered under the Safe Delivery of Newborns act (MCL 
712.1 et seq.).
(d) Name Change [NC]. All name change proceedings.
(e) Personal Protection Against Stalking [PH]. All personal protection 
proceedings under MCL 600.2950a when there is no domestic relationship 
between the parties and the respondent is not under the age of 18.
(f) Personal Protection in Domestic Relationships [PP]. All personal 
protection proceedings under MCL 600.2950 and/or MCL 600.2950a when 
there is a domestic relationship between the parties and the respondent is 
not under the age of 18.
(g) Waiver of Parental Consent to Obtain Abortion [PW]. All waiver of 
parental consent proceedings under the parental rights restoration act.
(h) Violation Proceedings on Out-of-County Personal Protection Order -
Revised Judicature Act [VP]. All proceedings conducted for violation of 
personal protection orders issued under MCL 600.2950 or MCL 600.2950a 
when heard by a county other than the county that issued the personal 
protection order. This case is filed as "In the Matter of."
(10) Family Division - Ancillary Proceedings. Use case type codes listed in (C) 
for matters filed in the probate court which may alternatively be filed in the 
family division of circuit court as an ancillary proceeding.
(11) Court of Claims.
(a) Highway Defect [MD]. All claims involving highway defects.
(b) Medical Malpractice [MH]. All claims involving health care provider 
malpractice.
(c) Contracts [MK]. All other proceedings involving contractual obligations 
not otherwise coded.
(d) Constitutional Claims [MM]. All claims for money damages brought 
under the Michigan Constitution.
(e) Prisoner Litigation [MP]. All claims for money damages against the state 
of Michigan filed by state prisoners.
(f) Tax Related Suits [MT]. All claims involving liability for state taxes.
(g) Other Damage Suits [MZ]. All other claims for money damages.
(B) District Court Case Type Code List. The following case type code list must be 
used in district court as provided in Component 1 of the Michigan Trial Court Case 
File Management Standards. The bracketed letters are the case type codes.
(1) Criminal.
(a) Extradition/Detainer [EX]. All extradition and detainer matters initiated 
by Michigan to other states.
(b) Felony Criminal [FY]. All felony non-traffic cases. Includes life offenses 
committed by juveniles in which the prosecuting attorney has authorized 
the filing of a criminal complaint and warrant under MCR 6.907 instead of 
proceeding in the family division of the circuit court, and specified offenses 
committed by juveniles and waived to the criminal division of the circuit 
court under MCR 5.950.
(c) Ordinance Misdemeanor Criminal [OM]. All non-traffic misdemeanor 
offenses issued under ordinance.
(d) Statute Misdemeanor Criminal [SM]. All non-traffic misdemeanor 
offenses issued under statute.
(2) Traffic.
(a) Felony Drunk Driving [FD]. All felony drunk driving cases.
(b) Felony Traffic [FT]. All felony traffic cases except drunk driving.
(c) Ordinance Misdemeanor Drunk Driving [OD]. All drunk driving 
misdemeanor offenses issued under ordinance.
(d) Ordinance Civil Infraction Traffic [OI]. All traffic civil infraction offenses 
issued under ordinance.
(e) Ordinance Misdemeanor Traffic [OT]. All traffic misdemeanor offenses 
issued under ordinance except drunk driving.
(f) Statute Misdemeanor Drunk Driving [SD]. All drunk driving misdemeanor 
offenses issued under statute.
(g) Statute Civil Infraction Traffic [SI]. All traffic civil infraction offenses 
issued under statute.
(h) Statute Misdemeanor Traffic [ST]. All traffic misdemeanor offenses 
issued under statute except drunk driving.
(3) Non-Traffic Civil Infraction and Parking.
(a) Ordinance Parking [OK]. All parking offenses issued under ordinance.
(b) Ordinance Civil Infraction Non-Traffic [ON]. All non-traffic civil infraction 
offenses issued under ordinance.
(c) Statute Parking [SK]. All parking offenses issued under statute.
(d) Statute Civil Infraction Non-Traffic [SN]. All non-traffic civil infraction 
offenses issued under statute.
(4) Civil Damage Suits.
(a) General Civil [GC]. All civil cases for money damages except small 
claims, landlord-tenant, and land contract.
(b) Miscellaneous Civil [GZ]. All non-monetary claims including coroner's 
inquests, peace bonds, claim and delivery without money judgment, drug 
forfeitures, other summary proceedings not relating to landlord-tenant and 
land contract, and proceedings under the public health code for testing for 
infectious disease.
(c) Small Claims [SC]. All civil claims for the recovery of money which does 
not exceed the jurisdictional limit in MCL 600.8401.
(5) Housing and Real Estate Suits.
(a) Landlord-Tenant Summary Proceedings [LT].
(b) Land Contract Summary Proceedings [SP].
(C) Probate Court Case Type Code List. The following case type code list must be 
used in probate court as provided in Component 1 of theMichigan Trial Court Case 
File Management Standards.The bracketed letters are the case type codes.
(1) Estates, Trusts, Wills.
(a) Decedent Estates, Supervised Administration [DA]. All matters involving 
decedent estates in which administration is supervised.
(b) Decedent Estates, Unsupervised Administration and Non-Administered 
Estates [DE]. All matters involving decedent estates in which either 
administration is unsupervised, or the estate is not administered.
(c) Determination of Heirs (separate proceeding) [DH]. All matters to 
determine heirs as a separate proceeding.
(d) Small Estates [PE]. All assignments of estates where gross estate assets 
do not exceed $15,000 (as adjusted for inflation).
(e) Trust Registration [TR]. All requests to register trusts.
(f) Trust, Testamentary [TT]. All trusts which take effect on the death of the 
settlor.
(g) Trust Inter Vivos [TV]. All trusts which are operative during the lifetime 
of the settlor.
(2) Guardianships and Conservatorships.
These case types may also be filed in the family division of circuit court as an 
ancillary proceeding.
(a) Adult Conservatorship [CA]. All matters involving conservatorship of 
adults.
(b) Minor Conservatorship [CY]. All matters involving conservatorship of 
minors.
(c) Developmental Disability Guardianship [DD]. All matters involving 
guardianship of individuals with developmental disability, both adults and 
minors.
(d) Adult Guardianship [GA]. All matters involving full guardianship of 
incapacitated individuals.
(e) Limited Guardianship of Adult [GL]. All matters involving limited 
guardianship of incapacitated individuals.
(f) Minor Guardianship [GM]. All matters involving full guardianship of 
minors.
(g) Limited Guardianship of Minor [LG]. All matters involving limited 
guardianship of minors.
(h) Protective Orders [PO]. All protective orders requested under the 
estates and protected individuals code except when filed in conjunction with 
a petition for conservatorship.
(3) Mental Illness Proceedings and Judicial Admission.
These case types may also be filed in the family division of circuit court as an 
ancillary proceeding.
(a) Judicial Admission [JA]. All matters involving judicial admission of 
individuals with developmental disability.
(b) Mental Illness Proceedings [MI]. All mental illness proceedings brought 
under the mental health code.
(4) Civil and Miscellaneous Proceedings.
(a) Delayed Registration of Foreign Birth [BR].
(b) Civil [CZ]. All civil matters commenced under MCR 5.101(C).
(c) Miscellaneous Matters [ML]. All other matters filed with the probate 
court for judicial or administrative action including but not limited to: 
appeals; death by accident or disaster; filing of letters by foreign personal 
representative; kidney transplants; lost instruments; opening of safe 
deposit box; review of adoption subsidy; review of drain commission; 
review of mental health financial liability; secret marriage licenses;
substance abuse treatment of minor; support of poor persons; and uniform 
gifts to minors act.

Rule 8.119 Court Records and Reports; Duties of Clerks
(A) Applicability. This rule applies to all actions in every trial court except that 
subrule (D)(1) does not apply to civil infractions.
(B) Records Standards. The clerk of the court shall comply with the records 
standards in this rule and as prescribed by the Michigan Supreme Court.
(C) Filing of Papers. The clerk of the court shall endorse on the first page of every 
document the date on which it is filed. Papers filed with the clerk of the court must 
comply with Michigan Court Rules and Michigan Supreme Court records standards. 
The clerk of the court may reject papers which do not conform to MCR 2.113(C)(1) 
and MCR 5.113(A)(1).
(D) Records Kept by the Clerk. The clerk of the court of every trial court shall keep 
records in the form and style the court prescribes and in accordance with Michigan 
Supreme Court records standards and local court plans. A court may adopt a 
computerized, microfilm, or word-processing system for maintaining records that 
substantially complies with this subrule.
(1) Indexes and Case Files. The clerk shall keep and maintain records of each 
case consisting of a numerical index, an alphabetical index, a register of 
actions, and a case file in such form and style as may be prescribed by the 
Supreme Court. Each case shall be assigned a case number on receipt of a 
complaint, petition, or other initiating document. The case number shall comply 
with MCR 2.113(C)(1)(c) or MCR 5.113(A)(1)(b)(ii) as applicable. In addition to 
the case number, a separate petition number shall be assigned to each petition 
filed under the Juvenile Code as required under MCR 5.113(A)(1)(b)(ii). The 
case number (and petition number if applicable) shall be recorded on the 
register of actions, file folder, numerical index, and alphabetical index. The 
records shall include the following characteristics:
(a) Numerical Index. The clerk shall maintain a numerical index as a list of 
consecutive case numbers on which the date of filing and the names of the 
parties are recorded. The index may be maintained either as a central index 
for all cases filed in the court or as separate lists for particular types of 
cases or particular divisions of the court.
(b) Alphabetical Index. The clerk shall maintain a central alphabetical index 
or separate alphabetical indexes for particular types of cases or particular 
divisions of the court on which the date of filing, names of all parties, and 
the case number are recorded.
(c) Register of Actions. The clerk shall keep a case history of each case, 
known as a register of actions. The register of actions shall contain both 
pre- and post-judgment information. When a case is commenced, a register 
of actions form shall be created. The case identification information in the 
alphabetical index shall be entered on the register of actions. In addition,
the following shall be noted chronologically on the register of actions as it 
pertains to the case:
(i) the offense (if one);
(ii) the judge assigned to the case;
(iii) the fees paid;
(iv) the date and title of each filed document;
(v) the date process was issued and returned, as well as the date of 
service;
(vi) the date of each event and type and result of action;
(vii) the date of scheduled trials, hearings, and all other appearances or 
reviews, including a notation indicating whether the proceedings were 
heard on the record and the name and certification number of the court 
reporter or recorder present;
(viii) the orders, judgments, and verdicts;
(ix) the judge at adjudication and disposition;
(x) the date of adjudication and disposition; and
(xi) the manner of adjudication and disposition.
Each notation shall be brief, but shall show the nature of each paper filed, 
each order or judgment of the court, and the returns showing execution. 
Each notation shall be dated with not only the date of filing, but with the 
date of entry and shall indicate the person recording the action.
(d) Case file. The clerk of the court shall maintain a file folder for each 
action, bearing the case number assigned to it, in which the clerk shall keep 
all pleadings, process, written opinions and findings, orders, and judgments 
filed in the action. Additionally, the clerk shall keep in the file all other 
documents prescribed by court rule, statute, or as ordered by the court. If 
other records of a case file are maintained separately from the file folder, 
the clerk shall keep them as prescribed by case file management standards.
(2) Calendars. The clerk may maintain calendars of actions. A calendar is a 
schedule of cases ready for court action that identifies times and places of 
activity.
(3) Abolished Records.
(a) Journals. Except for recording marriages, journals shall not be 
maintained.
(b) Dockets. A register of actions replaces a docket. Wherever these rules 
or applicable statutes require entries on a docket, those entries shall be 
entered on the register of actions.
(4) Other Records. The clerk shall keep in such form as may be prescribed by 
the court, other papers, documents, materials, and things filed with or handled 
by the court including but not limited to wills for safekeeping, exhibits and other
discovery materials, requests for search warrants, marriage records, and 
administrative activities.
(E) Access to Records. The clerk may not permit any record or paper on file in the 
clerk's office to be taken from it without the order of the court.
(1) Unless access to a file, a document, or information contained in a file or 
document is restricted by statute, court rule, or an order entered pursuant to 
subrule (F), any person may inspect pleadings and other papers in the clerk's 
office and may obtain copies as provided in subrule (E)(2) and (E)(3).
(2) If a person wishes to obtain copies of papers in a file, the clerk shall provide 
copies upon receipt of the reasonable cost of reproduction. If the clerk prefers, 
the requesting person may be permitted to make copies at personal expense 
under the direct supervision of the clerk. Except for copies of transcripts or as 
otherwise directed by statute or court rule, a standard fee may be established 
for providing copies of papers on file.
(3) A court is not required to create a new record, except to the extent required 
by furnishing copies of a file, paper, or record. A court may create a new record 
or compilation of records pertaining to case files or case-related information on 
request, provided that the record created or compiled does not disclose 
information that would otherwise be confidential or restricted by statute, court 
rule, or an order entered pursuant to subrule (F).
(4) Every court shall adopt an administrative order pursuant to MCR 8.112(B) 
to
(a) make reasonable regulations necessary to protect its public records and 
prevent excessive and unreasonable interference with the discharge of its 
functions;
(b) specify the reasonable cost of reproduction of records provided under 
subrule (E)(2); and
(c) specify the process for determining costs under subrule (E)(3).
(F) Sealed Records.
(1) Except as otherwise provided by statute or court rule, a court may not enter 
an order that seals courts records, in whole or in part, in any action or 
proceeding, unless
(a) a party has filed a written motion that identifies the specific interest to 
be protected,
(b) the court has made a finding of good cause, in writing or on the record, 
which specifies the grounds for the order, and
(c) there is no less restrictive means to adequately and effectively protect 
the specific interest asserted.
(2) In determining whether good cause has been shown, the court must
(a) the interests of the parties, including, where there is an allegation of 
domestic violence, the safety of the alleged or potential victim of the 
domestic violence, and
(b) the interest of the public.
(3) The court must provide any interested person the opportunity to be heard 
concerning the sealing of the records.
(4) For purposes of this rule, "court records" includes all documents and records 
of any nature that are filed with the clerk in connection with the action. Nothing 
in this rule is intended to limit the court's authority to issue protective orders 
pursuant to MCR 2.302(C).  Materials that are subject to a motion to seal a 
record in whole or in part shall be held under seal pending the court’s 
disposition of the motion.
(5) A court may not seal a court order or opinion, including an order or opinion 
that disposes of a motion to seal the record.
(6) Any person may file a motion to set aside an order that disposes of a 
motion to seal the record, or an objection to entry of a proposed order. MCR 
2.119 governs the proceedings on such a motion or objection. If the court 
denies a motion to set aside the order or enters the order after objection is 
filed, the moving or objecting person may file an application for leave to appeal 
in the same manner as a party to the action. See MCR 8.116(D).
(7) Whenever the court grants a motion to seal a court record, in whole or in 
part, the court must forward a copy of the order to the Clerk of the Supreme 
Court and to the State Court Administrative Office.
(G) Reporting Duties.
(1) The clerk of every court shall submit reports and records as required by 
statute and court rule.
(2) The clerk of every court shall submit reports or provide records as required 
by the State Court Administrative Office, without costs.

Rule 8.120 Law Students and Recent Graduates; Participation in Legal Aid 
Clinics, Defender Offices, and Legal Training Programs
(A) Legal Aid Clinics; Defender Offices. Effective legal service for each person in 
Michigan, regardless of that person's ability to pay, is important to the directly 
affected person, to our court system, and to the whole citizenry. Law students and 
recent law graduates, under supervision by a member of the state bar, may staff 
public and nonprofit defender offices, and legal aid clinics that are organized under 
a city or county bar association or an accredited law school or for the primary 
purpose of providing free legal services to indigent persons.
(B) Legal Training Programs. Law students and recent law graduates may 
participate in legal training programs organized in the offices of county prosecuting 
attorneys, county corporation counsel, city attorneys, the Attorney Grievance 
Commission, and the Attorney General.
(C) Eligible Students. A student in a law school approved by the American Bar 
Association who has received a passing grade in law school courses and has 
completed the first year is eligible to participate in a clinic or program listed in 
subrules (A) and (B) if the student meets the academic and moral standards 
established by the dean of that school. For the purpose of this rule, a "recent law 
graduate" is a person who has graduated from law school within the last year.  The 
student or graduate must certify in writing that he or she has read and is familiar 
with the Michigan Rules of Professional Conduct and the Michigan Court Rules, and 
shall take an oath which is reasonably equivalent to the Michigan Lawyer’s Oath in 
requiring at a minimum the promise to: (a) support the Constitution of the United 
States; (b) support the Constitution of the State of Michigan; (c) maintain the 
respect due to courts of justice and judicial officers; (d) never seek to mislead a 
judge or jury by any artifice or false statement of fact or law; (e) maintain the 
confidence and preserve inviolate the secrets of the client; (f) abstain from all 
offensive personality; (g) advance no fact prejudicial to the honor or reputation of a 
party or witness, unless required by the justice of the cause; and (h) in all other 
respects conduct himself or herself personally and professionally in conformity with 
the high standards of conduct imposed upon members of the state bar of Michigan.
(D) Scope; Procedure.
(1) A member of the legal aid clinic, in representing an indigent person, is 
authorized to advise the person and to negotiate and appear on the person's 
behalf in all Michigan courts except the Supreme Court.  Except as otherwise 
provided in this rule, the indigent person that will be assisted by the student 
must consent in writing to the representation.  In a situation in which a law 
student provides short-term, limited-scope legal advice by telephone in the 
context of a clinical program intended to assist indigent persons offered as part 
of a law school curriculum, the clinic patron shall be informed that:
(a) the advice provided may be rendered by a law student, and
(b) by proceeding to the consultation following notification that the advice 
may be provided by a law student, the clinic patron consents to such 
representation.
(2) Representation must be conducted under the supervision of a state bar 
member. Supervision by a state bar member includes the duty to examine and 
sign all pleadings filed. It does not require the state bar member to be present
(a) while a law student or graduate is advising an indigent person or 
negotiating on the person's behalf, or
(b) during a courtroom appearance of a law student or graduate, except
(i) during an appellate argument or
(ii) in a criminal or juvenile case exposing the client to a penalty of 
imprisonment.
The supervising attorney shall assume all personal professional 
responsibility for the student’s or graduate’s work, and should consider
purchasing professional liability insurance to cover the practice of such 
student or graduate.
(3) A law student or graduate may not appear in a case in a Michigan court 
without the approval of the judge or a majority of the panel of judges to which 
the case is assigned.  If the judge or a majority of the panel grants approval, 
the judge or a majority of the panel may suspend the proceedings at any stage 
if the judge or a majority of the panel determines that the representation by the 
law student or graduate
(a) is professionally inadequate, and
(b) substantial justice requires suspension.
In the Court of Appeals, a request for a law student or graduate to appear 
at oral argument must be submitted by motion to the panel that will hear 
the case.  The panel may deny the request or establish restrictions or other 
parameters for the representation on a case-by-case basis.
(4) A law student or graduate serving in a prosecutor's, county corporation 
counsel's, city attorney's, or Attorney General's program may be authorized to 
perform comparable functions and duties assigned by the prosecuting attorney, 
county attorney, city attorney, or Attorney General, except that
(a) the law student or graduate is subject to the conditions and restrictions 
of this rule; and
(b) the law student or graduate may not be appointed as an assistant 
prosecutor, assistant corporation counsel, assistant city attorney, or 
assistant Attorney General.

Rule 8.121 Contingent Fees in Claims or Actions for Personal Injury and 
Wrongful Death
(A) Allowable Contingent Fee Agreements. In any claim or action for personal injury 
or wrongful death based upon the alleged conduct of another or for no-fault 
benefits, in which an attorney enters into an agreement, expressed or implied, 
whereby the attorney's compensation is dependent or contingent in whole or in part 
upon successful prosecution or settlement or upon the amount of recovery, the 
receipt, retention, or sharing by such attorney, pursuant to agreement or 
otherwise, of compensation which is equal to or less than the fee stated in subrule 
(B) is deemed to be fair and reasonable. The receipt, retention, or sharing of 
compensation which is in excess of such a fee shall be deemed to be the charging 
of a "clearly excessive fee" in violation of MRPC 1.5(a), unless such fee is received 
as a result of an award of attorney fees payable pursuant to MCL 500.3148, or 
other award or sanction made pursuant to statute, court rule, or the common law.
(B) Maximum Fee. The maximum allowable fee for the claims and actions referred 
to in subrule (A) is one-third of the amount recovered.
(C) Computation.
(1) The amount referred to in subrule (B) shall be computed on the net sum 
recovered after deducting from the amount recovered all disbursements
properly chargeable to the enforcement of the claim or prosecution of the 
action. In computing the fee, the costs as taxed and any interest included in or 
upon the amount of a judgment shall be deemed part of the amount recovered.
(2) In the case of a settlement payable in installments, the amount referred to 
in subrule (B) shall be computed using the present value of the future 
payments.
(a) If an annuity contract will be used to fund the future payments, "present 
value" is the actual cost of purchasing the annuity contract. The attorney 
for the defendant must disclose to the court and the parties the amount 
paid for the annuity contract, after any rebates or other discounts. 
(b) If the defendant will make the future payments directly, "present value" 
is the amount that an entity of the same financial standing as the defendant 
would pay for an annuity contract. The court may appoint an independent 
expert to certify the "present value" as defined in this paragraph. The court 
may base its findings on the expert's testimony or affidavit. 
(D) Agreements for Lower Fees. An attorney may enter into contingent fee 
arrangements calling for less compensation than that allowed by subrule (B).
(E) Advice to Client. An attorney must advise a client, before entering into a 
contingent fee arrangement, that attorneys may be employed under other fee 
arrangements in which the attorney is compensated for the reasonable value of the 
services performed, such as on an hourly or per diem basis. The method of 
compensation used by an individual attorney remains the attorney's option, and 
this rule does not require an attorney to accept compensation in a manner other 
than that chosen by the attorney.
(F) Agreements to be in Writing. Contingent fee arrangements made by an attorney 
with a client must be in writing and a copy provided to the client.
(G) Applicability. This rule does not apply to agreements reduced to writing before 
May 3, 1975. The one-third provision of subrule (B) applies to contingent fee 
agreements entered into after July 9, 1981. Earlier agreements are subject to the 
rule in effect at the time the agreement was made.

Rule 8.122 Claims by Clients Against Attorneys
Attorneys are officers of Michigan's one court of justice and are subject to the 
summary jurisdiction of the court. The circuit court of the county in which an 
attorney resides or maintains an office has jurisdiction, on verified written 
complaint of a client, and after reasonable notice and hearing, to enter an order for 
the payment of money or for the performance of an act by the attorney which law 
and justice may require. All courts have like jurisdiction over similar complaints 
regarding matters arising from actions or proceedings in those courts.

Rule 8.123 Counsel Appointments; Procedure and Records
(A) Applicability. This rule applies to all trial courts, which means all circuit courts, 
district courts, probate courts, and municipal courts. 
(B) Plan for Appointment. Each trial court must adopt a local administrative order 
that describes the court's procedures for selecting, appointing, and compensating 
counsel who represent indigent parties in that court. 
(C) Approval by State Court Administrator. The trial court must submit the local 
administrative order to the State Court Administrator for review pursuant to MCR 
8.112(B)(3). The State Court Administrator shall approve a plan if its provisions will 
protect the integrity of the judiciary. 
(D) Required Records. At the end of each calendar year, a trial court must compile 
an annual electronic report of the total public funds paid to each attorney for 
appointments by that court. 
This subrule applies to appointments of attorneys in any capacity, regardless of 
the indigency status of the represented party. Trial courts that contract for 
services to be provided by an affiliated group of attorneys may treat the group 
as a single entity when compiling the required records.
The records required by this subrule must be retained for the period specified 
by the State Court Administrative Office`s General Schedule 16.
(E) Public Access to Records. The records must be available at the trial court for 
inspection by the public, without charge. The court may adopt reasonable access 
rules, and may charge a reasonable fee for providing copies of the records.
(F) Reports to State Court Administrator. A trial court must submit its annual 
electronic report to the state court administrator in the form specified by the state 
court administrator. When requested by the state court administrator, a trial court 
must cooperate in providing additional data on an individual attorney, judge, or 
attorney group for a period specified by the request, including the number of 
appointments by each judge, the number of appointments received by an individual 
attorney or attorney group, and the public funds paid for appointments by each 
judge.

Rule 8.125 Electronic Filing of Citation
(A) Applicability. This rule applies to all civil infraction and misdemeanor actions 
initiated by a Michigan Uniform Law Citation or a Michigan Uniform Municipal Civil 
Infraction Citation.
(B) Citation; Complaint; Filing. A citation may be filed with the court either on 
paper or electronically. The filing of a citation constitutes the filing of a complaint. 
An electronic citation must contain all the information that would be required if the 
citation were filed on paper. A citation that contains the full name of the police 
officer or authorized local official who issued it will be deemed to have been signed 
pursuant to MCL 257.727c(3), 600.8705(3), or 600.8805(3).
(C) Contested Actions. If an electronic citation is contested, the court may decline 
to hear the matter until the citation is signed and filed on paper. A citation that is 
not signed and filed on paper, when required by the court, will be dismissed with 
prejudice.

Rule 8.126 Temporary Admission to the Bar
(A) Temporary Admission. Any person who is licensed to practice law in another 
state or territory, or in the District of Columbia, of the United States of America, or 
in any foreign country, and who is not disbarred or suspended in any jurisdiction, 
and who is eligible to practice in at least one jurisdiction, may be permitted to 
appear and practice in a specific case in a court, before an administrative tribunal 
or agency, or in a specific arbitration proceeding in this state when associated with 
and on motion of an active member of the State Bar of Michigan who appears of 
record in the case.  An out-of-state attorney may appear and practice under this 
rule in no more than five cases in a 365-day period.  Permission to appear and 
practice is within the discretion of the court, administrative tribunal or agency, or 
arbitrator and may be revoked at any time for misconduct.  For purposes of this 
rule, an out-of-state attorney is one who is licensed to practice law in another state 
or territory, or in the District of Columbia, of the United States of America, or in a 
foreign country and who is not a member of the State Bar of Michigan.
(1) Procedure.
(a) Motion. An attorney seeking temporary admission must be associated 
with a Michigan attorney.  The Michigan attorney with whom the out-ofstate attorney is associated shall file with the court or administrative 
tribunal or agency an appearance and a motion that seeks permission for 
the temporary admission of the out-of-state attorney.  The motion shall be 
supported by a current certificate of good standing issued by a jurisdiction 
where the out-of-state attorney is licensed and eligible to practice and an 
affidavit of the out-of-state attorney seeking temporary admission, which 
affidavit shall verify 
(i) the jurisdictions in which the attorney is or has been licensed or has 
sought licensure;
(ii) the jurisdiction where the attorney is presently eligible to practice;
(iii) that the attorney is not disbarred, or suspended in any jurisdiction, 
and is not the subject of any pending disciplinary action, and that the 
attorney is licensed and is in good standing in all jurisdictions where 
licensed; and 
(iv) that he or she is familiar with the Michigan Rules of Professional 
Conduct, Michigan Court Rules, and the Michigan Rules of Evidence. 
The out-of-state attorney must attach to the affidavit copies of any 
disciplinary dispositions, and a copy of the acknowledgment letter supplied 
by the State Bar of Michigan showing that the required fee has been paid.  
The motion shall include an attestation of the Michigan attorney that the 
attorney has read the out-of-state attorney’s affidavit, has made a 
reasonable inquiry concerning the averments made therein, believes the 
out-of-state attorney’s representations are true, and agrees to ensure that 
the procedures of this rule are followed.  The motion shall also include the 
addresses of both attorneys.
(b) The Michigan attorney shall send a copy of the motion and supporting 
affidavit to the Attorney Grievance Commission.  Within seven days after 
receipt of the copy of the motion, the Attorney Grievance Commission must 
notify the court, administrative tribunal or agency, or arbitrator and both 
attorneys whether the out-of-state attorney has been granted permission to 
appear temporarily in Michigan within the past 365 days, and, if so, the 
number of such appearances.  No order or other writing granting permission 
to appear in a case shall be entered by a court, administrative tribunal or 
agency, or arbitrator until the notification is received from the Attorney 
Grievance Commission. 
(c) Order. Following notification by the Attorney Grievance Commission, if 
the out-of-state attorney has been granted permission to appear 
temporarily in fewer than 5 cases within the past 365 days, the court, 
administrative tribunal or agency, or arbitrator may enter an order granting 
permission to the out-of-state attorney to appear temporarily in a case.  If 
an order or other writing granting permission is entered, the court, 
administrative tribunal or agency, or arbitrator shall send a copy of the 
order or writing to the Michigan attorney, the out-of-state attorney, and the
Attorney Grievance Commission.  
(d) Fee.  In each case in which an out-of-state attorney seeks temporary 
admission in Michigan, a fee equal to the discipline and client-protection 
portions of a bar member’s annual dues must be paid.  The discipline 
portion of the fee shall be paid to the State Bar of Michigan for allocation to 
the attorney discipline system, and the client-protection portion shall be 
paid to the State Bar of Michigan for allocation to the Client Protection Fund.  
Upon receipt of payment of the fee, the State Bar of Michigan shall within 
three business days send to the out-of-state attorney an acknowledgment 
letter that the fee has been paid.
(e) By seeking permission to appear under this rule, an out-of-state 
attorney consents to the jurisdiction of Michigan’s attorney disciplinary 
system.

Subchapter 8.200 Administrative Rules Applicable in District 
Court
Rule 8.201 Allocation of Costs in Third-Class Districts
(A) Duties of Clerks of Each Third-Class Control Unit Having a Clerk.
(1) On the last day of March, June, September, and December of each year, the 
clerk of each third-class control unit having a clerk (see MCL 600.8281) shall 
determine the total number of civil and criminal cases filed during the preceding 
three months in the district and each political subdivision of the district under 
subrule (B). These figures are the total number of cases entered and 
commenced in that district and each political subdivision.
(2) The clerk shall determine the total cost of maintaining, financing, and 
operating the district court within the district.
(3) The clerk shall determine the proper share of the costs to be borne by each 
political subdivision by use of the following formula: (the number of cases 
entered and commenced in each political subdivision divided by the total 
number of cases entered and commenced in the district) multiplied by the total 
cost of maintaining, financing, and operating the district court.
(4) The clerk shall determine the proper share of the salary of the court 
reporter or recorder under MCL 600.8621(1) by use of the following formula: 
(the number of cases entered and commenced in each political subdivision 
divided by the total number of cases entered and commenced in the district) 
multiplied by the total salary of the court reporter or recorder.
(5) The clerk shall certify the figures determined under subrules (A)(3) and (4) 
to the treasurer of each political subdivision in the district. Payment by each 
political subdivision of any unpaid portion of its certified share of the cost and 
salaries is then due.
(B) Determination of Cases Entered and Commenced.
(1) In the District. The total number of cases entered and commenced in the 
district is the total number of civil and criminal cases filed in the district for the 
time period in question, excepting those cases not attributable to a specific 
political subdivision under subrules (B)(2)(b) and (B)(3)(b).
(2) In Each Political Subdivision Having a District Court Clerk. The total number 
of cases entered and commenced in each political subdivision having a district 
court clerk is the total number of civil and criminal cases filed in the political 
subdivision for the time period in question, excepting those cases involving a
filing plaintiff and one or more defendants whose residences are outside the 
political subdivision where filed.
(a) Cases in which a filing plaintiff and one or more defendants reside in the 
same political subdivision are deemed to have been entered and 
commenced in that political subdivision, even though filed elsewhere for 
purposes of MCL 600.8104.
(b) Cases in which the filing plaintiff and one or more defendants reside 
outside the political subdivision where the case was filed, but none of the 
defendants resides in the same political subdivision as the plaintiff, are to 
be disregarded for purposes of this rule and MCL 600.8104.
(3) In Each Political Subdivision Having No District Court Clerk.
(a) The total number of cases entered and commenced for the time period 
in question in each political subdivision having no district court clerk is the 
total number of civil and criminal cases in which the filing plaintiff and one 
or more defendants reside in the political subdivision, no matter where the 
case is filed.
(b) If more than one political subdivision qualifies under subrule (B)(3)(a), 
all are credited with one case for purposes of this rule and MCL 600.8104.

Rule 8.202 Payment of Assigned Attorneys and Transcript Costs
(A) Misdemeanor Cases. The political subdivision or subdivisions responsible for 
maintaining, financing, and operating the appointing court are responsible for 
paying assigned attorneys, regardless of whether the defendant is charged with 
violating a state law or an ordinance, and regardless of whether a fine or costs are 
actually assessed. If a county board of commissioners has taken or takes formal 
action to relieve cities or townships of part or all of the cost of paying assigned 
attorneys, that formal action shall control the payment of assigned attorneys in that 
county.
(B) Appeals. If an indigent defendant appealing to circuit court from a district or 
municipal court conviction is entitled to an assigned attorney or a transcript, the 
cost shall be paid by the same political subdivision or divisions that were 
responsible for or would have been responsible for paying an assigned attorney 
under subrule (A).

Rule 8.203 Records and Entries Kept by Clerk
The clerk of every district court shall maintain court records and make reports as 
prescribed by MCR 8.119.

Rule 8.204 Bonds for Clerks, Deputies, Magistrates, and Official Process 
Servers
All clerks, deputy clerks, magistrates, and official process servers of the district 
court must file with the chief judge a bond approved by the chief judge in a penal 
sum determined by the state court administrator, conditioned that the officer will
(1) perform the duties as clerk, deputy clerk, magistrate, or process server of 
that court; and
(2) account for and pay over all money which may be received by the officer to 
the person or persons lawfully entitled.
The bonds must be in favor of the court and the state.

Rule 8.205 Magistrates
The court shall provide the name, address, and telephone number of each 
magistrate to the clerk of the district court for the district in which the magistrate 
serves.

Subchapter 8.300 Administrative Rules Applicable in Probate 
Court
Rule 8.301 Powers of Register of Probate, Deputy Registers, and Clerks
(A) Judicial Responsibility. The judges of probate are responsible for the direction 
and supervision of the registers of probate, deputy registers of probate, probate 
clerks, and other personnel employed by the court to assist in the work of the 
court.
(B) Entry of Order Specifying Authority.
(1) To the extent authorized by the chief judge of a probate court by a general 
order, the probate register, the deputy probate register, the clerks of the 
probate court, and other court employees designated in the order, have the 
authority, until the further order of the court, to do all acts required of the 
probate judge except judicial acts in a contested matter and acts forbidden by 
law to be performed by the probate register.
(2) The order of the chief judge may refer to the power
(a) to set the time and place for hearings in all matters; take 
acknowledgements; administer oaths; sign notices to fiduciaries, attorneys, 
and sureties; sign citations and subpoenas; conduct conferences with 
fiduciaries required to ensure prompt administration of estates; and take 
testimony as provided by law or court rule; and
(b) to sign or by device indicate the name of a judge to all orders and 
letters of authority of the court, with the same force and effect as though 
the judge had signed them. In all such cases, the register or the designated 
deputy must place his or her initials under the name of the judge.
(C) Statutory Authority. In addition to the powers which may be granted by order 
of the chief judge, the probate registers and deputy registers have the authority 
granted by statute and may take acknowledgments to the same extent as a notary 
public.

Rule 8.302 Documents and Files
Original orders and letters of authority, after being recorded, must be placed in the 
files of the court. For security purposes, testamentary documents of deceased 
persons, bonds, orders, and such other documents as the court directs must be 
copied by microfilming or other means promptly after filing or issuance and 
preserved in the records of the court separately from the files. In addition, the clerk 
of every probate court shall maintain court records and make reports as prescribed 
by MCR 8.119.