US Supreme Court Rules (Parts VI to VIII)

Rule 24. Briefs on the Merits: In General
1.  A  brief  on  the  merits  for  a  petitioner  or  an  appellant shall comply in all respects with Rules 33.1 and 34 and shall 
contain in the order here indicated: 
(a)  The questions presented for review under Rule 14.1(a).  The questions shall be set out on the first page following the 
cover,  and  no  other  information  may  appear  on  that  page.  The phrasing of  the questions presented need not be identi­
cal  with  that  in  the  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  or  the jurisdictional  statement,  but  the  brief  may  not  raise  addi­
tional  questions  or  change  the  substance  of  the  questions already  presented  in  those  documents.  At  its  option,  how­
ever,  the  Court  may  consider  a  plain  error  not  among  the questions  presented  but  evident  from  the  record  and  other­
wise within its  jurisdiction to decide. 
(b)  A  list  of  all  parties  to  the  proceeding  in  the  court whose  judgment  is  under  review  (unless  the  caption  of  the 
case  in  this  Court  contains  the  names  of  all  parties).  Any amended corporate disclosure statement as required by Rule 
29.6 shall be placed here. 
(c)  If the brief exceeds five pages, a table of contents and a table of cited authorities. 
(d)  Citations  of  the  official  and  unofficial  reports  of  the opinions and orders entered in the case by courts and admin­
istrative agencies. 
(e)  A concise statement of the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, including the statutory provisions and time factors on 
which  jurisdiction rests. 
(f )  The  constitutional  provisions,  treaties,  statutes,  ordi­nances,  and  regulations involved in  the  case,  set  out  verba­
tim with appropriate citation.  If the provisions involved are lengthy,  their  citation  alone  suffices  at  this  point,  and  their 
pertinent  text,  if  not  already  set  out  in  the  petition  for  a writ of certiorari, jurisdictional statement, or an appendix to 
either document, shall be set out in an appendix to the brief. 
(g)  A  concise  statement  of  the  case,  setting  out  the  facts material  to  the  consideration  of  the  questions  presented, 
with appropriate references to the joint appendix, e. g., App. 12, or to the record, e. g., Record 12. 
(h)  A  summary  of  the  argument,  suitably  paragraphed. The  summary  should  be  a  clear  and  concise  condensation  of 
the argument made in the body of the brief; mere repetition of  the  headings  under  which  the  argument  is  arranged  is 
not sufficient. 
(i)  The argument, exhibiting clearly the points of fact and of law  presented  and  citing  the  authorities  and  statutes  re­
lied on. 
( j)  A  conclusion  specifying  with  particularity  the  relief  the party seeks. 
2.  A  brief  on  the  merits  for  a  respondent  or  an  appellee shall  conform  to  the  foregoing  requirements,  except  that 
items required by subparagraphs 1(a), (b), (d), (e), (f ), and (g) of  this  Rule  need  not  be  included  unless  the  respondent  or 
appellee is dissatisfied with their presentation by the oppos­ing party. 
3.  A  brief  on  the merits may not  exceed  the word limita­tions specified in Rule  33.1(g).  An  appendix  to  a  brief may 
include only relevant material, and counsel are cautioned not to include in  an  appendix  arguments  or  citations  that  prop­
erly belong in the body of the brief. 
4.  A  reply  brief  shall  conform  to  those  portions  of  this Rule applicable  to the brief  for a respondent or  an appellee, 
but,  if  appropriately  divided  by  topical  headings,  need  not contain a summary of the argument. 
5.  A  reference  to  the  joint  appendix  or  to  the  record  set out in any brief shall indicate  the  appropriate page number. 
If the reference is to an exhibit, the page numbers at which the exhibit appears, at which it was offered in evidence, and 
at which it was ruled on by the judge shall be indicated, e. g., Pl. Exh. 14, Record 199, 2134. 
6.  A brief shall be concise, logically arranged with proper headings,  and  free  of  irrelevant,  immaterial,  or  scandalous 
matter.  The Court may disregard or strike a brief that does not comply with this paragraph. 

Rule 25. Briefs on the Merits: Number of Copies andTime to File
1.  The  petitioner  or  appellant  shall  file  40  copies  of  the brief on the merits within 45 days of the order granting the 
writ of certiorari, noting probable jurisdiction, or postponing consideration  of  jurisdiction.  Any  respondent  or  appellee 
who supports the petitioner or appellant shall meet the peti­tioner’s or appellant’s time schedule  for filing documents. 
2.  The  respondent  or  appellee  shall  file  40  copies  of  the brief  on  the  merits  within  30  days  after  the  brief  for  the 
petitioner or appellant is filed. 
3.  The  petitioner  or  appellant  shall  file  40  copies  of  the reply  brief, if  any, within  30  days  after  the  brief  for  the  re­
spondent  or  appellee is  filed,  but  any  reply  brief must  actu­ally be received by the Clerk not later than 2 p.m. one week 
before the date of oral argument.  Any respondent or appel­lee  supporting  the  petitioner  or  appellant  may  file  a  reply 
4.  If  cross-petitions  or  cross-appeals  have  been  consoli­dated  for  argument,  the  Clerk,  upon  request  of  the  parties, 
may  designate  one  of  the  parties  to  file  an  initial  brief  and reply  brief  as  provided  in  paragraphs  1  and  3  of  this  Rule 
(as if the party were petitioner or appellant), and may desig­nate  the  other  party  to  file  an  initial  brief  as  provided  in 
paragraph  2  of  this  Rule  and,  to  the  extent  appropriate,  a supplemental  brief  following  the  submission  of  the  reply 
brief.  In  such  a  case,  the  Clerk may  establish  the  time  for the submission of the briefs and alter the otherwise applica­
ble word limits.  Except as approved by the Court or a Jus­tice,  the  total  number  of  words  permitted  for  the  briefs  of 
the parties cumulatively shall not exceed the maximum that would  have  been  allowed  in  the  absence  of  an  order  under 
this paragraph.
5.  The time periods stated in paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of this Rule may be  extended as provided in Rule 30.  An applica­
tion  to  extend  the  time  to  file  a  brief  on  the  merits  is  not favored.  If  a  case  is  advanced  for  hearing,  the  time  to  file 
briefs  on  the  merits  may  be  abridged  as  circumstances  re­quire pursuant to an order of the Court on its own motion or 
that of a party. 
6.  A  party  wishing  to  present  late  authorities,  newly enacted legislation, or other intervening matter that was not 
available in  time  to  be included in  a brief may file  40 copies of  a  supplemental  brief,  restricted  to  such  new  matter  and 
otherwise  presented  in  conformity  with  these  Rules,  up  to the  time  the  case is  called  for  oral  argument  or  by leave  of 
the Court thereafter. 
7.  After  a  case  has  been  argued  or  submitted,  the  Clerk will not file any brief, except that of a party filed by leave of 
the Court. 
8.  The Clerk will not file any brief that is not accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29. 
9.  An electronic version of every brief on the merits shall be transmitted to the Clerk of Court and to opposing counsel 
of  record  at  the  time  the  brief  is  filed  in  accordance  with guidelines  established  by  the  Clerk.  The  electronic  trans­
mission  requirement  is  in  addition  to  the  requirement  that booklet-format briefs be timely filed. 

Rule 26. Joint Appendix
1.  Unless the Clerk has allowed the parties to use the de­ferred  method  described  in  paragraph  4  of  this  Rule,  the 
petitioner  or  appellant,  within  45  days  after  entry  of  the order  granting  the  writ  of  certiorari,  noting  probable  juris­
diction,  or  postponing consideration  of  jurisdiction,  shall file 40  copies  of  a  joint  appendix,  prepared  as  required  by Rule 
33.1.  The  joint  appendix  shall  contain:  (1)  the  relevant docket entries in all the courts below; (2) any relevant plead­
ings,  jury instructions,  findings,  conclusions,  or  opinions;  (3) the  judgment,  order,  or  decision  under  review;  and  (4)  any 
other parts of the record that the parties particularly wish tobring  to  the  Court’s  attention.  Any  of  the  foregoing items 
already  reproduced in  a  petition  for  a writ  of  certiorari,  ju­risdictional  statement, brief in  opposition  to  a  petition  for  a 
writ of certiorari, motion to dismiss or affirm, or any appen­dix to the  foregoing, that was prepared as required by Rule 
33.1,  need  not  be  reproduced  again  in  the  joint  appendix.  The  petitioner  or  appellant  shall  serve  three  copies  of  the 
joint appendix on each of the other parties to the proceeding as required by Rule 29. 
2.  The parties are encouraged to agree on the contents of the  joint  appendix.  In  the  absence  of  agreement,  the  peti­
tioner  or  appellant,  within  10  days  after  entry  of  the  order granting  the writ  of  certiorari,  noting  probable  jurisdiction, 
or postponing consideration of jurisdiction, shall serve on the respondent  or  appellee  a  designation  of  parts  of  the  record 
to  be  included  in  the  joint  appendix.  Within  10  days  after receiving the designation, a respondent or appellee who con­
siders the parts of the record so designated insufficient shall serve  on  the  petitioner  or  appellant  a  designation  of  add-i­
tional  parts  to  be  included  in  the  joint  appendix,  and  the petitioner or appellant shall include the parts so designated. 
If  the  Court  has  permitted  the  respondent  or  appellee  to proceed  in forma pauperis, the  petitioner  or  appellant may 
seek  by motion  to  be  excused  from  printing  portions  of  the record the petitioner or appellant considers unnecessary.  In 
making these designations, counsel should include only those materials  the  Court  should  examine;  unnecessary  designa­
tions should be avoided.  The record is on file with the Clerk and available to the Justices, and counsel may refer in briefs 
and in  oral  argument  to  relevant  portions  of  the  record  not included in the  joint appendix. 
3.  When the joint appendix is filed, the petitioner or appel­lant immediately shall file with the Clerk a statement of the 
cost of printing 50 copies and shall serve a copy of the state­ment  on  each  of  the  other  parties  as  required  by  Rule  29. 
Unless  the  parties  agree  otherwise,  the  cost  of  producing the joint appendix shall be paid initially by the petitioner or 
appellant;  but  a  petitioner  or  appellant  who  considers  that parts of the record designated by the respondent or appellee 
are  unnecessary  for  the  determination  of  the  issues  pre­sented  may  so  advise  the  respondent  or  appellee,  who  then 
shall advance the cost of printing the additional parts, unless the Court or a Justice otherwise fixes the initial allocation of 
the costs. The cost of printing the joint appendix is taxed as a cost in the case, but if a party unnecessarily causes matter 
to be included in the  joint appendix or prints excessive cop­ies, the Court may impose these costs on that party. 
4.  (a)  On the parties’ request, the Clerk may allow prepa­ration  of  the  joint  appendix  to  be  deferred  until  after  the 
briefs  have  been  filed.  In  that  event,  the  petitioner  or  ap­pellant  shall  file  the  joint  appendix  no  more  than  14  days 
after receiving the brief for the respondent or appellee.  The provisions  of  paragraphs  1,  2,  and  3  of  this  Rule  shall  be 
followed,  except  that  the  designations  referred  to  therein shall  be  made  by  each  party  when  that  party’s  brief  is 
served.  Deferral of the  joint appendix is not  favored. (b)  If the deferred method is used, the briefs on the merits 
may  refer  to  the  pages  of  the  record.  In  that  event,  the joint appendix shall include in brackets on each page thereof 
the  page  number  of  the  record where  that material may  be found.  A party wishing to refer directly to the pages of the 
joint appendix may serve and file copies of its brief prepared as  required  by  Rule  33.2  within  the  time  provided  by  Rule 
25,  with  appropriate  references  to  the  pages  of  the  record. In that event, within 10 days after the joint appendix is filed, 
copies of the brief prepared as required by Rule 33.1 contain­ing references to the pages of the  joint appendix in place of, 
or  in  addition  to,  the  initial  references  to  the  pages  of  the record,  shall  be  served  and  filed.  No  other  change  may  be 
made  in  the  brief  as  initially  served  and  filed,  except  that typographical errors may be corrected. 
5.  The  joint  appendix  shall  be  prefaced  by  a  table  of  con­tents showing the parts of the record that it contains, in the 
order in which  the  parts  are  set  out, with  references  to  the pages of the joint appendix at which each part begins.  The 
relevant  docket  entries  shall  be  set  out  after  the  table  ofcontents, followed by the other parts of the record in chrono­
logical  order.  When  testimony  contained  in  the  reporter’s transcript of proceedings is set out in the joint appendix, the 
page  of  the  transcript  at which  the  testimony  appears  shall be  indicated  in  brackets  immediately  before  the  statement 
that is set  out.  Omissions in  the  transcript  or in  any  other document printed in the joint appendix shall be indicated by 
asterisks.  Immaterial  formal  matters  (e. g., captions,  sub­scriptions,  acknowledgments)  shall  be  omitted.  A  question 
and its answer may be contained in a single paragraph. 
6.  Two lines must appear at the bottom of the cover of the joint  appendix:  (1)  The  first  line  must  indicate  the  date  the 
petition  for  the  writ  of  certiorari  was  filed  or  the  date  the appeal  was  docketed;  (2)  the  second  line  must  indicate  the 
date  certiorari  was  granted  or  the  date  jurisdiction  of  the appeal was noted or postponed. 
7.  Exhibits  designated  for inclusion  in  the  joint  appendix may  be  contained in  a  separate  volume  or  volumes  suitably 
indexed.  The transcript of a proceeding before an adminis­trative agency, board, commission, or officer used in an action 
in  a  district  court  or  court  of  appeals is  regarded  as  an  ex­hibit  for the purposes of this paragraph. 
8.  The  Court,  on  its  own  motion  or  that  of  a  party,  may dispense  with  the  requirement  of  a  joint  appendix  and may 
permit  a  case  to  be  heard  on  the  original  record  (with  such copies  of  the  record,  or  relevant  parts  thereof,  as  the Court 
may  require)  or  on  the  appendix  used in  the  court  below, if it conforms to the requirements of this Rule. 
9.  For  good  cause,  the  time  limits  specified  in  this  Rule may be shortened  or  extended by the Court  or  a  Justice,  or 
by the Clerk under Rule 30.4.
Rule 27. Calendar
1.  From time to time, the Clerk will prepare a calendar of cases  ready  for  argument.  A  case  ordinarily  will  not  be 
called  for  argument  less  than  two  weeks  after  the  brief  on the merits  for the respondent or appellee is due.
2.  The  Clerk  will  advise  counsel  when  they  are  required to  appear  for  oral  argument  and  will  publish  a  hearing  list 
in  advance  of  each  argument  session  for  the  convenience  of counsel and the information of the public. 
3.  The  Court,  on  its  own  motion  or  that  of  a  party,  may order  that  two  or more  cases involving  the  same  or  related 
questions  be  argued  together  as  one  case  or  on  such  other terms as the Court may prescribe. 

Rule 28. Oral Argument
1.  Oral argument should emphasize and clarify the written arguments  in  the  briefs  on  the  merits.  Counsel  should  as­
sume that all Justices have read the briefs before oral argu­ment.  Oral  argument  read  from  a  prepared  text  is  not 
2.  The petitioner or appellant shall open and may conclude the  argument.  A  cross-writ  of  certiorari  or  cross-appeal 
will be argued with the initial writ of certiorari or appeal as one case in the time allowed for that one case, and the Court 
will advise the parties who shall open and close. 
3.  Unless the Court directs otherwise, each side is allowed one-half hour  for  argument.  Counsel is not required  to use 
all  the  allotted  time.  Any  request  for  additional  time  to argue shall be presented by motion under Rule 21 in time to 
be considered at a scheduled Conference prior to the date of oral argument and no later than 7 days after the respondent’s 
or  appellee’s  brief  on  the  merits  is  filed,  and  shall  set  out specifically  and  concisely  why  the  case  cannot  be  presented 
within  the  half-hour  limitation.  Additional  time  is  rarely accorded. 
4.  Only one attorney will be heard for each side, except by leave  of  the  Court  on  motion  filed  in  time  to  be  considered 
at a scheduled Conference prior to the date of oral argument and no later than 7 days after the respondent’s or appellee’s 
brief  on  the  merits  is  filed.  Any  request  for  divided  argu­ment  shall  be  presented  by motion  under  Rule  21  and  shall 
set out specifically and concisely why more than one attorneyshould  be  allowed  to  argue.  Divided  argument  is  not 
5.  Regardless  of  the  number  of  counsel  participating  in oral  argument,  counsel  making  the  opening  argument  shall 
present the case fairly and completely and not reserve points of substance  for rebuttal. 
6.  Oral  argument  will  not  be  allowed  on  behalf  of  any party  for whom a brief has not been filed. 
7.  By  leave  of  the  Court,  and  subject  to  paragraph  4  of this Rule, counsel for an amicus curiae whose brief has been 
filed  as provided in Rule  37 may  argue  orally  on  the  side  of a  party,  with  the  consent  of  that  party.  In  the  absence  of 
consent, counsel for an amicus curiae may seek leave of the Court to argue orally by a motion setting out specifically and 
concisely why oral argument would provide assistance to the Court  not  otherwise  available.  Such  a  motion  will  be 
granted only in the most extraordinary circumstances. 

Rule 29. Filing and Service of Documents; Special Notifications; Corporate Listing
1.  Any document required or permitted to be presented to the Court or to a Justice shall be filed with the Clerk. 
2.  A document is timely filed if it is received by the Clerk within the time specified for filing; or if it is sent to the Clerk 
through  the United States Postal Service  by first-class mail (including  express  or  priority  mail),  postage  prepaid,  and 
bears  a  postmark,  other  than  a  commercial  postage  meter label,  showing  that  the  document  was  mailed  on  or  before 
the  last  day  for  filing;  or  if  it  is  delivered  on  or  before  the last  day  for  filing  to  a  third-party  commercial  carrier  for 
delivery  to  the  Clerk within  3  calendar  days.  If  submitted by an inmate confined in an institution, a document is timely 
filed if it is deposited in the institution’s internal mail system on  or  before  the last  day  for  filing  and is  accompanied  by  a 
notarized  statement  or  declaration  in  compliance  with  28 U. S. C. § 1746 setting out the date of deposit and stating that
first-class  postage  has  been  prepaid.  If  the  postmark  is missing  or  not legible,  or if  the  third-party  commercial  car­
rier does not provide the date the document was received by the  carrier,  the  Clerk  will  require  the  person  who  sent  the 
document  to  submit  a  notarized  statement  or  declaration in compliance  with  28  U. S. C.  § 1746  setting  out  the  details  of 
the filing and stating that the filing took place on a particular date within the permitted time. 
3.  Any  document  required  by  these  Rules  to  be  served may  be  served  personally,  by  mail,  or  by  third-party  com­
mercial  carrier  for  delivery  within  3  calendar  days  on  each party  to  the  proceeding  at  or  before  the  time  of  filing.  If 
the  document  has  been  prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.1, three  copies  shall  be  served  on  each  other  party  separately 
represented  in  the  proceeding.  If  the  document  has  been prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.2,  service  of  a  single  copy 
on each other separately represented party suffices.  If per­sonal service is made, it shall consist of delivery at the office 
of the counsel of record, either to counsel or to an employee therein.  If service is by mail or third-party commercial car­
rier,  it  shall  consist  of  depositing  the  document  with  the United  States  Postal  Service,  with  no  less  than  first-class 
postage  prepaid,  or  delivery  to  the  carrier  for  delivery within 3 calendar days, addressed to counsel of record at the 
proper  address.  When  a  party is  not  represented  by  coun­sel,  service  shall  be  made  on  the  party,  personally,  by  mail, 
or  by  commercial  carrier.  Ordinarily,  service  on  a  party must  be  by  a manner  at least  as  expeditious  as  the manner 
used to file the document with the Court. 
4.  (a)  If  the United States  or  any  federal  department,  of­fice, agency, officer, or employee is a party to be served, service­
 shall  be  made  on  the  Solicitor  General  of  the  United States, Room 5614, Department of Justice, 950 Pennsylvania 
Ave., N. W., Washington, DC  20530-0001.  When an agency of  the United  States  that is  a  party is  authorized  by law  to 
appear before this Court on its own behalf, or when an officer or employee of the United States is a party, the agency, offi­
cer,  or  employee  shall  be  served in  addition  to  the  Solicitor General. 
(b)  In any proceeding in this Court in which the constitu­tionality  of  an  Act  of  Congress  is  drawn  into  question,  and 
neither the United States nor any federal department, office, agency,  officer,  or  employee  is  a  party,  the  initial  document 
filed in  this  Court  shall  recite  that  28 U. S. C.  § 2403(a) may apply  and  shall  be  served  on  the  Solicitor  General  of  the 
United States, Room 5614, Department of Justice, 950 Penn­sylvania Ave., N. W., Washington, DC  20530-0001.  In such 
a proceeding from any court of the United States, as defined by  28  U. S. C.  § 451,  the  initial  document  also  shall  state 
whether  that  court,  pursuant  to  28  U. S. C.  § 2403(a), certified  to  the Attorney General  the  fact  that  the  constitu­
tionality  of  an  Act  of  Congress  was  drawn  into  question. See Rule 14.1(e)(v). 
(c)  In  any proceeding in  this Court in which  the constitu­tionality of any statute of a State is drawn into question, and 
neither the State nor any agency, officer, or employee thereof  is a party, the initial document filed in this Court shall recite 
that  28  U. S. C.  § 2403(b)  may  apply  and  shall  be  served  on the  Attorney  General  of  that  State.  In  such  a  proceeding 
from any court of the United States, as defined by 28 U. S. C. § 451,  the  initial  document  also  shall  state  whether  that 
court, pursuant to 28 U. S. C. § 2403(b), certified to the State Attorney General the fact that the constitutionality of a stat­
ute  of  that  State  was  drawn  into  question.  See  Rule 14.1(e)(v). 
5.  Proof  of  service,  when  required  by  these  Rules,  shall accompany  the  document  when  it  is  presented  to  the  Clerk 
for  filing  and  shall  be  separate  from  it.  Proof  of  service shall contain, or be accompanied by, a statement that all par­
ties  required  to  be  served  have  been  served,  together  with a  list  of  the  names,  addresses,  and  telephone  numbers  of 
counsel  indicating  the  name  of  the  party  or  parties  each counsel represents.  It is not necessary that service on each 
party required to be served be made in the same manner of evidenced  by  the  same  proof.  Proof  of  service may  consist 
of any one of the  following: 
(a)  an  acknowledgment  of  service,  signed  by  counsel  of 
record  for  the  party  served,  and  bearing  the  address  and telephone number of such counsel; 
(b)  a  certificate  of  service,  reciting  the  facts  and  circum­stances  of  service  in  compliance  with  the  appropriate  para­
graph  or  paragraphs  of  this  Rule,  and  signed  by  a  member of  the  Bar  of  this  Court  representing  the  party  on  whose 
behalf service is made or by an attorney appointed to repre­sent that party under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, see 18 
U. S. C.  § 3006A(d)(6),  or  under  any  other  applicable  federal statute; or 
(c)  a  notarized  affidavit  or  declaration in  compliance with 28  U. S. C.  § 1746,  reciting  the  facts  and  circumstances  of 
service  in  accordance  with  the  appropriate  paragraph  or paragraphs  of  this  Rule,  whenever  service  is  made  by  any 
person  not  a  member  of  the  Bar  of  this  Court  and  not  an attorney appointed to represent a party under the Criminal 
Justice  Act  of  1964,  see  18  U. S. C.  § 3006A(d)(6),  or  under any other applicable  federal statute. 
6.  Every document, except a joint appendix or amicus cu­r iae brief, filed by or on behalf of a nongovernmental corpo­
ration  shall  contain  a  corporate  disclosure  statement identi­fying  the  parent  corporations  and  listing  any  publicly  held 
company  that  owns  10%  or  more  of  the  corporation’s  stock. If  there  is  no  parent  or  publicly  held  company  owning  10% 
or  more  of  the  corporation’s  stock,  a  notation  to  this  effect shall be included in the document.  If a statement has been 
included  in  a  document  filed  earlier  in  the  case,  reference may be made to the earlier document  (except when the ear­
lier statement appeared in a document prepared under Rule 33.2), and only amendments to the statement to make it cur­
rent need be included in the document being filed. 

Rule 30. Computation and Extension of Time
1.  In  the computation  of any period of  time prescribed  or allowed by these Rules, by order of the Court, or by an appli­
cable statute, the day of the act, event, or default from which the  designated  period  begins  to  run  is  not  included.  The 
last day of  the period shall be included, unless it is  a Satur­day,  Sunday,  federal  legal  holiday  listed in  5  U. S. C.  § 6103, 
or day on which the Court building is closed by order of the Court  or  the  Chief  Justice,  in  which  event  the  period  shall 
extend  until  the  end  of  the  next  day  that is  not  a Saturday, Sunday,  federal  legal  holiday,  or  day  on  which  the  Court 
building is closed. 
2.  Whenever  a  Justice  or  the  Clerk is  empowered  by law or  these  Rules  to  extend  the  time  to  file  any  document,  an 
application seeking an extension shall be filed within the pe­riod  sought  to  be  extended.  An  application  to  extend  the 
time to file a petition for a writ of certiorari or to file a juris­dictional statement must be filed at least 10 days before the 
specified  final  filing  date  as  computed  under  these  Rules;  if filed less than 10 days before the final filing date, such appli­-
cation will  not be  granted  except in  the most  extraordinary circumstances. 
3.  An application to extend the time to file a petition for a writ  of  certiorari,  to  file  a  jurisdictional  statement,  to  file  a 
reply  brief  on  the  merits,  or  to  file  a  petition  for  rehearing shall  be  made  to  an  individual  Justice  and  presented  and 
served  on  all  other  parties  as  provided  by  Rule  22.  Once denied, such an application may not be renewed. 
4.  An  application  to  extend  the  time  to  file  any document or  paper  other  than  those  specified  in  paragraph  3  of  this 
Rule  may  be  presented in  the  form  of  a letter  to  the  Clerk setting out specific reasons why an extension of time is justi­
fied.  The  letter  shall  be  served  on  all  other  parties  as  re­quired by Rule 29.  The application may be acted on by the 
Clerk  in  the  first  instance,  and  any  party  aggrieved  by  the Clerk’s action may request that the application be submitted 
to  a  Justice  or  to  the  Court.  The  Clerk  will  report  action under this paragraph to the Court as instructed. 

Rule 31. Translations
Whenever any record to be transmitted to this Court con­tains material written in a foreign language without a trans­
lation  made  under  the  authority  of  the  lower  court,  or  ad­mitted  to  be correct,  the  clerk  of  the court  transmitting  the 
record  shall  advise  the  Clerk  of  this  Court  immediately  so that this Court may order that a translation be supplied and, 
if necessary, printed as part of the  joint appendix. 

Rule 32. Models, Diagrams, Exhibits, and Lodgings
1.  Models, diagrams, and exhibits of material forming part of the evidence taken in a case and brought to this Court for 
its inspection  shall  be  placed in  the  custody  of  the  Clerk  at least two weeks before the case is to be heard or submitted. 
2.  All  models,  diagrams,  exhibits,  and  other  items  placed in  the  custody  of  the  Clerk  shall  be  removed  by  the  parties 
no  more  than  40  days  after  the  case  is  decided.  If  this  is not done, the Clerk will notify counsel to remove the articles 
forthwith.  If  they  are  not  removed  within  a  reasonable time  thereafter,  the  Clerk  will  destroy  them  or  dispose  of 
them in any other appropriate way. 
3.  Any party  or amicus curiae desiring  to lodge  non-rec­ord material with  the Clerk must set  out in  a letter,  served 
on all parties, a description of the material proposed for lodg­ing  and  the reasons why  the  non-record material may prop­
erly be considered by the Court.  The material proposed for lodging may not be submitted until and unless requested by 
the Clerk. 

Rule 33. Document Preparation: Booklet Format; 8 1/2­ by 11-Inch Paper Format
1.  Booklet Format: (a)  Except  for  a  document  expressly permitted by these Rules to be submitted on 81/2- by 11-inch 
paper,  see,  e. g., Rules  21,  22,  and  39,  every  document  filed with the Court shall be prepared in a 6 1/8- by  9
1/4-inch booklet format using a standard typesetting process (e. g., hot metal, photo composition,  or  computer  type setting)  to  produce  text printed in typographic (as opposed to typewriter) characters.  The process used must produce a clear, black image on white 
paper.  The  text  must  be  reproduced  with  a  clarity  that equals or exceeds the output of a laser printer. 
(b)  The  text  of  every  booklet-format  document,  including any  appendix  thereto,  shall  be  typeset  in  a  Century  family 
(e. g., Century Expanded, New Century Schoolbook, or Cen­tury Schoolbook) 12-point type with 2-point or more leading 
between  lines.  Quotations  in  excess  of  50  words  shall  be indented.  The  typeface  of  footnotes  shall  be  10-point  type 
with 2-point or more leading between lines.  The text of the document must appear on both sides of the page. 
(c)  Every  booklet-format  document  shall  be  produced  on paper  that is  opaque,  unglazed,  and  not less  than  60  pounds 
in weight, and shall have margins of at least three-fourths of an inch on all sides.  The text field, including footnotes, may 
not exceed 4 1/8  by 7 1/8  inches.  The document shall be bound firmly  in  at  least  two  places  along  the  left  margin  (saddle 
stitch  or  perfect  binding  preferred)  so  as  to  permit  easy opening,  and  no  part  of  the  text  should  be  obscured  by  the 
binding.  Spiral,  plastic,  metal,  or  string  bindings  may  not be used.  Copies of patent documents, except opinions, may 
be  duplicated  in  such  size  as  is  necessary  in  a  separate appendix. 
(d)  Every booklet-format  document shall comply with  the word limits shown  on the chart in subparagraph  1(g) of this 
Rule.  The  word  limits  do  not  include  the  questions  pre­sented, the list of parties and the corporate disclosure state­
ment, the table of contents, the table of cited authorities, the 
listing  of  counsel  at  the  end  of  the  document,  or  any  appen­dix.  The  word  limits  include  footnotes.  Verbatim  quota­
tions  required  under  Rule  14.1(f ), if  set  out in  the  text  of  a brief  rather  than  in  the  appendix,  are  also  excluded.  For 
good  cause,  the Court  or  a  Justice may  grant leave  to  file  a document  in  excess  of  the  word  limits,  but  application  for 
such  leave  is  not  favored.  An  application  to  exceed  word limits shall comply with Rule 22 and must be received by the
Clerk at least 15 days before the filing date of the document in question, except in the most extraordinary circumstances. 
(e)  Every  booklet-format  document  shall  have  a  suitable cover  consisting  of  65-pound weight  paper in  the  color indi­
cated  on  the  chart  in  subparagraph  1(g)  of  this  Rule.  If  a separate  appendix  to  any  document  is  filed,  the  color  of  its 
cover shall be the same as that of the cover of the document it  supports.  The  Clerk  will  furnish  a  color  chart  upon  re­
quest.  Counsel shall ensure that there is adequate contrast between  the  printing  and  the  color  of  the  cover.  A  docu­
ment  filed  by  the  United  States,  or  by  any  other  federal party represented by the Solicitor General, shall have a gray 
cover.  A  joint  appendix,  answer  to  a  bill  of  complaint, mo­tion for leave to intervene, and any other document not listed 
in subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule shall have a tan cover. 
(f )  Forty copies of a booklet-format document shall be filed. 
(g)  Word limits  and  cover  colors  for  booklet-format  docu­ments are as  follows: 
Type of Document
(i) Petition for a Writ of Certiorari (Rule 14); Mo­tion  for  Leave  to File  a Bill  of  Complaint  and 
Brief  in  Support  (Rule  17.3);  Jurisdictional Statement (Rule 18.3); Petition for an Extraor­
dinary Writ  (Rule 20.2)   (9000 words---White cover)
(ii) Brief in Opposition  (Rule  15.3); Brief in Oppo­sition  to Motion  for  Leave  to  File  an  Original 
Action (Rule 17.5); Motion to Dismiss or Affirm (Rule  18.6);  Brief  in  Opposition  to  Mandamus 
or Prohibition (Rule 20.3(b)); Response to a Pe­tition  for Habeas Corpus  (Rule 20.4)  (9000 words-----orange cover)
(iii)  Reply  to  Brief  in  Opposition  (Rules  15.6  and 17.5);  Brief  Opposing  a  Motion  to  Dismiss  or 
Affirm  (Rule 18.8)  (3000 words---tan cover)
(iv)  Supplemental  Brief  (Rules  15.8,  17,  18.10,  and 25.5)  (3000 words---tan cover)
(v) Brief on the Merits for Petitioner or Appellant (Rule 24); Exceptions by Plaintiff to Report of 
Special Master  (Rule 17)  (15000 words----light blue cover)
(vi) Brief  on  the Merits  for Respondent  or Appel­lee  (Rule  24.2);  Brief  on  the  Merits  for  Re­spondent or Appellee Supporting Petitioner or Appellant  (Rule  12.6);  Exceptions  by  Party Other Than Plaintiff to Report of Special Master­
 (Rule 17)  (15000 words----light red cover)
(vii)  Reply Brief on the Merits  (Rule 24.4) (6000 words---yellow cover)
(viii)  Reply  to  Plaintiff ’s Exceptions  to  Report  of Special Master  (Rule 17) (15000 words----orange cover)
(ix)  Reply to  Exceptions  by  Party  Other  Than Plaintiff to Report of Special Master  (Rule 17) (15000 words---yellow cover)
(x) Brief  for  an  Amicus Curiae at  the  Petition Stage  or  pertaining  to  a  Motion  for  Leave  to file a Bill of Complaint  (Rule 37.2) (10000 words---cream cover)
(xi) Brief  for  an Amicus Curiae in Support  of  the Plaintiff,  Petitioner,  or  Appellant,  or  in  Support­
of  Neither  Party,  on  the  Merits  or  in  an Original  Action  at  the  Exceptions  Stage (Rule 37.3) (9000 words---light green cover)
(xii) Brief  for  an Amicus Curiae in Support  of  the Defendant,  Respondent,  or  Appellee,  on  the 
Merits  or in  an  Original Action  at  the  Excep­tions Stage  (Rule 37.3) (9000 words---dark green cover)
(xiii) Petition  for Rehearing  (Rule 44)  (3000 words---tan cover)
(h)  A document prepared under Rule 33.1 must be accom­panied  by  a  certificate  signed  by  the  attorney,  the  unrepre­
sented  party,  or  the  preparer  of  the  document  stating  that the  brief  complies  with  the  word  limitations.  The  person 
preparing  the  certificate may  rely  on  the word  count  of  the word-processing system used to prepare the document.  The 
word-processing  system must  be  set  to include  footnotes  in the  word  count.  The  certificate  must  state  the  number  of 
words in the document.  The certificate shall accompany the document  when  it  is  presented  to  the  Clerk  for  filing  and 
shall  be  separate  from  it.  If  the  certificate  is  signed  by  a person  other  than  a  member  of  the  Bar  of  this  Court,  the 
counsel of record, or the unrepresented party, it must contain a  notarized  affidavit  or  declaration  in  compliance  with  28 
U. S. C. § 1746. 2.  8 1⁄2- by 11-Inch Paper Format: (a)  The  text  of  every document, including any appendix thereto, expressly permit­
ted  by  these  Rules  to  be  presented  to  the  Court  on  81⁄2- by  11-inch paper shall appear double spaced, except for indented 
quotations,  which  shall  be  single  spaced,  on  opaque,  un­glazed,  white  paper.  The  document  shall  be  stapled  or 
bound  at  the  upper  left-hand  corner.  Copies,  if  required, shall  be  produced  on  the  same  type  of  paper  and  shall  be 
legible.  The original of any such document (except a motion to  dismiss  or  affirm  under Rule  18.6)  shall  be  signed  by  the 
party proceeding pro se or by counsel of record who must be a member of the Bar of this Court or an attorney appointed 
under  the  Criminal  Justice  Act  of  1964,  see  18  U. S. C. § 3006A(d)(6),  or  under  any  other  applicable  federal  statute. 
Subparagraph 1(g) of this Rule does not apply to documents prepared under this paragraph. 
(b)  Page limits for documents presented on 8 1⁄2- by 11-inch paper  are:  40  pages  for  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari, 
jurisdictional  statement,  petition  for  an  extraordinary  writ, brief  in  opposition,  or  motion  to  dismiss  or  affirm;  and  15 
pages  for  a  reply  to  a  brief  in  opposition,  brief  opposing  a motion  to  dismiss  or  affirm,  supplemental  brief,  or  petition 
for rehearing.  The exclusions specified in subparagraph 1(d) of this Rule apply. 

Rule 34. Document Preparation: General Requirements
Every  document,  whether  prepared  under  Rule  33.1  or Rule 33.2, shall comply with the  following provisions: 
1.  Each document shall bear on its cover, in the order indi­cated,  from the top of the page: 
(a)  the  docket  number  of  the  case  or,  if  there  is  none,  a space  for one; 
(b)  the name of this Court; 
(c)  the  caption  of  the  case  as  appropriate  in  this  Court; 
(d)  the nature of the proceeding and the name of the court from which the action is brought (e. g., “On Petition for Writ 
of  Certiorari  to  the United  States  Court  of Appeals  for  the Fifth Circuit”;  or,  for  a merits  brief,  “On Writ  of Certiorari 
to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit”); 
(e)  the  title  of  the  document  (e. g.,  “Petition  for  Writ  of Certiorari,” “Brief  for Respondent,” “Joint Appendix”); 
(f )  the  name  of  the  attorney  who is  counsel  of  record  for the  party  concerned  (who  must  be  a  member  of  the  Bar  of
this  Court  except  as  provided  in  Rule  9.1)  and  on  whom service  is  to  be  made,  with  a  notation  directly  thereunder 
identifying the attorney as counsel of record and setting out counsel’s  office  address,  e-mail  address,  and  telephone  num­
ber.  Only  one  counsel  of  record  may  be  noted  on  a  single document, except that counsel of record for each party must 
be  listed  on  the  cover  of  a  joint  appendix.  The  names  of other members  of  the Bar  of  this Court  or  of  the bar  of  the 
highest court of State acting as counsel, and, if desired, their addresses,  may  be  added,  but  counsel  of  record  shall  be 
clearly  identified.  Names  of  persons  other  than  attorneys admitted  to  a  state  bar  may  not  be  listed,  unless  the  party 
is appearing pro se, in which case the party’s name, address, and telephone number shall appear. 
(g)  The  foregoing shall be displayed in an appropriate ty­pographical manner and, except  for identification of counsel, 
may not be set in type smaller than standard 11-point, if the document is prepared as required by Rule 33.1. 
2.  Every document exceeding five pages (other than a joint appendix),  whether  prepared  under  Rule  33.1  or  Rule  33.2, 
shall contain a table of contents and a table of cited authori­ties (i. e., cases alphabetically arranged, constitutional provi-­
sions,  statutes,  treatises,  and  other  materials)  with  refer­ences  to  the  pages  in  the  document  where  such  authorities 
are cited. 
3.  The  body  of  every  document  shall  bear  at its  close  the name  of  counsel  of  record  and  such  other  counsel, identified 
on  the  cover  of  the  document  in  conformity  with  sub para­graph 1(f ) of this Rule, as may be desired. 
4.  Every  appendix  to  a  document  must  be  preceded  by  a table  of  contents  that  provides  a  description  of  each  docu­
ment in the appendix. 
5.  All  references  to  a  provision  of  federal  statutory  law should  ordinarily  be  cited  to  the  United  States  Code, if  the 
provision has been codified therein.  In the event the provi­sion  has  not  been  classified  to  the United States Code,  cita­
tion should be to the Statutes at Large.  Additional or alter­native  citations  should  be  provided  only  if  there  is  a
particular  reason why  those  citations  are  relevant  or  neces­sary to the argument. 

Rule 35. Death, Substitution, and Revivor; Public Officers
1.  If a party dies after the filing of a petition for a writ of certiorari  to  this Court,  or  after  the  filing of a notice  of  ap­
peal,  the  authorized  representative  of  the  deceased  party may  appear  and,  on  motion,  be  substituted  as  a  party.  If 
the representative does not voluntarily become a party, any other  party  may  suggest  the  death  on  the  record  and,  on 
motion,  seek  an  order  requiring  the  representative  to  be­come  a  party  within  a  designated  time.  If  the  representative­
then  fails  to  become  a  party,  the  party  so  moving,  if  a respondent  or  appellee, is  entitled  to have  the petition  for  a 
writ of certiorari or the appeal dismissed, and if a petitioner or  appellant,  is  entitled  to  proceed  as  in  any  other  case  of 
nonappearance by a respondent or appellee.  If the substitu­tion  of  a  representative  of  the  deceased  is  not made  within 
six months after the death of the party, the case shall abate. 
2.  Whenever  a case  cannot be revived in  the court whose judgment  is  sought  to  be  reviewed,  because  the  deceased 
party’s  authorized  representative  is  not  subject  to  that court’s  jurisdiction,  proceedings  will  be  conducted  as  this 
Court may direct. 
3. When  a public  officer who is  a party  to  a proceeding in this  Court  in  an  official  capacity  dies,  resigns,  or  otherwise 
ceases  to  hold  office,  the  action  does  not  abate  and  any  suc­cessor in office is automatically substituted as a party.  The 
parties  shall  notify  the Clerk in writing  of  any  such  succes­sions.  Proceedings following the substitution shall be in the 
name of the substituted party, but any misnomer not affect­ing substantial rights of the parties will be disregarded. 
4.  A  public  officer  who  is  a  party  to  a  proceeding  in  this Court in an  official capacity may be described  as  a party by 
the officer’s official title rather than by name, but the Court may require the name to be added.

Rule 36. Custody of Prisoners in Habeas Corpus Proceedings
1.  Pending  review in  this  Court  of  a  decision in  a  habeas corpus  proceeding  commenced  before  a  court,  Justice,  or 
judge of the United States, the person having custody of the prisoner may  not  transfer  custody  to  another  person  unless 
the transfer is authorized under this Rule. 
2.  Upon  application  by  a  custodian,  the  court,  Justice,  or judge who entered the decision under review may authorize 
transfer  and  the  substitution  of  a  successor  custodian  as  a party. 
3.  (a)  Pending  review  of  a  decision  failing  or  refusing  to release  a prisoner,  the prisoner may be detained in  the cus­
tody  from  which  release  is  sought  or  in  other  appropriate custody or may be enlarged on personal recognizance or bail, 
as  may  appear  appropriate  to  the  court,  Justice,  or  judge who  entered  the  decision,  or  to  the  court  of  appeals,  this 
Court, or a  judge or Justice of either court. 
(b)  Pending review of a decision ordering release, the pris­oner  shall  be  enlarged  on  personal  recognizance  or  bail,  un­
less the court, Justice, or judge who entered the decision, or the  court  of  appeals,  this  Court,  or  a  judge  or  Justice  of 
either court, orders otherwise. 
4.  An initial  order respecting  the custody  or  enlargement of  the  prisoner,  and  any  recognizance  or  surety  taken,  shall 
continue in effect pending review in the court of appeals and in  this  Court  unless  for  reasons  shown  to  the  court  of  appeals,­  this  Court,  or  a  judge  or  Justice  of  either  court,  the order is modified or an independent order respecting custody, 
enlargement, or surety is entered. 

Rule 37. Brief for an Amicus Curiae
1.  An  amicus curiae brief  that  brings  to  the  attention  of the  Court  relevant matter  not  already  brought  to its  attention­
 by the parties may be of considerable help to the Court.  An amicus curiae brief that does not serve this purpose bur­dens
 the  Court,  and  its  filing  is  not  favored.  An  amicus curiae brief  may  be  filed  only  by  an  attorney  admitted  to 
practice before this Court as provided in Rule 5. 
2.  (a)  An  amicus curiae brief  submitted  before  the Court’s  consideration  of  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari, 
motion  for  leave  to  file  a  bill  of  complaint,  jurisdictional statement, or petition for an extraordinary writ may be filed 
if accompanied by the written consent of all parties, or if the Court  grants  leave  to  file  under  subparagraph  2(b)  of  this 
Rule.  An amicus curiae brief in support  of  a petitioner  or appellant shall be filed within 30 days after the case is placed 
on the docket or a response is called for by the Court, which­ ever is later, and that time will not be extended.  An amicus
curiae brief in support of a motion of a plaintiff  for leave to file  a  bill  of  complaint  in  an  original  action  shall  be  filed 
within  60  days  after  the  case  is  placed  on  the  docket,  and that  time will  not  be  extended.  An  amicus curiae brief in 
support of a respondent, an appellee, or a defendant shall be submitted within the time allowed for filing a brief in opposi­
tion  or  a  motion  to  dismiss  or  affirm.  An  amicus curiaeshall ensure that the counsel of record for all parties receive 
notice  of its intention  to file  an amicus curiae brief  at least 10  days  prior  to  the  due  date  for  the  amicus curiae brief, 
unless  the  amicus curiae brief  is  filed  earlier  than  10  days before the due date.  Only one signatory to any amicus cu­
r iae brief filed jointly by more than one amicus curiae must timely notify the parties of its intent to file that brief.  The 
amicus curiae brief shall indicate  that counsel  of record re­ceived timely notice of the intent  to file the brief under this 
Rule and shall specify whether consent was granted, and its cover shall identify the party supported. 
(b)  When  a party  to  the case has withheld consent, a mo­tion  for  leave  to  file  an  amicus curiae brief  before  the 
Court’s  consideration  of  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari, motion  for  leave  to  file  a  bill  of  complaint,  jurisdictional 
statement, or petition for an extraordinary writ may be pre­sented  to  the  Court.  The  motion,  prepared  as  required  by 
Rule  33.1  and  as  one  document  with  the  brief  sought  to  be filed, shall be submitted within the time allowed for filing an
amicus curiae brief,  and  shall indicate  the  party  or  parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the mov­
ant’s interest.  Such a motion is not  favored. 
3.  (a)  An  amicus curiae brief  in  a  case  before  the  Court for oral argument may be filed if accompanied by the written 
consent  of  all  parties,  or  if  the  Court  grants  leave  to  file under  subparagraph  3(b)  of  this  Rule.  The  brief  shall  be 
submitted  within  7  days  after  the  brief  for  the  party  sup­ported is filed, or if in support of neither party, within 7 days 
after the time allowed for filing the petitioner’s or appellant’s brief.  Motions  to  extend  the  time  for  filing  an  amicus cu­
r iae brief  will  not  be  entertained.  The  10-day  notice  re­quirement  of  subparagraph  2(a)  of  this  Rule  does  not  apply 
to an amicus curiae brief in a case before the Court for oral argument.  An  electronic  version  of  every  amicus curiae
brief  in  a  case  before  the  Court  for  oral  argument  shall  be transmitted to the Clerk of Court and to counsel for the par­
ties  at  the  time  the  brief  is  filed  in  accordance  with  guide ­lines established by the Clerk.  The electronic transmission 
requirement  is  in  addition  to  the  requirement  that  booklet­ format briefs be timely filed.  The amicus curiae brief shall 
specify  whether  consent  was  granted,  and  its  cover  shall identify the party supported or indicate whether it suggests 
affirmance or reversal.  The Clerk will not file a reply brief for  an  amicus curiae, or  a  brief  for  an  amicus curiae in 
support of, or in opposition to, a petition  for rehearing. 
(b)  When a party to a case before the Court for oral argu­ment has withheld consent, a motion for leave to file an ami­
cus curiae brief  may  be  presented  to  the  Court.  The  mo­tion, prepared as required by Rule 33.1 and as one document 
with  the  brief  sought  to  be  filed,  shall  be  submitted  within the time allowed  for filing an amicus curiae brief, and shall 
indicate the party or parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the movant’s interest. 
4.  No  motion  for  leave  to  file  an  amicus curiae brief  is necessary  if  the  brief  is  presented  on  behalf  of  the  United 
States  by  the  Solicitor  General;  on  behalf  of  any  agency  of the United States allowed by law to appear before this Court
amicus curiae brief,  and  shall indicate  the  party  or  parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the mov­
ant’s interest.  Such a motion is not  favored. 
3.  (a)  An  amicus curiae brief  in  a  case  before  the  Court for oral argument may be filed if accompanied by the written 
consent  of  all  parties,  or  if  the  Court  grants  leave  to  file under  subparagraph  3(b)  of  this  Rule.  The  brief  shall  be 
submitted  within  7  days  after  the  brief  for  the  party  sup­ported is filed, or if in support of neither party, within 7 days 
after the time allowed for filing the petitioner’s or appellant’s brief.  Motions  to  extend  the  time  for  filing  an  amicus cur­
 iae brief  will  not  be  entertained.  The  10-day  notice  re­quirement  of  subparagraph  2(a)  of  this  Rule  does  not  apply 
to an amicus curiae brief in a case before the Court for oral argument.  An  electronic  version  of  every  amicus curiae
brief  in  a  case  before  the  Court  for  oral  argument  shall  be transmitted to the Clerk of Court and to counsel for the parties­
 at  the  time  the  brief  is  filed  in  accordance  with  guide­lines established by the Clerk.  The electronic transmission 
requirement  is  in  addition  to  the  requirement  that  booklet­ format briefs be timely filed.  The amicus curiae brief shall 
specify  whether  consent  was  granted,  and  its  cover  shall identify the party supported or indicate whether it suggests 
affirmance or reversal.  The Clerk will not file a reply brief an  amicus curiae, or  a  brief  for  an  amicus curiae in 
support of, or in opposition to, a petition  for rehearing. 
(b)  When a party to a case before the Court for oral argu­ment has withheld consent, a motion for leave to file an ami­
cus curiae brief  may  be  presented  to  the  Court.  The  mo­tion, prepared as required by Rule 33.1 and as one document 
with  the  brief  sought  to  be  filed,  shall  be  submitted  within the time allowed  for filing an amicus curiae brief, and shall 
indicate the party or parties who have withheld consent and state the nature of the movant’s interest. 
4.  No  motion  for  leave  to  file  an  amicus curiae brief  is necessary  if  the  brief  is  presented  on  behalf  of  the  United 
States  by  the  Solicitor  General;  on  behalf  of  any  agency  of the United States allowed by law to appear before this Court by  the  person  requesting  its  certification,  $.50  per page; 
(d)  for a certificate bearing the seal of the Court, $10; and 
(e)  for a check paid to the Court, Clerk, or Marshal that is returned  for lack of  funds, $35. 

Rule 39. Proceedings In Forma Pauperis
1.  A party seeking to proceed in forma pauperis shall file a  motion  for  leave  to  do  so,  together  with  the  party’s  nota­
rized  affidavit  or  declaration  (in  compliance with  28 U. S. C. § 1746) in the form prescribed by the Federal Rules of Appel­
late  Procedure,  Form  4.  The  motion  shall  state  whether leave to proceed in forma pauperis was sought in any other 
court  and, if  so,  whether leave  was  granted.  If  the United States  district  court  or  the  United  States  court  of  appeals 
has appointed counsel under the Criminal Justice Act of 1964, 18  U. S. C.  § 3006A,  or  under  any  other  applicable  federal 
statute, no affidavit or declaration is required, but the motion shall cite the statute under which counsel was appointed. 
2.  If leave to proceed in forma pauperis is sought for the purpose  of  filing  a  document,  the  motion,  and  an  affidavit 
or  declaration  if  required,  shall  be  filed  together  with  that document  and  shall  comply  in  every  respect  with  Rule  21. 
As provided in that Rule, it suffices to file an original and 10 copies,  unless  the  party  is  an  inmate  confined  in  an  institution­
and  is  not  represented  by  counsel,  in  which  case  the original, alone, suffices.  A copy of the motion, and affidavit 
or  declaration  if  required,  shall  precede  and  be  attached  to each copy of the accompanying document. 
3.  Except when these Rules expressly provide that a docu­ment shall be prepared as required by Rule 33.1, every docu­
ment presented by a party proceeding under this Rule shall be  prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.2  (unless  such  prepara­
tion  is  impossible).  Every  document  shall  be  legible.  While  making  due  allowance  for  any  case  presented  under 
this  Rule  by  a  person  appearing  pro se, the  Clerk  will  not file any document if it does not comply with the substance of 
these Rules or is  jurisdictionally out of time. 
4.  When the documents required by paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Rule  are  presented  to  the  Clerk,  accompanied  by  proof
of service as required by Rule 29, they will be placed on the docket without the payment of a docket fee or any other fee. 
5.  The respondent or appellee in a case filed in forma pau­peris shall respond in the same manner and within the same 
time as in any other case of the same nature, except that the filing of an original and 10 copies  of  a  response  prepared  as 
required  by  Rule  33.2,  with  proof  of  service  as  required  by Rule 29, suffices.  The respondent or appellee may challenge 
the  grounds  for  the  motion  for  leave  to  proceed  in forma pauperis in a separate document or in the response itself. 
6.  Whenever  the  Court  appoints  counsel  for  an  indigent party in a case set for oral argument, the briefs on the merits 
submitted by that counsel, unless otherwise requested, shall be  prepared  under  the  Clerk’s  supervision.  The  Clerk  also 
will  reimburse  appointed  counsel  for  any  necessary  travel expenses to Washington, D. C., and return in connection with 
the argument. 
7.  In a case in which certiorari has been granted, probable jurisdiction noted, or consideration of jurisdiction postponed, 
this  Court  may  appoint  counsel  to  represent  a  party  finan­cially  unable  to  afford  an  attorney  to  the  extent  authorized 
by  the  Criminal  Justice  Act  of  1964,  18  U. S. C.  § 3006A,  or by any other applicable  federal statute. 
8.  If satisfied that a petition for a writ of certiorari, juris­dictional  statement,  or  petition  for  an  extraordinary writ is 
frivolous or malicious,  the Court may deny leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

Rule 40. Veterans, Seamen, and Military Cases
1.  A veteran  suing under  any provision  of law  exempting veterans  from  the  payment  of  fees  or  court  costs, may  pro­
ceed without prepayment of fees or costs or furnishing secu­rity  therefor  and  may  file  a  motion  for  leave  to  proceed  on 
papers prepared as required by Rule 33.2.  The motion shall ask leave to proceed as a veteran and be accompanied by an 
affidavit  or  declaration  setting  out  the  moving  party’s  vet­eran  status.  A  copy  of  the  motion  shall  precede  and  be
attached  to  each copy  of  the petition  for  a writ  of certiorari or other substantive document filed by the veteran. 
2.  A  seaman  suing  under  28  U. S. C.  § 1916  may  proceed without  prepayment  of  fees  or  costs  or  furnishing  security 
therefor and may file a motion for leave to proceed on papers prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.2.  The  motion  shall  ask 
leave to proceed as a seaman and be accompanied by an affi­davit  or  declaration  setting  out  the  moving  party’s  seaman 
status.  A copy of the motion shall precede and be attached to  each  copy  of  the  petition  for  a writ  of  certiorari  or  other 
substantive document filed by the seaman. 
3.  An accused person petitioning for a writ of certiorari to review  a decision  of  the United States Court  of Appeals  for 
the Armed Forces under 28 U. S. C. § 1259 may proceed with­out prepayment of fees or costs or furnishing security there­
for  and  without  filing  an  affidavit  of  indigency,  but  is  not entitled  to  proceed  on  papers  prepared  as  required  by Rule 
33.2,  except  as  authorized  by  the  Court  on  separate motion under Rule 39. 

Rule 41. Opinions of the Court
Opinions of the Court will be released by the Clerk imme­diately  upon  their  announcement  from  the  bench,  or  as  the 
Court  otherwise  directs.  Thereafter,  the  Clerk  will  cause the  opinions  to  be  issued  in  slip  form,  and  the  Reporter  of 
Decisions  will  prepare  them  for  publication  in  the  prelimi­nary prints and bound volumes of the United States Reports. 

Rule 42. Interest and Damages
1.  If a  judgment  for money in a civil case is affirmed, any interest  allowed  by  law  is  payable  from  the  date  the  judgment­
 under review was  entered.  If a  judgment is modified or  reversed  with  a  direction  that  a  judgment  for  money  be 
entered  below,  the  courts  below  may  award  interest  to  the extent permitted by law.  Interest in cases arising in a state 
court is allowed at the same rate that similar judgments bear interest  in  the  courts  of  the  State in  which  judgment is  di­
rected to be entered.  Interest in cases arising in a court of the United States is  allowed  at  the interest  rate  authorized 
by law. 
2.  When  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari,  an  appeal,  or an  application  for  other  relief  is  frivolous,  the  Court  may 
award  the  respondent  or  appellee  just  damages,  and  single or  double  costs  under  Rule  43.  Damages  or  costs  may  be 
awarded  against  the  petitioner,  appellant,  or  applicant, against  the  party’s  counsel,  or  against  both  party  and 

Rule 43. Costs
1.  If the Court affirms a judgment, the petitioner or appel­lant shall pay costs unless the Court otherwise orders. 
2.  If  the  Court  reverses  or  vacates  a  judgment,  the  re­spondent or appellee shall pay costs unless the Court other­
wise orders. 
3.  The  Clerk’s  fees  and  the  cost  of  printing  the  joint  ap­pendix are the only taxable items in this Court.  The cost of 
the  transcript  of  the  record  from  the  court  below  is  also  a taxable item, but shall be taxable in that court as costs in the 
case.  The expenses of printing briefs, motions, petitions, or jurisdictional statements are not taxable. 
4.  In a case involving a certified question, costs are equally divided unless the Court otherwise orders, except that if the 
Court decides the whole matter in controversy, as permitted by Rule  19.2, costs  are  allowed  as provided in paragraphs  1 
and 2 of this Rule.  
5.  To  the  extent  permitted  by  28  U. S. C.  § 2412,  costs under this Rule are allowed for or against the United States 
or  an  officer  or  agent  thereof,  unless  expressly  waived  or unless the Court otherwise orders. 
6.  When  costs  are  allowed  in  this  Court,  the  Clerk  will insert an itemization of the costs in the body of the mandate 
or  judgment  sent  to  the  court  below.  The  prevailing  side may not submit a bill of costs.
7.  In extraordinary circumstances the Court may adjudge double costs. 

Rule 44. Rehearing
1.  Any petition for the rehearing of any judgment or deci­sion of the Court on the merits shall be filed within 25 days 
after entry of the  judgment or decision, unless the Court or a Justice shortens or extends the time.  The petitioner shall 
file 40 copies of the rehearing petition and shall pay the filing fee  prescribed  by  Rule  38(b),  except  that  a  petitioner  pro­
ceeding  in forma pauperis under  Rule  39,  including  an  in­mate  of  an  institution,  shall  file  the  number  of  copies  re­
quired for a petition by such a person under Rule 12.2.  The petition  shall  state  its  grounds  briefly  and  distinctly  and 
shall  be  served  as  required  by  Rule  29.  The  petition  shall be  presented  together  with  certification  of  counsel  (or  of  a 
party unrepresented by counsel) that it is presented in good faith and not  for delay; one copy of the certificate shall bear 
the  signature  of  counsel  (or  of  a  party  unrepresented  by counsel).  A  copy  of  the  certificate  shall  follow  and  be 
attached to each copy of the petition.  A petition for rehear­ing is  not  subject  to  oral  argument  and  will  not  be  granted 
except by a majority of the Court, at the instance of a Justice who concurred in the  judgment or decision. 
2.  Any  petition  for  the  rehearing  of  an  order  denying  a petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  or  extraordinary  writ  shall 
be  filed within  25  days  after  the  date  of  the  order  of  denial and shall comply with all the form and filing requirements of 
paragraph 1 of this Rule, including the payment of the filing fee if required, but its grounds shall be limited to intervening 
circumstances  of  a  substantial  or  controlling  effect  or  to other  substantial  grounds  not  previously  presented.  The 
petition  shall  be  presented  together  with  certification  of counsel  (or  of  a  party  unrepresented  by  counsel)  that  it  is 
restricted to the grounds specified in this paragraph and that it  is  presented  in  good  faith  and  not  for  delay;  one  copy  of 
the  certificate  shall  bear  the  signature  of  counsel  (or  of  a party  unrepresented  by  counsel).  The  certificate  shall  be 
bound with each copy of the petition.  The Clerk will not file a  petition  without  a  certificate.  The  petition is  not  subject 
to oral argument. 
3.  The  Clerk  will  not  file  any  response  to  a  petition  for rehearing unless the Court requests a response.  In the ab­
sence  of  extraordinary  circumstances,  the  Court  will  not grant  a  petition  for  rehearing  without  first  requesting  a 
4.  The  Clerk  will  not  file  consecutive  petitions  and  peti­tions that are out of time under this Rule. 
5.  The  Clerk  will  not  file  any  brief  for  an  amicus curiae in support of, or in opposition to, a petition  for rehearing. 
6.  If  the  Clerk  determines  that  a  petition  for  rehearing submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not 
comply with this Rule or with Rule 33 or Rule 34, the Clerk will return it with a letter indicating the deficiency.  A cor­
rected  petition  for  rehearing  submitted  in  accordance  with Rule 29.2 no more than 15 days after the date of the Clerk’s 
letter will be deemed timely. 

Rule 45. Process; Mandates
1.  All process of this Court issues in the name of the Presi­dent of the United States. 
2.  In  a  case  on  review  from  a  state  court,  the  mandate issues 25 days after entry of the judgment, unless the Court 
or a Justice shortens or extends the time, or unless the par­ties stipulate that it issue sooner.  The filing of a petition for 
rehearing stays the mandate until disposition of the petition, unless the Court orders otherwise.  If the petition is denied, 
the mandate issues  forthwith. 
3.  In a case on review from any court of the United States, as  defined  by  28  U. S. C.  § 451,  a  formal  mandate  does  not 
issue  unless  specially  directed;  instead,  the  Clerk  of  this Court  will  send  the  clerk  of  the  lower  court  a  copy  of  the 
opinion  or  order  of  this  Court  and  a  certified  copy  of  the judgment.  The  certified  copy  of  the  judgment,  prepared 
and  signed  by  this  Court’s  Clerk,  will  provide  for  costs  if any  are  awarded.  In  all  other  respects,  the  provisions  of 
paragraph 2 of this Rule apply. 

Rule 46. Dismissing Cases
1.  At  any  stage  of  the  proceedings,  whenever  all  parties file  with  the  Clerk  an  agreement  in  writing  that  a  case  be 
dismissed, specifying the terms for payment of costs, and pay to  the  Clerk  any  fees  then  due,  the  Clerk,  without  further 
reference to the Court, will enter an order of dismissal. 
2.  (a)  A  petitioner  or  appellant  may  file  a  motion  to  dis­miss  the  case, with  proof  of  service  as  required  by Rule  29, 
tendering  to  the Clerk  any  fees  due  and  costs  payable.  No more  than  15  days  after  service  thereof,  an  adverse  party 
may file an  objection, limited to the amount  of damages and costs in  this Court  alleged  to be payable or  to showing  that 
the moving party does not represent all petitioners or appel­lants.  The Clerk will not file any objection not so limited. 
(b)  When the objection asserts that the moving party does not  represent  all  the  petitioners  or  appellants,  the  party 
moving  for  dismissal  may  file  a  reply  within  10  days,  after which  time  the  matter  will  be  submitted  to  the  Court  for 
its determination. 
(c)  If no objection is filed—or if upon objection going only to the amount of damages and costs in this Court, the party 
moving  for  dismissal  tenders  the  additional  damages  and costs  in  full  within  10  days  of  the  demand  therefor—the 
Clerk, without  further  reference  to  the Court, will  enter  an order  of  dismissal.  If,  after  objection  as  to  the  amount  of 
damages and costs in this Court, the moving party does not respond  by  a  tender  within  10  days,  the  Clerk  will  report 
the matter to the Court  for its determination. 
3.  No  mandate  or  other  process  will  issue  on  a  dismissal under this Rule without an order of the Court. 

Rule 47. Reference to “State Court” and “State Law”The term “state court,” when used in these Rules, includes 
the  District  of  Columbia  Court  of  Appeals,  the  SupremeCourt  of  the  Commonwealth  of  Puerto  Rico,  the  courts  of 
the Northern Mariana Islands, and the local courts of Guam. References in  these Rules  to  the statutes  of  a State include 
the statutes of the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
Islands, and the Territory of Guam. 
Rule 48. Effective Date of Rules
1.  These Rules, adopted January 12, 2010, will be effective February 16, 2010. 
2.  The  Rules  govern  all  proceedings  after  their  effective date  except  to  the  extent  that,  in  the  opinion  of  the  Court, 
their  application  to  a  pending  matter  would  not  be  feasible or would work an injustice, in which event the former proce­
dure applies. 
3.  In  any  case in which  a  petitioner  or  appellant  has  filed its  brief  on  the  merits  prior  to  the  effective  date  of  these 
revised Rules,  all  remaining  briefs in  that  case may  comply with  the  October  1,  2007,  version  of  the  Rules  of  the  Su­
preme  Court  of  the  United  States  rather  than  with  these revised Rules.