Rule 1. Clerk
1.  The Clerk receives documents  for filing with the Court and  has  authority  to  reject  any  submitted  filing  that  does 
not comply with these Rules. 
2.  The  Clerk  maintains  the  Court’s  records  and  will  not permit  any  of  them  to  be  removed  from  the  Court  building 
except  as  authorized  by  the  Court.  Any  document  filed with  the  Clerk  and made  a  part  of  the  Court’s  records may 
not  thereafter  be  withdrawn  from  the  official  Court  files.    After  the  conclusion  of  proceedings  in  this  Court,  original 
records  and  documents  transmitted  to  this  Court  by  any other  court  will  be  returned  to  the  court  from  which  they 
were received. 
3.  Unless the Court or the Chief Justice orders otherwise, the  Clerk’s  office  is  open  from  9  a.m.  to  5  p.m.,  Monday 
through  Friday,  except  on  federal  legal  holidays  listed  in  5 U. S. C. § 6103. 
Rule 2. Library
1.  The  Court’s  library  is  available  for  use  by  appropriate personnel  of  this  Court,  members  of  the  Bar  of  this  Court, 
Members  of  Congress  and  their  legal  staffs,  and  attorneys for  the  United  States  and  for  federal  departments  and 
2.  The  library’s  hours  are  governed  by  regulations  made by  the  Librarian  with  the  approval  of  the  Chief  Justice  or 
the Court. 
3.  Library  books  may  not  be  removed  from  the  Court building, except by a Justice or a member of a Justice’s staff. 
Rule 3. Term
The Court holds a continuous annual Term commencing on the  first  Monday  in  October  and  ending  on  the  day  before 
the  first  Monday  in  October  of  the  following  year.  See  28 U. S. C.  § 2.  At  the  end  of  each Term,  all  cases  pending  on 
the docket are continued to the next Term
Rule 4. Sessions and Quorum
1.  Open sessions of the Court are held beginning at 10 a.m. on  the  first Monday in  October  of  each  year,  and  thereafter 
as announced by the Court.  Unless it orders otherwise, the Court  sits  to  hear  arguments  from  10  a.m.  until  noon  and 
from 1 p.m. until 3 p.m. 
2.  Six Members of the Court constitute a quorum.  See 28 U. S. C.  § 1.  In  the  absence  of  a  quorum  on  any  day  ap­
pointed  for  holding  a  session  of  the  Court,  the  Justices  at­tending—or  if  no  Justice  is  present,  the  Clerk  or  a  Deputy 
Clerk—may  announce  that  the  Court  will  not  meet  until there is a quorum. 
3.  When  appropriate,  the  Court  will  direct  the  Clerk  or the Marshal to announce recesses. 

Rule 5. Admission to the Bar
1.  To  qualify  for  admission  to  the  Bar  of  this  Court,  an applicant must have been admitted to practice in the highest 
court of a State, Commonwealth, Territory or Possession, or the District  of Columbia  for  a period  of  at least  three  years 
immediately  before  the  date  of  application;  must  not  have been  the  subject  of  any  adverse  disciplinary  action  pro­
nounced or in effect during that 3-year period; and must ap­pear  to  the  Court  to  be  of  good  moral  and  professional 
2.  Each applicant shall file with  the Clerk  (1) a certificate from  the  presiding  judge,  clerk,  or  other  authorized  official 
of that court evidencing the applicant’s admission to practice there  and  the  applicant’s  current  good  standing,  and  (2)  a 
completely executed copy of the form approved by this Court and furnished by the Clerk containing (a) the applicant’s per­
sonal  statement,  and  (b)  the  statement  of  two  sponsors  en­dorsing  the correctness  of  the applicant’s statement, stating 
that  the  applicant  possesses  all  the  qualifications  required for  admission,  and  affirming  that  the  applicant  is  of  good
moral  and  professional  character.  Both  sponsors  must  be members  of the Bar of  this Court who personally know, but 
are not related to, the applicant. 
3.  If the documents submitted demonstrate that the appli­cant  possesses  the  necessary  qualifications,  and if  the  appli­
cant has signed the oath or affirmation and paid the required fee,  the Clerk will  notify  the  applicant  of  acceptance  by  the 
Court  as  a member  of  the  Bar  and issue  a  certificate  of  ad­mission.  An  applicant  who  so  wishes  may  be  admitted  in open  court  on  oral  motion  by  a  member  of  the  Bar  of  this Court,  provided  that  all  other  requirements  for  admission 
have been satisfied. 
4.  Each applicant shall sign the  following oath or affirma­tion:  I,  ...............,  do  solemnly  swear  (or  affirm)  that  as  an 
attorney and as a counselor of this Court, I will conduct my­self  uprightly  and  according  to  law,  and  that  I  will  support 
the Constitution of the United States. 
5.  The  fee for admission to the Bar and a certificate bear­ing the seal of the Court is $200, payable to the United States 
Supreme  Court.  The  Marshal  will  deposit  such  fees  in  a separate fund to be disbursed by the Marshal at the direction 
of the Chief Justice for the costs of admissions, for the benefit of the Court and its Bar, and  for related purposes. 
6.  The  fee  for  a  duplicate  certificate  of  admission  to  the Bar  bearing  the  seal  of  the  Court  is  $15,  and  the  fee  for  a 
certificate  of  good  standing  is  $10,  payable  to  the  United 
States Supreme Court.  The proceeds will be maintained by the Marshal as provided in paragraph 5 of this Rule. 
Rule 6. Argument Pro Hac Vice
1.  An  attorney  not  admitted  to  practice  in  the  highest court of a State, Commonwealth, Territory or Possession, or 
the  District  of  Columbia  for  the  requisite  three  years,  but otherwise  eligible  for  admission  to  practice  in  this  Court 
under Rule 5.1, may be permitted to argue pro hac vice.
2.  An attorney qualified to practice in  the courts of a  for­eign state may be permitted to argue pro hac vice
3.  Oral  argument  pro hac vice is  allowed  only  on  motion of  the counsel of record  for  the party on whose behalf leave 
is requested.  The motion shall state concisely the qualifica­tions of  the attorney who is  to argue pro hac vice. It shall be filed with  the Clerk, in  the  form required by Rule  21, no later  than  the  date  on  which  the  respondent’s  or  appellee’s 
brief on the merits is due to be filed, and it shall be accompa­nied by proof of service as required by Rule 29. 
Rule 7. Prohibition Against Practice
No employee of this Court shall practice as an attorney or counselor in  any  court  or  before  any  agency  of  government 
while  employed  by  the  Court;  nor  shall  any  person  after leaving  such  employment  participate in  any professional  ca­
pacity in  any  case  pending  before  this  Court  or in  any  case being considered for filing in this Court, until two years have 
elapsed  after  separation;  nor  shall  a  former  employee  ever participate in any professional capacity in any case that was 
pending in this Court during the employee’s tenure. 
Rule 8. Disbarment and Disciplinary Action
1.  Whenever  a member of  the Bar  of  this Court has been disbarred or suspended from practice in any court of record, 
or has engaged in conduct unbecoming a member of the Bar of this Court, the Court will enter an order suspending that 
member  from  practice  before  this  Court  and  affording  the member  an  opportunity  to  show  cause, within  40  days, why 
a disbarment  order should  not be  entered.  Upon response, or if  no  response is  timely  filed,  the  Court will  enter  an  ap­
propriate order. 
2.  After  reasonable  notice  and  an  opportunity  to  show cause why disciplinary action should not be taken, and after 
a hearing if material facts are in dispute, the Court may take any appropriate disciplinary action against any attorney who 
is  admitted  to  practice  before  it  for  conduct  unbecoming  a member of the Bar or for failure to comply with these Rules 
or any Rule or order of the Court. 
Rule 9. Appearance of Counsel
1. An attorney seeking to file a document in this Court in a  representative  capacity must  first  be  admitted  to  practice 
before  this  Court  as  provided in Rule  5,  except  that  admis­sion to the Bar of this Court is not required  for an attorney 
appointed  under  the  Criminal  Justice  Act  of  1964,  see  18 U. S. C.  § 3006A(d)(6),  or  under  any  other  applicable  federal 
statute.  The  attorney whose  name,  address,  and  telephone number  appear  on  the  cover  of  a  document  presented  for 
filing is  considered  counsel  of  record,  and  a  separate  notice of  appearance  need  not  be  filed.  If  the  name  of more  than 
one attorney is shown on the cover of the document,  the at­torney  who  is  counsel  of  record  shall  be  clearly  identified. 
See Rule 34.1(f ). 
2. An attorney representing a party who will not be filing a  document  shall  enter  a  separate  notice  of  appearance  as 
counsel  of  record  indicating  the  name  of  the  party  repre­sented.  A  separate  notice  of  appearance  shall  also  be  en­
tered whenever an attorney is substituted as counsel of rec­ord in a particular case. 

Rule 10. Considerations Governing Review on Certiorari 
 Review on a writ of certiorari is not a matter of right, but of judicial discretion.  A petition for a writ of certiorari will 
be  granted  only  for  compelling  reasons.  The  following,  al­though  neither  controlling  nor  fully  measuring  the  Court’s 
discretion,  indicate  the  character  of  the  reasons  the  Court considers: 
(a)  a United States court of appeals has entered a deci­sion  in  conflict  with  the  decision  of  another  United 
States  court  of  appeals  on  the  same  important  matter; has decided an important federal question in a way that 
conflicts  with  a  decision  by  a  state  court  of last  resort; or  has  so  far  departed  from  the  accepted  and  usual
course  of  judicial  proceedings,  or  sanctioned  such  a  de­parture  by  a  lower  court,  as  to  call  for  an  exercise  of 
this Court’s supervisory power; 
(b)  a  state  court  of last  resort  has  decided  an impor­tant  federal  question  in  a  way  that  conflicts  with  the 
decision  of  another  state  court  of  last  resort  or  of  a United States court of appeals; 
(c)  a  state  court  or  a  United  States  court  of  appeals has  decided  an  important  question  of  federal  law  that 
has  not  been,  but  should  be,  settled  by  this  Court,  or has decided an important federal question in a way that 
conflicts with relevant decisions of this Court.   A petition for a writ of certiorari is rarely granted when the 
asserted  error  consists  of  erroneous  factual  findings  or  the misapplication of a properly stated rule of law. 
Rule 11. Certiorari to a United States Court of Appeals Before Judgment.  A petition for a writ of certiorari to review a case pending 
in  a  United  States  court  of  appeals,  before  judgment  is  en­tered in that court, will be granted only upon a showing that 
the case is of such imperative public importance as to justify deviation  from  normal  appellate  practice  and  to  require im-­
mediate  determination  in  this  Court.  See  28  U. S. C. § 2101(e). 
Rule 12. Review on Certiorari: How Sought; Parties
1.  Except as provided in paragraph 2 of this Rule, the peti­tioner shall file 40 copies of a petition for a writ of certiorari, 
prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.1,  and  shall  pay  the  Rule 38(a) docket  fee. 
2.  A petitioner proceeding  in forma pauperis under Rule 39 shall file an original and 10 copies of a petition  for a writ 
of  certiorari  prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.2,  together with  an  original  and  10  copies  of  the  motion  for  leave  to 
proceed in forma pauperis. A copy of the motion shall pre­cede  and  be  attached  to  each  copy  of  the  petition.  An  in-
mate confined in  an institution, if proceeding  in forma pau­peris and  not  represented  by  counsel,  need  file  only  an 
original petition and motion. 
3.  Whether  prepared  under  Rule  33.1  or  Rule  33.2,  the petition  shall  comply  in  all  respects  with  Rule  14  and  shall 
be  submitted  with  proof  of  service  as  required  by  Rule  29.   The  case  then  will  be  placed  on  the  docket.  It  is  the  peti­
tioner’s  duty  to  notify  all  respondents  promptly,  on  a  form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of filing, the date the case 
was placed on the docket, and the docket number of the case.   The notice shall be served as required by Rule 29. 
 4.  Parties  interested  jointly,  severally,  or  otherwise  in  a judgment may petition separately for a writ of certiorari; or 
any two or more may join in a petition.  A party not shown on  the  petition  as  joined  therein  at  the  time  the  petition  is 
filed may not later join in that petition.  When two or more judgments are sought to be reviewed on a writ of certiorari 
to  the  same  court  and  involve  identical  or  closely  related questions,  a  single  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  covering 
all the judgments suffices.  A petition for a writ of certiorari may  not  be  joined with  any  other  pleading,  except  that  any 
motion  for  leave  to  proceed  in forma pauperis shall  be attached. 
5.  No  more  than  30  days  after  a  case  has  been  placed  on the  docket,  a  respondent  seeking  to  file  a  conditional  cross­
petition  (i. e., a  cross-petition  that  otherwise  would  be  un­timely)  shall  file,  with  proof  of  service  as  required  by  Rule 
29,  40  copies  of  the  cross-petition  prepared  as  required  by Rule 33.1, except that a cross-petitioner proceeding in forma
pauperis under  Rule  39  shall  comply  with  Rule  12.2.  The cross-petition shall comply in all respects with this Rule and 
Rule  14,  except  that material  already  reproduced in  the  ap­pendix to the opening petition need not be reproduced again. 
A  cross-petitioning  respondent  shall  pay  the  Rule  38(a) docket  fee or submit a motion  for leave to proceed in forma
pauperis.  The  cover  of  the  cross-petition  shall  indicate clearly  that  it  is  a  conditional  cross-petition.  The  cross­
petition  then  will  be  placed  on  the  docket,  subject  to  the provisions  of  Rule  13.4.  It is  the  cross-petitioner’s  duty  to 
notify all cross-respondents promptly, on a form supplied by the  Clerk,  of  the  date  of  filing,  the  date  the  cross-petition 
was  placed  on  the  docket,  and  the  docket  number  of  the cross-petition.  The  notice  shall  be  served  as  required  by 
Rule  29.  A  cross-petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  may  not be  joined  with  any  other  pleading,  except  that  any  motion 
for  leave  to  proceed  in forma pauperis shall  be  attached. The  time  to  file  a  conditional  cross-petition  will  not  be 
6.  All  parties  to  the  proceeding  in  the  court  whose  judg­ment  is  sought  to  be  reviewed  are  deemed  parties  entitled 
to file documents in this Court, unless the petitioner notifies the  Clerk  of  this  Court  in  writing  of  the  petitioner’s  belief 
that one or more of the parties below have no interest in the 
outcome  of  the  petition.  A  copy  of  such  notice  shall  be served as required by Rule 29 on all parties to the proceed­
ing  below.  A  party  noted  as  no  longer  interested  may  re­main  a  party  by  notifying  the  Clerk  promptly,  with  service 
on  the  other parties,  of  an intention  to remain  a party.  All parties other than the petitioner are considered respondents, 
but any respondent who supports the position of a petitioner shall  meet  the  petitioner’s  time  schedule  for  filing  docu­
ments,  except  that  a  response  supporting  the  petition  shall be filed within 20 days after the case is placed on the docket, 
and that time will not be extended.  Parties who file no doc­ument will not qualify  for any relief  from this Court. 
7.  The  clerk  of  the  court  having  possession  of  the  record shall keep it until notified by the Clerk of this Court to cer­
tify and transmit it.  In any document filed with this Court, a  party  may  cite  or  quote  from  the  record,  even  if  it  has 
not been transmitted to this Court.  When requested by the Clerk of this Court to certify and transmit the record, or any 
part  of  it,  the  clerk  of  the  court  having  possession  of  the record  shall number  the  documents  to  be  certified  and  shall 
transmit  therewith  a  numbered  list  specifically  identifying each document transmitted.  If the record, or stipulated por­
tions, have been printed  for the use of the court below, that printed record, plus the proceedings in the court below, may 
be  certified  as  the  record  unless  one  of  the  parties  or  the Clerk  of  this  Court  requests  otherwise.  The  record  may 
consist  of  certified  copies,  but  if  the  lower  court  is  of  the view  that original documents  of any kind should be seen by 
this  Court,  that  court  may  provide  by  order  for  the  trans­port, safekeeping, and return of such originals. 
Rule 13. Review on Certiorari: Time for Petitioning
1.  Unless otherwise provided by law, a petition  for a writ of certiorari to review a judgment in any case, civil or crimi­
nal, entered by a state court of last resort or a United States court  of  appeals  (including  the  United  States  Court  of  Ap­
peals  for  the  Armed  Forces)  is  timely  when  it  is  filed  with the  Clerk  of  this  Court  within  90  days  after  entry  of  the 
judgment.  A petition for a writ of certiorari seeking review of a judgment of a lower state court that is subject to discre­
tionary  review  by  the  state  court  of  last  resort  is  timely when it is filed with the Clerk within 90 days  after entry of 
the order denying discretionary review. 
2.  The Clerk will not file any petition  for a writ of certio­rari  that  is  jurisdictionally  out  of  time.  See,  e. g., 28  
U. S. C. § 2101(c). 
3.  The  time  to  file  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  runs from the date of entry of the judgment or order sought to be 
reviewed, and not from the issuance date of the mandate (or its equivalent under local practice).  But if a petition for re­hearing is  timely  filed in  the lower court by  any party,  or if the  lower  court  appropriately  entertains  an  untimely  peti­tion  for  rehearing  or  sua sponte considers  rehearing,  the time to file the petition for a writ of certiorari for all parties (whether  or  not  they  requested  rehearing  or  joined  in  the petition  for  rehearing)  runs  from  the  date  of  the  denial  of rehearing  or,  if  rehearing  is  granted,  the  subsequent  entry 
of  judgment. 
4.  A  cross-petition  for  a writ  of  certiorari is  timely when it is filed with the Clerk as provided in paragraphs 1, 3, and 
5 of this Rule, or in Rule 12.5.  However, a conditional cross-petition  (which except  for Rule 12.5 would be untimely) will not  be  granted  unless  another  party’s  timely  petition  for  a writ of certiorari is granted. 
5.  For good cause,  a  Justice may extend  the  time  to file  a petition for a writ of certiorari for a period not exceeding 60 
days.  An application to extend the time to file shall set out the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, identify the judgment 
sought to be reviewed, include a copy of the opinion and any order respecting rehearing, and set out specific reasons why 
an  extension  of  time  is  justified.  The  application  must  be filed with the Clerk at least 10 days before the date the peti­
tion is due, except in extraordinary circumstances.  For the time and manner of presenting the application, see Rules 21, 
22, 30, and 33.2.  An application to extend the time to file a petition  for a writ of certiorari is not  favored. 
Rule 14. Content of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari
1.  A  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  shall  contain,  in  the order indicated: 
(a)  The  questions  presented  for  review,  expressed  con­cisely  in  relation  to  the  circumstances  of  the  case,  without 
unnecessary  detail.  The  questions  should  be  short  and should not be argumentative or repetitive.  If the petitioner 
or respondent is under a death sentence that may be affected by the disposition of the petition, the notation “capital case” 
shall  precede  the  questions  presented.  The  questions  shall be set out on the first page following the cover, and no other 
information may appear on that page.  The statement of any question  presented  is  deemed  to  comprise  every  subsidiary 
question fairly included therein.  Only the questions set out in the petition, or  fairly included  therein, will be considered 
by the Court. 
(b)  A  list  of  all  parties  to  the  proceeding  in  the  court whose judgment is sought to be reviewed (unless the caption 
of the case contains the names of all the parties), and a corpo­rate disclosure statement as required by Rule 29.6. 
(c)  If  the  petition  exceeds  five  pages  or  1,500  words,  a table of contents and a table of cited authorities.  The table 
of contents shall include the items contained in the appendix. 
(d)  Citations  of  the  official  and  unofficial  reports  of  the opinions and orders entered in the case by courts or adminis­
trative agencies. 
(e)  A concise statement of the basis for jurisdiction in this Court, showing: 
(i)  the  date  the  judgment  or  order  sought  to  be  re­viewed was entered (and, if applicable, a statement that 
the petition is filed under this Court’s Rule 11);  (ii)  the  date  of  any  order  respecting  rehearing,  and 
the  date  and  terms  of  any  order  granting  an  extension of time to file the petition  for a writ of certiorari; 
(iii)  express  reliance  on  Rule  12.5,  when  a  cross­ petition  for a writ  of certiorari is filed under that Rule, 
and  the  date  of  docketing  of  the  petition  for  a  writ  of certiorari in connection with which the cross-petition is 
filed; (iv)  the statutory provision believed to confer on this Court  jurisdiction  to  review  on  a  writ  of  certiorari  the 
judgment or order in question; and (v)  if applicable, a statement that the notifications re­quired by Rule 29.4(b) or  (c) have been made. 
(f )  The  constitutional  provisions,  treaties,  statutes,  ordi­nances,  and  regulations involved in  the  case,  set  out  verba­
tim with appropriate citation.  If the provisions involved are lengthy,  their  citation  alone  suffices  at  this  point,  and  their 
pertinent text shall be set out in the appendix referred to in subparagraph 1(i). 
(g)  A  concise  statement  of  the  case  setting  out  the  facts material to consideration of the questions presented, and also 
containing the  following: 
(i)  If review  of  a  state-court  judgment is sought, speci­fication of the stage in the proceedings, both in the court 
of  first  instance  and  in  the  appellate  courts,  when  the federal questions sought to be reviewed were raised; the 
method or manner of raising them and the way in which they were passed on by those courts; and pertinent quo­
tations  of  specific  portions  of  the  record  or  summary thereof, with  specific reference  to  the  places in  the rec­
ord where the matter appears (e. g., court opinion, ruling on  exception,  portion  of  court’s  charge  and  exception 
thereto, assignment of error), so as to show that the fed­eral  question  was  timely  and  properly  raised  and  that 
this Court has  jurisdiction to review the  judgment on a writ of certiorari.  When the portions of the record re­
lied  on  under  this  subparagraph  are  voluminous,  they shall be included in the appendix referred to in subpara­
graph 1(i).   (ii)  If  review  of  a  judgment  of  a United  States  court of appeals is sought, the basis  for  federal  jurisdiction in 
the court of first instance. 
(h)  A direct and concise argument amplifying the reasons relied on  for allowance of the writ.  See Rule 10. 
(i)  An appendix containing, in the order indicated: (i)  the  opinions,  orders,  findings  of  fact,  and  conclu­
sions  of  law,  whether  written  or  orally  given  and  tran­scribed,  entered  in  conjunction  with  the  judgment 
sought to be reviewed; (ii)  any  other  relevant  opinions,  orders,  findings  of fact, and conclusions of law entered in the case by courts 
or  administrative  agencies,  and,  if  reference  thereto  is necessary  to  ascertain  the  grounds  of  the  judgment,  of 
those  in  companion  cases  (each  document  shall  include the  caption  showing  the  name  of  the  issuing  court  or 
agency,  the  title  and  number  of  the  case,  and  the  date of entry); 
(iii)  any  order  on  rehearing,  including  the  caption showing  the  name  of  the  issuing  court,  the  title  and 
number of the case, and the date of entry; (iv)  the  judgment  sought  to  be  reviewed  if  the  date 
of  its  entry  is  different  from  the  date  of  the  opinionor  order  required  in  sub-subparagraph  (i)  of  this subparagraph; 
(v)  material  required  by  subparagraphs  1(f )  or 1(g)(i); and (vi)  any  other material  the  petitioner  believes  essen-­
tial to understand the petition.   If the material required by this subparagraph is voluminous, it  may  be  presented  in  a  separate  volume  or  volumes  with appropriate covers. 
2.  All  contentions  in  support  of  a  petition  for  a  writ  of certiorari shall be set out in the body of the petition, as pro­
vided in  subparagraph  1(h)  of  this Rule.  No  separate  brief in support of  a petition  for  a writ  of certiorari may be filed, 
and the Clerk will not file any petition for a writ of certiorari to which any supporting brief is annexed or appended. 
3.  A  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  should  be  stated briefly  and  in  plain  terms  and  may  not  exceed  the  word  or 
page limitations specified in Rule 33. 
4.  The  failure  of  a  petitioner  to  present  with  accuracy, brevity,  and  clarity  whatever  is  essential  to  ready  and  ade­
quate understanding of the points requiring consideration is sufficient reason  for the Court to deny a petition. 
5.  If the Clerk determines that a petition submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not comply with this 
Rule  or  with  Rule  33  or  Rule  34,  the  Clerk  will  return  it with a letter indicating the deficiency.  A corrected petition 
submitted in accordance with Rule 29.2 no more than 60 days after the date of the Clerk’s letter will be deemed timely. 
Rule 15. Briefs in Opposition; Reply Briefs; Supplemental Briefs
1.  A brief in opposition to a petition for a writ of certiorari may be filed by the respondent in any case, but is not manda­
tory  except  in  a  capital  case,  see  Rule  14.1(a),  or  when  or­dered by the Court. 
2.  A  brief  in  opposition  should  be  stated  briefly  and  in plain terms and may not exceed the word or page limitations
specified in  Rule  33.  In  addition  to  presenting  other  argu­ments for denying the petition, the brief in opposition should 
address  any  perceived  misstatement  of  fact  or  law  in  the petition that bears on what issues properly would be before 
the  Court  if  certiorari  were  granted.  Counsel  are  admon­ished  that  they have  an  obligation to  the Court  to point  out 
in  the  brief  in  opposition,  and  not  later,  any  perceived  mis­-statement made in the petition.  Any objection to consider­
ation of a question presented based on what occurred in the proceedings  below,  if  the  objection  does  not  go  to  jurisdic­
tion, may be deemed waived unless called  to  the Court’s  at­tention in the brief in opposition. 
3.  Any  brief  in  opposition  shall  be  filed  within  30  days after the case is placed on the docket, unless the time is ex­
tended by the Court or a Justice, or by the Clerk under Rule 30.4.  Forty  copies  shall  be  filed,  except  that  a  respondent 
proceeding  in forma pauperis under  Rule  39,  including  an inmate  of  an  institution,  shall  file  the  number  of  copies  re­
quired  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person  under  Rule  12.2,  to­gether with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis,
a  copy  of which  shall  precede  and  be  attached  to  each  copy of  the  brief  in  opposition.  If  the  petitioner  is  proceeding 
in forma pauperis, the respondent shall prepare its brief in opposition, if  any,  as required by Rule  33.2,  and shall file  an 
original  and  10  copies  of  that  brief.  Whether  prepared under  Rule  33.1  or  Rule  33.2,  the  brief  in  opposition  shall 
comply  with  the  requirements  of  Rule  24  governing  a  re­spondent’s brief, except that no summary of the argument is 
required.  A brief in opposition may not be  joined with any other  pleading,  except  that  any motion  for leave  to  proceed 
in forma pauperis shall  be  attached.  The  brief  in  opposi­tion shall be served as required by Rule 29. 
4.  No  motion  by  a  respondent  to  dismiss  a  petition  for  a writ of certiorari may be filed.  Any objections to the juris­
diction of the Court to grant a petition for a writ of certiorari shall be included in the brief in opposition. 
5.  The  Clerk  will  distribute  the  petition  to  the  Court  for its  consideration  upon  receiving  an  express  waiver  of  the
right  to file  a brief in  opposition,  or, if  no waiver  or brief in opposition  is  filed,  upon  the  expiration  of  the  time  allowed 
for  filing.  If  a  brief in  opposition  is  timely  filed,  the  Clerk will distribute the petition, brief in opposition, and any reply 
brief  to  the Court  for its  consideration  no less  than  10  days after the brief in opposition is filed. 
6.  Any  petitioner may  file  a  reply  brief  addressed  to  new points  raised in  the  brief in  opposition,  but  distribution  and 
consideration  by  the  Court  under  paragraph  5  of  this  Rule will not be deferred pending its receipt.  Forty copies shall 
be  filed,  except  that  a  petitioner  proceeding  in forma pau­peris under  Rule  39,  including  an  inmate  of  an  institution, 
shall file the number of copies required for a petition by such a  person  under  Rule  12.2.  The  reply  brief  shall  be  served 
as required by Rule 29. 
7.  If a cross-petition for a writ of certiorari has been dock­eted, distribution of both petitions will be deferred until the 
cross-petition is due  for distribution under this Rule. 
8.  Any  party  may  file  a  supplemental  brief  at  any  time while  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari  is  pending,  calling 
attention to new cases, new legislation, or other intervening matter not available at the time of the party’s last filing.  A 
supplemental  brief  shall  be  restricted  to  new  matter  and shall follow, insofar as applicable, the form for a brief in oppo­
sition  prescribed  by  this  Rule.  Forty  copies  shall  be  filed, except  that  a  party  proceeding  in forma pauperis under 
Rule  39,  including  an  inmate  of  an  institution,  shall  file  the number  of  copies  required  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person 
under Rule 12.2.  The supplemental brief shall be served as 
required by Rule 29. 
Rule 16. Disposition of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari
1.  After  considering  the  documents  distributed  under Rule  15,  the  Court  will  enter  an  appropriate  order.  The 
order may be a summary disposition on the merits. 
2.  Whenever the Court grants a petition for a writ of cer­tiorari,  the  Clerk  will  prepare,  sign,  and  enter  an  order  to  
that  effect  and  will  notify  forthwith  counsel  of  record  and the court whose judgment is to be reviewed.  The case then 
will be scheduled for briefing and oral argument.  If the rec­ord has not previously been filed in this Court, the Clerk will 
request the clerk of the court having possession of the record to  certify  and  transmit it.  A  formal writ will  not issue  un­
less specially directed. 
3.  Whenever the Court denies a petition for a writ of cer­tiorari,  the  Clerk  will  prepare,  sign,  and  enter  an  order  to 
that  effect  and  will  notify  forthwith  counsel  of  record  and the court whose judgment was sought to be reviewed.  The 
order  of denial will not  be suspended  pending  disposition  of a  petition  for  rehearing  except  by  order  of  the  Court  or  a 

Rule 17. Procedure in an Original Action
1.  This Rule applies only to an action invoking the Court’s  original  jurisdiction  under Article  III  of  the Constitution  of 
the  United  States.  See  also  28  U. S. C.  § 1251  and  U.  S. Const.,  Amdt.  11.  A  petition  for  an  extraordinary  writ  in 
aid of the Court’s appellate jurisdiction shall be filed as pro­vided in Rule 20. 
2.  The  form  of  pleadings  and  motions  prescribed  by  the Federal  Rules  of  Civil  Procedure  is  followed.  In  other  re­
spects,  those Rules  and  the  Federal Rules  of Evidence may be taken as guides. 
3.  The  initial  pleading  shall  be  preceded  by  a  motion  for leave  to  file,  and may  be  accompanied  by  a  brief in  support 
of the motion.  Forty copies of each document shall be filed, with proof  of service.  Service shall be as required by Rule 
29,  except  that  when  an  adverse  party  is  a  State,  service shall  be made  on  both  the  Governor  and  the Attorney  Gen-­
eral of that State. 
4.  The case will be placed  on the docket when  the motion for  leave  to  file  and  the  initial  pleading  are  filed  with  the 
Clerk.  The Rule 38(a) docket fee shall be paid at that time.
5.  No  more  than  60  days  after  receiving  the  motion  for leave  to  file  and  the  initial  pleading,  an  adverse  party  shall 
file  40  copies  of  any  brief  in  opposition  to  the  motion,  with proof of service as required by Rule 29.  The Clerk will dis­
tribute the filed documents to the Court for its consideration upon  receiving  an  express waiver  of  the  right  to  file  a  brief 
in opposition, or, if no waiver or brief is filed, upon the expi­ration of the time allowed for filing.  If a brief in opposition 
is  timely  filed,  the  Clerk will  distribute  the  filed  documents to  the Court  for its  consideration no less  than  10 days  after 
the  brief  in  opposition  is  filed.  A  reply  brief  may  be  filed, but consideration of the case will not be deferred pending its 
receipt.  The  Court  thereafter  may  grant  or  deny  the  mo­tion,  set  it  for  oral  argument,  direct  that  additional  docu­
ments  be  filed,  or  require  that  other  proceedings  be conducted. 
6.  A summons issued  out of this Court shall be served on the  defendant  60  days  before  the  return  day  specified 
therein.  If  the  defendant  does  not  respond  by  the  return day, the plaintiff may proceed ex parte.
7.  Process against a State issued out of this Court shall be served  on  both  the  Governor  and  the  Attorney  General  of 
that State. 
Rule 18. Appeal from a United States District Court
1.  When a direct appeal from a decision of a United States district court is authorized by law, the appeal is commenced 
by filing a notice of appeal with the clerk of the district court within the time provided by law after entry of the judgment 
sought  to  be  reviewed.  The  time  to  file  may  not  be  ex­tended.  The notice of appeal shall specify the parties taking 
the  appeal,  designate  the  judgment,  or  part  thereof,  ap­pealed from and the date of its entry, and specify the statute 
or statutes under which the  appeal is taken.  A copy  of the notice of appeal shall be served on all parties to the proceed­
ing as required by Rule 29, and proof of service shall be filed in the district court together with the notice of appeal.
2.  All  parties  to  the  proceeding  in  the  district  court  are deemed  parties  entitled  to  file  documents in  this Court,  but 
a party having no interest in the outcome of the appeal may so  notify  the  Clerk  of  this  Court  and  shall  serve  a  copy  of 
the  notice  on  all  other  parties.  Parties  interested  jointly, severally,  or  otherwise  in  the  judgment  may  appeal  sepa­
rately,  or  any  two  or  more  may  join  in  an  appeal.  When two or more judgments involving identical or closely related 
questions are sought to be reviewed on appeal from the same court, a notice of appeal for each judgment shall be filed with 
the  clerk  of  the  district  court,  but  a  single  jurisdictional statement covering all the judgments suffices.  Parties who 
file  no  document  will  not  qualify  for  any  relief  from  this Court. 
3.  No  more  than  60  days  after  filing  the  notice  of  appeal in  the  district  court,  the  appellant  shall  file  40  copies  of  a 
jurisdictional statement and shall pay the Rule 38 docket fee, except  that  an  appellant  proceeding  in forma pauperisunder Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall file the number of copies required for a petition by such a person 
under Rule 12.2, together with a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, a  copy  of  which  shall  precede  and  be 
attached  to  each  copy  of  the  jurisdictional  statement.  The jurisdictional  statement  shall  follow,  insofar  as  applicable, 
the  form  for a petition  for a writ of certiorari prescribed by Rule  14,  and  shall  be  served  as  required  by  Rule  29.  The 
case will then be placed on the docket.  It is the appellant’s duty  to  notify  all  appellees  promptly,  on  a  form  supplied  by 
the Clerk, of  the date  of filing, the date  the case was placed on  the  docket,  and  the docket  number  of  the  case.  The  no­
tice  shall  be  served  as  required  by  Rule  29.  The  appendix shall include a copy of the notice of appeal showing the date 
it  was  filed in  the  district  court.  For  good  cause,  a  Justice may  extend  the  time  to  file  a  jurisdictional  statement  for  a 
period not exceeding 60 days.  An application to extend the time  to file  a  jurisdictional statement shall set  out the basis 
for  jurisdiction  in  this  Court;  identify  the  judgment  sought to  be  reviewed; include  a  copy  of  the  opinion,  any  order  re­-
specting rehearing, and the notice of appeal; and set out spe­cific  reasons why  an  extension  of  time is  justified.  For  the 
time and manner of presenting the application, see Rules 21, 22, and 30.  An application to extend the time to file a juris­
dictional statement is not  favored. 
4.  No  more  than  30  days  after  a  case  has  been  placed  on the  docket,  an  appellee  seeking  to  file  a  conditional  cross­
appeal  (i. e., a  cross-appeal  that  otherwise  would  be  un­timely)  shall  file,  with  proof  of  service  as  required  by  Rule 
29,  a  jurisdictional  statement  that  complies  in  all  respects (including  number  of  copies  filed)  with  paragraph  3  of  this 
Rule, except that material already reproduced in the appen­dix  to  the  opening  jurisdictional  statement  need  not  be  re­
produced  again.  A  cross-appealing  appellee  shall  pay  the Rule  38  docket  fee  or  submit  a  motion  for  leave  to  proceed 
in forma pauperis. The cover of the cross-appeal shall indi­cate clearly that it is a conditional cross-appeal.  The cross­
appeal  then  will  be  placed  on  the  docket.  It  is  the  cross­ appellant’s  duty  to  notify  all  cross-appellees  promptly,  on  a 
form supplied by the Clerk, of the date of filing, the date the cross-appeal was placed  on  the docket,  and  the docket num­
ber  of  the  cross-appeal.  The  notice  shall  be  served  as  re­quired  by  Rule  29.  A  cross-appeal may  not  be  joined  with 
any other pleading, except that any motion  for leave to pro­ceed  in forma pauperis shall be  attached.  The  time  to  file 
a cross-appeal will not be extended. 
5.  After  a  notice  of  appeal  has  been  filed  in  the  district court,  but  before  the  case  is  placed  on  this  Court’s  docket, 
the parties may dismiss the appeal by stipulation filed in the district  court,  or  the  district  court  may  dismiss  the  appeal 
on  the  appellant’s  motion,  with  notice  to  all  parties.  If  a notice  of  appeal  has  been  filed,  but  the  case  has  not  been 
placed on this Court’s docket within the time prescribed  for docketing,  the  district  court  may  dismiss  the  appeal  on  the 
appellee’s  motion,  with  notice  to  all  parties,  and  may  make any  just  order  with  respect  to  costs.  If  the  district  court 
has  denied  the  appellee’s  motion  to  dismiss  the  appeal,  the appellee may move this Court to docket and dismiss the ap­-
peal by filing an original and 10 copies of a motion presented in  conformity with  Rules  21  and  33.2.  The motion  shall  be 
accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 29, and by a certificate from the clerk of the district court, certifying 
that  a  notice  of  appeal was  filed  and  that  the  appellee’s mo­tion to dismiss was denied.  The appellant may not thereaf­
ter file a jurisdictional statement without special leave of the Court, and the Court may allow costs  against the appellant. 
6.  Within  30  days  after  the  case is  placed  on  this  Court’s docket,  the  appellee  may  file  a motion  to  dismiss,  to  affirm, 
or  in  the  alternative  to  affirm  or  dismiss.  Forty  copies  of the motion shall be filed, except that an appellee proceeding 
in forma pauperis under Rule 39, including an inmate of an institution, shall file the number of copies required for a peti­
tion  by  such  a  person  under  Rule  12.2,  together with  a mo­tion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, a copy of which 
shall  precede  and  be  attached  to  each  copy  of  the motion  to dismiss,  to  affirm,  or in  the  alternative  to  affirm  or  dismiss. 
The motion shall  follow, insofar as applicable, the  form  for a brief  in  opposition  prescribed  by  Rule  15,  and  shall  comply 
in all respects with Rule 21. 
7.  The Clerk will distribute the jurisdictional statement to the  Court  for  its  consideration  upon  receiving  an  express 
waiver of the right to file a motion to dismiss or to affirm or, if  no  waiver  or  motion  is  filed,  upon  the  expiration  of  the 
time  allowed  for  filing.  If  a motion  to  dismiss  or  to  affirm is  timely  filed,  the  Clerk  will  distribute  the  jurisdictional 
statement, motion, and any brief opposing the motion to the Court  for  its  consideration  no  less  than  10  days  after  the 
motion is filed. 
8.  Any appellant may file a brief opposing a motion to dis­miss  or  to  affirm,  but  distribution  and  consideration  by  the 
Court  under  paragraph  7  of  this  Rule  will  not  be  deferred pending its receipt.  Forty copies shall be filed,  except  that 
an  appellant  proceeding  in forma pauperis under  Rule  39, including an inmate of an institution, shall file the number of 
copies  required  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person  under  Rule 12.2.  The brief shall be served as required by Rule 29. 
9.  If a cross-appeal has been docketed, distribution of both jurisdictional  statements  will  be  deferred  until  the  cross­
appeal is due  for distribution under this Rule. 
10.  Any  party  may  file  a  supplemental  brief  at  any  time while a  jurisdictional statement is pending, calling attention 
to  new  cases,  new  legislation,  or  other  intervening  matter not available at the time of the party’s last filing.  A supple­
mental brief shall be restricted  to new matter and shall  fol­low,  insofar  as  applicable,  the  form  for  a  brief  in  opposition 
prescribed  by  Rule  15.  Forty  copies  shall  be  filed,  except that  a  party  proceeding  in forma pauperis under  Rule  39, 
including an inmate of an institution, shall file the number of copies  required  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person  under  Rule 
12.2.  The supplemental brief shall be served as required by Rule 29. 
11.  The  clerk  of  the  district  court  shall  retain  possession of the record until notified by the Clerk of this Court to cer­
tify and transmit it.  See Rule 12.7. 
12.  After  considering  the  documents  distributed  under this Rule, the Court may dispose summarily of the appeal on 
the merits, note probable  jurisdiction,  or postpone consider­ation of jurisdiction until a hearing of the case on the merits. 
If not disposed of summarily, the case stands for briefing and oral argument on the merits.  If consideration of jurisdiction 
is postponed, counsel, at the outset of their briefs and at oral argument, shall address the question of  jurisdiction.  If the 
record has not previously been filed in this Court, the Clerk of this Court will request the clerk of the court in possession 
of the record to certify and transmit it. 
13.  If the Clerk determines that a jurisdictional statement submitted timely and in good faith is in a form that does not 
comply with this Rule or with Rule 33 or Rule 34, the Clerk will  return  it  with  a  letter  indicating  the  deficiency.  If  a 
corrected jurisdictional statement is submitted in accordance with  Rule  29.2  no  more  than  60  days  after  the  date  of  the 
Clerk’s letter it will be deemed timely.
Rule 19. Procedure on a Certified Question
1.  A  United  States  court  of  appeals  may  certify  to  this Court  a question  or  proposition  of law  on which it  seeks in­
struction  for  the  proper  decision  of  a  case.  The  certificate shall  contain  a  statement  of  the  nature  of  the  case  and  the 
facts  on  which  the  question  or  proposition  of  law  arises.  Only  questions  or  propositions  of  law  may  be  certified,  and 
they shall be stated separately and with precision.  The cer­tificate shall be prepared  as required by Rule 33.2  and shall
be signed by the clerk of the court of appeals. 
2.  When  a  question  is  certified  by  a  United  States  court of  appeals,  this  Court,  on its  own motion  or  that  of  a  party, 
may  consider  and  decide  the  entire  matter  in  controversy. See 28 U. S. C. § 1254(2). 
3.  When  a  question  is  certified,  the  Clerk  will  notify  the parties  and docket  the case.  Counsel shall  then enter  their 
appearances.  After  docketing,  the  Clerk  will  submit  the certificate to the Court  for a preliminary examination to de-­
termine  whether  the  case  should  be  briefed,  set  for  argu­ment, or dismissed.  No brief may be filed until the prelimi-­
nary examination of the certificate is completed. 
4.  If the Court orders the case briefed or set for argument, the parties will be notified and permitted to file briefs.  The 
Clerk  of  this  Court  then  will  request  the  clerk  of  the  court in  possession  of  the  record  to  certify  and  transmit it.  Any 
portion of the record to which the parties wish to direct the Court’s  particular  attention  should  be  printed in  a  joint  ap­
pendix, prepared in conformity with Rule 26 by the appellant or  petitioner  in  the  court  of  appeals,  but  the  fact  that  any 
part of the record has not been printed does not prevent the parties or the Court  from relying on it. 
5.  A  brief  on  the  merits  in  a  case  involving  a  certified question shall comply with Rules 24, 25, and 33.1, except that 
the  brief  for  the  party  who  is  the  appellant  or  petitioner below  shall  be  filed  within  45  days  of  the  order  requiring 
briefs or setting the case  for argument. 
Rule 20. Procedure on a Petition for an Extraordinary Writ
1.  Issuance by the Court of an extraordinary writ author­ized  by  28  U. S. C.  § 1651(a)  is  not  a  matter  of  right,  but  of 
discretion  sparingly  exercised.  To  justify  the  granting  of any  such  writ,  the  petition must  show  that  the writ will  be 
in  aid  of  the  Court’s  appellate  jurisdiction,  that  exceptional circumstances warrant the exercise of the Court’s discretion­
ary  powers,  and  that  adequate  relief  cannot  be  obtained  in any other  form or  from any other court. 
2.  A  petition  seeking  a  writ  authorized  by  28  U. S. C. § 1651(a), § 2241, or § 2254(a) shall be prepared in all respects 
as  required  by  Rules  33  and  34.  The  petition  shall  be  cap­tioned  “In re [name  of  petitioner]”  and  shall  follow,  insofar 
as  applicable,  the  form  of  a  petition  for  a  writ  of  certiorari prescribed  by  Rule  14.  All  contentions  in  support  of  the 
petition  shall  be  included  in  the  petition.  The  case  will  be placed on the docket when 40 copies of the petition are filed 
with the Clerk and the docket fee is paid, except that a peti­tioner proceeding  in forma pauperis under Rule  39, includ-­
ing an inmate of an institution, shall file the number of copies required  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person  under  Rule  12.2, 
together  with  a  motion  for  leave  to  proceed  in forma pau­peris, a copy of which shall precede and be attached to each 
copy  of  the  petition.  The  petition  shall  be  served  as  re­quired by Rule 29 (subject to subparagraph 4(b) of this Rule). 
3.  (a)  A  petition  seeking  a  writ  of  prohibition,  a  writ  of mandamus,  or  both  in  the  alternative  shall  state  the  name 
and office or  function of every person against whom relief is sought  and  shall  set  out  with  particularity  why  the  relief 
sought  is  not  available  in  any  other  court.  A  copy  of  the judgment with respect to which the writ is sought, including 
any  related  opinion,  shall  be  appended  to  the  petition  to­gether  with  any  other  document  essential  to  understanding 
the petition. 
(b)  The petition shall be served on every party to the pro­ceeding  with  respect  to  which  relief  is  sought.  Within  30
days after the petition is placed on the docket, a party shall file  40  copies  of  any  brief  or  briefs  in  opposition  thereto, 
which shall comply fully with Rule 15.  If a party named as a  respondent  does  not  wish  to  respond  to  the  petition,  that 
party may so advise the Clerk and all other parties by letter.  All persons served are deemed respondents  for all purposes 
in the proceedings in this Court. 
4.  (a)  A  petition  seeking  a  writ  of  habeas  corpus  shall comply with the requirements of 28 U. S. C. §§ 2241 and 2242, 
and in particular with the provision in the last paragraph of § 2242,  which  requires  a  statement  of  the  “reasons  for  not 
making  application  to  the  district  court  of  the  district  in which the applicant is held.”  If the relief sought is from the 
judgment  of  a  state  court,  the  petition  shall  set  out  specifi­cally  how  and  where  the  petitioner  has  exhausted  available 
remedies in  the  state  courts  or  otherwise  comes  within  the provisions  of  28  U. S. C.  § 2254(b).  To  justify  the  granting 
of  a  writ  of  habeas  corpus,  the  petitioner  must  show  that exceptional  circumstances  warrant  the  exercise  of  the 
Court’s discretionary powers, and that adequate relief cannot be obtained in any other form or from any other court.  This 
writ is rarely granted. 
(b)  Habeas corpus proceedings, except in capital cases, are ex parte, unless  the  Court  requires  the  respondent  to  show 
cause why the petition for a writ of habeas corpus should not be granted.  A response, if ordered, or in a capital case, shall 
comply  fully  with  Rule  15.  Neither  the  denial  of  the  peti­tion, without more, nor an order of transfer to a district court 
under the authority of 28 U. S. C. § 2241(b), is an adjudication on the merits, and therefore does not preclude further appli­
cation to another court  for the relief sought. 
5.  The  Clerk  will  distribute  the  documents  to  the  Court for its consideration when a brief in opposition under subpar­
agraph  3(b)  of  this  Rule  has  been  filed,  when  a  response under  subparagraph  4(b)  has  been  ordered  and  filed,  when 
the time to file has expired, or when the right to file has been expressly waived. 
6.  If the Court orders the case set for argument, the Clerk will notify the parties whether additional briefs are required, 
when  they  shall  be  filed,  and, if  the  case involves  a  petition for  a  common-law  writ  of  certiorari,  that  the  parties  shall 
prepare a  joint appendix in accordance with Rule 26. 

Rule 21. Motions to the Court
1.  Every  motion  to  the  Court  shall  clearly  state  its  pur­pose and the facts on which it is based and may present legal 
argument  in  support  thereof.  No  separate  brief  may  be filed.  A motion should be concise and shall comply with any 
applicable  page  limits.  Rule  22  governs  an  application  ad­dressed to a single Justice. 
2.  (a)  A  motion  in  any  action  within  the  Court’s  original jurisdiction shall comply with Rule 17.3. 
(b)  A motion to dismiss as moot  (or a suggestion of moot­ness), a motion for leave to file a brief as amicus curiae, and 
any motion the granting of which would dispose of the entire case or would affect  the final  judgment  to be  entered  (other 
than  a  motion  to  docket  and  dismiss  under  Rule  18.5  or  a motion  for  voluntary  dismissal  under  Rule  46)  shall  be  pre­
pared  as  required  by Rule  33.1,  and  40  copies  shall  be  filed, except  that  a  movant  proceeding  in forma pauperis under 
Rule  39,  including  an  inmate  of  an  institution,  shall  file  a motion prepared  as required  by Rule  33.2,  and  shall file  the 
number  of  copies  required  for  a  petition  by  such  a  person under Rule 12.2.  The motion shall be served as required by 
Rule 29. 
(c)  Any  other  motion  to  the  Court  shall  be  prepared  as required by Rule 33.2; the moving party shall file an original 
and 10 copies.  The Court subsequently may order the mov­
ing party to prepare the motion as required by Rule 33.1; in that event, the party shall file 40 copies. 
3.  A motion to the Court shall be filed with the Clerk and shall be accompanied by proof of service as required by Rule 
29.  No motion may be presented in open Court, other than a motion for admission to the Bar, except when the proceed­ing
 to which it refers is being  argued.  Oral  argument  on  a motion will not be permitted unless the Court so directs. 
4.  Any  response  to  a motion  shall  be  filed  as  promptly  as possible  considering  the  nature  of  the  relief  sought  and  any 
asserted  need  for  emergency  action,  and,  in  any  event, within  10  days  of  receipt,  unless  the  Court  or  a  Justice,  or 
the Clerk under Rule 30.4, orders otherwise.  A response to a  motion  prepared  as  required  by  Rule  33.1,  except  a  re­
sponse  to  a  motion  for  leave  to  file  an  amicus curiae brief (see Rule 37.5), shall be prepared in the same manner if time 
permits.  In  an  appropriate  case,  the  Court  may  act  on  a motion without waiting  for a response. 
Rule 22. Applications to Individual Justices
1.  An  application  addressed  to  an  individual  Justice  shall be filed with the Clerk, who will transmit it promptly to the 
Justice  concerned  if  an  individual  Justice  has  authority  to grant the sought relief. 
2.  The  original  and  two  copies  of  any  application  ad­dressed to an individual Justice shall be prepared as required 
by  Rule  33.2,  and  shall  be  accompanied  by  proof  of  service as required by Rule 29. 
3.  An application shall be addressed to the Justice allotted to  the  Circuit  from  which  the  case  arises.  An  application 
arising  from  the  United  States  Court  of  Appeals  for  the Armed  Forces  shall  be  addressed  to  the  Chief  Justice. 
When  the  Circuit  Justice  is  unavailable  for  any  reason,  the application  addressed  to  that  Justice  will  be  distributed  to 
the  Justice  then  available  who  is  next  junior  to  the  Circuit Justice; the turn of the Chief Justice follows that of the most 
junior Justice. 
4.  A  Justice  denying  an  application  will  note  the  denial thereon.  Thereafter,  unless  action  thereon is  restricted  by 
law  to  the  Circuit  Justice  or  is  untimely  under  Rule  30.2, the  party  making  an  application,  except  in  the  case  of  an 
application  for  an  extension  of  time,  may  renew  it  to  any other Justice, subject to the provisions of this Rule.  Except 
when  the  denial is without prejudice,  a  renewed  application is  not  favored.  Renewed  application is made  by  a letter  to 
the Clerk, designating the Justice to whom the application is to be directed, and  accompanied by 10 copies of  the original 
application and proof of service as required by Rule 29. 
5.  A  Justice  to whom  an  application  for  a  stay  or  for  bail is submitted may refer it to the Court  for determination. 
6.  The  Clerk  will  advise  all  parties  concerned,  by  appro­priately  speedy  means,  of  the  disposition  made  of  an 
Rule 23. Stays
1.  A stay may be granted by a Justice as permitted by law. 
2.  A party to a judgment sought to be reviewed may pre­sent  to  a  Justice  an  application  to  stay  the  enforcement  of 
that  judgment.  See 28 U. S. C. § 2101(f ). 
3.  An application for a stay shall set out with particularity why  the  relief  sought  is  not  available  from  any  other  court 
or  judge.  Except in  the most  extraordinary  circumstances, an  application  for  a  stay  will  not  be  entertained  unless  the 
relief requested was first sought in the appropriate court or courts below or from a judge or judges thereof.  An applica­
tion  for  a  stay  shall  identify  the  judgment  sought  to  be  re­viewed  and  have  appended  thereto  a  copy  of  the  order  and 
opinion,  if  any,  and  a  copy  of  the  order,  if  any,  of  the  court or  judge  below  denying  the  relief  sought,  and  shall  set  out 
specific  reasons  why  a  stay is  justified.  The  form  and  con­tent  of  an  application  for  a  stay  are  governed  by  Rules  22 
and 33.2. 
4.  A  judge,  court,  or  Justice  granting  an  application  for  a stay pending review by this Court may condition the stay on 
the  filing  of  a  supersedeas  bond  having  an  approved  surety or sureties.  The bond will be conditioned on the satisfaction 
of the judgment in full, together with any costs, interest, and damages  for  delay  that  may  be  awarded.  If  a  part  of  the 
judgment  sought  to  be  reviewed  has  already  been  satisfied, or is otherwise secured, the bond may be conditioned on the
satisfaction  of  the  part  of  the  judgment  not  otherwise  se­cured or satisfied, together with costs, interest, and damages.