Pg. 3

>lFhtan; pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, G. erO, orig. meaning out)
+ lFhtan, to alight, orig. to render light, to remove a
burden from, fr. lFht, leoht, light. See Light, v. i.] 1. To
spring down, get down, or descend, as from on horseback or
from a carriage; to dismount. 
2. To descend and settle, lodge, rest, or stop; as, a flying
bird alights on a tree; snow alights on a roof.
3. To come or chance (upon). [R.]
AOlight6, a. [Pref. aO + light.] Lighted; lighted up; in a
flame. =The lamps were alight.8
AOlign6 (?), v. t. [F. aligner; . (L. ad) + ligne (L. linea)
line. See Line, and cf. Allineate.] To adjust or form to a
line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to
AOlign6, v. t. To form in line; to fall into line.
AOlign6ment (?), n. [F. alignement.] 1. The act of adjusting
to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the state of
being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the
line of adjustment; esp., an imaginary line to regulate the
formation of troops or of a squadron. 
2. (Engin.) The groundOplan of a railway or other road, in
distinction from the grades or profile.
AOlike6 (?), a. [AS. onlFc, gelFc; pref. > + like.] Having
resemblance or similitude; similar; without difference. [Now
used only predicatively.]
The darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
Ps. cxxxix. 12.
AOlike6, adv. [AS. gelFce, onlFce.] In the same manner,
form, or degree; in common; equally; as, we are all alike
concerne? in religion.
AOlike6Pmind7ed (?), a. LikePminded. [Obs.]
Al6iOment (?), n. [L. alimentum, fr. alere to nourish; akin
to Goth. alan to grow, Icel. ala to nourish: cf. F. aliment.
See Old.] 1. That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything
which feeds or adds to a substance in natural growth. Hence:
The necessaries of life generally: sustenance; means of
Aliments of thei? sloth and weakness.
2. An allowance for maintenance. [Scot.]
Al6iOment, v. t. 1. To nourish; to support.
2. To provide for the maintenance of. [Scot.]
Al7iOmen6tal (?), a. Supplying food; having the quality of
nourishing; furnishing the materials for natural growth; as,
alimental sap.
A7liOmen6talOly, adv. So as to serve for nourishment or
food; nourishing quality.
Sir T. Browne.

Al7iOmen6taOriOness (?), n. The quality of being alimentary;
nourishing quality. [R.]
Al7iOmen6taOry (?), a. [L. alimentarius, fr. alimentum: cf.
F. alimentaire.] Pertaining to aliment or food, or to the
function of nutrition; nutritious; alimental; as, alimentary
w canal, the entire channel, extending from the mouth to the
?nus, by which aliments are conveyed through the body, and
the useless parts ejected.
Al7iOmenOta6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alimentation, LL.
alimentatio.] 1. The act or process of affording nutriment;
the function of the alimentary canal.
2. State or mode of being nourished.
Al7iOmen6tiveOness (?), n. The instinct or faculty of
appetite for food. [Chiefly in Phrenol.]
Al7iOmo6niOous (?), a. Affording food; nourishing. [R.]
=Alimonious humors.8
Al6iOmoOny (?), n. [L. alimonia, alimonium, nourishment,
sustenance, fr. alere to nourish.] 1. Maintenance; means of
2. (Law) An allowance made to a wife out of her husband's
estate or income for her support, upon her divorce or legal
separation from him, or during a suit for the same.
Wharton. Burrill.
Al7iOna6sal (?), a. [L. ala wing + E. nasal.] (Anat.)
Pertaining to expansions of the nasal bone or cartilage.
AOline6 (?), v. t. To range or place in a line; to bring
into line; to align.
AOlin7eOa6tion (?), n. See Allineation.
AOline6ment (?), n. Same as Alignment.
The Eng. form alinement is preferable to alignment, a bad
spelling of the Fr[ench].
New Eng. Dict. (Murray).
AOlin6er (?), n. One who adjusts things to a line or lines
or brings them into line.
Al6iOoth (?), n. [Ar. aly>t the tail of a fat sheep.]
(Astron.) A star in the tail of the Great Bear, the one next
the bowl in the Dipper.
Al6iOped (?), a. [L. alipes; ala wing + pes, pedis, foot:
cf. F. alip
de.] (Zo.l.) WingOfooted, as the bat. P n. An
animal whose toes are connected by a membrane, serving for a
wing, as the bat. 
Al6iOquant (?), a. [L. aliquantus some, moderate; alius
other + quantus how great: cf. F. aliquante.] (Math.) An
aliquant part of a number or quantity is one which does not
divide it without leaving a remainder; thus, 5 is an
aliquant part of 16. Opposed to aliquot.
Al6iOquot (?), a. [L. aliquot some, several; alius other +
quot how many: cf. F. aliquote.] (Math.) An aliquot part of
a number or quantity is one which will divide it without a
remainder; thus, 5 is an aliquot part of 15. Opposed to
Al7iOsep6tal (?), a. [L. ala wing + E. septal.] (Anat.)
Relating to expansions of the nasal septum.
Al6ish (?), a. Like ale; as, an alish taste.
Al7iOsphe6noid (?), Al7iOspheOnoid6al (?), } a. [L. ala wing
+ E. sphenoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to or forming the wing of
the sphenoid; relating to a bone in the base of the skull,
which in the adult is often consolidated with the sphenoid;
as, alisphenoid bone; alisphenoid canal.
Al7iOsphe6noid, n. (Anat.) The ~ bone.
Al6iOtrunk (?), n. [L. ala wing + truncus trunk.] (Zo.l.)
The segment of the body of an insect to which the wings are
attached; the thorax.
Al7iOtur6gicOal (?), a. [Pref. aO + liturgical.] (Eccl.)
Applied to those days when the holy sacrifice is not
X A7liOun6de (?), adv. & a. [L.] (Law) From another source;
from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.
AOlive6 (?), a. [OE. on live, AS. on lFfe in life; lFfe
being dat. of lFf life. See Life, and cf. Live, a.] 1.
Having life, in opposition to dead; living; being in a state
in which the organs perform their functions; as, an animal
or a plant which is alive.
2. In a state of action; in force or operation;
unextinguished; unexpired; existent; as, to keep the fire
alive; to keep the affections alive.
3. Exhibiting the activity and motion of many living beings;
swarming; thronged.
The Boyne, for a quarter of a mile, was alive with muskets
and green boughs.

4. Sprightly; lively; brisk.
5. Having susceptibility; easily impressed; having lively
feelings, as opposed to apathy; sensitive.
Tremblingly alive to nature's laws.
6. Of all living (by way of emphasis).
Northumberland was the proudest man alive.
Used colloquially as an intensive; as, man alive!
5 Alive always follows the noun which it qualifies.
X A7liOza6ri (?), n. [Perh. fr. Ar. 'a?>rah juice extracted
from a plant, fr. 'a?ara to press.] (Com.) The madder of the
Brande & C.
AOliz6aOrin (?), n. [F. alizarine, fr. alizari.] (Chem.) A
coloring principle, C14H6O2 (OH)2, found in madder, and now
produced artificially from anthracene. It produces the
Turkish reds.
Al6kaOhest (?), n. [LL. alchahest, F. alcahest, a word that
has an Arabic appearance, but was probably arbitrarily
formed by Paracelsus.] The fabled =universal solvent8 of the
alchemists; a menstruum capable of dissolving all bodies. P
Al7kaOhes6tic (?), a.
Al7kalOam6ide (?), n. [Alkali + amide.] (Chem.) One of a
series of compounds that may be regarded as ammonia in which
a part of the hydrogen has been replaced by basic, and
another part by acid, atoms or radicals.
Al7kaOles7cence (?), Al7kaOles6cenOcy (?), } n. A tendency
to become alkaline; or the state of a substance in which
alkaline properties begin to be developed, or to
Al7kaOles6cent (?), a. [Cf. F. alcalescent.] Tending to the
properties of an alkali; slightly alkaline.
Al6kaOli (?; 277), n. pl. Alkalis or Alkalies (?). [F.
alcali, ultimately fr. Ar. alqalF ashes of the plant
saltwort, fr. qalay to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash;
caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.
2. (Chem.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda,
potash, ammoma, and lithia, whose distinguishing
peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting
with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming
salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable
yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue. 
Fixed alkalies, potash and soda. P Vegetable alkalies. Same
as Alkaloids. P Volatile ~, ammonia, so called in
distinction from the fixed alkalies.
Al6kaOliOfi7aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. alcalifiable.] Capable of
being alkalified, or converted into an alkali.
Al6kaOliOfy (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalified (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Alkalifying.] [Alkali + Ofly: cf. F.
alcalifier.] To convert into an alkali; to give alkaline
properties to.
Al6kaOliOfy, v. i. To become changed into an alkali.
Al7kaOlim6eOter (?), n. [Alkali + Ometer. cf. F.
tre.] An instrument to ascertain the strength of
alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.
Al7kaOliOmet6ric (?), Al7kaOliOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to alkalimetry.
Al7kaOlim6eOtry (?), n. [Cf. F. alcalim
trie.] (Chem.) The
art or process of ascertaining the strength of alkalies, or
the quantity present in alkaline mixtures.
Al6kaOline (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. alcalin.] Of or pertaining
to an alkali or to alkalies; having the properties of an
w earths, certain substances, as lime, baryta, strontia, and
magnesia, possessing some of the qualities of alkalies. P w
metals, potassium, sodium, c.sium, lithium, rubidium. P w
reaction, a reaction indicating alkalinity, as by the action
on limits, turmeric, etc.
Al7kaOlin6iOty (?), n. The quality which constitutes an
alkali; alkaline property.
AlOka6liOous (?), a. Alkaline. [Obs.]
Al6kaOliOzate (?), a. Alkaline. [Obs.]
Al6kaOliOOzate (?), v. t. To alkalizate. [R.]
Al7kaOliOza6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alcalisation.] The act
rendering alkaline by impregnating with an alkali; a
conferring of alkaline qualities.
Al6kaOlize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalized (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Alkalizing (?).] [Cf. F. alcaliser.] To render
alkaline; to communicate the properties of an alkali to.
Al6kaOloid (?), Al7kaOloid6al (?), } a. [Alkali + Ooid: cf.
F.] Pertaining to, resembling, or containing,
Al6kaOloid (?), n. (Chem.) An organic base, especially one
of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the
tissues of plants and the bodies of animals.
5 Alcaloids all contain nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen, and
many of them also contain oxygen. They include many of the
active principles in plants; thus, morphine and narcotine
are alkaloids found in opium.
Al6kaOnet (?), n. [Dim. of Sp. alcana, alhe?a, in which al
is the Ar. article. See Henna, and cf. Orchanet.] 1. (Chem.)
A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna
tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red color.
2. (Bot.) (a) A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria)
yielding the dye; orchanet. (b) The similar plant Anchusa
officinalis; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.
AlOkar6gen (?), n. [Alkarsin + oxygen.] (Chem.) Same as
Cacodylic acid.
AlOkar6sin (?), n. [Alkali + arsenic + Oin.] (Chem.) A
spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor,
and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; P
called also Cadel's fuming liquid.
AlOka6zar (?)(?). See Alcazar.
Al7keOken6gi (?), n. [Cf. F. alk.kenge, Sp. alquequenje,
ultimately fr. Ar. alPk>kanj a kind of resin from Herat.]
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family
(Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored
berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged
leafy calyx; P also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and
strawberry tomato.
D. C. Eaton.
AlOker6mes (?), n. [Ar. alPqirmiz kermes. See Kermes.] (Old
Pharmacy) A compound cordial, in the form of a confection,
deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal
Al6koOran (?; 277), n. The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as
Alcoran and Koran.
Al7koOran6ic (?), a. Same as Alcoranic.
Al7koOran6ist, n. Same as Alcoranist.
All (?), a. [OE. al, pl. alle, AS. eal, pl. ealle,
Northumbrian alle, akin to D. & OHG. al, Ger. all, Icel.
allr. Dan. al, Sw. all, Goth. alls; and perh. to Ir. and
Gael. uile, W. oll.] 1. The whole quantity, extent,
duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; the
whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the wheat; all
the land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness; all
abundance; loss of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see
us all (or all of us).
Prove all things: hold fast that which is good.
1 Thess. v. 21.
2. Any. [Obs.] =Without all remedy.8
5 When the definite article =the,8 or a possessive or a
demonstrative pronoun, is joined to the noun that all
qualifies, all precedes the article or the pronoun; as, all
the cattle; all my labor; all his wealth; all our families;
all your citizens; all their property; all other joys.
This word, not only in popular language, but in the
Scriptures, often signifies, indefinitely, a large portion
or number, or a great part. Thus, all the cattle in Egypt
died, all Judea and all the region round about Jordan, all
men held John as a prophet, are not to be understood in a
literal sense, but as including a large part, or very great
3. Only; alone; nothing but.
I was born to speak all mirth and no matter.
All the whole, the whole (emphatically). [Obs.] =All the
whole army.8
All, adv. 1. Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely;
quite; very; as, all bedewed; my friend is all for
amusement. =And cheeks all pale.8

5 In the ancient phrases, all too dear, all too much, all so
long, etc., this word retains its appropriate sense or
becomes intensive.
2. Even; just. (Often a mere intensive adjunct.) [Obs. or
All as his straying flock he fed.
A damsel lay deploring
All on a rock reclined.
All to, or AllPto. In such phrases as =all to rent,8 all to
break,8 =allPto frozen,8 etc., which are of frequent
occurrence in our old authors, the all and the to have
commonly been regarded as forming a compound adverb,
equivalent in meaning to entirely, completely, altogether.
But the sense of entireness lies wholly in the word all (as
it does in =all forlorn,8 and similar expressions), and the
to properly belongs to the following word, being a kind of
intensive prefix (orig. meaning asunder and answering to the
LG. terO, HG. zerO). It is frequently to be met with in old
books, used without the all. Thus Wyclif says, =The vail of
the temple was to rent:8 and of Judas, =He was hanged and
toPburst the middle:8 i. e., burst in two, or asunder. P All
along. See under Along. P All and some, individually and
collectively, one and all. [Obs.] =Displeased all and some.8
Fairfax. P All but. (a) Scarcely; not even. [Obs.] Shak. (b)
Almost; nearly.=The fine arts were all but proscribed.8
Macaulay. P All hollow, entirely, completely; as, to beat
any one all hollow. [Low] P All one, the same thing in
effect; that is, wholly the same thing. P All over, over the
whole extent; thoroughly; wholly; as, she is her mother all
over. [Colloq.] P All the better, wholly the better; that
is, better by the whole difference. P All the same,
nevertheless. =There they [certain phenomena] remain rooted
all the same, whether we recognize them or not.8 J. C.
Shairp. =But Rugby is a very nice place all the same.8 T.
Arnold. P See also under All, n.
All (?), n. The whole number, quantity, or amount; the
entire thing; everything included or concerned; the
aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person;
as, our all is at stake.
Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.
All that thou seest is mine.
Gen. xxxi. 43.
All is used with of, like a partitive; as, all of a thing,
all of us.
After all, after considering everything to the contrary;
nevertheless. P All in all, a phrase which signifies all
things to a person, or everything desired; (also
adverbially) wholly; altogether.
Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee,

Trust me not at all, or all in all.

All in the wind (Naut.), a phrase denoting that the sails
are parallel with the course of the wind, so as to shake. P
All told, all counted; in all. P And all, and the rest; and
everything connected. =Bring our crown and all.8 Shak. P At
all. (a) In every respect; wholly; thoroughly. [Obs.] =She
is a shrew at al(l).8 Chaucer. (b) A phrase much used by way
of enforcement or emphasis, usually in negative or
interrogative sentences, and signifying in any way or
respect; in the least degree or to the least extent; in the
least; under any circumstances; as, he has no ambition at
all; has he any property at all? =Nothing at all.8 Shak. =It
thy father at all miss me.8 1 Sam. xx. 6. P Over ~,
everywhere. [Obs.] Chaucer.
5 All is much used in composition to enlarge the meaning, or
add force to a word. In some instances, it is completely
incorporated into words, and its final consonant is dropped,
as in almighty, already, always: but, in most instances, it
is an adverb prefixed to adjectives or participles, but
usually with a hyphen, as, allPbountiful, allPglorious,
allimportant, allPsurrounding, etc. In others it is an
adjective; as, allpower, allPgiver. Anciently many words,
as, alabout, alaground, etc., were compounded with all,
which are now written separately.
All, conj. [Orig. all, adv., wholly: used with though or if,
which being dropped before the subjunctive left all as if in
the sense although.] Although; albeit. [Obs.]
All they were wondrous loth.
X Al7la bre6ve (?). [It., according to the breve.] (Old
Church Music) With one breve, or four minims, to measure,
and sung faster like four crotchets; in quick common time; P
indicated in the time signature by ?. 
X Al6lah (?), n. [Ar., contr. fr. the article al the + ilah
God.] The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs
and the Mohammedans generally.
All7PaPmort6 (?), a. See Alamort.
Al6lanOite (?), n. [From T. Allan, who first distinguished
it as a species.] (min.) A silicate containing a large
amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and
is related to epidote in form and composition.
Al7lanOto6ic (?)(?), a. [Cf. F. allanto.que.] Pertaining to,
or contained in, the allantois.
Allantoic acid. (Chem.) See Allantoin.
AlOlan6toid (?), Al7lanOtoid6al (?), } a. [Gr. ? shaped like
a sausage; ? sausage + ? form.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
the allantois.
X Al7lanOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) The division of
Vertebrata in which the embryo develops an allantois. It
includes reptiles, birds, and mammals.
AlOlan6toOin (?), n. (Chem.) A crystalline, transparent,
colorless substance found in the allantoic liquid of the
fetal calf; P formerly called allantoic acid and amniotic
{ X AlOlan6toOis (?)(?), AlOlan6toid (?), } n. (Anat.) A
membranous appendage of the embryos of mammals, birds, and
reptiles, P in mammals serving to connect the fetus with the
parent; the urinary vesicle.
Al6laOtrate (?), v. i. [L. allatrare. See Latrate.] To bark
as a dog. [Obs.]
AlOlay6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allayed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Allaying.] [OE. alaien, aleggen, to lay down, put down,
humble, put an end to, AS. >lecgan; >O (cf. Goth. usO, G.
erO, orig. meaning out) + lecgan to lay; but confused with
old forms of allege, alloy, alegge. See Lay.] 1. To make
quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to
calm; as, to allay popular excitement; to allay the tumult
of the passions.
2. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the
severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity.
It would allay the burning quality of that fell poison.
Syn. - To alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease;
abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet. See
AlOlay6 (?), v. t. To diminish in strength; to abate; to
subside. =When the rage allays.8
AlOlay6, n. Alleviation; abatement; check. [Obs.]
AlOlay6, n. Alloy. [Obs.]
AlOlay6, v. t. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal;
to alloy; to deteriorate. [Archaic]
AlOlay6er (?), n. One who, or that which, allays.
AlOlay6ment (?), n. An allaying; that which allays;
mitigation. [Obs.]
The like allayment could I give my grief.
Al6leOcret (?), n. [OF. alecret, halecret, hallecret.] A
kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by
the Swiss.
AlOlect6 (?), v. t. [L. allectare, freq. of allicere,
allectum.] To allure; to entice. [Obs.]
Al7lecOta6tion (?), n. [L. allectatio.] Enticement;
allurement. [Obs.]
AlOlec6tive (?), a. [LL. allectivus.] Alluring. [Obs.]
AlOlec6tive, n. Allurement. [Obs.]
Jer. Taylor.
AlOledge6 (?)(?), v. t. See Allege. [Obs.]
5 This spelling, corresponding to abridge, was once the
prevailing one.
Al7leOga6tion (?), n. [L. allegatio, fr. allegare,
allegatum, to send a message, cite; later, to free by giving
reasons; ad + legare to send, commission. Cf. Allege and
Adlegation.] 1. The act of alleging or positively asserting.
2. That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive
assertion; formal averment
I thought their allegation but reasonable.
3. (Law) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to
prove, P usually applied to each separate averment; the
charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
AlOlege6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleged (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Alleging.] [OE. aleggen to bring forward as evidence, OF.
esligier to buy, prop. to free from legal difficulties, fr.
an assumed LL. exlitigare; L. ex + litigare to quarrel, sue
(see Litigate). The word was confused with L. allegare (see
Allegation), and lex law. Cf. Allay.] 1. To bring forward
with positiveness; to declare; to affirm; to assert; as, to
allege a fact.
2. To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge.
3. To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he
refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending.
Syn. - To bring forward; adduce; advance; assign; produce;
declare; affirm; assert; aver; predicate.
AlOlege6, v. t. [See Allay.] To alleviate; to lighten, as a
burden or a trouble. [Obs.]
AlOlege6aOble (?), a. Capable of being alleged or affirmed.
The most authentic examples allegeable in the case.
AlOlege6ance (?), n. Allegation. [Obs.]
AlOlege6ment (?), n. Allegation. [Obs.]
With many complaints and allegements.
Bp. Sanderson.
AlOleg6er (?), n. One who affirms or declares.
AlOlegge6 (?), v. t. See Alegge and Allay. [Obs.]
AlOle6giance (?), n. [OE. alegeaunce; pref. aO + OF. lige,
liege. The meaning was influenced by L. ligare to bind, and
even by lex, legis, law. See Liege, Ligeance.] 1. The tie or
obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to
his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's
king, government, or state.
2. Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science.
Syn. - Loyalty; fealty. P Allegiance, Loyalty. These words
agree in expressing the general idea of fidelity and
attachment to the =powers that be.8 Allegiance is an
obligation to a ruling power. Loyalty is a feeling or
sentiment towards such power. Allegiance may exist under any
form of government, and, in a republic, we generally speak
of allegiance to the government, to the state, etc. In well
conducted monarchies, loyalty is a warmPhearted feeling of
fidelity and obedience to the sovereign. It is personal in
its nature; and hence we speak of the loyalty of a wife to
her husband, not of her allegiance. In cases where we
personify, loyalty is more commonly the word used; as,
loyalty to the constitution; loyalty to the cause of virtue;
loyalty to truth and religion, etc. 
Hear me, recreant, on thine allegiance hear me!
So spake the Seraph Abdiel, faithful found,...
Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified,
His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal.

AlOle6giant (?), a. Loyal.
Al7leOgor6ic (?), Al7leOgor6icOal (?), } a. [F. all.gorique,
L. allegorius, fr. Gr. ?. See Allegory.] Belonging to, or
consisting of, allegory; of the nature of an allegory;
describing by resemblances; figurative. =An allegoric tale.8
Falconer. =An allegorical application.8 Pope.
Allegorical being... that kind of language which says one
thing, but means another.
Max Miller.
P Al7leOgor6icOalOly, adv. P Al7leOgor6icOalOness, n.
Al6leOgoOrist (?), n. [Cf. F. allegoriste.] One who
allegorizes; a writer of allegory.
Al7leOgor6iOza6tion (?), n. The act of turning into
allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.
Al6leOgoOrize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allegorized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Allegorizing.] [Cf. F. all.goriser, fr. L.
allegorizare.] 1. To form or turn into allegory; as, to
allegorize the history of a people.
2. To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical
sense; as, when a passage in a writer may understood
literally or figuratively, he who gives it a figurative
sense is said to allegorize it.
Al6leOgoOrize, v. t. To use allegory.
Al6leOgoOri7zer (?), n. One who allegorizes, or turns things
into allegory; an allegorist.
Al6leOgoOry (?), n.; pl. Allegories (?). [L. allegoria, Gr.
?, description of one thing under the image of another; ?
other + ? to speak in the assembly, harangue, ? place of
assembly, fr. ? to assemble: cf. F. all.gorie.] 1. A
figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal
subject is described by another subject resembling it in its
properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept
out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of
the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to
the primary subject.
2. Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an
3. (Paint. & Sculpt.) A figure representation which has a
meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object
painted or sculptured.
Syn. - Metaphor; fable. P Allegory, Parable. =An allegory
differs both from fable and parable, in that the properties
of persons are fictitiously represented as attached to
things, to which they are as it were transferred. ...A
figure of Peace and Victory crowning some historical
personage is an allegory. =I am the Vine, ye are the
branches8 [John xv. 1P6] is a spoken allegory. In the
parable there is no transference of properties. The parable
of the sower [Matt. xiii. 3P23] represents all things as
according to their proper nature. In the allegory quoted
above the properties of the vine and the relation of the
branches are transferred to the person of Christ and Hi?
apostles and disciples.8
C. J. Smith. 
An allegory is a prolonged metaphor. Bunyan's =Pilgrim's
Progress8 and Spenser's =Fa rie Queene8 are celebrated
examples of the allegory. 
X Al7le7gresse6 (?), n. [F. all.gresse, fr. L. alacer
sprightly.] Joy; gladsomeness.
X Al7leOgret6to (?), a. [It., dim. of allegro.] (Mus.)
Quicker than andante, but not so quick as allegro. P n. A
movement in this time.
X AlOle6gro (?), a. [It., merry, gay, fr. L. alacer lively.
Cf. Aleger.] (Mus.) Brisk, lively. P n. An ~ movement; a
quick, sprightly strain or piece.
Al7leOlu6is, Al7leOlu6iah } (?), n. [L. alleluia, Gr. ?, fr.
Heb. hall?l?Py>h. See Hallelujah.] An exclamation signifying
Praise ye Jehovah. Hence: A song of praise to God. See
Hallelujah, the commoner form.
I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying,
Rev. xix. 1.
X Al6leOmande6 (?), n. [F., fr. allemand German.] 1. (Mus.)
A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in
the reign of Louis XIV.; P now mostly found in suites of
pieces, like those of Bach and Handel.
2. A figure in dancing.
Al7leOman6nic (?), a. See Alemannic.
AlOlen6arOly (?), adv. [All + anerly singly, fr. ane one.]
Solely; only. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
Al6ler (?), a. [For ealra, the AS. gen. pl. of eal all.]
Same as Alder, of all. [Obs.]

X AlOle6riOon (?), n. [F. al.rion, LL. alario a sort of
eagle; of uncertain origin.] (Her.) Am eagle without beak or
feet, with expanded wings.
AlOle6viOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleviated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Alleviating.] [LL. alleviare, fr. L. ad + levis
light. See Alegge, Levity.] 1. To lighten or lessen the
force or weight of. [Obs. in a literal or general sense.]
Should no others join capable to alleviate the expense.
Those large bladders... conduce much to the alleviating of
the body [of flying birds].
2. To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to
mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate
sorrow, pain, care, etc.; P opposed to aggravate.
The calamity of the want of the sense of hearing is much
alleviated by giving the use of letters.
Bp. Horsley.
3. To extenuate; to palliate. [R.]
He alleviates his fault by an excuse.
Syn. - To lessen; diminish; soften; mitigate; assuage;
abate; relieve; nullify; allay. P To Alleviate, Mitigate,
Assuage, Allay. These words have in common the idea of
relief from some painful state; and being all figurative,
they differ in their application, according to the image
under which this idea is presented. Alleviate supposes a
load which is lightened or taken off; as,, to alleviate
one's cares. Mitigate supposes something fierce which is
made mild; as, to mitigate one's anguish. Assuage supposes
something violent which is quieted; as, to assuage one's
sorrow. Allay supposes something previously excited, but now
brought down; as, to allay one's suffering or one's thirst.
To alleviate the distresses of life; to mitigate the
fierceness of passion or the violence of grief; to assuage
angry feeling; to allay wounded sensibility.
AlOle7viOa6tion (?), n. [LL. alleviatio.] 1. The act of
alleviating; a lightening of weight or severity; mitigation;

<-- p. 41 -->

<-- p. 41 -->
2. That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable.
I have not wanted such alleviations of life as friendship
could supply.
AlOle6viOaOtive (?), a. Tending to alleviate. P n. That
which alleviates.
AlOle6viOa7tor (?), n. One who, or that which, alleviaties.
AlOle6viOaOtoOry (?), a. Alleviative.
Al6ley (?), n.; pl. Alleys (?). [OE. aley, alley, OF. al.e,
F. all.e, a going, passage, fr. OE. aler, F. aller, to go;
of uncertain origin: cf. Prov. anar, It. andare, Sp. andar.]
1. A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a
garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a
bordered way.
I know each lane and every alley green.

2. A narrow passage or way in a city, as distinct from a
public street.
3. A passageway between rows of pews in a church.
4. (Persp.) Any passage having the entrance represented as
wider than the exit, so as to give the appearance of length.
5. The space between two rows of compositors' stands in a
printing office.
Al6ley, n.; pl. Alleys (?). [A contraction of alabaster, of
which it was originally made.] A choice taw or marble.
Al6leyed (?), a. Furnished with alleys; forming an alley.
=An alleyed walk.8
Sir W. Scott.
Al6leyOway7 (?), n. An alley.
All6 Fools' Day7 (?). The first day of April, a day on which
sportive impositions are practiced.
The first of April, some do say,
Is set apart for All Fools' Day.
Poor Robin's Almanack (1760).
All7fours6 (?). [All + four (cards).] A game at cards,
called =High, Low, Jack, and the Game.8
All7 fours6 [formerly, All7 four6.] All four legs of a
quadruped; or the two legs and two arms of a person.
To be, go, or run, on all fours (Fig.), to be on the same
footing; to correspond (with) exactly; to be alike in all
the circumstances to be considered. =This example is on all
fours with the other.8 No simile can go on all fours.8
All7 hail6 (?)(?). [All + hail, interj.] All health; P a
phrase of salutation or welcome. 
All7Phail6, v. t. To salute; to greet. [Poet.]
Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from
the king, who allPhailed me =Thane of Cawdor.8
All7hal6lond (?), n. Allhallows. [Obs.]
{ All7hal6low (?), All7hal6lows (?), } n. 1. All the saints
(in heaven). [Obs.]
2. All Saints' Day, November 1st. [Archaic]
<-- All Hallows Eve = Halloween, Dec. 31 st. -->
All7hal6low (?). The evening before Allhallows. See
All7hal6lowOmas (?), n. The feast of All Saints.
All7hal6lown (?), a. Of or pertaining to the time of
Allhallows. [Obs.] =Allhallown summer.8 Shak. (i. e., late
summer; =Indian Summer8).
All7hal6lowOtide7 (?), n. [AS. tFd time.] The time at or
near All Saints, or November 1st.
All6heal (?), n. A name popularly given to the officinal
valerian, and to some other plants.
AlOli6aOble (?), a. Able to enter into alliance.
Al7liOa6ceous (?), a. Of or pertaining to the genus Allium,
or garlic, onions, leeks, etc.; having the smell or taste of
garlic or onions.
AlOli6ance (?), n. [OE. aliaunce, OF. aliance, F. alliance,
fr. OF. alier, F. allier. See Ally, and cf. LL. alligantia.]
1. The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting;
a union or connection of interests between families, states,
parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and
states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial
alliances; an alliance between church and state; an alliance
between France and England.
2. Any union resembling that of families or states; union by
relationship in qualities; affinity.
The alliance of the principles of the world with those of
the gospel.
C. J. Smith.
The alliance... between logic and metaphysics.
3. The persons or parties allied.
Syn. - Connection; affinity; union; confederacy;
confederation; league; coalition.
AlOli6ance, v. t. To connect by alliance; to ally. [Obs.]
AlOli6ant (?), n. [Cf. F. alliant, p. pr.] An ally; a
confederate. [Obs. & R.]
Sir H. Wotton.
{ Al6lice, Al6lis } (?), n. (Zo.l.) The European shad
(Clupea vulgaris); allice shad. See Alose. 
AlOli6cienOcy (?), n. Attractive power; attractiveness.
Sir T. Browne.
AlOli6cient (?), a. [L. alliciens, p. pr. of allicere to
allure; ad + lacere to entice.] That attracts; attracting. P
n. That attracts. [Rare or Obs.]
AlOlied6 (?), a. United; joined; leagued; akin; related. See
AlOliOgate (?), v. t. [L. alligatus, p. p. of alligare. See
Ally.] To tie; to unite by some tie.
Instincts alligated to their nature.
Sir M. Hale.
Al7liOga6tion (?), n. [L. alligatio.] 1. The act of tying
together or attaching by some bond, or the state of being
attached. [R.]
2. (Arith.) A rule relating to the solution of questions
concerning the compounding or mixing of different
ingredients, or ingredients of different qualities or
5 The rule is named from the method of connecting together
the terms by certain ligaturePlike signs. Alligation is of
two kinds, medial and alternate; medial teaching the method
of finding the price or quality of a mixture of several
simple ingredients whose prices and qualities are known;
alternate, teaching the amount of each of several simple
ingredients whose prices or qualities are known, which will
be required to make a mixture of given price or quality.
Al6liOga7tor (?), n. [Sp. el lagarto the lizard (el lagarto
de Indias, the cayman or American crocodile), fr. L.
lacertus, lacerta, lizard. See Lizard.] 1. (Zo.l.) A large
carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family, peculiar to
America. It has a shorter and broader snout than the
crocodile, and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into
pits in the upper jaw, which has no marginal notches.
Besides the common species of the southern United States,
there are allied species in South America. 
2. (Mech.) Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens
like the movable jaw of an alligator; as, (a) (Metal
Working) a form of squeezer for the puddle ball; (b)
(Mining) a rock breaker; (c) (Printing) a kind of job press,
called also alligator press.
Alligator apple (Bot.), the fruit of the Anona palustris, a
West Indian tree. It is said to be narcotic in its
properties. Loudon. P Alligator fish (Zo.l.), a marine fish
of northwestern America (Podothecus acipenserinus). P
Alligator gar (Zo.l.), one of the gar pikes (Lepidosteus
spatula) found in the southern rivers of the United States.
The name is also applied to other species of gar pikes. P
Alligator pear (Bot.), a corruption of Avocado pear. See
Avocado. P Alligator snapper, Alligator tortoise, Alligator
turtle (Zo.l.), a very large and voracious turtle
(Macrochelys lacertina) in habiting the rivers of the
southern United States. It sometimes reaches the weight of
two hundred pounds. Unlike the common snapping turtle, to
which the name is sometimes erroneously applied, it has a
scaly head and many small scales beneath the tail. This name
is sometimes given to other turtles, as to species of
Trionyx. P Alligator wood, the timber of a tree of the West
Indies (Guarea Swartzii).
AlOlign6ment (?), n. See Alignment.
AlOlin6eOate (?), v. t. [L. ad + lineatus, p. p. of lineare
to draw a line.] To align. [R.]
{ AlOlin7eOa6tion (?), AOline7eOa6tion (?), } n. Alignment;
position in a straight line, as of two planets with the sun.
The allineation of the two planets.
C. A. Young.
AlOli6sion (?), n. [L. allisio, fr. allidere, to strike or
dash against; ad + laedere to dash against.] The act of
dashing against, or striking upon.
The boisterous allision of the sea.
AlOlit6erOal (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by
AlOlit6erOate (?), v. t. To employ or place so as to make
AlOlit6erOate, v. i. To compose alliteratively; also, to
constitute alliteration.
AlOlit7erOa6tion (?), n. [L. ad + litera letter. See
Letter.] The repetition of the same letter at the beginning
of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or
at short intervals; as in the following lines: P
Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved
His vastness.
Fly o'er waste fens and windy fields.
5 The recurrence of the same letter in accented parts of
words is also called alliteration. AngloPSaxon poetry is
characterized by alliterative meter of this sort. Later
poets also employed it.
In a somer seson whan soft was the sonne,
I shope me in shroudes as I a shepe were.
P. Plowman.
AlOlit6erOaOtive (?; 277), a. Pertaining to, or
characterized by, alliteration; as, alliterative poetry. P
AlOlit6erOaOtiveOly, adv. P AlOlit6er OaOtiveOness, n.
AlOlit6erOa7tor (?), n. One who alliterates.
X Al6liOum (?), n. [L., garlic.] (bot.) A genus of plants,
including the onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.
All6mouth7 (?), n. (Zo.l.) The angler.
All6ness (?), n. Totality; completeness. [R.]
The allness of God, including his absolute spirituality,
supremacy, and eternity.
R. Turnbull.
All6night7 (?), n. Light, fuel, or food for the whole night.
Al6loOcate (?), v. t. [LL. allocatus, p. p. of allocare, fr.
L. ad + locare to place. See Allow.] 1. To distribute or
assign; to allot.
2. To localize. [R.]
Al7loOca6tion (?), n. [LL. allocatio: cf. F. allocation.] 1.
The act of putting one thing to another; a placing;
disposition; arrangement.
2. An allotment or apportionment; as, an allocation of
shares in a company.
The allocation of the particular portions of Palestine to
its successive inhabitants.
A. R. Stanley.
3. The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance
made upon an account; P a term used in the English
X Al7loOca6tur (?), n. [LL., it is allowed, fr. allocare to
allow.] (Law) =Allowed.8 The word allocatur expresses the
allowance of a proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court,
judge, or judicial officer.
Al7loOchro6ic (?), a. Changeable in color.
AlOloch6roOite (?), n. (Min.) See Garnet.
AlOloch6roOous (?), a. [Gr. ? changed in color, fr. ? other
+ ? color.] Changing color.
Al7loOcu6tion (?), n. [L. allocuto, fr. alloqui to speak to;
ad + loqui to speak: cf. F. allocution.] 1. The act or
manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words.
2. An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a
pope to his clergy.
Al6lod (?), n. See Allodium.
AlOlo6diOal (?), a. [LL. allodialis, fr. allodium: cf. F.
allodial. See Allodium.] (Law) Pertaining to allodium;
freehold; free of rent or service; held independent of a
lord paramount; P opposed to feudal; as, allodial lands;
allodial system.
AlOlo6diOal, a. Anything held allodially.
W. Coxe.
AlOlo6diOalOism (?), n. The allodial system.
AlOlo6iOalOist, n. One who holds allodial land.
AlOlo6diOalOly, adv. By allodial tenure.
AlOlo6diOaOry (?), n. One who holds an allodium.
AlOlo6diOum (?), n. [LL. allodium, alodium, alodis, alaudis,
of Ger. origin; cf. OHG. al all, and ?t (AS. e>d)
possession, property. It means, therefore, entirely one's
property.] (Law) Freehold estate; land which is the absolute
property of the owner; real estate held in absolute
independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or
acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud.
Blackstone. Bouvier. 
AlOlog6aOmous (?), a. (Bot.) Characterized by allogamy.
AlOlog6aOmy (?)(?) n. [Gr. ? other + ? marriage.] (Bot.)
Fertilization of the pistil of a plant by pollen from
another of the same species; crossPfertilization.
Al7loOge6neOous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Different in nature or
kind. [R.]
Al6loOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? another + Ograph.] A writing or
signature made by some person other than any of the parties
thereto; P opposed to autograph.
<-- Allomer; Allomeric -->
AlOlom6erOism (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? part.] (Chem.)
Variability in chemical constitution without variation in
crystalline form.
AlOlom6erOous (?), a. (Chem.) Characterized by allomerism.
Al6loOmorph (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? form.] (Min.) (a) Any
one of two or more distinct crystalline forms of the same
substance; or the substance having such forms; P as,
carbonate of lime occurs in the allomorphs calcite and
aragonite. (b) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone
partial or complete change or substitution of material; P
thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.
G. H. Williams.
Al7loOmor6phic (?), a. (Min.) Of or pertaining to
Al7loOmor6phism (?), n. (Min.) The property which
constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an
AlOlonge6 (?), n. [F. allonge, earlier alonge, a
lengthening. See Allonge, v., and cf. Lunge.] 1. (Fencing) A
thrust or pass; a lunge.
2. A slip of paper attached to a bill of exchange for
receiving indorsements, when the back of the bill itself is
already full; a rider. [A French usage] 
AlOlomge6, v. i. [F. allonger; . (L. ad) + long (L. longus)
long.] To thrust with a sword; to lunge.
Al6loOnym (?), n. [F. allonyme, fr. Gr. ? other + ? name.]
1. The name of another person assumed by the author of a
2. A work published under the name of some one other than
the author.
AlOlon6yOmous (?), a. Published under the name of some one
other than the author.
AlOloo6 (?), v. t. or i. [See Halloo.] To incite dogs by a
call; to halloo. [Obs.]
Al6loOpath (?), n. [Cf. F. allopathe.] An allopathist.
Ed. Rev.
Al7loOpath6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. allopathique.] Of or
pertaining to allopathy.
Al7loOpath6icOalOly (?), adv. In a manner conformable to
allopathy; by allopathic methods.
AlOlop6aOthist (?), n. One who practices allopathy; one who
professes allopathy.
AlOlop6aOthy (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? suffering, ?, ?, to
suffer: cf. G. allopathie, F. allopathie. See Pathos.] That
system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by
the use of remedies which produce effects different from
those produced by the special disease treated; P a term
invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as
opposed to homeopathy.
{ Al7loOphyl6ic (?), Al7loOphyl6iOan (?), } a. [Gr. ? of
another tribe; ? other + ? class or tribe.] Pertaining to a
race or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic.
J. Prichard.
Al6loOquy (?), n. [L. alloquim, fr. alloqui.] A speaking to
another; an address. [Obs.]
AlOlot6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Allotting.] [OF. aloter, F. allotir; a (L. ad) + lot lot.
See Lot.] 1. To distribute by lot.
2. To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to
distribute to each individual concerned; to assign as a
share or lot; to set apart as one's share; to bestow on; to
grant; to appoint; as, let every man be contented with that
which Providence allots him.
Ten years I will allot to the attainment of knowledge.
Al6loOtheOism (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? god.] The worship of
strange gods. 
Jer. Taylor.
AlOlot6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. alotement, F. allotement.] 1.
The act of allotting; assignment.
2. That which is allotted; a share, part, or portion granted
or distributed; that which is assigned by lot, or by the act
of God; anything set apart for a special use or to a
distinct party.
The alloments of God and nature.
A vineyard and an allotment for olives and herbs.
3. (law) The allowance of a specific amount of scrip or of a
particular thing to a particular person.
Cottage allotment, an allotment of a small portion of land
to a country laborer for garden cultivation. [Eng.]

<-- P. 42 -->

Al7loOtriOoph6aOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? strange + ? to eat: cf. F.
allotriophagie.] (Med.) A depraved appetite; a desire for
improper food.
{ Al7loOtrop6ic (?), Al7loOtrop6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
allotropique.] Of or pertaining to allotropism. P
Al7loOtrop6icOalOly, adv.
Allotropic state, the several conditions which occur in a
case of allotropism.
AlOlot7roOpic6iOty (?), n. Allotropic property or nature.
{ AlOlot6roOpism (?), AlOlot6roOpy (?), } n. [Gr. ? other +
direction, way, ? to turn: cf. F. allotropie.] (Chem.) The
property of existing in two or more conditions which are
distinct in their physical or chemical relations.
5 Thus, carbon occurs crystallized in octahedrons and other
related forms, in a state of extreme hardness, in the
diamond; it occurs in hexagonal forms, and of little
hardness, in black lead; and again occurs in a third form,
with entire softness, in lampblack and charcoal. In some
cases, one of these is peculiarly an active state, and the
other a passive one. Thus, ozone is an active state of
oxygen, and is distinct from ordinary oxygen, which is the
element in its passive state. 
AlOlot6roOpize (?), v. t. To change in physical properties
but not in substance. [R.]
AlOlot6taOble (?), a. Capable of being allotted.
AlOlot7tee6 (?), n. One to whom anything is allotted; one to
whom an allotment is made.
AlOlot6ter (?), n. One who allots.
AlOlot6terOy (?), n. Allotment. [Obs.]
AlOlow6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Allowing.] [OE. alouen, OF. alouer, aloer, aluer, F.
allouer, fr. LL. allocare to admit as proved, to place, use;
confused with OF. aloer, fr. L. allaudare to extol; ad +
laudare to praise. See Local, and cf. Allocate, Laud.] 1. To
praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction. [Obs. or Archaic]

Ye allow the deeds of your fathers.
Luke xi. 48.
We commend his pains, condemn his pride, allow his life,
approve his learning.
2. To like; to be suited or pleased with. [Obs.]
How allow you the model of these clothes?
3. To sanction; to invest; to intrust. [Obs.]
Thou shalt be... allowed with absolute power.
4. To grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let
one have; as, to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a
free passage; to allow one day for rest.
He was allowed about three hundred pounds a year.
5. To own or acknowledge; to accept as true; to concede; to
accede to an opinion; as, to allow a right; to allow a
claim; to allow the truth of a proposition.
I allow, with Mrs. Grundy and most moralists, that Miss
Newcome's conduct... was highly reprehensible.
6. To grant (something) as a deduction or an addition; esp.
to abate or deduct; as, to allow a sum for leakage.
7. To grant license to; to permit; to consent to; as, to
allow a son to be absent.
Syn. - To allot; assign; bestow; concede; admit; permit;
suffer; tolerate. See Permit.
AlOlow6, v. i. To admit; to concede; to make allowance or
Allowing still for the different ways of making it.
To allow of, to permit; to admit.
AlOlow6aOble (?), a. [F. allouable.] 1. Praiseworthy;
laudable. [Obs.]
2. Proper to be, or capable of being, allowed; permissible;
admissible; not forbidden; not unlawful or improper; as, a
certain degree of freedom is allowable among friends.
AlOlow6aObleOness, n. The quality of being allowable;
permissibleness; lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or
AlOlow6aObly, adv. In an allowable manner.
AlOlow6ance (?), n. [OF. alouance.] 1. Approval;
approbation. [Obs.]
2. The act of allowing, granting, conceding, or admitting;
authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance.
Without the king's will or the state's allowance.
3. Acknowledgment.
The censure of the which one must in your allowance
o'erweigh a whole theater of others.
4. License; indulgence. [Obs.]
5. That which is allowed; a share or portion allotted or
granted; a sum granted as a reimbursement, a bounty, or as
appropriate for any purpose; a stated quantity, as of food
or drink; hence, a limited quantity of meat and drink, when
provisions fall short. 
I can give the boy a handsome allowance.
6. Abatement; deduction; the taking into account of
mitigating circumstances; as, to make allowance for the
inexperience of youth.
After making the largest allowance for fraud.
7. (com.) A customary deduction from the gross weight of
goods, different in different countries, such as tare and
AlOlow6ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowancing (?).] [See
Allowance, n.] To put upon a fixed ~ (esp. of provisions and
drink); to supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the
captain was obliged to allowance his crew; our provisions
were allowanced. 
AlOlow6edOly (?)(?) adv. By allowance; admittedly.
AlOlow6er (?), n. 1. An approver or abettor. [Obs.]
2. One who allows or permits.
AlOlox6an (?), n. [Allantoin + oxalic, as containing the
elements of allantion and oxalic acid.] (Chem.) An oxidation
product of uric acid. It is of a pale reddish color, readily
soluble in water or alcohol.
AlOlox6aOnate (?), n. (Chem.) A combination of alloxanic
acid and a base or base or positive radical.
Al7loxOan6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to alloxan; P
applied to an acid obtained by the action of soluble
alkalies on alloxan.
Al7loxOan6tin (?), n. (Chem.) A substance produced by acting
upon uric with warm and very dilute nitric acid.
AlOloy6 , n. [OE. alai, OF. alei, F. aloyer, to alloy, alier
to ally. See Alloy, v. t.] 1. Any combination or compound of
metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example,
brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when
mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an
2. The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver;
3. A baser metal mixed with a finer.
Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser
metal. Alloy is baser metal mixed with it.
4. Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts
from; as, no happiness is without alloy. =Pure English
without Latin alloy.8
F. Harrison.
AlOloy6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alloyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Alloying.] [ F. aloyer, OF. alier, allier, later allayer,
fr. L. aligare. See Alloy, n., Ally, v. t., and cf. Allay.]
1. To reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable
substance; as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or
silver with copper.
2. To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound.
3. To abate, impair, or debase by mixture; to allay; as, to
alloy pleasure with misfortunes.
AlOloy6, v. t. To form a metallic compound.
Gold and iron alloy with ease.
AlOloy6age (?), n. [F. aloyage.] The act or art of alloying
metals; also, the combination or alloy.
All7PposOsessed6 (?), a. Controlled by an evil spirit or by
evil passions; wild. [Colloq.]
{ All6 Saints7 (?), All6 Saints' (?), } The first day of
November, called, also, Allhallows or Hallowmas; a feast day
kept in honor of all the saints; also, the season of this
All6 Souls' Day7 (?). The second day of November; a feast
day of the Roman Catholic church., on which supplications
are made for the souls of the faithful dead.
All6spice7 (?), n. The berry of the pimento (Eugenia
pimenta), a tree of the West Indies; a spice of a mildly
pungent taste, and agreeably aromatic; Jamaica pepper;
pimento. It has been supposed to combine the flavor of
cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name
is also given to other aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina
allspice (Calycanthus floridus); wild allspice (Lindera
benzoin), called also spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.
All7thing7 (?), adv. [For in all (= every) thing.]
Altogether. [Obs.]
AlOlude6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alluded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Alluding.] [L. alludere to play with, to allude; ad + ludere
to play.] To refer to something indirectly or by suggestion;
to have reference to a subject not specifically and plainly
mentioned; P followed by to; as, the story alludes to a
recent transaction.
These speeches... do seem to allude unto such ministerial
garments as were then in use.
Syn. - To refer; point; indicate; hint; suggest; intimate;
signify; insinuate; advert. See Refer.
AlOlude6, v. t. To compare allusively; to refer (something)
as applicable. [Obs.]
X Al7lu7mette (?), n. [F., from allumer to light.] A match
for lighting candles, lamps, etc.
AlOlu6miOnor (?), n. [OF. alumineor, fr. L. ad + liminare.
See Luminate.] An illuminator of manuscripts and books; a
limner. [Obs.]
AlOlur6ance (?), n. Allurement. [R.]
AlOlure6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alluded (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Alluring.] [OF. aleurrer, alurer, fr. a (L. ad) + leurre
lure. See Lure.] To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or
bait, that is, by the offer of some good, real or apparent;
to invite by something flattering or acceptable; to entice;
to attract.
With promised joys allured them on.
The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven
Allured his eye.
Syn. - To attract; entice; tempt; decoy; seduce. P To
Allure, Entice, Decoy, Seduce. These words agree in the idea
of acting upon the mind by some strong controlling
influence, and differ according to the image under which is
presented. They are all used in a bad sense, except allure,
which has sometimes (though rarely) a good one. We are
allured by the prospect or offer (usually deceptive) of some
future good. We are commonly enticed into evil by appeals to
our passions. We are decoyed into danger by false
appearances or representations. We are seduced when drawn
aside from the path of rectitude. What allures draws by
gentle means; what entices leads us by promises and
persuasions; what decoys betrays us, as it were, into a
snare or net; what seduces deceives us by artful appeals to
the passions. 
AlOlure6, n. Allurement. [R.]
X Al7lure6 (?), n. [F.; aller to go.] Gait; bearing.
The swing, the gait, the pose, the allure of these men.
Harper's Mag.
AlOlure6ment (?), n. 1. The act alluring; temptation;
Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell.

2. That which allures; any real or apparent good held forth,
or operating, as a motive to action; as, the allurements of
pleasure, or of honor.
AlOlur6er (?), n. One who, or that which, allures. 
AlOlur6ing, a. That allures; attracting; charming; tempting.
P AlOlur6ingOly, adv. P AlOlur6ingOness, n. 
AlOlu6sion (?), n. [L. allusio, fr. alludere to allude: cf.
F. allusion.] 1. A figurative or symbolical reference.
2. A reference to something supposed to be known, but not
explicitly mentioned; a covert indication; indirect
reference; a hint.
AlOlu6sive (?), a. 1. Figurative; symbolical.
2. Having reference to something not fully expressed;
containing an allusion.
AlOlu6siveOly, adv. Figuratively [Obs.]; by way of allusion;
by implication, suggestion, or insinuation.
AlOlu6siveOness, n. The quality of being allusive.
AlOlu6soOry (?), a. Allusive. [R.]
AlOlu6viOal (?), a. [Cf. F. alluvial. See Alluvion.]
Pertaining to, contained in, or composed of, alluvium;
relating to the deposits made by flowing water; washed away
from one place and deposited in another; as, alluvial soil,
mud, accumulations, deposits.
AlOlu6viOon (?), n. [F. alluvion, L. alluvio, fr. alluere to
wash against; ad + luere, equiv. to lavare, to wash. See
Lave.] 1. Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank.
2. An overflowing; an inundation; a flood.
3. Matter deposited by an inundation or the action of
flowing water; alluvium.
The golden alluvions are there [in California and
Australia] spread over a far wider space: they are found not
only on the banks of rivers, and in their beds, but are
scattered over the surface of vast plains.
R. Cobden.
4. (Law) An accession of land gradually washed to the shore
or bank by the flowing of water. See Accretion.]
AlOlu6viOous (?), n. [L. alluvius. See Alluvion.] Alluvial.
AlOlu6viOum (?), n.; pl. E. Alluviums, L. Alluvia (?). [L.,
neut. of alluvius. See Alluvious.] (Geol.) Deposits of
earth, sand, gravel, and other transported matter, made by
rivers, floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently
submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas.
All6where7 (?), adv. Everywhere. [Archaic]
All6work7 (?), n. Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a
maid of allwork, that is, a general servant. 
AlOly6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Allying.] [OE. alien, OF. alier, F. alier, fr. L. alligare
to bind to; ad + ligare to bind. Cf. Alligate, Alloy, Allay,
Ligament.] 1. To unite, or form a connection between, as
between families by marriage, or between princes and states
by treaty, league, or confederacy; P often followed by to or
O chief! in blood, and now in arms allied.
2. To connect or form a relation between by similitude,
resemblance, friendship, or love.
These three did love each other dearly well,
And with so firm affection were allied.
The virtue nearest to our vice allied.
5 Ally is generally used in the passive form or reflexively.
AlOly6 (?), n.; pl. Allies (?). [See Ally, v.] 1. A
relative; a kinsman. [Obs.]
2. One united to another by treaty or league; P usually
applied to sovereigns or states; a confederate.
The English soldiers and their French allies.
3. Anything associated with another as a helper; an
Science, instead of being the enemy of religion, becomes its
4. Anything akin to another by structure, etc. 
Al6ly (?), n. See Alley, a marble or taw.
Al6lyl (?), n. [L. allium garlic + Oyl.] (Chem.) An organic
radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and
Al6lyOlene (?), n. (Chem.) A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4,
homologous with acetylene; propine<--; propyne -->.
Al6ma, Al6mah (?), n. Same as Alme.
Al7maOcan6tar (?), n. (Astron.) (a) Same as Almucantar. (b)
A recently invented instrument for observing the heavenly
bodies as they cross a given almacantar circle. See
{ X Al7maOdi6a (?), X Al6maOdie (?), } n. [F. almadie (cf.
Sp. & Pg. almadia), fr. Ar. alma'dFyah a raft, float.]
(Naut.) (a) A bark canoe used by the Africans. (b) A boat
used at Calicut, in India, about eighty feet long, and six
or seven broad.
Al6maOgest (?), n. [F. almageste, LL. almageste, Ar.
alPmajistF, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), the greatest composition.]
The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains
nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations
and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other
similar works.
X AlOma6gra (?), n. [Sp. almagra, almagre, fr. Ar.
alPmaghrah red clay or earth.] A fine, deep red ocher,
somewhat purplish, found in Spain. It is the sil atticum of
the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it is used for
polishing glass and silver.
{ Al6main (?), Al6mayne (?), Al6man (?), } n. [OF. Aleman,
F. Allemand, fr. L. Alemanni, ancient Ger. tribes.] [Obs.]
1. A German. Also adj., German.
2. The German language.
J. Foxe.
3. A kind of dance. See Allemande.
Almain rivets, Almayne rivets, or Alman rivets, a sort of
light armor from Germany, characterized by overlapping
plates, arranged to slide on rivets, and thus afford great
X Al6ma Ma6ter (?). [L., fostering mother.] A college or
seminary where one is educated.
Al6maOnac (?; 277), n. [LL. almanac, almanach: cf. F.
almanach, Sp. almanaque, It. almanacco, all of uncertain
origin.] A book or table, containing a calendar of days, and
months, to which astronomical data and various statistics
are often added, such as the times of the rising and setting
of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide, stated
festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc.
Nautical almanac, an almanac, or year book, containing
astronomical calculations (lunar, stellar, etc.), and other
information useful to mariners.

<-- P. 43 -->
Al6manOdine (?), n. [LL. almandina, alamandina, for L.
alabandina a precious stone, named after Alabanda, a town in
Caria, where it was first and chiefly found: cf. F.
almandine.] (Min.) The common red variety of garnet.
{ X Al6me, X Al6meh } (?), n. [Ar. 'almah (fem.) learned,
fr. 'alama to know: cf. F. alm.e.] An Egyptian dancing girl;
an Alma.
The Almehs lift their arms in dance.
Bayard Taylor.
X Al7menOdron6 (?), n. [Sp., fr. almendra almond.] The lofty
BrazilPnut tree.
Al6merOy (?), n. See Ambry. [Obs.]
Alm6esse (?), n. See Alms. [Obs.]
{ AlOmight6ful (?), AlOmight6iOful (?), } a. AllPpowerful;
almighty. [Obs.]
AlOmight6iOly, adv. With almighty power.
AlOmight6iOness, n. Omnipotence; infinite or boundless
power; unlimited might.
Jer. Taylor.
AlOmight6y (?), a. [AS. ealmihtig, .lmihtig; eal (OE. al)
ail + mihtig mighty.] 1. Unlimited in might; omnipotent;
allPpowerful; irresistible.
I am the Almighty God.
Gen. xvii. 1.
2. Great; extreme; terrible. [Slang]
Poor Aroar can not live, and can not die, P so that he is in
an almighty fix.
De Quincey.
The Almighty, the omnipotent God.
Rev. i. 8. 
Alm6ner (?), n. An almoner. [Obs.]
Alm6ond (?), n. [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F.
amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. ?: cf. Sp. almendra. Cf.
Amygdalate.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree.
5 The different kinds, as bitter, sweet, thinPshelled,
thickPshelled almonds, and Jordan almonds, are the products
of different varieties of the one species, Amygdalus
communis, a native of the Mediterranean region and western
2. The tree bears the fruit; almond tree.
3. Anything shaped like an almond. Specifically: (Anat.) One
of the tonsils.
Almond oil, fixed oil expressed from sweet or bitter
almonds. P Oil of bitter almonds, a poisonous volatile oil
obtained from bitter almonds by maceration and distillation;
benzoic aldehyde. P Imitation oil of bitter almonds,
nitrobenzene. P Almond tree (Bot.), the tree bearing the
almond. P Almond willow (Bot.), a willow which has leaves
that are of a light green on both sides; almondPleaved
willow (Salix amygdalina).
Al6mond fur7nace (?). [Prob. a corruption of Almain furnace,
i. e., German furnace. See Almain.] A kind of furnace used
in refining, to separate the metal from cinders and other
foreign matter.
Al6monOdine (?), n. See Almandine
Al6monOer (?), n. [OE. aumener, aulmener, OF. almosnier,
aumosnier, F. aum.nier, fr. OF. almosne, alms, L.
eleemosyna. See Alms.] One who distributes alms, esp. the
doles and alms of religious houses, almshouses, etc.; also,
one who dispenses alms for another, as the almoner of a
prince, bishop, etc.
Al6monOerOship, n. The office of an almoner.
Al6monOry (?), n.; pl. Almonries (?). [OF. aumosnerie, F.
aum.nerie, fr. OF. aumosnier. See Almoner.] The place where
an almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.
Al6mose (?), n. Alms. [Obs.]
Al6most (?), adv. [AS.,, quite the most,
almost all; eal (OE. al) all + m?st most.] Nearly; well
nigh; all but; for the greatest part.
Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian.
Acts xxvi. 28.
Almost never, scarcely ever. P Almost nothing, scarcely
Alm6ry (?), n. See Almonry. [Obs.]
Alms (?), n. sing. & pl. [OE. almes, almesse, AS. .lmysse,
fr. L. eleemosyna, Gr. ? mercy, charity, alms, fr. ? to
pity. Cf. Almonry, Eleemosynary.] Anything given
gratuitously to relieve the poor, as money, food, or
clothing; a gift of charity.
A devout man... which gave much alms to the people.
Acts x. 2.
Alms are but the vehicles of prayer.

Tenure by free alms. See Frankalmoign.
5 This word alms is singular in its form (almesse), and is
sometimes so used; as, =asked am alms.8 Acts iii.
3.=Received an alms.8 Shak. It is now, however, commonly a
collective or plural noun. It is much used in composition,
as almsgiver, almsgiving, alms bag, alms chest, etc.
Alms6deed7 (?), n. An act of charity.
Acts ix. 36.
Alms6folk7 (?), n. Persons supported by alms; almsmen.
Alms6giv7er (?), n. A giver of alms.
Alms6giv7ing (?), n. The giving of alms.
Alms6house7 (?), n. A house appropriated for the use of the
poor; a poorhouse.
Alms6man (?), n.; fem. Almswoman. 1. A recipient of alms.
2. A giver of alms. [R.]
Al7muOcan6tar (?), n. [F. almucantarat, almicantarat,
ultimately fr. Ar. alPmuqantar>t, pl., fr. qantara to bend,
arch.] (Astron.) A small circle of the sphere parallel to
the horizon; a circle or parallel of altitude. Two stars
which have the same almucantar have the same altitude. See
Almacantar. [Archaic]
Almucanter staff, an ancient instrument, having an arc of
fifteen degrees, formerly used at sea to take observations
of the sun's amplitude at the time of its rising or setting,
to find the variation of the compass.
Al6muce (?), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape.
X AlOmude6 (?), n. [Pg. almude, or Sp. almud, a measure of
grain or dry fruit, fr. Ar. alPmudd a dry measure.] A
measure for liquids in several countries. In Portugal the
Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the Oporto almude about 6.6,
gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the =almud8 is about 1.4
{ Al6mug (?), Al6gum (?), } n. [Heb., perh. borrowed fr.
Skr. valguka sandalwood.] (Script.) A tree or wood of the
Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1 K. x. ??).
5 Most writers at the present day follow Celsius, who takes
it to be the red sandalwood of China and the Indian
W. Smith.
Al6nage (?), n., [OF. alnage, aulnage, F. aunage, fr. OF.
alne ell, of Ger. origin: cf. OHG. elina, Goth. aleina,
cubit. See Ell.] (O. Eng. Law) Measurement (of cloth) by the
ell; also, a duty for such measurement. 
Al6naOger (?), n. [See Alnage.] A measure by the ell;
formerly a sworn officer in England, whose duty was to
inspect act measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal.
Al6oe (?), n.; pl. Aloes (?). [L. alo , Gr. ?, aloe: cf. OF.
aloe, F. alo
s.] 1. pl. The wood of the agalloch. [Obs.]
2. (Bot.) A genus of succulent plants, some classed as
trees, others as shrubs, but the greater number having the
habit and appearance of evergreen herbaceous plants; from
some of which are prepared articles for medicine and the
arts. They are natives of warm countries.
3. pl. (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of
aloe, used as a purgative. [Plural in form but syntactically
American aloe, Century aloe, the agave. See Agave.
Al6oes wood7 (?). See Agalloch.
Al7oOet6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. alo.tique.] Consisting chiefly of
aloes; of the nature of aloes.
Al7oOet6ic, n. A medicine containing chiefly aloes.
AOloft6 (?; 115), adv. [Pref. aO + loft, which properly
meant air. See Loft.] 1. On high; in the air; high above the
ground. =He steers his flight aloft.8
2. (Naut.) In the top; at the mast head, or on the higher
yards or rigging; overhead; hence (Fig. and Colloq.), in or
to heaven.
AOloft6, prep. Above; on top of. [Obs.] 
Fresh waters run aloft the sea.
AOlo6giOan (?), n. [LL. Alogiani, Alogii, fr. Gr. ?; ? priv.
+ ? word.] (Eccl.) One of an ancient sect who rejected St.
John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which speak of Christ as
the Logos.
Al6oOgy (?), n. [L. alogia, Gr. ?, fr. ? priv. + ? reason.]
Unreasonableness; absurdity. [Obs.]
Al6oOin (?), n. (Chem.) A bitter purgative principle in
Al6oOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ?, salt + Omancy: cf. F. alomancie,
halomancie.] Divination by means of salt. [Spelt also
AOlone6 (?), a. [All + one. OE. al one all allone, AS. >n
one, alone. See All, One, Lone.] 1. Quite by one's self;
apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; O
applied to a person or thing.
Alone on a wide, wide sea.
It is not good that the man should be alone.
Gen. ii. 18.
2. Of or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or
any one else; without a sharer; only.
Man shall not live by bread alone.
Luke iv. 4.
The citizens alone should be at the expense.
3. Sole; only; exclusive. [R.]
God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and
move, and have our being.
4. Hence; Unique; rare; matchless.
5 The adjective alone commonly follows its noun.
To let or leave alone, to abstain from interfering with or
molesting; to suffer to remain in its present state.
AOlone6, adv. Solely; simply; exclusively.
AOlone6ly, adv. Only; merely; singly. [Obs.]
This said spirit was not given alonely unto him, but unto
all his heirs and posterity.
AOlone6ly, a. Exclusive. [Obs.]
AOlone6ness, n. A state of being alone, or without company;
solitariness. [R.]
Bp. Montagu.
AOlong6 (?; 115), adv. [OE. along, anlong, AS. andlang,
along; pref. andO (akin to OFris. ondO, OHG. antO, Ger.
entO, Goth. andO, andaO, L. ante, Gr. ?, Skr. anti, over
against) + lang long. See Long.] 1. By the length; in a line
with the length; lengthwise.
Some laid along... on spokes of wheels are hung.
2. In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward.
We will go along by the king's highway.
Numb. xxi. 22.
He struck with his o'ertaking wings,
And chased us south along.
3. In company; together.
He to England shall along with you.
All along, all trough the course of; during the whole time;
throughout. =I have all along declared this to be a neutral
paper.8 Addison. P To get along, to get on; to make
progress, as in business. =She 'll get along in heaven
better than you or I.8
Mrs. Stowe.
AOlong6, prep. By the length of, as distinguished from
across. =Along the lowly lands.8
The kine... went along the highway.
1 Sam. vi. 12.
AOlong6. [AS. gelang owing to.] (Now heard only in the prep.
phrase along of.)
Along of, Along on, often shortened to Long of, prep. phr.,
owing to; on account of. [Obs. or Low. Eng.] =On me is not
along thin evil fare.8 Chaucer. =And all this is long of
you.8 Shak. =This increase of price is all along of the
foreigners.8 London Punch.
AOlong6shore7 (?), adv. Along the shore or coast.
AOlong6shore7man (?), n. See Longshoreman.
AOlong6side7 (?), adv. Along or by the side; side by side
with; P often with of; as, bring the boat alongside;
alongside of him; alongside of the tree.
AOlongst6 (?; 115), prep. & adv. [Formed fr. along, like
amongst fr. among.] Along. [Obs.]
AOloof6 (?), n. (Zo.l.) Same as Alewife.
AOloof6, adv. [Pref. aO + loof, fr. D. loef luff, and so
meaning, as a nautical word, to the windward. See Loof,
Luff.] 1. At or from a distance, but within view, or at a
small distance; apart; away.
Our palace stood aloof from streets.
2. Without sympathy; unfavorably.
To make the Bible as from the hand of God, and then to look
at it aloof and with caution, is the worst of all impieties.
I. Taylor.
AOloof6 (?), prep. Away from; clear from. [Obs.]
Rivetus... would fain work himself aloof these rocks and
AOloof6ness, n. State of being aloof.
Rogers (1642). 
The... aloofness of his dim forest life.
{ X Al7oOpe6ciOa (?), AOlop6eOcy (?), } n. [L. alopecia, Gr.
?, fr. ? fox, because loss of the hair is common among
foxes.] (med.) Loss of the hair; baldness.
AOlop6eOcist (?), n. A practitioner who tries to prevent or
cure baldness.
AOlose6 (?), v. t. [OE. aloser.] To praise. [Obs.]
A6lose (?), n. [F., fr. L. alosa or alausa.] (Zo.l.) The
European shad (Clupea alosa); P called also allice shad or
allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American
shad (Clupea sapidissima). See Shad.
X Al7ouOatte6 (?), n. [Of uncertain origin.] (Zo.l.) One of
the several species of howling monkeys of South America.
See Howler, 2.
AOloud6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + loud.] With a loud voice, or
great noise; loudly; audibly.
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice.
Isa. lviii. 1.
AOlow6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + low.] Below; in a lower part.
=Aloft, and then alow.8
Alp (?), n. [L. Alpes the Alps, said to be of Celtic origin;
cf. Gael. alp a high mountain, Ir. ailp any huge mass or
lump: cf. F. Alpes.] 1. A very high mountain. Specifically,
in the plural, the highest chain of mountains in Europe,
containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, etc. 
Nor breath of vernal air from snowy alp.
Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise.
2. Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be
5 The plural form Alps is sometimes used as a singular. =The
Alps doth spit.8
Alp, n. A bullfinch.
Rom. of R.
AlOpac6a (?), n. [Sp. alpaca, fr. the original Peruvian name
of the animal. Cf. Paco.] 1. (Zo.l.) An animal of Peru (Lama
paco), having long, fine, wooly hair, supposed by some to be
a domesticated variety of the llama.
2. Wool of the alpaca.
3. A thin kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the
alpaca, often mixed with silk or with cotton.
Al6pen (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Alps. [R.] =The Alpen
J. Fletcher.
X Al6penOstock7 (?), n. [G.; Alp, gen. pl. Alpen + stock
stick.] A long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing
the Alps.
AlOpes6trine (?), a. [L. Alpestris.] Pertaining to the Alps,
or other high mountains; as, Alpestrine diseases, etc.
Al6pha (?), n. [L. alpha, Gr. ?, from Heb. >leph, name of
the first letter in the alphabet, also meaning ox.] The
first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and
hence used to denote the beginning.
In am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first 
and the last.
Rev. xxii. 13.
Formerly used also denote the chief; as, Plato was the alpha
of the wits.
5 In cataloguing stars, the brightest star of a
constellation in designated by Alpha (?); as, ? Lyr..
Al6phaObet (?), n. [L. alphabetum, fr. Gr. ? + ?, the first
two Greek letters; Heb. >leph and beth: cf. F. alphabet.] 1.
The letters of a language arranged in the customary order;
the series of letters or signs which form the elements of
written language.
2. The simplest rudiments; elements.
The very alphabet of our law.
Deaf and dumb alphabet. See Dactylology.
Al6phaObet, v. t. To designate by the letters of the
alphabet; to arrange alphabetically. [R.]
Al7phaObetOa6riOan (?), n. A learner of the alphabet; an
Abp. Sancroft.
{ Al7phaObet6ic (?), Al7phaObet6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
alphab.tique.] 1. Pertaining to, furnished with, expressed
by, or in the order of, the letters of the alphabet; as,
alphabetic characters, writing, languages, arrangement.
2. Literal. [Obs.] =Alphabetical servility.8
Al7phaObet6icOalOly, adv. In an alphabetic manner; in the
customary order of the letters.
Al7phaObet6ics (?), n. The science of representing spoken
sounds by letters.
Al6phaObetOism (?), n. The expression of spoken sounds by an
Encyc. Brit.
Al6phaObetOize (?), v. t. 1. To arrange alphabetically; as,
to alphabetize a list of words.
2. To furnish with an alphabet.
AlOphen6ic (?), n. [F. alf.nic, alph.nic, Sp. alfe?ique, Ar.
alPf>nFd sweetness, sugar, fr. Per. f>nFd, p>nFd, sugar,
cheese preserved in sugar.] (Med.) The crystallized juice of
the sugarcane; sugar candy.
AlPphit6oOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? barley meal + Omancy: cf. F.
alphitomancie.] Divination by means of barley meal.

<-- p. 44 -->

AlOphon6sine (?), a. Of or relating to Alphonso X., the
Wise, King of Castile (1252P1284).
Alphonsine tables, astronomical tables prepared under the
patronage of Alphonso the Wise.
Al6piOgene (?), a. [L. Alpes Alps + Ogen.] Growing in Alpine
Al6pine (?), a. [L. Alpinus, fr. Alpes the Alps: cf. F.
Alpin.] 1. Of or pertaining to the Alps, or to any lofty
mountain; as, Alpine snows; Alpine plants.
2. Like the Alps; lofty. =Gazing up an Alpine height.8
Al6pinOist (?), n. A climber of the Alps.
{ Al6pist (?), Al6piOa (?), } n. [F.: cf. Sp. & Pg.
alpiste.] The seed of canary grass (Phalaris Canariensis),
used for feeding cage birds.
X Al6quiOfou (?), n. [Equiv. to arquifoux, F. alquifoux, Sp.
alquif"l, fr. the same Arabic word as alcohol. See Alcohol.]
A lead ore found in Cornwall, England, and used by potters
to give a green glaze to their wares; potter's ore. 
AlOread6y (?), adv. [All (OE. al) + ready.] Prior to some
specified time, either past, present, or future; by this
time; previously. =Joseph was in Egypt already.8
Exod. i. 5.
I say unto you, that Elias is come already.
Matt. xvii. 12.
5 It has reference to past time, but may be used for a
future past; as, when you shall arrive, the business will be
already completed, or will have been already completed.
Als (?), adv. 1. Also. [Obs.]
2. As. [Obs.]
AlOsa6tian (?), a. Pertaining to Alsatia.
AlOsa6tian, n. An inhabitant of Alsatia or Alsace in
Germany, or of Alsatia or White Friars (a resort of debtors
and criminals) in London.
X Al7 se6gno (?). [It., to the mark or sign.] (Mus.) A
direction for the performer to return and recommence from
the sign ?.
Al6sike (?), n. [From Alsike, in Sweden.] A species of
clover with pinkish or white flowers; Trifolium hybridum.
Al6so (?), adv. & conj. [All + so. OE. al so, AS. ealsw>,
alsw?, .lsw.; eal, al, .l, all + sw> so. See All, So, As.]
1. In like manner; likewise. [Obs.]
2. In addition; besides; as well; further; too.
Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven... for where your
treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Matt. vi. 20.
3. Even as; as; so. [Obs.]
Syn. - Also, Likewise, Too. These words are used by way of
transition, in leaving one thought and passing to another.
Also is the widest term. It denotes that what follows is all
so, or entirely like that which preceded, or may be affirmed
with the same truth; as, =If you were there, I was there
also;8 8If our situation has some discomforts, it has also
many sources of enjoyment.8 Too is simply less formal and
pointed than also; it marks the transition with a lighter
touch; as, =I was there too;8 8a courtier yet a patriot
too.8 Pope. Likewise denotes literally =in like manner,8 and
hence has been thought by some to be more specific than
also. =It implies,8 says Whately, =some connection or
agreement between the words it unites. We may say, ? He is a
poet, and likewise a musician; 'but we should not say, ? He
is a prince, and likewise a musician, because there is no
natural connection between these qualities.8 This
distinction, however, is often disregarded.
Alt (?), a. & n. [See Alto.] (Mus.) The higher part of the
scale. See Alto.
To be in ~, to be in an exalted state of mind.
AlOta6ian (?), AlOta6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. alta.que.] Of or
pertaining to the Altai, a mountain chain in Central Asia.
Al6tar (?), n. [OE. alter, auter, autier, fr. L. altare, pl.
altaria, ~, prob. fr. altus high: cf. OF. alter, autier, F.
autel. Cf. Altitude.] 1. A raised structure (as a square or
oblong erection of stone or wood) on which sacrifices are
offered or incense burned to a deity.
Noah builded an altar unto the Lord.
Gen. viii. 20.
2. In the Christian church, a construction of stone, wood,
or other material for the celebration of the Holy Eucharist;
the communion table.
5 Altar is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a
compound; as, altar bread or altarPbread.
w cloth or wPcloth, the cover for an ~ in a Christian
church, usually richly embroidered. P w cushion, a cushion
laid upon the ~ in a Christian church to support the service
book. P w frontal. See Frontal. P w rail, the railing in
front of the ~ or communion table. P w screen, a wall or
partition built behind an ~ to protect it from approach in
the rear. P w tomb, a tomb resembling an ~ in shape, etc. P
Family ~, place of family devotions. P To ?ead (as a bride)
to the ~, to marry; P said of a woman.
Al6tarOage (?), n. [Cf. OF. auterage, autelage.] 1. The
offerings made upon the altar, or to a church.
2. The profit which accrues to the priest, by reason of the
altar, from the small tithes.
Al6tarOist (?), n. [Cf. LL. altarista, F. altariste.] (Old
Law) (a) A chaplain. (b) A vicar of a church.
Al6tarOpiece7 (?), n. The painting or piece of sculpture
above and behind the altar; reredos.
Al6tarOwise7 (?), adv. In the proper position of an altar,
that is, at the east of a church with its ends towards the
north and south.
AltOaz6iOmuth (?), n. [Alltude + azimuth.] (Astron.) An
instrument for taking azimuths and altitudes simultaneously.
Al6ter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Altered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Altering.] [F. alt.rer, LL. alterare, fr. L. alter other,
alius other. Cf. Else, Other.] 1. To make otherwise; to
change in some respect, either partially or wholly; to vary;
to modify. =To alter the king's course.8 =To alter the
condition of a man.8 =No power in Venice can alter a
It gilds all objects, but it alters none.
My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is
gone out of my lips.
Ps. lxxxix. 34.
2. To agitate; to affect mentally. [Obs.]
3. To geld. [Colloq.]
Syn. - Change, Alter. Change is generic and the stronger
term. It may express a loss of identity, or the substitution
of one thing in place of another; alter commonly expresses a
partial change, or a change in form or details without
destroying identity.
Al6ter, v. i. To become, in some respects, different; to
vary; to change; as, the weather alters almost daily; rocks
or minerals alter by exposure. =The law of the Medes and
Persians, which altereth not.8
Dan. vi. 8.
Al7terOaObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. alt.rabilit..] The quality
of being alterable; alterableness.
Al6terOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. alt.rable.] Capable of being
Our condition in this world is mutable and uncertain,
alterable by a thousand accidents.
Al6terOaObleOness, n. The quality of being alterable;
variableness; alterability.
Al6terOaObly, adv. In an alterable manner.
Al6terOant (?), a. [LL. alterans, p. pr.: cf. F. alt.rant.]
Altering; gradually changing.
Al6terOant, n. An alterative. [R.]
Al7terOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alt.ration.] 1. The act of
altering or making different.
Alteration, though it be from worse to better, hath in it
2. The state of being altered; a change made in the form or
nature of a thing; changed condition.
Ere long might perceive
Strange alteration in me.
Appius Claudius admitted to the senate the sons of those who
had been slaves; by which, and succeeding alterations, that
council degenerated into a most corrupt.
Al6terOaOtive (?), a. [L. alterativus: cf. F. alt.ratif.]
Causing alteration. Specifically: (Med.) Gradually changing,
or tending to change, a morbid state of the functions into
one of health.
Al6terOaOtive, n. A medicine or treatment which gradually
induces a change, and restores healthy functions without
sensible evacuations.
Al6terOcate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Altercated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Altercating.] [L. altercatus, p. p. of altercare,
altercari, fr. alter another. See Alter.] The contend in
words; to dispute with zeal, heat, or anger; to wrangle.
Al7terOca6tion (?; 277), n. [F. altercation, fr. L.
altercatio.] Warm contention in words; dispute carried on
with heat or anger; controversy; wrangle; wordy contest.
=Stormy altercations.8 
Syn. - Altercation, Dispute, Wrangle. The term dispute is in
most cases, but not necessarily, applied to a verbal
contest; as, a dispute on the lawfulness of war. An
altercation is an angry dispute between two parties,
involving an interchange of severe language. A wrangle is a
confused and noisy altercation.
Their whole life was little else than a perpetual wrangling
and altercation.
Al6terOcaOtive (?), a. Characterized by wrangling; scolding.
AlOter6iOty (?), n. [F. alt.rit..] The state or quality of
being other; a being otherwise. [R.]
For outness is but the feeling of otherness (alterity)
rendered intuitive, or alterity visually represented.
Al6tern (?), a. [L. alternus, fr. alter another: cf. F.
alterne.] Acting by turns; alternate.
w base (Trig.), a second side made base, in distinction a
side previously regarded as base.
AlOter6naOcy (?), n. Alternateness; alternation. [R.]
AlOter6nant (?), a. [L. alternans, p. pr.: cf. F. alternant.
See Alternate, v. t.] (Geol.) Composed of alternate layers,
as some rocks.
AlOter6nate (?; 277), a. [L. alternatus, p. p. of alternate,
fr. alternus. See Altern, Alter.] 1. Being or succeeding by
turns; one following the other in succession of time or
place; by turns first one and then the other; hence,
And bid alternate passions fall and rise.
2. Designating the members in a series, which regularly
intervene between the members of another series, as the odd
or even numbers of the numerals; every other; every second;
as, the alternate members 1, 3, 5, 7, etc.; read every
alternate line.
3. (Bot.) Distributed, as leaves, singly at different
heights of the stem, and at equal intervals as respects
angular divergence.
w alligation. See Alligation. P w angles (Geom.), the
internal and angles made by two lines with a third, on
opposite sides of it. It the parallels AB, CD, are cut by
the line EF, the angles AGH, GHD, as also the angles BGH and
GHC, are called alternate angles. P w generation. (Biol.)
See under Generation.
AlOter6nate (?; 277), n. 1. That which alternates with
something else; vicissitude. [R.]
Grateful alternates of substantial.
2. A substitute; one designated to take the place of
another, if necessary, in performing some duty. 
3. (Math.) A proportion derived from another proportion by
interchanging the means.
Al6terOnate (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alternated; p. pr.
& vb. n. Alternating.] [L. alternatus, p. p. of alternare.
See Altern.] To perform by turns, or in succession; to cause
to succeed by turns; to interchange regularly.
The most high God, in all things appertaining unto this
life, for sundry wise ends alternates the disposition of
good and evil.
Al6terOnate, v. i. 1. To happen, succeed, or act by turns;
to follow reciprocally in place or time; P followed by with;
as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
Rage, shame, and grief alternate in his breast.
J. Philips.
Different species alternating with each other.
2. To vary by turns; as, the land alternates between rocky
hills and sandy plains.
AlOter6nateOly (?), adv. 1. In reciprocal succession;
succeeding by turns; in alternate order.
2. (Math.) By alternation; when, in a proportion, the
antecedent term is compared with antecedent, and consequent.
AlOter6nateOness, n. The quality of being alternate, or of
following by turns.
Al7terOna6tion (?), n. [L. alternatio: cf. F. alternation.]
1. The reciprocal succession of things in time or place; the
act of following and being followed by turns; alternate
succession, performance, or occurrence; as, the alternation
of day and night, cold and heat, summer and winter, hope and
2. (Math.) Permutation.
3. The response of the congregation speaking alternately
with the minister.
w of generation. See under Generation.
AlOter6naOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. alternatif.] 1. Offering a
choice of two things.
2. Disjunctive; as, an alternative conjunction.
3. Alternate; reciprocal. [Obs.]
AlOter6naOtive, n. [Cf. F. alternative, LL. alternativa.] 1.
An offer of two things, one of which may be chosen, but not
both; a choice between two things, so that if one is taken,
the other must be left.
There is something else than the mere alternative of
absolute destruction or unreformed existence.
2. Either of two things or propositions offered to one's
choice. Thus when two things offer a choice of one only, the
two things are called alternatives.
Having to choose between two alternatives, safety and war,
you obstinately prefer the worse.
Jowett (Thucyd.).
3. The course of action or the thing offered in place of
If this demand is refused the alternative is war.
With no alternative but death.
4. A choice between more than two things; one of several
things offered to choose among.
My decided preference is for the fourth and last of th??
AlOter6naOtiveOly, adv. In the manner of alternatives, or
that admits the choice of one out of two things.
AlPter6naOtiveOness, n. The quality of being alternative, or
of offering a choice between two.
AlOter6niOty (?), n. [LL. alternitas.] Succession by turns;
alternation. [R.]
Sir T. Browne.
{ X AlOth.6a , X AlOthe6a } (?), n. [L. althaea, Gr. ?.]
(Bot.) (a) A genus of plants of the Mallow family. It
includes the officinal marsh mallow, and the garden
hollyhocks. (b) An ornamental shrub (Hibiscus Syriacus) of
the Mallow family. 
AlOthe6ine (?), n.(Chem.) Asparagine.
AlOtho6 (?), conj. Altough. [Reformed spelling.]
Alt6horn7 (?), n. [Alt + horn.] (Mus.) An instrument of the
saxhorn family, used exclusively in military music, often
replacing the French horn.
AlOthough6 (?), conj. [All + though; OE. al thagh.] Grant
all this; be it that; supposing that; notwithstanding;
Although all shall be offended, yet will no I.
Mark xiv. 29.
Syn. - Although, Though. Although, which originally was
perhaps more emphatic than though, is now interchangeable
with it in the sense given above. Euphonic consideration
determines the choice.
AlOtil6oOquence (?), n. Lofty speech; pompous language. [R.]
AlOtil6oOquent (?), a. [L. altus (adv. alte) high + loquens,
p. pr. of loqui to speak.] HighPsounding; pompous in speech.
AlOtim6eOter (?), n. [LL. altimeter; altus high + metrum,
Gr. ?, measure: cf. F. altim
tre.] An instrument for taking
altitudes, as a quadrant, sextant, etc.
AlOtim6eOtry (?), n. [Cf. F. altim.trie.] The art of
measuring altitudes, or heights.
AlOtin6car (?), n. See Tincal.
Al6tiOscope (?), n. [L. altus high + Gr. ? to view.] An
arrangement of lenses and mirrors.

<-- p. 45 -->
which enables a person to see an object in spite of
AlOtis6oOnant (?), a. [L. altus high + ?onans, p. pr. of
sonare to sound.] HighPsounding; lofty or pompous.
AlOtis6oOnous (?), a. [L. altisonus.] Altisonant.
X AlOtis6siOmo (?), n. [It.; superl. of alto.] (Mus.) The
part or notes situated above F in alt.
Al6tiOtude (?), n. [L. altitudo, fr. altus high. Cf. Altar,
Haughty, Enhance.] 1. Space extended upward; height; the
perpendicular elevation of an object above its foundation,
above the ground, or above a given level, or of one object
above another; as, the altitude of a mountain, or of a bird
above the top of a tree.
2. (Astron.) The elevation of a point, or star, or other
celestial object, above the horizon, measured by the arc of
a vertical circle intercepted between such point and the
horizon. It is either true or apparent; true when measured
from the rational or real horizon, apparent when from the
sensible or apparent horizon. 
3. (Geom.) The perpendicular distance from the base of a
figure to the summit, or to the side parallel to the base;
as, the altitude of a triangle, pyramid, parallelogram,
frustum, etc.
4. Height of degree; highest point or degree.
He is [proud] even to the altitude of his virtue.
5. Height of rank or excellence; superiority.
6. pl. Elevation of spirits; heroics; haughty airs.
The man of law began to get into his altitude.
Sir W. Scott.
Meridian ~, an arc of the meridian intercepted between the
south point on the horizon and any point on the meridian.
See Meridian, 3.
Al7tiOtu6diOnal (?), a. Of or pertaining to height; as,
altitudinal measurements.
Al7tiOtu7diOna6riOan (?), a. Lofty in doctrine, aims, etc.
AlOtiv6oOlant (?), a. [L. altivolans. See Volant.] Flying
high. [Obs.]
Al6to (?), n.; pl. Altos (?). [It. alto high, fr. L. altus.
Cf. Alt.] 1. (Mus.) Formerly the part sung by the highest
male, or counterPtenor, voices; now the part sung by the
lowest female, or contralto, voices, between in tenor and
soprano. In instrumental music it now signifies the tenor.
2. An alto singer.
w clef (Mus., the counterPtenor clef, or the C clef, placed
so that the two strokes include the middle line of the
Al7toOgeth6er (?), adv. [OE. altogedere; al all + togedere
together. See Together.] 1. All together; conjointly. [Obs.]
Altogether they wen? at once.
2. Without exception; wholly; completely.
Every man at his best state is altogether vanity.
Ps. xxxix. 5.
AlOtom6eOter (?), n. [L. altus high + Ometer.] A theodolite.
Al6toPreOlie6vo (?), n. AltoPrilievo.
X Al6toPriOlieOvo (?), n.; pl. AltoPrilievos (?). [It.]
(Sculp.) High relief; sculptured work in which the figures
project more than half their thickness; as, this figure is
an altoOrilievo or in altoOrilievo.
5 When the figure stands only half out, it is called
mezzoPrilievo, or medium relief; when its projection is less
than one half, bassoPrilievo, basPrelief, or low relief.
Al6triOcal (?), a. (Zo.l.) Like the articles.
X AlOtri6ces (?), n. pl. [L., nourishes, pl. of altrix.]
(Zo.l.) Nursers, P a term applied to those birds whose young
are hatched in a very immature and helpless condition, so as
to require the care of their parents for some time; P
opposed to pr.coces.
Al6truOism (?), n. [F. altruisme (a word of Comte's), It.
altrui of or to others, fr. L. alter another.] Regard for
others, both natural and moral; devotion to the interests of
others; brotherly kindness; P opposed to egoism or
selfishness. [Recent] 
J. S. Mill.
Al6truOist, n. One imbued with altruism; P opposed to
Al7truOis6tic (?), a. [Cf. F. altruiste, a. See Altruism..]
Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish; P opposed to
egoistic or selfish. Bain. P Al7truOis6ticOalOly, adv.
Al6uOdel (?), n. [F. & Sp. aludel, fr. Ar. aluth>l.] (Chem.)
One of the pearPshaped pots open at both ends, and so formed
as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of
another in succession; P used in the process of sublimation.
X Al6uOla (?), n. [NL., dim. of L. ala a wing.] (Zo.l.) A
false or bastard wing. See under Bastard.
Al6uOlar (?), a. (Zo.l.) Pertaining to the alula.
Al6um (?), n. [OE. alum, alom, OF. alum, F. alun, fr. L.
alumen alum.] (Chem.) A double sulphate formed of aluminium
and some other element (esp. an alkali metal) or of
aluminium. It has twentyPfour molecules of water of
5 Common alum is the double sulphate of aluminium and
potassium. It is white, transparent, very astringent, and
crystallizes easily in octahedrons. The term is extended so
as to include other double sulphates similar to ~ in
Al6um (?), v. t. To steep in, or otherwise impregnate with,
a solution of ~; to treat with ~.
X AOlu6men (?), n. [L.] (Chem.) Alum.
AOlu6miOna (?), n. [L. alumen, aluminis. See Alum.] (Chem.)
One of the earths, consisting of two parts of aluminium and
three of oxygen, Al2O3.
5 It is the oxide of the metal aluminium, the base of
aluminous salts, a constituent of a large part of the earthy
siliceous minerals, as the feldspars, micas, scapolites,
etc., and the characterizing ingredient of common clay, in
which it exists as an impure silicate with water, resulting
from the decomposition of other aluminous minerals. In its
natural state, it is the mineral corundum. 
AOlu7miOnate (?), n. (Chem.) A compound formed from the
hydrate of aluminium by the substitution of a metal for the
AOlu6miOna7ted (?). a. Combined with alumina.
Al6uOmine (?), n. [F.] Alumina.
Al7uOmin6ic (?), a. Of or containing aluminium; as,
aluminic phosphate.
AOlu7miOnif6erOous (?), a. [L. alumen alum + Oferous: cf.
F. aluminif
re.] Containing alum.
AOlu6miOniOform (?), a. [L. alumen + Oform.] pertaining the
form of alumina.
Al7uOmin6iOum (?), n. [L. alumen. See Alum.] (Chem.) The
metallic base of alumina. This metal is white, but with a
bluish tinge, and is remarkable for its resistance to
oxidation, and for its lightness, pertaining a specific
gravity of about 2.6. Atomic weight 27.08. Symbol Al.
w bronze or gold, a pale goldPcolored alloy of aluminium and
copper, used for journal bearings, etc.
AOlu6miOnize (?), v. t. To treat impregnate with alum; to
AOlu6miOnous (?), a. [L. aluminosus, fr. alumen alum: cf.
F. alumineux.] Pertaining to or containing alum, or alumina;
as, aluminous minerals, aluminous solution.
AOlu6miOnum (?), n. See Aluminium.
Al6umOish (?), a. Somewhat like alum.
X AOlum6na (?), n. fem.; pl. Alumn. . [L. See Alumnus.] A
female pupil; especially, a graduate of a school or college.
X AOlum6nus (?), n.; pl. Alumni (?). [L., fr. alere to
nourish.] A pupil; especially, a graduate of a college or
other seminary of learning.
Al6um root7 (?). (Bot.) A North American herb (Heuchera
Americana) of the Saxifrage family, whose root has
astringent properties.
{ Al6um schist6 (?), Al6um shale6 (?), } (Min.) A variety of
shale or clay slate, containing iron pyrites, the
decomposition of which leads to the formation of alum, which
often effloresces on the rock.
Al6um stone7 (?). (Min.) A subsulphate of alumina and
potash; alunite.
Al6uOnite (?), n. (Min.) Alum stone.
AOlu6noOgen (?), n. [F. alun alum + Ogen.] (Min.) A white
fibrous mineral frequently found on the walls of mines and
quarries, chiefly hydrous sulphate of alumina; P also called
feather alum, and hair salt.
Al6ure (?), n. [OF. alure, aleure, walk, gait, fr. aler (F.
aller) to go.] A walk or passage; P applied to passages of
various kinds. 
The sides of every street were covered with fresh alures of
T. Warton.
Al6uOta6ceous (?), a. [L. alutacius, fr. aluta soft
leather.] 1. Leathery.
2. Of a pale brown color; leatherOyellow.
Al7luOta6tion (?), n. [See Alutaceous.] The tanning or
dressing of leather. [Obs.]
Al6veOaOry (?), n.; pl. Alvearies (?). [L. alvearium,
alveare, beehive, fr. alveus a hollow vessel, beehive, from
alvus belly, beehive.] 1. A beehive, or something resembling
a beehive.
2. (Anat.) The hollow of the external ear.
Al6veOa7ted (?), a. [L. alveatus hollowed out.] Formed or
vaulted like a beehive.
Al6veOoOlar (?; 277), a. [L. alveolus a small hollow or
cavity: cf. F. alv.olaire.] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or
resembling, alveoli or little cells, sacs, or sockets.
w processes, the processes of the maxillary bones,
containing the sockets of the teeth.
Al6veOoOlaOry (?), a. Alveolar. [R.]
Al6veOoOlate (?), a. [L. alveolatus, fr. alveolus.] (Bot.)
Deeply pitted, like a honeycomb.
Al6veOole (?), n. Same as Alveolus.
AlOve6oOliOform (?), a. [L. alvelous + Oform.] Having the
form of alveoli, or little sockets, cells, or cavities.
X AlOve6oOlus (?), n.; pl. Alveoli (?). [L., a small hollow
or cavity, dim. of alveus: cf. F. alv.ole. See Alveary.] 1.
A cell in a honeycomb.
2. (Zo.l.) A small cavity in a coral, shell, or fossil
3. (Anat.) A small depression, sac, or vesicle, as the
socket of a tooth, the air cells of the lungs, the ultimate
saccules of glands, etc. 
X Al6veOus (?), n.; pl. Alvei (?). [L.] The channel of a
Al6vine (?), a. [L. alvus belly: cf. F. alvin.] Of, from,
in, or pertaining to, the belly or the intestines; as,
alvine discharges; alvine concretions. 
Al6way (?), adv. Always. [Archaic or Poetic]
I would not live alway.
Job vii. 16.
Al6ways (?), adv. [All + way. The s is an adverbial (orig. a
genitive) ending.] 1. At all times; ever; perpetually;
throughout all time; continually; as, God is always the
Even in Heaven his [Mammon's] looks and thoughts.
2. Constancy during a certain period, or regularly at stated
intervals; invariably; uniformly; P opposed to sometimes or
He always rides a black galloway.
X AOlys6sum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, name of a plant, perh.
fr. ? priv. + ? raging madness.] (Bot.) A genus of
cruciferous plants; madwort. The sweet alyssum (A.
maritimum), cultivated for bouquets, bears small, white,
sweetOscented flowers.
Am (?). [AS. am, eom, akin to Gothic im, Icel. em, Olr. am,
Lith. esmi, L. sum., Gr. ?, Zend ahmi, Skr. asmi, fr. a root
as to be. ?. See Are, and cf. Be, Was.] The first person
singular of the verb be, in the indicative mode, present
tense. See Be.
God said unto Moses, I am that am.
Exod. iii. 14.
Am7aObil6iOty (?), n. [L. amabilitas.] Lovableness.
Jer. Taylor.
5 The New English Dictionary (Murray) says this word is
=usefully distinct from Amiability.8
Am7aOcrat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? together + ? power.] (Photog.)
Sir J. Herschel.
X Am7aOdaOvat6 (?), n. [Indian name. From Ahmedabad, a city
from which it was imported to Europe.] (Zo.l.) The
strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda
amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female
is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; P
called also red waxbill. [Written also amaduvad and
Am6aOdou (?), n. [F. amadou tinder, prop. lure, bait, fr.
amadouer to allure, caress, perh. fr. Icel. mata to feed,
which is akin to E. meat.] A spongy, combustible substance,
prepared from fungus (Boletus and Polyporus) which grows on
old trees; German tinder; punk. It has been employed as a
styptic by surgeons, but its common use is as tinder, for
which purpose it is prepared by soaking it in a strong
solution of niter.
AOmain6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + main. See 2d Main, n.] 1. With
might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly.
They on the hill, which were not yet come to blows,
perceiving the fewness of their enemies, came down amain.
That striping giant, illPbred and scoffing, shouts amain.
T. Parker.
2. At full speed; in great haste; also, at once. =They fled
AOmain6, v. t. [F. amener. See Amenable.] (Naut.) To lower,
as a sail, a yard, etc. 
AOmain6, v. i. (Naut.) To lower the topsail, in token of
surrender; to yield.
AOmal6gam (?), n. [F. amalgame, prob. fr. L. malagma, Gr. ?,
emollient, plaster, poultice, fr. ? to make soft, fr. ?
soft.] 1. An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals;
as, an amalgam of tin, bismuth, etc.
5 Medalists apply the term to soft alloys generally.
2. A mixture or compound of different things.
3. (Min.) A native compound of mercury and silver.
AOmal6gam, v. t. ? i. [Cf. F. amalgamer] To amalgamate.
Boyle. B. Jonson.
X AOmal6gaOma (?), n. Same as Amalgam.
They divided this their amalgam into a number of incoherent
AOmal6gaOmate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amalgamated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Amalgamating.] 1. To compound or mix, as quicksilver,
with another metal; to unite, combine, or alloy with
2. To mix, so as to make a uniform compound; to unite or
combine; as, to amalgamate two races; to amalgamate one race
with another.
Ingratitude is indeed their four cardinal virtues compacted
and amalgamated into one.
AOmal6gaOmate, v. i. 1. To unite in an amalgam; to blend
with another metal, as quicksilver.
2. To coalesce, as a result of growth; to combine into a
uniform whole; to blend; as, two organs or parts amalgamate.
{ AOmal6gaOmate (?), AOmal6gaOma7ted (?), } a. Coalesced;
united; combined.
AOmal7gaOma6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. amalgamation.] 1. The act
or operation of compounding mercury with another metal; P
applied particularly to the process of separating gold and
silver from their ores by mixing them with mercury.
2. The mixing or blending of different elements, races,
societies, etc.; also, the result of such combination or
blending; a homogeneous union.

AOmal6gaOmaOtive (?), a. Characterized by amalgamation.
AOmal6gaOma7tor (?), n. One who, or that which, amalgamates.
Specifically: A machine for separating precious metals from
earthy particles by bringing them in contact with a body of
mercury with which they form an amalgam. 
AOmal6gaOmize (?), v. t. To amalgamate. [R.]
AOman6dine (?), n. [F. amande almond. See Almond.] 1. The
vegetable casein of almonds.
2. A kind of cold cream prepared from almonds, for chapped
hands, etc.
AlOman6iOtine (?), n. [Gr. ? a sort of fungus.] The
poisonous principle of some fungi.
AOman7uOen6sis (?), n.; pl. Amanuenses (?). [L., fr. a, ab +
manus hand.] A person whose employment is to write what
another dictates, or to copy what another has written.
X AOmar6aOcus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] A fragrant flower.
Am6aOrant (?), n. Amaranth, 1. [Obs.]
Am7aOranOta6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or
resembling, the family of plants of which the amaranth is
the type.
Am6aOranth (?), n. [L. amarantus, Gr. ?, unfading, amaranth;
? priv. + ? to quench, cause to wither, fr. a root meaning
to die, akin to E. mortal; P so called because its flowers
do not soon wither: cf. F. amarante. The spelling with th
seems to be due to confusion with Gr. ? flower.] 1. An
imaginary flower supposed never to fade. [Poetic]
2. (Bot.) A genus of ornamental annual plants (Amaranthus)
of many species, with green, purplish, or crimson flowers.
2. A color inclining to purple.
Am7aOran6thine (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to amaranth.
=Amaranthine bowers.8

<-- p. 46 -->

2. Unfading, as the poetic amaranth; undying.
They only amaranthine flower on earth
Is virtue.
3. Of a purplish color.
{ Am7aOran6thus (?), X Am7aOran6tus (?), } n. Same as
Am6aOrine (?), n. [L. amarus bitter.] (Chem.) A
characteristic crystalline substance, obtained from oil of
bitter almonds.
AOmar6iOtude (?), n. [L. amaritudo, fr. amarus bitter: cf.
OF. amaritude.] Bitterness. [R.]
{ Am7aOryl7liOda6ceous (?), Am7aOrylOlid6eOous (?), } a.
(Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, an order of plants
differing from the lily family chiefly in having the ovary
below the ?etals. The narcissus and daffodil are members of
this family.
X Am7aOryl6lis (?), n. [L. Amaryllis, Gr. ?, ?, the name of
a country girl in Theocritus and Virgil.] 1. A pastoral
To sport with Amaryllis in the shade.
2. (bot.) (a) A family of plants much esteemed for their
beauty, including the narcissus, jonquil, daffodil, agave,
and others. (b) A genus of the same family, including the
Belladonna lily.
AOmass6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amassed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Amassing.] [F. ambusher, LL. amassare; L. ad + massa
lump, mass. See Mass.] To collect into a mass or heap; to
gather a great quantity of; to accumulate; as, to amass a
treasure or a fortune; to amass words or phrases.
The life Homer has been written by amassing all the
traditions and hints the writers could meet with.
Syn. - To accumulate; heap up; pile.
AOmass6, n. [OF. amasse, fr. ambusher.] A mass; a heap.
Sir H. Wotton.
AOmass6aOble (?), a. Capable of being amassed.
AOmass6er (?), n. One who amasses.
X A7mas7sette6 (?), n. [F. See Amass.] An instrument of horn
used for collecting painters' colors on the stone in the
process of grinding.
AOmass6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amassement.] An amassing; a
heap collected; a large quantity or number brought together;
an accumulation.
An amassment of imaginary conceptions.
Am7asOthen6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? together + ? force.] (Photog.)
Uniting the chemical rays of light into one focus, as a
certain kind of lens; amacratic.
AOmate6 (?), v. t. [OF. amater, amatir.] To dismay; to
dishearten; to daunt. [Obs. or Archaic]
The Silures, to amate the new general, rumored the overthrow
greater than was true.
AOmate6, v. t. [Pref. aO + mate.] To be a mate to; to match.
Am7aOteur6 (?), n. [F., fr. L. amator lover, fr. amare to
love.] A person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or
science as to music or painting; esp. one who cultivates any
study or art, from taste or attachment, without pursuing it
Am7aOteur6ish, a. In the style of an amateur; superficial or
defective like the work of an amateur. P Am7aOteur6ishOly,
adv. P Am7aOteur6ishOness, n.
Am6aOteurOism (?), n. The practice, habit, or work of an
Am6aOteur7ship, n. The quality or character of an amateur.
Am6aOtive (?), a. [L. amatus, p. p. of amare to love.] Full
of love; amatory.
Am6aOtiveOness, n. (Phren.) The faculty supposed to
influence sexual desire; propensity to love.
Am7aOto6riOal (?), a. [See Amatorious.] Of or pertaining to
a lover or to love making; amatory; as, amatorial verses.
Am7aOto6riOalOly, adv. In an amatorial manner.
Am7aOto6riOan (?), a. Amatory. [R.]
Am7aOto6riOous (?), a. [L. amatorius, fr. amare to love.]
Amatory. [Obs.] =Amatorious poem.8
Am6aOtoOry (?), a. Pertaining to, producing, or expressing,
sexual love; as, amatory potions.
X Am7auOro6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? dark, dim.] (Med.) A
loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic
nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; P
called also gutta ?erena, the =drop serene8 of Milton.
Am7auOrot6ic (?), a. Affected with amaurosis; having the
characteristics of amaurosis.
AOmaze6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amazed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Amazing.] [Pref. aO + maze.] 1. To ??wilder; to stupefy; to
bring into a maze. [Obs.] 
A labyrinth to amaze his foes.
2. To confound, as by fear, wonder, extreme surprise; to
overwhelm with wonder; to astound; to astonish greatly.
=Amazing Europe with her wit.8
And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the
son of David?
Matt. xii. 23.
Syn. - To astonish; astound; confound; bewilder; perplex;
surprise. P Amaze, Astonish. Amazement includes the notion
of bewilderment of difficulty accompanied by surprise. It
expresses a state in which one does not know what to do, or
to say, or to think. Hence we are amazed at what we can not
in the least account for. Astonishment also implies
surprise. It expresses a state in which one is stunned by
the vastness or greatness of something, or struck with some
degree of horror, as when one is overpowered by the ?normity
of an act, etc.
AOmaze6, v. i. To be astounded. [Archaic]
B. Taylor.
AOmaze6, v. t. Bewilderment, arising from fear, surprise, or
wonder; amazement. [Chiefly poetic]
The wild, bewildered
Of one to stone converted by amaze.
AOmaz6edOly (?), adv. In amazement; with confusion or
AOmaz6edOness, n. The state of being amazed, or confounded
with fear, surprise, or wonder.
Bp. Hall.
AOmaze6ful (?), a. Full of amazement. [R.]
AOmaze6ment (?), n. 1. The condition of being amazed;
bewilderment [Obs.]; overwhelming wonder, as from surprise,
sudden fear, horror, or admiration. 
His words impression left
Of much amazement.
2. Frenzy; madness. [Obs.]
Webster (1661).
AOmaz6ing (?), a. Causing amazement; very wonderful; ; as,
amazing grace. P AOmaz6ingOly, adv.
Am6aOzon (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] 1. One of a fabulous race
of female warriors in Scythia; hence, a female warrior.
2. A tall, strong, masculine woman; a virago.
3. (Zo.l.) A name numerous species of South American parrots
of the genus Chrysotis
w ant(Zo.l.), a species of ant (Polyergus rufescens), of
Europe and America. They seize by conquest the larv. and
nymphs other species and make slaves of them in their own
Am7aOzo6niOan (?), a. 1. Pertaining to or resembling an
Amazon; of masculine manners; warlike.
2. Of or pertaining to the river Amazon in South America, or
to its valley.
{ Am6aOzonOite (?), Am6aOzon stone7 (?), } n. [Named from
the river Amazon.] (Min.) A variety of feldspar, having a
verdigrisPgreen color.
AmbO, AmObiO. [L. prefix ambiO, ambO, akin to Gr. ?, Skr.
abhi, AS. embe, emb, OHG. umbi, umpi, G. um, and also L.
ambo both. Cf. AmphiO, Both, By.] A prefix meaning about,
around; P used in words derived from the Latin.
X AmOba6ges (?), n. pl. [L. (usually in pl.); pref. ambiO,
ambO + agere to drive: cf. F. ambage.] A circuit; a winding.
Hence: Circuitous way or proceeding; quibble;
circumlocution; indirect mode of speech.
After many ambages, perspicuously define what this
melancholy is.
AmObag6iOnous (?), a. Ambagious. [R.]
AmOba6gious (?), a. [L. ambagiosus.] Circumlocutory;
circuitous. [R.]
AmObag6iOtoOry (?), a. Ambagious. [R.]
Am6basOsade (?), Em6basOsade (?), n. [F. ambassade. See
Embassy.] 1. The mission of an ambassador. [Obs.]
2. An embassy. [Obs.]
AmObas6saOdor (?), EmObas6saOdor (?), n. [See Embassador.]
1. A minister of the highest rank sent a foreign court to
represent there his sovereign or country.
5 Ambassador are either ordinary [or resident] or
extraordinary, that is, sent upon some special or unusual
occasion or errand.
2. An official messenger and representative.
AmObas7saOdo6riOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to an
H. Walpole.
AmObas7saOdorOship (?), n. The state, office, or functions
of an ambassador.
AmObas6saOdress (?), n. A female ambassador; also, the wife
of an ambassador.
Am6basOsage (?), n. Same as Embassage. [Obs. or R.]
Luke xiv. 32.
Am6basOsy (?), n. See Embassy, the usual spelling.
Am6ber , n. [OE. aumbre, F. ambre, Sp. mbar, and with the
Ar. article, al mbar, fr. Ar. 'anbar ambergris.] 1. (Min.) A
yellowish translucent resin resembling copal, found as a
fossil in alluvial soils, with beds of lignite, or on the
seashore in many places. It takes a fine polish, and is used
for pipe mouthpieces, beads, etc., and as a basis for a fine
varnish. By friction, it becomes strongly electric.
2. w color, or anything ~Pcolored; a clear light yellow; as,
the amber of the sky.
3. Ambergris. [Obs.]
You that smell of amber at my charge.
Beau. & Fl.
4. The balsam, liquidambar.
Black ~, and old and popular name for jet.
Am6ber, a. 1. Consisting of ~; made of ~. =Amber bracelets.8
2. Resembling ~, especially in color; ~Pcolored. =The amber
Am6ber, v. t. [p. p. & p. a. Ambered .] 1. To scent or
flavor with ambergris; as, ambered wine.
2. To preserve in ~; as, an ambered fly.
Am6ber fish (?). (Zo.l.) A fish of the southern Atlantic
coast (Seriola Carolinensis.)
Am6berOgrease (?), n. See Ambergris.
Am6berOgris (?), n. [F. ambre gris, i. e., gray amber; F.
gris gray, which is of German origin: cf. OS. gr.s, G.
greis, grayPhaired. See Amber.] A substance of the
consistence of wax, found floating in the Indian Ocean and
other parts of the tropics, and also as a morbid secretion
in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter
macrocephalus), which is believed to be in all cases its
true origin. In color it is white, ashPgray, yellow, or
black, and often variegated like marble. The floating
masses are sometimes from sixty to two hundred and
twentyPfive pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as a
white vapor at 2120 Fahrenheit, and is highly valued in
Am6ber seed7 (?). Seed of the Hibiscus abelmoschus, somewhat
resembling millet, brought from Egypt and the West Indies,
and having a flavor like that of musk; musk seed.
Am6ber tree7 (?). A species of Anthospermum, a shrub with
evergreen leaves, which, when bruised, emit a fragrant odor.
Ambes6Pas (?), n. AmbsPace. [Obs.]
Am6biOdex6ter (?), a. [LL., fr. L. ambo both + dexter right,
dextra (sc. manus) the right hand.] Using both hands with
equal ease.
Am7biOdex6ter, n. 1. A person who uses both hands with equal
2. Hence; A doublePdealer; one equally ready to act on
either side in party disputes.
The rest are hypocrites, ambidexters, so ??any turning
pictures P a lion on one side, a lamb on the other.
3. (Law) A juror who takes money from both parties for
giving his verdict.
Am6biOdexOter6iOty (?), n. 1. The quality of being
ambidex?rous; the faculty of using both hands with equal
facility. Hence: Versatility; general readiness; as,
ambidexterity of argumentation.
Ignorant I was of the human frame, and of its latent powers,
as regarded speed, force, and ambidexterity.
De Quincey.
2. DoublePdealing. (Law) A juror's taking of money from the
both parties for a verdict.
Am7biOdex6tral (?), a. Pertaining equally to the rightPhand
side and the leftPhand side.
Am7biOdex6trous (?), a. 1. Pertaining the faculty of using
both hands with equal ease.
Sir T. Browne.
2. Practicing or siding with both parties.
All false, shuffling, and ambidextrous dealings.
Am6biOdex6trousOly, adv. In an ambidextrous manner;
Am7biOdex6trousOness (?), n. The quality of being
ambidextrous; ambidexterity.
Am6biOent (?), a. [L. ambiens, p. pr. of ambire to go
around; ambO + ire to go.] Encompassing on all sides;
circumfused; investing. =Ambient air.8 Milton. =Ambient
clouds.8 Pope.
Am6biOent, n. Something that surrounds or invests; as,
air... being a perpetual ambient.
Sir H. Wotton.
AmObig6eOnous (?), a. [L. ambo both + genus kind.] Of two
kinds. (bot.) Partaking of two natures, as the perianth of
some endogenous plants, where the outer surface is calycine,
and the inner petaloid.
Am6biOgu (?), n. [F., fr. ambigu doubtful, L. ambiquus. See
Ambiguous.] An entertainment at which a medley of dishes is
set on at the same time.
Am7biOgu6iOty (?), n.; pl. Ambiguities (?). [L. ambiguitas,
fr. ambiguus: cf. F. ambiguit..] The quality or state of
being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty, particularly
as to the signification of language, arising from its
admitting of more than one meaning; an equivocal word or
No shadow of ambiguity can rest upon the course to be
I. Taylor.
The words are of single signification, without any
AmObig6uOous (?), a. [L. ambiguus, fr. ambigere to wander
about, waver; ambO + agere to drive.] Doubtful or uncertain,
particularly in respect to signification; capable of being
understood in either of two or more possible senses;
equivocal; as, an ambiguous course; an ambiguous expression.
What have been thy answers? What but dark,
Ambiguous, and with double sense deluding?
Syn. - Doubtful; dubious; uncertain; unsettled; indistinct;
indeterminate; indefinite. See Equivocal.
AmObig6uOousOly, adv. In an ambiguous manner; with doubtful
AmObig6uOousOness, n. Ambiguity.
Am7biOle6vous (?), a. [L. ambo both + laevus left.]
LeftPhanded on both sides; clumsy; P opposed to ambidexter.
Sir T. Browne.
AmObil6oOquy (?), n. Doubtful or ambiguous language. [Obs.]
AmObip6aOrous (?), a. [L. ambo both + parere to bring
forth.] (Bot.) Characterized by containing the rudiments of
both flowers and leaves; P applied to a bud.
Am6bit (?), n. [L. ambitus circuit, fr. ambire to go around.
See Ambient.] Circuit or compass.
His great parts did not live within a small ambit.
AmObi6tion (?), n. [F. ambition, L. ambitio a going around,
especially of candidates for office is Rome, to solicit
votes (hence, desire for office or honor? fr. ambire to go
around. See Ambient, Issue.] 1. The act of going about to
solicit or obtain an office, or any other object of desire;
canvassing. [Obs.]
[I] used no ambition to commend my deeds.
2. An eager, and sometimes an inordinate, desire for
preferment, honor, superiority, power, or the attainment of
Cromwell, I charge thee, fling a way ambition:
By that sin fell the angels.
The pitiful ambition of possessing five or six thousand more
AmObi6tion, v. t. [Cf. F. ambitionner.] To seek after
ambitiously or eagerly; to covet. [R.] 
Pausanias, ambitioning the sovereignty of Greece, bargains
with Xerxes for his daughter in marriage.
AmObi6tionOist, n. One excessively ambitious. [R.]
AmObi6tionOless, a. Devoid of ambition.
AmObi6tious (?), a. [L. ambitiosus: cf. F. ambitieux. See
Ambition.] 1. Possessing, or controlled by, ambition;
greatly or inordinately desirous of power, honor, office,
superiority, or distinction.
Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,
And Brutus is an honorable man.
2. Strongly desirous; P followed by of or the infinitive;
as, ambitious to be or to do something.
I was not ambitious of seeing this ceremony.
Studious of song, and yet ambitious not to sing in vain.
3. Springing from, characterized by, or indicating,
ambition; showy; aspiring; as, an ambitious style.
A giant statue...
Pushed by a wild and artless race,
From off wide, ambitious base.
AmObi6tiousOly, adv. In an ambitious manner.

<-- p. 47 -->

AmObi6tiousOness (?), n. The quality of being ambitious;
ambition; pretentiousness.
X Am6biOtus (?), n. [L. See Ambit, Ambition.] 1. The
exterior edge or border of a thing, as the border of a leaf,
or the outline of a bivalve shell.
2. (Rom. Antiq.) A canvassing for votes.
Am6ble (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ambled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Ambling (?).] [F. ambler to amble, fr. L. ambulare to walk,
in LL., to amble, perh. fr. ambO, ambiO, and a root meaning
to go: cf. Gr. ? to go, E. base. Cf. Ambulate.] 1. To go at
the easy gait called an ~; P applied to the horse or to its
2. To move somewhat like an ambling horse; to go easily or
without hard shocks.
The skipping king, he ambled up and down.
Sir, your wit ambles well; it goes easily.
Am6ble, n. 1. A peculiar gait of a horse, in which both legs
on the same side are moved at the same time, alternating
with the legs on the other side. =A fine easy amble.8
B. Jonson.
2. A movement like the ~ of a horse.
Am6bler (?), n. A horse or a person that ambles.
Am6blingOly, adv. With an ambling gait.
AmOblot6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? an abortion.] Tending
to cause abortion.
Am6blyOgon (?), n. [Gr. ? obtuse + ? angle: cf. F.
amblygone.] (Geom.) An obtusePangled figure, esp. and
obtusePangled triangle. [Obs.]
AmOblyg6oOnal (?), a. ObtusePangled. [Obs.]
{ X Am7blyOo6piOa (?), Am6blyOo7py (?), } n. [Gr. ?; ?
blunt, dim + ? eye: cf. F. amblyopie.] (Med.) Weakness of
sight, without and opacity of the cornea, or of the interior
of the eye; the first degree of amaurosis.
Am6blyOop6ic (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to amblyopy.
X AmOblyp6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? blunt + ?, ?,
foot.] (Paleon.) A group of large, extinct, herbivorous
mammals, common in the Tertiary formation of the United
X Am6bo (?), n.; pl. Ambos (?). [LL. ambo, Gr. ?, any
rising, a raised stage, pulpit: cf. F. ambon.] A large
pulpit or reading desk, in the early Christian churches.
X Am6bon (?), n. Same as Ambo.
AmOboy6na wood (?). A beautiful mottled and curled wood,
used in cabinetwork. It is obtained from the Pterocarpus
Indicus of Amboyna, Borneo, etc.
Am6breOate (?), n. (Chem.) A salt formed by the combination
of ambreic acid with a base or positive radical.
AmObre6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to ambrein; P
said of a certain acid produced by digesting ambrein in
nitric acid.
Am6breOin (?), n. [Cf. F. ambr.ine. See Amber.] (Chem.) A
fragrant substance which is the chief constituent of
Am6brite (?), n. [From amber.] A fossil resin occurring in
large masses in New Zealand.
Am6brose (?), n. A sweetOscented herb; ambrosia. See
Ambrosia, 3.
AmObro6sia (?; 277), n. [L. ambrosia, Gr. ?, properly fem.
of ?, fr. ? immortal, divine; ? priv. + ? mortal (because it
was supposed to confer immortality on those who partook of
it). ? stands for ?, akin to Skr. mrita, L. mortuus, dead,
and to E. mortal.] 1. (Myth.) (a) The fabled food of the
gods (as nectar was their drink), which conferred
immortality upon those who partook of it. (b) An unguent of
the gods,.
His dewy locks distilled ambrosia.
2. A perfumed unguent, salve, or draught; something very
pleasing to the taste or smell.
3.Formerly, a kind of fragrant plant; now (Bot.), a genus
of plants, including some coarse and worthless weeds, called
ragweed, hogweed, etc.
Am6bro6siOac (?), a. [L. ambrosiacus: cf. F. ambrosiaque.]
Having the qualities of ambrosia; delicious. [R.]=Ambrosiac
B. Jonson.
AmObro6sial (?), a. [L. ambrosius, Gr. ?.] 1. Consisting of,
or partaking of the nature of, ambrosia; delighting the
taste or smell; delicious. =Ambrosial food.8 =Ambrosial
2. Divinely excellent or beautiful. =Shakes his ambrosial
AmObro6sialOly, adv. After the manner of ambrosia;
delightfully. =Smelt ambrosially.8
AmObro6sian (?), a. Ambrosial. [R.]
. Jonson.
AmObro6sian, a. Of or pertaining to St. Ambrose; as, the
Ambrosian office, or ritual, a formula of worship in the
church of Milan, instituted by St. Ambrose.
w chant, the mode of signing or chanting introduced by St.
Ambrose in the 4th century.
Am6broOsin (?), n. [LL. Ambrosinus nummus.] An early coin
struck by the dukes of Milan, and bearing the figure of St.
Ambrose on horseback.
Am6broOtype (?), n. [Gr. ? immortal + Otype.] (Photog.) A
picture taken on a place of prepared glass, in which the
lights are represented in silver, and the shades are
produced by a dark background visible through the unsilvered
portions of the glass.
Am6bry (?), n.; pl. Ambries (?). [OE. aumbry, almery, OF.
almarie, armarie, aumaire, F. armoire, LL. armarium chest,
cupboard, orig. a repository for arms, fr. L. arama arms.
The word has been confused with almonry. See Armory.] 1. In
churches, a kind of closet, niche, cupboard, or locker for
utensils, vestments, etc.
2. A store closet, as a pantry, cupboard, etc.
3. Almonry. [Improperly so used]
Ambs6Pace (?), n. [OF. ambesas; ambes both (fr. L. ambo) +
as ace. See Ace.] Double aces, the lowest throw of all at
dice. Hence: Bad luck; anything of no account or value.
Am7buOla6cral (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to ambulacra;
avenuelike; as, the ambulacral ossicles, plates, spines, and
suckers of echinoderms.
Am7buOla6criOform (?), a. [Ambulacrum + Oform.]
(Zo.l.)Having the form of ambulacra.
X Am7buOla6crum (?), n. pl; pl. Ambulacra (?). [L., an alley
or covered way.] (Zo.l.) (a) One of the radical zones of
echinoderms, along which run the principal nerves, blood
vessels, and water tubes. These zones usually bear rows of
locomotive suckers or tentacles, which protrude from regular
pores. In star fishes they occupy the grooves along the
under side of the rays. (b) One of the suckers on the feet
of mites. 
Am6buOlance (?), n. [F. ambulance, h.pital ambulant, fr. L.
ambulare to walk. See Amble.] (Mil.) (a) A field hospital,
so organized as to follow an army in its movements, and
intended to succor the wounded as soon as possible. Often
used adjectively; as, an ambulance wagon; ambulance
stretcher; ambulance corps. (b) An ~ wagon or cart for
conveying the wounded from the field, or to a hospital.
Am6buOlant (?), a. [L. ambulans, p. pr. of ambulare to walk:
cf. F. ambulant.] Walking; moving from place to place.
Am6buOlate (?), v. i. [L. ambulare to walk. See Amble.] To
walk; to move about. [R.]
Am7buOla6tion (?), n. [L. ambulatio.] The act of walking.
Sir T. Browne.
Am6buOlaOtive (?), a. Walking. [R.] 
Am6buOla7tor (?), n. 1. One who walks about; a walker.
2. (Zo.l.) (a) A beetle of the genus Lamia. (b) A genus of
birds, or one of this genus.
3. An instrument for measuring distances; P called also
Am7buOlaOto6riOal (?), a. Ambulatory; fitted for walking.
Am6buOlaOtoOry (?), a. [L. ambulatorius.] 1. Of or
pertaining to walking; having the faculty of walking; formed
or fitted for walking; as, an ambulatory animal.
2. Accustomed to move from place to place; not stationary;
movable; as, an ambulatory court, which exercises its
jurisdiction in different places.
The priesthood... before was very ambulatory, and dispersed
into all families.
Jer. Taylor.
3. Pertaining to a walk. [R.]
The princess of whom his majesty had an ambulatory view in
his travels.
Sir H. Wotton.
4. (Law) Not yet fixed legally, or settled past alteration;
alterable; as, the dispositions of a will are ambulatory
until the death of the testator.
Am6buOlaOtoOry, n.; pl. Ambulatories (?). [Cf. LL.
ambulatorium.] (Arch.) A place to walk in, whether in the
open air, as the gallery of a cloister, or within a
Am6burOry (?), n. Same as Anbury.
Am7busOcade6 (?), n. [F. embuscade, fr. It. imboscata, or
Sp. emboscada, fr. emboscar to ambush, fr. LL. imboscare.
See Ambush, v. t.] 1. A lying in a wood, concealed, for the
purpose of attacking an enemy by surprise. Hence: A lying in
wait, and concealed in any situation, for a like purpose; a
snare laid for an enemy; an ambush.
2. A place in which troops lie hid, to attack an enemy
unexpectedly. [R.]
3. (Mil.) The body of troops lying in ambush.
Am7busOcade6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ambuscaded (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Ambuscading (?).] 1. To post or conceal in ambush; to
2. To lie in wait for, or to attack from a covert or lurking
place; to waylay.
Am7busOcade6, v. i. To lie in ambush.
Am7busOca6do (?), n. Ambuscade. [Obs.]
Am7busOca6doed (?), p. p. Posted in ambush; ambuscaded.
Am6bush (?), n. [F. emb.che, fr. the verb. See Ambush, v.
t.] 1. A disposition or arrangement of troops for attacking
an enemy unexpectedly from a concealed station. Hence:
Unseen peril; a device to entrap; a snare.
Heaven, whose high walls fear no assault or siege
Or ambush from the deep.
2. A concealed station, where troops or enemies lie in wait
to attack by surprise.
Bold in close ambush, base in open field.
3. The troops posted in a concealed place, for attacking by
surprise; liers in wait. [Obs.]
The ambush arose quickly out of their place.
Josh. viii. 19.
To lay an ~, to post a force in ~.
Am6bush (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ambushed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Ambushing.] [OE. enbussen, enbushen, OF. embushier,
embuissier, F. emb.cher, embusquer, fr. LL. imboscare; in +
LL. boscus, buscus, a wood; akin to G. bush, E. bush. See
Ambuscade, Bu?h.] 1. To station in ~ with a view to surprise
an enemy.
By ambushed men behind their temple ?ai?,
We have the king of Mexico betrayed.
2. To attack by ~; to waylay.
Am6bush, v. i. To lie in wait, for the purpose of attacking
by surprise; to lurk.
Nor saw the snake that ambushed for his prey.
Am6bushOer (?), n. One lying in ~.
Am6bushOment (?), n. [OF. embuschement. See Ambush, v. t.]
An ~. [Obs.] 
2 Chron. xiii. 13.
AmObus6tion (?; 106), n. [L. ambustio.] (Med.) A burn or
Am7eObe6an (?), a. (Zo.l.) See Am?bean.
AOmeer6, AOmir6 (?), n. [See Emir.] 1. Emir. [Obs.]
2. One of the Mohammedan nobility of Afghanistan and Scinde.
Am6el (?), n. [OE. amell, OF. esmail, F. .mail, of German
origin; cf. OHG. smelzi, G. schmelz. See Smelt, v. t.]
Enamel. [Obs.]
Am6el, v. t. [OE. amellen, OF. esmailler, F. .mailler, OF.
esmail, F. .mail.] To enamel. [Obs.]
Enlightened all with stars,
And richly ameled.
Am6elOcorn7 (?), n. [Ger. amelkorn: cf. MHG. amel, amer,
spelt, and L. amylum starch, Gr. ?.] A variety of wheat from
which starch is produced; P called also French rice.
AOmel6ioOraOble (?), a. Capable of being ameliorated.
AOmel6ioOrate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ameliorated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Ameliorating.] [L. ad + meliorare to make
better: cf. F. am.liorer. See Meliorate.] To make better; to
improve; to meliorate.
In every human being there is a wish to ameliorate his own
AOmel6ioOrate, v. i. To grow better; to ~; as, wine
ameliorates by age.
AOmel7ioOra6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. am.lioration.] The act of
ameliorating, or the state of being ameliorated; making or
becoming better; improvement; melioration. =Amelioration of
human affairs.8
J. S. Mill.
AOmel6ioOraOtive (?), a. Tending to ameliorate; producing
amelioration or improvement; as, ameliorative remedies,
AOmel6ioOra7tor (?), n. One who ameliorates.
A7men6 (?; 277), interj., adv., & n. [L. amen, Gr. ?, Heb.
>m?n certainly, truly.] An expression used at the end of
prayers, and meaning, So be it. At the end of a creed, it is
a solemn asseveration of belief. When it introduces a
declaration, it is equivalent to truly, verily. It is used
as a noun, to demote: (a) concurrence in belief, or in a
statement; assent; (b) the final word or act; (c) Christ as
being one who is true and faithful.
And let all the people say, Amen.
Ps. cvi. 48.
Amen, amen, I say to thee, except a man be born again, he
can not see the kingdom of Gods.
John ii. 3. Rhemish Trans.
To say w to, to approve warmly; to concur in heartily or
emphatically; to ratify; as, I say Amen to all.
A7men6, v. t. To say w to; to sanction fully.
AOmen7naObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being amenable;
AOme6naOble (?), a. [F. amener to lead; ? (L. ad) = mener to
lead, fr. L. minare to drive animals (properly by
threatening cries), in LL. to lead; L. minari, to threaten,
minae threats. See Menace.] 1. (Old Law) Easy to be led;
governable, as a woman by her husband. [Obs.]
2. Liable to be brought to account or punishment;
answerable; responsible; accountable; as, amenable to law.
Nor is man too diminutive... to be amenable to the divine
I. Taylor.
3. Liable to punishment, a charge, a claim, etc.
4. Willing to yield or submit; responsive; tractable.
Sterling... always was amenable enough to counsel.
AOme6naObleOness, n. The quality or state of being amenable;
liability to answer charges; answerableness.
AOme6naObly, adv. In an amenable manner.
Am6eeOnage (?), v. t. [OF. amesnagier. See Manage.] To
manage. [Obs.]
Am6eOnance (?), n. [OF. See Amenable.] Behavior; bearing.
AOmend6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amended; p. pr. & vb. n.
Amending.] [F. amender, L. emendare; e(ex) + mendum, menda,
fault, akin to Skr. minda personal defect. Cf. Emend, Mend.]
To change or modify in any way for the better; as, (a) by
simply removing what is erroneous, corrupt, superfluous,
faulty, and the like; (b) by supplying deficiencies; (c) by
substituting something else in the place of what is removed;
to rectify.
Mar not the thing that can not be amended.
An instant emergency, granting no possibility for revision,
or opening for amended thought.
De Quincey.
We shall cheer her sorrows, and amend her blood, by wedding
her to a Norman.
Sir W. Scott.
To amend a bill, to make some change in the details or
provisions of a bill or measure while on its passage,
professedly for its improvement.
Syn. - To Amend, Emend, Correct, Reform, Rectify. These
words agree in the idea of bringing things into a more
perfect state. We correct (literally, make

<-- p. 48 -->

straight) when we conform things to some standard or rule;
as, to correct proof sheets. We amend by removing blemishes,
faults, or errors, and thus rendering a thing more a nearly
perfect; as, to amend our ways, to amend a text, the draft
of a bill, etc. Emend is only another form of amend, and is
applied chiefly to editions of books, etc. To reform is
literally to form over again, or put into a new and better
form; as, to reform one's life. To rectify is to make right;
as, to rectify a mistake, to rectify abuses,
inadvertencies, etc.
AOmend6 (?), v. i. To grow better by rectifying something
wrong in manners or morals; to improve. =My fortune...
Sir P. Sidney.
AOmend6aOble (?), a. Capable of being amended; as, an
amendable writ or error. P AOmend6aObleOness, n.
AOmend6aOtoOry (?), a. Supplying amendment; corrective;
X A7mende6 (?), n. [F. See Amend.] A pecuniary punishment or
fine; a reparation or recantation.
w honorable (?). (Old French Law) A species of infamous
punishment in which the offender, being led into court with
a rope about his neck, and a lighted torch in his hand,
begged pardon of his God, the court, etc. In popular
language, the phrase now denotes a public apology or
recantation, and reparation to an injured party, for
improper language or treatment.
AOmend6er (?), n. One who amends.
AOmend6ful (?), a. Much improving. [Obs.]
AOmend6ment (?), n. [F. amendement, LL. amendamentum.] 1. An
alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault
or of faults; reformation of life by quitting vices.
2. In public bodies; Any alternation made or proposed to be
made in a bill or motion by adding, changing, substituting,
or omitting. 
3. (Law) Correction of an error in a writ or process.
Syn. - Improvement; reformation; emendation.
AOmends6 (?), n. sing. & pl. [F. amendes, pl. of amende. Cf.
Amende.] Compensation for a loss or injury; recompense;
reparation. [Now const. with sing. verb.] =An honorable
Yet thus far fortune maketh us amends.
AOmen6iOty (?), n. pl. Amenities (?). [F. am.nit., L.
amoenitas, fr. amoenus pleasant.] The quality of being
pleasant or agreeable, whether in respect to situation,
climate, manners, or disposition; pleasantness; civility;
suavity; gentleness.
A sweetness and amenity of temper.
This climate has not seduced by its amenities.
W. Howitt.
X AOmen7orOrh?6a (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? month + ? to flow:
cf. F. am.norrh.e.] (Med.) Retention or suppression of the
menstrual discharge.
AOmen7orOrh?6al (?), a. Pertaining to amenorrh?a.
X A men6sa et tho6ro (?). [L., from board and bed.] (Law) A
kind of divorce which does not dissolve the marriage bong,
but merely authorizes a separate life of the husband and
Am6ent (?), n. [L. amentum thong or strap.] (Bot.) A species
of inflorescence; a catkin.
The globular ament of a buttonwood.
Am7enOta6ceous (?), a. [LL. amentaceus.] (Bot.) (a)
Resembling, or consisting of, an ament or aments; as, the
chestnut has an amentaceous inflorescence. (b) Bearing
aments; having flowers arranged in aments; as, amentaceous
X AOmen6tiOa (?), n. [L.] (Med.) Imbecility; total want of
Am7enOtif6erOous (?), a. [L. amentum + Oferous.] (Bot.)
Bearing catkins.
AOmen6tiOform (?), a. [L. amentum + Oform.] (Bot.) Shaped
like a catkin.
X AOmen6tum (?), n.; pl. Amenta (?). Same as Ament.
Am6eOnuse (?), v. t. [OF. amenuisier. See Minute.] To
lessen. [Obs.]
AOmerce6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amerced (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Amercing.] [OF. amercier, fr. a merci at the mercy of,
liable to a punishment. See Mercy.] 1. To punish by a
pecuniary penalty, the amount of which is not fixed by law,
but left to the discretion of the court; as, the amerced the
criminal in the sum on the hundred dollars.
5 The penalty of fine may be expressed without a
preposition, or it may be introduced by in, with, or of.
2. To punish, in general; to mulct.
Millions of spirits for his fault amerced
Of Heaven.

Shall by him be amerced with penance due.
AOmerce6aOble (?), a. Liable to be amerced.
AOmerce6ment (?), n. [OF. amerciment.] The infliction of a
penalty at the discretion of the court; also, a mulct or
penalty thus imposed. It differs from a fine,in that the
latter is, or was originally, a fixed and certain sum
prescribed by statue for an offense; but an amercement is
arbitrary. Hence, the act or practice of affeering. [See
5 This word, in old books, is written amerciament.
w royal, a penalty imposed on an officer for a misdemeanor
in his office.
AOmer6cer (?), n. One who amerces.
AOmer6ciaOment (?), n. [LL. amerciamentum.] Same as
Mozley & W.
AOmer6iOcan (?), a. [Named from Ameri?us Vespucius.] 1. Of
or pertaining to America; as, the American continent:
American Indians.
2. Of or pertaining to the United States. =A young officer
of the American navy.8
w ivy. See Virginia creeper. P w Party (U. S. Politics), a
party, about 1854, which opposed the influence of
foreignPborn citizens, and those supposed to owe allegiance
to a foreign power. P Native ~ Party (U. S. Politics), a
party of principles similar to those of the w party. It
arose about 1843, but soon died out.
AOmer6iOcan (?), n. A native of America; P originally
applied to the aboriginal inhabitants, but now applied to
the descendants of Europeans born in America, and especially
to the citizens of the United States.
The name American must always exalt the pride of patriotism.
AOmer6iOcanOism (?), n. 1. Attachment to the United States.
2. A custom peculiar to the United States or to America; an
American characteristic or idea.
3. A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.
AOmer7iOcanOiOza6tion (?), n. The process of Americanizing.
AOmer6iOcanOize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Americanizer (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Americanizing.] To render American; to
assimilate to the Americans in customs, ideas, etc.; to
stamp with American characteristics.
Ames6Pace (?), n. Same as AmbsPace.
Am6ess (?), n. (Eccl.) Amice, a hood or cape. See 2d Amice.
X Am7eOtab6oOla (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) A group of insects
which do not undergo any metamorphosis. [Written also
AOmet7aObo6liOan (?), a. [Gr. ? unchangeable; ? priv. + ?
changeable, ? to change.] (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to
insects that do undergo any metamorphosis.
{ AOme7aObol6ic (?), Am7eOtab6oOlous, } a. (Zo.l.) Not
undergoing any metamorphosis; as, ametabolic insects.
AOmeth6oOdist (?), n. [Pref. aO not + methodist.] One
without method; a quack. [Obs.]
Am6eOthyst (?), [F. ametiste, amatiste, F. am.thyste, L.
amethystus, fr. Gr. ? without drunkenness; as a noun, a
remedy for drunkenness, the amethyst, supposed to have this
power; ? priv. + ? to be drunken, ? strong drink, wine. See
1. (Min.) A variety of crystallized quartz, of a purple or
bluish violet color, of different shades. It is much used as
a jeweler's stone.
Oriental ~, the violetPblue variety of transparent
crystallized corundum or sapphire.
2. (Her.) A purple color in a nobleman's escutcheon, or coat
of arms.
Am7eOthys6tine (?), a. [L. amethystinus, Gr. ?.] 1.
Resembling amethyst, especially in color; bluish violet.
2. Composed of, or containing, amethyst.
X Am7eOtro6piOa (?), n. [Gr. ? irregular + ?, ?, eye.]
(Med.) Any abnormal condition of the refracting powers of
the eye. P Am7eOtrop6ic (?), a.
AmOhar6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to Amhara, a division of
Abyssinia; as, the Amharic language is closely allied to the
Ethiopic. P n. The Amharic language (now the chief language
of Abyssinia).
X Am6iOa (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? a kind of tunny.] (Zo.l.) A
genus of freshPwater ganoid fishes, exclusively confined to
North America; called bowfin in Lake Champlain, dogfish in
Lake Erie, and mudfish in South Carolina, etc. See Bowfin.
A7miOaObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being amiable;
amiableness; sweetness of disposition.
Every excellency is a degree of amiability.
Jer. Taylor.
A6miOaOble (?), a. [F. amiable, L. amicabilis friendly, fr.
amicus friend, fr. amare to love. The meaning has been
influenced by F. aimable, L. amabilis lovable, fr. amare to
love. Cf. Amicable, Amorous, Amability.] 1. Lovable; lovely;
pleasing. [Obs. or R.]
So amiable a prospect.
Sir T. Herbert.
2. Friendly; kindly; sweet; gracious; as, an amiable temper
or mood; amiable ideas.
3. Possessing sweetness of disposition; having sweetness of
temper, kindPheartedness, etc., which causes one to be
liked; as, an amiable woman.
4. Done out of love. [Obs.]
Lay an amiable siege to the honesty of this Ford's wife.
A7miOaObleOness, n. The quality of being amiable;
A6miOaObly, adv. In an amiable manner.
Am6iOanth (?), n. See Amianthus. [Poetic]
Am7iOan6thiOform (?), a. [Amianthus + Oform.] Resembling
amianthus in form.
Am7iOan6thoid (?), a. [Amianthus + Ooid: cf. F.]
Resembling amianthus.
Am7iOan6thus (?), n. [L. amiantus, Gr. ? ? (lit., unsoiled
stone) a greenish stone, like asbestus; ? priv. + ? to
stain, to defile; so called from its incombustibility.]
(Min.) Earth flax, or mountain flax; a soft silky variety of
Am6ic (?), a. [L. ammonia + Oic.] (Chem.) Related to, or
derived, ammonia; P used chiefly as a suffix; as, amic acid;
phosphamic acid.
w acid (Chem.), one of a class of nitrogenized acids
somewhat resembling amides.
Am7iOcaObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being amicable;
friendliness; amicableness.
Am6iOcaOble (?), a. [L. amicabilis, fr. amicus friend, fr.
amare to love. See Amiable.] Friendly; proceeding from, or
exhibiting, friendliness; after the manner of friends;
peaceable; as, an amicable disposition, or arrangement. 
That which was most remarkable in this contest was... the
amicable manner in which it was managed.
w action (Law.), an action commenced and prosecuted by ~
consent of the parties, for the purpose of obtaining a
decision of the court on some matter of law involved in it.
Bouvier. Burrill. P w numbers (Math.), two numbers, each of
which is equal to the sum of all the aliquot parts of the
Syn. - Friendly; peaceable; kind; harmonious. P Amicable,
Friendly. Neither of these words denotes any great warmth of
affection, since friendly has by no means the same strength
as its noun friendship. It does, however, imply something of
real cordiality; while amicable supposes very little more
than that the parties referred to are not disposed to
quarrel. Hence, we speak of amicable relations between two
countries, an amicable adjustment of difficulties. =Those
who entertain friendly feelings toward each other can live
amicably together.8 
Am6iOcaObleOness (?), n. The quality of being amicable;
Am6iOcaObly, adv. In an amicable manner.
Am6ice (?), n. [OE. amyse, prob. for amyt, OF. amit, ameit,
fr. L. amictus cloak, the word being confused with amice,
almuce, a hood or cape. See next word.] A square of white
linen worn at first on the head, but now about the neck and
shoulders, by priests of the Roman Catholic Church while
saying Mass.
5 Examples of the use of the words amice, a square of linen,
and amice, amess, or amyss, a hood or cape, show confusion
between them from an early date.
Am6ice, n. [OE. amuce, amisse, OF. almuce, aumuce, F.
aumusse, LL. almucium, almucia, aumucia: of unknown origin;
cf. G. m.tze cap, prob. of the same origin. Cf. Mozetta.]
(Eccl.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of lined with gray
fur, formerly worn by the clergy; P written also amess,
amyss, and almuce.
AOmid6 (?), prep. See Amidst.
Am6ide (?; 277), n. [Ammonia + Oide.] (Chem.) A compound
formed by the union of amidogen with an acid element or
radical. It may also be regarded as ammonia in which one or
more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by an acid atom or
Acid ~, a neutral compound formed by the substitution of the
amido group for hydroxyl in an acid.
Am6iOdin (?), n. [Cf. F. amidine, fr. amido? starch, fr. L.
amylum, Gr. ? fine meal, neut. of ? not ground at the mill,
P hence, of the finest meal; ? priv. + ?, ?, mill. See
Meal.] (Chem.) Start modified by heat so as to become a
transparent mass, like horn. It is soluble in cold water.
AOmi6do (?), a. [From Amide.] (Chem.) Containing, or derived
from, amidogen.
w acid, an acid in which a portion of the nonacid hydrogen
has been replaced by the ~ group. The ~ acids are both basic
and acid. P w group, amidogen, NH2.
AOmid6oOgen (?), n. [Amide + Ogen.] (Chem.) A compound
radical, NH2, not yet obtained in a separate state, which
may be regarded as ammonia from the molecule of which one of
its hydrogen atoms has been removed; P called also the amido
group, and in composition represented by the form amido.
AOmid6ships (?), adv. (Naut.) In the middle of a ship, with
regard to her length, and sometimes also her breadth.
{ AOmidst6 (?) , AOmid6 (?), } prep. [OE. amidde, amiddes,
on midden, AS. on middan, in the middle, fr. midde the
middle. The s is an adverbial ending, originally marking the
genitive; the t is a later addition, as in whilst, amongst,
alongst. See Mid.] In the midst or middle of; surrounded or
encompassed by; among. =This fair tree amidst the garden.8
=Unseen amid the throng.8 =Amidst thick clouds.8 Milton.
=Amidst acclamations.8 =Amidst the splendor and festivity of
a court.8 Macaulay.
But rather famish them amid their plenty.
Syn. P Amidst, Among. These words differ to some extent from
each other, as will be seen from their etymology. Amidst
denotes in the midst or middle of, and hence surrounded by;
as, this work was written amidst many interruptions. Among
denotes a mingling or intermixing with distinct or separable
objects; as, =He fell among thieves.8 =Blessed art thou
among women.8 Hence, we say, among the moderns, among the
ancients, among the thickest of trees, among these
considerations, among the reasons I have to offer. Amid and
amidst are commonly used when the idea of separate or
distinguishable objects is not prominent. Hence, we say,
they kept on amidst the storm, amidst the gloom, he was
sinking amidst the waves, he persevered amidst many
difficulties; in none of which cases could among be used. In
like manner, Milton speaks of Abdiel, P
The seraph Abdiel, faithful found;
Among the faithless faithful only he,
because he was then considered as one of the angels. But
when the poet adds, P
From amidst them forth he passed,
we have rather the idea of the angels as a collective body.
Those squalid cabins and uncleared woods amidst which he was
Am6ine (?; 277), n. [Ammonia + Oine.] (Chem.) One of a class
of strongly basic substances derived from ammonia by
replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by a basic atom or
Am6iOoid (?), a. (Zo.l.) Like or pertaining to the Amioidei.
P n. One of the Amioidei.
X Am7iOoi6deOi (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Amia + Ooid.] (Zo.l.)
An order of ganoid fishes of which Amis is type. See Bowfin
and Ganoidei.
X AOmir6 (?), n. Same as Ameer.
AOmiss6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + miss.] Astray; faultily;
improperly; wrongly; ill. 
What error drives our eyes and ears amiss?
Ye ask and receive not, because ye ask amiss.
James iv. 3.
To take (an act, thing) amiss, to impute a wrong motive to
(an act or thing); to take offense at' to take unkindly; as,
you must not take these questions amiss.

<-- p. 49 -->

AOmiss6 (?), a. Wrong; faulty; out of order; improper; as,
it may not be amiss to ask advice. [Used only in the
His wisdom and virtue can not always rectify that which is
amiss in himself or his circumstances.
AOmiss6, n. A fault, wrong, or mistake. [Obs.]
Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss.
AOmis7siObil6iOty (?), [Cf. F. amissibilit.. See Amit.] The
quality of being amissible; possibility of being lost. [R.]
Notions of popular rights and the amissibility of sovereign
power for misconduct were alternately broached by the two
great religious parties of Europe.
AOmis6siOble (?), a. [L. amissibilis: cf. F. amissible.]
Liable to be lost. [R.]
AOmis6sion (?), n. [L. amissio: cf. F. amission.]
Deprivation; loss. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AOmit6 (?), v. t. [L. amittere, amissum, to lose; a (ab) +
mittere to send. See Missile.] To lose. [Obs.]
A lodestone fired doth presently amit its proper virtue.
Sir T. Browne.
Am6iOty (?), n.; pl. Amities (?). [F. amiti., OF. amisti.,
amist., fr. an assumed LL. amisitas, fr. L. amicus friendly,
from amare to love. See Amiable.] Friendship, in a general
sense, between individuals, societies, or nations; friendly
relations; good understanding; as, a treaty of amity and
commerce; the amity of the Whigs and Tories.
To live on terms of amity with vice.
Syn. - Harmony; friendliness; friendship; affection; good
will; peace.
X Am6ma (?), n. [LL. amma, prob. of interjectional or
imitative origin: cf. Sp. ama, G. amme, nurse, Basque ama
mother, Heb. ?m, Ar. immun, ummun.] An abbes or spiritual
Am6meOter (?), n. (Physics) A contraction of amperometer or
Am6miOral (?), n. An obsolete form of admiral. =The mast of
some great ammiral.8
Am6mite (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, sandstone, fr. ? or ? sand.]
(Geol.) O.lite or roestone; P written also hammite. [Obs.]
Am6moOdyte (?), n. [L. ammodytes, Gr. ? sand burrower, a
kind of serpent; ? sand + ? diver, ? to dive.] (Zo.l.) (a)
One of a genus of fishes; the sand eel. (b) A kind of viper
in southern Europe. [Obs.]
AmOmo6niOa (?), n. [From sal ammoniac, which was first
obtaining near the temple of Jupiter Ammon, by burning
camel's dung. See Ammoniac.] (Chem.) A gaseous compound of
hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, with a pungent smell and taste:
P often called volatile alkali, and spirits of hartshorn.
{ AmOmo6niOac (?), Am7moOni6aOcal (?), } a. Of or pertaining
to ammonia, or possessing its properties; as, an ammoniac
salt; ammoniacal gas.
Ammoniacal engine, an engine in which the vapor of ammonia
is used as the motive force. P Sal ammoniac [L. sal
ammoniacus], the salt usually called chloride of ammonium,
and formerly muriate of ammonia.
AmOmo6niOac (or Gum7 amOmo6niOac), n. [L. Ammoniacum, Gr. ?
a resinous gum, said to distill from a tree near the temple
of Jupiter Ammon; cf. F. ammoniac. See Ammonite.] (Med.) The
concrete juice (gum resin) of an umbelliferous plant, the
Dorema ammoniacum. It is brought chiefly from Persia in the
form of yellowish tears, which occur singly, or are
aggregated into masses. It has a peculiar smell, and a
nauseous, sweet taste, followed by a bitter one. It is
inflammable, partially soluble in water and in spirit of
wine, and is used in medicine as an expectorant and
resolvent, and for the formation of certain plasters.
AmOmo6niOa7ted (?), a. (Chem.) Combined or impregnated with
AmOmo6nic (?), a. Of or pertaining to ammonia.
Am6monOite (?), n. [L. cornu Ammonis born of Ammon; L.
Ammon, Gr. ? an appellation of Jupiter, as represented with
the horns of a ram. It was originally the name of an.
Egyptian god, Amun.] (Paleon.) A fossil cephalopod shell
related to the nautilus. There are many genera and species,
and all are extinct, the typical forms having existed only
in the Mesozoic age, when they were exceedingly numerous.
They differ from the nautili in having the margins of the
septa very much lobed or plaited, and the siphuncle dorsal.
Also called serpent stone, snake stone, and cornu Ammonis. 
Am7monOiOtif6erOous (?), a. [Ammonite + Oferous.] Containing
fossil ammonites.
X AmOmon7iOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Ammonite + Ooid.]
(Zo.l.) An extensive group of fossil cephalopods often very
abundant in Mesozoic rocks. See Ammonite.
AmOmo6niOum (?), n. [See Ammonia.] (Chem.) A compound
radical, NH4, having the chemical relations of a strongly
basic element like the alkali metals.
Am7muOni6tion (?), n. [F. amunition, for munition, prob.
caused by taking la munition as l'amunition. See Munition.]
1. Military stores, or provisions of all kinds for attack or
defense. [Obs.]
2. Articles used in charging firearms and ordnance of all
kinds; as powder, balls, shot, shells, percussion caps,
rockets, etc.
3. Any stock of missiles, literal or figurative.
w bread, shoes, etc., such as are contracted for by
government, and supplied to the soldiers. [Eng.]
Am7muOni6tion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ammunitioned (?); p
pr. & vb. n. Ammunitioning.] To provide with ammunition.
X AmOne6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? to
remember.] (Med.) Forgetfulness; also, a defect of speech,
from cerebral disease, in which the patient substitutes
wrong words or names in the place of those he wishes to
AmOne6sic (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to amnesia.
=Amnesic or co.rdinate defects.8
AmOnes6tic (?), a. Causing loss of memory.
Am6nesOty (?), n. [L. amnestia, Gr. ?, a forgetting, fr. ?
forgotten, forgetful; ? priv. + ? to remember: cf. F.
amnistie, earlier amnestie. See Mean, v.] 1. Forgetfulness;
cessation of remembrance of wrong; oblivion.
2. An act of the sovereign power granting oblivion, or a
general pardon, for a past offense, as to subjects concerned
in an insurrection.
Am6nesOty, v. t. [imp. p. p. Amnestied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Amnestying.] To grant ~ to.
AmOnic6oOlist (?), n. [L. amnicola, amnis a river + colere
to dwell.] One who lives near a river. [Obs.]
AmOnig6eOnous (?), a. [L. amnigena; amnis a river + root gen
of gignere to beget.] Born or bred in, of, or near a river.
Am6niOon (?), n. [Gr. ? the membrane round the fetus, dim.
of ? lamb.] (Anat.) A thin membrane surrounding the embryos
of mammals, birds, and reptiles.
Am6niOos (?), n. Same as Amnion.
X Am7niOo6ta (?), n. pl. [NL. See Amnion.] (Zo.l.) That
group of vertebrates which develops in its embryonic life
the envelope called the amnion. It comprises the reptiles,
the birds, and the mammals.
Am7niOot6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. amniotique.] (Anat.) Of or
pertaining to the amnion; characterized by an amnion; as,
the amniotic fluid; the amniotic sac.
w acid. (Chem.) [R.] See Allantoin. 
AOm?6ba (?), n; pl. L. Am?b. (?); E. Am?bas (?). [NL., fr.
Gr. ? change.] (Zo.l.) A rhizopod. common in fresh water,
capable of undergoing many changes of form at will. See
X Am7?Ob.6um (?), n. [L. amoebaeus, Gr. ?, alternate; L.
amoebaeum carmen, Gr. ? ?, a responsive song, fr. ? change.]
A poem in which persons are represented at speaking
alternately; as the third and seventh eclogues of Virgil.
X Am7?Obe6a (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) That division of the
Rhizopoda which includes the am?ba and similar forms.
Am7?Obe6an (?), a. Alternately answering.
AOm?6biOan (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of the Am?bea.
{ AOm?6biOform (?), AOm?6boid (?), } a. [Am?ba + Oform or
Ooid.] (Biol.) Resembling an am?ba; am?baPshaped; changing
in shape like an am?ba.
w movement, movement produced, as in the am?ba, by
successive processes of prolongation and retraction.
AOm?6bous (?), a. Like an am?ba in structure.
Am7oOli6tion (?), n. [L. amolitio, fr. amoliri to remove; a
(ab) + moliri to put in motion.] Removal; a putting away.
Bp. Ward (1673).
X AOmo6mum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? an Indian spice plant.]
(Bot.) A genus of aromatic plants. It includes species which
bear cardamoms, and grains of paradise.
AOmon6este (?), v. t. To admonish. [Obs.]
{ AOmong6 (?), AOmongst6 (?), } prep. [OE. amongist,
amonges, amonge, among, AS. onmang, ongemang, gemang, in a
crowd or mixture. For the ending Ost see Amidst. See
Mingle.] 1. Mixed or mingled; surrounded by.
They heard,
And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickest trees.

2. Conjoined, or associated with, or making part of the
number of; in the number or class of.
Blessed art thou among women.
Luke i. 28.
3. Expressing a relation of dispersion, distribution, etc.;
also, a relation of reciprocal action.
What news among the merchants?
Human sacrifices were practiced among them.
Divide that gold amongst you.
Whether they quarreled among themselves, or with their
Syn. - Amidst; between. See Amidst, Between.
X AOmon7tilOla6do (?), n. [Sp.] A dry kind of cherry, of a
light color.
Am6oOret (?), n. [OF. amorette, F. amourette, dim. of
amour.] 1. An amorous girl or woman; a wanton. [Obs.]
J. Warton.
2. A love knot, love token, or love song. (pl.) Love glances
or love tricks. [Obs.] 
3. A petty love affair or amour. [Obs.]
Am6oOrette6 (?), n. An amoret. [Obs.]
Rom. of R.
Am6oOrist (?), n. [L. armor love. See Amorous.] A lover; a
gallant. [R.]
It was the custom for an amorist to impress the name of his
mistress in the dust, or upon the damp earth, with letters
fixed upon his shoe.
APmorn6ings (?), adv. [See Amorwe. The Os is a genitival
ending. See Owards.] In the morning; every morning. [Obs.]
And have such pleasant walks into the woods
J. Fletcher.
X Am7oOro6sa (?), n. [It. amoroso, fem. amorosa.] A wanton
woman; a courtesan.
Sir T. Herbert.
Am7oOros6iOty (?), n. The quality of being amorous;
lovingness. [R.]
X Am7oOro6so (?), n. [It. amoroso, LL. amorosus.] A lover; a
man enamored.
X Am7oOro6so, adv. [It.] (Mus.) In a soft, tender, amatory
Am6oOrous (?), a. [OF. amoros, F. amoreux, LL. amorosus, fr.
L. amor love, fr. amare to love.] 1. Inclined to love;
having a propensity to love, or to sexual enjoyment; loving;
fond; affectionate; as, an amorous disposition.
2. Affected with love; in love; enamored; P usually with of;
formerly with on.
Thy roses amorous of the moon.
High nature amorous of the good.
Sure my brother is amorous on Hero.
3. Of or relating to, or produced by, love. =Amorous
delight.8 Milton. =Amorous airs.8 Waller.
Syn. - Loving; fond; tender; passionate; affectionate;
devoted; ardent.
Am6oOrousOly, adv. In an amorous manner; fondly.
Am6oOrousOness, n. The quality of being amorous, or inclined
to sexual love; lovingness.
AOmor6pha (?), n.; pl. Amorphas (?). [Gr. ? shapeless.]
(Bot.) A genus of leguminous shrubs, having long clusters of
purple flowers; false or bastard indigo.
AOmor6phism (?), n. [See Amorphous.] A state of being
amorphous; esp. a state of being without crystallization
even in the minutest particles, as in glass, opal, etc.
There are stony substances which, when fused, may cool as
glass or as stone; the glass state is (Chem.) spoken of as a
state of amorphism.
AOmor6phous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? form.] 1. Having no
determinate form; of irregular; shapeless.
2. Without crystallization in the ultimate texture of a
solid substance; uncrystallized.
3. Of no particular kind or character; anomalous.
Scientific treatises... are not seldom rude and amorphous in
P AOmor6phousOly, adv. P AOmor6phousOness, n.
X AOmor7phoOzo6a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? shapeless; ?
priv. + ? form + ? animal.] (Zo.l.) Animals without a mouth
or regular internal organs, as the sponges.
AOmor7phoOzo6ic (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
AOmor6phy (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. amorphie. See Amorphous.]
Shapelessness. [Obs.]
AOmort6 (?), a. [Pref. aO + F. mort death, dead; all amort
is for alamort.] As if dead; lifeless; spiritless; dejected;
AOmor6tise (?), v., AOmor7tiOsa6tion (?), n.,
AOmor6tisOaOble (?), a. AOmor6tiseOment (?), n. Same as
Amortize, Amortization, etc.
AOmor6tizOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. amortissable.] Capable of
being cleared off, as a debt.
AOmor7tiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. amortisatio, admortizatio. See
Amortize, and cf. Admortization.] 1. (Law) The act or right
of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered
formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain.
2. The extinction of a debt, usually by means of a sinking
fund; also, the money thus paid.
AOmor6tize (?), v. t. [OE. amortisen, LL. amortisare,
admortizare, F. amortir to sell in mortmain, to extinguish;
L. ad + mors death. See Mortmain. 1. To make as if dead; to
destroy. [Obs.] 
2. (Law) To alienate in mortmain, that is, to convey to a
corporation. See Mortmain.
3. To clear off or extinguish, as a debt, usually by means
of a sinking fund. 
AOmor6tizeOment (?), n. [F. amortissement.] Same as
AOmor6we (?), adv. [Pref. aO on + OE. morwe. See Morrow.] 1.
In the morning. [Obs.]
2. On the following morning. [Obs.]
AOmo6tion (?), n. [L. amotio. See Amove.] 1. Removal;
ousting; especially, the removal of a corporate officer from
his office.
2. Deprivation of possession.
X AOmo6tus (?), a. [L., withdrawn (from it?place).] (Zo.l.)
Elevated, P as a toe, when raised so high that the tip does
not touch the ground.
AOmount6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Amounted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Amounting.] [OF. amonter to increase, advance, ascend, fr.
amont (equiv. to L. ad montem to the mountain) upward, F.
amont up the river. See Mount, n.] 1. To go up; to ascend.
So up he rose, and thence amounted straight.
2. To rise or reach by an accumulation of particular sums or
quantities; to come (to) in the aggregate or whole; P with
to or unto.
3. To rise, reach, or extend in effect, substance, or
influence; to be equivalent; to come practically (to); as,
the testimony amounts to very little.
AOmount6, v. t. To signify; to ~ to. [Obs.]
AOmount6, n. 1. The sum total of two or more sums or
quantities; the aggregate; the whole quantity; a totality;
as, the amount of 7 and 9 is 16; the amount of a bill; the
amount of this year's revenue.
2. The effect, substance, value, significance, or result;
the sum; as, the amount of the testimony is this.
The whole amount of that enormous fame.
AOmour6 (?), n. [F., fr. L. amor love.] 1. Love; affection.
2. Love making; a love affair; usually, an unlawful
connection in love; a love intrigue; an illicit love affair.
In amours with, in love with. [Obs.]

<-- p. 50 -->

X A6mour7 pro6pre (?). [F.] SelfPlove; selfPesteem.
AOmov7aObil6iOty (?), n. Liability to be removed or
dismissed from office. [R.] 
T. Jefferson.
AOmov6aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. amovible.] Removable.
AOmove6 (?), v. t. [L. amovere; aP (ab) + movere to move:
cf. OF. amover.] 1. To remove, as a person or thing, from a
position. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
2. (Law) To dismiss from an office or station.
AOmove6, v. t. & i. [OE. amovir, L. admovere to move to, to
excite; ad + movere.] To move or be moved; to excite. [Obs.]
Am6peOlite (?), n. [L. ampelitis, Gr. ?, fr. ? vine.] (Min.)
An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill
insects, etc., on vines; P applied by Brongniart to a
carbonaceous alum schist.
{ X Am7p
re6 (?), AmOpere6 (?),} n. [From the name of a
French electrician.] (Elec.) The unit of electric current; P
defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and
by U. S. Statute as, one tenth of the unit of current of the
C. G. S. system of electroPmagnetic units, or the practical
equivalent of the unvarying current which, when passed
through a standard solution of nitrate of silver in water,
deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second.
Called also the international amp
{ X Am7p
re6me7ter (?), Am7peOrom6eOter (?),} n. [Amp
re +
meter.] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the strength
of an electrical current in amp
Am6perOsand (?), n. [A corruption of and, per se and, i. e.,
? by itself makes and.] A word used to describe the
character ?, ?, or &.
AmOphiO. [Gr. ?.] A prefix in words of Greek origin,
signifying both, of both kinds, on both sides, about,
Am7phiOarOthro6diOal (?), a. [Pref. amphiP + arthrodial.]
Characterized by amphiarthrosis.
Am7phiOarOthro6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? a joining, ?
a joint.] (Anat.) A form of articulation in which the bones
are connected by intervening substance admitting slight
motion; symphysis.
Am6phiOas7ter (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? a star.] (Biol.)
The achromatic figure, formed in mitotic cellPdivision,
consisting of two asters connected by a spindlePshaped
bundle of rodlike fibers diverging from each aster, and
called the spindle.
X AmOphib6iOa (?), n. pl. [See Amphibium.] (Zo.l.) One of
the classes of vertebrates.
5 The Amphibia are distinguished by having usually no
scales, by having eggs and embryos similar to those of
fishes, and by undergoing a complete metamorphosis, the
young having gills. There are three living orders: (1) The
tailless, as the frogs (Anura); (2) The tailed (Urodela), as
the salamanders, and the siren group (Sirenoidea), which
retain the gills of the young state (hence called
Perennibranchiata) through the adult state, among which are
the siren, proteus, etc.; (3) The C?cilians, or serpentlike
Amphibia (Ophiomorpha or Gymnophiona), with minute scales
and without limbs. The extinct Labyrinthodouts also
belonged to this class. The term is sometimes loosely
applied to both reptiles and amphibians collectively.
AmOphib6iOal (Pal), & n. Amphibian. [R.]
AmOphib6iOan (Pan), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
Amphibia; as, amphibian reptiles.
AmOphib6iOan, n. (Zo.l.) One of the Amphibia.
AmOphib7iOoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to amphibiology.
AmOphib7iOol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? amphibious + Plogy: cf. F.
amphibiologie.] A treatise on amphibious animals; the
department of natural history which treats of the Amphibia.
X AmOphib7iOot6iOca (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ?
pertaining to life.] (Zo.l.) A division of insects having
aquatic larv..
AmOphib6iOous (?), a. [Gr. ? living a double life, i. e.,
both on land in water; ? + ? life.] 1. Having the ability to
live both on land and in water, as frogs, crocodiles,
beavers, and some plants.
2. Pertaining to, adapted for, or connected with, both land
and water.
The amphibious character of the Greeks was already
determined: they were to be lords of land and sea.
3. Of a mixed nature; partaking of two natures.
Not in free and common socage, but in this amphibious
subordinate class of villein socage.
AmOphib6iOousOly, adv. Like an amphibious being.
AmOphib6iOousOness, n. The quality of being amphibious;
ability to live in two elements.
X AmOphib6iOum (?), n.; pl. L. Amphibia (?); E. Amphibiums
(?). [NL., fr. Gr. ? (sc. ? an animal). See Amphibious.] An
Am7phiObias6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? tending to sprout.]
(Biol.) Segmenting unequally; P said of telolecithal ova
with complete segmentation.
Am6phiObole (?), n. [Gr. ? doubtful, equivocal, fr. ? to
throw round, to doubt: cf. F. amphibole. Ha.y so named the
genus from the great variety of color and composition
assumed by the mineral.] (Min.) A common mineral embracing
many varieties varying in color and in composition. It
occurs in monoclinic crystals; also massive, generally with
fibrous or columnar structure. The color varies from white
to gray, green, brown, and black. It is a silicate of
magnetism and calcium, with usually aluminium and iron. Some
common varieties are tremolite, actinolite, asbestus,
edenite, hornblende (the last name being also used as a
general term for the whole species). Amphibole is a
constituent of many crystalline rocks, as syenite, diorite,
most varieties of trachyte, etc. See Hornblende.
Am7phiObol6ic (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to amphiboly;
ambiguous; equivocal.
2. Of or resembling the mineral amphibole.
AmOphib7oOlog6icOal (?), a. Of doubtful meaning; ambiguous.
=Amphibological expressions.8
Jer. Taylor. P AmOphib7oOlog6icOalOly, adv. 
Am7phiObol6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Amphibologies (?). [L.
amphibologia, for amphibolia, fr. Gr. ?, with the ending
Plogia as if fr. Gr. ? ambiguous + ? speech: cf. F.
amphibologie. See Amphiboly.] A phrase, discourse, or
proposition, susceptible of two interpretations; and hence,
of uncertain meaning. It differs from equivocation, which
arises from the twofold sense of a single term.
AmOphib6oOlous (?), a. [L. amphibolus, Gr. ? thrown about,
doubtful. [Obs.]
Never was there such an amphibolous quarrel P both parties
declaring themselves for the king.
2. (Logic) Capable of two meanings.
An amphibolous sentence is one that is capable of two
meanings, not from the double sense of any of the words, but
from its admitting of a double construction; e. g., =The
duke yet lives that Henry shall depose.8
AmOphib6oOly (?), n.; pl. Amphibolies (?). [L. amphibolia,
Gr. ?: cf. OE. amphibolie. See Amphibolous.] Ambiguous
discourse; amphibology.
If it oracle contrary to our interest or humor, we will
create an amphiboly, a double meaning where there is none. 
Am6phiObranch (?), n. [L. ?, Gr. ? short at both ends; ? + ?
short.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle
one long, the first and last short (? P ?); as, h?b?r?. In
modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the
long and the unaccented of the short; as, proPphet6ic.
{ Am7phiOcar6pic (?), Am7phiOcar6pous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ?
fruit.] (Bot.) Producing fruit of two kinds, either as to
form or time of ripening.
Am7phiOchro6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? color.] (Chem.) Exhibiting
or producing two colors, as substances which in the color
test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red.
{ Am7phiOc?6liOan (?), Am7phiOc?6lous (?),} a. [Gr. ?
hollowed all round; ? + ? hollow.] (Zo.l.) Having both ends
concave; biconcave; P said of vertebr..
Am6phiOcome (?), n. [Gr. ? with hair all round; ? + ? hair.]
A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences,
anciently used in divination. [Obs.]
Encyc. Brit.
AmOphic7tyOon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to the
Amphictyons or their League or Council; as, an Amphictyonic
town or state; the Amphictyonic body. 
W. Smith.
AmOphic6tyOons (?), n. pl. [L. Amphictyones, Gr. ?. Prob.
the word was orig. ? dwellers around, neighbors.] (Grecian
Hist.) Deputies from the confederated states of ancient
Greece to a congress or council. They considered both
political and religious matters.
AmOphic6tyOoOny (?), n.; pl. Amphictyonies (?). [Gr. ?.]
(Grecian Hist.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp.
the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic
Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of
Am6phid (?), n. [Gr. ? both: cf. F. amphide.] (Chem.) A salt
of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a
base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides,
selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid
compound. [R.]
Am6phiOdisc (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? a round plate.] (Zo.l.) A
peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel
at each end; P found in freshwater sponges.
Am7phiOdrom6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ? running about or around.]
Pertaining to an Attic festival at the naming of a child; P
so called because the friends of the parents carried the
child around the hearth and then named it.
AmOphig6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? marriage.] (Bot.) Having a
structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs;
P a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of
Am7phiOge6an (?), a. [Gr. ? + ?, ?, the earth.] Extending
over all the zones, from the tropics to the polar zones
Am6phiOgen (?), n. [Gr. ? + Pgen: cf. F. amphig
ne.] (Chem.)
An element that in combination produces amphid salt; P
applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and
tellurium. [R.] 
Am6phiOgene (?), n. (Min.) Leucite.
Am7phiOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? generation.] (Biol.)
Sexual generation; amphigony.
AmOphig6eOnous (?), a. (Bot.) Increasing in size by growth
on all sides, as the lichens.
Am7phiOgon6ic (?), a. Pertaining to amphigony; sexual; as,
amphigonic propagation. [R.]
AmOphig6oOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? a begetting.] Relating to
both parents. [R.]
AmOphig6oOny (?), n. Sexual propagation. [R.]
Am7phiOgor6ic (?), a. [See Amphigory.] Nonsensical; absurd;
pertaining to an amphigory.
Am6phiOgoOry (?), n. [F. amphigouri, of uncertain
derivation; perh. fr. Gr. ? + ? a circle.] A nonsense verse;
a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further
attention proves to be meaningless. [Written also
{ AmOphil6oOgism (?), AmOphil6oOgy (?),} n. [Gr. ? + Plogy.]
Ambiguity of speech; equivocation. [R.]
AmOphim6aOcer (?), n. [L. amphimacru?, Gr. ?; ? on both
sides + ? long.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the
middle one short and the others long, as in c>st?t>s.
X Am7phiOneu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. ? + ? sinew, nerve.]
(Zo.l.) A division of Mollusca remarkable for the bilateral
symmetry of the organs and the arrangement of the nerves.
X Am7phiOox6us (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? sharp.] (Zo.l.) A
fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three
inches long, found in temperature seas; P also called the
lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest
and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither
brain, skull, vertebr., nor red blood. It forms the type of
the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.
AmOphip6neust (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? one who breathes, ? to
breathe.] (Zo.l.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have
both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and
Am6phiOpod (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of the Amphipoda.
{ Am6phiOpod (?), AmOphip6oOdan (?),} a. (Zo.l.) Of or
pertaining to the Amphipoda.
X AmOphip6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., FR. Gr. ? + ?, ? foot.]
(Zo.l.) A numerous group of fourteen P footed Crustacea,
inhabiting both fresh and salt water. The body is usually
compressed laterally, and the anterior pairs or legs are
directed downward and forward, but the posterior legs are
usually turned upward and backward. The beach flea is an
example. See Tetradecapoda and Arthrostraca.
AmOphip6oOdous (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
AmOphip6roOstyle (?), a. [L. amphiprostylos, Gr. ? having a
double prostyle: cf. F. amphiprostyle. See Prostyle.]
(Arch.) Doubly prostyle; having columns at each end, but not
at the sides. P n. An amphiprostyle temple or edifice.
X Am7phiOrhi6na (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ?, ?, nose.]
(Zo.l.) A name applied to the elasmobranch fishes, because
the nasal sac is double.
X Am7phisOb.6na (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? on both ends + ?
to go.] 1. A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving
either way.
2. (Zo.l.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form,
without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they
appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either
way. See Illustration in Appendix.
5 The Gordius aquaticus, or hairworm, has been called an; but it belongs among the worms.
X Am7phisOb.6noid (?), a. [NL., fr. L. amphisbaena + Poid.]
(Zo.l.) Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus
{ X AmOphis6ciOi (?), AmOphis6cians (?),} n. pl. [Gr. ?
throwing a shadow both ways; ? + ? shadow.] The inhabitants
of the tropic, whose shadows in one part of the year are
cast to the north, and in the order to the south, according
as the sun is south or north of their zenith.
AmOphis6toOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? mouth.] (Zo.l.) Having a
sucker at each extremity, as certain entozoa, by means of
which they adhere.
Am7phiOsty6lic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? pillar, support.] (Anat.)
Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch
and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; P said of a
{ Am7phiOthe6aOter, Am7phiOthe6aOtre,} (?), n. [L.
amphitheatrum, fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? theater: cf. F.
amphith..tre. See Theater.] 1. An oval or circular building
with rising tiers of seats about an open space called the
5 The Romans first constructed amphitheaters for combats of
gladiators and wild beasts.
2. Anything resembling an amphitheater in form; as, a level
surrounded by rising slopes or hills, or a rising gallery in
a theater.
Am7phiOthe6aOtral (?), a. [L. amphitheatralis: cf. F.
amphith..tral.] Amphitheatrical; resembling an amphitheater.
{ Am7phiOtheOat6ric (?), Am7phiOtheOat6ricOal (?),} a. [L.
amphitheatricus.] Of, pertaining to, exhibited in, or
resembling, an amphitheater.
Am7phiOtheOat6ricOalOly, adv. In the form or manner of an
X AmOphit6roOcha (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? a wheel.]
(Zo.l.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a
ventral circle of special cilia.
{ AmOphit6roOpal (?), AmOphit6roOpous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ? to
turn.] (Bot.) Having the

<-- p. 51 -->

ovule inverted, but with the attachment near the middle of
one side; half anatropous. 
X Am7phiOu6ma (?), n. (Zo.l.) A genus of amphibians,
inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike
form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill
openings; the Congo snake.
Am7phoOpep6tone (?), n. [Gr. ? + E. peptone.] (Physiol.) A
product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and
X Am6phoOra (?), n.; pl. Amophor. (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a
jar with two handles; ? + ? bearer, ? to bear. Cf. Ampul.]
Among the ancients, a twoPhandled vessel, tapering at the
bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
Am6phoOral (?), a. [L. amphoralis.] Pertaining to, or
resembling, an amphora.
AmOphor6ic (?), a. (Med.) Produced by, or indicating, a
cavity in the lungs, not filled, and giving a sound like
that produced by blowing into an empty decanter; as,
amphoric respiration or resonance.
Am7phoOter6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? both.] Partly one and partly
the other; neither acid nor alkaline; neutral. [R.]
Am6ple (?), a. [F. ample, L. amplus, prob. for ambiplus full
on both sides, the last syllable akin to L. plenus full. See
Full, and cf. Double.] Large; great in size, extent,
capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended.
All the people in that ample house
Did to that image bow their humble knees.
2. Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an
ample fortune; ample justice.
3. Not contracted of brief; not concise; extended;
diffusive; as, an ample narrative.
Syn. - Full; spacious; extensive; wide; capacious; abundant;
plentiful; plenteous; copious; bountiful; rich; liberal;
munificent. P Ample, Copious, Abundant, Plenteous. These
words agree in representing a thing as large, but under
different relations, according to the image which is used.
Ample implies largeness, producing a sufficiency or fullness
of supply for every want; as, ample stores or resources,
ample provision. Copious carries with it the idea of flow,
or of collection at a single point; as, a copious supply of
materials. =Copious matter of my song.8 Milton. Abundant and
plenteous refer to largeness of quantity; as, abundant
stores; plenteous harvests.
AmOplec6tant (?), a. [L. amplecti to embrace.] (Bot.)
Clasping a support; as, amplectant tendrils.
Am6pleOness (?), n. The state or quality of being ample;
largeness; fullness; completeness.
Am7plexOa6tion (?), n. [L. amplexari to embrace.] An
embrace. [Obs.]
An humble amplexation of those sacred feet.
Bp. Hall.
AmOplex6iOcaul (?), a. [L. amplexus, p. p. of amplecti to
encircle, to embrace + caulis stem: cf. F. amplexicaule.]
(Bot.) Clasping or embracing a stem, as the base of some
Am6pliOate (?), v. t. [L. ampliatus, p. p. of ampliare to
make wider, fr. amplus. See Ample.] To enlarge. [R.]
To maintain and ampliate the external possessions of your
Am6pliOate (?), a. (Zo.l.) Having the outer edge prominent;
said of the wings of insects.
Am7pliOa6tion (?), n. [L. ampliatio: cf. F. ampliation.] 1.
Enlargement; amplification. [R.]
2. (Civil Law) A postponement of the decision of a cause,
for further consideration or rePargument.
Am6pliOaOtive (?), a. (Logic) Enlarging a conception by
adding to that which is already known or received.
=All bodies possess power of attraction8 is an ampliative
judgment; because we can think of bodies without thinking of
attraction as one of their immediate primary attribute.
Abp. W. Thomson.
AmOplif6iOcate (?), v. t. [L. amplificatus, p. p. of
amplificare.] To amplify. [Obs.]
Am7pliOfiOca6tion (?), n. [L. amplificatio.] 1. The act of
amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement;
2. (Rhet.) The enlarging of a simple statement by
particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for
rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a
dilating upon all the particulars of a subject.
Exaggeration is a species of amplification.
Brande & C.
I shall summarily, without any amplification at all, show in
what manner defects have been supplied.
Sir J. Davies.
3. The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the
subject was presented without amplifications. 
AmOplif6iOcaOtive (?), a. Amplificatory.
AmOplif6iOcaOtoOry (?), a. Serving to amplify or enlarge;
Am6pliOfi7er (?), n. One who or that which amplifies.
Am6pliOfy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amplified (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Amplifying.] [F. amplifier, L. amplificare. See
Ample, Ofy.] 1. To render larger, more extended, or more
intense, and the like; P used especially of telescopes,
microscopes, etc.
2. (Rhet.) To enlarge by addition or discussion; to treat
copiously by adding particulars, illustrations, etc.; to
expand; to make much of.
Troilus and Cressida was written by a Lombard author, but
much amplified by our English translator.
Am6pliOfy (?), v. i. 1. To become larger. [Obs.]
Strait was the way at first, withouten light,
But further in did further amplify.
2. To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument
or description; to dilate; to expatiate; P often with on or
He must often enlarge and amplify upon the subject he
Am6pliOtude (?), n. [L. amplitudo, fr. amplus: cf. F.
amplitude. See Ample.] 1. State of being ample; extent of
surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size.
The cathedral of Lincoln... is a magnificent structure,
proportionable to the amplitude of the diocese.
2. Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance;
fullness. (a) Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers.
=Amplitude of mind.8 Milton. =Amplitude of comprehension.8
Macaulay. (b) Of extent of means or resources. =Amplitude of
reward.8 Bacon.
3. (Astron.) (a) The arc of the horizon between the true
east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at
its rising or setting. At the rising, the ~ is eastern or
ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or
occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or
south of the equator. (b) The arc of the horizon between the
true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle
passing through any star or object.
4. (Gun.) The horizontal line which measures the distance to
which a projectile is thrown; the range.
5. (Physics) The extent of a movement measured from the
starting point or position of equilibrium; P applied
especially to vibratory movements.
6. (math.) An angle upon which the value of some function
depends; P a term used more especially in connection with
elliptic functions.
Magnetic ~, the angular distance of a heavenly body, when on
the horizon, from the magnetic east or west point as
indicated by the compass. The difference between the
magnetic and the true or astronomical ~ (see 3 above) is the
=variation of the compass.8
Am6ply (?), adv. In an ample manner.
Am6pul (?), n. [AS. ampella, ampolla, L. ampulla: cf. OF.
ampolle, F. ampoule.] Same as Ampulla, 2.
X AmOpul6la, n.; pl. Ampull. (?). [L. ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A
narrowPnecked vessel having two handles and bellying out
like a jug.
2. (Eccl.) (a) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass. (b)
The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or
coronation is kept.
3. (Biol.) Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle,
as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the
dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear.
Am7pulOla6ceous (?), a. [L. ampullaceus, fr. ampulla.] Like
a bottle or inflated bladder; bottleOshaped; swelling.
w sac (Zo.l.), one of the peculiar cavities in the tissues
of sponges, containing the zooidal cells.
{ Am6pulOlar (?), Am7pulOlaOry (?), } a. Resembling an
{ Am6pulOlate (?), Am6pulOla7ted (?) } a. Having an ampulla;
flaskPshaped; bellied.
AmOpul6liOform (?), a. [Ampulla + Oform.] FlaskOshaped;
Am6puOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amputated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Amputating.] [L. amputatus, p. p. of amputare: ambO +
putare to prune, putus clean, akin to E. pure. See
Putative.] 1. To prune or lop off, as branches or tendrils. 
2. (Surg.) To cut off (a limb or projecting part of the 
Am7puOta6tion (?), n. [L. amputatio: cf. F. amputation.] The
act amputating; esp. the operation of cutting of a limb or
projecting part of the body.
Am6puOta6tor (?), n. One who amputates.
X Am6pyx (?), n. [Gr. ?.] (Greek Antiq.) A woman's headband
(sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair.
X AmOri6ta (?), n. [Skr. amrita.] (Hind. Myth.) Immorality;
also, the nectar conferring immortality. P a. Ambrosial;
Am6sel, Am6zel (?), n. [Ger. See Ousel.] (Zo.l.) The
European ring ousel (Turdus torquatus).
AOmuck6 (?), a. & adv. [Malay amoq furious.] In a frenzied
and reckless. 
To run ~, to rush out in a state of frenzy, as the Malays
sometimes do under the influence of =bhang,8 and attack
every one that comes in the way; to assail recklessly and
Satire's my weapon, but I'm too discreet
To run amuck, and tilt at all I meet.
Am6uOlet (?), n. [L. amuletum: cf. F. amulette.] An
ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic,
etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or
mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally
inscribed with mystic forms or characters. [Also used
Am7uOlet6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an amulet; operating
as a charm.
AOmur6cous (?), a. [LL. amurcous, L. amurca the dregs of
olives, Gr. ?, fr. ? to pluck.] Full off dregs; foul. [R.]
AOmus6aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. amusable.] Capable of being
AOmuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amused (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Amusing.] [F. amuser to make stay, to detain, to ~, ? (L.
ad) + OF. muser. See Muse, v.] 1. To occupy or engage the
attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to
distract; to bewilder. [Obs.]
Camillus set upon the Gauls when they were amused in
receiving their gold.
Being amused with grief, fear, and fright, he could not find
the house. 
2. To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with
pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert.
A group children amusing themselves with pushing stones from
the top [of the cliff], and watching as they plunged into
the lake.
3. To keep in extraction; to beguile; to delude.
He amused his followers with idle promises.
Syn. - To entertain; gratify; please; divert; beguile;
deceive; occupy. P To Amuse, Divert, Entertain. We are
amused by that which occupies us lightly and pleasantly. We
are entertained by that which brings our minds into
agreeable contact with others, as conversation, or a book.
We are diverted by that which turns off our thoughts to
something of livelier interest, especially of a sportive
nature, as a humorous story, or a laughable incident.
Whatever amuses serves to kill time, to lull the faculties,
and to banish reflection. Whatever entertains usually a
wakens the understanding or gratifies the fancy. Whatever
diverts is lively in its nature, and sometimes tumultuous in
its effects.
AOmuse6, v. i. To muse; to mediate. [Obs.]
AOmused6 (?), a. 1. Diverted.
2. Expressing amusement; as, an amused look.
AOmuse6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. amusement.] 1. Deep thought;
muse. [Obs.]
Here I... fell into a strong and deep amusement, revolving
in my mind, with great perplexity, the amazing change of our
2. The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that
which amuses; diversion.
His favorite amusements were architecture and gardening.
Syn. - Diversion; entertainment; recreation; relaxation;
pastime; sport.
AOmus6er (?), n. One who amuses.
X Am7uOsette6 (?), n. [F.] A light field cannon, or stocked
gun mounted on a swivel.
AOmus6ing (?), a. Giving amusement; diverting; as, an
amusing story. P AOmus6ingOly, adv.
AOmu6sive (?; 277), a.Having power to amuse or entertain
the mind; fitted to excite mirth. [R.] P AOmu6siveOly, adv.
P AOmu6siveOness, n.
AOmy6 (?), n. [F. ami, fr. L. amicus.] A friend. [Obs.]
AOmy6eOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? without marrow.] (Med.) Wanting
the spinal cord.
AOmyg7daOla6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Akin to, or derived from,
the almond.
AOmyg6daOlate (?), a. [L. amygdala, amygdalum, almond, Gr.
?, ?. See Almond.] Pertaining to, resembling, or made of,
AOmyg6daOlate, n. 1. (Med.) An emulsion made of almonds;
milk of almonds.
Bailey. Coxe.
2.(Chem.) A salt amygdalic acid.
Am7ygOdal6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to almonds;
derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid.
AOmyg7daOlif6erOous (?), a. [L. amygdalum almond + Oferous.]
AOmyg6daOlin (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from
bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance.
AOmyg6daOline (?), a. [L. amygdalinus.] Of, pertaining to,
or resembling, almonds. 
AOmyg6daOloid (?), n. [Gr. ? almond + Ooid: cf. F.] (Min.) A variety of trap or basaltic rock,
containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by
nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates,
quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded
minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is
porous, like lava.
{ AOmyg6daOloid (?), AOmyg7daOloid6al (?), } a. 1.
2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock
Am6yl (?), n. [L. amylum starch + Oyl. Cf. Amidin.] (Chem.)
A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found
in ~ alcohol or fusel oil, etc.
Am7yOla6ceous (?), a. [L. amylum starch, Gr. ?. See Amidin.]
Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.
Am6yOlate (?), n. (Chem.) A compound of the radical amyl
with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.
Am6yOlene (?), n.(Chem.) One of a group of metameric
hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless,
volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture
of different members of the group.
AOmyl6ic (?), a. (Chem.)Pertaining to, or derived from,
amyl; as, amylic ether.
w alcohol (Chem.), one of the series of alcohol?, a
transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is
the hydroxide of amyl. P w fermentation (Chem.), a process
of fermentation in starch or sugar in which ~ alcohol is
Am7yOloObac6ter , n. [L. amylum starch + NL. bacterium. See
Bacterium.] (Biol.) A micro.rganism (Bacillus amylobacter)
which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction.
{ Am6yOloid (?), Am7yOloid6al (?), } a. [L. amylum starch +
Ooid.] Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike.
Amyloid degeneration (Med.), a diseased condition of various
organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous
substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric
acid; P called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration.

<-- p. 52 -->

Am6yOloid (?), n. 1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a
starchlike substance.
2. (Med.) The substance deposited in the organs in ~
Am7yOloOly6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? starch + ? solvent; ? to
dissolve.] (Physiol.) Effecting the conversion of starch
into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment. 
Am7yOlose6 (?), n. (Chem.) One of the starch group
(C6H10O5)? of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin,
dextrin, cellulose, etc.
Am6yOous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Med.) Wanting in muscle; without
Am6yss (?), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape.
An (?). [AS. >n one, the same word as the numeral. See One,
and cf. A.] This word is property an adjective, but is
commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before
nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or
any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as 
=twice an hour,8 =once an age,8 a shilling an ounce (see 2d
A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to
each, every.
5 An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as,
an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded,
when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable;
as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use
a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before
consonants as well as vowels.
An, conj. [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and
if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if,
the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic
before the conditional clause.] If; P a word used by old
English authors.
Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe.
B. Jonson.
w if, and if; if.
An6aO. [Gr. ? on; in comp., on, up, upwards.] A prefix in
words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout,
backward, back, again, anew.
A6na (?), adv. [Gr. ? (used distributively).] (Med.) Of
each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or,
contracted, aa), ? ij., that is, of wine and honey, each,
two ounces.
An apothecary with a... long bill of anas.
Oa6na (?). [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in
Oanus.] A suffix to names of persons or places, used to
denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip,
anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the
sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc.
Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas.
It has been said that the tablePtalk of Selden is worth all
the ana of the Continent.
An7aObap6tism (?), n. [L. anabaptismus, Gr. ?: cf. F.
anabaptisme. See Anabaptize.] The doctrine of the
An7aObap6tist (?), n. [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if ?: cf.
F. anabaptiste.] A name sometimes applied to a member of any
sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized
in infancy.
5 In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates
a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of
Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period.
In more modern times the name has been applied to those who
do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism.
{ An7aObapOtis6tic (?), An7aObapOtis6ticOal (?), } a.
Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their
Milton. Bp. Bull.
An7aObap6tistOry (?), n. The doctrine, system, or practice,
of Anabaptists. [R.]
Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was
suppressed in Munster.
An7aObapOtize6 (?), v. t. [Gr. ?, fr. ? again + ? to
baptize. See Baptize.] To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to
rename. [R.]
X An6aObas (?), n. [Gr. ?, p. p. of ? to advance.] (Zo.l.) A
genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long
out of water, and of making their way on land for
considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing
X AOnab6aOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to go up; ? up + ? to
go.] 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that
of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by
Xenophon in his work called =The Anabasis.8
The anabasis of Napoleon.
De Quincey.
2. (Med.) The first period, or increase, of a disease;
augmentation. [Obs.]
An7aObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to anabasis; as, an
anabatic fever. [Obs.]
An7aObol6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? something heaped up; ? + ? a
stroke.] (Physiol.) Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic
changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their
AOnab6oOlism (?), n. (Physiol.) The constructive metabolism
of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.
An7aOcamp6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back; ? back + ? to
bend.] Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and
5 The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which
treats of reflection; the same as what is now called
catoptric. See Catoptrics.
An7aOcamp6ticOalOly (?), adv. By reflection; as, echoes are
sound produced anacamptically.
An7aOcamp6tics (?), n. 1. The science of reflected light,
now called catoptrics.
2. The science of reflected sounds.
{ X An7aOcan6thiOni (?), An6aOcanths (?), } n. pl. [NL., fr.
Gr. ? priv. + ? thorny, fr. ? thorn.] (Zo.l.) A group of
teleostean fishes destitute of spiny finPrays, as the cod.
An7aOcan6thous (?), a. Spineless, as certain fishes.
An7aOcar6diOa6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to, or
resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the
cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well
known examples.
An7aOcar6dic (?), a. Pertaining to, or derived from, the
cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.
X An7aOcar6diOum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? similar to + ?
heart; P the fruit of this plant being thought to resemble
the heart of a bird.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including the
cashew tree. See Cashew.
An7aOcaOthar6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to cleanse upward, i.
e., by vomiting; ? + ?. See Cathartic.] (Med.) Producing
vomiting or expectoration. P n. An anacatharic medicine; an
expectorant or an emetic.
X AnOach6aOris (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + ? grace.] (Bot.)
A freshPwater weed of the frog'sbit family
(Hydrocharidace.), native to America. Transferred to England
it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also
waterweed and water thyme.
AnOach6oOret (?), n. AnOach7oOret6icOal (?), a. See
Anchoret, Anchoretic. [Obs.]
AnOach6oOrism (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? place.] An error in regard
to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something
to a wrong place. [R.]
{ An7aOchron6ic (?), An7aOchron6icOal (?), } a.
Characterized by, or involving, anachronism; anachronistic.
AnOach6roOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to refer to a wrong
time, to confound times; ? + ? time: cf. F. anachronisme.] A
misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in
chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each
other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early;
falsification of chronological relation.
AnOach7roOnis6tic (?), a. Erroneous in date; containing an
T. Warton.
AnOach6roOnize (?), v. t. [Gr. ?.] To refer to, or put into,
a wrong time. [R.]
AnOach6roOnous (?), a. Containing an anachronism;
anachronistic. P AnOach6roOnousOly, adv.
An7aOclas6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back and break; to
reflect (light); ? + ? to break.] 1. (Opt.) Produced by the
refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic
2. Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass.
w glass, a glass or phial, shaped like an inverted funnel,
and with a very thin convex bottom. By sucking out a little
air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart
crack; and by breathing or blowing gently into the orifice,
the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former
convex form. 
An7aOclas6tics (?), n. (Opt.) That part of optics which
treats of the refraction of light; P commonly called
Encyc. Brit.
X An7aOc?Ono6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ?, to communicate; ? up
+ ? to make common, ? common.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a
speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their
opinion on the point in debate.
An7aOcoOlu6thic (?), a. Lacking grammatical sequence. P
An7aOcoOlu6thicOalOly (?), adv.
X An7aOcoOlu6thon (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, not following, wanting
sequence; ? priv. + ? following.] (Gram.) A want of
grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance
of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter
part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.
An7aOcon6da (?), n. [Of Ceylonese origin?] (Zo.l.) A large
South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus),
which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small
mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent
(Python tigris) of Ceylon.
AOnac7reOon6tic (?), a. [L. Anacreonticus.] Pertaining to,
after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet
Anacreon; amatory and convivial.
De Quincey.
AOnac7reOon6tic, n. A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a
sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.
An7aOcrot6ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to anachronism.
AOnac6roOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?, up, again + ? a stroke.]
(Physiol.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in
a sphygmographic tracing.
X An7aOcru6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to push up or back; ? +
? to strike.] (Pros.) A prefix of one or two unaccented
syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented
An6aOdem (?), n. [L. anadema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to wreathe; ? up
+ ? to bind.] A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath. 
Drayton. Tennyson.
X An7aOdiOplo6sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to double,
?, ?, twofold, double.] (Rhet.) A repetition of the last
word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the
beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, =He
retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes P
misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent.8 
An6aOdrom (?), n. [Cf. F. anadrome.] (Zo.l.) A fish that
leaves the sea and ascends rivers.
AOnad6roOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? running upward; ? + ? a
running, ? to run.] 1. (Zo.l.) Ascending rivers from the
sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad,
2. (Bot.) Tending upwards; P said of terns in which the
lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the
branch of the central stem.
D. C. Eaton.
X AOn.6miOa (?), a. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? blood.]
(Med.) A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in
quality or in quantity.
AOn.m6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an.mis.
AnOa7 Orob6ic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to, or like,
ana robies; ara robiotic.
AnOa6 rOoObies (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, air + ?
life.] (Biol.) Micro.rganisms which do not require oxygen,
but are killed by it.
AnOa7 rOoObiOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Related to, or of the
nature of, ana robies.
X An7.sOthe6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
feeling, ? to feel: cf. F. anesth.sie. See .sthetics.]
(Med.) Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or
sensation; a state of general or local insensibility
produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of
an an.sthetic.
X An7.sOthe6sis (?), n. See An.sthesia.
An7.sOthet6ic (?), a. (Med.) (a) Capable of rendering
insensible; as, an.sthetic agents. (b) Characterized by, or
connected with, insensibility; as, an an.sthetic effect or
An7.sOthet6ic, n. (Med.) That which produces insensibility
to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.
AnO.s7theOtiOza6tion (?), n. The process of an.sthetizing;
also, the condition of the nervous system induced by
AnO.s6theOtize (?), v. t. (Med.) To render insensible by an
Encyc. Brit.
An6aOglyph (?), n. [Gr. ? wrought in low relief, ? embossed
work; ? + ? to engrave.] Any sculptured, chased, or embossed
ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo. 
{ An7aOglyph6ic (?), An7aOglyph6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining
to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; P
opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.
An7aOglyph6ic, n. Work chased or embossed relief.
An7aOglyp6tic (?), a. [L. anaglypticus, Gr. ?, ?. See
Anaglyph.] Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or
embossing in low relief.
An7aOglyp6tics (?), n. The art of carving in low relief,
embossing, etc.
An7aOglyp6toOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ograph.] An instrument
by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as
a medal or cameo, can be executed.
Brande & C.
An7aOglyp7toOgraph6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to
anaglyptography; as, analyptographic engraving.
An7aOglypOtog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? embossed + Ography.] The
art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give
the subject an embossed or raised appearance; P used in
representing coins, basPreliefs, etc.
X An7agOnor6iOsis (?), n. [Latinized fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to
recognize.] The unfolding or d.nouement. [R.]
De Quincey.
An7aOgo6ge (?), n. [Gr. ? a leading up; ? + ? a leading, ?
to lead.] 1. An elevation of mind to things celestial. 
2. The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the
application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament
to subjects of the New.
{ An7aOgog6ic (?), An7aOgog6icOal (?), } a. Mystical; having
a secondary spiritual meaning; as, the rest of the Sabbath,
in an anagogical sense, signifies the repose of the saints
in heaven; an anagogical explication. P An7aOgog6icOalOly,
An7aOgog6ics (?), n. pl. Mystical interpretations or
studies, esp. of the Scriptures.
L. Addison.
An6aOgo7gy (?), n. Same as Anagoge.
An6aOgram (?), n. [F. anagramme, LL. anagramma, fr. Gr. ?
back, again + ? to write. See Graphic.] Literally, the
letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider
sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the
transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus;
William Noy (attorneyPgeneral to Charles I., and a laborious
man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
An6aOgram, v. t. To anagrammatize.
Some of these anagramed his name, Benlowes, into Benevolus.
{ An7aOgramOmat6ic (?), An7aOgramOmat6icOal (?), } a. [Cf.
F. anagramtique.] Pertaining to, containing, or making,
anagram. P An7aOgramOmat6icOalOly, adv.
An7aOgram6maOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anagrammatisme.]
The act or practice of making anagrams.
An7aOgram6maOtist, n. [Cf. F. anagrammatiste.] A maker
An7aOgram6maOtize (?), v. t. [Gr. ? cf. F. anagrammatiser.]
To transpose, as the letters of a word, so as to form an
An6aOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? a writing out, fr. ? to write out,
to record; ? + ? to write.] An inventory; a record. [Obs.]
{ X An6aOkim (?), A6naks (?), } n. pl. [Heb.] (Bibl.) A race
of giants living in Palestine.
A6nal (?), a. [From Anus.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or
situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands.
AOnal6cime (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? strong, ? strength: cf.
F. analcime.] (Min.) A white or fleshPred mineral, of the
zeolite, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it
acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.
AOnal6cite (?), n. [Gr. ? weak.] Analcime.
An7aOlec6tic (?), a. Relating to analects; made up of
selections; as, an analectic magazine.
{ An6aOlects (?), X An7aOlec6ta (?), } n. pl. [Gr. ?, fr. ?
to collect; ? + ? to gather.] A collection of literary
X An7aOlem6ma (?), n. [L. analemma a sun dial on a pedestal,
showing the latitude and meridian of a place, Gr. ? a
support, or thing supported, a

<-- p. 53 -->

sun dial, fr. ? to take up; ? + ? to take.] 1. (Chem.) An
orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the
meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance,
and in the east or west point of the horizon.
2. An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection
of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; P
formerly much used in solving some common astronomical
3. A scale of the sun's declination for each day of the
year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial
terrestrial globe.
{ X An6aOlep6sis (?), An6aOlep6sy (?), } [Gr. ? a taking up,
or again, recovery, from ?. See Analemma.] (Med.) (a)
Recovery of strength after sickness. (b) A species of
epileptic attack, originating from gastric disorder.
An6aOlep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? restorative: cf. F. analeptique.
See Analepsis.] (Med.) Restorative; giving strength after
disease. P n. A restorative.
X An7alOge6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? sense
of pain.] (Med.) Absence of sensibility to pain.
An7alOlagOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a change.] (Math.)
Not changed in form by inversion.
w curves, a class of curves of the fourth degree which have
certain peculiar relations to circles; P sometimes called
bicircular quartics. P w surfaces, a certain class of
surfaces of the fourth degree.
An7alOlanOto6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing,
an allantois.
X An7alOlanOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + E.
allantoidea.] (Zo.l.) The division of Vertebrata in which no
allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and
lower forms.
AOnal6oOgal (?), a. Analogous. [Obs.]
An7aOlog6ic (?), a. [See Analogous.] Of or belonging to
Geo. Eliot.
An7aOlog6icOal (?), a. 1. Founded on, or of the nature of,
analogy; expressing or implying analogy.
When a country which has sent out colonies is termed the
mother country, the expression is analogical.
J. S. Mill.
2. Having analogy; analogous.
Sir M. Hale.
An7aOlog6icOalOly, adv. In an analogical sense; in
accordance with analogy; by way of similitude.
A prince is analogically styled a pilot, being to the state
as a pilot is to the vessel.
An7aOlog6icOalOness, n. Quality of being analogical.
AOnal6oOgism (?), n. [Gr. ? course of reasoning, fr. ? to
think over, to the effect; an a priori argument.
2. Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each
AOnal6oOgist (?), n. One who reasons from analogy, or
represent, by analogy.
AOnal6oOgize, v. i. To employ, or reason by, analogy.
X AOnal6oOgon (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Analogue.
AOnal6oOgous (?), a. [L. analogous, Gr. ? according to a due
ratio, proportionate; ? + ? ratio, proportion. See Logic.]
Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing
some resemblance or proportion; P often followed by to.
Analogous tendencies in arts and manners.
De Quincey.
Decay of public spirit, which may be considered analogous to
natural death.
J. H. Newman.
w pole (Pyroelect.), that pole of a crystal which becomes
positively electrified when heated.
Syn. - Correspondent; similar; like.
P AOnal6o gousOly, adv. P AOnal6oOgousOness, n.
An6aOlogue (?; 115), n. [F., fr. Gr. ?.] 1. That which is
analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing.
The vexatious tyranny of the individual despot meets its
analogue in the insolent tyranny of the many.
I. Taylor.
2. (Philol.) A word in one language corresponding with one
in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin =pater8 is the
analogue of the English =father.8
3. (Nat. Hist.) (a) An organ which is equivalent in its
functions to a different organ in another species or group,
or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the
analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not
of like structural relations. (b) A species in one genus or
group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those
of another group. (c) A species or genus in one country
closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus
of the same group, in another: such species are often called
representative species, and such genera, representative
AOnal6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Analogies (?). [L. analogia, Gr. ?,
fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.] 1. A resemblance of
relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some
circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise
entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind,
because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling
it to discover things before hidden.
Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy
between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or
with another.
5 Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or
essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a
similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference
between the argument from example and that from analogy. In
the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things;
in the latter, from the similarity of their relations.
2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between
organs or parts which are decidedly different.
3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.
4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or
general rules of a language; similarity of origin,
inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as
opposed to anomaly.
An6aOlyse (?), v., An6aOly7ser (?), n., etc. Same as
Analyze, Analyzer, etc.
AOnal6yOsis (?), n.; pl. Analyses (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to
unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ?
to loose. See Loose.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether
an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its
constituent or original elements; an examination of the
component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words
which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple
propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to
2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by
chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to
ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how
much of each element is present. The former is called
qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.
3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the
resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the
conditions that are in them to equations.
5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a
discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief,
methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In
this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.
6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a
species, or its place in a system of classification, by
means of an analytical table or key.
Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and
Volumetric ~. (Chem.) See under Ultimate, Proximate,
Qualitative, etc.
An6aOlyst (?), n. [F. analyste. See Analysis.] One who
analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now
commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis.
{ An7aOlyt6ic (?), An7aOlyt6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?: cf. F.
analytique. See Analysis.] Of or pertaining to analysis;
resolving into elements or constituent parts; as, an
analytical experiment; analytic reasoning; P opposed to
Analytical or co.rdinate geometry. See under Geometry. P
Analytic language, a noninflectional language or one not
characterized by grammatical endings. P Analytical table
(Nat. Hist.), a table in which the characteristics of the
species or other groups are arranged so as to facilitate the
determination of their names.
An7aOlyt6icOalOly, adv. In an analytical manner.
An7aOlyt6ics (?), n. The science of analysis.
An6aOly7zaOble (?), a. That may be analyzed.
An7aOlyOza6tion (?), n. The act of analyzing, or separating
into constituent parts; analysis.
An6aOlyze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Analyzed (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Analyzing.] [Cf. F. analyser. See Analysis.] To
subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its
elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the
purpose of an examination of each separately; to examine in
such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the
thing examined; as, to analyze a fossil substance; to
analyze a sentence or a word; to analyze an action to
ascertain its morality.
No one, I presume, can analyze the sensations of pleasure or
An6aOly7zer (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, analyzes.
2. (Opt.) The part of a polariscope which receives the light
after polarization, and exhibits its properties.
An7aOmese6 (?), a. Of or pertaining to Anam, to southeastern
Asia. P n. A native of Anam.
X An7amOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to remind, recall to
memory; ? + ? to put in mind.] (Rhet.) A recalling to mind;
An7amOnes6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Aiding the memory; as,
anamnestic remedies.
AnOam7niOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing,
an amnion.
An7aOmor6phism (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? form.] 1. A
distorted image.
2. (Biol.) A gradual progression from one type to another,
generally ascending.
An7aOmor6phoOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to form anew; ? again
+ ? to form; ? form.] 1. (Persp.) A distorted or monstrous
projection or representation of an image on a plane or
curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or
as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron,
appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an
2. (Biol.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.
3. (Bot.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of
form, or degeneration.
An7aOmor6phoOsy (?), n. Same as Anamorphosis.
AOnan6 (?), interj. [See Anon.] An expression equivalent to
What did you say? Sir? Eh? [Obs.]
X AOna6nas (?), n. [Sp. ananas, from the native American
name.] (Bot.) The pineapple (Ananassa sativa).
AnOan6drous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a man.] (Bot.)
Destitute of stamen? as certain female flowers.
AnOan6guOlar (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. angular.] Containing
no angle. [R.]
AnOan6therOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. anther.] (Bot.)
Destitute of anthers.
AnOan6thous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a flower.] (Bot.)
Destitute of flowers; flowerless. (?), An7aOp.s6tic (?). Same as Anapest, Anapestic.
An6aOpest (?), n. [L. anapaestus, Gr. ? an w, i. e., a
dactyl reserved, or, as it were, struck back; fr. ?; ? back
+ ? to strike.] 1. (Pros.) A metrical foot consisting of
three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the
last long, or accented (?); the reverse of the dactyl. In
Latin d?P?Ot>s, and in English inOterOvene?, are examples of
2. A verse composed of such feet.
An7aOpes6tic (?), a. [L. anapaesticus, Gr. ?.] Pertaining to
an anapest; consisting of an anapests; as, an anapestic
meter, foot, verse. P n. Anapestic measure or verse.
An7aOpes6ticOal (?), a. Anapestic.
X AOnaph6oOra (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to carry up or
back; ? + ? to carry.] (Rhet.) A repetition of a word or of
words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.
X AnOaph7roOdis6iOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? sexual
pleasure, ? the goddess of love.] (Med.) Absence of sexual
AnOaph7roOdis6iOac (?), a. & n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? pertaining
to venery.] (Med.) Same as Antaphrodisiac.
AnOaph7roOdit6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without love.] (Biol.)
Produced without concourse of sexes.
An7aOplas6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anaplasty.
An7aOplas7ty (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? to form: cf. F.
anaplastie.] (Surg.) The art of operation of restoring lost
parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue.
An7aOpleOrot6ic (?), a. [L. anapleroticus, fr. Gr. ? to fill
up; ? + ? to fill.] (Med.) Filling up; promoting granulation
of wounds or ulcers. P n. A remedy which promotes such
AOnap6noOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? respiration + Ograph.] A form
of spirometer.
An7apOno6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? respiration.] (Med.) Relating to
AnOap7oOdeic6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?. See
Apodeictic.] Not apodeictic; undemonstrable. [R.]
X An7aOpoph6yOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? back + ? offshoot.] (Anat.)
An accessory process in many lumbar vertebr..
An7apOtot6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? back + ? belonging to case.]
Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic
decay; as, anaptotic languages.
X AnOap6tyOchus (?), n.; pl. Anaptichi (?). [NL., fr. Gr. ?
unfolding; ? back + ? to fold.] (Paleon.) One of a pair of
shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.
An6arch (?), n. [Gr. ? without head or chief; ? priv. + ?
beginning, the first place, magistracy, government.] The
author of anarchy; one who excites revolt.
Imperial anarchs doubling human woes.
AOnar6chal (?), a. Lawless; anarchical. [R.]
We are in the habit of calling those bodies of men anarchal
which are in a state of effervescence.
{ AOnar6chic (?), AOnar6chicOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
anarchique.] Pertaining to anarchy; without rule or
government; in political confusion; tending to produce
anarchy; as, anarchic despotism; anarchical opinions.
An6archOism (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchisme.] The doctrine or
practice of anarchists.
An6archOist (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchiste.] An anarch; one who
advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil
An6archOize (?), v. t. To reduce to anarchy.
An6archOy (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anarchie. See Anarch.] 1.
Absence of government; the state of society where there is
no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political
Spread anarchy and terror all around.
2. Hence, confusion or disorder, in general.
There being then... an anarchy, as I may term it, in authors
and their re?koning of years.
X An7arOthrop6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? without
joints + Opoda. See Anarthrous.] (Zo.l.) One of the
divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs,
as the annelids; P opposed to Arthropoda.
An7arOthrop6oOdous (?), a. (Zo.l.) Having no jointed legs;
pertaining to Anarthropoda.
AnOar6throus (?), a. [Gr. ? without joints, without the
article; ? priv. + ? joint, the article.] 1. (Gr. Gram.)
Used without the article; as, an anarthrous substantive.
2.(Zo.l.) Without joints, or having the joints indistinct,
as some insects.
X A6nas (?), n. [L., duck.] (Zo.l.) A genus of water fowls,
of the order Anseres, including certain species of
freshOwater ducks.
X An7aOsar6ca (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ? throughout + ?, ?,
flesh.] (Med.) Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue;
an effusion of serum into the cellular substance,
occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin.
An7aOsar6cous (?), a. Belonging, or affected by, anasarca,
or dropsy; dropsical.
An7aOstal6tic (?), a. & n. [Gr. ?

<-- p. 54 -->

fitted for checking, fr. ? + ? to send.] (Med.) Styptic.
An6aOstate (?), n. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand.]
(Physiol.) One of a series of substances formed, in
secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in
the production of protoplasm; P opposed to katastate.
An7aOstat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand: cf. ?
causing to stand.] Pertaining to a process or a style of
printing from characters in relief on zinc plates.
In this process the letterpress, engraving, or design of any
kind is transferred to a zinc plate; the parts not covered
with ink are eaten out, leaving a facsimile in relief to be
printed from.
AOnas6toOmose (?), v. i. [imp. p. p. Anastomozed (?); p. pr.
? vb. n. Anastomosing.] [Cf. F. anastomoser, fr. anastomose.
See Anastomosis.] (Anat. & Bot.) To inosculate; to
intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins.
The ribbing of the leaf, and the anastomosing network of its
I. Taylor. 
X AOnas7toOmo6sis (?), n.; pl. Anastomoses (?). [NL., fr.
Gr. ? opening, fr. ? to furnish with a mouth or opening, to
open; ? + ? mouth;: cf. F. anastomose.] (Anat. & Bot.) The
inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two
or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication
between arteries or veins.
AOnas7toOmot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anastomosis.
X AOnas6troOphe (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn up or back; ?
+ ? to turn.] (Rhet. & Gram.) An inversion of the natural
order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.
AOnath6eOma (?), n.; pl. Anathemas (?). [L. anath?ma, fr.
Gr. ? anything devoted, esp. to evil, a curse; also L.
anath?ma, fr. Gr. ? a votive offering; all fr. ? to set up
as a votive gift, dedicate; ? up + ? to set. See Thesis.] 1.
A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by
ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by
excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as
[They] denounce anathemas against unbelievers.
2. An imprecation; a curse; a malediction.
Finally she fled to London followed by the anathemas of both
3. Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by
ecclesiastical authority.
The Jewish nation were an anathema destined to destruction.
St. Paul... says he could wish, to save them from it, to
become an anathema, and be destroyed himself.
w Maranatha (?) (see 1 Cor. xvi. 22), an expression commonly
considered as a highly intensified form of anathema. Maran
atha is now considered as a separate sentence, meaning, =Our
Lord cometh.8
{ AOnath7eOmat6ic (?), AOnath7eOmat6icOal (?), } a.
Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an anathema. P
AOnath7eOmat6icOalOly, adv.
AOnath6eOmaOtism (?), n. [Gr. ? a cursing; cf. F.
anath.matisme.] Anathematization. [Obs.]
We find a law of Justinian forbidding anathematisms to be
pronounced against the Jewish Hellenists.
J. Taylor.
AOnath7eOmaOtiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. anathematisatio.] The
act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed;
AOnath6eOmaOtize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anathematized (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Anathematizing.] [L. anathematizare, Gr. ?
to devote, make accursed: cf. F. anath.matiser.] To
pronounce an anathema against; to curse. Hence: To condemn
publicly as something accursed.
AOnath6eOmaOti7zer (?), n. One who pronounces an anathema.
X AOnat6iOfa (?), n.; pl. Anatif. (?). [NL., contr. fr.
anatifera. See Anatiferous.] (Zo.l.) An animal of the
barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or
peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia. 
5 The term Anatif., in the plural, is often used for the
whole group of pedunculated cirripeds. 
AOnat6iOfer, (?), n. (Zo.l.) Same as Anatifa. 
An7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [L. anas, anatis, a duck + Oferous.]
(Zo.l.) Producing ducks; P applied to Anatif., under the
absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See
An6aOtine (?), a. [L. anatinus, fr. anas, anatis, a duck.]
(Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike.
AOnat6oOcism (?), n. [L. anatocismus, Gr. ?; ? again + ? to
lend on interest.] (Law) Compound interest. [R.]
{ An7aOtom6ic (?), An7aOtom6icOal (?), } a. [L. anatomicus,
Gr. ?: cf. F. anatomique. See Anatomy.] Of or relating to
anatomy or dissection; as, the anatomic art; anatomical
An7aOtom6icOalOly, adv. In an anatomical manner; by means of
AOnat6oOmism (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomisme.] 1. The application
of the principles of anatomy, as in art.
The stretched and vivid anatomism of their [i. e., the
French] great figure painters.
The London Spectator.
2. The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all
the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.
AOnat6oOmist (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomiste.] One who is skilled
in the art of anatomy, or dissection.
AOnat7oOmiOza6tion (?), n. The act of anatomizing.
AOnat6oOmize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anatomized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Anatomizing.] [Cf. F. anatomiser.] 1. To dissect;
to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the
purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of
the several parts.
2. To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze.
If we anatomize all other reasonings of this nature, we
shall find that they are founded on the relation of cause
and effect.
AOnat6oOmi7zer (?), n. A dissector.
AOnat6oOmy (?), n.; pl. Anatomies (?). [F. anatomie, L.
anatomia, Gr. ? dissection, fr. ? to cut up; ? + ? to cut.]
1. The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the
different parts of any organized body, to discover their
situation, structure, and economy; dissection.
2. The science which treats of the structure of organic
bodies; anatomical structure or organization.
Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together,
according to the knowledge of them which is given us by
5 =Animal ~8 is sometimes called zo.tomy; =vegetable ~,8
phytotomy; =human ~,8 anthropotomy.
Comparative ~ compares the structure of different kinds and
classes of animals.
3. A treatise or book on ~.
4. The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual,
for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the
anatomy of a discourse.
5. A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which
has the appearance of being so.
The anatomy of a little child, representing all parts
thereof, is accounted a greater rarity than the skeleton of
a man in full stature.
They brought one Pinch, a hungry, leanOfaced villain,
A mere anatomy.
An7aOtrep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? overturning, fr. ? to turn up
or over; ? + ? too turn.] Overthrowing; defeating; P applied
to Plato's refutative dialogues.
X An6aOtron (?), n. [F. anatron, natron, Sp. anatron,
natron, fr. Ar. alPnatr?n. See Natron, Niter.] [Obs.] 1.
Native carbonate of soda; natron.
2. Glass gall or sandiver.
3. Saltpeter.
Coxe. Johnson.
{ AOnat6roOpal (?), AOnat6roOpous (?), } a. [Gr. ? up + ? to
turn.] (Bot.) Having the ovule inverted at an early period
in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent
apex; P opposed to orthotropous.
AOnat6to (?), n. Same as Annotto.
An6burPy (?), Am6burOy (?), n. [AS. ampre, ompre, a crooked
swelling vein: cf. Prov. E. amper a tumor with inflammation.
Cf. the first syllable in agnail, and berry a fruit.] 1.
(Far.) A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen.
2. A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; P called also
fingers and toes.
Oance. [F. Oance, fr. L. Oantia and also fr. Oentia.] A
suffix signifying action; also, quality or state; as,
assistance, resistance, appearance, elegance. See Oancy.
5 All recently adopted words of this class take either Oance
or Oence, according to the Latin spelling.
An6cesOtor (?), n. [OE. ancestre, auncestre, also ancessour;
the first forms fr. OF. ancestre, F. anc.tre, fr. the L.
nom. antessor one who goes before; the last form fr. OF.
ancessor, fr. L. acc. antecessorem, fr. antecedere to go
before; ante before + cedere to go. See Cede, and cf.
Antecessor.] 1. One from whom a person is descended, whether
on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a
progenitor; a fore father.
2. (Biol.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil
animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse.
3. (Law) One from whom an estate has descended; P the
correlative of heir.
An7cesOto6riOal (?), a. Ancestral.
An7cesOto6riOalOly, adv. With regard to ancestors.
AnOces6tral (?; 277), a. Of, pertaining to, derived from, or
possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral
estate. =Ancestral trees.8
An6cesOtress (?), n. A female ancestor.
An6cesOtry (?), n. [Cf. OF. ancesserie. See Ancestor.] 1.
Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth
or honorable descent.
Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but
an ill one more contemptible.
2. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those
who compose the line of natural descent.
An6chor (?), n. [OE. anker, AS. ancor, oncer, L. ancora,
sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. ?, akin to E. angle: cf. F.
ancre. See Angle, n.] 1. A iron instrument which is attached
to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast
overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and
thus retains the ship in a particular station.
5 The common ~ consists of a straight bar called a shank,
having at one end a transverse bar called a stock, above
which is a ring for the cable, and at the other end the
crown, from which branch out two or more arms with flukes,
forming with the shank a suitable angle to enter the ground.
Formerly the largest and strongest ~ was the sheet anchor
(hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called also waist
anchor. Now the bower and the sheet anchor are usually
alike. Then came the best bower and the small bower (so
called from being carried on the bows). The stream anchor is
one fourth the weight of the bower ~. Kedges or kedge
anchors are light anchors used in warping.
2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that
of a ship's ~, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam
fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or
other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold
the core of a mold in place.
3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on
which we place dependence for safety.
Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul.
Heb. vi. 19.
4. (Her.) An emblem of hope.
5. (Arch.) (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a
building together. (b) Craved work, somewhat resembling an
~ or arrowhead; P a part of the ornaments of certain
moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or eggPandPanchor
(called also eggPandPdart, eggPandPtongue) ornament.
6. (Zo.l.) One of the anchorPshaped spicules of certain
sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain
Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.
w ice. See under Ice. P w ring. (math.) Same as Annulus, 2
(b). P w stock (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank
at right angles to the arms. P The ~ comes home, when it
drags over the bottom as the ship drifts. P Foul ~, the ~
when it hooks, or is entangled with, another ~, or with a
cable or wreck, or when the slack cable entangled. P The ~
is acockbill, when it is suspended perpendicularly from the
cathead, ready to be let go. P The ~ is apeak, when the
cable is drawn in do tight as to bring to ship directly over
it. P The ~ is atrip, or aweigh, when it is lifted out of
the ground. P The ~ is awash, when it is hove up to the
surface of the water. P At ~, anchored. P To back an ~, to
increase the holding power by laying down a small ~ ahead of
that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the
crown of the latter to prevent its coming home. P To cast ~,
to drop or let go an ~ to keep a ship at rest. P To cat the
~, to hoist the ~ to the cathead and pass the ringPstopper.
P To fish the ~, to hoist the flukes to their resting place
(called the billPboards), and pass the shank painter. P To
weigh ~, to heave or raise the ~ so as to sail away.
An6chor (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anchored (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Anchoring.] [Cf. F. ancrer.] 1. To place at ~; to secure
by an ~; as, to anchor a ship.
2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to
anchor the cables of a suspension bridge.
Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes.
An6chor, v. i. 1. To cast ~; to come to ~; as, our ship (or
the captain) anchored in the stream.
2. To stop; to fix or rest.
My invention...anchors on Isabel.
An6chor, n. [OE. anker, ancre, AS. ancra, fr. L. anachoreta.
See Anchoret.] An anchoret. [Obs.]
An6chorOaOble (?), a. Fit for anchorage.
An6chorOage (?), n. 1. The act of anchoring, or the
condition of lying at anchor.
2. A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a
hold for an anchor.
3. The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
4. Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the
anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
5. Something on which one may depend for security; ground of
6. A toll for anchoring; ~ duties.
An6choOrage (?), n. Abode of an anchoret.
An6chorOate (?), a. AnchorOshaped.
An6chored (?), a. 1. Held by an anchor; at anchor; held
safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor;
forked; as, an anchored tongue.
2. (Her.) Having the extremities turned back, like the
flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross. [Sometimes spelt
An6choOress (?), n. A female anchoret.
And there, a saintly anchoress, she dwelt.
An6choOret (?), An6choOrite (?), n. [F. anachor
te, L.
anachoreta, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to go back, retire; ? + ? to
give place, retire, ? place; perh. akin to Skr. h> to leave.
Cf. Anchor a hermit.] One who renounces the world and
secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a
r?cluse. [Written by some authors anachoret.]
Our Savior himself... did not choose an anchorite's or a
monastic life, but a social and affable way of conversing
with mortals.
{ An7choOret6ic (?), An7choOret6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. Gr. ?.]
Pertaining to an anchoret or hermit; after the manner of an
An6choOret7ish (?), a. Hermitlike.
An6choOretOism (?), n. The practice or mode of life of an
An6chorPhold7 (?), n. 1. The hold or grip of an anchor, or
that to which it holds.
2. Hence: Firm hold: security.
An6choOrite (?), n. Same as Anchoret.
An6choOri7tess (?), n. An anchoress. [R.]
An6chorOless (?), a. Without an anchor or stay. Hence:
Drifting; unsettled.
AnOcho6vy (?), n. [Sp. anchoa, anchova, or Pg. anchova,
prob. of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish,
fr. Bisc. antzua dry: cf. D. anchovis, F. anchois.] (Zo.l.)
A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring
family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in
the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is
also applied to several allied species.

<-- p. 55 -->

AnOcho6vy pear7 (?). (Bot.) A West Indian fruit like the
mango in taste, sometimes pickled; also, the tree (Grias
cauliflora) bearing this fruit.
An6chuOsin (?), n. [L. anchusa the plant alkanet, Gr. ?.]
(Chem.) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet
An6chyOlose (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Anchylosed (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Anchylosing.] [Cf. F. ankyloser.] To affect or
be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as
to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one. [Spelt
also ankylose.]
X An7chyOlo6sis, An7kyOlo6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr.
?, fr. ? to crook, stiffen, fr. ? crooked: cf. F. ankylose.]
1. (Med.) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a
stiff joint.
2. (Anat.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a
single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in
various animals.
An7chyOlot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anchylosis.
An6cient (?), a. [OE. auncien, F. ancien, LL. antianus, fr.
L. ante before. See AnteO, pref.] 1. Old; that happened or
existed in former times, usually at a great distance of
time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to
the times before the fall of the Roman empire; P opposed to
modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient
Witness those ancient empires of the earth. 
Gildas Albanius... much ancienter than his namesake surnamed
the Wise.
2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of
great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle. =Our
ancient bickerings.8
Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have
Prov. xxii. 28.
An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters.
3. Known for a long time, or from early times; P opposed to
recent or new; as, the ancient continent.
A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance.
4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable.
He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he
seem very grave and ancient.
5. Experienced; versed. [Obs.]
Though [he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most
ancient in the business of the realm.
6. Former; sometime. [Obs.]
They mourned their ancient leader lost.
w demesne (Eng. Law), a tenure by which all manors belonging
to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were
held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in
a book called Domesday Book. P w lights (Law), windows and
other openings which have been enjoined without molestation
for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the
United States, they acquire a prescriptive right. 
Syn. - Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated;
oldPfashioned; obsolete. P Ancient, Antiquated, Obsolete,
Antique, Antic, Old. P Ancient is opposed to modern, and has
antiquity; as, an ancient family, ancient landmarks, ancient
institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated describes
that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated
furniture, antiquated laws, rules, etc. Obsolete is commonly
used, instead of antiquated, in reference to language,
customs, etc.; as, an obsolete word or phrase, an obsolete
expression. Antique is applied, in present usage, either to
that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique
cameo, bust, etc.; or to that which is made to imitate some
~ work of art; as, an antique temple. In the days of
Shakespeare, antique was often used for ancient; as, =an
antique song,8 =an antique Roman;8 and hence, from
singularity often attached to what is ~, it was used in the
sense of grotesque; as, =an oak whose antique root peeps
out; 8 and hence came our present word antic, denoting
grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient and
old to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old man,
an ancient record; but never, the old stars, an old river or
mountain. In general, however, ancient is opposed to modern,
and old to new, fresh, or recent. When we speak of a thing
that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we
commonly use ancient; as, ancient republics, ancient heroes;
and not old republics, old heroes. But when the thing which
began or existed in former times is still in existence, we
use either ancient or old; as, ancient statues or
paintings, or old statues or paintings; ancient authors, or
old authors, meaning books.
An6cient, n. 1. pl. Those who lived in former ages, as
opposed to the moderns.
2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a
person of influence.
The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his
people, and the princes thereof.
Isa. iii. 14.
3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor. [Obs.] 
Junius and Andronicus... in Christianity... were his
4. pl. (Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of
Court or of Chanc?y.
Council of Ancients (French Hist.), one of the two
assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795.
An6cient, n. [Corrupted from ensign.] 1. An ensign or flag.
More dishonorable ragged than an oldPfaced ancient.
2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign. [Obs.]
This is Othello's ancient, as I take it.
An6cientOly, adv. 1. In ancient times.
2. In an ancient manner. [R.]
An6cientOness, n. The quality of being ancient; antiquity;
existence from old times.
An6cientOry (?), n. 1. Antiquity; what is ancient.
They contain not word of ancientry.
2. Old age; also, old people. [R.]
Wronging the ancientry.
3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth.
A gentleman of more ancientry than estate.
An6cientOy (?), n. [F. anciennet., fr. ancien. See Ancient.]
1. Age; antiquity. [Obs.]
2. Seniority. [Obs.]
X AnOci6le (?), n. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of
the Romans, said to havePfallen from heaven in the reign of
Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.
An6cilOlaOry (?), a. [L. ancillaris, fr. ancilla a female
servant.] Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid;
The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered
as inferior, and even ancillary, to the greater province.
AnOcille6 (?), n. [OF. ancelle, L. ancilla.] A maidservant;
a handmaid. [Obs.]
{ AnOcip6iOtal (?), AnOcip6iOtous (?), } a. [L. anceps,
ancipitis, twoPheaded, double; anO for ambO on both sides +
caput head.] (Bot.) TwoPedged instead of round; P said of
certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely
also of leaves.
AnOcis6troid (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? a hook + ? shape.]
An6cle (?), n. See Ankle.
An6come (?), n. [AS. ancuman, oncuman, to come.] A small
ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [Obs.]
X An6con (?), n.; L. pl. Ancones (?). [L., fr. Gr. ? the
bent arm, elbow; any hook or bend.] (Anat.) The olecranon,
or the elbow.
w sheep (Zo.l.), a breed of sheep with short crooked legs
and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; P
called also the otter breed.
{ An6con (?), An6cone (?), } n. [See Ancon, above.] (Arch.)
(a) The corner or quoin of a wall, crossPbeam, or rafter.
[Obs.] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.
{ An6coOnal (?), AnOco6neOal (?), } a. (Anat.) Of or
pertaining to the ancon or elbow. =The olecranon on anconeal
X AnOco6neOus (?), n. [NL., fr. L. ancon elbow.] (Anat.) A
muscle of the elbow and forearm.
An6coOnoid (?), a. Elbowlike; anconal.
An6coOny (?), n. [Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) A piece of
malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the
middle, but unwrought at the ends.
OanOcy. [L. Oantia.O A suffix expressing more strongly than
Oance the idea of quality or state; as, constancy, buoyancy,
And (?), conj. [AS. and; akin to OS. endi, Icel. enda, OHG.
anti, enti, inti, unti, G. und, D. en, OD. ende. Cf, An if,
AnteO.] 1. A particle which expresses the relation of
connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a
word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.
(a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, =there are women
and women,8 that is, two very different sorts of women.
(b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is
modificatory of the other, are connected by and; as, =the
tediousness and process of my travel,8 that is, the tedious
process, etc.; =thy fair and outward character,8 that is,
thy outwardly fair character,
Schmidt's Shak. Lex. 
2. In order to; P used instead of the infinitival to,
especially after try, come, go.
At least to try and teach the erring soul.
3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive.
When that I was and a little tiny boy.
4. If; though. See An, conj. [Obs.]
As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast
their eggs.
w so forth, and others; and the rest; and similar things;
and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. (et
cetera), or & c., is usually read and so forth.
An6daObaOtism (?), n. [L. andabata a kind of Roman
gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Doubt; uncertainty.
An7daOlu6site (?), n. (Min.) A silicate of aluminium,
occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of
a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in
Andalusia, Spain.
X AnOdan6te (?), a. [It. andante, p. pr. of andare to go.]
(Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing;
quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. P n. A
movement or piece in andante time.
X An7danOti6no (?), a. [It., dim. of andante.] (Mus.) Rather
quicker than andante; between that allegretto.
5 Some, taking andante in its original sense of =going,8 and
andantino as its diminutive, or =less going,8 define the
latter as slower than andante.
An6daOrac (?), n. [A corruption of sandarac.] Red orpiment.
AOde6an , a. Pertaining to the Andes.
An6desOine (?), n. (Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found
in the Andes.
An6desOite (?), n. (Min.) An eruptive rock allied to
trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar,
with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.
An6dine (?), a. Andean; as, Andine flora.
And6i7ron (?), n. [OE. anderne, aunderne, aundyre, OF.
andier, F. landier, fr. LL. andena, andela, anderia, of
unknown origin. The Eng. was prob. confused with brandPiron,
AS. brandPFsen.] A utensil for supporting wood when burning
in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog;
as, a pair of andirons. 
An7draOnat6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ?: cf. F.
andranatomie. See Anatomy, Androtomy.] The dissection of a
human body, especially of a male; androtomy.
X AnOdr?6ciOum (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ?, ?, man + ? house.]
(bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.
An6droOgyne (?), n. 1. An hermaphrodite.
2. (Bot.) An androgynous plant.
{ AnOdrog6yOnous (?), AnOdrog6yOnal (?), } a. [L.
androgynus, Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ? woman: cf. F. androgyne.]
1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics
of both; being in nature both male and female;
The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous.
2. (Bot.) Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous
flowers in the same cluster.
{ AnOdrog6yOny (?), AnOdrog6yOnism (?), } n. Union of both
sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism. 
{ An6droid (?), X AnOdroi6des (?), } n. [Gr. ? of man's
form; ?, ?, man + ? form.] A machine or automation in the
form of a human being.
An6droid, a. Resembling a man.
AnOdrom6eOda (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, the daughter of Cepheus
and Cassiopeia. When bound to a rock and exposed to a sea
monster, she was delivered by Perseus.] 1. (Astron.) A
northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical
2. (bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern
climates, of which the original species was found growing on
a rock surrounded by water.
X An6dron (?), n. [L. andron, Gr. ?, fr. ?, ?, man.] (Gr. &
Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This
was in the lower part of the house. 
An7droOpet6alOous (?), a. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as
double flowers, like the garden ranunculus.
X AnOdroph6aOgi (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ?
to eat.] Cannibals; manPeaters; anthropophagi. [R.]
AnOdroph6aOgous (?), a. Anthropophagous.
An6droOphore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? to bear.] 1. (Bot.)
A support or column on which stamens are raised.
2. (Zo.l.) The part which in some Siphonophora bears the
male gonophores.
An6droOsphinx (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? sphinx.] (Egypt.
Art.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and
the body of a lion.
An6droOspore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a man + ? a seed.] (Bot.) A
spore of some alg., which has male functions.
AnOdrot6oOmous (?), a. (Bot.) Having the filaments of the
stamens divided into two parts.
AnOdrot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? a cutting. Cf.
Anatomy.] Dissection of the human body, as distinguished
from zo.tomy; anthropotomy. [R.]
Oan6drous (?). [Gr. ?, ?, a man.] (Bot.) A terminal
combining form: Having a stamen or stamens; staminate; as,
monandrous, with one stamen; polyandrous, with many stamens.
AOnear6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + near.] Near. [R.] =It
did not come anear.8
The measure of misery anear us.
I. Taylor.
AOnear6, v. t. & i. To near; to approach. [Archaic]
AOneath6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + neath for beneath.]
Beneath. [Scot.]
An6ecOdo7tage (?), n. Anecdotes collectively; a collection
of anecdotes.
All history, therefore, being built partly, and some of it
altogether, upon anecdotage, must be a tissue of lies.
De Quincey.
An6ecOdo7tal (?), a. Pertaining to, or abounding with,
anecdotes; as, anecdotal conversation.
An6ecOdote (?), n. [F. anecdote, fr. Gr. ? not published; ?
priv. + ? given out, ? to give out, to publish; ? out + ? to
give. See Dose, n.] 1. pl. Unpublished narratives.
2. A particular or detached incident or fact of an
interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a
single passage of private life. 
{ An7ecOdot6ic (?), An7ecOdot6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to,
consisting of, or addicted to, anecdotes. =Anecdotical
An6ecOdo6tist (?), n. One who relates or collects anecdotes.
An6eOlace (?), n. Same as Anlace.
AOnele6 (?), v. t. [OE. anelien; an on + AS. ele oil, L.
oleum. See Oil, Anoil.] 1. To anoit.
2. To give extreme unction to. [Obs.]
R. of Brunne.
An7eOlec6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. electric.] (Physics)
Not becoming electrified by friction; P opposed to
idioelectric. P n. A substance incapable of being
electrified by friction.
An7eOlec6trode (?), n. [Gr. ? up + E. electrode.] (Elec.)
The positive pole of a voltaic battery.
X An7eOlecOtrot6oOnus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + E.
electrotonus.] (Physiol.) The condition of decreased
irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive
electrode or anode on the passage of a current of
electricity through it.
AOnem6oOgram (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ogram.] A record made by
an anemograph.
AOnem6oOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ograph.]

<-- p. 56 -->

An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and
force of the wind.
AOnem7oOgraph6ic (?), a. Produced by an anemograph; of or
pertaining to anemography.
An7eOmog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ography.] 1. A
description of the winds.
2. The art of recording the direction and force of the wind,
as by means of an anemograph.
An7eOmol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ology.] The science of
the wind.
An7eOmom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ometer.] An instrument
for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind
{ An7eOmoOmet6ric (?), An7eOmoOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to anemometry.
An7eOmoOmet6roOgraph (?), n. [Anemometer + Ograph.] An
An7eOmom6eOtry (?), n. The act or process of ascertaining
the force or velocity of the wind.
AOnem6oOne (?), n. [L. anemone, Gr. ?, fr. ? wind.] 1.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot
family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in
2. (Zo.l.) The sea ~. See Actinia, and Sea anemone.
5 This word is sometimes pronounced ?n??Om??On?, especially
by classical scholars.
An7eOmon6ic (?), a. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous,
crystallizable substance, obtained from, the anemone, or
from anemonin. 
AOnem6oOnin (?), n. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous,
crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of
AOnem6oOny (?), n. See Anemone.
An7eOmorph6iOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? wind + ? lover.] (Bot.)
Fertilized by the agency of the wind; P said of plants in
which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind;
AOnem6oOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Oscope: cf. F.
an.moscope.] An instrument which shows the direction of the
wind; a wind vane; a weathPercock; P usually applied to a
contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the
building with a dial or index with pointers to show the
changes of the wind.
{ AnOen7ceOphal6ic (?), An7enOceph6aOlous (?), } a. [Gr. ?,
priv. + ? the brain: cf. Encephalon.] (Zo.l.) Without a
brain; brainless.
Todd & B.
{ AOnenst6 (?), AOnent6 (?), } prep. [OE. anent, anentis,
anence, anens, anents, AS. onefen, onemn; an, on, on + efen
even, equal; hence meaning, on an equality with, even with,
beside. See Even, a.] [Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 1. Over against;
as, he lives anent the church.
2. About; concerning; in respect; as, he said nothing anent
this particular.
AnOen6terOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? intestine, ? within,
? in.] (Zo.l.) Destitute of a stomach or an intestine.
An6eOroid (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? wet, moist + Ooid: cf. F.] Containing no liquid; P said of kind of
~ barometer, a barometer the action of which depends on the
varying pressure of the atmosphere upon the elastic top of a
metallic box (shaped like a watch) from which the air has
been exhausted. An index shows the variation of pressure.
An6eOroid, n. An ~ barometer.
Anes (?), adv. Once. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
X An7esOthe6siOa (?), n., An7esOthet6ic (?), a. Same as
An.sthesia, An.sthetic.
An6et (?), n. [F. aneth, fr. L. anethum, Gr. ?. See Anise.]
The herb dill, or dillseed.
An6eOthol (?), n. [L. anethum (see Anise) + Ool.] (Chem.) A
substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel,
etc., in the form of soft shinning scales; P called also
anise camphor.
AOnet6ic (?), a. [L. aneticus, Gr. ? relaxing; ? back + ? to
send.] (Med.) Soothing.
An6euOrism (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a widening, an opening; ? up +
? wide.] (Med.) A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing
blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of
the coats of an artery. [Written also aneurysm.]
An7euOris6mal (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to an
aneurism; as, an aneurismal tumor; aneurismal diathesis.
[Written also aneurysmal.]
AOnew6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + new.] Over again; another time;
in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew.

AnOfrac6tuOose7 (?; 135), a. [See Anfractuous.] Anfractuous;
as, anfractuose anthers.
AnOfrac7tuOos6iOty (?), n.; pl. Anfractuosities (?). [Cf. F.
anfractuosit..] 1. A state of being anfractuous, or full of
windings and turnings; sinuosity.
The anfractuosities of his intellect and temper.
2. (Anat.) A sinuous depression or sulcus like those
separating the convolutions of the brain.
AnOfrac6tuOous (?), a. [L. anfractuosus, fr. anfractus a
turning, a winding, fr. the unused anfringere to wind, bend;
anO, for ambO + fractus, p. p. of frangere to break: cf. F.
anfractueux.] Winding; full of windings and turnings;
sinuous; tortuous; as, the anfractuous spires of a born. P
AnOfrac6tuOousOness, n.
AnOfrac6ture (?), n. A mazy winding.
AnOga6riOa6tion (?), n. [LL. angariatio, fr. L. angaria
service to a lord, villenage, fr. anga??us, Gr. ? (a Persian
word), a courier for carrying royal dispatches.] Exaction of
forced service; compulsion. [Obs.]
An7geiOol6oOgy (?), n., An7geiOot6oOmy, etc. Same as
Angiology, Angiotomy, etc.
An6gel (?), n. [AS. .angel, engel, influenced by OF. angele,
angle, F. ange. Both the AS. and the OF. words are from L.
angelus, Gr. ? messenger, a messenger of God, an ~.] 1. A
messenger. [R.]
The dear good angel of the Spring,
The nightingale.
B. Jonson.
2. A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power
and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as
God's messengers.
O, welcome, purePeyed Faith, whitePhanded Hope,
Thou hovering angel, girt with golden wings.
3. One of a class of =fallen angels;8 an evil spirit; as,
the devil and his angels.
4. A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic
churches. [Archaic]
UntoPthe angel of the church of Ephesus write.
Rev. ii. 1.
5. Attendant spirit; genius; demon.
6. An appellation given to a person supposed to be of
angelic goodness or loveliness; a darling.
When pain and anguish wring the brow.
Sir W. Scott.
7. (Numis.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the
figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from 6s.
8d. to 10s.
Amer. Cyc.
5 Angel is sometimes used adjectively; as, angel grace;
angel whiteness.
w bed, a bed without posts. P w fish. (Zo.l.) (a) A species
of shark (Sq??tina angelus) from six to eight feet long,
found on the coasts of Europe and North America. It takes
its name from its pectoral fins, which are very large and
extend horizontally like wings when spread. (b) One of
several species of compressed, bright colored fishes warm
seas, belonging to the family, Ch.todontid.. P w gold,
standard gold. [Obs.] Fuller. P w shark. See Angel fish. P w
shot (Mil.), a kind of chain shot. P w water, a perfumed
liquid made at first chiefly from angelica; afterwards
containing rose, myrtle, and orangePflower waters, with
ambergris, etc. [Obs.] 
An6gelOage (?), n. Existence or state of angels.
An6gelOet (?), n. [OF. angelet.] A small gold coin formerly
current in England; a half angel. 
Eng. Cyc.
An6gel fish. See under Angel. 
An6gelOhood (?), n. The state of being an angel; angelic
Mrs. Browning.
{ AnOgel6ic (?), AnOgel6icOal (?), } a. [L. angelicus, Gr.
?: cf. F. ang.lique.] Belonging to, or proceeding from,
angels; resembling, characteristic of, or partaking of the
nature of, an angel; heavenly; divine. =Angelic harps.8
Thomson.=Angelical actions.8 Hooker.
The union of womanly tenderness and angelic patience.
Angelic Hymn, a very ancient hymn of the Christian Church; P
so called from its beginning with the song of the heavenly
host recorded in Luke ii. 14.
AnOgel6ic, a. [From Angelica.] (Chem.) Of or derived from
angelica; as, angelic acid; angelic ether.
w acid, an acid obtained from angelica and some other
AnOgel6iOca (?), n. [NL. See Angelic.] (Bot.) 1. An aromatic
umbelliferous plant (Archangelica officinalis or Angelica
archangelica) the leaf stalks of which are sometimes candied
and used in confectionery, and the roots and seeds as an
aromatic tonic.
2. The candied leaf stalks of ~.
w tree, a thorny North American shrub (Aralia spinosa),
called also Hercules' club.
AnOgel6icOalOly (?), adv. Like an angel.
AnOgel6icOalOness, n. The quality of being angelic;
excellence more than human.
AnOgel6iOfy (?), v. t. To make like an angel; to angelize.
Farindon (1647).
An6gelOize (?), v. t. To raise to the state of an angel; to
render angelic.
It ought not to be our object to angelize, nor to brutalize,
but to humanize man.
W. Taylor.
An6gelOlike7 (?), a. & adv. Resembling an angel.
An7gelOol6aOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? angel + ? service, worship.]
Worship paid to angels.
An7gelOol6oOgy (?), n. [L. angelus, Gr. ? + Ology.] A
discourse on angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to
The same mythology commanded the general consent; the same
angelology, demonology.
An7gelOoph6aOny (?), n. [Gr. ? angel + ? to appear.] The
actual appearance of an angel to man.
An6geOlot (?), n. [F. angelot, LL. angelotus, angellotus,
dim. of angelus. See Angel.] 1. A French gold coin of the
reign of Louis XI., bearing the image of St. Michael; also,
a piece coined at Paris by the English under Henry VI.
2. An instrument of music, of the lute kind, now disused.
Johnson. R. Browning.
3. A sort of small, rich cheese, made in Normandy.
X An6geOlus (?), n. [L.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A form of devotion
in which three Ave Marias are repeated. It is said at
morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell. (b) The
Angelus bell.
An6ger (?), n. [OE. anger, angre, affliction, ~, fr. Icel.
angr affliction, sorrow; akin to Dan. anger regret, Swed.
.nger regret, AS. ange oppressed, sad, L. angor a
strangling, anguish, angere to strangle, Gr. ? to strangle,
Skr. amhas pain, and to. anguish, anxious, quinsy, and perh.
awe, ugly. The word seems to have orig. meant to choke,
squeeze. ?.] 1. Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or
smart of a sore, etc. [Obs.]
I made the experiment, setting the moxa where... the
greatest anger and soreness still continued.
2. A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism,
excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to one's self
or others, or by the intent to do such injury.
Anger is like
A full not horse, who being allowed his way,
SelfPmettle tires him.
Syn. - Resentment; wrath; rage; fury; passion; ire gall;
choler; indignation; displeasure; vexation; grudge; spleen.
P Anger, Indignation, Resentment, Wrath, Ire, Rage, Fury.
Anger is a feeling of keen displeasure (usually with a
desire to punish) for what we regard as wrong toward
ourselves or others. It may be excessive or misplaced, but
is not necessarily criminal. Indignation is a generous
outburst of ~ in view of things which are indigna, or
unworthy to be done, involving what is mean, cruel,
flagitious, etc., in character or conduct. Resentment is
often a moody feeling, leading one to brood over his
supposed personal wrongs with a deep and lasting ~. See
Resentment. Wrath and ire (the last poetical) express the
feelings of one who is bitterly provoked. Rage is a vehement
ebullition of ~; and fury is an excess of rage, amounting
almost to madness. Warmth of constitution often gives rise
to anger; a high sense of honor creates indignation at
crime; a man of quick sensibilities is apt to cherish
resentment; the wrath and ire of men are often connected
with a haughty and vindictive spirit; rage and fury are
distempers of the soul to be regarded only with abhorrence.
An6ger (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Angered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Angering.] [Cf. Icel. angra.] 1. To make painful; to cause
to smart; to inflame. [Obs.]
He... angereth malign ulcers.
2. To excite to ~; to enrage; to provoke.
Taxes and impositions... which rather angered than grieved
the people.
An6gerOly, adv. Angrily. [Obs.or Poetic]
Why, how now, Hecate! you look angerly.
An6geOvine (?), a. [F. Angevin.] Of or pertaining to Anjou
in France. P n. A native of Anjou. 
X An7giOen6chyOma (?), n. [Gr. ? receptacle + ?. Formed like
Parenchyma.] (Bot.) Vascular tissue of plants, consisting of
spiral vessels, dotted, barred, and pitted ducts, and
laticiferous vessels.
X AnOgi6na (?), n. [L., fr. angere to strangle, to choke.
See Anger, n.] (Med.) Any inflammatory affection of the
throat or faces, as the quinsy, malignant sore throat,
croup, etc., especially such as tends to produce
suffocation, choking, or shortness of breath.
w pectoris (?), a peculiarly painful disease, so named from
a sense of suffocating contraction or tightening of the
lower part of the chest; P called also breast pang, spasm of
the chest.
{ An6giOnous (?), An6giOnose7 (?), } a. (Med.) Pertaining to
angina or angina pectoris.
An6giOoO (?). [Gr. ? vessel receptacle.] A prefix, or
combining form, in numerous compounds, usually relating to
seed or blood vessels, or to something contained in, or
covered by, a vessel.
An7giOoOcar6pous (?), a. [AngioO + Gr. ? fruit.] (Bot.)(a)
Having fruit inclosed within a covering that does not form a
part of itself; as, the filbert covered by its husk, or the
acorn seated in its cupule. Brande & C. (b) Having the seeds
or spores covered, as in certain lichens.
An7giOof6raOphy (?), n. [AngioO + Ography: cf. F.
angiographie.] (Anat.) A description of blood vessels and
An7giOol6oOgy (?), n. [AngioO + Ology.] (Anat.) That part of
anatomy which treats of blood vessels and lymphatics.
X An7giOo6ma (?), n. [AngioO + Ooma.] (Med.) A tumor
composed chiefly of dilated blood vessels.
An7giOoOmon7oOsper6mous (?), a. [AngioO + monospermous.]
(Bot.) Producing one seed only in a seed pod.
An6giOoOscope (?), n. [AngioO + Oscope.] An instrument for
examining the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
An6giOoOsperm (?), n. [AngioO + Gr. ?, ?, seed.] (Bot.) A
plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp.
5 The term is restricted to exogenous plants, and applied to
one of the two grand divisions of these species, the other
division including gymnosperms, or those which have naked
seeds. The oak, apple, beech, etc., are angiosperms, while
the pines, spruce, hemlock, and the allied varieties, are
An7giOoOsper6maOtous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Angiospermous.
An7giOoOsper6mous (?), a. (Bot.) Having seeds inclosed in a
pod or other pericarp.
An7giOos6poOrous (?), a. [AngioO + spore.] (Bot.) Having
spores contained in cells or thec., as in the case of some
An7giOos6toOmous (?), a. [AngioO + Gr. ? mouth.] (Zo.l.)
With a narrow mouth, as the shell of certain gastropods.
An7giOot6oOmy (?), n. [AngioO + Gr. ? a cutting.] (Anat.)
Dissection of the blood vessels and lymphatics of the body.
An6gle (?), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle, corner; akin to
uncus hook, Gr. ? bent, crooked, angular, ? a bend or
hollow, AS. angel hook, fishO

<-- p. 57 -->

hook, G. angel, and F. anchor.] 1. The inclosed space near
the point where two lines; a corner; a nook.
Into the utmost angle of the world.
To search the tenderest angles of the heart.
2. (Geom.) (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet. (b)
The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet,
the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
Though but an angle reached him of the stone.
4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological
=houses.8 [Obs.]
5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish,
consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod.
Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there.
A fisher next his trembling angle bears.
Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than 900.
P Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg common
to both angles. P Alternate angles. See Alternate. P Angle
bar. (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces
of a polygonal or bay window meet. Knight. (b) (Mach.) Same
as Angle iron. P Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or
fixed to the angle of any architectural work, esp. for
protecting an angle of a wall. P Angle brace, Angle tie
(Carp.), a brace across an interior angle of a wooden frame,
forming the hypothenuse and securing the two side pieces
together. Knight. P Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or
plate of iron having one or more angles, used for forming
the corners, or connecting or sustaining the sides of an
iron structure to which it is riveted. P Angle leaf
(Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or less
conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to
strengthen an angle. P Angle meter, an instrument for
measuring angles, esp. for ascertaining the dip of strata. P
Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a
capital or base, or both. P Curvilineal angle, one formed by
two curved lines. P External angles, angles formed by the
sides of any rightPlined figure, when the sides are produced
or lengthened. P Facial angle. See under Facial. P Internal
angles, those which are within any rightPlined figure. P
Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved
line. P Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to
a right angle. P Obtuse angle, one greater than a right
angle, or more than 900. P Optic angle. See under Optic. P 
Rectilineal or RightPlined angle, one formed by two right
lines. P Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on
another perpendicularly, or an angle of 900 (measured by a
quarter circle). P Solid angle, the figure formed by the
meeting of three or more plane angles at one point. P
Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of
great circles, which mutually cut one another on the surface
of a globe or sphere. P Visual angle, the angle formed by
two rays of light, or two straight lines drawn from the
extreme points of an object to the center of the eye. P For
Angles of commutation, draught, incidence, reflection,
refraction, position, repose, fraction, see Commutation,
Draught, Incidence, Reflection, Refraction, etc.
An6gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Angled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Angling (?).] 1. To fish with an angle (fishhook), or with
hook and line.
2. To use some bait or artifice; to intrigue; to scheme; as,
to angle for praise.
The hearts of all that he did angle for.
An6gle, v. t. To try to gain by some insinuating artifice;
to allure. [Obs.] =He angled the people's hearts.8
Sir P. Sidney.
An6gled (?), a. Having an angle or angles; P used in
compounds; as, rightPangled, manyPangled, etc. 
The thrice threePangled beechnut shell.
Bp. Hall.
An6gleOme7ter (?), n. [Angle + Ometer.] An instrument to
measure angles, esp. one used by geologists to measure the
dip of strata. 
An6gler (?), n. 1. One who angles.
2. (Zo.l.) A fish (Lophius piscatorius), of Europe and
America, having a large, broad, and depressed head, with the
mouth very large. Peculiar appendages on the head are said
to be used to entice fishes within reach. Called also
fishing frog, frogfish, toadfish, goosefish, allmouth,
monkfish, etc. 
An6gles (?), n. pl. [L. Angli. See Anglican.] (Ethnol.) An
ancient Low German tribe, that settled in Britain, which
came to be called EnglaPland (Angleland or England). The
Angles probably came from the district of Angeln (now within
the limits of Schleswig), and the country now Lower Hanover,
An6gleOsite (?), n. [From the Isle of Anglesea.] (Min.) A
native sulphate of lead. It occurs in white or yellowish
transparent, prismatic crystals.
An6gleOwise7 (?), adv. [Angle + wise, OE. wise manner.] In
an angular manner; angularly.
An6gleOworm7 (?), n. (Zo.l.) A earthworm of the genus
Lumbricus, frequently used by anglers for bait. See
An6gliOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Angles. P n. One
of the Angles.
An6glic (?), a. Anglian.
An6gliOcan (?), a. [Angli the Angles, a Germanic tribe in
Lower Germany. Cf. English.] 1. English; of or pertaining to
England or the English nation; especially, pertaining to, or
connected with, the established church of England; as, the
Anglican church, doctrine, orders, ritual, etc.
2. Pertaining to, characteristic of, or held by, the high
church party of the Church of England.
An6gliOcan (?), n. 1. A member of the Church of England.
Whether Catholics, Anglicans, or Calvinists.
2. In a restricted sense, a member of the High Church party,
or of the more advanced ritualistic section, in the Church
of England.
An6gliOcanOism (?), n. 1. Strong partiality to the
principles and rites of the Church of England.
2. The principles of the established church of England;
also, in a restricted sense, the doctrines held by the
highPchurch party.
3. Attachment to England or English institutions.
X An6gliOce (?), adv. [NL.] In English; in the English
manner; as, Livorno, Anglice Leghorn.
AnOglic6iOfy (?), v. t. [NL. Anglicus English + Ofly.] To
anglicize. [R.]
An6gliOcism (?), n. [Cf. F. anglicisme.] 1. An English
idiom; a phrase or form language peculiar to the English.
2. The quality of being English; an English characteristic,
custom, or method.
AnOgic6iOty (?), n. The state or quality of being English.
An7gliOciOza6tion (?), n. The act of anglicizing, or making
English in character.
An6gliOcize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglicized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Anglicizing.] To make English; to English; to
anglify; render conformable to the English idiom, or to
English analogies.
An6gliOfy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglified (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Anglifying.] [L. Angli + Ofly.] To convert into
English; to anglicize.
Franklin. Darwin.
An6gling (?), n. The act of one who angles; the art of
fishing with rod and line.
An6gloP (?). [NL. Anglus English. See Anglican.] A combining
form meaning the same as English; or English and, or English
conjoined with; as, AngloPTurkish treaty, AngloPGerman,
AngloPAmerican, a. Of or pertaining to the English and
Americans, or to the descendants of Englishmen in America. P
n. A descendant from English ancestors born in America, or
the United States.
AngloPDanish, a. Of or pertaining to the English and Danes,
or to the Danes who settled in England.
AngloPIndian, a. Of or pertaining to the English in India,
or to the English and East Indian peoples or languages. P n.
One of the ^ race born or resident in the East Indies.
AngloPNorman, a. Of or pertaining to the ^ and Normans, or
to the Normans who settled in England. P n. One of the ^
Normans, or the Normans who conquered England.
AngloPSaxon. See AngloPSaxon in the Vocabulary.
An6gloPCath6oOlic , a,. Of or pertaining to a church modeled
on the English Reformation; Anglican; P sometimes restricted
to the ritualistic or High Church section of the Church of
An6gloPCath6oOlic, n. A member of the Church of England who
contends for its catholic character; more specifically, a
High Churchman.
An6gloOma6niOa (?), n. [AngloO + mania.] A mania for, or an
inordinate attachment to, English customs, institutions,
An7gloOma6niOac, n. One affected with Anglomania.
An7gloOpho6biOa (?), n. [AngloO + Gr. ? fear.] Intense dread
of, or aversion to, England or the English. P An6gloOphobe
(?), n.
An6gloOSax6on (?), n. [L. AngliPSaxones English Saxons.] 1.
A Saxon of Britain, that is, an English Saxon, or one the
Saxons who settled in England, as distinguished from a
continental (or =Old8) Saxon.
2. pl. The Teutonic people (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) of
England, or the English people, collectively, before the
Norman Conquest. 
It is quite correct to call .thelstan =King of the
AngloPSaxons,8 but to call this or that subject of .thelstan
=an AngloPSaxon8 is simply nonsense.
E. A. Freeman.
3. The language of the ^ people before the Conquest
(sometimes called Old English). See Saxon.
4. One of the race or people who claim descent from the
Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic tribes who settled in
England; a person of English descent in its broadest sense.
An6gloPSax6on, a. Of or pertaining to the AngloPSaxons or
their language. 
An6gloPSax6onOdom (?), n. The AngloPSaxon domain (i. e.,
Great Britain and the United States, etc.); the AngloPSaxon
An6gloPSax6onOism (?), n. 1. A characteristic of the
AngloPSaxon race; especially, a word or an idiom of the
AngloPSaxon tongue.
M. Arnold.
2. The quality or sentiment of being AngloPSaxon, or ^ in
its ethnological sense.
AnOgo6la (?), n. [A corruption of Angora.] A fabric made
from the wool of the Angora goat.
AnOgo6la pea7 (?). (Bot.) A tropical plant (Cajanus indicus)
and its edible seed, a kind of pulse; P so called from
Angola in Western Africa. Called also pigeon pea and Congo
X An6gor , n. [L. See Anger.] (Med.) Great anxiety
accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the
belly, often with palpitation and oppression.
AnOgo6ra (?), n. A city of Asia Minor (or Anatolia) which
has given its name to a goat, a cat, etc.
w cat (Zo.l.), a variety of the domestic cat with very long
and silky hair, generally of the brownish white color.
Called also Angola cat. See Cat. P w goat(Zo.l.), a variety
of the domestic goat, reared for its long silky hair, which
is highly prized for manufacture.
An7gosOtu6ra bark6 (?). From Angostura, in Venezuela.] An
aromatic bark used as a tonic, obtained from a South
American of the rue family (Galipea cusparia, or
U. S. Disp.
X An7gou7mois6 moth6 (?; 115). [So named from Angoumois in
France.] (Zo.l.) A small moth (Gelechia cerealella) which is
very destructive to wheat and other grain. The larva eats
out the inferior of the grain, leaving only the shell.
An6griOly (?), adv. In an angry manner; under the influence
of anger.
An6griOness, n. The quality of being angry, or of being
inclined to anger.
Such an angriness of humor that we take fire at everything.
Whole Duty of Man.
An6gry (?), a. [Compar. Angrier (?); superl. Angriest.] [See
Anger.] 1. Troublesome; vexatious; rigorous. [Obs.]
God had provided a severe and angry education to chastise
the forwardness of a young spirit.
Jer. Taylor.
2. Inflamed and painful, as a sore.
3. Touched with anger; under the emotion of anger; feeling
resentment; enraged; P followed generally by with before a
person, and at before a thing.
Be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves.
Gen. xlv. 5.
Wherefore should God be angry at thy voice?
Eccles. v. 6.
4. Showing anger; proceeding from anger; acting as if moved
by anger; wearing the marks of anger; as, angry words or
tones; an angry sky; angry waves. =An angry countenance.8
Prov. xxv. 23.
5. Red. [R.]
Sweet rose, whose hue, angry and brave.
6. Sharp; keen; stimulated. [R.]
I never ate with angrier appetite.
Syn. - Passionate; resentful; irritated; irascible;
indignant; provoked; enraged; incensed; exasperated; irate;
hot; raging; furious; wrathful; wroth; choleric; inflamed;
An6guiOform (?), a. [L. angius snake + Oform.] SnakePshaped.
AnOguil6liOform (?), a. [L. anguilla eel (dim. of anguis
snake) + Oform.] EelPshaped. 
5 The =Anguill.formes8 of Cuvier are fishes related to thee
An6guine (?), a. [L. anguinus, fr. anguis snake.] Of,
pertaining to, or resembling, a snake or serpent. =The
anguine or snakelike reptiles.8
AnOquin6eOal (?), a. Anguineous.
AnOguin6eOous (?), a. [L. anguineus.] Snakelike.
An6guish (?), n. [OE. anguishe, anguise, angoise, F.
angoisse, fr. L. angustia narrowness, difficulty, distress,
fr. angustus narrow, difficult, fr. angere to press
together. See Anger.] Extreme pain, either of body or mind;
excruciating distress.
But they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and
for cruel bondage.
Ex. vi. 9.
Anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child.
Jer. iv. 31.
Rarely used in the plural: P
Ye miserable people, you must go to God in anguishes, and
make your prayer to him.
Syn. - Agony; pang; torture; torment. See Agony.
An6guish, v. t. [Cf. F. angoisser, fr. L. angustiare.] To
distress with extreme pain or grief. [R.]
An6guOlar (?), a. [L. angularis, fr. angulus angle, corner.
See Angle.] 1. Relating to an angle or to angles; having an
angle or angles; forming an angle or corner; sharpPcornered;
pointed; as, an angular figure.
2. Measured by an angle; as, angular distance.
3. Fig.: Lean; lank; rawPboned; ungraceful; sharp and stiff
in character; as, remarkably angular in his habits and
appearance; an angular female.
w aperture, w distance. See Aperture, Distance. P w motion,
the motion of a body about a fixed point or fixed axis, as
of a planet or pendulum. It is equal to the angle passed
over at the point or axis by a line drawn to the body. P w
point, the point at which the sides of the angle meet; the
vertex. P w velocity, the ratio of ~ motion to the time
employed in describing.
An6guOlar, n. (Anat.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of
many birds, reptiles, and fishes.
An7guOlar6iOty (?), n. The quality or state of being
angular; angularness.
An6guOlarOly (?), adv. In an angular manner; with of at
angles or corners.
B. Jonson.
An6guOlarOness, n. The quality of being angular.
{ An6guOlate (?), An6guOla7ted (?), } a. [L. angulatus, p.
p. of angulare to make angular.] Having angles or corners;
angled; as, angulate leaves.
An6guOlate (?), v. t. To make angular.
An7guOla6tion (?), n. A making angular; angular formation.
An6guOloPden6tate (?), a. [L. angulus angle + dens, dentis,
tooth.] (Bot.) Angularly toothed, as certain leaves.
An6guOlom6eOter (?), n. [L. angulus angle + Ometer.] An
instrument for measuring external angles.
An6guOlose7 (?), a. Angulous. [R.]
An7guOlos6iOty (?), n. A state of being angulous or angular.
An6guOlous (?), a. [L. angulosus: cf. F. anguleux.] Angular;
having corners; hooked. [R.]
Held together by hooks and angulous involutions.
AnOgust6 (?), a. [L. angustus. See Anguish.] Narrow; strait.
AnOgus6tate (?), a. [L. angustatus, p. p. of angustare to
make narrow.] Narrowed.
An7gusOta6tion (?), n. The act or making narrow; a
straitening or contacting.

<-- p. 58 ->

{ AnOgus7tiOfo6liOate (?), AnOgus7tiOfo6liOous (?), } a. [L.
angustus narrow (see Anguish) + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having
narrow leaves.
An7gusOtu6ra bark7 (?). See Angostura bark.
X An7gwanOti6bo (?), n. (Zo.l.) A small lemuroid mammal
(Arctocebus Calabarensis) of Africa. It has only a
rudimentary tail.
AnOhang6 (?), v. t. [AS. onhangian.] To hang. [Obs.]
An7harOmon6ic (?), a. [F. anharmonique, fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?
harmonic.] (Math.) Not harmonic.
The ~ function or ratio of four points abcd on a straight
line is the quantity ? : ?, where the segments are to
regarded as plus or minus, according to the order of the
An7heOla6tion (?), n. [L. anhelatio, fr. anhelare to pant;
an (perh. akin to E. on) + halare to breathe: cf. F.
anh.lation.] Short and rapid breathing; a panting; asthma.
AnOhele6 (?), v. i. [Cf. OF. aneler, anheler. See
Anhelation.] To pant; to be breathlessly anxious or eager
(for). [Obs.]
They anhele... for the fruit of our convocation.
An6heOlose (?), a. Anhelous; panting. [R.]
AnOhe6lous (?), a. [L. anhelus.] Short of breath; panting.
X An6hiOma (?), n. [Brazilian name.] A South American
aquatic bird; the horned screamer or kamichi (Palamedea
cornuta). See Kamichi.
X AnOhin6ga (?), n. [Pg.] (Zo.l.) An aquatic bird of the
southern United States (Platus anhinga); the darter, or
AnOhis6tous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? web, tissue: cf. F.
anhiste.] (Biol.) Without definite structure; as, an
anhistous membrane.
AnOhun6gered (?), a. Ahungered; longing. [Archaic]
AnOhy6dride (?), n. [See Anhydrous.] (Chem.) An oxide of a
nonmetallic body or an organic radical, capable of forming
an acid by uniting with the elements of water; P so called
because it may be formed from an acid by the abstraction of
AnOhy6drite (?), n. [See Anhydrous.] (Min.) A mineral of a
white a slightly bluish color, usually massive. It is
anhydrous sulphate of lime, and differs from gypsum in not
containing water (whence the name).
AnOhy6drous (?), a. [Gr. ? wanting water; ? priv. + ?
water.] Destitute of water; as, anhydrous salts or acids.
X A6ni (?) or X A6no (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) A black
bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida
(Crotophaga ani), allied to the cuckoos, and remarkable for
communistic nesting.
X An6iOcut, X An6niOcut (?), n. [Tamil anai kattu dam
building.] A dam or mole made in the course of a stream for
the purpose of regulating the flow of a system of
irrigation. [India]
Brande & C.
AnOid7iOmat6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. idiomatical.]
Not idiomatic. [R.]
{ An6iOent , An7iOen6tise (?), } v. t. [OF. anientir, F.
an.antir.] To frustrate; to bring to naught; to annihilate.
AOnigh6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + nigh.] Nigh. [Archaic]
{ AOnight6 (?), AOnights6 (?), } adv. [OE. on night.
Does he hawk anights still?
An6il (?), n. [F. anil, Sp. anFl, or Pg. anil; all fr. Ar.
anPnFl, for alPnFl the indigo plant, fr. Skr. nFla dark
blue, nFlF indigo, indigo plant. Cf. Lilac.] (Bot.) A West
Indian plant (Indigofera anil), one of the original sources
of indigo; also, the indigo dye.
An6ile (?), a. [L. anilis, fr. anus an old woman.]
OldPwomanish; imbecile. =Anile ideas.8
An6ileOness (?), n. Anility. [R.]
AnOil6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from,
anil; indigotic; P applied to an acid formed by the action
of nitric acid on indigo. [R.]
An6iOlide (?), n. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds which
may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the
hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.
An6iOline (?; 277), n. [See Anil.] (Chem.) An organic base
belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia
in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical
phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained
from indigo by distillation, but now largely manufactured
from coal tar or nitrobenzene as a base from which many
brilliant dyes are made.
An6iOline, a. Made from, or of the nature of, ~. 
AOnil6iOty (?), n. [L. anilitas. See Anile.] The state of
being and old woman; oldPwomanishness; dotage. =Marks of
An7iOmadOver6sal (?), n. The faculty of perceiving; a
percipient. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
An7iOmadOver6sion (?), n. [L. animadversio, fr.
animadvertere: cf. F. animadversion. See Animadvert.] 1. The
act or power of perceiving or taking notice; direct or
simple perception. [Obs.]
The soul is the sole percipient which hath animadversion and
sense, properly so called.
2. Monition; warning. [Obs.]
3. Remarks by way of criticism and usually of censure;
adverse criticism; reproof; blame.
He dismissed their commissioners with severe and sharp
4. Judicial cognizance of an offense; chastisement;
punishment. [Archaic] =Divine animadversions.8
Syn. - Stricture; criticism; censure; reproof; blame;
An7iOmadOver6sive (?), a. Having the power of perceiving;
percipient. [Archaic]
I do not mean there is a certain number of ideas glaring and
shining to the animadversive faculty.
An7iOmadOvert6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Animadverted; p. pr.
& vb. n. Animadverting.] [L. animadvertere; animus mind +
advertere to turn to; ad to + vertere to turn.] 1. To take
notice; to observe; P commonly followed by that.
Dr. H. More.
2. To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to
express censure; P with on or upon.
I should not animadvert on him... if he had not used extreme
severity in his judgment of the incomparable Shakespeare.
3. To take cognizance judicially; to inflict punishment.
Syn. - To remark; comment; criticise; censure.
An7iOmadOvert6er (?), n. One who animadverts; a censurer;
also [Obs.], a chastiser.
An6iOmal (?), n. [L., fr. anima breath, soul: cf. F. animal.
See Animate.] 1. An organized living being endowed with
sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also
characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or
stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air
and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by
increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with
progress to maturity.
2. One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as
distinguished from man; as, men and animals.
An6iOmal, a. [Cf. F. animal.] 1. Of or relating to animals;
as, animal functions.
2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as
distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual
part; as, the animal passions or appetites.
3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food.
w magnetism. See Magnetism and Mesmerism. P w electricity,
the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric
eel, torpedo, etc. P w flower (Zo.l.), a name given to
certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species
of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids,
starfishes, etc. P w heat (Physiol.), the heat generated in
the body of a living ~, by means of which the ~ is kept at
nearly a uniform temperature. P w spirits. See under Spirit.
P w kingdom, the whole class of being endowed with ~ life.
It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are
Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes
intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but
variously arranged by different writers. The following are
the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal
classes under them, generally recognized at the present
time: P
Vertebrata, including Mammalia or Mammals, Aves or Birds,
Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces or Fishes, Marsipobranchiata
(Craniota); and Leptocardia (Acrania).
Tunicata, including the Thaliacea, and Ascidioidea or
Articulata or Annulosa, including Insecta, Myriapoda,
Malacapoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Merostomata, Crustacea
(Arthropoda); and Annelida, Gehyrea (Anarthropoda).
Helminthes or Vermes, including Rotifera, Ch.tognatha,
Nematoidea, Acanthocephala, Nemertina, Turbellaria,
Trematoda, Cestoidea, Mesozea.
Molluscoidea, including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa.
Mollusca, including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda,
Scaphopoda, Lamellibranchiata or Acephala.
Echinodermata, including Holothurioidea, Echinoidea,
Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, and Crinoidea.
C?lenterata, including Anthozoa or Polyps, Ctenophora, and
Hydrozoa or Acalephs.
Spongiozoa or Porifera, including the sponges.
Protozoa, including Infusoria and Rhizopoda.
For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary.
{ An7iOmal6cuOlar (?), An7iOmal6cuOline (?), } a. Of,
pertaining to, or resembling, animalcules. =Animalcular
An7iOmal6cule (?), n. [As if fr. a L. animalculum, dim. of
animal.] 1. A small animal, as a fly, spider, etc. [Obs.]
2. (Zo.l.) An animal, invisible, or nearly so, to the naked
eye. See Infusoria.
5 Many of the soPcalled animalcules have been shown to be
plants, having locomotive powers something like those of
animals. Among these are Volvox, the Desmidiac., and the
siliceous Diatomace..
Spermatic animalcules. See Spermatozoa.
An7iOmal6cuOlism (?), n. [Cf. F. animalculisme.] (Biol.) The
theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and
pathological by means of animalcules.
An7iOmal6cuOlist (?), n. [Cf. F. animalculiste.] 1. One
versed in the knowledge of animalcules.
2. A believer in the theory of animalculism.
X An7iOmal6cuOlum (?), n.; pl. Animalcula (?). [NL. See
Animalcule.] An animalcule.
5 Animalcul., as if from a Latin singular animalcula, is a
An6iOmalOish (?), a. Like an animal.
An6iOmalOism (?), n. [Cf. F. animalisme.] The state,
activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without
intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality.
An7iOmal6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. animalit..] Animal existence
or nature.
An7OmalOiOza6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. animalisation.] 1. The act
of animalizing; the giving of animal life, or endowing with
animal properties.
2. Conversion into animal matter by the process of
An6iOmalOize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Animalized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Animalizing.] [Cf. F. animaliser.] 1. To endow with
the properties of an animal; to represent in animal form.
2. To convert into animal matter by the processes of
3. To render animal or sentient; to reduce to the state of a
lower animal; to sensualize.
The unconscious irony of the Epicurean poet on the
animalizing tendency of his own philosophy.
An6iOmalOly, adv. Physically.
G. Eliot.
An6iOmalOness, n. Animality. [R.]
An7iOmas6tic (?), a. [L. anima breath, life.] Pertaining to
mind or spirit; spiritual.
An7iOmas6tic, n. Psychology. [Obs.]
An6iOmate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Animated; p. pr. & vb. n.
Animating.] [L. animatus, p. p. of animare, fr. anima
breath, soul; akin to animus soul, mind, Gr. ? wind, Skr. an
to breathe, live, Goth. usPanan to expire (usO out), Icel.
.nd breath, anda to breathe, OHG. ando anger. Cf. Animal.]
1. To give natural life to; to make alive; to quicken; as,
the soul animates the body.
2. To give powers to, or to heighten the powers or effect
of; as, to animate a lyre.
3. To give spirit or vigor to; to stimulate or incite; to
inspirit; to rouse; to enliven.
The more to animate the people, he stood on high... and
cried unto them with a loud voice.
Syn. - To enliven; inspirit; stimulate; exhilarate; inspire;
instigate; rouse; urge; cheer; prompt; incite; quicken;
An6iOmate (?), a. [L. animatus, p. p.] Endowed with life;
alive; living; animated; lively.
The admirable structure of animate bodies.
An6iOma7ted (?), a. Endowed with life; full of life or
spirit; indicating animation; lively; vigorous. =Animated
sounds.8 Pope. =Animated bust.8 Gray. =Animated
descriptions.8 Lewis.
An6iOma7tedOly, adv. With animation.
An6iOma7ter (?), n. One who animates.
De Quincey.
An6iOma6ting, a. Causing animation; lifePgiving;
inspiriting; rousing. =Animating cries.8 Pope. P
An6iOma7tingOly, adv.
An7iOma6tion (?), n. [L. animatio, fr. animare.] 1. The act
of animating, or giving life or spirit; the state of being
animate or alive.
The animation of the same soul quickening the whole frame.
Bp. Hall.
Perhaps an inanimate thing supplies me, while I am speaking,
with whatever I posses of animation.
2. The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and
vigor; vivacity; spiritedness; as, he recited the story with
great animation.
Suspended ~, temporary suspension of the vital functions, as
in persons nearly drowned.
Syn. - Liveliness; vivacity; spirit; buoyancy; airiness;
sprightliness; promptitude; enthusiasm; ardor; earnestness;
energy. See Liveliness.
An6iOmaOtive (?), aHaving the power of giving life or
An6iOma7tor (?), n. [L. animare.] One who, or that which,
animates; an animater.
Sir T. Browne.
X A6niOme7 (?), a. [F., animated.] (Her.) Of a different
tincture from the animal itself; P said of the eyes of a
rapacious animal.
Brande & C.
X A6niOme (?), n. [F. anim. animated (from the insects that
are entrapped in it); or native name.] A resin exuding from
a tropical American tree (Hymen.a courbaril), and much used
by varnish makers.
An6iOmism (?), n. [Cf. F. animisme, fr. L. anima soul. See
Animate.] 1. The doctrine, taught by Stahl, that the soul is
the proper principle of life and development in the body.
2. The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of
nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul;
also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of
soul or spirit apart from matter.
An6iOmist (?), n. [Cf. F. animiste.] One who maintains the
doctrine of animism.
An7iOmis6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to animism.
Huxley. Tylor.
{ An7iOmose6 (?), An6iOmous (?), } a. [L. animosus, fr.
animus soul, spirit, courage.] Full of spirit; hot;
vehement; resolute. [Obs.]
An7iOmose6ness (?), n. Vehemence of temper. [Obs.]
An7iOmos6iOty (?), n.; pl. Animosities (?). [F. animosit.,
fr. L. animositas. See Animose, Animate, v. t.] 1. Mere
spiritedness or courage. [Obs.]
Such as give some proof of animosity, audacity, and
execution, those she [the crocodile] loveth.
2. Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active
enmity; energetic dislike.
Syn. - Enmity; hatred; opposition. P Animosity, Enmity.
Enmity be dormant or concealed; animosity is active enmity,
inflamed by collision and mutual injury between opposing
parties. The animosities which were continually springing up
among the clans in Scotland kept that kingdom in a state of
turmoil and bloodshed for successive ages. The animosities
which have been engendered among Christian sects have always
been the reproach of the church.
Such [writings] s naturally conduce to inflame hatreds and
make enmities irreconcilable.
[These] factions... never suspended their animosities till
they ruined that unhappy government.
An6iOmus (?), n.; pl. Animi (?). [L., mind.] Animating
spirit; intention; temper.
X w furandi [L.] (Law), intention of stealing.
An6iOon (?), n. [Gr. ?, neut. ?, p. pr. of ? to go up; ? up
+ ? to go.] (Chem.)

<-- p. 59 -->

An electroPnegative element, or the element which, in
electroPchemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; P
opposed to cation.
An6ise (?), n. [OE. anys, F. anis, L. anisum, anethum, fr.
Gr. ?, ?.] 1. (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant (Pimpinella
anisum) growing naturally in Egypt, and cultivated in Spain,
Malta, etc., for its carminative and aromatic seeds.
2. The fruit or seeds of this plant.
An6iOseed (?), n. The seed of the anise; also, a cordial
prepared from it. =Oil of aniseed.8
Brande & C.
X An7iOsette6 (?), n. [F.] A French cordial or liqueur
flavored with anise seeds.
De Colange.
AOnis6ic (?), a. Of or derived from anise; as, anisic acid;
anisic alcohol.
{ X An7iOsoOdac6tyOla (?), An7iOsoOdac6tyls (?), } n. pl.
[NL. anisodactyla, fr. Gr. ? unequal (? priv. + ? equal) + ?
finger.] (Zo.l.) (a) A group of herbivorous mammals
characterized by having the hoofs in a single series around
the foot, as the elephant, rhinoceros, etc. (b) A group of
perching birds which are anisodactylous.
An7iOsoOdac6tyOlous (?), (a) (Zo.l.) Characterized by
unequal toes, three turned forward and one backward, as in
most passerine birds.
An7iOsoOmer6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? part.] (Chem.)
Not isomeric; not made of the same components in the same
An7iOsom6erOous (?), a. [See Anisomeric.] (Bot.) Having the
number of floral organs unequal, as four petals and six
An7iOsoOmet6ric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. isometric.] Not
isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; P said of crystals
with three unequal axes.
An7iOsoOpet6alOous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having unequal petals.
An7iOsoph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having unequal leaves.
X An7iOsoOpleu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unequal + ?
side.] (Zo.l.) A primary division of gastropods, including
those having spiral shells. The two sides of the body are
unequally developed.
X An7iOsop6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unequal +
Opoda.] (Zo.l.) A division of Crustacea, which, in some its
characteristics, is intermediate between Amphipoda and
An7iOsoOstem6oOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? warp, thread;
? to stand.] (Bot.) Having unequal stamens; having stamens
different in number from the petals.
An7iOsoOsthen6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? strength.] Of
unequal strength.
{ An6iOsoOtrope7 (?), An7iOsoOtrop6ic (?), } a. [Gr. ?
unequal + ? a turning, ? to turn.] (Physics) Not isotropic;
having different properties in different directions; thus,
crystals of the isometric system are optically isotropic,
but all other crystals are anisotropic.
An7iOsot6roOpous (?), a. Anisotropic.
An6ker (?), n. [D. anker: cf. LL. anceria, ancheria.] A
liquid measure in various countries of Europe. The Dutch
anker, formerly also used in England, contained about 10 of
the old wine gallons, or 8? imperial gallons.
An6kerOite (?), n. [So called from Prof. Anker of Austria:
cf. F. ank.rite, G. ankerit.] (Min.) A mineral closely
related to dolomite, but containing iron.
An6kle (?), n. [OE. ancle, anclow, AS. ancleow; akin to
Icel. .kkla, .kli, Dan. and Sw. ankel, D. enklaauw, enkel,
G. enkel, and perh. OHG. encha, ancha thigh, shin: cf. Skr.
anga limb, anguri finger. Cf. Haunch.] The joint which
connects the foot with the leg; the tarsus.
w bone, the bone of the ~; the astragalus.
An6kled (?), a.Having ankles; P used in composition; as,
Beau. & Fl.
An6klet (?), n. An ornament or a fetter for the ankle; an
ankle ring.
An6kyOlose (?), v. t. & i. Same as Anchylose.
X An7kyOlo6sis (?), n. Same as Anchylosis.
An6lace (?), n. [Origin unknown.] A broad dagger formerly
worn at the girdle. [Written also anelace.]
{ Ann (?), An6nat (?), } n. [LL. annata income of a year,
also, of half a year, fr. L. annus year: cf. F. annate
annats.] (Scots Law) A half years's stipend, over and above
what is owing for the incumbency, due to a minister's heirs
after his decease.
X An6na (?), n. [Hindi >n>.] An East Indian money of
account, the sixteenth of a rupee, or about 2? cents.
An6nal (?), n. See Annals.
An6nalOist, n. [Cf. F. annaliste.] A writer of annals. 
The monks... were the only annalists in those ages.
An7nalOis6tic (?), a. Pertaining to, or after the manner of,
an annalist; as, the dry annalistic style.=A stiff
annalistic method.8
Sir G. C. Lewis.
An6nalOize (?), v. t. To record in annals.
An6nals (?), n. pl. [L. annalis (sc. liber), and more
frequently in the pl. annales (sc. libri), chronicles, fr.
annus year. Cf. Annual.] 1. A relation of events in
chronological order, each event being recorded under the
year in which it happened. =Annals the revolution.8
Macaulay. =The annals of our religion.8 Rogers.
2. Historical records; chronicles; history.
The short and simple annals of the poor.
It was one of the most critical periods in our annals.
3. sing. The record of a single event or item. =In deathless
4. A periodic publication, containing records of
discoveries, transactions of societies, etc.; =Annals of
Syn. - History. See History.
{ An6nats (?), An6nates (?), } n. pl. [See Ann.] (Eccl. Law)
The first year's profits of a spiritual preferment,
anciently paid by the clergy to the pope; first fruits. In
England, they now form a fund for the augmentation of poor
AnOneal6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annealed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annealing.] [OE. anelen to heat, burn, AS. an?lan; an on
+ ?lan to burn; also OE. anelen to enamel, prob. influenced
by OF. neeler, nieler, to put a black enamel on gold or
silver, F. nieller, fr. LL. nigellare to blacken, fr. L.
nigellus blackish, dim. of niger black. Cf. Niello, Negro.]
1. To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly, as glass,
cast iron, steel, or other metal, for the purpose of
rendering it less brittle; to temper; to toughen.
2. To heat, as glass, tiles, or earthenware, in order to fix
the colors laid on them.
AnOneal6er (?), n. One who, or that which, anneals.
AnOneal6ing, n. 1. The process used to render glass, iron,
etc., less brittle, performed by allowing them to cool very
gradually from a high heat.
2. The burning of metallic colors into glass, earthenware,
AnOnec6tent (?), a. [L. annectere to tie or bind to. See
Annex.] Connecting; annexing.
{ An7neOlid (?), AnOnel6iOdan (?), } a. [F. ann.lide, fr.
anneler to arrange in rings, OF. anel a ring, fr. L. anellus
a ring, dim. of annulus a ring.] (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to
the Annelida. P n. One of the Annelida.
X AnOnel6iOda (?), n. pl. [NL. See Annelid.] (Zo.l.) A
division of the Articulata, having the body formed of
numerous rings or annular segments, and without jointed
legs. The principal subdivisions are the Ch.topoda,
including the Oligoch.ta or earthworms and Polych.ta or
marine worms; and the Hirudinea or leeches. See Ch.topoda. 
AnOnel6iOdous (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of the nature of an annelid.
X An7nelOla6ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) See Annelida.
An6neOloid (?), n. [F. annel. ringed + Ooid.] (Zo.l.) An
animal resembling an annelid.
AnOnex6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annexed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annexing.] [F. annexer, fr. L. annexus, p. p. of
annectere to tie or bind to; ad + nectere to tie, to fasten
together, akin to Skr. nah to bind.] 1. To join or attach;
usually to subjoin; to affix; to append; P followed by to.
=He annexed a codicil to a will.8
2. To join or add, as a smaller thing to a greater.
He annexed a province to his kingdom.
3. To attach or connect, as a consequence, condition, etc.;
as, to annex a penalty to a prohibition, or punishment to
Syn. - To add; append; affix; unite; coalesce. See Add.
AnOnex6, v. i. To join; to be united.
AnOnex6 (?), n. [F. annexe, L. annexus, neut. annexum, p. p.
of annectere.] Something annexed or appended; as, an
additional stipulation to a writing, a subsidiary building
to a main building; a wing.
An7nexOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. annexation. See Annex, v. t.]
1. The act of annexing; process of attaching, adding, or
appending; the act of connecting; union; as, the annexation
of Texas to the United States, or of chattels to the
2. (a) (Law) The union of property with a freehold so as to
become a fixture. Bouvier. (b) (Scots Law) The appropriation
of lands or rents to the crown.
An7nexOa6tionOist, n. One who favors annexation.
AnOnex6er (?), n. One who annexes.
AnOnex6ion (?), n. [L. annexio a tying to, connection: cf.
F. annexion.] Annexation. [R.]
AnOnex6ionOist, n. An annexationist. [R.]
AnOnex6ment (?), n. The act of annexing, or the thing
annexed; appendage. [R.]
AnOni6hiOlaOble (?), a. Capable of being annihilated.
AnOni6hiOlate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annihilated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Annihilating.] [ L. annihilare; ad + nihilum, nihil,
nothing, ne hilum (filum) not a thread, nothing at all. Cf.
File, a row.] 1. To reduce to nothing or nonexistence; to
destroy the existence of; to cause to cease to be.
It impossible for any body to be utterly annihilated.
2. To destroy the form or peculiar distinctive properties
of, so that the specific thing no longer exists; as, to
annihilate a forest by cutting down the trees. =To
annihilate the army.8
3. To destroy or eradicate, as a property or attribute of a
thing; to make of no effect; to destroy the force, etc., of;
as, to annihilate an argument, law, rights, goodness.
AnOni6hiOlate (?), a. Anhilated. [Archaic] 
AnOni7hiOla6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. annihilation.] 1. The act
of reducing to nothing, or nonexistence; or the act of
destroying the form or combination of parts under which a
thing exists, so that the name can no longer be applied to
it; as, the annihilation of a corporation.
2. The state of being annihilated.
AnOni7hiOla6tionOist, n. (Theol.) One who believes that
eternal punishment consists in annihilation or extinction of
being; a destructionist.
AnOni6hiOlaOtive (?), a. Serving to annihilate; destructive.
AnOni6hiOla7tor (?), n. One who, or that which, annihilates;
as, a fire annihilator.
AnOni6hiOlaOtoOry (?), a. Annihilative.
An7niOver6saOriOly (?), adv. Annually. [R.]
Bp. Hall.
An7niOver6saOry (?), a. [L. anniversarius; annus year +
vertere, versum, to turn: cf. F. anniversaire.] Returning
with the year, at a stated time ? annual; yearly; as, an
anniversary feast.
w day (R. C. Ch.). See Anniversary, n., 2. P w week, that
week in the year in which the annual meetings of religious
and benevolent societies are held in Boston and New York.
[Eastern U. S.]
An7niOver6saOry, n. pl. Anniversaries (?). [Cf. F.
anniversaire.] 1. The annual return of the day on which any
notable event took place, or is wont to be celebrated; as,
the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.
2. (R. C. Ch.) The day on which Mass is said yearly for the
soul of a deceased person; the commemoration of some sacred
event, as the dedication of a church or the consecration of
a pope.
3. The celebration which takes place on an anniversary day.
An6niOverse (?), n. [L. anni versus the turning of a year.]
Anniversary. [Obs.]

An6noOda7ted (?), a. [L. ad to + nodus a knot.] (Her.)
Curved somewhat in the form of the letter S.
X An6no Dom6iOni (?). [L., in the year of [our] Lord [Jesus
Christ]; usually abbrev. a. d.] In the year of the Christian
era; as, a. d. 1887.
AnOnom6iOnate (?), v. t. To name. [R.]
AnOnom7iOna6tion (?), n. [L. annominatio. See Agnomination.]
1. Paronomasia; punning.
2. Alliteration. [Obs.]
An6noOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annotated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Annotating.] [L. annotatus; p. p. of annotare to ~; ad +
notare to mark, nota mark. See Note, n.] To explain or
criticize by notes; as, to annotate the works of Bacon.
An6noOtate, v. i. To make notes or comments; P with on or
An7noOta6tion (?), n. [L. annotatio: cf. F. annotation.] A
note, added by way of comment, or explanation; P usually in
the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word
or a passage.
An7noOta6tionOist, n. An annotator. [R.]
An6noOtaOtive (?), a. Characterized by annotations; of the
nature of annotation.
An6noOta7tor (?), n. [L.] A writer of annotations; a
AnOno6taOtoOry (?), a. Pertaining to an annotator;
containing annotations. [R.]
An6noOtine (?), n. [L. annotinus a year old.] (Zo.l.) A bird
one year old, or that has once molted.
AnOnot6iOnous (?), a. [L. annotinus, fr. annus year.] (Bot.)
A year old; in Yearly growths.
AnOnot6to (?), ArOnot6to (?), n. [Perh. the native name.] A
red or yellowishPred dyeing material, prepared from the pulp
surrounding the seeds of a tree (Bixa orellana) belonging to
the tropical regions of America. It is used for coloring
cheese, butter, etc. [Written also Anatto, Anatta, Annatto,
Annotta, etc.]
AnOnounce6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Announced (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Announcing (?).] [OF. anoncier, F. annoncer, fr. L.
annuntiare; ad + nuntiare to report, relate, nuntius
messenger, bearer of news. See Nuncio, and cf. Annunciate.] 
1. To give public notice, or first notice of; to make known;
to publish; to proclaim.
Her [Q. Elizabeth's] arrival was announced trough the
country a peal of cannon from the ramparts.
2. To pronounce; to declare by judicial sentence.
Publish laws, announce
Or life or death.
Syn. - To proclaim; publish; make known; herald; declare;
promulgate. P To Publish, Announce, Proclaim, Promulgate. We
publish what we give openly to the world, either by oral
communication or by means of the press; as, to publish
abroad the faults of our neighbors. We announce what we
declare by anticipation, or make known for the first time;
as, to announce the speedy publication of a book; to
announce the approach or arrival of a distinguished
personage. We proclaim anything to which we give the widest
publicity; as, to proclaim the news of victory. We
promulgate when we proclaim more widely what has before been
known by some; as, to promulgate the gospel. 
AnOnounce6ment (?), n. The act of announcing, or giving
notice; that which announces; proclamation; publication.
AnOnoun6cer (?), n. One who announces.
AnOnoy6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annoyed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annoying.] [OE. anoien, anuien, OF. anoier, anuier, F.
ennuyer, fr. OF. anoi, anui, enui, annoyance, vexation, F.
ennui. See Annoy, 

<-- p. 60 -->

n.] To disturb or irritate, especially by continued or
repeated acts; to tease; to ruffle in mind; to vex; as, I
was annoyed by his remarks.
Say, what can more our tortured souls annoy
Than to behold, admire, and lose our joy?
2. To molest, incommode, or harm; as, to annoy an army by
impeding its march, or by a cannonade.
Syn. - To molest; vex; trouble; pester; embarrass; perplex;
AnOnoy6 (?), n. [OE. anoi, anui, OF. anoi, anui, enui, fr.
L. in odio hatred (esse alicui in odio, Cic.). See Ennui,
Odium, Noisome, Noy.] A feeling of discomfort or vexation
caused by what one dislike; also, whatever causes such a
feeling; as, to work annoy.
Worse than Tantalus' is her annoy.
AnOnoy6ance (?), n. [OF. anoiance, anuiance.] 1. The act of
annoying, or the state of being annoyed; molestation;
vexation; annoy.
A deep clay, giving much annoyance to passengers.
For the further annoyance and terror of any besieged place,
? would throw into it dead bodies.
2. That which annoys.
A grain, a dust, a gnat, a wandering hair,
Any annoyance in that precious sense.
AnOnoy6er (?), n. One who, or that which, annoys.
AnOnoy6ful (?), a. Annoying. [Obs.]
AnOnoy6ing, a. That annoys; molesting; vexatious. P
AnOnoy6ingOly, adv.
AnOnoy6ous (?), a. [OF. enuius, anoios.] Troublesome;
annoying. [Obs.]
An6nuOal (?; 135), a. [OE. annuel, F. annuel, fr. L.
annualis, fr. annus year. Cf. Annals.] 1. Of or pertaining
to a year; returning every year; coming or happening once in
the year; yearly.
The annual overflowing of the river [Nile].
2. Performed or accomplished in a year; reckoned by the
year; as, the annual motion of the earth.
A thousand pound a year, annual support.
2. Lasting or continuing only one year or one growing
season; requiring to be renewed every year; as, an annual
plant; annual tickets.
An6nuOal, n. 1. A thing happening or returning yearly; esp.
a literary work published once a year.
2. Anything, especially a plant, that lasts but one year or
season; an ~ plant.
Oaths... in some sense almost annuals;... and I myself can
remember about forty different sets.
3. (R. C. Ch.) A Mass for a deceased person or for some
special object, said daily for a year or on the anniversary
An6nuOalOist, n. One who writers for, or who edits, an
annual. [R.]
An6nuOalOly, adv. Yearly; year by year.
An6nuOaOry (?), a. [Cf. F. annuaire.] Annual. [Obs.] P n. A
An6nuOelOer (?), n. A priest employed in saying annuals, or
anniversary Masses. [Obs.]
An6nuOent (?), a. [L. annuens, p. pr. of annuere; ad + nuere
to nod.] Nodding; as, annuent muscles (used in nodding).
AnOnu6iOtant (?), n. [See Annuity.] One who receives, or its
entitled to receive, an annuity.
AnOnu6iOty (?), n.; pl. Annuities (?). [LL. annuitas, fr. L.
annus year: cf. F. annuit..] A sum of money, payable yearly,
to continue for a given number of years, for life, or
forever; an annual allowance.
AnOnul6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annulled (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annulling.] [F. annuler, LL. annullare, annulare, fr. L.
ad to + nullus none, nullum, neut., nothing. See Null, a.]
1. To reduce to nothing; to obliterate.
Light, the prime work of God, to me's extinct.
And all her various objects of delight
2. To make void or of no effect; to nullify; to abolish; to
do away with; P used appropriately of laws, decrees, edicts,
decisions of courts, or other established rules, permanent
usages, and the like, which are made void by component
Do they mean to annul laws of inestimable value to our
Syn. - To abolish; abrogate; repeal; cancel; reverse;
rescind; revoke; nullify; destroy. See Abolish.
An6nuOlar (?), a. [L. annularis, fr. annulis ring: cf. F.
annulaire.] 1. Pertaining to, or having the form of, a ring;
forming a ring; ringed; ringPshaped; as, annular fibers.
2. Banded or marked with circles.
w eclipse (Astron.), an eclipse of the sun in which the moon
at the middle of the eclipse conceals the central part of
the sun's disk, leaving a complete ring of light around the
An7nuOlar6iOty (?), n. Annular condition or form; as, the
annularity of a nebula.
J. Rogers.
An6nuOlarOry, adv. In an annular manner.
An6nuOlaOry (?), a. [L. annularis. See Annular.] Having the
form of a ring; annular.
X An7nuOla6ta (?), n. pl. [Neut. pl., fr. L. annulatus
ringed.] (Zo.l.) A class of articulate animals, nearly
equivalent to Annelida, including the marine annelids,
earthworms, Gephyrea, Gymnotoma, leeches, etc. See Annelida.
An6nuOlate (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of the Annulata.
{ An6nuOlate , An6nuOla7ted (?) } a. [L. annulatus.] 1.
Furnished with, or composed of, rings; ringed; surrounded by
rings of color.
2. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the Annulata.
An7nuOla6tion (?), n. A circular or ringlike formation; a
ring or belt.
An6nuOlet (?), n. [Dim. of annulus.] 1. A little ring.
2. (Arch.) A small, flat fillet, encircling a column, etc.,
used by itself, or with other moldings. It is used, several
times repeated, under the Doric capital. 
3. (Her.) A little circle borne as a charge.
4. (Zo.l.) A narrow circle of some distinct color on a
surface or round an organ.
AnOnul6laOble (?), a. That may be Annulled.
AnOnul6ler (?), n. One who annulus. [R.]
AnOnul6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. annulement.] The act of
annulling; abolition; invalidation.
An6nuOloid (?), a.(Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
X An7nuOloid6a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. annulus ring +
Ooid.] (Zo.l.) A division of the Articulata, including the
annelids and allie? groups; sometimes made to include also
the helmint?s and echinoderms. [Written also Annuloidea.]
X An6nuOlo6sa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) A division of the
Invertebrata, nearly equivalent to the Articulata. It
includes the Arthoropoda and Anarthropoda. By some
zo.logists it is applied to the former only.
An7nuOlo6san (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of the Annulosa.
An6nuOlose7 (?; 277), a. [L. annulus ring.] 1. Furnished
with, or composed of, rings or ringlike segments; ringed.
2. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the Annulosa.
X An6nuOlus (?), n.; pl. Annuli (?). [L.] 1. A ring; a
ringlike part or space.
2. (Geom.) (a) A space contained between the circumferences
of two circles, one within the other. (b) The solid formed
by a circle revolving around a line which is the plane of
the circle but does not cut it.
3.(Zo.l.) RingPshaped structures or markings, found in, or
upon, various animals.
AnOnu6merOate (?), v. t. [L. annumeratus, p. p. of
annumerare. See Numerate.] To add on; to count in. [Obs.]
AnOnu7merOa6tion (?), n. [L. annumeratio.] Addition to a
former number. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AnOnun6ciOaOble (?), a. That may be announced or declared;
declarable. [R.]
AnOnun6ciOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annunciated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Annunciating.] [L. annuntiare. See Announce.] To
AnOnun6ciOate (?), p. p. & a. Foretold; preannounced. [Obs.]
AnOnun7ciOa6tion (?; 277), n. [L. annuntiatio: cf. F.
annonciation.] 1. The act of announcing; announcement;
proclamation; as, the annunciation of peace.
2. (Eccl.) (a) The announcement of the incarnation, made by
the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary. (b) The festival
celebrated (March 25th) by the Church of England, of Rome,
etc., in memory of the angel's announcement, on that day;
Lady Day.
AnOnun6ciOaOtive (?), a. Pertaining to annunciation;
announcing. [R.]
Dr. H. More.
An nun6ciOa7tor (?), n. [L. annuntiator.] 1. One who
announces. Specifically: An officer in the church of
Constantinople, whose business it was to inform the people
of the festivals to be celebrated.
2. An indicator (as in a hotel) which designates the room
where attendance is wanted.
AnOnun6ciOaOtoOry (?), a. Pertaining to, or containing,
announcement; making known. [R.]
X AOnoa6 (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) A small wild ox of
Celebes (Anoa depressicornis), allied to the buffalo, but
having long nearly straight horns.
An6ode (?), n. [Gr. ? up + ? way.] (Elec.) The positive pole
of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by
which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the
other pole; P opposed to cathode.
X An6oOdon (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? toothless; ? priv. + ?,
?, a tooth.] (Zo.l.) A genus of freshPwater bivalves, having
to teeth at the hinge. [Written also Anodonta.]
An6oOdyne (?), a. [L. anodynus, Gr. ? free from pain,
stilling pain; ? priv. + ? pain: cf. F. anodin.] Serving to
assuage pain; soothing.
The anodyne draught of oblivion.
5 =The word [in a medical sense] in chiefly applied to the
different preparations of opium, belladonna, hyoscyamus, and
Am. Cyc.
An6oOdyne, n. [L. anodyon. See Anodyne, a.] Any medicine
which allays pain, as an opiate or narcotic; anything that
soothes disturbed feelings.
An6oOdy7nous (?), a. Anodyne.
AOnoil6 (?), v. t. [OF. enoilier.] The anoint with oil.
AOnoint6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anointed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Anointing.] [OF. enoint, p. p. of enoindre, fr. L. inungere;
in + ungere, unguere, to smear, anoint. See Ointment,
Unguent.] 1. To smear or rub over with oil or an unctuous
substance; also, to spread over, as oil.
And fragrant oils the stiffened limbs anoint.

He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay.
John ix. 6.
2. To apply oil to or to pour oil upon, etc., as a sacred
rite, especially for consecration.
Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his
[Aaron's] head and anoint him.
Exod. xxix. 7.
Anoint Hazael to be king over Syria.
1 Kings xix. 15.
The Lord6s Anointed, Christ or the Messiah; also, a Jewish
or other king by =divine right.8
1 Sam. xxvi. 9.
AOnoint6, p. p. Anointed. [Obs.]
AOnoit6er (?), n. One who anoints.
AOnoint6ment (?), n. The act of anointing, or state of being
anointed; also, an ointment.
X AOno6lis (?), n. [In the Antilles, anoli, anoalli, a
lizard.] (Zo.l.) A genus of lizards which belong to the
family Iguanid.. They take the place in the New World of the
chameleons in the Old, and in America are often called
AOnom6al (?), n. Anything anomalous. [R.]
{ AOnom6aOliOped (?)(?), AOnom6aOliOpede (?), } a. [L.
anomalus irregular + pes, pedis, foot.] Having anomalous
AOnom6aOliOped, n. (Zo.l.) One of a group of perching birds,
having the middle toe more or less united to the outer and
inner ones. 
AOnom6aOlism (?), n. An anomaly; a deviation from rule.
{ AOnom7aOlis6tic (?), AOnom7aOlis6ticOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
anomalistique.] 1. Irregular; departing from common or
established rules.
2. (Astron.) Pertaining to the anomaly, or angular distance
of a planet from its perihelion.
Anomalistic month. See under Month. P Anomalistic
revolution, the period in which a planet or satellite goes
through the complete cycles of its changes of anomaly, or
from any point in its elliptic orbit to the same again. P
Anomalistic, or Periodical year. See under Year.
AOnom7aOlis6ticOalOly, adv. With irregularity.
AOnom7aOloOflo6rous (?), a. [L. anomalus irregular + flos,
floris, flower.] (Bot.)Having anomalous flowers.
AOnom6aOlous (?), a [L. anomalus, Gr. ? uneven, irregular; ?
priv. + ? even, ? same. See Same, and cf. Abnormal.]
Deviating from a general rule, method, or analogy; abnormal;
irregular; as, an anomalousproceeding.
AOnom6aOlousOly, adv. In an anomalous manner.
AOnom6aOlousOness, n. Quality of being anomalous.
AOnom6aOly (?), n.; pl. Anomalies (?). [L. anomalia, Gr. ?.
See Anomalous.] 1. Deviation from the common rule; an
irregularity; anything anomalous.
We are enabled to unite into a consistent whole the various
anomalies and contending principles that are found in the
minds and affairs of men.
As Professor Owen has remarked, there is no greater anomaly
in nature than a bird that can no fly.
2. (Astron.) (a) The angular distance of a planet from its
perihelion, as seen from the sun. This is the true ~. The
eccentric ~ is a corresponding angle at the center of the
elliptic orbit of the planet. The mean ~ is what the ~ would
be if the planet's angular motion were uniform. (b) The
angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion of a
3. (Nat. Hist.) Any deviation from the essential
characteristics of a specific type.
X AOno6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? irregular; ? priv. + ?
law.] (Zo.l.) A genus of bivalve shells, allied to the
oyster, so called from their unequal valves, of which the
lower is perforated for attachment.
An7oOmoph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? irregular + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having leaves irregularly placed.
{ X An7oOmu6ra (?), X An7oOmou6ra (?), } n. pl. [NL., fr.
Gr. ? lawless + ? tail.] (Zo.l.) A group of decapod
Crustacea, of which the hermit crab in an example. 
{ An7oOmu6ral (?), An7oOmu6ran (?), } a. Irregular in the
character of the tail or abdomen; as, the anomural
crustaceans. [Written also anomoural, anomouran.]
An7oOmu6ran, n. (Zo.l.) One of the Anomura. 
An6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?. See Anomia.] Disregard or violation
of law. [R.]
AOnon6 (?), adv. [OE. anoon, anon, anan, lit., in one
(moment), fr. AS. on in + >n one. See On and One.] 1.
Straightway; at once. [Obs.]
The same is he that heareth the word, and ~anon with joy
receiveth it.
Matt. xiii. 20.
2. Soon; in a little while.
As it shall better appear anon.
3. At another time; then; again.
Sometimes he trots,... anon he rears upright.
w right, at once; right off. [Obs.] Chaucer. P Ev?? and ~,
now and then; frequently; often.
A pouncet box, which ever and anon
He gave his nose.
X AOno6na , n. [NL. Cf. Ananas.] (Bot.) A genus of tropical
or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonace.,
including the soursop.
An7oOna6ceous , a. Pertaining to the order of plants
including the soursop, custard apple, etc.
An6oOnym (?), n. [F. anonyme. See Anonymous.] 1. One who is
anonymous; also sometimes used for =pseudonym.8
2. A notion which has no name, or which can not be expressed
by a single English word. [R.]
J. R. Seeley.
An7oOnym6iOty , n. The quality or state of being anonymous;
anonymousness; also, that which anonymous. [R.]
He rigorously insisted upon the rights of anonymity.
AOnon6yOmous , a. [Gr. ? without name; ? priv. + ?, Eol. for
? name. See Name.] Nameless; of unknown name; also, of

<-- p. 61 -->

<-- p. 61 -->
or unavowed authorship; as, an anonymous benefactor; on
anonymous pamphlet or letter.
AOnon6yOmousOly (?), adv. In an anonymous manner; without a
AOnon6yOmousOness, n. The state or quality of being
An6oOphyte (?), n. [Gr. ? upward (fr. ? up) + ? a plant, ?
to grow.] (Bot.) A moss or mosslike plant which cellular
stems, having usually an upward growth and distinct leaves.
X An6oOpla (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unarmed.] (Zo.l.) One
of the two orders of Nemerteans. See Nemertina.
AnOop6loOthere (?), X An7oOploOthe6riOum (?), n. [From Gr. ?
unarmed (? priv. + ? an implement, weapon) + ? beast.]
(Paleon.) A genus of extinct quadrupeds of the order
Ungulata, whose were first found in the gypsum quarries near
Paris; characterized by the shortness and feebleness of
their canine teeth (whence the name).
X An7oOplu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? weapon,
sting + ? tail.] (Zo.l.) A group of insects which includes
the lice.
X AOnop6siOa (?), An6op7sy (?), } a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?
sight.] (Med.) Want or defect of sight; blindness. 
X An7oOrex6iOa (?), An6oOrex7y (?) } n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
desire, appetite, ? desire.] (Med.) Want of appetite,
without a loathing of food.
AOnor6mal (?), a. [F. anormal. See Abnormal, Normal.] Not
according to rule; abnormal. [Obs.]
AOnorn (?), v. t. [OF. a.rner, a.urner, fr. L. adornare to
adorn. The form aPourne was corrupted into anourne.] To
adorn. [Obs.]
Bp. Watson.
AOnor6thic (?), a. [See Anorthite.] (Min.) Having unequal
oblique axes; as, anorthic crystals.
AOnor6thite (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? straight (? sc. ? right
angle); not in a right angle.] A mineral of the feldspar
family, commonly occurring in small glassy crystals, also a
constituent of some igneous rocks. It is a lime feldspar.
See Feldspar.
AOnor6thoOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? straight + Oscope.]
(Physics) An optical toy for producing amusing figures or
pictures by means of two revolving disks, on one of which
distorted figures are painted.
X AOnos6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? smell.]
(Med.) Loss of the sense of smell.
AnOoth6er (?), pron. & a. [An a, one + other.] 1. One more,
in addition to a former number; a second or additional one,
similar in likeness or in effect. 
Another yet! P a seventh! I 'll see no more. 
Would serve to scale another Hero's tower.
2. Not the same; different.
He winks, and turns his lips another way.
3. Any or some; any different person, indefinitely; any one
else; some one else.
Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth.
Prov. xxvii. 2.
While I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
John v. 7.
5 As a pronoun another may have a possessive another's, pl.
others, poss. pl. other'. It is much used in opposition to
one; as, one went one way, another another. It is also used
with one, in a reciprocal sense; as, =love one another,8
that is, let each love the other or others. =These two
imparadised in one another's arms.8
AnOoth6erPgaines7 (?), a. [Corrupted fr. anotherPgates.] Of
another kind. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AnOoth6erPgates7 (?), a. [Another + gate, or gait, way. Cf.
Algates.] Of another sort. [Obs.] =AnotherPgates adventure.8
AnOoth6erPguess (?), a. [Corrupted fr. anotherPgates.] Of
another sort. [Archaic]
It used to go in anotherPguess manner.
AOnot6ta (?), n. See Annotto.
AnOou6ra (?; 277), n. See Anura.
AnOou6rous (?), a. See Anurous.
X An6sa (?), n.; pl. Ans. (?). [L., a handle.] (Astron.) A
name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturn's
An6saOted (?), a. [L. ansatus, fr. ansa a handle.] Having a
An6serOa7ted (?), a. (Her.) Having the extremities terminate
in the heads of eagles, lions, etc.; as, an anserated cross.
X An6seOres (?), n. pl. [L., geese.] (Zo.l.) A order
of aquatic birds swimming by means of webbed feet, as the
duck, or of lobed feet, as the grebe. In this order were
included the geese, ducks, auks, divers, gulls, petrels,
X An7seOriOfor6mes (?), n. pl. (Zo.l.) A division of birds
including the geese, ducks, and closely allied forms.
An6serOine (?), a [L. anserinus, fr. anser a goose.] 1.
Pertaining to, or resembling, a goose, or the skin of a
2. (Zo.l.) Pertaining to the Anseres.
An6serOous (?), a. [L. anser a goose.] Resembling a goose;
silly; simple.
Sydney Smith.
An6swer (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Answered (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Answering.] [OE. andswerien, AS. andswerian, andswarian,
to ~, fr. andswaru, n., ~. See Answer, n.] 1. To speak in
defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a
charge; to answer an accusation.
2. To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or
question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the
like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to.
She answers him as if she knew his mind.
So spake the apostate angel, though in pain: ...
And him thus answered soon his bold compeer.

3. To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way
of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to
No man was able to answer him a word.
Matt. xxii. 46.
These shifts refuted, answer thine appellant.
The reasoning was not and could not be answered.
4. To be or act in return or response to. Hence: (a) To be
or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction
of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my
claim upon him; the servant answered the bell.
This proud king... studies day and night
To answer all the debts he owes unto you.
(b) To render account to or for.
I will... send him to answer thee.
(c) To atone; to be punished for.
And grievously hath C.zar answered it.
(d) To be opposite to; to face.
The windows answering each other, we could just discern the
glowing horizon them.
(e) To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or
sufficient for; to serve for; to repay. [R.]
Money answereth all things.
Eccles. x. 19.
(f) To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or
proportion to; to correspond to; to suit.
Weapons must needs be dangerous things, if they answered the
bulk of so prodigious a person.
An6swer, v. i. 1. To speak or write by way of return
(originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response.
There was no voice, nor any that answered.
1 Kings xviii. 26.
2. To make a satisfactory response or return. Hence: To
render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to
make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the
money intrusted to his care.
Let his neck answer for it, if there is any martial law.
3. To be or act in return. Hence: (a) To be or act by way of
compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to
serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some
Do the strings answer to thy noble hand?
(b) To be opposite, or to act in opposition. (c) To be or
act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a
very few will answer. (d) To be or act in conformity, or by
way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or
proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; P usually
with to.
That the time may have all shadow and silence in it, and the
place answer to convenience.
If this but answer to my just belief,
I 'll remember you.
As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to
Pro?. xxvii. 19.
An6swer, n. [OE. andsware, AS. andswaru; and against +
swerian to swear. ?, ?. See AntiO, and Swear, and cf. 1st
unO.] 1. A reply to a change; a defense. 
At my first answer no man stood with me.
2 Tim. iv. 16.
2. Something said or written in reply to a question, a call,
an argument, an address, or the like; a reply.
A soft answer turneth away wrath.
Prov. xv. 1.
I called him, but he gave me no answer.
Cant. v. 6.
3. Something done in return for, or in consequence of,
something else; a responsive action.
Great the slaughter is
Here made by the Roman; great the answer be
Britons must take.
4. A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as,
the answer to a problem.
5. (Law) A counterPstatement of facts in a course of
pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has
alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a
question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the
complainant's charges in his bill.
Syn. - Reply; rejoinder; response. See Reply.
An6swerOaOble (?), a. 1. Obliged to answer; liable to be
called to account; liable to pay, indemnify, or make good;
accountable; amenable; responsible; as, an agent is
answerable to his principal; to be answerable for a debt, or
for damages.
Will any man argue that... he can not be justly punished,
but is answerable only to God?
2. Capable of being answered or refuted; admitting a
satisfactory answer.
The argument, though subtle, is yet answerable.
3. Correspondent; conformable; hence, comparable.
What wit and policy of man is answerable to their discreet
and orderly course?
This revelation... was answerable to that of the apostle to
the Thessalonians.
4. Proportionate; commensurate; suitable; as, an achievement
answerable to the preparation for it. 
5. Equal; equivalent; adequate. [Archaic]
Had the valor of his soldiers been answerable, he had
reached that year, as was thought, the utmost bounds of
An6swerOaObleOness, n. The quality of being answerable,
liable, responsible, or correspondent.
An6swerOaObly (?), adv. In an answerable manner; in due
proportion or correspondence; suitably.
An6swerOer (?), n. One who answers.
An6swerOless (?), a. Having no answer, or impossible to be
An 't (?). An it, that is, and it or if it. See An, conj.
An't (?). A contraction for are and am not; also used for is
not; P now usually written ain't. [Colloq. & illiterate
AntO. See AntiO, prefix.
Oant. [F. Oant, fr. L. Oantem or Oentem, the pr. p. ending;
also sometimes directly from L. Oantem.] A suffix sometimes
marking the agent for action; as, merchant, covenant,
servant, pleasant, etc. Cf. Oent.
Ant (?), n. [OE. ante, amete, emete, AS. .mete akin to G.
ameise. Cf. Emmet.] (Zo.l.) A hymenopterous insect of the genus Formica, which is now made a family of several
genera; an emmet; a pismire.
5 Among ants, as among bees, there are neuter or working
ants, besides the males and females; the former are without
wings. Ants live together in swarms, usually raising
hillocks of earth, variously chambered within, where they
maintain a perfect system of order, store their provisions,
and nurture their young. There are many species, with
diverse habits, as agricultural ants, carpenter ants, honey
ants, foraging ants, amazon ants, etc. The white ants or
Termites belong to the Neuroptera.
w bird (Zo.l.), one of a very extensive group of South
American birds (Formicariid.), which live on ants. The
family includes many species, some of which are called ant
shrikes, ant thrushes, and ant wrens. P w rice (Bot.), a
species of grass (Aristida oligantha) cultivated by the
agricultural ants of Texas for the sake of its seed.
X An6ta (?), n.; pl. Ant. (?). [L.] (Arch.) A species of
pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination,
treated architecturally as a pilaster, with capital and
5 Porches, when columns stand between to, ant., are called
in Latin in antis.
AntOac6id (?), n. [Pref. antiO + acid.] (Med.) A remedy for
acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent. P a.
Counteractive of acidity.
AntOac6rid (?), a. [Pref. antiO + acrid.] Corrective of
acrimony of the humors.
AnOt.6an (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to, a giant
athlete slain by Hercules.
AnOtag6oOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to struggle against; ?
against + ? to contend or struggle, ? contest: cf. F.
antagonisme. See Agony.] Opposition of action; counteraction
or contrariety of things or principles.
5 We speak of antagonism between two things, to or against a
thing, and sometimes with a thing.
AnOtag6oOnist (?), n. [L. antagonista, Gr. ?; ? against + ?
combatant, champion, fr. ?: cf. F. antagoniste. See
Antagonism.] 1. One who contends with another, especially in
combat; an adversary; an opponent.
Antagonist of Heaven's Almigthy King.
Our antagonists in these controversies.
2. (Anat.) A muscle which acts in opposition to another; as
a flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an
extensor, which extends it.
3. (Med.) A medicine which opposes the action of another
medicine or of a poison when absorbed into the blood or
Syn. - Adversary; enemy; opponent; toe; competitor. See
AnOtag6oOnist, a. Antagonistic; opposing; counteracting; as,
antagonist schools of philosophy.
AnOtag7oOnis6tic (?), AnOtag7oOnis6ticOal (?), } a. Opposing
in combat, combating; contending or acting against; as,
antagonistic forces. P AnOtag7oOnis6ticOalOly, adv.
They were distinct, adverse, even antagonistic.
AnOtag6oOnize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antagonized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Antagonozing.] [Gr. ?. See Antagonism.] To
contend with; to oppose actively; to counteract.
AnOtag6oOnize, v. i. To act in opposition.
AnOtag6oOny (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? contest: cf. F. (16th
century) antagonie. See Antagonism.] Contest; opposition;
antagonism. [Obs.]
Antagony that is between Christ and Belial.
AnOtal6gic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? pain: cf. F.
antalgique.] (Med.) Alleviating pain. P n. A medicine to
alleviate pain; an anodyne. [R.]
AnOal6kaOli (?; 277), AntOal6kaOline (?), n. [Pref. antiO +
alkali.] Anything that neutralizes, or that counteracts an
alkaline tendency in the system.
AntOal6kaOline, a. Of power to counteract alkalies.

<-- p. 62 -->

AntOam7buOla6cral (?), a. (Zo.l.) Away from the ambulacral
X Ant7anOaOcla6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? a bending back and
breaking. See Anaclastic.] (Rhet.) (a) A figure which
consists in repeating the same word in a different sense;
as, Learn some craft when young, that when old you may live
without craft. (b) A repetition of words beginning a
sentence, after a long parenthesis; as, Shall that heart
(which not only feels them, but which has all motions of
life placed in them), shall that heart, etc.
X Ant7anOaOgo6ge (?), n. [Pref. antiO + anagoge.] (Rhet.) A
figure which consists in answering the charge of an
adversary, by a counter charge.
Ant7aphOroOdis6iOac (?), a. [Pref. antiO + aphrodisiac.]
(Med.) Capable of blunting the venereal appetite. P n.
Anything that quells the venereal appetite.
Ant7aphOroOdit6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? Aphrodite:
cf. F. antaphroditique.] (Med.)
1. Antaphrodisiac.
2. Antisyphilitic. [R.]
Ant7aphOroOdit6ic, n. An ~ medicine.
Ant7apOoOplec6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + apoplectic.] (Med.)
Good against apoplexy. P n. A medicine used against
AntOar6chism (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? government.]
Opposition to government in general. [R.]
AntOar6chist (?), n. One who opposes all government. [R.]
Ant7arOchis6tic (?), Ant7arOchis6ticOal (?), } a. Opposed to
all human government. [R.]
AntOarc6tic (?), a. [OE. antartik, OF. antartique, F.
antarctique, L. antarcticus, fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? bear. See
Arctic.] Opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating
to the southern pole or to the region near it, and applied
especially to a circle, distant from the pole 230 28?. Thus
we say the antarctic pole, circle, ocean, region, current,
X AnOta6res (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? similar to + ? Mars. It was
thought to resemble Mars in color.] The principal star in
Scorpio: P called also the Scorpion's Heart.
Ant7arOthrit6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + arthritic.] (Med.)
Counteracting or alleviating gout. P n. A remedy against
Ant7asthOmat6ic (?; see Asthma; 277), a. [Pref. antiO +
asthmatic.] (Med.) Opposing, or fitted to relieve, asthma. P
n. A remedy for asthma.
Ant6Pbear7 (?), n. (Zo.l.) An edentate animal of tropical
America (the Tamanoir), living on ants. It belongs to the
genus Myrmecophaga.
Ant6 bird (?), (Zo.l.) See Ant bird, under Ant, n.
Ant6Pcat7tle (?), n. pl. (Zo.l.) Various kinds of plant lice
or aphids tended by ants for the sake of the honeydew which
they secrete. See Aphips.
An6teO (?). A Latin preposition and prefix; akin to Gr. ?,
Skr. anti, Goth. andO, andaO (only in comp.), AS. andO,
ondO, (only in comp.: cf. Answer, Along), G. antO, entO (in
comp.). The Latin ante is generally used in the sense of
before, in regard to position, order, or time, and the Gr. ?
in that of opposite, or in the place of.
An6te, n. (Poker Playing) Each player's stake, which is put
into the pool before (ante) the game begins.
An6te, v. t. & i. To put up (an ante). 
An6teOact7 (?), n. A preceding act.
An6teOal (?), a. [L. antea, ante, before. Cf. Ancient.]
Being before, or in front. [R.]
J. Fleming.
Ant6Peat7er (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of several species of
edentates and monotremes that feed upon ants. See AntPbear,
Pangolin, AardOvark, and Echidna.
An7teOceOda6neOous (?), a. [See Antecede.] Antecedent;
preceding in time. =Capable of antecedaneous.8
An7teOcede6 (?), v. t. & i. [L. antecedere; ante + cedere to
go. See Cede.] To go before in time or place; to precede; to
Sir M. Hale.
An7teOced6ence (?), n. 1. The act or state of going before
in time; precedence.
H. Spenser.
2. (Astron.) An apparent motion of a planet toward the west;
An7teOced6enO?y (?), n. The state or condition of being
antecedent; priority.
An7teOced6ent (?), a. [L. antecedens, Oentis, p. pr. of
antecedere: cf. F. ant.c.dent.] 1. Going before in time;
prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the
Deluge; an antecedent cause.
2. Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability.
Syn. - Prior; previous; foregoing.
An7teOced6ent, n. [Cf. F. ant.c.dent.] 1. That which goes
before in time; that which precedes.
The Homeric mythology, as well as the Homeric language, has
surely its antecedents.
Max Miller.
2. One who precedes or goes in front. [Obs.]
My antecedent, or my gentleman usher.
3. pl. The earlier events of one's life; previous
principles, conduct, course, history.
J. H. Newman.
If the troops... prove worthy of their antecedents, the
victory is surely ours.
Gen. G. McClellan.
4. (Gram.) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the
sentence =Solomon was the prince who built the temple,8
prince is the antecedent of who.
5. (Logic) (a) The first or conditional part of a
hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun
must move. (b) The first of the two propositions which
constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every
man is mortal; therefore the king must die.
6. (Math.) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first
or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a :
b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent.
An7teOced6entOly (?), adv. Previously; before in time; at a
time preceding; as, antecedently to conversion.
An7teOces6sor (?)(?), n. [L., fr. antecedere, antecessum.
See Antecede, Ancestor.] 1. One who goes before; a
The successor seldom prosecuting his antecessor's devices.
Sir E. Sandys.
2. An ancestor; a progenitor. [Obs.]
An6teOcham7ber (?), n. [Cf. F. antichambre.] 1. A chamber or
apartment before the chief apartment and leading into it, in
which persons wait for audience; an outer chamber. See
2. A space viewed as the outer chamber or the entrance to an
interior part.
The mouth, the antechamber to the digestive canal.
Todd & Bowman.
An6teOchap7el (?), n. The outer part of the west end of a
collegiate or other chapel.
AnOte6cians (?), n. pl. See Ant?cians.
An7teOcomOmun6ion (?), n. A name given to that part of the
Anglican liturgy for the communion, which precedes the
consecration of the elements.
An7teOcur6sor (?), n. [L., fr. antecurrere to run before;
ante + currere to run.] A forerunner; a precursor. [Obs.]
An6teOdate7 (?), n. 1. Prior date; a date antecedent to
another which is the actual date.
2. Anticipation. [Obs.]
An6teOdate7 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antedated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Antedating.] 1. To date before the true time; to assign
to an earlier date; thus, to antedate a deed or a bond is to
give it a date anterior to the true time of its execution.
2. To precede in time.
3. To anticipate; to make before the true time.
And antedate the bliss above.
Who rather rose the day to antedate.
An7teOdiOlu6viOal (?), a. [Pref. anteO + diluvial.] Before
the flood, or Deluge, in Noah's time.
An7teOdiOlu6viOan (?), a. Of or relating to the period
before the Deluge in Noah's time; hence, antiquated; as, an
antediluvian vehicle. P n. One who lived before the Deluge.
An6teOfact7 (?), n. Something done before another act.
An6teOfix7 (?), n.; pl. E. Antefixes (?); L. Antefixa (?).
[L. ante + fixus fixed.] (Arch.) (a) An ornament fixed upon
a frieze. (b) An ornament at the eaves, concealing the ends
of the joint tiles of the roof. (c) An ornament of the
cymatium of a classic cornice, sometimes pierced for the
escape of water.
An7teOflex6ion (?), n. (Med.) A displacement forward of an
organ, esp. the uterus, in such manner that its axis is bent
upon itself.
T. G. Thomas. 
Ant6 egg7 (?). One of the small white eggPshaped pup. or
cocoons of the ant, often seen in or about antPhills, and
popularly supposed to be eggs.
An6teOlope (?), n. [OF. antelop, F. antilope, fro Gr. ?, ?,
Eustathius, =Hexa m.,8 p. 36, the origin of which is
unknown.] (Zo.l.) One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds,
intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are
usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in
Africa and Asia.
The antelope and wolf both fierce and fell. 
5 The common or bezoar ~ of India is Antilope bezoartica.
The chamois of the Alps, the gazelle, the addax, and the
eland are other species. See Gazelle. The pronghorn ~
(Antilocapra Americana) is found in the Rocky Mountains. See
An7teOlu6can (?), a. [L. antelucanus; ante + lux light.]
Held or being before light; P a word applied to assemblies
of Christians, in ancient times of persecution, held before
light in the morning. =Antelucan worship.8
De Quincey.
An7teOmeOrid6iOan (?), a. [L. antemeridianus; ante +
meridianus belonging to midday or noon. See Meridian.] Being
before noon; in or pertaining to the forenoon. (Abbrev. a.
Ant7eOmet6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + emetic.] (Med.) Tending
to check vomiting. P n. A remedy to check or allay vomiting.
An7teOmoOsa6ic (?), a. Being before the time of Moses.
An7teOmun6dane (?), a. Being or occurring before the
creation of the world.
An7teOmu6ral (?), n. [L. antemurale: ante + murus wall. See
Mural.] An outwork of a strong, high wall, with turrets, in
front gateway (as of an old castle), for defending the
An7teOna6tal (?), a. Before birth.
An7teOni6cene (?), a. [L.] Of or in the Christian church or
era, anterior to the first council of Nice, held a. d. 325;
as, antenicene faith.
AnOten6na (?), n.; pl. Antenn. (?). [L. antenna sailPyard;
NL., a feeler, horn of an insect.] (Zo.l.) A movable,
articulated organ of sensation, attached to the heads of
insects and Crustacea. There are two in the former, and
usually four in the latter. They are used as organs of
touch, and in some species of Crustacea the cavity of the
ear is situated near the basal joint. In insects, they are
popularly called horns, and also feelers. The term in also
applied to similar organs on the heads of other arthropods
and of annelids.
AnOten6nal (?), a. (Zo.l.) Belonging to the antenn..
An7tenOnif6erOous (?), a. [Antenna + Oferous.] (Zo.l.)
Bearing or having antenn..
AnOten6niOform (?), a. [Antenna + Oform.] Shaped like
AnOten6nule (?), n. [Dim. of antenna.] (Zo.l.) A small
antenna; P applied to the smaller pair of antenn. or feelers
of Crustacea.
An7teOnum6ber (?), n. A number that precedes another. [R.]
An7teOnup6tial (?), a. Preceding marriage; as, an
antenuptial agreement.
An7teOor6bitOal (?), a. & n. (Anat.) Same as Antorbital.
An7teOpas6chal (?), a. Pertaining to the time before the
Passover, or before Easter.
An6teOpast (?), n. [Pref. anteO + L. pastus pasture, food.
Cf. Repast.] A foretaste.
Antepasts of joy and comforts.
Jer. Taylor.
X An7teOpen6diOum (?), n. [LL., fr. L. ante + pendere to
hang.] (Eccl.) The hangings or screen in front of the altar;
an altar cloth; the frontal.
An7teOpe6nult (?), X An7teOpeOnult6iOma (?), } n. [L.
antepaenultima (sc. syllaba) antepenultimate; ante before +
paenultimus the last but one; paene almost + ultimus last.]
(Pros.) The last syllable of a word except two, as Osyl in
An7teOpeOnult6iOmate (?), a. Of or pertaining to the last
syllable but two. P n. The antepenult.
Ant7ephOiOal6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? nightmare.]
(Med.) Good against nightmare. P n. A remedy nightmare.
Ant7epOiOlep6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + epileptic.] (Med.)
Good against epilepsy. P n. A medicine for epilepsy.
An6teOpone (?), v. t. [L. anteponere.] To put before; to
prefer. [Obs.]
An6teOport (?), n. [Cf. LL. anteporta.] An outer port, gate,
or door.
An7teOpor6tiOco (?), n. An outer porch or vestibule.
An7teOpoOsi6tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. antepositio. See
Position.] (Gram.) The placing of a before another, which,
by ordinary rules, ought to follow it.
An7teOpran6diOal (?), a. Preceding dinner.
An7teOpreOdic6aOment (?), n. (Logic) A prerequisite to a
clear understanding of the predicaments and categories, such
as definitions of common terms.
AnOte6riOor (?), a. [L. anterior, comp. of ante before.] 1.
Before in time; antecedent.
Antigonus, who was anterior to Polybius.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior
part of the mouth; P opposed to posterior.
5 In comparative anatomy, anterior often signifies at or
toward the head, cephalic; and in human anatomy it is often
used for ventral.
Syn. - Antecedent; previous; precedent; preceding; former;
AnOte7riOor6iOty (?), n. [LL. anterioritas.] The state of
being anterior or preceding in time or in situation;
AnOter6riOorOly (?), adv. In an anterior manner; before.
An6teOroom (?), n. A room before, or forming an entrance to,
another; a waiting room.
An6teOroP (?). A combining form meaning anterior, front; as,
anteroPposterior, front and back; anteroPlateral, front
side, anterior and at the side.
An6tes (?), n. pl. Ant.. See Anta.
An7teOstat6ure (?), n. (Fort.) A small intrenchment or work
of palisades, or of sacks of earth.
An6teOstom7ach (?), n. A cavity which leads into the
stomach, as in birds.
An6teOtem7ple (?), n. The portico, or narthex in an ancient
temple or church.
An7teOver6sion (?), n. [Pref. anteO + L. vertere, versum, to
turn.] (Med.) A displacement of an organ, esp. of the
uterus, in such manner that its whole axis is directed
further forward than usual.
An7teOvert6 (?), v. t. [L. antevertere; ante + vertere to
turn.] 1. To prevent. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
2. (Med.) To displace by anteversion.
AntOhel6ion (?; 277, 106), n.; pl. Anthelia (?). [Pref. anti
+ Gr. ? sun.] (Meteor.) A halo opposite the sun, consisting
of a colored ring or rings around the shadow of the
spectator's own head, as projected on a cloud or on an
opposite fog bank.

<-- p. 63 -->

Ant6heOlix (?), n. (Anat.) Same as Antihelix.
An6thelOmin6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, worm, esp.
a tapeworm, or mawworm..] (Med.) Good against intestinal
worms. P n. An anthelmintic remedy. [Written also
An6them (?), n. [OE. antym, antefne, AS. antefen, fr. LL.
antiphona, fr. Gr. ?, neut. pl. of ? antiphon, or anthem, n.
neut., from ? sounding contrary, returning a sound; ? over
against + ? sound, voice: the anthem being sung by the
choristers alternately, one halfPchoir answering the other:
cf. OF. anthaine, anteine, antieune, F. antienne. See
Antiphon.] 1. Formerly, a hymn sung in alternate parts, in
present usage, a selection from the Psalms, or other parts
of the Scriptures or the liturgy, set to sacred music.
2. A song or hymn of praise.
An6them, v. t. To celebrate with anthems. [Poet.]
Sweet birds antheming the morn.
X AnOthe6miOon (?), [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower.] A floral
ornament. See Palmette. 
X An6theOmis (?), n. [Gr. ?, equiv. to ? flower; an herb
like our chamomile.] (Bot.) Chamomile; a genus of composite,
herbaceous plants.
An6themOwise7 (?), adv. Alternately. [Obs.]
An6ther (?), n. [F. anth
re, L. anthera a medicine composed
of flowers, fr. Gr. ? flowery, fr. ? to bloom, ? flower.]
(Bot.) That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or
fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the
impregnation of the ovary. P An6therOal (?), a.
X An7therOid6iOum (?), n.; pl. Antheridia (?). [Anther + ?
(a Gr. diminutive ending).] (Bot.) The male reproductive
apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity
in which spermatozoids are produced; P called also spermary.
P An7therOid6iOal (?), a.
An7therOif6erOous (?), a. [Anther + Oferous.] (Bot.) (a)
Producing anthers, as plants. (b) Supporting anthers, as a
part of a flower.
AnOther6iOform (?), a. [Anther + Oform.] Shaped like an
anther; antherPshaped.
An7therOog6eOnous (?), a. [Anther + Ogenous.] (Bot.)
Transformed from anthers, as the petals of a double flower.
An6therOoid (?), a. [Anther + Ooid.] Resembling an anther.
An7therOoOzoid (?), An7therOoOzoo6id (?), } n. [Gr. ?
flowery + ? animal + Ooid. See Zooid.] (Bot.) One of the
mobile male reproductive bodies in the antheridia of
X AnOthe6sis (?), n. [Gr. ? bloom, fr. ? to bloom, ?
flower.] (Bot.) The period or state of full expansion in a
Ant6Phill (?), n. (Zo.l.) A mound thrown up by ants or by
termites in forming their nests.
AnOtho6biOan (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? life.] (Zo.l.) A
beetle which feeds on flowers.
X An7thoObran6chiOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower + ?
gills, n. pl.] (Zo.l.) A division of nudibranchiate
Mollusca, in which the gills form a wreath or cluster upon
the posterior part of the back. See Nudibranchiata, and
An7thoOcar6pous (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + ? fruit.] (Bot.)
Having some portion of the floral envelopes attached to the
pericarp to form the fruit, as in the checkerberry, the
mulberry, and the pineapple.
An7thoOcy6aOnin (?), n. Same as Anthokyan.
X AnOtho6diOum (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ? like flowers,
flowery; ? flower + ? form.] (Bot.) The inflorescence of a
compound flower in which many florets are gathered into a
involucrate head. 
AnOtho6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + Ography.] A
description of flowers.
An6thoid (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + Ooid.] Resembling a flower;
An7thoOky6an (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? blue.] (Chem.) The
blue coloring matter of certain flowers. Same as Cyanin.
An6thoOlite (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + Olite.] (Paleon.) A
fossil plant, like a petrified flower.
An7thoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to anthology; consisting
of beautiful extracts from different authors, especially the
He published a geographical and anthological description of
all empires and kingdoms... in this terrestrial globe.
AnOthol6oOgist (?), n. One who compiles an anthology.
AnOthol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? flower gathering; ?
flower + ? to gather.] 1. A discourses on flowers. [R.]
2. A collection of flowers; a garland. [R.]
3. A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful
passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; P
particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek
4. (Gr. Ch.) A service book containing a selection of pieces
for the festival services.
An7thoOma6niOa (?), n. [Gr. ? flower ? madness.] A
extravagant fondness for flowers. [R.]
An6thoOny's Fire7 (?). See Saint Anthony's Fire, under
AnOthoph6aOgous (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + ? to eat.] (Zo.l.)
Eating flowers; P said of certain insects.
An6thoOphore (?), n. [Gr. ? bearing flowers; ? flower + ?
bearing, ? to bear.] (Bot.) The stipe when developed into an
internode between calyx and corolla, as in the Pink family.
AnOtoph6oOrous (?), a. Flower bearing; supporting the
AnOthoph6ylOlite (?), n. [NL. anthophyllum clove.] A mineral
of the hornblende group, of a yellowish gray or clove brown
color. P An7thoOphylOlit6ic (?), a.
An6thoOrism (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? to bound, define.] (Rhet.)
A description or definition contrary to that which is given
by the adverse party. [R.]
An6thoOtax7y (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? order.] (Bot.) The
arrangement of flowers in a cluster; the science of the
relative position of flowers; inflorescence.
X An7thoOzo6a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower + ?
animal.] (Zo.l.) The class of the C?lenterata which includes
the corals and sea anemones. The three principal groups or
orders are Acyonaria, Actinaria, and Madreporaria.
An7thoOzo6an (?), a. (Zo.l.) Pertaining to the Anthozoa. P
n. One of the Anthozoa.
An6thoOzo6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Anthozoa.
An6thraOcene (?), n. [Gr. ? coal.] (Chem.) A solid
hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene
in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its
chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin.
[Written also anthracin.]
AnOthrac6ic (?), a. Of or relating to anthrax; as, anthracic
An7thraOcif6erOous (?), a. [Gr. ? coal + Oferous.] (Min.)
Yielding anthracite; as, anthraciferous strata.
An6thraOcite (?), n. [L. anthracites a kind of bloodstone;
fr. Gr. ? like coals, fr. ?, ?, coal or charcoal. Cf.
Anthrax.] A hard, compact variety of mineral coal, of high
luster, differing from bituminous coal in containing little
or no bitumen, in consequence of which it burns with a
nearly non luminous flame. The purer specimens consist
almost wholly of carbon. Also called glance coal and blind
An6thraOcit6ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like,
anthracite; as, anthracitic formations.
An6thraOcoid (?), a. [Anthrax + Ooid.] (Biol.) Resembling
anthrax in action; of the nature of anthrax; as, an
anthracoid microbe.
An6thraOcoOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, coal + Omancy.]
Divination by inspecting a burning coal.
An7thraOcom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? coal, carbon + Ometer.] An
instrument for measuring the amount of carbonic acid in a
An7thraOcoOmet6ric (?), a. Of or pertaining to an
AnOthra6oOnite (?), n. [See Anthracite.] (Min.) A coalPblack
marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; P called
also stinkstone and swinestone.
An7thraOqui6none (?), n. [Anthracene + quinone.] (Chem.) A
hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2O2.C6H4, subliming in shining yellow
needless. It is obtained by oxidation of anthracene.
An6thrax (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? coal, carbuncle.] 1. (Med.)
(a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule.
2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism (Bacillus
anthracis), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under
3. An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed
to the presence of a rodPshaped bacterium (Bacillus
anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious
matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The
spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria.
Called also splenic fever.
X AnOthre6nus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a hornet.] (Zo.l.) A
genus of small beetles, several of which, in the larval
state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The
common =museum pest8 is A. varius; the carpet beetle is A.
scrophulari.. The larv. are commonly confounded with moths.
AnOthrop6ic (?), AnOthrop6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?, fr. ?
man.] (Zo.l.) Like or related to man; human. [R.]
X AnOthrop6Od. (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? man.] (Zo.l.) The
group that includes man only.
An7throOpoOcen6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? man + ? center.] Assuming
man as the center or ultimate end; P applied to theories of
the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system.
An7throOpoOgen6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anthropogeny.
An7throOpog6eOny (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? birth.] The science
or study of human generation, or the origin and development
of man.
AnOthrop6oOglot (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? man + ?, ?, tongue.]
(Zo.l.) An animal which has a tongue resembling that of man,
as the parrot.
An7throOpog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Ography.] That
branch of anthropology which treats of the actual
distribution of the human race in its different divisions,
as distinguished by physical character, language,
institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to
ethnography, which treats historically of the origin and
filiation of races and nations.
P. Cyc.
An6throOpoid (?), a. [Gr. ? man + Ooid.] Resembling man; P
applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or
gorilla. P n. An ~ ape.
An7throOpoid6al (?), a. Anthropoid.
X An7throOpoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL. See Anthropoid.] (Zo.l.)
The suborder of primates which includes the monkeys, apes,
and man.
An7throOpol6aOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? worship.] Man
AnOthrop6oOlite (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Olite.] (Paleon.) A
petrifaction of the human body, or of any portion of it.
An7throOpoOlog6ic (?), An7throOpoOlog6icOal (?), } a.
Pertaining to anthropology; belonging to the nature of man.
=Anthropologic wisdom.8 Kingsley. P An7throOpoOlog6icOalOly,
An7throOpol6oOgist (?), n. One who is versed in
An7throOpol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Ology.] 1. The science
of the structure and functions of the human body. 
2. The science of man; P sometimes used in a limited sense
to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or
as an animal. 
3. That manner of expression by which the inspired writers
attribute human parts and passions to God.
An6throOpoOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Omancy.] Divination
by the entrails of human being. 
An7throOpoOmet6ric (?), An7throOpoOmet6ricOal (?), } a.
Pertaining to anthropometry.
An7throOpom6eOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Omercy.] Measurement
of the height and other dimensions of human beings,
especially at different ages, or in different races,
occupations, etc.
X An7throOpoOmor6pha (?), n. pl. [NL. See Anthropomorphism.]
(Zo.l.) The manlike, or anthropoid, apes.
An7throOpoOmor6phic (?), a. Of or pertaining to
anthromorphism. Hadley. P An7throOpoOmor6phicOalOly (?),
An7throOpoOmor6phism (?), n. [Gr. ? of human form; ? man + ?
form.] 1. The representation of the Deity, or of a
polytheistic deity, under a human form, or with human
attributes and affections.
2. The ascription of human characteristics to things not
An7throOpoOmor6phist (?), n. One who attributes the human
form or other human attributes to the Deity or to anything
not human.
An7throOpoOmor6phite (?), n. One who ascribes a human form
or human attributes to the Deity or to a polytheistic deity.
Taylor. Specifically, one of a sect of ancient heretics who
believed that God has a human form, etc. Tillotson.
An7throOpoOmorOphit6ic (?), a. (Biol.) to anthropomorphism.
An7throOpoOmor6phiOtism (?), n. Anthropomorphism.
An7throOpoOmor6phize (?), v. t. & i. To attribute a human
form or personality to.
You may see imaginative children every day
An7throOpoOmorOphol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ology. See
Anthropomorphism.] The application to God of terms
descriptive of human beings.
An7throOpoOmor6phoOsis (?), n. Transformation into the form
of a human being.
An7throOpoOmor6phous (?), a.Having the figure of, or
resemblance to, a man; as, an anthromorphous plant.
=Anthromorphous apes.8
An7throOpoOpath6ic (?), An7throOpoOpath6icOal (?), } a. Of
or pertaining to anthropopathy. [R.] P
An7throOpoOpath6icOalOly, adv.
The daring anthropopathic imagery by which the prophets
often represent God as chiding, upbraiding, threatening.
H. Rogers.
An7throOpop6aOthism (?), An7throOpop6aOthy (?), } n. [Gr. ?;
? man + ? suffering, affection, passion, ?, ?, to suffer.]
The ascription of human feelings or passions to God, or to a
polytheistic deity.
In its recoil from the gross anthropopathy of the vulgar
notions, it falls into the vacuum of absolute apathy.
X An7throOpoph6aOgi (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. ? eating men; ?
man + + ? to eat.] Man eaters; cannibals.
An7throOpoOphag6ic (?), An7throOpoOphag6icOal (?), } a.
Relating to cannibalism or anthropophagy.
An7throOpoph7aOgin6iOan (?), n. One who east human flesh.
An7throOpoph6aOgite (?), n. A cannibal. 
W. Taylor.
An7throOpoph6aOgous (?), a. Feeding on human flesh;
An7throOpoph6aOgy (?)(?), n. [Gr. ?.] The eating of human
flesh; cannibalism.

<-- p. 64 -->

An6throOpoph6uOism (?), n. [Gr. ? of man's nature; ? a man +
? nature.] Human nature. [R.]
An7throOpos6coOpy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Oscopy.] The art of
discovering or judging of a man's character, passions. and
inclinations from a study of his visible features. [R.]
An7throOpos6oOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? wisdom, knowledge.]
Knowledge of the nature of man; hence, human wisdom.
An7throOpoOtom6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to anthropotomy, or
the dissection of human bodies.
An7throOpot6oOmist (?), n. One who is versed in
anthropotomy, or human anatomy.
An7throOpot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? a cutting.] The
anatomy or dissection of the human body; androtomy.
Ant7hypOnot6ic (?). See Antihypnotic.
Ant7hypOoOchon6driOac (?), a. & n. See Antihypochondriac.
Ant7hysOter6ic (?), a. & n. See Antihysteric.
An6ti (?). [Gr. ? against. See Ante.] A prefix meaning
against, opposite or opposed to, contrary, or in place of; P
used in composition in many English words. It is often
shortened to antO; as, antacid, antarctic.
X An6tiO. (?), n. pl. [L., forelock.] (Zo.l.) The two
projecting feathered angles of the forehead of some birds;
the frontal points. 
An7tiOalObu6mid (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Oalbumin.] (Physiol.
Chem.) A body formed from albumin by pancreatic and gastric
digestion. It is convertible into antipeptone.
An7tiOal6buOmose7 (?), n. (Physiol.) See Albumose.
An7tiPAOmer6iOcan (?), a. Opposed to the Americans, their
aims, or interests, or to the genius of American
An7tiOaph7roOdis6iOac (?), a. & n. Same as Antaphrodisiac.
An7tiOap7oOplec6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as
An6tiOar (?), n. [Jav. antjar.] A Virulent poison prepared
in Java from the gum resin of one species of the upas tree
(Antiaris toxicaria).
An7tiOaOrin (?), n. (Chem.) A poisonous principle obtained
from antiar.
An7tiOasthOmat6ic (?), a. & n. Same as Antasthmatic.
An7tiOatOtri6tion (?), n. Anything to prevent the effects of
friction, esp. a compound lubricant for machinery, etc.,
often consisting of plumbago, with some greasy material;
antifriction grease.
X An7tiObacOchi6us (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? + ?. See
Bacchius.] (Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the first two
long, and the last short (?). 
An7tiObil6lous (?), a. Counteractive of bilious complaints;
tending to relieve biliousness.
An7tiObranch6iOal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the
antibrachium, or forearm.
X An7tiObrach6iOum (?), n. [NL.] (Anat.) That part of the
fore limb between the brachium and the carpus; the forearm.
An7tiObro6mic (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? a stink.] An
agent that destroys offensive smells; a deodorizer.
An7tiOburgh6er (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One who seceded from
the Burghers (1747), deeming it improper to take the Burgess
An6tic (?), a. [The same word as antique; cf. It. antico
ancient. See Antique.] 1. Old; antique. (Zo.l.) =Lords of
antic fame.8
2. Odd; fantastic; fanciful; grotesque; ludicrous.
The antic postures of a merryPandrew.
The Saxons... worshiped many idols, barbarous in name, some
monstrous, all antic for shape.
An6tic, n. 1. A buffoon or merryOandrew; one that practices
odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play.
2. An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure.
Woven with antics and wild imagery.
3. A grotesque trick; a piece of buffoonery; a caper.
And fraught with antics as the Indian bird
That writhes and chatters in her wiry cage.
4. (Arch.) A grotesque representation. [Obs.]
5. An antimask. [Obs. or R.] 
Performed by knights and ladies of his court
In nature of an antic.
An6tic, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anticked (?), Antickt.] To make
appear like a buffoon. [Obs.]
An6tic, v. i. To perform antics.
An7tiOcaOtarrh7al (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious against
catarrh. P n. An anticatarrhal remedy.
An7tiOcath6ode (?), n. (Phys.) The part of a vacuum tube
opposite the cathode. Upon it the cathode rays impinge.
An7tiOcauOsod6ic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Anticausotic.
An7tiOcauOsot6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? fever, ? to
burn.] (Med.) Good against an inflammatory fever. P n. A
remedy for such a fever.
An6tiOcham7ber, n. [Obs.] See Antechamber.
An6tiOchlor (?), n. [Pref. antiO + chlorine.] (Chem.) Any
substance (but especially sodium hyposulphite) used in
removing the excess of chlorine left in paper pulp or stuffs
after bleaching.
An6tiOchrist (?), n. [L. Antichristus, Gr. ?; ? against +
?.] A denier or opponent of Christ. Specif.: A great
antagonist, person or power, expected to precede Christ's
second coming.
An7tiOchris6tian (?; 106), a. Opposed to the Christian
An7tiOchris6tianOism (?), An7tiOchrisOtian6iOty (?), } n.
Opposition or contrariety to the Christian religion.
An7tiOchris6tianOly (?), adv. In an antichristian manner.
An7tiOchron6icOal (?), a. Deviating from the proper order of
time. P An7tiOchron6icOalOly, adv.
AnOtich6roOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? against + ? time.]
Deviation from the true order of time; anachronism. [R.]
X AnOtich6thon (?), n.; pl. Antichthones (?). [Gr. ?; ?
against + ? the earth.] 1. A hypothetical earth counter to
ours, or on the opposite side of the sun.
2. pl. Inhabitants of opposite hemispheres.
AnOtic6iOpant (?), a. [L. anticipans, p. pr. of anticipare.]
Anticipating; expectant; P with of.
Wakening guilt, anticipant of hell.
AnOtic6iOpate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anticipated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Anticipating (?).] [L. anticipatus, p. p. of
anticipare to anticipate; ante + capere to make. See
Capable.] 1. To be before in doing; to do or take before
another; to preclude or prevent by prior action.
To anticipate and prevent the duke's purpose.
R. Hall.
He would probably have died by the hand of the executioner,
if indeed the executioner had not been anticipated by the
2. To take up or introduce beforehand, or before the proper
or normal time; to cause to occur earlier or prematurely;
as, the advocate has anticipated a part of his argument.
3. To foresee (a wish, command, etc.) and do beforehand that
which will be desired.
4. To foretaste or foresee; to have a previous view or
impression of; as, to anticipate the pleasures of a visit;
to anticipate the evils of life.
Syn. - To prevent; obviate; preclude; forestall; expect. P
To Anticipate, Expect. These words, as here compared, agree
in regarding some future event as about to take place.
Expect is the stringer. It supposes some ground or reason in
the mind for considering the event as likely to happen.
Anticipate is, literally, to take beforehand, and here
denotes simply to take into the mind as conception of the
future. Hence, to say, =I did not anticipate a refusal,8
expresses something less definite and strong than to say, =
did not expect it.8 Still, anticipate is a convenient word
to be interchanged with expect in cases where the thought
will allow.
Good with bad
Expect to hear; supernal grace contending
With sinfulness of men.
I would not anticipate the relish of any happiness, nor feel
the weight of any misery, before it actually arrives.
Timid men were anticipating another civil war.
AnOtic7iOpa6tion (?), n. [L. anticipatio: cf. F.
anticipation.] 1. The act of anticipating, taking up,
placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the
proper time in natural order.
So shall my anticipation prevent your discovery.
2. Previous view or impression of what is to happen;
instinctive prevision; foretaste; antepast; as, the
anticipation of the joys of heaven.
The happy anticipation of renewed existence in company with
the spirits of the just.
3. Hasty notion; intuitive preconception.
Many men give themselves up to the first anticipations of
their minds.
4. (Mus.) The commencing of one or more tones of a chord
with or during the chord preceding, forming a momentary
Syn. - Preoccupation; preclusion; foretaste; prelibation;
antepast; pregustation; preconception; expectation;
foresight; forethought.
AnOtic6iOpaOtive (?), a. Anticipating, or containing
anticipation. =Anticipative of the feast to come.8 Cary. P
AnOtic6iOpaOtiveOly, adv.
AnOtic6iOpa7tor (?), n. One who anticipates.
AnOtic6iOpaOtoOry (?), a. Forecasting; of the nature of
Here is an anticipatory glance of what was to be.
J. C. Shairp.
An7tiOciv6ic (?), n. Opposed to citizenship.
An7tiOciv6ism (?), n. Opposition to the body politic of
citizens. [Obs.]
An7tiOclas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO = Gr. ? to break.]
Having to opposite curvatures, that is, curved
longitudinally in one direction and transversely in the
opposite direction, as the surface of a saddle.
An7tiOcli6max (?), n. (Rhet.) A sentence in which the ideas
fall, or become less important and striking, at the close; P
the opposite of climax. It produces a ridiculous effect.
Next comes Dalhousie, the great god of war,
LieutenantOcolonel to the Earl ?? Mar.
An7tiOcli6nal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to incline.]
Inclining or dipping in opposite directions. See Synclinal.
w line, w axis (Geol.), a line from which strata dip in
opposite directions, as from the ridge of a roof. P w
vertebra (Anat.), one of the dorsal vertebr., which in many
animals has an upright spine toward which the spines of the
neighboring vertebr. are inclined. 
An7tiOcli6nal, n. (Geol.) The crest or line in which strata
slope or dip in opposite directions.
X An7tiOcliOno6riOum (?), n.; pl. Anticlinoria (?). [NL.,
fr. Gr. ? against + ? to incline + ? mountain.]] (Geol.) The
upward elevation of the crust of the earth, resulting from a
An6ticOly (?), adv. Oddly; grotesquely.
An6ticPmask7 (?), n. An antimask.
B. Jonson.
An6ticOness, n. The quality of being antic.
An7tiOcon7stiOtu6tionOal (?), a. Opposed to the
constitution; unconstitutional.
An7tiOconOta6gious (?), a. (Med.) Opposing or destroying
An7tiOconOvul6sive (?), a. (Med.) Good against convulsions.
J. Floyer.
An6tiOcor (?), n. [Pref. antiO + L. cor heart; cf. F.
antic?ur.] (Far.) A dangerous inflammatory swelling of a
horse's breast, just opposite the heart.
AnOti6cous (?), a. [L. anticus in front, foremost, fr. ante
before.] (Bot.) Facing toward the axis of the flower, as in
the introrse anthers of the water lily.
An6tiOcy7clone (?), n. (Meteorol.) A movement of the
atmosphere opposite in character, as regards direction of
the wind and distribution of barometric pressure, to that of
a cyclone. P An7tiOcyOclon6ic (?), a. P
An7tiOcyOclon6icOalOly (?), adv.
An6tiOdo7tal (?)(?) a. Having the quality an antidote;
fitted to counteract the effects of poison. Sir T. Browne. P
An6tiOdo7talOly, adv.
An6tiOdo7taOry (?), a. Antidotal. P n. Antidote; also, a
book of antidotes.
An6tiOdote (?), n. [L. antidotum, Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? given
against; ? against + ? to give: cf. F. antidote. See Dose,
n.] 1. A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of
anything noxious taken into the stomach; P used with
against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to,
2. Whatever tends to prevent mischievous effects, or to
counteract evil which something else might produce.
An6tiOdote, v. t. 1. To counteract or prevent the effects
of, by giving or taking an antidote.
Nor could Alexander himself... antidote... the poisonous
draught, when it had once got into his veins.
2. To fortify or preserve by an antidote.
An7tiOdot6icOal (?), a. Serving as an antidote. P
An7tiOdot6icOalOly, adv.
AnOtid6roOmous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? a running.]
(Bot.) Changing the direction in the spiral sequence of
leaves on a stem.
An7tiOdys7enOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against dysentery. P
n. A medicine for dysentery.
An7tiOeOmet6ic (?), a. ? n. (Med.) Same as Antemetic.
An7tiOeph7iOal6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Antephialtic.
An7tiOep7iOlep6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Antepileptic.
An7tiOfe6brile (?), a. & n. (Med.) Febrifuge.
An7tiOfeb6rine (?), n. (Med.) Acetanilide.
An7tiPfed6erOalOist (?), n. One of party opposed to a
federative government; P applied particularly to the party
which opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United
An7tiOfric6tion (?), n. Something to lesse? friction;
antiattrition. P a. Tending to lessen friction.
An7tiOgaOlas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, milk.]
Causing a diminution or a suppression of the secretion of
An7tiOGal6liOcan (?), a. Opposed to what is Gallic or
An6tiOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? a transcribing: cf. F.
antigraphe.] A copy or transcript.
An7tiOgug6gler (?)(?) n. [Pref. antiO + guggle or gurgle.] A
crooked tube of metal, to be introduced into the neck of a
bottle for drawing out the liquid without disturbing the
sediment or causing a gurgling noise.
An7tiOhe6lix (?), n. (Anat.) The curved elevation of the
cartilage of the ear, within or in front o? the helix. See
An7tiOhem7orOrhag6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to stop
hemorrhage. P n. A remedy hemorrhage.
An7tiOhy7droOphob6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting or
preventing hydrophobia. P n. A remedy for hydrophobia.
An7tiOhyOdrop6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against dropsy. P n. A
remedy for dropsy.
An7tiOhypOnot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to prevent sleep. P
n. An antihypnotic agent.
An7tiOhyp7oOchon6driOac (?), a. (Med.) Counteractive of
hypochondria. P n. A remedy for hypochondria.
An7tiOhysOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting hysteria. P n.
A remedy for hysteria.
An7tiOicOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against jaundice. P n. A
remedy for jaundice.
X An7tiOleOgom6eOna (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? against + ?
to speak; part. pass. ?.] (Eccl.) Certain books of the New
Testament which were for a time not universally received,
but which are now considered canonical. These are the
Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistles of James and Jude, the
second Epistle of Peter, the second and third Epistles of
John, and the Revelation. The undisputed books are called
the Homologoumena. 
An7tiOliObra6tion (?), n. A balancing; equipoise. [R.]
De Quincey.

An7tiOlith6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to prevent the
formation of urinary calculi, or to destroy them when
formed. P n. An antilithic medicine.
An7tiOlog6aOrithm (?), n. (Math.) The number corresponding
to a logarithm. The word has been sometimes, though rarely,
used to denote the complement of a given logarithm; also the
logarithmic cosine corresponding to a given logarithmic
sine. P An7tiOlog7aOrith6mic (?), a.
AnOtil6oOgous (?), a. Of the contrary name or character; P
opposed to analogous.
w pole (Eccl.), that pole of a crystal which becomes
negatively electrified when heated.
AnOtil6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Antilogies (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ?
contradictory; ? against + ? to speak.] A contradiction
between any words or passages in an author.
Sir W. Hamilton.

<-- p. 65 -->

An7tiOloi6mic (?), n. (Med.) A remedy against the plague.
Brande & C.
AnOtil6oOpine (?), a. Of or relating to the antelope.
AnOtil6oOquist (?), n. A contradicter. [Obs.]
AnOtil6oOquy (?), n. [Pref. antiO + L. loqui to speak.]
Contradiction. [Obs.]
An7tiOlys6sic (?), a. & n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? rage,
madness.] (Med.) Antihydrophobic.
An7tiOmaOcas6sar (?), n. A cover for the back or arms of a
chair or sofa, etc., to prevent them from being soiled by
macassar or other oil from the hair.
An7tiOmaOgis6tricOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + magistrical for
magistratical.] Opposed to the office or authority of
magistrates. [Obs.]
An7tiOmaOla6riOal (?), a. Good against malaria.
An6tiOmask7 (?), n. A secondary mask, or grotesque
interlude, between the parts of a serious mask. [Written
also antimasque.]
An7tiOma6son (?), n. One opposed to Freemasonry. P
An7tiOmaOson6ic (?), a.
An7tiOma6sonOry (?), n. Opposition to Freemasonry.
An7tiOmeOphit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against mephitic or
deleterious gases. P n. A remedy against mephitic gases.
An6tiOmere (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Omere.] (Biol.) One of the
two halves of bilaterally symmetrical animals; one of any
opposite symmetrical or homotypic parts in animals and
X An7tiOmeOtab6oOle (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) A
figure in which the same words or ideas are repeated in
transposed order.
X An7tiOmeOtath6eOsis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) An
antithesis in which the members are repeated in inverse
AnOtim6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? like + ? measure.] A
modification of the quadrant, for measuring small angles.
An7tiOmoOnar6chic (?), An7tiOmoOnar6chicOal (?), } Opposed
to monarchial government. 
Bp. Benson. Addison.
An7tiOmon6archOist (?), n. An enemy to monarchial
An7tiOmo6nate (?), n.(Chem.) A compound of antimonic acid
with a base or basic radical. [Written also antimoniate.]
An7tiOmo6niOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to antimony. P n.
(Med.) A preparation or medicine containing antimony.
w powder, a consisting of one part oxide of antimony and two
parts phosphate of calcium; P also called James's powder. 
An7tiOmo6niOa7ted (?), a. Combined or prepared with
antimony; as, antimoniated tartar.
An7tiOmon6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from,
antimony; P said of those compounds of antimony in which
this element has its highest equivalence; as, antimonic
An7tiOmo6niOous (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived
from, antimony; P said of those compounds of antimony in
which this element has an equivalence next lower than the
highest; as, antimonious acid.
An6tiOmoOnite7 (?), n. 1. (Chem.) A compound of antimonious
acid and a base or basic radical.
2. (Min.) Stibnite.
An7tiOmo6niOuOret7ed (?), a. (Chem.) Combined with or
containing antimony; as, antimoniureted hydrogen. [Written
also antimoniuretted.]
An6tiOmoOny (?; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown
origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal
in its appearance and physical properties, but in its
chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic
substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb.
5 It is of tinPwhite color, brittle, laminated or
crystalline, fusible, and vaporizable at a rather low
temperature. It is used in some metallic alloys, as type
metal and bell metal, and also for medical preparations,
which are in general emetics or cathartics. By ancient
writers, and some moderns, the term is applied to native
gray ore of antimony, or stibnite (the stibium of the
Romans, and the ? of the Greeks, a sulphide of ~, from
which most of the ~ of commerce is obtained. Cervantite,
senarmontite, and valentinite are native oxides of ~.
An7tiOna6tionOal (?), a. Antagonistic to one's country or
nation, or to a national government.
An7tiOneOphrit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting, or deemed of
use in, diseases of the kidneys. P n. An ~ remedy.
An7tiOno6miOan (?), a. [See Antimony.] Of or pertaining to
the Antinomians; opposed to the doctrine that the moral law
is obligatory.
An7tiOno6miOan, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One who maintains that,
under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or
obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation.
The sect of Antinomians originated with John Agricola, in
Germany, about the year 1535.
An7tiOno6miOanOism (?), n. The tenets or practice of
AnOtin6oOmist (?), n. An Antinomian. [R.]
Bp. Sanderson.
AnOtin6oOmy (?; 277), n.; pl. Antinomies (?). [L. antinomia,
Gr. ?; ? against + ? law.] 1. Opposition of one law or rule
to another law or rule.
Different commentators have deduced from it the very
opposite doctrines. In some instances this apparent antinomy
is doubtful.
De Quincey.
2. An opposing law or rule of any kind.
As it were by his own antinomy, or counterstatute.
3. (Metaph.) A contradiction or incompatibility of thought
or language; P in the Kantian philosophy, such a
contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the
ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are
appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience.
An7tiOo6chiOan (?), a. 1. Pertaining to Antiochus, a
contemporary with Cicero, and the founder of a sect of
2. Of or pertaining to the city of Antioch, in Syria.
w epoch (Chron.), a method of computing time, from the
proclamation of liberty granted to the city of Antioch,
about the time of the battle of Pharsalia, b. c. 48.
An7tiOo7donOtal6gic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious in curing
toothache. P n. A remedy for toothache.
An7tiOorOgas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to swell, as
with lust.] (Med.) Tending to allay venereal excitement or
desire; sedative.
An7tiOpa6pal (?), a. Opposed to the pope or to popery.
An7tiOpar6alOlel (?), a. Running in a contrary direction.
An7tiOpar6alOlels (?), n. pl. (Geom.) Straight lines or
planes which make angles in some respect opposite in
character to those made by parallel lines or planes.
An7tiOpar7aOlyt6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against paralysis. P
n. A medicine for paralysis.
An7tiOpar7aOlyt6icOal (?), a. Antiparalytic.
An7tiOpaOthet6ic (?), An7tiOpaOthet6icOal (?), } a. Having a
natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion, to a thing;
characterized by antipathy; P often followed by to.
An7tiOpath6ic (?), a. [NL. antipathicus, Gr. ? of opposite
feelings.] (Med.) Belonging to antipathy; opposite;
contrary; allopathic.
AnOtip6aOthist (?), n. One who has an antipathy. [R.]
=Antipathist of light.8
AnOtip6aOthous (?), a. Having a natural contrariety;
adverse; antipathetic. [Obs.]
Beau. & Fl.
AnOtip6aOthize (?), v. i. To feel or show antipathy. [R.]
AnOtip6aOthy (?), n.; pl. Antipathies (?). [L. antipathia,
Gr. ?; ? against + ? to suffer. Cf. F. antipathie. See
Pathos.] 1. Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled
aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste.
Inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and
passionate attachments to others, are to be avoided.
2. Natural contrariety; incompatibility; repugnancy of
qualities; as, oil and water have antipathy.
A habit is generated of thinking that a natural antipathy
exists between hope and reason.
I. Taylor.
5 Antipathy is opposed to sympathy. It is followed by to,
against, or between; also sometimes by for.
Syn. - Hatred; aversion; dislike; disgust; distaste; enmity;
ill will; repugnance; contrariety; opposition. See Dislike.
An7tiOpep6tone (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A product of gastric
and pancreatic digestion, differing from hemipeptone in not
being decomposed by the continued action of pancreatic
An7tiOpe7riOod6ic (?), n. (Med.) A remedy possessing the
property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or
exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers.
An7tiOper7iOstal6tic (?), a. (Med.) Opposed to, or checking
motion; acting upward; P applied to an inverted action of
the intestinal tube.
X An7tiOpeOris6taOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? against + ? a
standing around, fr. ? to stand around; ? around + ? to
stand.] Opposition by which the quality opposed asquires
strength; resistance or reaction roused by opposition or by
the action of an opposite principle or quality.
An7tiOper7iOstat6ic (?), a. Pertaining to antiperistasis.
An7tiOpet6alOous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + petal.] (Bot.)
Standing before a petal, as a stamen.
An7tiOphar6mic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? poison.] (Med.)
Antidotal; alexipharmic.
An7tiOphloOgis6tian (?), n. An opposer of the theory of
An7tiOphloOgis6tic (?), a. 1. (Chem.) Opposed to the
doctrine of phlogiston.
2. (Med.) Counteracting inflammation.
An7tiOphloOgis6tic, n. (Med.) Any medicine or diet which
tends to check inflammation.
An6tiOphon (?), n. [LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. ?. See Anthem.]
1. A musical response; alternate singing or chanting. See
Antiphony, and Antiphone.
2. A verse said before and after the psalms.
AnOtiph6oOnal (?), a. Of or pertaining to antiphony, or
alternate singing; sung alternately by a divided choir or
opposite choirs. Wheatly. P AnOtiph6oOnalOly, adv.
AnOtiph6oOnal, n. A book of antiphons or anthems.
AnOtiph6oOnaOry (?), n. [LL. antiphonarium. See Antiphoner.]
A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in
which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical
notes, are contained.
An6tiOphone (?), n. (Mus.) The response which one side of
the choir makes to the other in a chant; alternate chanting
or signing.
AnOtiph6oOner (?), n. [F. antiphonaire. See Antiphon.] A
book of antiphons.

An7tiOphon6ic (?), a. Antiphonal.
AnOtiph6oOny (?), n.; pl. Antiphonies (?). [See Antiphon.]
1. A musical response; also, antiphonal chanting or signing.
2. An anthem or psalm sung alternately by a choir or
congregation divided into two parts. Also figuratively.
O! never more for me shall winds intone,
With all your tops, a vast antiphony.
R. Browning.
X AnOtiph6raOsis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to express by
antithesis or negation.] (Rhet.) The use of words in a sense
opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice
is called a court of vengeance.
An7tiOphras6tic (?), An7tiOphras6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.]
Pertaining to antiphrasis. P An7tiOphras6ticOalOly, adv.
An7tiOphthis6ic (?), a. (Med.) Relieving or curing phthisis,
or consumption. P n. A medicine for phthisis.
An7tiOphys6icOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + physical.] Contrary
to nature; unnatural.
An7tiOphys6icOal, a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to inflate.]
(Med.) Relieving flatulence; carminative.
An7tiOplas6tic (?), a. 1. Diminishing plasticity.
2. (Med.) Preventing or checking the process of healing, or
An7tiOpoOdag6ric (?), a. (Med.) Good against gout. P n. A
medicine for gout.
AnOtip6oOdal (?), a. 1. Pertaining to the antipodes;
situated on the opposite side of the globe.
2. Diametrically opposite. His antipodal shadow.8
An6tiOpode (?), n. One of the antipodes; anything exactly
In tale or history your beggar is ever the just antipode to
your king.
5 The singular, antipode, is exceptional in formation, but
has been used by good writers. Its regular English plural
would be ?, the last syllable rhyming with abodes, and this
pronunciation is sometimes heard. The plural form
(originally a Latin word without a singular) is in common
use, and is pronounced, after the English method of Latin,
An7tiOpo6deOan (?), a. Pertaining to the antipodes, or the
opposite side of the world; antipodal.
AnOtip6oOdes (?), n. [L. pl., fr. Gr. ? with the feet
opposite, pl. ? ?; ? against + ?, ?, foot.] 1. Those who
live on the side of the globe diametrically opposite.
2. The country of those who live on the opposite side of the
3. Anything exactly opposite or contrary.
Can there be a greater contrariety unto Christ's judgment, a
more perfect antipodes to all that hath hitherto been
An6tiOpole (?), n. The opposite pole; anything diametrically
Geo. Eliot.
An6tiOpope (?), n. One who is elected, or claims to be, pope
in opposition to the pope canonically chosen; esp. applied
to those popes who resided at Avignon during the Great
An7tipOsor6ic (?), a. (Med.) Of use in curing the itch. P n.
An antipsoric remedy.
X An7tipOto6sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? against + ? a
falling, a case, ? to fall.] (Gram.) The putting of one case
for another. 
An7tiOpu7treOfac6tive (?), An7tiOpuOtres6cent (?), } a.
Counteracting, or preserving from, putrefaction; antiseptic.
An7tiOpy6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, pus.] (Med.)
Checking or preventing suppuration. P n. An antipyic
X An7tiOpyOre6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? against + ? to be
feverish, fr. ? fire.] (Med.) The condition or state of
being free from fever.
An7tiOpyOret6ic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious in preventing or
allaying fever. P n. A febrifuge.
An7tiOpy6rine (?), n. (Med.) An artificial alkaloid,
believed to be efficient in abating fever.
An7tiOpyOrot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against burns or
pyrosis. P n. Anything of use in preventing or healing burns
or pyrosis.
An7tiOqua6riOan (?), a. [See Antiquary. Pertaining to
antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiqua rian literature.
An7tiOqua6riOan, n. 1. An antiquary.
2. A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n.
An7tiOqua6riOanOism (?), n. Character of an antiquary; study
or love of antiquities.
An7tiOqua6riOanOize (?), v. i. To act the part of an
antiquary. [Colloq.]
An6tiOquaOry (?), a. [L. antiquarius, fr. antiquus ancient.
See Antique.] Pertaining to antiquity. [R.] =Instructed by
the antiquary times.8
An6tiOquaOry, n.; pl. Antiquaries (?). One devoted to the
study of ancient times through their relics, as
inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations,
statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and
studies the relics of antiquity.
An6tiOquate (?), v. t. [L. antiquatus, p. p. of antiquare,
fr. antiquus ancient.] To make old, or obsolete; to make
antique; to make old in such a degree as to put out of use;
hence, to make void, or abrogate. 
Christianity might reasonably introduce new laws, and
antiquate or abrogate old one.
Sir M. Hale.
An6tiOqua7ted (?), a. Grown old. Hence: Bygone; obsolete;
out of use; oldPfashioned; as, an antiquated law.
=Antiquated words.8
Old Janet, for so he understood his antiquated attendant was
Sir W. Scott.
Syn. - Ancient; old; antique; obsolete. See Ancient.
An6tiOqua7tedOness, n. Quality of being antiquated.
An6tiOquateOness (?), n. Antiquatedness. [Obs.]
An7tiOqua6tion (?), n. [L. antiquatio, fr. antiquare.] The
act of making antiquated, or the state of being antiquated.
AnOtique6 (?), a. [F., fr. L. antiquus old, ancient, equiv.
to anticus, from ante before. Cf. Antic.]
1. Old; ancient; of genuine antiquity; as, an antique
statue. In this sense it usually refers to the flourishing
ages of Greece and Rome.
For the antique world excess and pride did hate.

<-- p. 66 -->

2. Old, as respects the present age, or a modern period of
time; of old fashion; antiquated; as, an antique robe.
=Antique words.8
3. Made in imitation of antiquity; as, the antique style of
Thomson's =Castle of Indolence.8
4. Odd; fantastic. [In this sense, written antic.]
Syn. - Ancient; antiquated; obsolete; antic; oldPfashioned;
old. See Ancient.
AnOtique6 (?), n. [F. See Antique, a. ] In general, anything
very old; but in a more limited sense, a relic or object of
ancient art; collectively, the antique, the remains of
ancient art, as busts, statues, paintings, and vases.
Misshapen monuments and maimed antiques.
AnOtique6ly, adv. In an antique manner.
AnOtique6ness, n. The quality of being antique; an
appearance of ancient origin and workmanship.
We may discover something venerable in the antiqueness of
the work.
An6tiOquist (?), n. An antiquary; a collector of antiques.
AnOtiq7uiOta6riOan (?), n. An admirer of antiquity. [Used by
Milton in a disparaging sense.] [Obs.]
AnOtiq6uiOty (?), n.; pl. Antiquities (?). [L. antiquitas,
fr. antiquus: cf. F. antiquit.. See Antique.] 1. The quality
of being ancient; ancientness; great age; as, a statue of
remarkable antiquity; a family of great antiquity.
2. Old age. [Obs.]
It not your voice broken?... and every part about you
blasted with antiquity?
3. Ancient times; former ages; times long since past; as,
Cicero was an eloquent orator of antiquity.
4. The ancients; the people of ancient times.
That such pillars were raised by Seth all antiquity has
Sir W. Raleigh.
5. An old gentleman. [Obs.]
You are a shrewd antiquity, neighbor Clench.
B. Jonson.
6. A relic or monument of ancient times; as, a coin, a
statue, etc.; an ancient institution. [In this sense,
usually in the plural.] =Heathen antiquities.8
An7tiOraOchit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against the rickets.
An7tiOrent6er (?), n. One opposed to the payment of rent;
esp. one of those who in 1840P47 resisted the collection of
rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain
manorial lands in the State of New York. P An7tiOrent6ism
(?), n.
An7tiOsab7baOta6riOan (?), n. (Eccl.) One of a sect which
opposes the observance of the Christian Sabbath.
An7tiOsac7erOdo6tal (?), a. Hostile to priests or the
AnOtis6cians (?), X AnOtis6ciOi (?), } n. pl. [L. antiscii,
Gr. ?, pl.; ? against + ? shadow.] The inhabitants of the
earth, living on different sides of the equator, whose
shadows at noon are cast in opposite directions.
The inhabitants of the north and south temperate zones are
always Antiscians.
Brande & C.
An7tiOscoOlet6ic (?), An7tiOscol6ic (?), } a. [Pref. antiO +
Gr. ? a worm.] (Med.) Anthelmintic.
An7tiOscorObu6tic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting scurvy. P n.
A remedy for scurvy.
An7tiOscorObu6ticOal (?), a. (Med.) Antiscorbutic.
An7tiOscrip6turOal (?), a. Opposed to, or not in accordance
with, the Holy Scriptures.
An7tiOsep6alOous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + sepal.] (Bot.)
Standing before a sepal, or calyx leaf.
An7tiOsep6tic (?), An7tiOsep6ticOal (?), } a. Counteracting
or preventing putrefaction, or a putrescent tendency in the
system; antiputrefactive.
w surgery, that system of surgical practice which insists
upon a systematic use of antiseptics in the performance of
operations and the dressing of wounds.
An7tiOsep6tic, n. A substance which prevents or retards
putrefaction, or destroys, or protects from, putrefactive
organisms; as, salt, carbolic acid, alcohol, cinchona.
An7tiOsep6ticOalOly (?), adv. By means of antiseptics.
An7tiOslav6erOy (?), a. Opposed to slavery. P n. Opposition
to slavery.
An7tiOso6cial (?), a. Tending to interrupt or destroy social
intercourse; averse to society, or hostile to its existence;
as, antisocial principles.
An7tiOso6cialOist, n. One opposed to the doctrines and
practices of socialists or socialism.
An7tiOso6lar (?), a. Opposite to the sun; P said of the
point in the heavens 1800 distant from the sun.
An7tiOspasOmod6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against spasms. P n. A
medicine which prevents or allays spasms or convulsions.
An6tiOspast (?), n. [L. antispastus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to draw
the contrary way; ? against + ? to draw.] (Pros.) A foot of
four syllables, the first and fourth short, and the second
and third long (?).
An7tiOspas6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?. See Antispast.] (Med.) (a)
Believed to cause a revulsion of fluids or of humors from
one part to another. [Obs.] (b) Counteracting spasms;
antispasmodic. P n. An antispastic agent.
An7tiOsplen6eOtic (?; see Splenetic, 277), a. Good as a
remedy against disease of the spleen. P n. An ~ medicine.
X AnOtis6troOphe (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn to
the opposite side; ? against + ? to turn. See Strophe.] 1.
In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus,
exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from
right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral
It was customary, on some occasions, to dance round the
altars whilst they sang the sacred hymns, which consisted of
three stanzas or parts; the first of which, called strophe,
was sung in turning from east to west; the other, named
antistrophe, in returning from west to east; then they stood
before the altar, and sang the epode, which was the last
part of the song.
Abp. Potter.
2. (Rhet.) (a) The repetition of words in an inverse order;
as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master.
(b) The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against
An7tiOstroph6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to an
X AnOtis6troOphon (?), n. [Gr. ? turned opposite ways.]
(Rhet.) An argument retorted on an opponent.
An7tiOstru6mat6ic (?), a. (Med.) Antistrumous. P n. A
medicine for scrofula.
An7tiOstru6mous (?), a. (Med.) Good against scrofulous
Johnson. Wiseman.
An7tiOsyph7iOlit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious against
syphilis. P n. A medicine for syphilis.
An7tiOthe6ism (?), n. The doctrine of antitheists. P
An7tiOtheOis6tic (?), a.
An7tiOthe6ist, n. A disbeliever in the existence of God.
AnOtith6eOsis (?), n.; pl. Antitheses (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?,
fr. ? to set against, to oppose; ? against + ? to set. See
Thesis.] 1. (Rhet.) An opposition or contrast of words or
sentiments occurring in the same sentence; as, =The prodigal
robs his heir; the miser robs himself.8 He had covertly shot
at Cromwell; he how openly aimed at the Queen.8
2. The second of two clauses forming an ~.
3. Opposition; contrast.
An6tiOthet (?), n. [L. antitheton, fr. Gr. ?, ?,
antithetic.] An antithetic or contrasted statement.
An7tiOthet6ic (?), An7tiOthet6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.]
Pertaining to antithesis, or opposition of words and
sentiments; containing, or of the nature of, antithesis;
An7tiOthet6icOalOly, adv. By way antithesis.
An7tiOtox6in , An7tiOtox6ine } (?), n. [Pref. antiO +
toxin.] A substance (sometimes the product of a specific
microPorganism and sometimes naturally present in the blood
or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from
certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects
of pathogenic bacteria.
An6tiPtrade7 (?), n. A tropical wind blowing steadily in a
direction opposite to the trade wind.
X AnOtit6raOgus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Anat.) A
prominence on the lower posterior portion of the concha of
the external ear, opposite the tragus. See Ear.
X An7tiOtroOchan6ter (?), n. (Anat.) An articular surface on
the ilium of birds against which the great trochanter of the
femur plays.
AnOtit6roOpal (?), AnOtit6roOpous (?), } a. [Pref. antiO +
Gr. ? turn, ? to turn.] (Bot.) At the extremity most remote
from the hilum, as the embryo, or inverted with respect to
the seed, as the radicle.
An6tiOty7pal (?), a. Antitypical. [R.]
An6tiOtype (?), n. [Gr. ? of corresponding form; ? against +
? type, figure. See Type.] That of which the type pattern or
representation; that which is represented by the type or
An7tiOtyp6icOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to an antitype;
explaining the type. P An7tiOtyp6icOalOly, adv.
AnOtit6yOpous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Resisting blows; hard. [Obs.]
AnOtit6yOpy (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Opposition or resistance of
matter to force. [R.]
Sir W. Hamilton.
An7tiOvac7ciOna6tion (?), n. Opposition to vaccination.
London Times.
An7tiOvac7ciOna6tionOist, n. An antivaccinist.
An7tiOvac6ciOnist, n. One opposed to vaccination.
An7tiOvaOri6oOlous (?), a. Preventing the contagion of
An7tiOveOne6reOal (?), a. Good against venereal poison;
An7tiOviv7iOsec6tion (?), n. Opposition to vivisection.
An7tiOviv7iOsec6tionOist, n. One opposed to vivisection
An7tiOzym6ic (?), a. Preventing fermentation.
An7tiOzyOmot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Preventing fermentation or
decomposition. P n. An agent so used.
Ant6ler (?), n. [OE. auntelere, OF. antoillier, andoiller,
endouiller, fr. F. andouiller, fr. an assumed LL.
antocularis, fr. L. ante before + oculus eye. See Ocular.]
(Zo.l.) The entire horn, or any branch of the horn, of a
cervine animal, as of a stag.
Huge stags with sixteen antlers.
5 The branch next to the head is called the brow antler, and
the branch next above, the bez antler, or bay antler. The
main stem is the beam, and the branches are often called
tynes. Antlers are deciduous bony (not horny) growths, and
are covered with a periosteum while growing. See Velvet.
w moth (Zo.l.), a destructive European moth (Cerapteryx
graminis), which devastates grass lands.
Ant6lered (?), a. Furnished with antlers.
The antlered stag.
X Ant6liOa (?), n.; pl. Antil. (?). [L., a pump, Gr. ? hold
of a ship.] (Zo.l.) The spiral tubular proboscis of
lepidopterous insects. See Lepidoptera.
Ant6Pli7on (?), n. (Zo.l.) A neuropterous insect, the larva
of which makes in the sand a pitfall to capture ants, etc.
The common American species is Myrmeleon obsoletus, the
European is M. formicarius.
X AnOt?6ci (?), AnOt?6Ocians (?), n. pl. [NL. antoeci, fr.
Gr. pl. ?; ? opposite + ? to live.] Those who live under the
same meridian, but on opposite parallels of latitude, north
and south of the equator.
X An7toOnoOma6siOa (?; 277), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to
name instead; ? + ? to name, ? name.] (Rhet.) The use of
some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the
like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his
majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle,
we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper
name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called
a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero.
An7toOnoOmas6tic (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by,
antonomasia. P An7toOnoOmas6ticOalOly (?), adv.
AnOton6oOmaOsy (?), n. Antonomasia.
An6toOnym (?), n. [Gr. ? a word used in substitution for
another; ? + ?, ?, a word.] A word of opposite meaning; a
counterterm; P used as a correlative of synonym. [R.]
C. J. Smith.
AntOor6bitOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + orbital.] (Anat.)
Pertaining to, or situated in, the region of the front of
the orbit. P n. The ~ bone.
Ant7orOgas6tic (?), a. See Antiorgastic.
AntOo6zone (?), n. [Pref. antiO + ozone.] (Chem.) A compound
formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now
known to be hydrogen dioxide; P so called because apparently
antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.
An6tral (?), a. (Anat.) Relating to an antrum.
An6tre (?), n. [F. antre, L. antrum, fr. Gr. ?.] A cavern.
AnOtrorse6 (?), a. [From L. ante + versun turned; apparently
formed in imitation of re?rorse.] (Bot.) Forward or upward
in direction.

An7troOvert6 (?), v. t. To bend forward. [R.]
X An6trum (?), n.; pl. Antra (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?.] A cavern
or cavity, esp. an anatomical cavity or sinus.

X AnOtrus6tion (?), n. [F., fr. LL. antrustio.] A vassal or
voluntary follower of Frankish princes in their enterprises.
Ant6 thrush7 (?). (Zo.l.) (a) One of several species of
tropical birds, of the Old World, of the genus Pitta,
somewhat resembling the thrushes, and feeding chiefly on
ants. (b) See Ant bird, under Ant.
X AOnu6bis (?), n. [L.] (Myth.) An Egyptian deity, the
conductor of departed spirits, represented by a human figure
with the head of a dog or fox.
X AOnu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? a tail.]
(Zo.l.) One of the orders of amphibians characterized by the
absence of a tail, as the frogs and toads. [Written also
AOnu6rous (?), a. (Zo.l.) Destitute of a tail, as the frogs
and toads, [Also written anourous.]
An6uOry (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? urine.] (Med.) Nonsecretion
or defective secretion of urine; ischury.
X A6nus (?), n. [L., prob. for asnus: cf. Gr. ? to sit, Skr.
>s.] (Anat.) The posterior opening of the alimentary canal,
through which the excrements are expelled.
An6vil (?), n. [OE. anvelt, anfelt, anefelt, AS. anfilt,
onfilt; of uncertain origin; cf. OHG. anafalz, D. aanbeld.]
1. An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which
metals are hammered and shaped.
2. Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use.
Specifically (Anat.), the incus. See Incus.
To be on the ~, to be in a state of discussion, formation,
or preparation, as when a scheme or measure is forming, but
not matured.
An6vil, v. t. To form or shape on an ~; to hammer out; as,
anviled armor.
Beau. & Fl.
AnxOi6eOtude (?), n. [L. anxietudo.] The state of being
anxious; anxiety. [R.]
AnxOi6eOty (?), n.; pl. Anxieties (?). [L. anxietas, fr.
anxius: cf. F. anxi.t.. See Anxious.]

<-- p. 67 -->

1. Concern or solicitude respecting some thing o??vent,
future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it
in a state of painful uneasiness.
2. Eager desire.
J. D. Forbes
3. (Med.) A state of restlessness and agitation, often with
general indisposition and a distressing sense of oppression
at the epigastrium.
Syn. - Care; solicitude; foreboding; uneasiness; perplexity;
disquietude; disquiet; trouble; apprehension; restlessness.
See Care.
Anx6ious (?), a. [L. anxius, fr. angere to cause pain,
choke; akin to Gr. ? to choke. See Anger.] 1. Full of
anxiety or disquietude; greatly concerned or solicitous,
esp. respecting future or unknown; being in painful
suspense; P applied to persons; as, anxious for the issue of
a battle.
2. Accompanied with, or causing, anxiety; worrying; P
applied to things; as, anxious labor.
The sweet of life, from which
God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares.
3. Earnestly desirous; as, anxious to please.
He sneers alike at those who are anxious to preserve and at
those who are eager for reform.
Anxious is followed by for, about, concerning, etc., before
the object of solicitude.
Syn. - Solicitous; careful; uneasy; unquiet; restless;
concerned; disturbed; watchful.
Anx6iousOly, adv. In an anxious manner; with painful
uncertainty; solicitously.
Anx6iousOness, n. The quality of being anxious; great
solicitude; anxiety.
A6ny (?), a. & pron. [OE. .ni?, .ni, eni, ani, oni, AS.
?nig, fr. >n one. It is akin to OS. ?nig, OHG. einic, G.
einig, D. eenig. See One.] 1. One indifferently, out of an
indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever
it may be.
5 Any is often used in denying or asserting without
limitation; as, this thing ought not be done at any time; I
ask any one to answer my question.
No man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any
man the Father, save the Son.
Matt. xi. 27.
2. Some, of whatever kind, quantity, or number; as, are
there any witnesses present? are there any other houses like
it? =Who will show us any good?8
Ps. iv. 6.
It is often used, either in the singular or the plural, as a
pronoun, the person or thing being understood; anybody;
anyone; (pl.) any persons.
If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God,... and it
shall be given him.
Jas. i. 5.
That if he found any of this way, whether they were men or
women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.
Acts ix. 2.
At any rate, In any case, whatever may be the state of
affairs; anyhow.
A6ny, adv. To ~ extent; in ~ degree; at all.
You are not to go loose any longer.
Before you go any farther.
A6nyObodOy (?), n. 1. Any one out of an indefinite number of
persons; anyone; any person.
His Majesty could not keep any secret from anybody.
2. A person of consideration or standing. [Colloq.]
All the men belonged exclusively to the mechanical and
shopkeeping classes, and there was not a single banker or
anybody in the list.
Lond. Sat. Rev.
A6nyOhow7 (?), adv. In any way or manner whatever; at any
rate; in any event.
Anyhow, it must be acknowledged to be not a simple
selforiginated error.
J. H. Newman.
Anyhow, the languages of the two nations were closely
E. A. Freeman.
A6nyOone (?), n. One taken at random rather than by
selection; anybody. [Commonly written as two words.]
A6nyOthing (?), n. 1. Any object, act, state, event, or fact
whatever; thing of any kind; something or other; aught; as,
I would not do it for anything.
Did you ever know of anything so unlucky?
A. Trollope.
They do not know that anything is amiss with them.
W. G. Sumner.
2. Expressing an indefinite comparison; P with as or like.
[Colloq. or Low]
I fear your girl will grow as proud as anything.
5 Any thing, written as two words, is now commonly used in
contradistinction to any person or anybody. Formerly it was
also separated when used in the wider sense. =Necessity
drove them to undertake any thing and venture any thing.8
De Foe.
w but, not at all or in any respect. =The battle was a rare
one, and the victory anything but secure.8 Hawthorne. P w
like, in any respect; at all; as, I can not give anything
like a fair sketch of his trials. 
A6nyOthing, adv. In any measure; anywise; at all.
Mine old good will and hearty affection towards you is
not... anything at all quailed.
Robynson (More's Utopia).
A7nyOthingOa6riOan (?), n. One who holds to no particular
creed or dogma.
A6nyOway (?), A6nyOways (?), } adv. Anywise; at all.
Tennyson. Southey.
A6nyOwhere (?), adv. In any place.
A6nyOwhith7er (?), adv. To or towards any place. [Archaic]
De Foe.
A6nyOwise (?), adv. In any wise or way; at all. =Anywise
AOo6niOan (?), a. [From Aonia, a part of ??otia, in Greece.]
Pertaining to Aonia, B?otia, or to the Muses, who were
supposed to dwell there.
w fount, the fountain of Aganippe, at the foot of Mount
Helicon, not far from Thebes, and sacred to the Muses.
A6oOrist (?), n. [Gr. ? indefinite; ? priv. + ? to define, ?
boundary, limit.] (Gram.) A tense in the Greek language,
which expresses an action as completed in past time, but
leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate.
A7oOris6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Indefinite; pertaining to the
aorist tense.
AOor6ta (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to lift, heave.]
(Anat.) The great artery which carries the blood from the
heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main
trunk of the arterial system.
5 In fishes and the early stages of all higher vertebrates
the ~ divides near its origin into several branches (the
aortic arches) which pass in pairs round the ?sophagus and
unite to form the systemic ~. One or more pairs of these
arches persist in amphibia and reptiles, but only one arch
in birds and mammals, this being on the right side in the
former, and on the left in the latter.
AOor6tal (?), a. Aortic; resembling the aorta. [R.]
AOor6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the aorta.
X A7orOti6tis (?), n. [Aorta + Oitis.] (Med.) Inflammation
of the aorta.
X A6ouOdad (?), n. [The Moorish name.] (Zo.l.) An African
sheeplike quadruped (the Ammotragus tragelaphus) having a
long mane on the breast and fore legs. It is, perhaps, the
chamois of the Old Testament. 
AOpace6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + pace. OE. a pas at a walk, in
which a is the article. See Pace.] With a quick pace; quick;
fast; speedily.
His dewy locks did drop with brine apace.
A visible triumph of the gospel draw? on apace.
I. Taylor.
AOpa6ches (?), n. pl.; sing. Apache (?). (Ethnol.) A group
of nomadic North American Indians including several tribes
native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc. 
Ap7aOgo6ge (?), n. [Gr. ? a leading away, fr. ? to lead
away; ? from + ? to lead.] (Logic) An indirect argument
which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or
absurdity of the contrary.
Ap7aOgog6ic (?), Ap7aOgog6icOal (?), } a. Proving
indirectly, by showing the absurdity, or impossibility of
the contrary.
Bp. Berkeley.
AOpaid6 (?), a. Paid; pleased. [Obs.]
AOpair6 (?), v. t. & i. To impair or become impaired; to
injure. [Obs.]

Ap7aOla6chiOan , a. See Appalachian.
Ap6anOage , n. Same as Appanage.
AOpan6throOpy (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? man.] An aversion
to the company of men; a love of solitude.
X A6par (?), A6paOra (?), n. [Native name apara.] (Zo.l.)
See Mataco.
X A7paOre6jo (?), n. [Sp.] A kind of pack saddle used in the
American military service and among the Spanish Americans.
It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like.
X Ap7aOrith6meOsis (?; 277), n. [Gr. ?, from ? to count off
or over.] (Rhet.) Enumeration of parts or particulars.
AOpart6 (?), adv. [F. . part; (L. ad) + part part. See
Part.] 1. Separately, in regard to space or company; in a
state of separation as to place; aside.
Others apart sat on a hill retired.
The Lord hath set apart him that is godly for himself.
Ps. iv. 3.
2. In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of
distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, or as a
matter of thought; separately; independently; as, consider
the two propositions apart.
3. Aside; away. =Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and
superfluity of naughtiness.8
Jas. i. 21.
Let Pleasure go, put Care apart.
4. In two or more parts; asunder; to piece; as, to take a
piece of machinery apart.
AOpart6ment (?), n. [F. appartement; cf. It. appartamento,
fr. appartare to separate, set apart; all fr. L. ad + pars,
partis, part. See Apart.] 1. A room in a building; a
division in a house, separated from others by partitions.
2. A set or suite of rooms.
De Quincey.
3. A compartment. [Obs.]
AOpart6ness (?), n. The quality of standing apart.
X ApOas6tron (?), n. [Gr. ? from + ? star.] (Astron.) That
point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star
is farthest from its primary.
Ap7aOthet6ic (?), Ap7aOthet6icOal (?) a. [See Apathy.] Void
of feeling; not susceptible of deep emotion; passionless;
Ap7aOthet6icOalOly, adv. In an apathetic manner.
Ap6aOthist (?), n. [Cf. F. apathiste.] One who is destitute
of feeling.
Ap7aOthis6ticOal (?), a. Apathetic; une motional. [R.]
Ap6aOthy (?), n.; pl. Apathies (?). [L. apathia, Gr. ?; ?
priv. + ?, fr. ?, ?, to suffer: cf. F. apathie. See Pathos.]
Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or
excitement; dispassion; P applied either to the body or the
mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence,
or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or
roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or
passion. =The apathy of despair.8
A certain apathy or sluggishness in his nature which led
him... to leave events to take their own course.
According to the Stoics, apathy meant the extinction of the
passions by the ascendency of reason.
5 In the first ages of the church, the Christians adopted
the term to express a contempt of earthly concerns.
Syn. - Insensibility; unfeelingness; indifference;
unconcern; stoicism; supineness; sluggishness.
Ap6aOtite (?), n. [Gr. ? deceit, fr. ? to deceive; it having
been often mistaken for other minerals.] (Min.) Native
phosphate of lime, occurring usually in sixPsided prisms,
color often pale green, transparent or translucent.
A7pau7m.6 (?), n. See Appaum?.
Ape (?), n. [AS. apa; akin to D. aap, OHG. affo, G. affe,
Icel. api, Sw. apa, Dan. abe, W. epa.] 1. (Zo.l.) A
quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiad., having
teeth of the same number and form as in man, having teeth of
the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a
tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species
of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general
term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla,
chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or
man apes. 
5 The ape of the Old Testament was prqobably the rhesus
monkey of India, and allied forms.
2. One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of
the ape); a mimic.
3. A dupe. [Obs.]

Ape, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aped ; p. pr. & vb. n. Aping.] To
mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or
follow servilely or irrationally. =How he apes his sire.8
The people of England will not ape the fashions they have
never tried.
AOpeak6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + peak. Cf. F. . pic
vertically.] (Naut.) In a vertical line. The anchor in
apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring
the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove
apeak. [Spelt also a?eek.] 
Ape6hood (?), n. The state of being an ape.
AOpel6lous (?), a. [Pref. aO not + L. pellis skin.]
Destitute of skin.
Brande & C.
Ap6enOnine (?), a. [L. Apenninus, fr. Celtic pen, or ben,
peak, mountain.] Of, pertaining to, or designating, the
Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy.
AOpep6sy (?), n. [NL. apepsia, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? uncooked,
undigested; ? priv. + ? cooked, ? to cook, digest.] (Med.)
Defective digestion, indigestion.
Ap6er (?), n. One who apes.
X AOpe6reOa (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) The wild Guinea
pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).
AOpe6riOent (?), a. [L. aperiens, p. pr. of aperire to
uncover, open; ab + parire, parere, to bring forth, produce.
Cf. Cover, Overt.] (Med.) Gently opening the bowels;
laxative. P n. An aperient medicine or food.
AOper6iOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. ap.ritif, fr. L. aperire.]
Serving to open; aperient.
AOpert6 (?), a. [OF. apert, L. apertus, p. p. of aperire.
See Aperient, and cf. Pert, a.] Open; ev?dent; undisguised.
AOpert6, adv. Openly. [Obs.]
AOper6tion (?), n. [L. apertio.] The act of opening; an
opening; an aperture. [Archaic]
AOpert6ly, adv. Openly; clearly. [Archaic]
AOpert6ness, n. Openness; frankness. [Archaic]
Ap6erOture (?; 135), n. [L. apertura, fr. aperire. See
Aperient.] 1. The act of opening. [Obs.]
2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a
passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.
An aperture between the mountains.
The back aperture of the nostrils.
3. (Opt.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object
glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a
telescope of fourPinch aperture.
5 The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in degrees,
called also the angular aperture, which signifies the
angular breadth of the pencil of light which the instrument
transmits from the object or point viewed; as, a microscope
of 1000 aperture.
Ap6erOy (?), n.; pl. Aperies . 1. A place where apes are
kept. [R.]
2. The practice of aping; an apish action.

<-- p. 68 -->

AOpet6alOous (?), a. [Pref. aO not + petal.] (Bot.) Having
no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther.
AOpet6alOousOness, n. The state of being apetalous.
A6pex (?), n.; pl. E. Apexes (?); L. Apices (?). [L.] 1. The
tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex
of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf. 
2. (Mining) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface.
w of the earth's motion (Astron.), that point of the heavens
toward which the earth is moving in its orbit.
X AOph.r6eOsis (?; 277), n. [L.] Same as Apheresis.
X AOpha6kiOa (?), n. [NL.; Gr. ? priv. + ? seed of a
lentil.] (Med.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by
the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for
cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses.
AOpha6kiOal (?), a. (Med.) Pertaining to aphakia; as,
aphakial eyes.
X Aph7aOnip6teOra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? invisible (?
priv. + ? to appear) + ? a wing.] (Zo.l.) A group of
wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea.
Aph7aOnip6terOous (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
Aph6aOnite (?), n. [Gr. ? invisible; ? priv. + ? to appear.]
(Min.) A very compact, darkPcolored ?ock, consisting of
hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them
in perceptible grains.
Aph7aOnit6ic (?), a. (Min.) Resembling aphanite; having a
very finePgrained structure.
X AOpha6siOa (?), Aph6aOsy (?), } n. [NL. aphasia, Gr. ?,
fr. ? not spoken; ? priv. + ? to speak: cf. F. aphasie.]
(Med.) Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate
use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the
intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or
disease of the brain.
AOpha6sic (?), a. Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia;
AOphel6ion (?; 277), n.; pl. Aphelia (?). [Gr. ? + ? sun.]
(Astron.) That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is
most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the
AOphe7liOoOtrop6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? sun + ? belonging to a
turning.] Turning away from the sun; P said of leaves, etc.
AOphe7liOot6roOpism (?), n. The habit of bending from the
sunlight; P said of certain plants.
X AOphe6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? voice.]
(Med.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the
power of writing; P a disorder of cerebral origin. 
AOpher6eOsis (?; 277), n. [L. aphaeresis, Gr. ?, fr. ? to
take away; ? + ? to take.] 1. (Gram.) The dropping of a
letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute
for acute.
2. (Surg.) An operation by which any part is separated from
the rest. [Obs.]
X Aph6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? a letting go; ? + ? to let go.]
The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a
word; P the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for
New Eng. Dict.
AOphet6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? letting go, fr. ? to let go.]
Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the
beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form. P
AOphet6icOalOly, adv.
New Eng. Dict.
Aph6eOtism (?), n. An aphetized form of a word.
New Eng. Dict.
Aph6eOtize (?), v. t. To shorten by aphesis.
These words... have been aphetized.
New Eng. Dict.
A6phid (?), n. (Zo.l.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.
Aph6iOdes (?), n. pl. (Zo.l.) See Aphis.
AOphid6iOan (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the family
Aphid.. P n. One of the aphides; an aphid.
Aph7iOdiv6oOrous (?)(?). [Aphis + L. vorare to devour.]
(Zo.l.) Devouring aphides; aphidophagous.
Aph7iOdoph6aOgous (?), a. [Aphis + Gr. ? to eat.] (Zo.l.)
Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the
family Coccinellid..
Aph7iOlan6throOpy (?), n. [Gr. ? not loving man; ? priv. + ?
to love + ? man.] Want of love to mankind; P the opposite of
X A6phis (?), n.; pl. Aphides (?). [NL.] (Zo.l.) A genus of
insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphid.,
including numerous species known as plant lice and green
5 Besides the true males and females, there is a race of
wingless asexual individuals which have the power of
producing living young in rapid succession, and these in
turn may produce others of the same kind for several
generations, before sexual individuals appear. They suck the
sap of plants by means of a tubular proboscis, and owing to
the wonderful rapidity of their reproduction become very
destructive to vegetation. Many of the Aphid. excrete
honeydew from two tubes near the end of the body.
A6phis li6on (?). (Zo.l.) The larva of the lacewinged flies
(Chrysopa), which feeds voraciously upon aphids. The name is
also applied to the larv. of the ladybugs (Coccinella).
Aph7loOgis6Otic (?), a. [Gr. ? not inflammable; ? priv. + ?
set on fire. See Phlogiston.] Flameless; as, an aphlogistic
lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of
continued ignition by alcohol, without flame. 
X AOpho6niOa (?), Aph6oOny (?), } n. [NL. aphonia, Gr. ?,
fr. ? voiceless; ? priv. + ? voice: cf. F. aphonie.] (Med.)
Loss of voice or vocal utterance.
AOphon6ic (?), Aph6oOnous (?), } a. Without voice;
voiceless; nonvocal.
Aph6oOrism (?), n. [F. aphorisme, fr. Gr. ? definition, a
short, pithy sentence, fr. ? to mark off by boundaries, to
define; ? from + ? to separate, part. See Horizon.] A
comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a
sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather
than to practical matters.
The first aphorism of Hippocrates is, =Life is short, and
the art is long.8
Syn. - Axiom; maxim; adage; proverb; apothegm; saying; saw;
truism; dictum. See Axiom.
Aph7oOrisOmat6ic (?), Aph7oOris6mic (?), } a. Pertaining to
aphorisms, or having the form of an aphorism.
Aph7oOris6mer (?)(?) n. A dealer in aphorisms. [Used in
derogation or contempt.]
Aph6oOrist, n. A writer or utterer of aphorisms.
Aph7oOris6tic (?)(?), Aph7oOris6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.] In
the form of, or of the nature of, an aphorism; in the form
of short, unconnected sentences; as, an aphoristic style.
The method of the book is aphoristic.
De Quincey.
Aph7oOris6ticOalOly, adv. In the form or manner of
aphorisms; pithily.
Aph6oOrize (?), v. i. To make aphorisms.
Aph6rite (?), n. (Min.) See under Calcite.
Aph7roOdis6iOac (?), Aph7roOdiOsi6aOcal (?), } a. [Gr. ?
pertaining to sensual love, fr. ?. See Aphrodite.] Exciting
venereal desire; provocative to venery.
Aph7roOdis6iOac, n. That which (as a drug, or some kinds of
food) excites to venery.
Aph7roOdis6iOan (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to Aphrodite or
Venus. =Aphrodisian dames8 [that is, courtesans].
C. Reade.
X Aph7roOdi6te (?), n. [Gr. ?.] 1. (Classic Myth.) The Greek
goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans.
2. (Zo.l.) A large marine annelid, covered with long,
lustrous, golden, hairlike set.; the sea mouse.
3. (Zo.l.) A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the
United States.
Aph7roOdit6ic (?), a. Venereal. [R.]
X Aph6tha (?), n. [Sing. of Aphth..] (Med.) (a) One of the
whitish specks called aphth.. (b) The disease, also called
X Aph6th. (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. ? (mostly in pl. ?,