Pg. 2

AcOcom6moOdate (#), a. [L. accommodatus, p.p. of
accommodare.] Suitable; fit; adapted; as, means accommodate
to end. [Archaic]
AcOcom6moOdateOly, adv. Suitably; fitly. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdateOness, n. Fitness. [R.]
AcOcom6moOda7ting (#), a. Affording, or disposed to afford,
accommodation; obliging; as an accommodating man, spirit,
AcOcom7moOda6tion (#), n. [L. accommodatio, fr. accommodare:
cf. F. accommodation.]
1. The act of fitting or adapting, or the state of being
fitted or adapted; adaptation; adjustment; P followed by to.
=The organization of the body with accommodation to its
Sir M. Hale.
2. Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.
3. Whatever supplies a want or affords ease, refreshment, or
convenience; anything furnished which is desired or needful;
P often in the plural; as, the accomodations P that is,
lodgings and food P at an inn.
A volume of Shakespeare in each pocket, a small bundle with
a change of linen slung across his shoulders, an oaken
cudgel in his hand, complete our pedestrian's
Sir W. Scott.
4. An adjustment of differences; state of agreement;
reconciliation; settlement. =To come to terms of
5. The application of a writer's language, on the ground of
analogy, to something not originally referred to or
Many of those quotations from the Old Testament were
probably intended as nothing more than accommodations.
6. (Com.) (a) A loan of money. (b) An accommodation bill or
Accommodation bill, or note (Com.), a bill of exchange which
a person accepts, or a note which a person makes and
delivers to another, not upon a consideration received, but
for the purpose of raising money on credit. P Accommodation
coach, or train, one running at moderate speed and stopping
at all or nearly all stations. P Accommodation ladder
(Naut.), a light ladder hung over the side of a ship at the
gangway, useful in ascending from, or descending to, small
AcOcom6moOda7tor (#), n. He who, or that which,
AcOcom6paOnaOble (#), a. Sociable. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AcOcom6paOniOer (#), n. He who, or that which, accompanies.
AcOcom6paOniOment (#), n. [F. accompagnement.] That which
accompanies; something that attends as a circumstance, or
which is added to give greater completeness to the principal
thing, or by way of ornament, or for the sake of symmetry.
Specifically: (Mus.) A part performed by instruments,
accompanying another part or parts performed by voices; the
subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a
principal instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass.
P. Cyc.
AcOcom6paOnist (#), n. The performer in music who takes the
accompanying part.
AcOcom6paOny (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accompanied (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accompanying (#)] [OF. aacompaignier, F.
accompagner, to associate with, fr. OF. compaign, compain,
companion. See Company.] 1. To go with or attend as a
companion or associate; to keep company with; to go along
with; P followed by with or by;as, he accompanied his speech
with a bow.
The Persian dames,...
In sumptuous cars, accompanied his march.
The are never alone that are accompanied with noble
Sir P. Sidney.
He was accompanied by two carts filled wounded rebels.
2. To cohabit with. [Obs.]
Sir T. Herbert.
Syn. P To attend; escort; go with. P To Accompany, Attend,
Escort. We accompany those with whom we go as companions.
The word imports an equality of station. We attend those
whom we wait upon or follow. The word conveys an idea of
subornation. We escort those whom we attend with a view to
guard and protect. A gentleman accompanies a friend to some
public place; he attends or escorts a lady.
AcOcom6paOny, v. i. 1. To associate in a company; to keep
company. [Obs.]
Men say that they will drive away one another,... and not
accompany together.
2. To cohabit (with). [Obs.]
3. (Mus.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a
AcOcom6pleOtive (#), a. [L. ad + complere, completum, to
fill up.] Tending to accomplish. [R.] 
AcOcom6plice (#), n. [AcO (perh. for the article a or for L.
ad) + E. complice. See Complice.]
1. A cooperator. [R.]
Success unto our valiant general,
And happiness to his accomplices!
2. (Law) An associate in the commission of a crime; a
participator in an offense, whether a principal or an
accessory. =And thou, the cursed accomplice of his
treason.8 Johnson. It is followed by with or of before a
person and by in (or sometimes of) before the crime; as, A
was an accomplice with B in the murder of C. Dryden uses it
with to before a thing. =Suspected for accomplice to the
Syn. P Abettor; accessory; assistant; associate;
confederate; coadjutor; ally; promoter. See Abettor.
AcOcom6pliceOship (#), n. The state of being an accomplice.
Sir H. Taylor.
Ac7comOplic6iOty (#), n. The act or state of being an
accomplice. [R.]
AcOcom6plish (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accomplished (#), p.
pr. & vb. n. Accomplishing.] [OE. acomplissen, OF.
accomplir, F. accomplir; L. ad + complere to fill up,
complete. See Complete, Finish.] 1. To complete, as time or
That He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of
Dan. ix. 2.
He had accomplished half a league or more.
2. To bring to an issue of full success; to effect; to
perform; to execute fully; to fulfill; as, to accomplish a
design, an object, a promise.
This that is written must yet be accomplished in me.
Luke xxii. 37.
3. To equip or furnish thoroughly; hence, to complete in
acquirements; to render accomplished; to polish.
The armorers accomplishing the knights.
It [the moon] is fully accomplished for all those ends to
which Providence did appoint it.
These qualities... go to accomplish a perfect woman.
Cowden Clarke.
4. To gain; to obtain. [Obs.]
Syn. P To do; perform; fulfill; realize; effect; effectuate;
complete; consummate; execute; achieve; perfect; equip;
furnish. P To Accomplish, Effect, Execute, Achieve, Perform.
These words agree in the general idea of carrying out to
some end proposed. To accomplish (to fill up to the measure
of the intention) generally implies perseverance and skill;
as, to accomplish a plan proposed by one's self, an object,
a design, an undertaking. =Thou shalt accomplish my desire.8
1 Kings v. 9.
He... expressed his desire to see a union accomplished
between England and Scotland.
To effect (to work out) is much like accomplish. It usually
implies some degree of difficulty contended with; as, he
effected or accomplished what he intended, his purpose, but
little. =What he decreed, he effected.8
To work in close design by fraud or guile
What force effected not.
To execute (to follow out to the end, to carry out, or into
effect) implies a set mode of operation; as, to execute the
laws or the orders of another; to execute a work, a purpose,
design, plan, project. To perform is much like to do, though
less generally applied. It conveys a notion of protracted
and methodical effort; as, to perform a mission, a part, a
task, a work. =Thou canst best perform that office.8
The Saints, like stars, around his seat
Perform their courses still.
To achieve (to come to the end or arrive at one's purpose)
usually implies some enterprise or undertaking of
importance, difficulty, and excellence.
AcOcom6plishOaOble (#), a. Capable of being accomplished;
AcOcom6plished (#), a. 1. Completed; effected; established;
as, an accomplished fact.
2. Complete in acquirements as the result usually of
training; P commonly in a good sense; as, an accomplished
scholar, an accomplished scholar, an accomplished villain.
They... show themselves accomplished bees.
Daughter of God and man, accomplished Eve.
AcOcom6plishOer (#), n. One who accomplishes.
AcOcom6plishOment (#), n. [F. accomplissement, fr.
accomplir.] 1. The act of accomplishing; entire performance;
completion; fulfillment; as, the accomplishment of an
enterprise, of a prophecy, etc.
2. That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly;
acquirement; attainment; that which constitutes excellence
of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by education or
training. =My new accomplishment of dancing.8 Churchill.
=Accomplishments befitting a station.8 Thackeray. 
Accomplishments have taken virtue's place,
And wisdom falls before exterior grace.
AcOcompt6 (#; formerly #), n. See Account.
5 Accompt, accomptant, etc., are archaic forms.
AcOcomp6aOble (#), a. See Accountable.
AcOcompt6ant (#), n. See Accountant.
AcOcord6 (#), n. [OE. acord, accord, OF. acort, acorde, F.
accord, fr. OF. acorder, F. accorder. See Accord, v. t.] 1.
Agreement or concurrence of opinion, will, or action;
harmony of mind; consent; assent.
A mediator of an accord and peace between them.
These all continued with one accord in prayer.
Acts i. 14.
2. Harmony of sounds; agreement in pitch and tone; concord;
as, the accord of tones.
Those sweet accords are even the angels' lays.
Sir J. Davies.
3. Agreement, harmony, or just correspondence of things; as,
the accord of light and shade in painting.
4. Voluntary or spontaneous motion or impulse to act; P
preceded by own; as, of one's own accord.
That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou
shalt not reap.
Lev. xxv. 5.
Of his own accord he went unto you.
2 Cor. vii. 17.
5. (Law) An agreement between parties in controversy, by
which satisfaction for an injury is stipulated, and which,
when executed, bars a suit.
With one accord, with unanimity.
They rushed one accord into the theater.
Acts xix. 29.
AcOcord6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accorded; p. pr. & vb. n.
According.] [OE. acorden, accorden, OF. acorder, F.
accorder, fr. LL. accordare; L. ad + cor, cordis, heart. Cf.
Concord, Discord, and see Heart.] 1. To make to agree or
correspond; to suit one thing to another; to adjust; P
followed by to. [R.]
Her hands accorded the lute's music to the voice.
2. To bring to an agreement, as persons; to reconcile; to
settle, adjust, harmonize, or compose, as things; as, to
accord suits or controversies. 
When they were accorded from the fray.
All which particulars, being confessedly knotty and
difficult can never be accorded but by a competent stock of
critica learning.
3. To grant as suitable or proper; to concede; to award; as,
to accord to one due praise. =According his desire.8
AcOcord6, v. i. 1. To agree; to correspond; to be in
harmony; P followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his
disposition accords with his looks.
My heart accordeth with my tongue.
Thy actions to thy words accord.
2. To agree in pitch and tone.
AcOcord6aOble (#), a. [OF. acordable, F. accordable.] 1.
Agreeing. [Obs.]
2. Reconcilable; in accordance.
AcOcord6ance (#), n. [OF. acordance.] Agreement; harmony;
conformity. =In strict accordance with the law.8
Syn. P Harmony; unison; coincidence.
AcOcord6anOcy (#), n. Accordance. [R.]
AcOcord6ant (#), a. [OF. acordant, F. accordant.] Agreeing;
consonant; harmonious; corresponding; conformable; P
followed by with or to.
Strictly accordant with true morality.
And now his voice accordant to the string.
AcOcord6antOly, adv. In accordance or agreement; agreeably;
conformably; P followed by with or to.
AcOcord6er (#), n. One who accords, assents, or concedes.
AcOcord6ing, p. a. Agreeing; in agreement or harmony;
harmonious. =This according voice of national wisdom.8
Burke. =Mind and soul according well.8
According to, agreeably to; in accordance or conformity
with; consistent with.
According to him, every person was to be bought.
Our zeal should be according to knowledge.
5 According to has been called a prepositional phrase, but
strictly speaking, according is a participle in the sense of
agreeing, acceding, and to alone is the preposition.
According as, precisely as; the same as; corresponding to
the way in which. According as is an adverbial phrase, of
which the propriety has been doubted; but good usage
sanctions it. See According, adv.
Is all things well,
According as I gave directions?
The land which the Lord will give you according as he hath
Ex. xii. 25.

p. 13

AcOcord6ing (#), adv. Accordingly; correspondingly. [Obs.]
AcOcord6ingOly, adv. 1. Agreeably; correspondingly;
suitably; in a manner conformable.
Behold, and so proceed accordingly.
2. In natural sequence; consequently; so.
Syn. P Consequently; therefore; wherefore; hence; so. P
Accordingly, Consequently, indicate a connection between two
things, the latter of which is done on account of the
former. Accordingly marks the connection as one of simple
accordance or congruity, leading naturally to the result
which followed; as, he was absent when I called, and I
accordingly left my card; our preparations were all
finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently all
finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently marks a
closer connection, that of logical or causal sequence; as,
the papers were not ready, and consequently could not be
AcOcor6diOon (#), n. [See Accord.] (Mus.) A small, portable,
keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of
the wind upon free metallic reeds.
AcOcor6diOonOist, n. A player on the accordion.
AcOcord6ment (#), n. [OF. acordement. See Accord, v.]
Agreement; reconcilement. [Obs.]
AcOcor6poOrate (#), v. t. [L. accorporare; ad + corpus,
corporis, body.] To unite; to attach; to incorporate. [Obs.]
AcOcost6 (#; 115), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accosted; p. pr. &
vb. n. Accosting.] [F. accoster, LL. accostare to bring side
by side; L. ad + costa rib, side. See Coast, and cf.
Accoast.] 1. To join side to side; to border; hence, to sail
along the coast or side of. [Obs.] =So much [of Lapland] as
accosts the sea.8
2. To approach; to make up to. [Archaic]
3. To speak to first; to address; to greet. =Him, Satan thus
AcOcost6, v. i. To adjoin; to lie alongside. [Obs.] =The
shores which to the sea accost.8
AcOcost6, n. Address; greeting. [R.]
J. Morley.
AcOcost6aOble (#), a. [Cf. F. accostable.] Approachable;
affable. [R.]
AcOcost6ed, a. (Her.) Supported on both sides by other
charges; also, side by side.
X AcOcouche6ment (#; 277), n. [F., fr. accoucher to be
delivered of a child, to aid in delivery, OF. acouchier
orig. to lay down, put to bed, go to bed; L. ad + collocare
to lay, put, place. See Collate.] Delivery in childbed
X AcOcouOcheur6 (#), n. [F., fr. accoucher. See
Accouchement.] A man who assists women in childbirth; a man
midwife; an obstetrician.
X AcOcouOcheuse6 (#), n. [F.., fem. of accoucher.] A
midwife. [Recent]
AcOcount6 (#), n. [OE. acount, account, accompt, OF. acont,
fr. aconter. See Account, v. t., Count, n., 1.] 1. A
reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record
of some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.
A beggarly account of empty boxes.
2. A registry of pecuniary transactions; a written or
printed statement of business dealings or debts and credits,
and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review;
as, to keep one's account at the bank.
3. A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc.,
explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has
been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used
simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as,
on no account, on every account, on all accounts.
4. A statement of facts or occurrences; recital of
transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a
description; as, an account of a battle. =A laudable account
of the city of London.8
5. A statement and explanation or vindication of one's
conduct with reference to judgment thereon.
Give an account of thy stewardship.
Luke xvi. 2.
6. An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment. =To stand
high in your account.8
7. Importance; worth; value; advantage; profit. =Men of
account.8 Pope. =To turn to account.8 Shak.
Account current, a running or continued account between two
or more parties, or a statement of the particulars of such
an account. P In account with, in a relation requiring an
account to be kept. P On account of, for the sake of; by
reason of; because of. P On one's own account, for one's own
interest or behalf. P To make account, to have an opinion or
expectation; to reckon. [Obs.]
s other part... makes account to find no slender arguments
for this assertion out of those very scriptures which are
commonly urged against it.
P To make account of, to hold in estimation; to esteem; as,
he makes small account of beauty. P To take account of, or
to take into account, to take into consideration; to notice.
=Of their doings, God takes no account.8 Milton. P A writ of
account (Law), a writ which the plaintiff brings demanding
that the defendant shall render his just account, or show
good cause to the contrary; P called also an action of
Syn. P Narrative; narration; relation; recital; description;
explanation; rehearsal. P Account, Narrative, Narration,
Recital. These words are applied to different modes of
rehearsing a series of events. Account turns attention not
so much to the speaker as to the fact related, and more
properly applies to the report of some single event, or a
group of incidents taken as whole; as, an account of a
battle, of a shipwreck, etc. A narrative is a continuous
story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell
to another; as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a
narrative of one's life, etc. Narration is usually the same
as narrative, but is sometimes used to describe the mode of
relating events; as, his powers of narration are uncommonly
great. Recital denotes a series of events drawn out into
minute particulars, usually expressing something which
peculiarly interests the feelings of the speaker; as, the
recital of one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.
AcOcount6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accounted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Accounting.] [OE. acounten, accompten, OF. aconter; . (L.
ad) + conter to tell, compter to count, L. computare. See
Count, v. t.]
1. To reckon; to compute; to count. [Obs.]
The motion of... the sun whereby years are accounted.
Sir T. Browne.
2. To place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to
assign; P with to. [R.]
3. To value, estimate, or hold in opinion; to judge or
consider; to deem.
Accounting that God was able to raise him up.
Heb. xi. 19.
4. To recount; to relate. [Obs.]
AcOcount6, v. i. 1. To render or receive an account or
relation of particulars; as, an officer must account with or
to the treasurer for money received.
2. To render an account; to answer in judgment; P with for;
as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
3. To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to
explain; P with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
To account of, to esteem; to prize; to value. Now used only
in the passive. =I account of her beauty.8
Newer was preaching more accounted of than in the sixteenth
Canon Robinson.
AcOcount6aObil7aObil6iOty (#), n. The state of being
accountable; liability to be called on to render an account;
accountableness. =The awful idea of accountability.8
R. Hall.
AcOcount6aOble (#), a. 1. Liable to be called on to render
an account; answerable; as, every man is accountable to God
for his conduct.
2. Capable of being accounted for; explicable. [R.]
True religion... intelligible, rational, and accountable, P
not a burden but a privilege.
B. Whichcote.
Syn. P Amenable; responsible; liable; answerable.
AcOcount6aOble ness, n. The quality or state of being
accountable; accountability.
AcOcount6aObly, adv. In an accountable manner.
AcOcount6anOcy (#), n. The art or employment of an
AcOcount6ant (#), n. [Cf. F. accomptant, OF. acontant, p.
pr.] 1. One who renders account; one accountable.
2. A reckoner.
3. One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an
officer in a public office, who has charge of the accounts.
Accountatn general, the head or superintending accountant in
certain public offices. Also, formerly, an officer in the
English court of chancery who received the moneys paid into
the court, and deposited them in the Bank of England.
AcOcount6ant, a. Accountable. [Obs.]
AcOcount6antOship (#), n. [Accountant + Oship.] The office
or employment of an accountant.
AcOcount6 book7 (#). A book in which accounts are kept.
AcOco6ple (#), v. t. [OF. acopler, F. accoupler. See
Couple.] To join; to couple. [R.]
The Englishmen accoupled themselves with the Frenchmen.
AcOcou6pleOment (#), n. [Cf. F. accouplement.] 1. The act of
coupling, or the state of being coupled; union. [R.]
2. That which couples, as a tie or brace. [R.]
AcOcour6age (#), v. t. [OF. acoragier; . (L. ad) + corage.
See Courage.] To encourage. [Obs.]
AcOcourt6 (#), v. t. [AcO, for L. ad. See Court.] To treat
courteously; to court. [Obs.]
AcOcou6ter, AcOcou6tre } (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accoutered
or Accoutred (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Accoutering or
Accoutring.] [F. accouter, OF. accoutrer, accoustrer; . (L.
ad) + perh. LL. custor, for custos guardian, sacristan (cf.
Custody), or perh. akin to E. guilt.] To furnish with dress,
or equipments, esp. those for military service; to equip; to
attire; to array.
Bot accoutered like young men.
For this, in rags accoutered are they seen.
Accoutered with his burden and his staff.
AcOcou6terOments, AcOcou6treOments } (#), n. pl. [F.
accoutrement, earlier also accoustrement, earlier also
accoustrement. See Accouter.] Dress; trappings; equipment;
specifically, the devices and equipments worn by soldiers.
How gay with all the accouterments of war!
A. Philips.
AcOcoy6 (#), v. t. [OF. acoyer; acO, for L. ad. See Coy.] 1.
To render quiet; to soothe. [Obs.]
2. To subdue; to tame; to daunt. [Obs.]
Then is your careless courage accoyed.
AcOcred6it (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accredited; p. pr. & vb.
n. Accrediting.] [F. accr.diter; . (L. ad) + cr.dit credit.
See Credit.] 1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with
credit or authority; to sanction.
His censure will... accredit his praises.
These reasons... which accredit and fortify mine opinion.
2. To send with letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy,
or diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or
Beton... was accredited to the Court of France.
3. To believe; to credit; to put trust in.
The version of early Roman history which was accredited in
the fifth century.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
He accredited and repeated stories of apparitions and
4. To credit; to vouch for or consider (some one) as doing
something, or (something) as belonging to some one.
To accredit (one) with (something), to attribute something
to him; as, Mr. Clay was accredited with these views; they
accredit him with a wise saying.
AcOcred7iOta6tion (#), n. The act of accrediting; as,
letters of accreditation.
Ac7creOmenOti6tial (#), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to
Ac7creOmenOti6tion (#), n. [See Accresce, Increment.]
(Physiol.) The process of generation by development of
blastema, or fission of cells, in which the new formation is
in all respect like the individual from which it proceeds.

AcOcresce6 (#), v. i. [L. accrescere. See Accrue.] 1. To
accrue. [R.]
2. To increase; to grow. [Obs.]
AcOcres6cence (#), n. [LL. accrescentia.] Continuous growth;
an accretion. [R.]
The silent accrescence of belief from the unwatched
depositions of a general, never contradicted hearsy.
AcOcres6cent (#), a. [L. accrescens, Oentis, p. pr. of
accrescere; ad + crescere to grow. See Crescent.]
1. Growing; increasing.
2. (Bot.) Growing larger after flowering.
AcOcrete6 (#), v. i. [From L. accretus, p. p. of accrescere
to increase.] 1. To grow together.
2. To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; P with to.
AcOcrete6, v. t. To make adhere; to add.
AcOcrete6, a. 1. Characterized by accretion; made up; as,
accrete matter.
2. (Bot.) Grown together.
AcOcre6tion (#), n. [L. accretio, fr. accrescere to
increase. Cf. Crescent, Increase, Accrue.]
1. The act of increasing by natural growth; esp. the
increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of
parts; organic growth.
2. The act of increasing, or the matter added, by an
accession of parts externally; an extraneous addition; as,
an accretion of earth. 
A mineral... augments not by grown, but by accretion.
To strip off all the subordinate parts of his as a later
Sir G. C. Lewis.
3. Concretion; coherence of separate particles; as, the
accretion of particles so as to form a solid mass.
4. A growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the
fingers toes.
5. (Law) (a) The adhering of property to something else, by
which the owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to
another; generally, gain of land by the washing up of sand
or sail from the sea or a river, or by a gradual recession
of the water from the usual watermark. (b) Gain to an heir
or legatee, failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a
coPlegatee of the same thing, to take his share.
Wharton. Kent.
AcOcre6tive (#), a. Relating to accretion; increasing, or
adding to, by growth.
AcOcrim6iOnate (#), v. t. [L. acO (for ad to) + criminari.]
To accuse of a crime. [Obs.] P AcOcrim7iOna6tion (#), n.
AcOcroach6 (#), v. t. [OE. acrochen, accrochen, to obtain,
OF. acrochier, F. accrocher; . (L. ad) + croc hook (E.
crook).] 1. To hook, or draw to one's self as with a hook.
2. To usurp, as jurisdiction or royal prerogatives.
They had attempted to accroach to themselves royal power.
AcOcroach6ment (#), n. [Cf. F. accrochement.] An
encroachment; usurpation. [Obs.]
AcOcru6al (#), n. Accrument. [R.]
AcOcrue6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Accrued (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Accruing.] [See Accrue, n., and cf. Accresce, Accrete.]
1. To increase; to augment.
And though power failed, her courage did accrue.
2. To come to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a
growth or result; to be added as increase, profit, or
damage, especially as the produce of money lent. =Interest
accrues to principal.8
The great and essential advantages accruing to society from
the freedom of the press.
AcOcrue6, n. [F. accr., OF. acr??, p. p. of accro?tre, OF.
acroistre to increase; L. ad + crescere to increase. Cf.
Accretion, Crew. See Crescent.] Something that accrues;
advantage accruing. [Obs.]
AcOcru6er (#), n. (Law) The act of accruing; accretion; as,
title by accruer.
AcOcru6ment (#), n. The process of accruing, or that which
has accrued; increase.
Jer. Taylor.
Ac7cuOba6tion (#), n. [L. accubatio, for accubatio, fr.
accubare to recline; ad + cubare to lie down. See Accumb.]
The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by
the ancients at meals.
AcOcumb6 (#), v. i. [L. accumbere; ad + cumbere (only in
compounds) to lie down.] To recline, as at table. [Obs.]
AcOcum6benOcy (#), n. The state of being accumbent or
reclining. [R.]
AcOcum6bent (#), a. 1. Leaning or reclining, as the ancient?
did at their meals.
The Roman.. accumbent posture in eating.
2. (Bot.) Lying against anything, as one part of a leaf
against another leaf.
Accumbent cotyledons have their edges placed against the
AcOcum6bent, n. One who reclines at table.
AcOcum6ber (#), v. t. To encumber. [Obs.]
AcOcu6muOlate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accumulated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accumulating.] [L. accumulatus, p. p. of
accumulare; ad + cumulare to heap. See Cumulate.] To heap up
in a mass; to pile up; to collect or bring together; to
amass; as, to accumulate a sum of money.
Syn. P To collect; pile up; store; amass; gather; aggregate;
heap together; hoard.

p. 14

AcOcu6muOlate (#), v. i. To grow or increase in quantity or
number; to increase greatly.
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates, and men decay.
AcOcu6muOlate (#), a. [L. accumulatus, p. p. of accumulare.]
Collected; accumulated.
AcOcu7muOla6tion (#), n. [L. accumulatio; cf. F.
accumulation.] 1. The act of accumulating, the state of
being accumulated, or that which is accumulated; as, an
accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils, of wealth, of
2. (Law) The concurrence of several titles to the same
Accumulation of energy or power, the storing of energy by
means of weights lifted or masses put in motion; electricity
stored. P An accumulation of degrees (Eng. Univ.), the
taking of several together, or at smaller intervals than
usual or than is allowed by the rules.
AcOcu6muOlaOtive (#), a. Characterized by accumulation;
serving to collect or amass; cumulative; additional. P
AcOcu6muOlaOtiveOly, adv. P AcOcu6muOlaOtiveOness, n.
AcOcu6muOla7tor (#), n. [L.] 1. One who, or that which,
accumulates, collects, or amasses.
2. (Mech.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power
can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing
water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage
battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical
charges, etc.
3. A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon
a rope, as in deepPsea dredging.
Ac6cuOraOcy (#; 277), n. [See Accurate.] The state of being
accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from
carefulness; exact conformity to truth, or to a rule or
model; precision; exactness; nicety; correctness; as, the
value of testimony depends on its accuracy.
The professed end [of logic] is to teach men to think, to
judge, and to reason, with precision and accuracy.
The accuracy with which the piston fits the sides.
Ac6cuOrate (#), a. [L. accuratus, p. p. and a., fr. accurare
to take care of; ad + curare to take care, cura care. See
Cure.] 1. In exact or careful conformity to truth, or to
some standard of requirement, the result of care or pains;
free from failure, error, or defect; exact; as, an accurate
calculator; an accurate measure; accurate expression,
knowledge, etc.
2. Precisely fixed; executed with care; careful. [Obs.]
Those conceive the celestial bodies have more accurate
influences upon these things below.
Syn. P Correct; exact; just; nice; particular. P Accurate,
Correct, Exact, Precise. We speak of a thing as correct with
reference to some rule or standard of comparison; as, a
correct account, a correct likeness, a man of correct
deportment. We speak of a thing as accurate with reference
to the care bestowed upon its execution, and the increased
correctness to be expected therefrom; as, an accurate
statement, an accurate detail of particulars. We speak of a
thing as exact with reference to that perfected state of a
thing in which there is no defect and no redundance; as, an
exact coincidence, the exact truth, an exact likeness. We
speak of a thing as precise when we think of it as strictly
conformed to some rule or model, as if cut down thereto; as
a precise conformity instructions; precisely right; he was
very precise in giving his directions.
Ac6cuOrateOly, adv. In an accurate manner; exactly;
precisely; without error or defect.
Ac6cuOrateOness, n. The state or quality of being accurate ;
accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.

AcOcurse6 (#), v. t. [OE. acursien, acorsien; pref. a +
cursien to curse. See Curse.] To devote to destruction; to
imprecate misery or evil upon; to curse; to execrate; to
And the city shall be accursed.
Josh. vi. 17.
Thro' you, my life will be accurst.

AcOcursed6 (#), AcOcurst6 (#), } p. p. & a. Doomed to
destruction or misery; cursed; hence, bad enough to be under
the curse; execrable; detestable; exceedingly hateful; P as,
an accursed deed. Shak. P AcOcurs6edOly, adv. P
AcOcurs6edOness, n.

AcOcus6aOble (#), a. [L. accusabilis: cf. F. accusable.]
Liable to be accused or censured; chargeable with a crime or
fault; blamable; P with of.

AcOcus6al (#), n. Accusation. [R.]
AcOcus6ant (#), n. [L. accusans, p. pr. of accusare: cf. F.
accusant.] An accuser.
Bp. Hall.
Ac7cuOsa6tion (#), n. [OF. acusation, F. accusation, L.
accusatio, fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
1. The act of accusing or charging with a crime or with a
lighter offense.
We come not by the way of accusation
To taint that honor every good tongue blesses.
2. That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or
crime, or the declaration containing the charge.
[They] set up over his head his accusation.
Matt. xxvii. 37.
Syn. P Impeachment; crimination; censure; charge.

AcOcu7saOti6val (#), a. Pertaining to the accusative case.
AcOcu6saOtive (#), a. [F. accusatif, L. accusativus (in
sense 2), fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
1. Producing accusations; accusatory. =This hath been a very
accusative age.8
Sir E. Dering.
2. (Gram.) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin
and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on
which the action or influence of a transitive verb
terminates, or the immediate object of motion or tendency
to, expressed by a preposition. It corresponds to the
objective case in English.
AcOcu6saOtive, n. (Gram.) The accusative case.

AxOcu6saOtiveOly, adv. 1. In an accusative manner.
2. In relation to the accusative case in grammar.

AcOcu7saOto6riOal (#), a. Accusatory.

AcOcu7saOto6riOalOly, adv. By way accusation.

AcOcu6saOtoOry (#), a. [L. accusatorius, fr. accusare.]
Pertaining to, or containing, an accusation; as, an
accusatory libel.

AcOcuse6 (#), n. Accusation. [Obs.]
AcOcuse6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accused (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Accusing.] [OF. acuser, F. accuser, L. accusare, to call to
account, accuse; ad + causa cause, lawsuit. Cf. Cause.] 1.
To charge with, or declare to have committed, a crime or
offense; (Law) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a
public process; P with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime
or misdemeanor.
Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse
Acts xxiv. 13.
We are accused of having persuaded Austria and Sardinia to
lay down their arms.
2. To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure.
Their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one
Rom. ii. 15. 
3. To betray; to show. [L.]
Sir P. Sidney.
Syn. P To charge; blame; censure; reproach; criminate;
indict; impeach; arraign. P To Accuse, Charge, Impeach,
Arraign. These words agree in bringing home to a person the
imputation of wrongdoing. To accuse is a somewhat formal
act, and is applied usually (though not exclusively) to
crimes; as, to accuse of treason. Charge is the most
generic. It may refer to a crime, a dereliction of duty, a
fault, etc.; more commonly it refers to moral delinquencies;
as, to charge with dishonesty or falsehood. To arraign is to
bring (a person) before a tribunal for trial; as, to arraign
one before a court or at the bar public opinion. To impeach
is officially to charge with misbehavior in office; as, to
impeach a minister of high crimes. Both impeach and arraign
convey the idea of peculiar dignity or impressiveness.

AcOcused6 (#), a. Charged with offense; as, an accused
Commonly used substantively; as, the accused, one charged
with an offense; the defendant in a criminal case.

AcOcuse6ment (#), n. [OF. acusement. See Accuse.]
Accusation. [Obs.]
AcOcus6er (#), n. [OE. acuser, accusour; cf. OF. acuseor,
fr. L. accusator, fr. accusare.] One who accuses; one who
brings a charge of crime or fault.
AcOcus6ingOly, adv. In an accusing manner.

AcOcus6tom (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accustomed (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Accustoming.] [OF. acostumer, acustumer, F.
accoutumer; ? (L. ad) + OF. costume, F. coutume, custom. See
Custom.] To make familiar by use; to habituate, familiarize,
or inure; P with to.
I shall always fear that he who accustoms himself to fraud
in little things, wants only opportunity to practice it in
Syn. P To habituate; inure; exercise; train.

AcOcus6tom, v. i. 1. To be wont. [Obs.]
2. To cohabit. [Obs.]
We with the best men accustom openly; you with the basest
commit private adulteries.
AcOcus6tom, n. Custom. [Obs.]
AcOcus6tomOaOble (#), a. Habitual; customary; wonted.
=Accustomable goodness.8
AcOcus6tomOaObly, adv. According to custom; ordinarily;
AcOcus6tomOance (#), n. [OF. accoustumance, F.
accoutumance.] Custom; habitual use. [Obs.]
AcOcust6tomOaOriOly (#), adv. Customarily. [Obs.]

AcOcus6tomOaOry (#), a. Usual; customary. [Archaic]
AcOcus6tomed (#), a. 1. Familiar through use; usual;
customary. =An accustomed action.8
2. Frequented by customers. [Obs.] =A well accustomed shop.8
AcOcus6tomedOness, n. Habituation.
Accustomedness to sin hardens the heart.
Bp. Pearce.
Ace (#), n.; pl. Aces (#). [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis,
unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. As.]
1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card
or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.
2. Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an
atom; a jot.
I 'll not wag an ace further.
To bate an ace, to make the least abatement. [Obs.] P Within
an ace of, very near; on the point of.
W. Irving.
AOcel6daOma (#), n. [Gr. ?, fr. Syr. ?k?l dam? the field of
blood.] The potter's field, said to have lain south of
Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for
betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of
blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.
The system of warfare... which had already converted immense
tracts into one universal aceldama.
De Quincey.
AOcen6tric (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a point, a center.] Not
centered; without a center.

Ac6eOphal (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? head: cf. F. ac.phale,
LL. acephalus.] (Zo.l.) One of the Acephala.

X AOceph6aOla (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, adj. neut. pl.,
headless. See Acephal.] (Zo.l.) That division of the
Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams
and oysters; P so called because they have no evident head.
Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and
sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca. 

AOceph6aOlan (#), n. Same as Acephal.

AOceph6aOlan, a. (Zo.l.) Belonging to the Acephala.

X AOceph6aOli (#), n. pl. [LL., pl. of acephalus. See
Acephal.] 1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers
to have heads.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) (a) A Christian sect without a leader. (b)
Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan
3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.

AOceph6aOlist (#), n. One who acknowledges no head or
Dr. Gauden.
AOceph6aOloOcyst (#), n. [Gr. ? without a head + ? bladder.]
(Zo.l.) A larval entozo.n in the form of a subglobular or
oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid, sometimes
found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; P so
called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the
vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain
tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different

AOceph7aOloOcys6tic (#), a. Pertaining to, or resembling,
the acephalocysts. 

AOceph6aOlous (#), a. [See Acephal.]
1. Headless.
2. (Zo.l.) Without a distinct head; P a term applied to
bivalve mollusks.
3. (Bot.) Having the style spring from the base, instead of
from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.
4. Without a leader or chief.
5. Wanting the beginning.
A false or acephalous structure of sentence.
De Quincey.

6. (Pros.) Deficient and the beginning, as a line of poetry.
Ac6erOate (#), n. [See Aceric.] (Chem.) A combination of
aceric acid with a salifiable base.

Ac6erOate, a. Acerose; needleOshaped.

AOcerb6 (#), a. [L. acerbus, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. acerbe.
See Acrid.] Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe
fruit; sharp and harsh.

AOcerb6ate (#), v. t. [L. acerbatus, p. p. of acerbare, fr.
acerbus.] To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.

AOcerb6ic (#), a. Sour or severe.

AOcerb6iOtude (#), n. [L. acerbitudo, fr. acerbus.] Sourness
and harshness. [Obs.]
AOcerb6iOty (#), n. [F. acerbit., L. acerbitas, fr. acerbus.
See Acerb.] 1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and
astringency, like that of unripe fruit.
2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of
temper, of language, of pain.
AOcer6ic (#), a. [L. acer maple.] Pertaining to, or obtained
from, the maple; as, aceric acid.
Ac6erOose7 (#), a. [(a) L. acerosus chaffy, fr. acus, gen.
aceris, chaff; (b) as if fr. L. acus needle: cf. F.
ac.reux.] (Bot.) (a) Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. (b)
NeedlePshaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of
the pine.

Ac6erOous (#), a. Same as Acerose.

Ac6erOous, a. [Gr. priv. + a horn.] (Zo.l.) (a)
Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks. (b) Without
antenn., as some insects. 

AOcer6val (#), a. [L. acervalis, fr. acervus heap.]
Pertaining to a heap. [Obs.]

AOcer6vate (#), v. t. [L. acervatus, p. p. of acervare to
heap up, fr. acervus heap.] To heap up. [Obs.]
AOcer6vate (#), a. Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely
compacted clusters.

Ac7erOva6tion (#), n. [L. acervatio.] A heaping up;
accumulation. [R.]
AOcer6vaOtive (#), a. Heaped up; tending to heap up.

AOcer6vose (#), a. Full of heaps. [R.]

AOcer6vuOline (#), a. Resembling little heaps.

AOces6cence (#), AOces6cenOcy (#), } n. [Cf. F. acescence.
See Acescent.] The quality of being acescent; the process of
acetous fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness.
AOces6cent (#), a. [L. acescens, Oentis, p. pr. of acescere
to turn sour; inchoative of acere to be sour: cf. F.
acescent. See Acid.] Turning sour; readily becoming tart or
acid; slightly sour. 

AOces6cent, n. A substance liable to become sour.

Ac6eOtaOble (#), n. An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a
pint. [Obs.]
Ac7eOtab6uOlar (#), a. CupOshaped; saucerPshaped;
X Ac7eOtab7uOlif6eOra (#), n. pl. [NL. See Acetabuliferous.]
(Zo.l.) The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are
furnished with cupPshaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes,
squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.
Ac7eOtab7uOlif6erOous (#), a. [L. acetablum a little cup +
Oferous.] Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies,
as cuttlefish, etc.
Ac7eOtab6uOliOform (#), a. [L. acetabulum + Oform.] (Bot.)
Shaped like a shallow; saucerPshaped; as, an acetabuliform
X Ac7eOtab6uOlum (#), n. [L., a little saucer for vinegar,
fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a
measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc.
2. (Anat.) (a) The bony cup which receives the head of the
thigh bone. (b) The cavity in which the leg of an insect is
inserted at its articulation with the body. (c) A sucker of
the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals. (d) The large
posterior sucker of the leeches. (e) One of the lobes of the
placenta in ruminating animals.

Ac6eOtal (#), n. [Aceic + alcohol.] (Chem.) A limpid,
colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of
alcohol under the influence of platinum black.

Ac7etOal6deOhyde (#), n. Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.

Ac7etOam6ide (#), n. [Acetyl + amide.] (Chem.) A white
crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an
equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl.

Ac7etOan6iOlide (#), n. [Acetyl + anilide.] (Med.) A
compound of aniline with acetyl, used to allay fever or
pain; P called also antifebrine.

Ac7eOta6riOous (#), a. [L. acetaria, n. pl., salad, fr.
acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] Used in salads; as,
acetarious plants.

p. 15

Ac6eOtaOry (#), n. [L. acetaria salad plants.] An acid pulp
in certain fruits, as the pear.
Ac6eOtate (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
(Chem.) A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a
base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of

Ac6eOta7ted (#), a. Combined with acetic acid.

AOce6tic (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be
sour.] (Chem.) (a) Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing
vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation. (b)
Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as
acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which
the sour taste of vinegar is due.

AOcet7iOfiOca6tion (#), n. The act of making acetous or
sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted,
into vinegar.

AOcet6iOfi7er (#), n. An apparatus for hastening

AOcet6iOfy (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acetified (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acetifying (#).] [L. acetum vinegar + Ofly.] To
convert into acid or vinegar.

AOcet6iOfy, v. i. To turn acid.
Encyc. Dom. Econ.

Ac7eOtim6eOter (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar + Ometer: cf. F.
tre.] An instrument for estimating the amount of
acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic

Ac7eOtim6eOtry (#), n. The act or method of ascertaining the
strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid
contained in it.
Ac6eOtin (#), n. (Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with
Brande & C.
Ac6eOtize (#), v. i. To acetify. [R.]

Ac7eOtom6eOter (#), n. Same as Acetimeter.
Brande & C.

Ac6eOtone (#), n. [See Acetic.] (Chem.) A volatile liquid
consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and
one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, P obtained by the
distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive
distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with
5 The term in also applied to a number of bodies of similar
constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.

Ac7eOton6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to acetone; as,
acetonic bodies.

Ac6eOtose (#), a. Sour like vinegar; acetous.

Ac7eOtos6iOty (#), n. [LL. acetositas. See Acetous.] The
quality of being acetous; sourness.

AOce6tous (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be
sour.] 1. Having a sour taste; sour; acid. =An acetous
spirit.8 Boyle. =A liquid of an acetous kind.8 
Bp. Lowth.
2. Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous
Acetous acid, a name formerly given to vinegar<-- which
contains acetic acid -->.
Ac6eOtyl (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar + Gr. ? substance. See
Oyl.] (Chem.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of
two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen.
Its hydroxide is acetic acid.

AOcet6yOlene (#), n. (Chem.) A gaseous compound of carbon
and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former
to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a
peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an
illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the
action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very
Ach, Ache } (#), n. [F. ache, L. apium parsley.] A name
given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild
celery, parsley. [Obs.]
AOch.6an (#), AOcha6ian (#) } a. [L. Achaeus, Achaius; Gr.
?.] Of or pertaining to Achaia in Greece; also, Grecian. P
n. A native of Achaia; a Greek.

X AOchar6neOment (#), n. [F.] Savage fierceness; ferocity.

Ach6ate (#), n. An agate. [Obs.]
AOchate6 (#), n. [F. achat purchase. See Cates.]
1. Purchase; bargaining. [Obs.]
2. pl. Provisions. Same as Cates. [Obs.]

X Ach7aOti6na (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? agate.] (Zo.l.) A
genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts
of America and Africa.

AOchaOtour6 (#), n. [See Cater.] Purveyor; acater. [Obs.]
Ache (#), n. [OE. ache, AS. .ce, ece, fr. acan to ache. See
Ache, v. i.] Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden
twinges, or spasmodic pain. =Such an ache in my bones.=
5 Often used in composition, as, a headache, an earache, a

Ache (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ached (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Aching (#).] [OE. aken, AS. acan, both strong verbs, AS.
acan, imp. ?c, p. p. acen, to ache; perh. orig. to drive,
and akin to agent.] To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain,
or in continued pain; to be distressed. =My old bones ache.8
The sins that in your conscience ache.
AOche6an (#), a & n. See, Achaian.

AOchene6 (#), AOche6niOum (#) } n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to
gape.] (Bot.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a
single seed, as in the buttercup; P called a naked seed by
the earlier botanists. [Written also akene and ach.nium.] 

AOche6niOal (#), a. Pertaining to an achene.

Ach6eOron (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Myth.) A river in the
Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions
themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to
be a flaming lake or gulf. 
Ach7eOron6tic (#), a. Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal;
hence, dismal, gloomy; moribund.

AOchiev6aOble (#), a. Capable of being achieved.

AOchiev6ance (#), n. [Cf. OF. achevance.] Achievement.
Sir T. Elyot.

AOchieve6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achieved (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Achieving (#).] [OE. acheven, OF. achever, achiever,
F. achever, to finish; ? (L. ad) + OF. chief, F. chef, end,
head, fr. L. caput head. See Chief.] 1. To carry on to a
final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to
accomplish; to perform; P as, to achieve a feat, an exploit,
an enterprise. 
Supposing faculties and powers to be the same, far more may
be achieved in any line by the aid of a capital,
invigorating motive than without it.
I. Taylor.
2. To obtain, or gain, as the result of exertion; to succeed
in gaining; to win.
Some are born great, some achieve greatness.
Thou hast achieved our liberty.
[Obs., with a material thing as the aim.]
Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved.
He hath achieved a maid
That paragons description.
3. To finish; to kill. [Obs.]
Syn. P To accomplish; effect; fulfill; complete; execute;
perform; realize; obtain. See Accomplish.

AOchieve6ment (#), n. [Cf. F. ach
vement, E. Hatchment.] 1.
The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by
exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the
achievement of his object.
2. A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor,
boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.
[The exploits] of the ancient saints... do far surpass the
most famous achievements of pagan heroes.
The highest achievements of the human intellect.
3. (Her.) An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally
applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment.
AOchiev6er (#), n. One who achieves; a winner.

Ach7ilOle6an (#), a. Resembling Achilles, the hero of the
Iliad; invincible.

AOchil6les' ten6don (#), n. [L. Achillis tendo.] (Anat.) The
strong tendon formed of the united tendons of the large
muscles in the calf of the leg, an inserted into the bone of
the heel; P so called from the mythological account of
Achilles being held by the heel when dipped in the River

AOchi6lous (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? lip.] (Bot.) Without a

Ach6ing (#), a. That aches; continuously painful. See Ache.
P Ach6ingOly, adv.
The aching heart, the aching head.
X A7chiOo6te (#), n. [Sp. achiote, fr. Indian achiotl.]
Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter,
AOchlam6yOdate (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?. ?. a short cloak.]
(Zo.l.) Not possessing a mantle; P said of certain

Ach7laOmyd6eOous (#), a. (Bot.) Naked; having no floral
envelope, neither calyx nor corolla.

X AOcho6liOa (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? bile.]
(Med.) Deficiency or want of bile.

Ach6oOlous (#), a. (Med.) Lacking bile.

Ach7roOmat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? colorless; ? priv. + ?, ?,
color: cf. F. achromatique.] 1. (Opt.) Free from color;
transmitting light without decomposing it into its primary
2. (Biol.) Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; P
said of tissue.
Achromatic lens (Opt.), a lens composed usually of two
separate lenses, a convex and concave, of substances having
different refractive and dispersive powers, as crown and
flint glass, with the curvatures so adjusted that the
chromatic aberration produced by the one is corrected by
other, and light emerges from the compound lens
undecomposed. P Achromatic prism. See Prism, P Achromatic
telescope, or microscope, one in which the chromatic
aberration is corrected, usually by means of a compound or
achromatic object glass, and which gives images free from
extraneous color.

Ach7roOmat6icOalOly (#), adv. In an achromatic manner.

Ach7roOmaOtic6iOty (#), n. Achromatism.

AOchro6maOtin (#), n. (Biol.) Tissue which is not stained by
fluid dyes.
W. Flemming.

AOchro6maOtism (#), n. [Cf. F. achromatisme.] The state or
quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens;

AOchro7maOtiOza6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. achromatisation.] The
act or process of achromatizing.

AOchro6maOtize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achromatized (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Achromatizing (#).] [Gr. ? priv. + ? color.] To
deprive of color; to make achromatic.

AOchro6maOtop6sy (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? color + ? sight.]
Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.

AOchron6ic (#), a. See Acronyc.

Ach7roO.Odex6trin (#), n. [Gr. ? colorless + E. dextrin.]
(Physiol. Chem.) Dextrin not colorable by iodine. See

Ach6roOous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? color.] Colorless;

AOchy6lous (#), a. [Gr. ? without juice.] (Physiol.) Without

AOchy6mous (#), a. [Gr. ? without juice.] (Physiol.) Without

X AOcic6uOla (#), n.; pl. Acicul. (#). [L., a small needle,
dimin. of acus needle.] (Nat. Hist.) One of the needlelike
or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and
plants; also, a needlelike crystal. 

AOcic6uOlar (#), a. NeedlePshaped; slender like a needle or
bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp
points like needless. P AOcic6uOlarOly, adv.

AOcic6uOlate (#), AOcic6uOla6ted (#) } a. (Nat. Hist.) (a)
Furnished with acicul.. (b) Acicular. (c) Marked with fine
irregular streaks as if scratched by a needle.
AOcic6uOliOform (#), a. [L. acicula needle + Oform.]
NeedlePshaped; acicular.
AOcic6uOlite (#), n. (Min.) Needle ore.
Brande & C.
Ac6id (#), a. [L. acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp:
cf. F. acide. Cf. Acute.] 1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the
taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or
liquors. Also fig.: SourPtempered.
He was stern and his face as acid as ever.
A. Trollope.
2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.

Ac6id, n. 1. A sour substance.
2. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not
always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in
water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors.
They are also characterized by the power of destroying the
distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with
them to form salts, at the same time losing their own
peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with
a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more
generally with oxygen, and take their names from this
negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen
are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the
others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.
5 In certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may take
the place of oxygen, and the corresponding compounds are
called respectively sulphur acids or sulphacids, selenium
acids, or tellurium acids. When the hydrogen of an acid is
replaced by a positive element or radical, a salt is formed,
and hence acids are sometimes named as salts of hydrogen; as
hydrogen nitrate for nitric acid, hydrogen sulphate for
sulphuric acid, etc. In the old chemistry the name acid was
applied to the oxides of the negative or nonmetallic
elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.

AOcid6ic (#), a. (Min.) Containing a high percentage of
silica; P opposed to basic.
acid, as an acidic solution. PP>

Ac7idOif6erOous (#), a. [L. acidus sour + Oferous.]
Containing or yielding an acid.

AOcid6iOfi7aOble (#), a. Capable of being acidified, or
converted into an acid.

Ac7idOif6ic (#), a. Producing acidity; converting into an
AOcid7iOfiOca6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. acidification.] The act
or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.
AOcid6iOfi7er (#), n. (Chem.) A simple or compound
principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity,
as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.
AOcid6iOfy (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidified (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acidifying (#). [L. acidus sour, acid + Ofly: cf. F.
acidifier.] 1. To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to
acidify sugar.
2. To sour; to imbitter.
His thin existence all acidified into rage.
Ac7idOim6eOter (#), n. [L. acidus acid + Ometer.] (Chem.) An
instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids.
Ac7idOim6eOtry (#), n. [L. acidus acid + Ometry.] (Chem.)
The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a
chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations,
or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain
definite weight of reagent is required. P Ac7idOiOmet6ricOal
(#), a. 
AOcid6iOty (#), n. [L. acidites, fr. acidus: cf. F. acidit..
See Acid.] The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness;
sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.
Ac6idOly (#), adv. Sourly; tartly.
Ac6idOness (#), n. Acidity; sourness.
AOcid6uOlate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidulated (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Acidulating (#).] [Cf. F. aciduler. See Acidulous.]
To make sour or acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat.
AOcid6uOlent (#), a. Having an acid quality; sour;
acidulous. =With anxious, acidulent face.8
AOcid6uOlous (#), a. [L. acidulus, dim. of acidus. See
Acid.] Slightly sour; subPacid; sourish; as, an acidulous
E. Burke.
Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic
Ac7iOerOage (#), n. [F. aci.rage, fr. acier steel.] The
process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a
stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic
electricity; steeling.
Ac6iOform (#), a. [L. acus needle + Oform.] Shaped like a
Ac6iOna6ceous (#), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone.]
(Bot.) Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like
X AOcin6aOces (#), n. [L., from Gr. ?.] (Anc. Hist.) A short
sword or saber.
Ac7iOnac6iOform (#), a. [L. acinaces a short sword + Oform:
cf. F. acinaciforme.] (Bot.) ScimeterPshaped; as, an
acinaciform leaf.
X Ac7iOne6siOa (#), n. (Med.) Same as Akinesia.
X Ac7iOne6t. (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? immovable.] (Zo.l.)
A group of suctorial Infusoria, which in the adult stage are
stationary. See Suctoria.
Ac7iOnet6iOform (#), a. [Acinet. + Oform.] (Zo.l.)
Resembling the Acinet..
AOcin6iOform (#), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone + Oform:
cf. F. acinoforme.] 1. Having the form of a cluster of
grapes; clustered like grapes.
2. Full of small kernels like a grape.
Ac6iOnose7 (#), Ac6iOnous (#) } a. [L. acinosus, fr. acinus
grapestone.] Consisting of acini, or minute granular
concretions; as, acinose or acinous glands.

p. 16

X Ac6iOnus (#), n.; pl. Acini (#). [L., grape, grapestone.]
1. (Bot.) (a) One of the small grains or drupelets which
make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry,
etc. (b) A grapestone.
2. (Anat.) One of the granular masses which constitute a
racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of
the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland.
X Ac7iOpen6ser (#), n. [L., the name of a fish.] (Zo.l.) A
genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the
body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side
of the head. See Sturgeon.
Ac6iOur7gy (#), n. [Gr. ? a point + ? work.] Operative
AcOknow6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + know; AS. oncn>wan.] 1. To
recognize. [Obs.] =You will not be acknown, sir.8
B. Jonson.
2. To acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]
To be acknown (often with of or on), to acknowledge; to
confess. [Obs.]
We say of a stubborn body that standeth still in the denying
of his fault. This man will now acknowledge his fault, or,
He will not be acknown of his fault.
Sir T. More.
AcOknowl6edge (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acknowledged (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Acknowledging (#).] [Prob. fr. pref. aO + the
verb knowledge. See Knowledge, and ci. Acknow.] 1. To of or
admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth; to
declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a
I acknowledge my transgressions.
Ps. li. 3.
For ends generally acknowledged to be good.
2. To own or recognize in a particular character or
relationship; to admit the claims or authority of; to give
recognition to.
In all thy ways acknowledge Him.
Prov. iii. 6.
By my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee.
3. To own with gratitude or as a benefit or an obligation;
as, to acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter.
They his gifts acknowledged none.
4. To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument,
to give it validity; to avow or admit in legal form; as, to
acknowledgea deed.
Syn. P To avow; proclaim; recognize; own; admit; allow;
concede; confess. P Acknowledge, Recognize. Acknowledge is
opposed to keep back, or conceal, and supposes that
something had been previously known to us (though perhaps
not to others) which we now feel bound to lay open or make
public. Thus, a man acknowledges a secret marriage; one who
has done wrong acknowledges his fault; and author
acknowledge his obligation to those who have aided him; we
acknowledge our ignorance. Recognize supposes that we have
either forgotten or not had the evidence of a thing
distinctly before our minds, but that now we know it (as it
were) anew, or receive and admit in on the ground of the
evidence it brings. Thus, we recognize a friend after a long
absence. We recognize facts, principles, truths, etc., when
their evidence is brought up fresh to the mind; as, bad men
usually recognize the providence of God in seasons of
danger. A foreign minister, consul, or agent, of any kind,
is recognized on the ground of his producing satisfactory
credentials. See also Confess.
AcOknowl6edgedOly (#), adv. Confessedly.
AcOknowl6edgOer (#), n. One who acknowledges.
AcOknowl6edgOment (#), n. 1. The act of acknowledging;
admission; avowal; owning; confession. =An acknowledgment of
2. The act of owning or recognized in a particular character
or relationship; recognition as regards the existence,
authority, truth, or genuineness.
Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the Christian faith,
the eunuch was baptized by Philip.
3. The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition;
expression of thanks.
4. Something given or done in return for a favor, message,
5. A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it
legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a
proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer
attesting such declaration.
Acknowledgment money, in some parts of England, a sum paid
by copyhold tenants, on the death of their landlords, as an
acknowledgment of their new lords.
Syn. P Confession; concession; recognition; admission;
avowal; recognizance.
AOclin6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to incline.] (Physics.)
Without inclination or dipping; P said the magnetic needle
balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic
line is also termed the magnetic equator.
Prof. August.
Ac6me (#), n. [Gr. ? point, top.] 1. The top or highest
point; the culmination.
The very acme and pitch of life for epic poetry.
The moment when a certain power reaches the acme of its
I. Taylor.
2. (Med.) The crisis or height of a disease.
3. Mature age; full bloom of life.
B. Jonson.
Ac6ne (#), n. [NL., prob. a corruption of Gr. ?] (Med.) A
pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the
sebaceous glands.
AcOno6dal (#), a. Pertaining to acnodes.
Ac6node (#), n. [L. acus needle + E. node.] (Geom.) An
isolated point not upon a curve, but whose co.rdinates
satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered
as belonging to the curve.
AOcock6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + cock.] In a cocked or turned
up fashion.
AOcock6bill7 (#), adv. [Prefix aO + cock + bill: with bills
cocked up.] (Naut.) (a) Hanging at the cathead, ready to let
go, as an anchor. (b) Topped up; having one yardarm higher
than the other.
AOcold6 (#), a. [Prob. p. p. of OE. acolen to grow cold or
cool, AS. >c?lian to grow cold; pref. aO (cf. Goth. erO,
orig. meaning out) + c?lian to cool. See Cool.] Cold. [Obs.]
=Poor Tom's acold.8
Ac7oOlog6ic (#), a. Pertaining to acology.
AOcol6oOgy (#), n. [Gr. ? remedy + Ology.] Materia medica;
the science of remedies.
AOcol6oOthist (#), n. See Acolythist.
Ac7oOlyc6tine (#), n. [From the name of the plant.] (Chem.)
An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained
from Aconitum lycoctonum.
Eng. Cyc.
Ac7oOlyte (#), n. [LL. acolythus, acoluthus, Gr. ?
following, attending: cf. F. acolyte.]
1. (Eccl.) One who has received the highest of the four
minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry
the wine and water and the lights at the Mass.
2. One who attends; an assistant. =With such chiefs, and
with James and John as acolytes.8
Ac6oOlyth (#), n. Same as Acolyte.
AOcol6yOthist (#), n. An acolyte. [Obs.]
AOcond6dyOlose7 (#), AOcon6dyOlous (#), } a. [Gr. ? priv. +
? joint.] (Nat. Hist.) Being without joints; jointless.
Ac7oOni6tal (#), a. Of the nature of aconite. 
Ac6oOnite (#), n. [L. aconitum, Gr. ?: cf. F. aconit.] 1.
(Bot.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; P applied to any
plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the
species of which are poisonous.
2. An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus,
used as a poison and medicinally.
Winter aconite, a plant (Eranthis hyemalis) allied to the
X Ac7oOni6tiOa (#), n. (Chem.) Same as Aconitine.
Ac7oOnit6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to aconite.
AOcon6iOtine (#), n. (Chem.) An intensely poisonous
alkaloid, extracted from aconite.
X Ac7oOni6tum (#), n. [L. See Aconite.] The poisonous herb
aconite; also, an extract from it. 
As aconitum or rash gunpowder.
X AOcon6tiOa (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a little dart.]
(Zo.l.) Threadlike defensive organs, composed largely of
nettling cells (cnid.), thrown out of the mouth or special
pores of certain Actini. when irritated.
X AOcon6tiOas (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ?, dim. ? dart.]
(Zo.l.) Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a
genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.
AOcop6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? striking. weariness, ? to
strike.] (Med.) Relieving weariness; restorative.
A6corn (#), n. [AS. .cern, fr. .cer field, acre; akin to D.
aker acorn, Ger. ecker, Icel. akarn, Dan. agern, Goth. akran
fruit, akrs field; P orig. fruit of the field. See Acre.] 1.
The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody
cup or cupule.
2. (Naut.) A conePshaped piece of wood on the point of the
spindle above the vane, on the mastPhead.
3. (Zo.l.) See AcornPshell.
A6corn cup (#). The involucre or cup in which the acorn is
A6corned (#), a. 1. Furnished or loaded with acorns.
2. Fed or filled with acorns. [R.]
A6cornPshell7 (#), n. (Zo.l.) One of the sessile cirripeds;
a barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.
AOcos6mism (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? world.] A denial of the
existence of the universe as distinct from God.
AOcos6mist (#), n. [See Acosmism.] One who denies the
existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from
G. H. Lewes.
AOcot7yOle6don (#; 277), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? anything
cupPshaped. See Cotyledon.] (Bot.) A plant which has no
cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.
AOcot7yOled6onOous (#; 277), a. Having no seed lobes, as the
dodder; also applied to plants which have no true seeds, as
ferns, mosses, etc.
AOcou6chy (#), n. [F. acouchi, from the native name Guiana.]
(Zo.l.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).
AOcou6meOter (#), n. [Gr. ? to hear + Ometer.] (Physics.) An
instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of
AOcou6meOtry (#), n. [Gr. ? to hear + Ometry.] The measuring
of the power or extent of hearing.
AOcous6tic (#; 277), a. [F. acoustique, Gr. ? relating to
hearing, fr. ? to hear.] Pertaining to the sense of hearing,
the organs of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory. 
Acoustic duct, the auditory duct, or external passage of the
ear. P Acoustic telegraph, a telegraph making audible
signals; a telephone. P Acoustic vessels, brazen tubes or
vessels, shaped like a bell, used in ancient theaters to
propel the voices of the actors, so as to render them
audible to a great distance.
AOcous6tic, n. A medicine or agent to assist hearing.
AOcous6ticOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to acoustics.
AOcous6ticOalOly (#), adv. In relation to sound or to
Ac7ousOti6cian (#), n. One versed in acoustics.
AOcous6tics (#; 277), n. [Names of sciences in Oics, as,
acoustics, mathematics, etc., are usually treated as
singular. See Oics.] (Physics.) The science of sounds,
teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws.
Acoustics, then, or the science of sound, is a very
considerable branch of physics.
Sir J. Herschel.
5 The science is, by some writers, divided, into
diacoustics, which explains the properties of sounds coming
directly from the ear; and catacoustica, which treats of
reflected sounds or echoes.
AcOquaint6 (#), a. [OF. acoint. See Acquaint, v. t.]
Acquainted. [Obs. or Archaic]
AcOquaint6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquainted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acquainting.] [OE. aqueinten, acointen, OF. acointier, LL.
adcognitare, fr. L. ad + cognitus, p. p. of cognoscere to
know; conO + noscere to know. See Quaint, Know.] 1. To
furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to
know; to make familiar; P followed by with.
Before a man can speak on any subject, it is necessary to be
acquainted with it.
A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief.
Isa. liii. 3.
2. To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; P
followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that,
introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with
the particulars of an act.
Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love.
I must acquaint you that I have received
New dated letters from Northumberland.
3. To familiarize; to accustom. [Obs.]
To be acquainted with, to be possessed of personal knowledge
of; to be cognizant of; to be more or less familiar with; to
be on terms of social intercourse with.
Syn. P To inform; apprise; communicate; advise.
AcOquaint6aOble (#), a. [Cf. OF. acointable. Easy to be
acquainted with; affable. [Obs.]
Rom. of R.
AcOquaint6ance (#), n. [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr.
acointier. See Acquaint.] 1. A state of being acquainted, or
of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial,
knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of
that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have
no acquaintance with him.
Contract no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a
guileful man.
Sir W. Jones.
2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.
Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson.
5 In this sense the collective term acquaintance was
formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly
singular, and has the regular plural acquaintances.
To be of acquaintance, to be intimate. P To take
acquaintance of or with, to make the acquaintance of. [Obs.]
Syn. P Familiarity; intimacy; fellowship; knowledge. P
Acquaintance, Familiarity, Intimacy. These words mark
different degrees of closeness in social intercourse.
Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our
acquaintance has been a brief one. We can speak of a slight
or an intimate acquaintance. Familiarity is the result of
continued acquaintance. It springs from persons being
frequently together, so as to wear off all restraint and
reserve; as, the familiarity of old companions. Intimacy is
the result of close connection, and the freest interchange
of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship.
Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer
acquaintance with him.
We contract at last such a familiarity with them as makes it
difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds.
It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies
to men of virtue.
AcOquaint6anceOship, n. A state of being acquainted;
AcOquaint6ant (#), n. [Cf. F. acointant, p. pr.] An
acquaintance. [R.]
AcOquaint6ed, a. Personally known; familiar. See To be
acquainted with, under Acquaint, v. t.
AcOquaint6edOness, n. State of being acquainted; degree of
acquaintance. [R.]
AcOquest6 (#), n. [OF. aquest, F. acqu.t, fr. LL. acquestum,
acquisFtum, for L. acquisFtum, p. p. (used substantively) of
acquirere to acquire. See Acquire.]
1. Acquisition; the thing gained. [R.]
2. (Law) Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise
than by inheritance.
Ac7quiOesce6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acquiesced (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Acquiescing (#)] [ L. acquiescere; ad + quiescere
to be quiet, fr. quies rest: cf. F. acquiescer. See Quiet.]
1. To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest
without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous
opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence
or by omitting to object; P followed by in, formerly also by
with and to.
They were compelled to acquiesce in a government which they
did not regard as just.
De Quincey.
2. To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an
opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but
so far as to forbear opposition.
Syn. P To submit; comply; yield; assent; agree; consent;
accede; concur; conform; accept tacitly.
Ac7quiOes6cence (#), n. [Cf. F. acquiescence.]
1. A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission
with apparent content; P distinguished from avowed consent
on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open
discontent; quiet satisfaction.
2. (Crim. Law) (a) Submission to an injury by the party
injured. (b) Tacit concurrence in the action of another.

p. 17

Ac7quiOes6cenOcy (#), n. The quality of being acquiescent;
Ac7 quiOes6cent (#), a. [L. acquiescens, O?entis; p. pr.]
Resting satisfied or submissive; disposed tacitly to submit;
assentive; as, an acquiescent policy.
Ac7quiOes6centOly, adv. In an acquiescent manner.
AcOqui6et (#), v. t. [LL. acquietare; L. ad + quies rest.
See Quiet and cf. Acquit.] To quiet. [Obs.]
Acquiet his mind from stirring you against your own peace.
Sir A. Sherley. 
AcOquir6aObil6iOty (#), n. The quality of being acquirable;
attainableness. [R.]
AcOquir6aOble (#), a. Capable of being acquired.
AcOquire6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquired (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acquiring (#).] [L. acquirere, acquisitum; ad +
quarere to seek for. In OE. was a verb aqueren, fr. the
same, through OF. aquerre. See Quest..] To gain, usually by
one's own exertions; to get as one's own; as, to acquire a
title, riches, knowledge, skill, good or bad habits.
No virtue is acquired in an instant, but step by step.
Descent is the title whereby a man, on the death of his
ancestor, acquires his estate, by right of representation,
as his heir at law.
Syn. P To obtain; gain; attain; procure; win; earn; secure.
See Obtain.
AcOquire6ment (#), n. The act of acquiring, or that which is
acquired; attainment. =Rules for the acquirement of a
His acquirements by industry were... enriched and enlarged
by many excellent endowments of nature. 
Syn. P Acquisition, Acquirement. Acquirement is used in
opposition to a natural gift or talent; as, eloquence, and
skill in music and painting, are acquirements; genius is the
gift or endowment of nature. It denotes especially personal 
attainments, in opposition to material or external things
gained, which are more usually called acquisitions; but this
distinction is not always observed.
AcOquir6er (#), n. A person who acquires.
AcOquir6y (#), n. Acquirement. [Obs.]
Ac6quiOsite (#), a. [L. acquisitus, p. p. of acquirere. See
Acquire.] Acquired. [Obs.]
Ac7quiOsi6tion (#), n. [L. acquisitio, fr. acquirere: cf. F.
acquisition. See Acquire.] 1. The act or process of
The acquisition or loss of a province.
2. The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as,
learning is an acquisition.
Syn. P See Acquirement.
AcOquis6iOtive (#), a. 1. Acquired. [Obs.]
He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil.
2. Able or disposed to make acquisitions; acquiring; as, an
acquisitive person or disposition.
AcOquis6iOtiveOly, adv. In the way of acquisition.
AcOquis6iOtiveOness, n. 1. The quality of being acquisitive;
propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.
2. (Phren.) The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute
the desire of acquiring and possessing.
AcOquis6iOtor (#), n. One who acquires.
AcOquist6 (#), n. [Cf. Acquest.] Acquisition; gain.
AcOquit6 (#), p. p. Acquitted; set free; rid of. [Archaic]
AcOquit6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquitted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acquitting.] [OE. aquiten, OF. aquiter, F. acquitter; ? (L.
ad) + OF. quiter, F. quitter, to quit. See Quit, and cf.
Acquiet.] 1. To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off;
to pay off; to requite.
A responsibility that can never be absolutely acquitted.
I. Taylor.
2. To pay for; to atone for. [Obs.]
3. To set free, release or discharge from an obligation,
duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; P
now followed by of before the charge, formerly by from; as,
the jury acquitted the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil
4. Reflexively: (a) To clear one's self.k. (b) To bear or
conduct one's self; to perform one's part; as, the soldier
acquitted himself well in battle; the orator acquitted
himself very poorly.
Syn. P To absolve; clear; exonerate; exonerate; exculpate;
release; discharge. See Absolve.
AcOquit6ment (#), n. [Cf. OF. aquitement.] Acquittal. [Obs.]
AcOquit6tal (#), n. 1. The act of acquitting; discharge from
debt or obligation; acquittance.
2. (Law) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of
an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court.
AcOquit6tance (#), n. [OF. aquitance, fr. aquiter. See
Acquit.] 1. The clearing off of debt or obligation; a
release or discharge from debt or other liability.
2. A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in
full, which bars a further demand.
You can produce acquittances
For such a sum, from special officers.
AcOquit6tance, v. t. To acquit. [Obs.]
AcOquit6ter (#), n. One who acquits or releases.
X AOcra6niOa (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? priv. + ? skull.] 1.
(Physiol.) Partial or total absence of the skull.
2. pl. (Zo.l.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the
amphioxus, in which no skull exists.
AOcra6niOal (#), a. Wanting a skull.
AOcrase6, AOcraze6 } (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + crase; or cf. F.
ertaining to adenology.
Ad7eOnol6oOgy (?), n. [AdenoO + Ology.] The part of
physiology that treats of the glands.
Ad7eOnoph6oOrous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? bearing.] (Bot.)
Producing glands.
Ad7eOnoph6ylOlous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having glands on the leaves.
Ad6eOnose7 (?; 277), a. Like a gland; full of glands;
glandulous; adenous.
Ad7eOnoOtom6ic (?), a. Pertaining to adenotomy.
Ad7eOnot6oOmy (?), n. [AdenoO + Gr. ? a cutting, ? to cut.]
(Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.
Ad6eOnous (?), a. Same as Adenose.
X Ad6eps (?), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard.
AOdept6 (?), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), ?he who
has obtained an art, p. p. of adipsci to arrive ?at, to
obtain; ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One
fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as,
adepts in philosophy. 
AOdept6, a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly
Beaus adept in everything profound.
AOdep6tion (?), n. [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] An obtaining;
attainment. [Obs.]
In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief
adeption of the victory.
AOdept6ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]

AOdept6ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.

Ad6eOquaOcy (?), n. [See Adequate.] The state or quality of
being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency
for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the
Ad6eOquate (?), a. [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to
make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See
Equal.] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or
correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a
great work; an adequate definition.
Ireland had no adequate champion.
De Quincey. 
Syn. P Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable;
competent; capable.
Ad6eOquate (?), v. t. [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to
make adequate. [R.]
2. To equal. [Obs.]
It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in
his eternity.
Ad6eOquateOly (?), adv. In an adequate manner.
Ad6eOquateOness, n. The quality of being adequate;
suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
Ad7eOqua6tion (?), n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of
equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent.
Bp. Barlow.
AOdes6my (?), n. [Gr. ? unfettered; ? priv. + ? a fetter.]
(Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that
is usually entire.
AdOes7seOna6riOan (?), n. [Formed fr. L. adesse to be
present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the
real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by
AdOfect6ed (?), a. [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.]
(Alg.) See Affected, 5.
AdOfil6iOa7ted (?), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.]
AdOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.]
AdOflux6ion (?), n. See Affluxion.
AdOha6mant (?), a. [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus
hook.] Clinging, as by hooks.
AdOhere6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adhering (?).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to
stick: cf. F. adh.rer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or
cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or
united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere
to the pleura.
2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either
by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or
opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a
3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to
agree. =Nor time nor place did then adhere.8 Every thing 
adheres together.8
Syn. P To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold
AdOher6ence (?), n. [Cf. F. adh.rence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1.
The quality or state of adhering.
2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady
attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to
Syn. P Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once
freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. 
Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is
applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence 
to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc.
Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense,
except in the phrase =To give in one's adhesion to a cause
or a party.8
AdOher6enOcy (?), n. 1. The state or quality of being
adherent; adherence. [R.]
2. That which adheres. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AdOher6ent (?), a. [L. adhaerens, Oentis, p. pr.: cf. F.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering.
2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance.
3. (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind,
as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.
AdOher6ent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who 
follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or
partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.
2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.]
Syn. P Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter;
dependent; ally; backer.
AdOher6entOly, adv. In an adherent manner.
AdOher6er (?), n. One who adheres; an adherent.
AdOhe6sion (?), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F.
adh.sion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being
attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of
parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to
error, to a policy.
His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of
their foreign policy.
De Quincey.
3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.
To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion.
4. (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies
in contact. See Cohesion.
5. (Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the
formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory
6. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other
plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
Syn. P Adherence; union. See Adherence.
AdOhe6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. adh.sif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious,
as glutinous substances.
2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging.
Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. P Adhesive 
inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which
terminates in the reunion of divided parts without
suppuration. - Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster
containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.
AdOhe6siveOly, adv. In an adhesive manner.
AdOhe6siveOness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering;
stickiness; tenacity of union.
2. (Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to
persons, and to promote social intercourse.
AdOhib6it (?), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to
hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or
thing; to take in.
2. To use or apply; to administer.
3. To attach; to affix.
Ad7hiObi6tion (?), n. [L. adhibitio.] The act of adhibiting;
application; use.
X Ad hom6iOnem (?). [L., to the man.] A phrase applied to an
appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests,
or passions of a man.
AdOhort6 (?), v. t. [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To
exhort; to advise. [Obs.]
Ad7horOta6tion (?), n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to
advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.]
AdOhor6taOtoOry (?), a. Containing counsel or warning;
hortatory; advisory. [Obs.]
Ad7iOaObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? not passable; ? priv. + ?
through + ? to go.] (Physics) Not giving out or receiving
heat. - Ad7iOaObat7icOalOly, adv.
w line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of
pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without
either receiving or giving out heat.
Ad7iOacOtin6ic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + diactinic.] (Chem.)
Not transmitting the actinic rays.
X Ad7iOan6tum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, maidenhair; ? priv. +
? to wet.] (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed 
water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of
Ad7iOaph6oOrism (?), n. Religious indifference.
Ad7iOaph6oOrist (?), n. [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One
of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some
opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential,
which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.
Ad7iOaph7oOris6tic (?), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent
in faith and practice.
Ad7iOaph6oOrite (?), n. Same as Adiaphorist.
Ad7iOaph6oOrous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? different; ?
through + ? to bear.] 1. Indifferent or neutral.
Jer. Taylor.
2. (Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some
Ad7iOaph6oOry, n. [Gr. ?.] Indifference. [Obs.]
Ad7iOaOther6mic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? through + ?heat.]
Not pervious to heat.

AOdieu6 (?), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F.
? dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an
expression of kind wishes at parting.

AOdieu6, n.; pl. Adieus (?). A farewell; commendation to the
care of God at parting.
AOdight6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Adight.] [Pref. aO (intensive) +
OE. dihten. See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to
attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]
X Ad in7fiOni6tum (?).[L., to infinity.] Without limit;
X Ad in6terOim (?)[L.] Meanwhile; temporary.
Ad7eOpes6cent (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Oescent.]
Becoming fatty.
AOdip6ic (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining
to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; - applied to
certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric
carbon atoms in a linear chain PP>
Ad7iOpoc6erOate (?), v. t. To convert adipocere.
Ad7iOpoc7erOa6tion (?), n. The act or process of changing
into adipocere.
Ad6iOpoOcere7 (?), n. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf.
F. adipocere.] A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a
light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of
dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in
water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty
Ad7iOpoOcer6iOform (?), a. [Adipocere + Oform.] Having the
form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.
Ad7iOpoc6erOous (?), a. Like adipocere.
Ad6iOpose7 (?; 277), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Of
or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
Adipose fin (Zo.l.), a soft boneless fin. P Adipose tissue
(Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains
Ad6iOpose7ness (?), Ad7iOpos6iOty (?), } n. The state of
being fat; fatness.
Ad6iOpous (?), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.]
AOdip6sous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?, thirst.] Quenching
thirst, as certain fruits.
Ad6ipOsy (?), n. [Gr. ? not thirsty; ? priv. + ? thirst.]
(Med.) Absence of thirst.
Ad6it (?), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, ?aitum, to go to; ad +
ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The
nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by
which water and ores are carried away; - called also drift
and tunnel.
2. Admission; approach; access. [R.]
Yourself and yours shall have
Free adit.
Ad6ja6cence (?), AdOja6cenOcy (?), } [Cf. LL. adjacentia.]
1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity;
as, the adjacency of lands or buildings.
2. That which is adjacent.[R.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOja6cent (?), a. [L. adjacens, Ocentis, p. pr. of adjacere
to lie near; ad + jac?re to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Lying
near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a
field adjacent to the highway. =The adjacent forest.8
B. Jonson.
Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle.
Syn. - Adjoining; contiguous; near. - Adjacent, Adjoining,
Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each
other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields,
adjacent villages, etc.
I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled
with Christians.
Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of
junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is
spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one
side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings;
a wood contiguous to a plain.
AdOja6cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.] 
AdOja6centOly, adv. So as to be adjacent.
AdOject6 (?), v. t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw
to, to add to; ad + ac?re to throw. See Jet a shooting
forth.] To add or annex; to join.
AdOjec6tion (?), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F.
adjection. See Adject.] The act or mode of adding; also, the
thing added. [R.]
B. Jonson.
AdOjec6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to adjection; that is, or
may be, annexed. [R.]
Ad7jecOti6tious (?), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional.
Ad7jecOti6val (?), a. Of or relating to the relating to the
adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective.
W. Taylor (1797)
Ad7jecOti6valOly, adv. As, or in the manner of, an
adjective; adjectively.
Ad6jecOtive (?), a. [See Adjective, n.]
1. Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of
an adjunct; as, an word sentence.
2. Not standing by itself; dependent.
Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some
mordant or base to give it permanency.
3. Relating to procedure. =The whole English law,
substantive and adjective.8
Ad6jecOtive, n. [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of
adjectivus that is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See
Adject.] 1. (Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive,
to express a quality of the thing named, or something
attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or
describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in
phrase, =a wise ruler,8 wise is the adjective, expressing a
property of ruler.
2. A dependent; an accessory.

Ad6jecOtive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjectived (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjectiving (?).] To make an adjective of; to form or
change into an adjective. [R.]
Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct
signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood,
as it has to adjective time. It has... adjectived all three.
Ad6jecOtiveOly, adv. In the manner of an adjective; as, a
word used adjectively.
AdOjoin6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjoined (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adjoining.] [OE. ajoinen, OF. ajoindre, F. adjoindre, fr.
L. adjungere; ad + jungere to join. See Join, and cf.
Adjunct.] To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be
in contact with; to attach; to append.
Corrections... should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of

AdOjoin6 (?), v. i. 1. To lie or be next, or in contact; to
be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
When one man's land adjoins to another's.
5 The construction with to, on, or with is obsolete or
2. To join one's self. [Obs.]
She lightly unto him adjoined side to side.
AdOjoin6ant (?), a. Contiguous. [Obs.]
AdOjoin6ing, a. Joining to; contiguous; adjacent; as, an
adjoining room. =The adjoining fane.8
Upon the hills adjoining to the city.
Syn. P Adjacent; contiguous; near; neighboring; abutting;
bordering. See Adjacent.
Ad6joint (?), n. An adjunct; a helper. [Obs.]
AdOjourn (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjourned (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjourning (?).] [OE. ajornen, OF. ajoiner, ajurner,
F. ajourner; OF. a (L. ad) + jor, jur, jorn, F. jour, day,
fr. L. diurnus belonging to the day, fr. dies day. Cf.
Journal, Journey.] To put off or defer to another day, or
indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the day;
- commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened
body; as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate.
It is a common practice to adjourn the reformation of their
lives to a further time.
'Tis a needful fitness
That we adjourn this court till further day.
Syn. - To delay; defer; postpone; put off; suspend. - To
Adjourn, Prorogue, Dissolve. These words are used in
respect to public bodies when they lay aside business and
separate. Adjourn, both in Great Britain and this country,
is applied to all cases in which such bodies separate for a
brief period, with a view to meet again. Prorogue is applied
in Great Britain to that act of the executive government, as
the sovereign, which brings a session of Parliament to a
close. The word is not used in this country, but a
legislative body is said, in such a case, to adjourn sine
die. To dissolve is to annul the corporate existence of a
body. In order to exist again the body must be
AdOjourn6, v. i.To suspend business for a time, as from one
day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely;
usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and
courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned 
at four o'clock; the court adjourned without day.
AdOjourn6al (?), n. Adjournment; postponement. [R.] =An
adjournal of the Diet.8
Sir W. Scott.
AdOjourn6ment (?), n. [Cf. f. adjournement, OF. ajornement.
See Adjourn.] 1. The act of adjourning; the putting off till
another day or time specified, or without day.
2.The time or interval during which a public body adjourns
its sittings or postpones business.
AdOjudge6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudged (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjudging (?).] [OE. ajugen, OF. ajugier, fr. L.
adjudicare; ad + judicare to judge. See Judge, and cf.
Adjudicate.] 1. To award judicially in the case of a
controverted question; as, the prize was adjudged to the
2. To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide
or award judicially; to adjudicate; as, the case was
adjudged in the November term.
3. To sentence; to condemn.
Without reprieve, adjudged to death
For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth.
4. To regard or hold; to judge; to deem.
He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship.
Syn. - To decree; award; determine; adjudicate; ordain;
AdOjudg6er (?), n. One who adjudges.
AdOjudg6ment (?), n. The act of adjudging; judicial
decision; adjudication.
Sir W. Temple.
AdOju6diOcate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudicated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Adjudicating (?)] [L. adjudicatus, p. p. of
adjudicare. See Adjudge.] To adjudge; to try and determine,
as a court; to settle by judicial decree.
AdOju6diOcate, v. i. To come to a judicial decision; as, the
court adjudicated upon the case.
AdOju7diOca6tion (?), n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F.
adjudication.] 1. The act of adjudicating; the act or
process of trying and determining judicially.
2. A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a
judicial decision or sentence. =An adjudication in favor of
natural rights.8
3. (Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question
whether the debtor is a bankrupt.
4. (Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security
or in satisfaction of a debt.
AdOju6diOcaOtive (?), a. Adjudicating.
AdOju6diOca7tor (?), n. One who adjudicates.
AdOju6diOcaOture (?), n. Adjudication.
Ad6juOgate (?), v. t. [L. adjugatus, p. p. of adjugare; ad +
jugum a yoke.] To yoke to. [Obs.]
Ad6juOment (?), n. [L. adjumentum, for adjuvamentum, fr.
adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] Help; support; also,
a helper. [Obs.]
Ad6junct7 (?), a. [L. adjunctus, p. p. of adjungere. See
Adjoin.] Conjoined; attending; consequent.
Though that my death were adjunct to my act.
w notes (Mus.), short notes between those essential to the
harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes.
Ad6junct7, n. 1. Something joined or added to another thing,
but not essentially a part of it.
Learning is but an adjunct to our self.
2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a
colleague; an associate.
3. (Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the
force of other words; as, the History of the American
Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or
adjuncts of =History.8
4. (Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind,
whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body,
judgment in the mind.
5. (Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as
principal; a relative or attendant key. [R.] See Attendant
keys, under Attendant, a.
AdOjunc6tion (?), n. [L. adjunctio, fr. adjungere: cf. F.
adjonction, and see Adjunct.] The act of joining; the thing
joined or added.
AdOjunc6tive (?), a. [L. adjunctivus, fr. adjungere. See
Adjunct.] Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an
AdOjunc6tive, n. One who, or that which, is joined.
AdOjunc6tiveOly, adv. In an adjunctive manner.
AdOjunct6ly (?), adv. By way of addition or adjunct; in
connection with.
Ad7juOra6tion (?), n. [L. adjuratio, fr. adjurare: cf. F.
adjuration. See Adjure.] 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn
charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an
earnest appeal.
What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall.
Bp. Hall.
2. The form of oath or appeal.
Persons who... made use of prayer and adjurations.
AdOju6raOtoOry (?), a. [L. adjuratorius.] Containing an
AdOjure6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjured (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adjuring (?). [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to;
later, to adjure: cf. F. adjurer. See Jury.] To charge,
bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the
penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or
impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.
Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man
before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city
Josh. vi. 26.
The high priest... said... I adjure thee by the living God,
that tell us whether thou be the Christ.
Matt. xxvi. 63.
The commissioners adjured them not to let pass so favorable
an opportunity of securing their liberties.
AdOjur6er (?), n. One who adjures.
AdOjust6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjusted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adjusting.] [OF. ajuster, ajoster (whence F. ajouter to
add), LL. adjuxtare to fit; fr. L. ad + juxta near; confused
later with L. ad and justus just, right, whence F. ajuster
to adjust. See Just, v. t. and cf. Adjute.] 1. To make
exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to
bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the
body, or things to a standard.
2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.
Adjusting the orthography.
3. To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that
parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts;
the differences are adjusted.
4. To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an
instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope
or microscope.
Syn. - To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate; set
right; rectify; settle.
AdOjust6aOble (?), a. Capable of being adjusted.
AdOjust6age (?), n. [Cf. Ajutage.] Adjustment. [R.]
AdOjust6er (?), n. One who, or that which, adjusts.
AdOjust6ive (?), a. Tending to adjust. [R.]
AdOjust6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. ajustement. See Adjust.] 1. The
act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of
bringing into proper relations; regulation.
Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the
parts concerned.
2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of
conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution,
exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
3. The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument,
as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative
position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as,
to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment. 
Syn. - Suiting; fitting; arrangement; regulation;
settlement; adaptation; disposition.
Ad6juOtage (?), n. Same as Ajutage.
Ad6juOtanOcy (?), n. [See Adjutant.] 1. The office of an
2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.
It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of
definition and division.
Ad6juOtant (?), n. [L. adjutans, p. pr. of adjutare to help.
See Aid.] 1. A helper; an assistant.
2. (Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the
colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in
the details of regimental and garrison duty.
w general (a) (Mil.), the principal staff officer of an
army, through whom the commanding general receives
communications and issues military orders. In the U. S. army
he is brigadier general. (b) (Among the Jesuits), one of a
select number of fathers, who resided with the general of
the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned
to his care.
3. (Zo.l.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a
native of India; - called also the gigantic crane, and by
the native name argala. It is noted for its
serpent-destroying habits.
Ad6juOta7tor (?), n. (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator.
AdOjute6 (?), v. t. [F. ajouter; confused with L. adjutare.]
To add. [Obs.]
AdOju6tor (?), n. [L., fr. adjuvare. See Aid.] A helper or
assistant. [Archaic]
AdOju6toOry (?), a. [L. adjutorius.] Serving to help or
assist; helping. [Obs.]
AdOju6trix (?), n. [L. See Adjutor.] A female helper or
assistant. [R.]
Ad6juOvant (?), a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid:
cf. F. adjuvant. See Aid.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.]
=Adjuvant causes.8
Ad6juOvant, n. 1. An assistant. [R.]
2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or
modifies the action of the principal ingredient.

Ad7leOga6tion (?), n. [L. adlegatio, allegatio, a sending
away; fr. adlegare, allegare, to send away with a
commission; ad in addition + legare to send as ambassador.
Cf. Allegation.] A right formerly claimed by the states of
the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those
of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the
common interest of the empire.
Encyc. Brit. 

X Ad lib6iOtum (?). At one's pleasure; as one wishes.
Ad7loOcu6tion (?), n. See Allocution. [Obs.]
AdOmar6ginOate (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + margin.] To write in
the margin. [R.]
AdOmax6ilOlaOry (?), a. [Pref. adO + maxillary.] (Anat.)
Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
AdOmeas6ure (?; 135), v. t. [Cf. OF. amesurer, LL.
admensurare. See Measure.] 1. To measure.
2. (Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper
apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common
of pasture.
AdOmeas6ureOment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amesurement, and E.
Measure.] 1. The act or process of ascertaining the
dimensions of anything; mensuration; measurement; as, the
admeasurement of a ship or of a cask. = Admeasurement by
2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size.
3. (Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or
ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in
common. This was by writ of admeasurement, directed to the
AdOmeas6urOer (?), n. One who admeasures.
AdOmen7suOra6tion (?), n. [LL. admensuratio; L. ad +
mensurare to measure. See Mensuration.] Same as
AdOmin6iOcle (?), n. [L. adminculum support, orig., that on
which the hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending 
Oculym.] 1. Help or support; an auxiliary.
2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof.
In Scots law, any writing tending to establish the existence
or terms of a lost deed.
Ad7miOnic6uOlar (?), a. Supplying help; auxiliary;
corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence.
H. Spencer.
Ad7miOnic6uOlaOry (?), a. Adminicular.
AdOmin6isOter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Administered (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Administering.] [OE. aministren, OF.
aministrer, F. administer, fr. L. administrare; ad +
ministrare to serve. See Minister.] 1.To manage or conduct,
as public affairs; to direct or superintend the execution,
application, or conduct of; as, to administer the government
or the state.
For forms of government let fools contest:
Whate'er is best administered is best.
2. To dispense; to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to
administer relief, to administer the sacrament.
[Let zephyrs] administer their tepid, genial airs.
Justice was administered with an exactness and purity not
before known.
3. To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or
something beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow, a 
reproof, etc.
A noxious drug had been administered to him.
4. To tender, as an oath.
Swear... to keep the oath that we administer.
5. (Law) To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a
will, or whose will fails of an executor.
Syn. - To manage; conduct; minister; supply; dispense; give
out; distribute; furnish.
AdOmin6isOter, v. i. 1. To contribute; to bring aid or
supplies; to conduce; to minister.
A fountain... administers to the pleasure as well as the
plenty of the place.
2. (Law) To perform the office of administrator; to act
officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
AdOmin6isOter, n. Administrator. [Obs.]
AdOmin7isOte6riOal (?), a. Pertaining to administration, or
to the executive part of government.
AdOmin6isOtraOble (?), a. Capable of being administered; as,
an administrable law.
AdOmin6isOtrant (?), a. [F., p. pr. of administrer. See
Administer.] Executive; acting; managing affairs. - n. One
who administers.
AdOmin6isOtrate (?), v. t. [L. administratus, p. p. of
administrare.] To administer. [R.]
AdOmin7isOtra6tion (?; 277), n. [OE. administracioun, L.
administratio: cf. F. administration.] 1. The act of
administering; government of public affairs; the service
rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the
conducting of any office or employment; direction;
His financial administration was of a piece with his
military administration.
2. The executive part of government; the persons
collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws
and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief
magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or
ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.
A mild and popular administration.
The administration has been opposed in parliament.
3. The act of administering, or tendering something to
another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine,
of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.

4. (Law) (a) The management and disposal, under legal
authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator
having no competent executor. (b) The management of an
estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly
corresponding term execution not being in use.
w with the will annexed, administration granted where the
testator has appointed no executor, or where his appointment
of an executor for any cause has failed, as by death,
incompetency, refusal to act, etc.
Syn. - Conduct; management; direction; regulation;
execution; dispensation; distribution.
AdOmin6isOtra7tive (?), a. [L. administrativus: cf. F.
administratif.] Pertaining to administration; administering;
executive; as, an administrative body, ability, or energy. -
AdOmin6isOtra7tiveOly, adv.
AdOmin7isOtra6tor (?), n. [L.] 1. One who administers
affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or dispenses,
whether in civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical
affairs; a manager.
2. (Law) A man who manages or settles the estate of an
intestate, or of a testator when there is no competent
executor; one to whom the right of administration has been
committed by competent authority.
AdOmin7isOtra6torOship, n. The position or office of an
AdOmin7isOtra6trix (?), n. [NL.] A woman who administers;
esp., one who administers the estate of an intestate, or to
whom letters of administration have been granted; a female
Ad7miOraObil6iOty (?), n. [L. admirabilitac.] Admirableness.
Ad6miOraOble (?), a. [L. admirabilis: cf. F. admirable.] 1.
Fitted to excite wonder; wonderful; marvelous. [Obs.]
In man there is nothing admirable but his ignorance and
Jer. Taylor.
2. Having qualities to excite wonder united with
approbation; deserving the highest praise; most excellent; -
used of persons or things. =An admirable machine.8
=Admirable fortitude.8
Syn. - Wonderful; marvelous; surprising; excellent;
delightful; praiseworthy.
Ad6miOraObleOness, n. The quality of being admirable;
wonderful excellence.
Ad6miOraObly, adv. In an admirable manner.
Ad6miOral (?), n. [OE. amiral, admiral, OF. amiral,
ultimately fr. Ar. amFrOalObahr commander of the sea; Ar.
amFr is commander, al is the Ar. article, and amFrOal, heard
in different titles, was taken as one word. Early forms of
the word show confusion with L. admirabilis admirable, fr.
admirari to admire. It is said to have been introduced into
Europe by the Genoese or Venetians, in the 12th or 13th
century. Cf. Ameer, Emir.] 1. A naval officer of the
highest rank; a naval officer of high rank, of which there
are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are
admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the
commander in chief of a fleet or of fleets.
2.The ship which carries the admiral; also, the most
considerable ship of a fleet.
Like some mighty admiral, dark and terrible, bearing down
upon his antagonist with all his canvas straining to the
wind, and all his thunders roaring from his broadsides.
E. Everett.
3. (Zo.l.) A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of
Europe and America. The larva feeds on nettles.
w shell (Zo.l.), the popular name of an ornamental cone
shell (Conus admiralis).
Lord High w, a great officer of state, who (when this rare
dignity is conferred) is at the head of the naval
administration of Great Britain.
Ad6miOralOship, n. The office or position oaf an admiral;
also, the naval skill of an admiral.
Ad6miOralOty (?), n.; pl. Admiralties (?). [F. amiraut., for
an older amiralt., office of admiral, fr. LL. admiralitas.
See Admiral.] 1. The office or jurisdiction of an admiral.
2. The department or officers having authority over naval
affairs generally.
3.The court which has jurisdiction of maritime questions and
5 In England, admiralty jurisdiction was formerly vested in
the High Court of Admiralty, which was held before the Lord
High Admiral, or his deputy, styled the Judge of the
Admiralty; but admiralty jurisdiction is now vested in the
probate, divorce, and admiralty division of the High
Justice. In America, there are no admiralty courts distinct
from others, but admiralty jurisdiction is vested in the
district courts of the United States, subject to revision by
the circuit courts and the Supreme Court of the United
States. Admiralty jurisprudence has cognizance of maritime
contracts and torts, collisions at sea, cases of prize in
war, etc., and in America, admiralty jurisdiction is
extended to such matters, arising out of the navigation of
any of the public waters, as the Great Lakes and rivers.
4. The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.
5. The building in which the lords of the admiralty, in
England, transact business.
AdOmir6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. admirance.] Admiration. [Obs.]
Ad7miOra6tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. admiratio. See Admire.] 1.
Wonder; astonishment. [Obs.]
Season your admiration for a while.
2.Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion
excited by a person or thing possessed of wonderful or high
excellence; as, admiration of a beautiful woman, of a
landscape, of virtue.
3. Cause of admiration; something to excite wonder, or
pleased surprise; a prodigy.
Now, good Lafeu, bring in the admiration.
Note of ~, the mark (!), called also exclamation point.
Syn. - Wonder; approval; appreciation; adoration; reverence;
AdOmi6aOtive (?), a. Relating to or expressing admiration or
wonder. [R.]
AdOmire6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admired (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Admiring (?).] [F. admirer, fr. L. admirari; ad + mirari
to wonder, for smirari, akin to Gr. ? to smile, Skr. smi,
and E. smile.] 1. To regard with wonder or astonishment; to
view with surprise; to marvel at. [Archaic]
Examples rather to be admired than imitated.
2. To regard with wonder and delight; to look upon with an
elevated feeling of pleasure, as something which calls out
approbation, esteem, love, or reverence; to estimate or
prize highly; as, to admire a person of high moral worth, to
admire a landscape.
Admired as heroes and as gods obeyed.
5 Admire followed by the infinitive is obsolete or
colloquial; as, I admire to see a man consistent in his
Syn. - To esteem; approve; delight in.
AdOmire6, v. i.To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with
surprise; - sometimes with at.
To wonder at Pharaoh, and even admire at myself.
AdOmired6 (?), a. 1. Regarded with wonder and delight;
highly prized; as, an admired poem.
2. Wonderful; also, admirable. [Obs.] =Admired disorder.8 
= Admired Miranda.8
AdOmir6er (?), n. One who admires; one who esteems or loves
AdOmir6ing, a. Expressing admiration; as, an admiring
glance. - AdOmir6ingOly, adv.
AdOmis7siObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. admissibilit..] The
quality of being admissible; admissibleness; as, the
admissibility of evidence.
AdOmis6siOble (?), a. [F. admissible, LL. admissibilis. See
Admit.] Entitled to be admitted, or worthy of being
admitted; that may be allowed or conceded; allowable; as,
the supposition is hardly admissible. - AdOmis6siObleOness,
n. P AdOmis6siObly, adv.
AdOmis6sion (?), n. [L. admissio: cf. F. admission. See
Admit.] 1. The act or practice of admitting.
2. Power or permission to enter; admittance; entrance;
access; power to approach.
What numbers groan for sad admission there!
3. The granting of an argument or position not fully proved;
the act of acknowledging something ?serted; acknowledgment;
The too easy admission of doctrines.
4. (Law) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by
another, and distinguishable from a confession in that an
admission presupposes prior inquiry by another, but a
confession may be made without such inquiry.
5. A fact, point, or statement admitted; as, admission made
out of court are received in evidence.
6. (Eng. Eccl. Law) Declaration of the bishop that he
approves of the presentee as a fit person to serve the cure
of the church to which he is presented.
Syn. - Admittance; concession; acknowledgment; concurrence;
allowance. See Admittance.
AdOmis6sive (?), a.Implying an admission; tending to admit.
AdOmis6soOry (?), a. Pertaining to admission.
AdOmit6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admitted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Admitting.] [OE. amitten, L. admittere, admissum; ad +
mittere to send: cf. F. admettre, OF. admettre, OF. ametre.
See Missile.] 1. To suffer to enter; to grant entrance,
whether into a place, or into the mind, or consideration; to
receive; to take; as, they were into his house; to admit a
serious thought into the mind; to admit evidence in the
trial of a cause.
2. To give a right of entrance; as, a ticket one into a
3. To allow (one) to enter on an office or to enjoy a
privilege; to recognize as qualified for a franchise; as, to
admit an attorney to practice law; the prisoner was admitted
to bail.
4. To concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an
allegation which it is impossible to deny; to own or
confess; as, the argument or fact is admitted; he admitted
his guilt.
5. To be capable of; to permit; as, the words do not admit
such a construction. In this sense, of may be used after the
verb, or may be omitted.
Both Houses declared that they could admit of no treaty with
the king.
AdOmit6taOble (?), a. Admissible.
Sir T. Browne.
AdOmit6tance (?), n. 1. The act of admitting.
2. Permission to enter; the power or right of entrance;
also, actual entrance; reception.
To gain admittance into the house.
He desires admittance to the king.
To give admittance to a thought of fear.
3. Concession; admission; allowance; as, the admittance of
an argument. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
4. Admissibility. [Obs. & R.]
5. (Eng. Law) The act of giving possession of a copyhold
Syn. - Admission; access; entrance; initiation. -
Admittance, Admission. These words are, to some extent, in a
state of transition and change. Admittance is now chiefly
confined to its primary sense of access into some locality
or building. Thus we see on the doors of factories, shops,
etc. =No admittance.8 Its secondary or moral sense, as
=admittance to the church,8 is almost entirely laid aside.
Admission has taken to itself the secondary or figurative
senses; as, admission to the rights of citizenship;
admission to the church; the admissions made by one of the
parties in a dispute. And even when used in its primary
sense, it is not identical with admittance. Thus, we speak
of admission into a country, territory, and other larger
localities, etc., where admittance could not be used. So,
when we speak of admission to a concert or other public
assembly, the meaning is not perhaps exactly that of
admittance, viz., access within the walls of the building,
but rather a reception into the audience, or access to the
performances. But the lines of distinction on this subject
are one definitely drawn.
X Ad7mitOta6tur (?), n. [L., let him be admitted.] The
certificate of admission given in some American colleges.
AdOmit6ted (?), a. Received as true or valid; acknowledged.
- AdOmit6tedOly, adv. Confessedly.
AdOmit6ter (?), n. One who admits.
AdOmix6 (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + mix: cf. L. admixtus, p. p.
of admiscere. See Mix.] To mingle with something else; to
mix. [R.]
AdOmix6tion (?; 106), n. [L. admixtio.] A mingling of
different things; admixture.
AdOmix6ture (?; 135), n. [L. admiscere, admixtum, to admix;
ad + miscere to mix. See Mix.]
1. The act of mixing; mixture.
2. The compound formed by mixing different substances
3. That which is mixed with anything.
AdOmon6ish (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admonished (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Admonishing.] [OE. amonesten, OF. amonester, F.
admonester, fr. a supposed LL. admonesstrare, fr. L.
admonere to remind, warn; ad + monere to warn. See
Monition.] 1. To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove
gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort. =Admonish him as
a brother.8
2 Thess. iii. 15.
2. To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise;
to warn against danger or an offense; - followed by of,
against, or a subordinate clause.
Admonishing one another in psalms and hymns.
Col. iii. 16.
I warned thee, I admonished thee, foretold
The danger, and the lurking enemy.
3. To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
Moses was admonished of God, when he was about to make the
Heb. viii. 5.
AdOmon6ishOer (?), n. One who admonishes.
AdOmon6ishOment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amonestement,
admonestement.] Admonition. [R.]
Ad7moOni6tion (?), n. [OE. amonicioun, OF. amonition, F.
admonition, fr. L. admonitio, fr. admonere. See Admonish.]
Gentle or friendly reproof; counseling against a fault or
error; expression of authoritative advice; friendly caution
or warning.
Syn. - Admonition, Reprehension, Reproof. Admonition is
prospective, and relates to moral delinquencies; its object
is to prevent further transgression. Reprehension and
reproof are retrospective, the former being milder than the
latter. A person of any age or station may be liable to
reprehension in case of wrong conduct; but reproof is the
act of a superior. It is authoritative fault-finding or
censure addressed to children or to inferiors.
Ad7moOni6tionOer (?), n. Admonisher. [Obs.]
AdOmon6iOtive (?), a. Admonitory. [R.] Barrow. P
AdOmon6iOtiveOly, adv.
AdOmon6iOtor (?), n. [L.] Admonisher; monitor.
Conscience is at most times a very faithful and prudent
AdOmon7iOto6riOal (?), a. Admonitory. [R.] =An admonitorial
AdOmon6iOtoOry (?), a. [LL. admonitorius.] That conveys
admonition; warning or reproving; as, an admonitory glance.
- AdOmon6iOtoOriOly (?), adv.
AdOmon6iOtrix (?), n. [L.] A female admonitor.
AdOmor7tiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. admortizatio. Cf.
Amortization.] (Law) The reducing or lands or tenements to
mortmain. See Mortmain.
AdOmove6 (?), v. t. [L. admovere. See Move.] To move or
conduct to or toward. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOnas6cent (?), a. [L. adnascens, p. pr. of adnasci to be
born, grow.] Growing to or on something else. =An adnascent
Ad6nate (?), a. [L. adnatus, p. p. of adnasci. See
Adnascent, and cf. Agnate.] 1. (Physiol.) Grown to
2. (Bot.) Growing together; - said only of organic cohesion
of unlike parts.
An anther is adnate when fixed by its whole length to the
3. (Zo.l.) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; - a
term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other
compound animals.
AdOna6tion (?), n. (Bot.) The adhesion or cohesion of
different floral verticils or sets of organs.
AdOnom6iOnal (?), a. [L. ad + nomen noun.] (Gram.)
Pertaining to an adnoun; adjectival; attached to a noun.
Gibbs. P AdOnom6iOnalOly, adv.
Ad6noun7 (?), n. [Pref. adO + noun.] (Gram.) An adjective,
or attribute. [R.]
AdOnu6biOla7ted (?), a. [L. adnubilatus, p. p. of
adnubilare.] Clouded; obscured. [R.]
AOdo6 (?), (1) v. inf., (2) n. [OE. at do, northern form
for to do. Cf. Affair.] 1. To do; in doing; as, there is
nothing . =What is here ado?8
J. Newton.
2. Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss;
bustle; as, to make a great ado about trifles.
With much ado, he partly kept awake.
Let's follow to see the end of this ado.
X AOdo6be (?), n. [Sp.] An unburnt brick dried in the sun;
also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or
New Mexico.
Ad7oOles6cence (?), n. [Fr., fr. L. adolescentia.] The state
of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth,
or the period of life between puberty and maturity,
generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen
to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower
Ad7oOles6cenOcy (?), n. The quality of being adolescent;

Ad7oOles6cent (?), a. [L. adolescens, p. pr. of adolescere
to grow up to; ad + the inchoative olescere to grow: cf. F.
adolescent. See Adult.] Growing; advancing from childhood to
Schools, unless discipline were doubly strong,
Detain their adolescent charge too long.
Ad7oOles6cent, n. A youth.
Ad7oOne6an (?), a. [L. Adon?us.] Pertaining to Adonis;
Adonic. =Fair Adonean Venus.8
AOdon6ic (?), a. [F. adonique: cf. L. Adonius.] Relating to
Adonis, famed for his beauty. - n. An Adonic verse.
w verse, a verse consisting of a dactyl and spondee (?).
X AOdo6nis (?), n. [L., gr. Gr. ?.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) A youth
beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed in the chase
by a wild boar.
2. A pre minently beautiful young man; a dandy.
3. (Bot.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculace?,
containing the pheasaut's eye (Adonis autumnalis); - named
from Adonis, whose blood was fabled to have stained the
AOdo6nist (?), n. [Heb. ?d?n>i my Lords.] One who maintains
that points of the Hebrew word translated =Jehovah8 are
really the vowel points of the word =Adonai.8 See Jehovist.
Ad6oOnize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. adoniser, fr. Adonis.] To
beautify; to dandify.
I employed three good hours at least in adjusting and
adonozing myself.
AOdoor (?), AOdoors (?), } At the door; of the door; as, out
I took him in adoors.
Vicar's Virgil (1630).
AOdopt6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adopted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adopting.] [L. adoptare; ad + optare to choose, desire: cf.
F. adopter. See Option.] 1. To take by choice into
relationship, as, child, heir, friend, citizen, etc.; esp.
to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) to be in the
place of, or as, one's own child.
2. To take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally;
to select and take or approve; as, to adopt the view or
policy of another; these resolutions were adopted.
AOdopt6aOble (?), a. Capable of being adopted.
AOdopt6ed (?), a. Taken by adoption; taken up as one's own;
as, an adopted son, citizen, country, word. - AOdopt6edOly,
AOdopt6er (?), n. 1. One who adopts.
2. (Chem.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each
other, one of which admits the neck of a retort, and the
other is joined to another receiver. It is used in
distillations, to give more space to elastic vapors, to
increase the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite two
vessels whose openings have different diameters. [Written
also adapter.]
AOdop6tion (?), n. [L. adoptio, allied to adoptare to adopt:
cf. F. adoption.] 1. The act of adopting, or state of being
adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to
be the same as one's own child.
2. Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the
adoption of persons into hospitals or monasteries, or of one
society into another.
3. The choosing and making that to be one's own which
originally was not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of
Jer. Taylor.
AOdop6tionOist, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect which
maintained that Christ was the Son of God not by nature but
by adoption.
AOdop6tious (?), a. Adopted. [Obs.]
AOdopt6ive (?), a. [L. adoptivus: cf. F. adoptif.]
Pertaining to adoption; made or acquired by adoption; fitted
to adopt; as, an adoptive father, an child; an adoptive
language. - AOdopt6iveOly, adv.
AOdor7aObil6iOty (?), n. Adorableness.
AOdor6aOble (?), a. [L. adorabilis, fr. adorare: cf. F.
adorable.] 1. Deserving to be adored; worthy of divine
The adorable Author of Christianity.
2. Worthy of the utmost love or respect.
AOdor6aObleOness, n. The quality of being adorable, or
worthy of adoration.
AOdor6aObly, adv. In an adorable manner.
Ad7oOra6tion (?), n. [L. adoratio, fr. adorare: cf. F.
adoration.] 1. The act of playing honor to a divine being;
the worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god.
The more immediate objects of popular adoration amongst the
heathens were deified human beings.
2. Homage paid to one in high esteem; profound veneration;
intense regard and love; fervent devotion.
3. A method of electing a pope by the expression of homage
from two thirds of the conclave.
[Pole] might have been chosen on the spot by adoration.
AOdore6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Adoring (?).] [OE. aouren, anouren, adoren, OF. aorer,
adorer, F. adorer, fr. L. adorare; ad + orare to speak,
pray, os, oris, mouth. In OE. confused with honor, the
French prefix aO being confused with OE. a, an, on. See
Oral.] 1. To worship with profound reverence; to pay divine
honors to; to honor as deity or as divine.
Bishops and priests, ... bearing the host, which he [James
?.] publicly adored.
2. To love in the highest degree; to regard with the utmost
esteem and affection; to idolize.
The great mass of the population abhorred Popery and adored
AOdore6, v. t. To adorn. [Obs.]
Congealed little drops which do the morn adore.
AOdore6ment (?), n. The act of adoring; adoration. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AOdor6er (?), n. One who adores; a worshiper; one who
admires or loves greatly; an ardent admirer. =An adorer of
I profess myself her adorer, not her friend.
AOdor6ingOly, adv. With adoration.
AOdorn6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adorned (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adorning.] [OE. aournen, anournen, adornen, OF. aorner,
fr. L. aaornare; ad + ornare to furnish, embellish. See
Adore, Ornate.] To deck or dress with ornaments; to
embellish; to set off to advantage; to render pleasing or
As a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
Isa. lxi. 10.
At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
His looks adorned the venerable place.
Syn. - To deck; decorate; embellish; ornament; beautify;
grace; dignify; exalt; honor. - To Adorn, Ornament,
Decorate, Embellish. We decorate and ornament by putting on
some adjunct which is attractive or beautiful, and which
serves to heighten the general effect. Thus, a lady's
head-dress may be ornament or decorated with flowers or
jewelry; a hall may be decorated or ornament with carving or
gilding, with wreaths of flowers, or with hangings.
Ornament is used in a wider sense than decorate. To
embellish is to beautify or ornament richly, not so much by
mere additions or details as by modifying the thing itself
as a whole. It sometimes means gaudy and artificial
decoration. We embellish a book with rich engravings; a
style is embellished with rich and beautiful imagery; a
shopkeeper embellishes his front window to attract
attention. Adorn is sometimes identical with decorate, as
when we say, a lady was adorned with jewels. In other cases,
it seems to imply something more. Thus, we speak of a
gallery of paintings as adorned with the works of some of
the great masters, or adorned with noble statuary and
columns. Here decorated and ornamented would hardly be
appropriate. There is a value in these works of genius
beyond mere show and ornament. Adorn may be used of what is
purely moral; as, a character adorned with every Christian
grace. Here neither decorate, nor ornament, nor embellish is
AOdorn6, n. Adornment. [Obs.]
AOdorn6, a. Adorned; decorated. [Obs.]
Ad7orOna6tion (?), n. Adornment. [Obs.]
AOdorn6er (?), n. He who, or that which, adorns; a
AOdorn6ingOly, adv. By adorning; decoratively.
AOdorn6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. adornement. See Adorn.] An
adorning; an ornament; a decoration.
AdOos6cuOla6tion (?), n. [L. adosculari, adosculatum, to
kiss. See Osculate.] (Biol.) Impregnation by external
contact, without intromission.
AOdown6 (?), adv. [OE. adun, adoun, adune. AS. of d?ne off
the hill. See Down.] From a higher to a lower situation;
downward; down, to or on the ground. [Archaic] =Thrice did
she sink adown.8
AOdown6, prep. Down. [Archaic & Poetic]
Her hair adown her shoulders loosely lay displayed.
AdOpress6 (?), v. t. [L. adpressus, p. p. of adprimere.]
See Appressed. - AdOpressed6 (?), a.
AOdrad6 (?), p. a. [P. p. of adread.] Put in dread; afraid.
Ad6raOgant (?), n. [F., a corruption of tragacanth.] Gum
Brande & C.
AOdread6 (?), v. t. & i. [AS. andr.dan, ondr.; pref. aO (for
and against) + dr.den to dread. See Dread.] To dread. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AOdreamed6 (?), p. p. Visited by a dream; - used in the
phrase, To be adreamed, to dream. [Obs.]
AdOre6nal (?), a. [Pref. adO + renal.] (Anat.) Suprarenal.
A6driOan (?), a. [L. Hadrianus.] Pertaining to the Adriatic
Sea; as, Adrian billows.
A7driOat6ic (?), a. [L. Adriaticus, Hadriaticus, fr. Adria
or Hadria, a town of the Veneti.] Of or pertaining to a sea
so named, the northwestern part of which is known as the
Gulf of Venice.
AOdrift6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO (for on) + drift.]
Floating at random; in a drifting condition; at the mercy of
wind and waves. Also fig.
So on the sea shall be set adrift.
Were from their daily labor turned adrift.
AOdrip6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO in + drip.] In a dripping
state; as, leaves all adrip.
D. G. Mitchell.
Ad6roOgate (?), v. t. [See Arrogate.] (Rom. L?w) To adopt (a
person who is his own master).
Ad7roOga6tion (?), n. [L. adrogatio, arrogatio, fr.
adrogare. See Arrogate.] (Rom. Law) A kind of adoption in
ancient Rome. See Arrogation.
AOdroit6 (?), a. [F. adroit; . (L. ad) = droit straight,
right, fr. L. directus, p. p. of dirigere. See Direct.]
Dexterous in the use of the hands or in the exercise of the
mental faculties; exhibiting skill and readiness in avoiding
danger or escaping difficulty; ready in invention or
execution; - applied to persons and to acts; as, an adroit
mechanic, an adroit reply. =Adroit in the application of the
telescope and quadrant.8 Horsley. =He was adroit in
Syn. - Dexterous; skillful; expert; ready; clever; deft;
ingenious; cunning; ready-witted.
AOdroit6ly, adv. In an adroit manner.
AOdroit6ness, n. The quality of being adroit; skill and
readiness; dexterity.
Adroitness was as requisite as courage.
Syn. - See Skill.
AOdry6 (?), a. [Pref. aO (for on) + dry.] In a dry or
thirsty condition. =A man that is adry.8
Ad7sciOti6tious (?), a. [L. adscitus, p. p. of adsciscere,
asciscere, to take knowingly; ad + sciscere to seek to know,
approve, scire to know.] Supplemental; additional;
adventitious; ascititious. =Adscititious evidence.8 Bowring.
P Ad7sciOti6tiousOly, adv.
Ad6script (?), a. [L. adscriptus, p. p. of adscribere to
enroll. See Ascribe.] Held to service as attached to the
soil; - said of feudal serfs.
Ad6script (?), n. One held to service as attached to the
glebe or estate; a feudal serf.
AdOscrip6tive (?), a.[L. adscriptivus. See Adscript.]
Attached or annexed to the glebe or estate and transferable
with it.
AdOsig7niOfiOca6tion (?), n. Additional signification. [R.]
AdOsig6niOfy (?), v. t. [L. adsignificare to show.] To
denote additionally. [R.]
AdOstrict6 (?), v. t. P AdOstric6tion (?), n. See Astrict,
and Astriction.
AdOstric6toOry (?), a. See Astrictory.
AdOstrin6gent (?), a. See Astringent.
X Ad7uOla6riOa (?), n. [From Adula, a mountain peak in
Switzerland, where fine specimens are found.] (Min.) A
transparent or translucent variety of common feldspar, or
orthoclase, which often shows pearly opalescent reflections;
- called by lapidaries moonstone.
Ad6uOlate (?), v. t. [L. adulatus, p. p. of adulari.] To
flatter in a servile way.
Ad7uOla6tion (?), n. [F. adulation, fr. L. adulatio, fr.
adulari, adulatum, to flatter.] Servile flattery; praise in
excess, or beyond what is merited.
Think'st thou the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation?
Syn. - Sycophancy; cringing; fawning; obsequiousness;
blandishment. - Adulation, Flattery, Compliment. Men deal in
compliments from a desire to please; they use flattery
either from undue admiration, or a wish to gratify vanity;
they practice adulation from sordid motives, and with a
mingled spirit of falsehood and hypocrisy. Compliment may be
a sincere expression of due respect and esteem, or it may be
unmeaning; flattery is apt to become gross; adulation is
always servile, and usually fulsome.
Ad6uOla7tor (?), n.b [L., fr. adulari: cf. F. adulateur.] A
servile or hypocritical flatterer.
Ad6uOlaOtoOry (?), a. [L. adulatorius, fr. adulari: cf. OF.
adulatoire.] Containing excessive praise or compliment;
servilely praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address.
A mere rant of adulatory freedom.
Ad6uOla7tress (?), n. A woman who flatters with servility.
AOdult6 (?), a. [L. adultus, p. p. of adolescere, akin to
alere to nourish: cf. F. adulte. See Adolescent, Old.]
Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength;
matured; as, an adult person or plant; an adult ape; an
adult age.
AOdult6, n. A person, animal, or plant grown to full size
and strength; one who has reached maturity.
5 In the common law, the term is applied to a person who has
attained full age or legal majority; in the civil law, to
males after the age of fourteen, and to females after
Bouvier. Burrill.
AOdul6ter (?), v. i. [L. adulterare.] To commit adultery; to
pollute. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
AOdul6terOant (?), n. [L. adulterans, p. pr. of adulterare.]
That which is used to adulterate anything. - a.
Adulterating; as, adulterant agents and processes.
AOdul6terOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adulterated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n Adulterating (?).] [L. adulteratus, p. p. of
adulterare, fr. adulter adulterer, prob. fr. ad + alter 
other, properly one who approaches another on account of
unlawful love. Cf. Advoutry.]
1. To defile by adultery. [Obs.]
2. To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a
foreign or a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink,
drugs, coin, etc.
The present war has... adulterated our tongue with strange
Syn. - To corrupt; defile; debase; contaminate; vitiate;
AOdul6terOate, v. i. To commit adultery. [Obs.]
AOdul6terOate (?), a. 1. Tainted with adultery.
2. Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance;
adulterated; spurious.
- AOdul6terOateOly, adv. P AOdul6terOateOness, n.
AOdul7terOa6tion (?), n. [L. adulteratio.] 1. The act of
adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or
drink) by foreign mixture.
The shameless adulteration of the coin.
2. An adulterated state or product.
AOdul6terOa7tor (?), n. [L.] One who adulterates or
corrupts. [R.]
AOdul6terOer (?), n. [Formed fr. the verb adulter, with the
E. ending Oer. See Advoutrer.] 1. A man who commits
adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a
woman not his wife.
2. (Script.) A man who violates his religious covenant.
Jer. ix. 2.
AOdul6terOess (?), n. [Fem. from L. adulter. Cf.
Advoutress.] 1. A woman who commits adultery.
2. (Script.) A woman who violates her religious engagements.
James iv. 4.
AOdul6terOine (?), a.[L. adulterinus, fr. adulter.]
Proceeding from adulterous intercourse. Hence: Spurious;
without the support of law; illegal.
When any particular class of artificers or traders thought
proper to act as a corporation without a charter, such were
called adulterine guilds.
Adam Smith.
AOdul6terOine, n. An illegitimate child. [R.]
AOdul6terOize (?), v. i. To commit adultery.
AOdul6terOous (?), a. 1. Guilty of, or given to, adultery;
pertaining to adultery; illicit.
2. Characterized by adulteration; spurious. =An adulterous
mixture.8 [Obs.]
AOdul6terOousOly, adv. In an adulterous manner.
AOdul6terOy (?), n.; pl. Adulteries (?). [L. adulterium. See
Advoutry.] 1. The unfaithfulness of a married person to the
marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with
another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a
married woman with another than her husband.

5 It is adultery on the part of the married wrongdoer.
The word has also been used to characterize the act of an
unmarried participator, the other being married. In the
United States the definition varies with the local statutes.
Unlawful intercourse between two married persons is
sometimes called double adultery; between a married and an
unmarried person, single adultery.
2. Adulteration; corruption. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
3. (Script.) (a) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well
as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment. (b)
Faithlessness in religion.
Jer. iii. 9.
4. (Old Law) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of
5. (Eccl.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during
the life of the bishop.
6. Injury; degradation; ruin. [Obs.]
You might wrest the caduceus out of my hand to the adultery
and spoil of nature.
B. Jonson.
AOdult6ness (?), n. The state of being adult.
AdOum6brant (?), a. [L. adumbrans, p. pr. of adumbrare.]
Giving a faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing
AdOum6brate (?), v. t. [L. adumbratus, p. p. of adumbrare;
ad + umbrare to shade; umbra shadow.]
4. To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to
outline; to shadow forth.
Both in the vastness and the richness of the visible
universe the invisible God is adumbrated.
L. Taylor.
2. To overshadow; to shade.
Ad7umObra6tion (?), n. [L. adumbratio.] 1. The act of
adumbrating, or shadowing forth.
2. A faint sketch; an outline; an imperfect portrayal or
representation of a thing. 
Elegant adumbrations of sacred truth.
Bp. Horsley.
3. (Her.) The shadow or outlines of a figure.
AdOum6braOtive (?), a. Faintly representing; typical.
Ad7uOna6tion (?), n. [L. adunatio; ad + unus one.] A
uniting; union.
Jer. Taylor.
AOdunc6, AOdunque6 (?), a. (Zo.l.) Hooked; as, a parrot has
an adunc bill.
AOdun6ciOty (?), n. [L. aduncitas. See Aduncous.] Curvature
inwards; hookedness.
The aduncity of the beaks of hawks.
AOdun6cous (?), a. [L. aduncus; ad + uncus hooked, hook.]
Curved inwards; hooked.
AOdure6 (?), v. t. [L. adurere; ad + urere to burn.] To burn
up. [Obs.]
AOdust6 (?), a. [L. adustus, p. p. of adurere: cf. F.
aduste.] 1. Inflamed or scorched; fiery. =The Libyan air
2. Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt.
A tall, thin man, of an adust complexion.
Sir W. Scott.
3. (Med.) Having much heat in the constitution and little
serum in the blood. [Obs.] Hence: Atrabilious; sallow;
AOdust6ed, a. Burnt; adust. [Obs.]
AOdust6iOble (?), a. That may be burnt. [Obs.]
AOdus6tion (?; 106), n. [L. adustio, fr. adurere, adustum:
cf. F. adustion.] 1. The act of burning, or heating to
dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried. [Obs. or
2. (Surg.) Cauterization.
X Ad vaOlo6rem (?). [L., according to the value.] (Com.) A
term used to denote a duty or charge laid upon goods, at a
certain rate per cent upon their value, as stated in their
invoice, P in opposition to a specific sum upon a given
quantity or number; as, an ad valorem duty of twenty per
AdOvance6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advanced (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advancing (?)(?).] [OE. avancen, avauncen, F.
avancer, fr. a supposed LL. abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant)
before. The spelling with d was a mistake, aO being supposed
to be fr. L. ad. See Avaunt.] 1. To bring forward; to move
towards the van or front; to make to go on.
2. To raise; to elevate. [Archaic]
They... advanced their eyelids.
3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
Ahasueres... advanced him, and set his seat above all the
Esther iii. 1.
4. To accelerate the growth or progress; to further; to
forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the
ripening of fruit; to advance one's interests.
5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show;
as, to advance an argument.
Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own.
6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes
due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a
merchant advances money on a contract or on goods consigned
to him.
8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate;
as, to advance the price of goods.
9. To extol; to laud. [Obs.]
Greatly advancing his gay chivalry.
Syn. P To raise; elevate; exalt; aggrandize; improve;
heighten; accelerate; allege; adduce; assign.
AdOvance6, v. i. 1. To move or go forward; to proceed; as,
he advanced to greet me.
2. To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to
advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.
3. To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred
or promoted.
Advanced to a level with ancient peers.
AdOvance6, n. [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See Advance, v.]
1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward;
2. Improvement or progression, physically, mentally,
morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge,
or religion; an advance in rank or office.
3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an
advance on the prime cost of goods.
4. The first step towards the attainment of a result;
approach made to gain favor, to form an acquaintance, to
adjust a difference, etc.; an overture; a tender; an offer;
P usually in the plural.
[He] made the like advances to the dissenters.
5. A furnishing of something before an equivalent is
received (as money or goods), towards a capital or stock, or
on loan; payment beforehand; the money or goods thus
furnished; money or value supplied beforehand. 
I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances.
The account was made up with intent to show what advances
had been made.
In advance (a) In front; before. (b) Beforehand; before an
equivalent is received. (c) In the state of having advanced
money on account; as, A is advance to B a thousand dollars
or pounds.
AdOvance6 (?), a. Before in place, or beforehand in time; P
used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the
main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made
before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a
forthcoming volume, received in advance of the time of
AdOvanced6 (?), a. 1. In the van or front.
2. In the front or before others, as regards progress or
ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.
3. Far on in life or time.
A gentleman advanced in years, with a hard experience
written in his wrinkles.
Advanced guard, a detachment of troops which precedes the
march of the main body.
AdOvance6ment (?), n. [OE. avancement, F. avancement. See
Advance, v. t.] 1. The act of advancing, or the state of
being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance;
promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement
of learning.
In heaven... every one (so well they love each other)
rejoiceth and hath his part in each other's advancement.
Sir T. More.
True religion... proposes for its end the joint advancement
of the virtue and happiness of the people.
2. An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See
Advance, 5.
3. (Law) Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in
advance of a future distribution.
4. Settlement on a wife, or jointure. [Obs.]
AdOvan6cer (?), n. 1. One who advances; a promoter.
2. A second branch of a buck's antler.
AdOvan6cive (?), a. Tending to advance. [R.]
AdOvan6tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F.
avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.]
1. Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means,
particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end;
benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated
Give me advantage of some brief discourse.
The advantages of a close alliance.
2. Superiority; mastery; P with of or over.
Lest Satan should get an advantage of us.
2 Cor. ii. 11.
3. Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit;
gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.
4. Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth
in the baker's dozen). [Obs.]
And with advantage means to pay thy love.
Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. P To have
the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of
one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. =You have the
advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the
honor.8 Sheridan. P To take advantage of, to profit by;
(often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit.
Syn. P Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We
speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is
simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early
discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of
a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords
us the means of getting forward, and places us on a =vantage
ground8 for further effort. Hence, there is a difference
between the benefits and the advantages of early education;
between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of
AdOvan6tage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advantaging (?).] [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See
Advance.] To give an advantage to; to further; to promote;
to benefit; to profit.
The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness
to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries
against him.
What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and
lose himself, or be cast away?
Luke ix. 25.
To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]
AdOvan6tageOaOble (?), a. Advantageous. [Obs.]
Ad7vanOta6geous (?), a. [F. avantageux, fr. avantage.] Being
of advantage; conferring advantage; gainful; profitable;
useful; beneficial; as, an advantageous position; trade is
advantageous to a nation.
Advabtageous comparison with any other country.
You see... of what use a good reputation is, and how swift
and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one goes.
Ad7vanOta6geousOly, adv. Profitably; with advantage.
Ad7vanOta6geousOness, n. Profitableness.
AdOvene6 (?), v. i. [L. advenire; ad + venire to come: cf.
F. avenir, advenir. See Come.] To accede, or come (to); to
be added to something or become a part of it, though not
essential. [R.]
Where no act of the will advenes as a coefficient.
AdOven6ient (?), a. [L. adviens, p. pr. Coming from outward
causes; superadded. [Obs.]
Ad7vent (?), n. [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F.
avent. See Advene.] 1. (Eccl.) The period including the four
Sundays before Christmas.
Advent Sunday (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of
Advent, being always the nearest Sunday to the feast of St.
Andrew (Now. 30).
2. The first or the expected second coming of Christ.
3. Coming; any important arrival; approach.
Death's dreadful advent.
Expecting still his advent home.
Ad6ventOist (?), n. One of a religious body, embracing
several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming
of Christ; P called also Second Adventists.
SchaffPHerzog Encyc.
Ad7venOti6tious (?), a. [L. adventitius.] 1. Added
extrinsically; not essentially inherent; accidental or
causal; additional; supervenient; foreign.
To things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious
idea of terror, they become without comparison greater.
2. (Nat. Hist.) Out of the proper or usual place; as,
adventitious buds or roots.
3. (Bot.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country
or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; P applied to
foreign plants.
4. (Med.) Acquired, as diseases; accidental.
P Ad7venOti6tiousOly, adv. P Ad7venOti6tiousOness, n.
AdOven6tive (?), a. 1. Accidental.
2. (Bot.) Adventitious.
AdOven6tive, n. A thing or person coming from without; an
immigrant. [R.]
AdOven6tuOal (?; 135), a. Relating to the season of advent.
AdOven6ture (?; 135), n. [OE. aventure, aunter, anter, F.
aventure, fr. LL. adventura, fr. L. advenire, adventum, to
arrive, which in the Romance languages took the sense of =to
happen, befall.8 See Advene.]
1. That which happens without design; chance; hazard; hap;
hence, chance of danger or loss.
Nay, a far less good to man it will be found, if she must,
at all adventures, be fastened upon him individually.
2. Risk; danger; peril. [Obs.]
He was in great adventure of his life.
3. The encountering of risks; hazardous and striking
enterprise; a bold undertaking, in which hazards are to be
encountered, and the issue is staked upon unforeseen events;
a daring feat.
He loved excitement and adventure.
4. A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring
incident; as, the adventures of one's life.
5. A mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard; a
venture; a shipment by a merchant on his own account.
A bill of adventure (Com.), a writing setting forth that the
goods shipped are at the owner's risk.
Syn. P Undertaking; enterprise; venture; event.
AdOven6ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adventured (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adventuring (?).] [OE. aventuren, auntren, F.
aventurer, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. To risk, or
hazard; jeopard; to venture.
He would not adventure himself into the theater.
Acts xix. 31.
2. To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.
Yet they adventured to go back.
Discriminations might be adventured.
J. Taylor.
AdOven6ture, v. i. To try the chance; to take the risk.
I would adventure for such merchandise.
AdOven6tureOful (?), a. Given to adventure.
AdOven6turOer (?), n. [Cf. F. aventurier.]
1. One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who
seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous
2. A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.
AdOven6tureOsome (?), a. Full of risk; adventurous;
venturesome. P AdOven6tureOsomeOness, n. 
AdOven6turOess (?), n. A female adventurer; a woman who
tries to gain position by equivocal means.
AdOven6turOous (?), a. [OE. aventurous, aunterous, OF.
aventuros, F. aventureux, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.]
1. Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to
embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; P applied to
Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve.
2. Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger;
requiring courage; rash; P applied to acts; as, an
adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
Syn. P Rash; foolhardy; presumptuous; enterprising; daring;
hazardous; venturesome. See Rash.
AdOven6turOousOly, adv. In an adventurous manner;
venturesomely; boldly; daringly.
AdOven6turOousOness, n. The quality or state of being
adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.
Ad6verb (?), n. [L. adverbium; ad + verbum word, verb: cf.
F. adverbe.] (Gram.) A word used to modify the sense of a
verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually
placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.
AdOver6biOal (?), a. [L. adverbialis: cf. F. adverbial.] Of
or pertaining to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as,
an adverbial phrase or form.
AdOver7biOal6iOty (?), n. The quality of being adverbial.
AdOver6biOalOize (?), v. t. To give the force or form of an
adverb to.
AdOver6biOalOly, adv. In the manner of an adverb.
X Ad7verOsa6riOa (?), n. pl. [L. adversaria (sc. scripta),
neut. pl. of adversarius.] A miscellaneous collection of
notes, remarks, or selections; a commonplace book; also,
commentaries or notes.
These parchments are supposed to have been St. Paul's
Bp. Bull.
Ad7verOsa6riOous (?), a. Hostile. [R.]
Ad7verOsaOry (?), n.; pl. Adversaries (?). [OE. adversarie,
direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF. adversier,
aversier, fr. L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an
adversary. See Adverse.] One who is turned against another
or others with a design to oppose

or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an
opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.
His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries.
Agree with thine adversary quickly.
Matt. v. 25.
It may be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth
is to dispute without an adversary.
The Adversary, The Satan, or the Devil.
Syn. - Adversary, Enemy, Opponent, Antagonist. Enemy is the
only one of these words which necessarily implies a state of
personal hostility. Men may be adversaries, antagonists, or
opponents to each other in certain respects, and yet have no
feelings of general animosity. An adversary may be simply
one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as in a
lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An
opponent is one who is ranged against another (perhaps
passively) on the opposing side; as a political opponent, an
opponent in debate. An antagonist is one who struggles
against another with active effort, either in a literal
fight or in verbal debate.
Ad6verOsaOry (?), a. 1. Opposed; opposite; adverse;
antagonistic. [Archaic]
Bp. King.
2. (Law) Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an
adversary suit.
AdOver6saOtive (?), a. [L. adversativus, fr. adversari.]
Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as, an
adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc.); an
adversative force. - AdOver6saOtiveOly, adv.
AdOver6saOtive, n. An adversative word. 
Ad6verse (?), a. [OE. advers, OF. avers, advers, fr. L.
adversus, p. p. advertere to turn to. See Advert.]
1. Acting against, or in a contrary direction; opposed;
contrary; opposite; conflicting; as, adverse winds; an
adverse party; a spirit adverse to distinctions of caste.
2. Opposite. =Calpe's adverse height.8
3. In hostile opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious;
contrary to one's wishes; unfortunate; calamitous;
afflictive; hurtful; as, adverse fates, adverse
circumstances, things adverse.
Happy were it for us all if we bore prosperity as well and
wisely as we endure an adverse fortune.
w possession (Law), a possession of real property avowedly
contrary to some claim of title in another person.
Syn. - Averse; reluctant; unwilling. See Averse.
AdOverse6 (?), v. t. [L. adversari: cf. OF. averser.] To
oppose; to resist. [Obs.]
Ad6verseOly (277), adv. In an adverse manner; inimically;
unfortunately; contrariwise.
Ad6verseOness, n. The quality or state of being adverse;
AdOver7siOfo6liOate (?), AdOver7siOfo6liOous (?) } a. [L.
adver + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having opposite leaves, as
plants which have the leaves so arranged on the stem.
AdOver6sion (?), n.[L. adversio] A turning towards;
attention. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AdOver6siOty (?), n.; pl. Adversities (?).[OE. adversite, F.
adversit., fr. L. adversitas.] 1. Opposition; contrariety.
2. A condition attended with severe trials; a state of
adverse fortune; misfortune; calamity; affliction, trial; -
opposed to wellPbeing or prosperity.
Adversity is not without comforts and hopes.
Syn. - Affliction; distress; misery; disaster; trouble;
suffering; trial.
AdOvert6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adverted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adverting.] [L. advertere, v. t., to turn to; ad + vertere
to turn: cf. F. avertir. See Advertise.] To turn the mind or
attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; - with to; as,
he adverted to what was said.
I may again advert to the distinction.
Syn.- To refer; allude; regard. See Refer.
AdOvert6ence (?), AdOvert6enOcy (?), } [OF. advertence,
avertence, LL. advertentia, fr. L. advertens. See
Advertent.] The act of adverting, of the quality of being
advertent; attention; notice; regard; heedfulness.
To this difference it is right that advertence should be had
in regulating taxation.
J. S. Mill.
AdOvert6ent (?), a. [L. advertens, Oentis, p. pr. of
advertere. See Advert.] Attentive; heedful; regardful. Sir
M. Hale. P AdOvert6entOly, adv.
Ad7verOtise6 (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advertised (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Advertising (?).] [F. avertir, formerly also
spelt advertir, to warn, give notice to, L. advertere to
turn to. The ending was probably influenced by the noun
advertisement. See Advert.] To give notice to; to inform or
apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; - often
followed by of before the subject of information; as, to
advertise a man of his loss. [Archaic]
I will advertise thee what this people shall do.
Num. xxiv. 14.
4. To give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a
printed notice; as, to advertise goods for sale, a lost
article, the sailing day of a vessel, a political meeting.
Syn. - To apprise; inform; make known; notify; announce;
proclaim; promulgate; publish.
AdOver6tiseOment (?; 277), n. [F.avertisement, formerly also
spelled advertissement, a warning, giving notice, fr.
avertir.] 1. The act of informing or notifying;
notification. [Archaic]
An advertisement of danger.
Bp. Burnet.
2. Admonition; advice; warning. [Obs.]
Therefore give me no counsel:
My griefs cry louder than advertisement.
3. A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public
print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing
many advertisement.
Ad7verOtis6er (?), n. One who, or that which, advertises.
AdOvice6 (?), n. [OE. avis, F. avis; ? + OF. vis, fr. L.
visum seemed, seen; really p. p. of videre to see, so that
vis meant that which has seemed best. See Vision, and cf.
Avise, Advise.] 1. An opinion recommended or offered, as
worthy to be followed; counsel.
We may give advice, but we can not give conduct.
2. Deliberate consideration; knowledge. [Obs.]
How shall I dote on her with more advice,
That thus without advice begin to love her?
3. Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late
advices from France; - commonly in the plural.
5 In commercial language, advice usually means information
communicated by letter; - used chiefly in reference to
drafts or bills of exchange; as, a letter of advice.
4. (Crim. Law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.
w boat, a vessel employed to carry dispatches or to
reconnoiter; a dispatch boat. P To take ~. (a) To accept
advice. (b) To consult with another or others.
Syn. - Counsel; suggestion; recommendation; admonition;
exhortation; information; notice.
AdOvis7aObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being advisable;
AdOvis6aOble (?), a. 1. Proper to be advised or to be done;
expedient; prudent.
Some judge it advisable for a man to account with his heart
every day.
2. Ready to receive advice. [R.]
Syn. - Expedient; proper; desirable; befitting.
AdOvis6aObleOness, n. The quality of being advisable or
expedient; expediency; advisability.
AdOvis6aObly, adv. With advice; wisely.
AdOvise6 (?), v. t.[imp. & p. p. Advised (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Advising (?).] [OE. avisen to perceive, consider, inform,
F. aviser, fr. LL. advisare. advisare; ad + visare, fr. L.
videre, visum, to see. See Advice, and cf. Avise.] 1. To
give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient
to be followed; to counsel; to warn. =I shall no more advise
2. To give information or notice to; to inform; - with of
before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the
To ~ one's self, to bethink one's self; to take counsel with
one's self; to reflect; to consider. [Obs.]
Bid thy master well advise himself.
Syn. - To counsel; admonish; apprise; acquaint.
AdOvise6, v. t. 1. To consider; to deliberate. [Obs.]
Advise if this be worth attempting.
2. To take counsel; to consult; - followed by with; as, to
advise with friends.
AdOvis6edOly (?), adv. 1. Circumspectly; deliberately;
leisurely. [Obs.]
2. With deliberate purpose; purposely; by design. =
=Advisedly undertaken.8
AdOvise6ment (?), n. [OE. avisement, F. avisement, fr.
aviser. See Advise, and cf. Avisement.]
1. Counsel; advise; information. [Archaic]
And mused awhile, waking advisement takes of what had passed
in sleep.
2. Consideration; deliberation; consultation.
Tempering the passion with advisement slow.
AdOvis6er (?), n. One who advises.
AdOvis6erOship, n. The office of an adviser. [R.]
AdOvi6so (?), n. [Cf. Sp. aviso. See Advice.] Advice;
counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOvi6soOry (?), a. Having power to advise; containing
advice; as, an advisory council; their opinion is merely
The General Association has a general advisory
superintendence over all the ministers and churches.
Ad6voOcaOcy (?), n. [OF. advocatie, LL. advocatia. See
Advocate.] The act of pleading for or supporting; work of
advocating; intercession.
Ad6voOcate (?), n. [OE. avocat, avocet, OF. avocat, fr. L.
advocatus, one summoned or called to another; properly the
p. p. of advocare to call to, call to one's aid; ad +
vocare to call. See Advowee, Avowee, Vocal.] 1. One who
pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads
the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a
5 In the English and American Law, advocate is the same as
=counsel,8 =counselor,8 or =barrister.8 In the civil and
ecclesiastical courts, the term signifies the same as
=counsel8 at the common law.
2. One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by
argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an
advocate of truth.
3. Christ, considered as an intercessor.
We have an Advocate with the Father.
1 John ii. 1.
Faculty of advocates (Scot.), the Scottish bar in Edinburgh.
P Lord ~ (Scot.), the public prosecutor of crimes, and
principal crown lawyer. P Judge ~. See under Judge.
Ad6voOcate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advocated (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advocating (?).] [See Advocate, n., Advoke, Avow.] To
plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal
or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.
To advocate the cause of thy client.
Bp. Sanderson (1624).
This is the only thing distinct and sensible, that has been 
Eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause.
Ad6voOcate, v. i. To act as ~. [Obs.]
Ad6voOcateOship, n. Office or duty of an advocate.
Ad7voOca6tion (?), n. [L. advocatio: cf. OF. avocation. See
Advowson.] 1. The act of advocating or pleading; plea;
advocacy. [Archaic]
The holy Jesus... sits in heaven in a perpetual advocation
for us.
Jer. Taylor.
2. Advowson. [Obs.]
The donations or advocations of church livings.
3. (Scots Law) The process of removing a cause from an
inferior court to the supreme court.
Ad6voOcaOtoOry (?), a. Of or pertaining to an advocate. [R.]
AdOvoke6 (?), v. t. [L. advocare. See Advocate.] To summon;
to call. [Obs.]
Queen Katharine had privately prevailed with the pope to
advoke the cause to Rome.
Ad7voOlu6tion (?), n. [L. advolvere, advolutum, to roll to.]
A rolling toward something. [R.]
AdOvou6trer (?), n. [OF. avoutre, avoltre, fr. L. adulter.
Cf. Adulterer.] An adulterer. [Obs.] 
AdOvou6tress (?), n. An adulteress. [Obs.]
AdOvou6try, AdOvow6try } (?), n. [OE. avoutrie, avouterie,
advoutrie, OF. avoutrie, avulterie, fr. L. adulterium. Cf.
Adultery.] Adultery. [Obs.]
AdOvowOee6 (?), n. [OE. avowe, F. avou., fr. L. advocatus.
See Advocate, Avowee, Avoyer.] One who has an advowson.
AdOvow6son (?; 277), n. [OE. avoweisoun, OF. avo son, fr. L.
advocatio. Cf. Advocation.] (Eng. Law) The right of
presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church.
[Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or
protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or
present to it.]
5 The benefices of the Church of England are in every case
subjects of presentation. They are nearly 12,000 in number;
the advowson of more than half of them belongs to private
persons, and of the remainder to the crown, bishops, deans
and chapters, universities, and colleges.
Amer. Cyc.
AdOvoy6er (?), n. See Avoyer. [Obs.]
AdOward6 (?), n. Award. [Obs.]
X Ad7yOna6miOa (?), n. [NL. adynamia, fr. Gr. ? want of
strength; ? priv + ? power, strength.] (Med.) Considerable
debility of the vital powers, as in typhoid fever.
Ad7yOnam6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. adynamique. See Adynamy.] 1.
(Med.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, debility of the
vital powers; weak.
2. (Physics) Characterized by the absence of power or force.
w fevers, malignant or putrid fevers attended with great
muscular debility.
AOdyn6aOmy (?), n. Adynamia. [R.]
X Ad6yOtum (?), n.; pl. Adyta (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, n., fr.
?, a., not to be entered; ? priv. + ? to enter.] The
innermost sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence
oracles were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.
Adz, Adze } (?), n. [OE. adese, adis, adse, AS. adesa,
adese, ax, hatchet.] A carpenter's or cooper's tool, formed
with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle.
It is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.
Adz, v. t. To cut with an ~. [R.]
. or Ae. A diphthong in the Latin language; used also by the
Saxon writers. It answers to the Gr. ?. The AngloPSaxon
short . was generally replaced by a, the long ? by e or ee.
In derivatives from Latin words with ae, it is mostly
superseded by e. For most words found with this initial
combination, the reader will therefore search under the
letter E.
X .Ocid6iOum (?), n.; pl. .cidia (?). [NL., dim. of Gr. ?
injury.] (Bot.) A form of fruit in the cycle of development
of the Rusts or Brands, an order of fungi, formerly
considered independent plants.
.6dile (?), n. [L. aedilis, fr. aedes temple, public
building. Cf. Edify.] A magistrate in ancient Rome, who had
the superintendence of public buildings, highways, shows,
etc.; hence, a municipal officer.
.6dileOship, n. The office of an .dile.
T. Arnold.
.Oge6an (?), a. [L. Aegeus; Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to the
sea, or arm of the Mediterranean sea, east of Greece. See
X .7giOcra6niOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, goat + ?, n.
pl., heads.] (Arch.) Sculptured ornaments, used in classical
architecture, representing rams' heads or skulls.
.g6iOlops (?), n. [L. aegilopis, Gr. ?, fr. ?, gen. ?, goat
+ ? eye.] 1. (Med.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner
of the eye.
2. (Bot.) (a) The great wildPoat grass or other cornfield
weed. Crabb. (b) A genus of plants, called also hardgrass.
X .6gis (?), n. [L. aegis, fr. Gr. ? a goat skin, a shield,
? goat, or fr. ? to rush.] A shield or protective armor; P
applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave
to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.
.Ogoph6oOny (?), n. Same as Egophony.
X .Ogro6tat (?), n. [L., he is sick.] (Camb. Univ.) A
medical certificate that a student is ill.
.One6id (?), n. [L. Aeneis, Aeneidis, or Odos: cf. F.
?] The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is
AO 6neOous (?), a. [L. a neus.] (Zo.l.) Colored like bronze.
.Oo6liOan (?), a. [L. Aeolius, Gr. ?.] 1. Of or pertaining
to .olia or .olis, in Asia Minor, colonized by the Greeks,
or to its inhabitants; .olic; as, the .olian dialect.
2. Pertaining to .olus, the mythic god of the winds;
pertaining to, or produced by, the wind; a rial.
Viewless forms the .olian organ play.
.olian attachment, a contrivance often attached to a
pianoforte, which prolongs the vibrations, increases the

volume of sound, etc., by forcing a stream of air upon the
strings. Moore. P .olian harp, .olian lyre, a musical
instrument consisting of a box, on or in which are stretched
strings, on which the wind acts to produce the notes; P
usually placed at an open window. Moore. P .olian mode
(Mus.), one of the ancient Greek and early ecclesiastical
.Ool6ic (?), a. [L. Aeolicus; Gr. ?.] .olian, 1; as, the
.olic dialect; the .olic mode.
.Ool6iOpile, .Ool6iOpyle } (?), n. [L. aeolipilae; Aeolus
god of the winds + pila a ball, or Gr. ? gate (i. e.,
doorway of .olus); cf. F. .olipyle.] An apparatus consisting
chiefly of a closed vessel (as a globe or cylinder) with one
or more projecting bent tubes, through which steam is made
to pass from the vessel, causing it to revolve. [Written
also eolipile.]
5 Such an apparatus was first described by Hero of
Alexandria about 200 years b. c. It has often been called
the first steam engine.
.7oOloOtrop6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? changeful + ? a turning, ? to
turn.] (Physics) Exhibiting differences of quality or
property in different directions; not isotropic.
Sir W. Thomson.
.7oOlot6roOpy (?), n. (Physics) Difference of quality or
property in different directions.
X .6oOlus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Gr. & Rom. Myth.) The
god of the winds.
.6on (?), n. A period of immeasurable duration; also, an
emanation of the Deity. See Eon.
.Oo6niOan (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Eternal; everlasting. =.onian
X .7pyOor6nis (?), n. [Gr. ? high + ? bird.] A gigantic bird
found fossil in Madagascar.
A6 rOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. A?rated (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. A?rating (?).] [Cf. F. a.rer. See Air,v. t.] 1. To
combine or charge with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas,
formerly called fixed air. 
His sparkling sallies bubbled up as from a rated natural
2. To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to a rate
soil; to a rate water.
3. (Physiol.) To expose to the chemical action of air; to
oxygenate (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize.
A rated bread, bread raised by charging dough with carbonic
acid gas, instead of generating the gas in the dough by
A7 rOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. a.ration.] 1. Exposure to the
free action of the air; airing; as, a ration of soil, of
spawn, etc.
2. (Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to
the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in
respiration; arterialization.
3. The act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas
or with oxygen.
A6 rOa7tor (?), n. That which supplies with air; esp. an
apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in
making soda water.
AO 6riOal (?), a. [L. a rius. See Air.] 1. Of or pertaining
to the air, or atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the
air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air;
as, a rial regions or currents. =A rial spirits.8 Milton.
=A rial voyages.8 Darwin.
2. Consisting of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature
of air. Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal.
3. Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, a rial spires.
4. Growing, forming, or existing in the air, as opposed to
growing or existing in earth or water, or underground; as,
a rial rootlets, a rial plants.
5. Light as air; ethereal.
w acid, carbonic acid. [Obs.] Ure. P w perspective. See
AO 7riOal6iOty (?), n. The state of being a rial;
?nsubstantiality. [R.]
De Quincey.
AO 6riOalOly (?), adv. Like, or from, the air; in an a rial
manner. =A murmur heard a rially.8
Ae6rie (?; 277), n. [OE. aire, eire, air, nest, also origin,
descent, OF. aire, LL. area, aera, nest of a bird of prey,
perh. fr. L. area an open space (for birds of prey like to
build their nests on flat and open spaces on the top of high
rocks). Cf. Area.] The nest of a bird of prey, as of an
eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also
fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an
eagle's nest.
A7 rOif6erOous (?), a. [L. a r air + Oferous: cf. F.
re.] Conveying or containing air; airPbearing; as, the
windpipe is an a riferous tube.
A7 rOiOfiOca6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. a.rification. See A?rify.]
1. The act of combining air with another substance, or the
state of being filled with air.
2. The act of becoming a rified, or of changing from a solid
or liquid form into an a riform state; the state of being
a riform.
A6 rOiOform (?; 277), a. [L. a r air + Oform: cf. F.
a.riforme.] Having the form or nature of air, or of an
elastic fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.
A6 rOiOfy (?), v. t. [L. a r air + Ofly.] 1. To infuse air
into; to combine air with.
2. To change into an a riform state.
A6 rOoO. [Gr. ?, ?, air.] The combining form of the Greek
word meaning air.
A6 rOoObies (?), n. pl. [A roO + Gr. ? life.] (Biol.)
Micro?rganisms which live in contact with the air and need
oxygen for their growth; as the microbacteria which form on
the surface of putrefactive fluids.
A7 rOoObiOot6ic (?; 101), a. (Biol.) Related to, or of the
nature of, a robies; as, a robiotic plants, which live only
when supplied with free oxygen. 
A6 rOcyst (?), n. [A roO + cyst.] (Bot.) One of the air
cells of algals.
A6 rOoOdyOnam6ic (?), a. Pertaining to the force of air in
A7 rOoOdyOnam6ics (?), n. [A roO + dynamics: cf. F.
a.rodynamique.] The science which treats of the air and
other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their
mechanical effects. 
A7 rOog6noOsy (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? knowing, knowledge: cf.
F. a.rognosie.] The science which treats of the properties
of the air, and of the part it plays in nature.
A7 rOog6raOpher (?), n. One versed in a ography: an
a rologist.
A7 rOoOgraph6ic (?), A7 rOoOgraph6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining
to a rography; a rological.
A7 rOog6raOphy (?), n. [A roO + Ography: cf. F.
a.rographie.] A description of the air or atmosphere;
a rology.
A7 rOoOhy7droOdyOnam6ic (?), a. [A roO + hydrodynamic.]
Acting by the force of air and water; as, an
a rohydrodynamic wheel.
A6 rOoOlite (?), n. [A roO + Olite: cf. F. a.rolithe.]
(Meteor.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the
earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.
5 Some writers limit the word to stony meteorites.
A6 rOoOlith (?), n. Same as A?rolite.
A7 rOoOliOthol6oOgy (?), n. [A roO + lithology.] The science
of a rolites.
A7 rOoOlit6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a rolites;
meteoric; as, a rolitic iron.
A7 rOoOlog6ic (?), A7 rOoOlog6icOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to a rology.
A7 rOol6oOgist (?), n. One versed in a rology.
A7 rOol6oOgy (?), n. [A roO + Ology: cf. F. a.rologie.] That
department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.
A6 rOoOman7cy (?), n. [A roO + Omancy: cf. F. a.romancie.]
Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric
substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.
A7 rOom6eOter (?), n. [A roO + Ometer: cf. F. a.rom
tre.] An
instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and
A7 rOoOmet6ric (?), a. Of or pertaining to a rometry; as,
a rometric investigations.
A7 rOom6eOtry (?), n. [A roO + Ometry: cf. F. a.rom.trie.]
The science of measuring the air, including the doctrine of
its pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation;
A6 rOoOnaut (?; 277), n. [F. a.ronaute, fr. Gr. ? air + ?
sailor. See Nautical.] An a rial navigator; a balloonist.
A7 rOoOnaut6ic (?), A7 rOoOnaut6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
a.ronauitique.] Pertaining to a ronautics, or a rial
A7 rOoOnaut6ics (?), n. The science or art of ascending and
sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; a rial
navigation; ballooning.
X A7 rOoOpho6biOa (?), A7 rOoph6oOby (?), } n. [A roO + Gr.
? fear: cf. F. a.rophobie.] (Med.) Dread of a current of
A6 rOoOphyte (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? plant, ? to grow: cf. F.
a.rophyte.] (Bot.) A plant growing entirely in the air, and
receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.
A6 rOoOplane7 (?), n. [A roO + plane.] A flying machine, or
a small plane for experiments on flying, which floats in the
air only when propelled through it.
A6 rOoOscope (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? to look out.] (Biol.) An
apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria,
etc., suspended in the air.
A7 rOos6coOpy (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? a looking out; ? to spy
out.] The observation of the state and variations of the
.Orose6 (?), a. [L. aerosus, fr. aes, aeris, brass, copper.]
Of the nature of, or like, copper; brassy. [R.]
A7 rOoOsid6erOite (?), n. [A roO + siderite.] (Meteor.) A
mass of meteoric iron.
A6 rOoOsphere (?), n. [A roO + sphere: cf. F. a.rosph
The atmosphere. [R.]
A6 rOoOstat (?), n. [F. a.rostat, fr. Gr. ? air + ? placed.
See Statics.] 1. A balloon.
2. A balloonist; an a ronaut.
A7 rOoOstat6ic (?), A7 rOoOstat6icOal (?), } a. [A roO + Gr.
?: cf. F. a.rostatique. See Statical, Statics.] 1. Of or
pertaining to a rostatics; pneumatic.
2. A ronautic; as, an a rostatic voyage.
A7 rOoOstat6ics (?), n. The science that treats of the
equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained
in them. Hence it includes a ronautics.
A7 rOosOta6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. a.rostation the art of using
a rostats.] 1. A rial navigation; the art of raising and
guiding balloons in the air.
2. The science of weighing air; a rostatics. [Obs.]
.Oru6giOnous (?), a. [L. aeruginosus, fr. aerugo rust of
copper, fr. aes copper: cf. F. .rugineux.] Of the nature or
color of verdigris, or the rust of copper.
X .Oru6go (?), n. [L. aes brass, copper.] The rust of any
metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.
Ae6ry (?), n. An aerie.
A6 rOy (?), a. [See Air.] A rial; ethereal; incorporeal;
visionary. [Poetic]
M. Arnold.
.s7cuOla6piOan (?), a. Pertaining to .sculapius or to the
healing art; medical; medicinal.
.s7cuOla6piOus (?), n. [L. Aesculapius, Gr. ?.] (Myth.) The
god of medicine. Hence, a physician.
.s6cuOlin (?), n. Same as Esculin.
.Oso6piOan, EOso6piOan (?), a. [L. Aesopius, from Gr. ?, fr.
the famous Greek fabulist .sop (?).] Of or pertaining to
.sop, or in his manner.
.Osop6ic, EOsop6ic (?), a. [L. Aesopicus, Gr. ?.] Same as
X .sOthe6siOa (?), n. [Gr. ? sensation, fr. ? to perceive.]
(Physiol.) Perception by the senses; feeling; P the opposite
of an.sthesia.
.aOthe7siOom6eOter, EsOthe7siOom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? (see
.sthesia) + Ometer.] An instrument to measure the degree of
sensation, by determining at how short a distance two
impressions upon the skin can be distinguished, and thus to
determine whether the condition of tactile sensibility is
normal or altered.
X .sOthe66sis (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Sensuous perception. [R.]
.s7theOsod6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? sensation + ? a way; cf. F.
esth.sodique.] (Physiol.) Conveying sensory or afferent
impulses; P said of nerves.
.s6thete (?), n. [Gr. ? one who perceives.] One who makes
much or overmuch of .sthetics. [Recent]
.sOthet6ic (?), .sOthet6icOal (?), } a. Of or Pertaining to
.sthetics; versed in .sthetics; as, .sthetic studies,
emotions, ideas, persons, etc. P .sOthet6icOalOly, adv.
.s7theOti6can (?), n. One versed in .sthetics.
.sOthet6iOcism (?), n. The doctrine of .sthetics; .sthetic
principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art.
.sOthet6ics, EsOthet6ics (?; 277), n. [Gr. ? perceptive,
esp. by feeling, fr. ? to perceive, feel: cf. G. .sthetik,
F. esth.tique.] The theory or philosophy of taste; the
science of the beautiful in nature and art; esp. that which
treats of the expression and embodiment of beauty by art.
.s7thoPphys7iOol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? to perceive + E.
physiology.] The science of sensation in relation to nervous
H. Spenser.
.s6tiOval (?), a. [L. aestivalis, aestivus, fr. aestas
summer.] Of or belonging to the summer; as, .stival
diseases. [Spelt also estival.]
.s6tiOvate (?), v. i. [L. aestivare, aestivatum.] 1. To
spend the summer.
2. (Zo.l.) To pass the summer in a state of torpor.
[Spelt also estivate.]
.s7tiOva6tion (?), n. 1. (Zo.l.) The state of torpidity
induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain
snails; P opposed to hibernation.
2. (Bot.) The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as
to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration.
[Spelt also estivation.]
.s6tuOaOry (?; 135), n. & a. See Estuary.
.s6tuOous (?), a. [L. aestuosus, fr. aestus fire, glow.]
Glowing; agitated, as with heat.
AO 7theOog6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? unusual (? priv. + ?
custom) + ? marriage.] (Bot.) Propagated in an unusual way;
.6ther (?), n. See Ether.
.6thiOops min6erOal (?). (Chem.) Same as Ethiops mineral.
.th6oOgen (?), n. [Gr. ? fire, light + Ogen.] (Chem.) A
compound of nitrogen and boro?, which, when heated before
the blowpipe, gives a brilliant phosphorescent; boric
.6thriOoOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? clear + ? to observe.] An
instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer.
It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by
different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.
.7tiOoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to .tiology; assigning a
cause. P .7tiOoOlog6icOalOly, adv.
.7tiOol6oOgy (?), n. [L. aetologia, Gr. ?; ? cause + ?
description: cf. F. .tiologie.] 1. The science, doctrine, or
demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the
causes of any disease; the science of the origin and
development of things.
2. The assignment of a cause.
X A7 Oti6tes (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?) stone, fr. ?
eagle.] See Eaglestone.
AOfar6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO.(for on or of) + far.] At, to, or
from a great distance; far away; P often used with from
preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I
saw him afar off.
The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar.
AOfeard6 (?), p. a. [OE. afered, AS. >f?red, p. p. of >f?ran
to frighten; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out)
+ f?ran to frighten. See Fear.] Afraid. [Obs. Sometimes
heard from the uneducated.]
Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises.
X A6fer (?), n. [L.] The southwest wind.
Af7faObil6iOty (?), n. [L. affabilitas: cf. F. affabilit..]
The quality of being affable; readiness to converse;
courteousness in receiving others and in conversation;
complaisant behavior.
Affability is of a wonderful efficacy or power in procuring
Af6faOble (?), a. [F. affable, L. affabilis, fr. affari to
speak to; ad + fari to speak. See Fable.] 1. Easy to be
spoken to or addressed; receiving others kindly and
conversing with them in a free and friendly manner;
courteous; sociable.
An affable and courteous gentleman.
His manners polite and affable.
2. Gracious; mild; benign.
A serene and affable countenance.
Syn. P Courteous; civil; complaisant; accessible; mild;
benign; condescending.
Af6faObleOness, n. Affability.
Af6faObly, adv. In an affable manner; courteously.

Af6faObrous (?), a. [L. affaber workmanlike; ad + faber.]
Executed in a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made. [R.]
AfOfair6 (?), n. [OE. afere, affere, OF. afaire, F. affaire,
fr. a faire to do; L.. ad + facere to do. See Fact, and cf.
Ado.] 1. That which is done or is to be done; matter;
concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any
kind, commercial, professional, or public; P often in the
plural. =At the head of affairs.8 Junius. =A talent for
affairs.8 Prescott. 
2. Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to
or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a
duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue.
3. (Mil.) An action or engagement not of sufficient
magnitude to be called a battle.
4. Action; endeavor. [Obs.]
And with his best affair
Obeyed the pleasure of the Sun.
5. A material object (vaguely designated).
A certain affair of fine red cloth much worn and faded.
AfOfam6ish (?), v. t. & i. [F. affamer, fr. L. ad + fames
hunger. See Famish.] To afflict with, or perish from,
hunger. [Obs.]
AfOfam6ishOment (?), n. Starvation.
Bp. Hall.
AfOfat6uOate (?), v. t. [L. ad + fatuus foolish.] To
infatuate. [Obs.]
AfOfear6 (?), v. t. [OE. aferen, AS. >f?ran. See Afeard.] To
frighten. [Obs.]
AfOfect6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affected; p. pr. & vb. n.
Affecting.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by
active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L.
affectare, freq. of afficere. See Fact.] 1. To act upon; to
produce an effect or change upon.
As might affect the earth with cold heat.
The climate affected their health and spirits.
2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to
A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me
very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and
pure principles.
3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.]
As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected,
rather honored than loved, her.
4. To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to
choose; hence, to frequent habitually.
For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for ?t,
Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor
court that of the great.
5. To dispose or incline.
Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their
country's liberty.
6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.]
This proud man affects imperial ?way.
7. To tend to by affinity or disposition.
The drops of every fluid affect a round figure.
8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to
assume; as, to affect ignorance.
Careless she is with artful care,
Affecting to seem unaffected.
Thou dost affect my manners.
9. To assign; to appoint. [R.]
One of the domestics was affected to his special service.
Syn. P To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt;
soften; subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.
AfOfect6, n. [L. affectus.] Affection; inclination; passion;
feeling; disposition. [Obs.]
Af7fecOta6tion (?), n. [L. affectatio: cf. F. affectation.]
1. An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or
real; false display; artificial show. =An affectation of
Affectation is an awkward and forced imitation of what
should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty that
accompanies what is natural what is natural.
2. A striving after. [Obs.]
Bp. Pearson.
3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.]
Af7fecOta6tionOist, n. One who exhibits affectation. [R.]
Fitzed. Hall.
AfOfect6ed (?), p. p. & a. 1. Regarded with affection;
beloved. [Obs.]
His affected Hercules.
2. Inclined; disposed; attached.
How stand you affected his wish?
3. Given to false show; assuming or pretending to posses
what is not natural or real.
He is... too spruce, too affected, too odd.
4. Assumed artificially; not natural.
Affected coldness and indifference.
5. (Alg.) Made up of terms involving different powers of the
unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.
AfOfect6edOly, adv. 1. In an affected manner;
hypocritically; with more show than reality.
2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.]
AfOfect6edOness, n. Affectation.
AfOfect6er (?), n. One who affects, assumes, pretends, or
strives after. =Affecters of wit.8
Abp. Secker.
AfOfect7iObil6iOty (?), n. The quality or state of being
affectible. [R.]
AfOfect6iObl? (?), a. That may be affected. [R.]
Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely,
become affectible.
AfOfect6ing, a. 1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the
emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an
affecting sight.
The most affecting music is generally the most simple.
2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.]
A drawling; affecting rouge.
AfOfect6ingOly (?), adv. In an affecting manner; is a manner
to excite emotions.
AfOfec6tion (?), n. [F. affection, L. affectio, fr.
afficere. See Affect.] 1. The act of affecting or acting
upon; the state of being affected.
2. An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a
bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc., are affections of
bodies. =The affections of quantity.8
And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less,
An old and strange affection of the house.
3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural
impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as,
the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the
malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination;
disposition; propensity; tendency.
Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a
pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or
4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or
tender attachment; P often in the pl. Formerly followed by
to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial,
social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or
towards children.
All his affections are set on his own country.
5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.]
Bp. Aylmer.
6. (Med.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary
7. The lively representation of any emotion.
8. Affectation. [Obs.] =Spruce affection.8
9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.]
Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend.
Syn. P Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness;
love; good will. See Attachment; Disease.
AdOfec6tionOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the affections;
as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.
AfOfec6tionOate (?), a. [Cf. F. affectionn..] 1. Having
affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate
2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.]
Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be
too affectionate.
3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as,
the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance,
message, language.
4. Strongly inclined; P with to. [Obs.]
Syn. P Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond;
earnest; ardent.
AfOfec6tionOa7ted, a. Disposed; inclined. [Obs.]
Affectionated to the people.
AfOfec6tionOateOly, adv. With affection; lovingly; fondly;
tenderly; kindly.
AfOfec6tionOateOness, n. The quality of being affectionate;
fondness; affection.
AfOfec6tioned (?), a. 1. Disposed. [Archaic]
Be kindly affectioned one to another.
Rom. xii. 10.
2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.]
AfOfec6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. affectif.] 1. Tending to affect;
affecting. [Obs.]
2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional;
AfOfec6tiveOly, adv. In an affective manner; impressively;
AfOfec6tuOous (?; 135), a. [L. affectuous: cf. F.
affectueux. See Affect.] Full of passion or emotion;
earnest. [Obs.] P AfOfec6tuOousOly, adv. [Obs.] 
AfOfeer6 (?), v. t. [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise,
assess, fr. L. ad + forum market, court of justice, in LL.
also meaning pri??.] 1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] =The
title is affeered.8
2. (Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or
amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.
Amercements... were affeered by the judges.
AfOfeer6er (?), AfOfeer6or (?), } n. [OF. aforeur, LL.
afforator.] (Old Law) One who affeers.
AfOfeer6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. aforement.] (Old Law) The act
of affeering.
Af6ferOent (?), a. [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad +
ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to
a part or organ; P opposed to efferent; as, afferent
vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the
external organs to the brain.
X AfOfet7tuOo6so (?), adv. [It.] (Mus.) With feeling.
AfOfi6ance (?), n. [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF.
afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad +
fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See Faith, and cf.
Affidavit, Affy, Confidence.] 1. Plighted faith; marriage
contract or promise.
2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.
Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in
the divine love.
Sir J. Stephen.
Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have
Most joy and most affiance.
AfOfi6ance, v. t. [imp. ? p. p. Affianced (?); p. pr. ? vb.
n. Affiancing (?).] [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To
betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly
promise (one's self or another) in marriage.
To me, sad maid, he was affianced.
2. To assure by promise. [Obs.]
AfOfi6anOcer (?), n. One who makes a contract of marriage
between two persons.
AfOfi6ant (?), n. [From p. pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare.
See Affidavit.] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.]
Syn. P Deponent. See Deponent.
Af7fiOda6vit (?), n. [LL. affidavit he has made oath,
perfect tense of affidare. See Affiance, Affy.] (Law) A
sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed
and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate.
Bouvier. Burrill.
5 It is always made ex parte, and without crossPexamination,
and in this differs from a deposition. It is also applied to
written statements made on affirmation. 
Syn. P Deposition. See Deposition.
AfOfile6 (?), v. t. [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a
(L. ad) + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [Obs.]
AfOfil6iOaOble (?), a. Capable of being affiliated to or on,
or connected with in origin.
AfOfil6iOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Affiliating (?).] [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to
adopt as son; ad + filius son: cf. F. affilier.] 1. To
adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or
receive into close connection; to ally.
Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in
I. Taylor.
2. To fix the paternity of; P said of an illegitimate child;
as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather
than another.
3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.
How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing
upon the aboriginal vegetative processes?
H. Spencer.
4. To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society
as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; P
followed by to or with.
Affiliated societies, societies connected with a central
society, or with each other.
AfOfil6iOate, v. i. To connect or associate one's self; P
followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
AfOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.] 1.
Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the
same family or society.
2. (Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the
assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father;
3. Connection in the way of descent.
H. Spencer.
AfOfi6nal (?), a. [L. affinis.] Related by marriage; from
the same source.
AfOfine6 (?), v. t. [F. affiner to refine; ? (L. ad) + fin
fine. See Fine.] To refine. [Obs.]
AfOfined6 (?), a. [OF. afin. related, p. p., fr. LL.
affinare to join, fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad
+ finis boundary, limit.] Joined in affinity or by any tie.
[Obs.] =All affined and kin.8
AfOfin6iOtaOtive (?), a. Of the nature of affinity. P
AfOfin6iOtaOtiveOly, adv.
AfOfin6iOtive, a. Closely connected, as by affinity.
AfOfin6iOty (?), n.; pl. Affinities (?). [OF. afinit., F.
affinit., L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.] 
1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his
wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's
blood relations); P in contradistinction to consanguinity,
or relationship by blood; P followed by with, to, or
Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh.
1 Kings iii. 1.
2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity;
resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of
colors, or of languages.
There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]
About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with
William Cranmer.
4. (Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an
insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of
bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism;
chemical or elective ~ or attraction.
5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe? groups
dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and
indicating community of origin.
6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or
attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp.
persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who
exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
AfOfirm6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affirming.] [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer,
affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm,
firmus firm. See Firm.] 1. To make firm; to confirm, or
ratify; esp. (Law), to assert or confirm, as a judgment,
decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for
2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver;
to maintain as true; P opposed to deny.
Jesus,... whom Paul affirmed to be alive.
Acts xxv. 19. 
3. (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial
sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
Syn. P To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure;
pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. P To
Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare
a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a
peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as
what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it
to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We
protest in a more public manner and with the energy of
perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a
conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are
peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they
wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a
conviction of their innocence.
AfOfirm6, v. i. 1. To declare or assert positively.
Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth.
2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized
magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to
testify by affirmation.
AfOfirm6aOble (?), a. Capable of being affirmed, asserted,
or declared; P followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable
of every just man.
AfOfirm6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. afermance.] 1. Confirmation;
ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.
This statute... in affirmance of the common law.
2. A strong declaration; affirmation.

AfOfirm6ant (?), n. [L. affirmans, Oantis, p. pr. See
Affirm.] 1. One who affirms or asserts.
2. (Law) One who affirms of taking an oath.
Af7firOma6tion (?), n. [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.]
1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as,
the affirmation of a law.
2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; P
opposed to negation or denial.
3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive
?tatement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender,
of title to property sold, or of its quality.
4. (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of
perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an
oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath.
AfOfirm6aOtive (?), a. [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.]
1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common
2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory
of what exists; answering =yes8 to a question; P opposed to
negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.]
J. Taylor.
Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito.
4. (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a
5. (Alg.) Positive; P a term applied to quantities which are
to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be
AfOfirm6aOtive, n. 1. That which affirms as opposed to that
which denies; an ~ proposition; that side of question which
affirms or maintains the proposition stated; P opposed to
negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and
ten in the negative.
Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for
my purpose that many have believed the affirmative.
2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as,
yes, that is so, etc.
AfOfirm6aOtiveOly, adv. In an affirmative manner; on the
affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; P
opposed to negatively.
AfOfirm6aOtoOry (?), a. Giving affirmation; assertive;
AfOfirm6er (?), n. One who affirms.
AfOfix6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affixed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affixing.] [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere
to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F.
afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.] 1. To
subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to
fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to
affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a
2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.
Should they [caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a
plant improper for their food.
3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to
ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a
person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one.
4. To fix or fasten figuratively; P with on or upon; as,
eyes affixed upon the ground. [Obs.]
Syn. P To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite.
Af6fix (?), n.; pl. Affixes (?). [L. affixus, p. p. of
affigere: cf. F. affixe.] That which is affixed; an
appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at
the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
AfOfix6ion (?), n. [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Affixture.
T. Adams.
AfOfix6ture (?; 135), n. The act of affixing, or the state
of being affixed; attachment.
AfOfla6tion (?), n. [L. afflatus, p. p. of afflare to blow
or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] A blowing or breathing
on; inspiration.
AfOfla6tus (?), n. [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.] 1. A
breath or blast of wind.
2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse;
A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet
without his afflatus.
AfOflict6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Afflicting.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast
down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit,
afflict, p. p. Cf. Flagellate.] 1. To strike or cast down;
to overthrow. [Obs.] =Reassembling our afflicted powers.8
2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing
continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to
They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with
their burdens.
Exod. i. 11.
That which was the worst now least afflicts me.
3. To make low or humble. [Obs.]
Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment;
wound; hurt.
AfOflict6, p. p. & a. [L. afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted.
AfOflict6edOness, n. The state of being afflicted;
affliction. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
AfOflict6er (?), n. One who afflicts.
AfOflict6ing, a. Grievously painful; distressing;
afflictive; as, an afflicting event. P AfOflict6ingOly, adv.
AfOflic6tion (?), n. [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr.
affligere.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind,
as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress;
a pain or grief.
To repay that money will be a biting affliction.
2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress,
or grief.
Some virtues are seen only in affliction.
Syn. P Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity;
misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. P
Affliction, Sorrow, Grief, Distress. Affliction and sorrow
are terms of wide and general application; grief and
distress have reference to particular cases. Affliction is
the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul,
and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the
loss of what is most dear P friends, health, etc. We do not
speak of mere sickness or pain as =an affliction,8 though
one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted; but
deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness,
loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions, showing that
term applies particularly to prolonged sources of
suffering. Sorrow and grief are much alike in meaning, but
grief is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting
poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief
for the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more reflective,
and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is
looked upon with sorrow. Grief is often violent and
demonstrative; sorrow deep and brooding. Distress implies
extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher
stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and
almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body.
Affliction is allayed, grief subsides, sorrow is soothed,
distress is mitigated. 
AfOflic6tionOless (?), a. Free from affliction.
AfOflic6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. afflictif.] Giving pain;
causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing.
=Jove's afflictive hand.8
Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain.
AfOflic6tiveOly, adv. In an afflictive manner.
Af6fluOence (?), n. [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr.
affluens, p. pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to
flow. See Flux.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an
The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain.
There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year.
2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.;
profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.
And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease.
Syn. P Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty;
wealth; opulence.
Af6fluOenOcy (?), n. Affluence. [Obs.]
Af6fluOent (?), a. [Cf. F. affluent, L. affluens, Oentis, p.
pr. See Affluence.] 1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
=Affluent blood.8
2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding
in goods or riches.
Language... affluent in expression.
H. Reed.
Loaded and blest with all the affluent store,
Which human vows at smoking shrines implore.
Af6fluOent, n. A stream or river flowing into a larger river
or into a lake; a tributary stream.
Af6fluOentOly, adv. Abundantly; copiously.
AfOfluOentOness, n. Great plenty. [R.]
Af6flux7 (?), n. [L. affluxum, p. p. of affluere: cf. F.
afflux. See Affluence.] A flowing towards; that which flows
to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.
AfOflux6ion (?), n. The act of flowing towards; afflux.
Sir T. Browne.
Af6foOdill (?), n. Asphodel. [Obs.]
AfOforce6 (?), v. t. [OF. afforcier, LL. affortiare; ad +
fortiare, fr. L. fortis strong.] To re nforce; to
AfOforce6ment (?), n. [OF.] 1. A fortress; a fortification
for defense. [Obs.]
2. A re nforcement; a strengthening.
AfOfor6ciOaOment (?), n. See Afforcement. [Obs.]
AfOford6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afforded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Affording.] [OE. aforthen, AS. gefor?ian, for?ian, to
further, accomplish, afford, fr. for? forth, forward. The
prefix geO has no well defined sense. See Forth.] 1. To give
forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result,
fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil;
the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply
of fish.
2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to
its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a
good life affords consolation in old age.
His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers.
The quiet lanes... afford calmer retreats.
3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting,
expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury;
as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a
sum yearly in charity.
4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an
act which might under other circumstances be injurious; P
with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or
rich enough.
The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits.
He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer.

AfOford6aOble (?), a. That may be afforded.
AfOford6ment (?), n. Anything given as a help; bestowal.
AfOfor6est (?), v. t. [LL. afforestare; ad + forestare. See
Forest.] To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract
of country.
AfOfor7esOta6tion (?), n. The act of converting into forest
or woodland.
AfOform6aOtive (?), n. An affix.
AfOfran6chise (?), v. t. [F. affranchir; ? (L. ad) + franc
free. See Franchise and Frank.] To make free; to
AfOfran6chiseOment (?), n. [Cf. F. affranchissement.] The
act of making free; enfranchisement. [R.]
AfOfrap6 (?), v. t. & i. [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to
cut, mince, F. frapper to strike. See Frap.] To strike, or
strike down. [Obs.]
AfOfray6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] [OE. afraien,
affraien, OF. effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig. to
disquiet, put out of peace, fr. L. ex + OHG. fridu peace
(akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray, Frith inclosure.]
[Archaic] 1. To startle from quiet; to alarm. 
Smale foules a great heap
That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my sleep.
2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.
That voice doth us affray.
AfOfray6 (?), n. [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi,
fr. OF. esfreer. See Affray, v. t.] 1. The act of suddenly
disturbing any one; an assault or attack. [Obs.] 
2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.]
3. A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray. =In the
very midst of the affray.8
4. (Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public
place, to the terror of others.
5 A fighting in private is not, in a legal sense, an affray.
Syn. P Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest;
feud; tumult; disturbance.
AfOfray6er (?), n. One engaged in an affray.
AfOfray6ment (?), n. Affray. [Obs.]
AfOfreight6 (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + freight: cf. F.
affr.ter. See Freight.] To hire, as a ship, for the
transportation of goods or freight.
AfOfreight6er (?), n. One who hires or charters a ship to
convey goods.
AfOfreight6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. affr.tement.] The act of
hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some
part of it, to convey cargo.
AfOfret6 (?), n. [Cf. It. affrettare to hasten, fretta
haste.] A furious onset or attack. [Obs.]
AfOfric6tion (?), n. [L. affricare to rub on. See Friction.]
The act of rubbing against. [Obs.]
AfOfriend6ed (?), p. p. Made friends; reconciled. [Obs.]
=Deadly foes... affriended.8
AfOfright6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affrighted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Affrighting.] [Orig. p. p.; OE. afright, AS. >fyrhtan to
terrify; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) +
fyrhto fright. See Fright.] To impress with sudden fear; to
frighten; to alarm.
Dreams affright our souls.
A drear and dying sound
Affrights the flamens at their service quaint.
Syn. P To terrify; frighten; alarm; dismay; appall; scare;
startle; daunt; intimidate.
AfOfright6, p. a. Affrighted. [Obs.]
AfOfright6, n. 1. Sudden and great fear; terror. It
expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension,
perhaps less than terror.
He looks behind him with affright, and forward with despair.
2. The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an
object of dread.
B. Jonson.
AfOfright6edOly, adv. With fright.
AfOfright6en (?), v. t. To frighten. [Archaic] =Fit tales...
to affrighten babes.8
AfOfright6er (?), n. One who frightens. [Archaic]
AfOfright6ful (?), a. Terrifying; frightful. P
AfOfright6fulOly, adv. [Archaic]
Bugbears or affrightful apparitions.
AfOfright6ment (?), n. Affright; the state of being
frightened; sudden fear or alarm. [Archaic]
Passionate words or blows... fill the child's mind with
terror and affrightment.
AfOfront6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affronted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Affronting.] [OF. afronter, F. affronter, to confront,
LL. affrontare to strike against, fr. L. ad + frons
forehead, front. See Front.] 1. To front; to face in
position; to meet or encounter face to face. [Obs.]
All the seaOcoasts do affront the Levant.
That he, as 't were by accident, may here
Affront Ophelia.
2. To face in defiance; to confront; as, to confront; as, to
affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter.
3. To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult
to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked
How can any one imagine that the fathers would have dared to
affront the wife of Aurelius?
Syn. P TO insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight;
defy; offend; provoke; pique; nettle.
AfOfront6, n. [Cf. F. affront, fr. affronter.] 1. An
encounter either friendly or hostile. [Obs.]
I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded
On hostile ground, none daring my affront.
2. Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies
resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.
Offering an affront to our understanding.
3. An offense to one's selfPrespect; shame.
Syn. P Affront, Insult, Outrage. An affront is a designed
mark of disrespect, usually in the presence of others. An
insult is a personal attack either by words or actions,
designed to humiliate or degrade. An outrage is an act of
extreme and violent insult or abuse. An affront piques and
mortifies; an insult irritates and provokes; an outrage
wounds and injures.
Captious persons construe every innocent freedom into an
affront. When people are in a state of animosity, they seek
opportunities of offering each other insults. Intoxication
or violent passion impels men to the commission of outrages.
AfOfronOt.6(?), a. [F. affront., p. p.] (Her.) Face to face,
or front to front; facing. 
AfOfront6edOly (?), adv. Shamelessly. [Obs.]
AfOfronOtee6, n. One who receives an affront.
AfOfront6er (?), n. One who affronts, or insults to the
AfOfront6ingOly, adv. In an affronting manner.
AfOfront6ive (?), a. Tending to affront or offend;
offensive; abusive.
How affrontive it is to despise mercy.

AfOfront6iveOness (?), n. The quality that gives an affront
or offense. [R.]
AfOfuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affused (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affusing (?).] [L. affusus, p. p. of affundere to pour
to; ad + fundere. See Fuse.] To pour out or upon. [R.]
I first affused water upon the compressed beans.
AfOfu6sion (?), n. [Cf. F. affusion.] The act of pouring
upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in
baptism. Specifically: (Med) The act of pouring water or
other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy
in disease.
AfOfy6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affied (?); p. ?r.
Affying.] [OF. afier, LL. affidare. Cf. Affiance.] 1. To
confide (one's self to, or in); to trust. [Obs.]
2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance. [Obs.]
3. To bind in faith. [Obs.]
Bp. Montagu.
AfOfy6, v. i. To trust or confide. [Obs.]
Af6ghan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.
Af6ghan, n. 1. A native of Afghanistan.
2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.
AOfield6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + field.] 1. To, in, or on the
field. =We drove afield.8
How jocund did they drive their team afield!
2. Out of the way; astray.
Why should he wander afield at the age of fiftyPfive!
AOfire6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + fire.] On fire.
AOflame6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flame.] Inflames;
glowing with light or passion; ablaze.
G. Eliot.
AOflat6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + flat.] Level with the ground;
flat. [Obs.]
AOflaunt6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flaunt.] In a flaunting
state or position.
AOflick6er (?)(?), adv. & a [Pref. aO + flicker.] In a
flickering state.
AOfloat6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + float.] 1. Borne on the
water; floating; on board ship. 
On such a full sea are we now afloat.
2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general
circulation; as, a rumor is afloat.
3. Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our
affairs are all afloat.
AOflow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flow.] Flowing.
Their founts aflow with tears.
R. Browning.
AOflush6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, n.] In a flushed
or blushing state.
AOflush6, adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, a.] On a level.
The bank is... aflush with the sea.
AOflut6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flutter.] In a
flutter; agitated.
AOfoam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foam.] In a foaming
state; as, the sea is all afoam.
AOfoot6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + foot.] 1. On foot.
We 'll walk afoot a while.
2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress.
The matter being afoot.
AOfore6 (?), adv. [OE. afore, aforn, AS. onforan or .tforan;
pref. aO + fore.] 1. Before. [Obs. or Dial.]
If he have never drunk wine afore.
2. (Naut.) In the fore part of a vessel.
AOfore6, prep. 1. Before (in all its senses). [Archaic]
2. (Naut.) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as,
afore the windlass.
w the mast, among the common sailors; P a phrase used to
distinguish the ship's crew from the officers.
AOfore6cit7ed (?), a. Named or quoted before.
AOfore6go7ing (?), a. GoFng before; foregoing.
AOfore6hand7 (?)(?) adv. Beforehand; in anticipation.
[Archaic or Dial.]
She is come aforehand to anoint my body.
Mark xiv. 8.
AOfore6hand7, a. Prepared; previously provided; P opposed to
behindhand. [Archaic or Dial.]
Aforehand in all matters of power.
AOfore6men7tioned (?), a. Previously mentioned;
AOfore6named7 (?), a. Named before.
AOfore6said7 (?), a. Said before, or in a preceding part;
already described or identified.
AOfore6thought7 (?), a. Premeditated; prepense; previously
in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought, which is
required to constitute murder.
AOfore6thought7, n. Premeditation.
AOfore6time7 (?), adv. In time past; formerly. =He prayed...
as he did aforetime.8
Dan. vi. 10.
X A for7tiOo6ri (?). [L.] (Logic & Math.) With stronger
AOfoul6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foul.] In collision;
To run ~ of, to run against or come into collision with,
especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury.
AOfraid6 (?), p. a. [OE. afrayed, affraide, p. p. of afraien
to affray. See Affray, and cf. Afeard.] Impressed with fear
or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive. [Afraid comes after
the noun it limits.] =Back they recoiled, afraid.8
5 This word expresses a less degree of fear than terrified
or frightened. It is followed by of before the object of
fear, or by the infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to
be afraid of death. =I am afraid to die.8 =I am afraid he
will chastise me.8 =Be not afraid that I your hand should
take.8 Shak. I am afraid is sometimes used colloquially to
soften a statement; as, I am afraid I can not help you in
this matter.
Syn. P Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious.
Af6reet (?), n. Same as Afrit.
AOfresh6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + fresh.] Anew; again; once
more; newly.
They crucify... the Son of God afresh.
Heb. vi. 6.
Af6ric (?), a. African. P n. Africa. [Poetic]
Af6riOcan (?), a. [L. Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.]
Of or pertaining to Africa.
w hemp, a fiber prerared from the leaves of the Sanseviera
Guineensis, a plant found in Africa and India. P w marigold,
a tropical American plant (Tagetes erecta). P w oak or w
teak, a timber furnished by Oldfieldia Africana, used in
ship building.
Af6riOcan, n. A native of Africa; also one ethnologically
belonging to an African race.
Af7riOcan6der (?), n. One born in Africa, the offspring of a
white father and a =colored8 mother. Also, and now commonly
in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.
Af6riOcanOism (?), n. A word, phrase, idiom, or custom
peculiar to Africa or Africans. =The knotty Africanisms...
of the fathers.8
Af6riOcanOize (?), v. t. To place under the domination of
Africans or negroes. [Amer.] 
Af6rit (?), Af6rite (?), Af6reet (?), n. [Arab. 'ifrFt.]
(Moham. Myth.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous
AOfront6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + front.] In front; face to
face. P prep. In front of.
Aft (?), adv. & a. [AS. .ftan behind; orig. superl. of of,
off. See After.] (Naut.) Near or towards the stern of a
vessel; astern; abaft.
Aft6er (?), a. [AS. .fter after, behind; akin to Goth.
aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter,
OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. ? further off.
The ending Oter is an old comparative suffix, in E.
generally Other (as in other), and after is a compar. of of,
off. ? See Of; cf. Aft.] 1. Next; later in time; subsequent;
succeeding; as, an after period of life.
5 In this sense the word is sometimes needlessly combined
with the following noun, by means of a hyphen, as,
afterPages, afterPact, afterPdays, afterPlife. For the most
part the words are properly kept separate when after has
this meaning.
2. Hinder; nearer the rear. (Naut.) To ward the stern of the
ship; P applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel;
as the after cabin, after hatchway. It is often combined
with its noun; as, afterPbowlines, afterPbraces,
afterPsails, afterPyards, those on the mainmasts and
w body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or
middle part.
Aft6er, prep. 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after
another. =Shut doors after you.8
2. Below in rank; next to in order.
Codrus after Ph?bus sings the best.
3. Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three
days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was
interposed between it and the clause.
After I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.
Matt. xxvi. 32.
4. Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you
have said, I shall be careful.
5. Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our
advice, you took that course.
6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in
pursuit of.
Ye shall not go after other gods.
Deut. vi. 14.
After whom is the king of Israel come out?
1 Sam. xxiv. 14.
7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to;
as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to
thirst after righteousness.
8. In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of;
as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens;
the boy takes after his father.
To name or call ~, to name like and reference to.
Our eldest son was named George after his uncle.
9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the
nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes.
Isa. xi. 3.
They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the
Rom. viii. 5. 
10. According to the direction and influence of; in
proportion to; befitting. [Archaic]
He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and
currency, and not after their intrinsic value.
w all, when everything has been considered; upon the whole.
P w (with the same noun preceding and following), as, wave
after wave, day after day, several or many (waves, etc.)
successively. P One ~ another, successively. P To be ~, to
be pursuit of in order to reach or get; as, he is after
Aft6er, adv. Subsequently in time or place; behind;
afterward; as, he follows after.
It was about the space of three hours after.
Acts. v. 7.
5 After is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but
retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be
adverbial, prepositional, or adjectival; as in afterP
described, afterOdinner, afterPpart. The hyphen is sometimes
needlessly used to connect the adjective after with its
noun. See Note under After, a., 1. 
Aft6erObirth7 (?), n. (Med.) The placenta and membranes with
which the fetus is connected, and which come away after
Aft6erOcast7 (?), n. A throw of dice after the game in
ended; hence, anything done too late.
Aft6erOclap7 (?), n. An unexpected subsequent event;
something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed
to be at an end.
Aft6erOcrop7 (?), n. A second crop or harvest in the same
Aft6er damp7 (?). An irrespirable gas, remaining after an
explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic
Aft6erPdin7ner (?), n. The time just after dinner. =An
afterOdinner's sleep.8 Shak. [Obs.] P a. Following dinner;
postPprandial; as, an afterPdinner nap.
Aft6erPeat7age (?), n. Aftergrass.
Aft6erOeye7 (?), v. t. To look after. [Poetic]
Aft6erOgame7 (?), n. A second game; hence, a subsequent
scheme or expedient.
w at Irish, an ancient game very nearly resembling
Beau. & Fl.
Aft6erPglow7 (?), n. A glow of refulgence in the western sky
after sunset.
Aft6erOgrass7 (?), n. The grass that grows after the first
crop has been mown; aftermath.
Aft6erOgrowth7 (?), n. A second growth or crop, or
(metaphorically) development.
J. S. Mill.
Aft6erOguard7 (?), n. (Naut.) The seaman or seamen stationed
on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the
Aft6erPim7age (?), n. The impression of a vivid sensation
retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been
removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells,
Aft6erOings (?), n. pl. The last milk drawn in milking;
strokings. [Obs. or Dial.]
Aft6erOmath (?), n. [After + math. See Math.] A second
moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in
the same season; rowen.
Aft6erPmen7tioned (?), a. Mentioned afterwards; as, persons
afterPmentioned (in a writing).
Aft6erOmost (?), a. superl. [OE. eftemest, AS. .ftemest,akin
to Gothic aftumist and aftuma, the last, orig. a superlative
of of, with the superlative endings Ote, Ome, Ost.] 1.
Hindmost; P opposed to foremost.
2. (Naut.) Nearest the stern; most aft.
Aft6erOnoon6 (?), n. The part of the day which follows noon,
between noon and evening.
Aft6erPnote7 (?), n. (Mus.) One of the small notes occur on
the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from
the preceding note.
Aft6erOpains7 (?), n. pl. (Med.) The pains which succeed
childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth.
Aft6erOpiece7 (?), n. 1. A piece performed after a play,
usually a farce or other small entertainment. 
2. (Naut.) The heel of a rudder.
Aft6erPsails7 (?), n. pl. (Naut.) The sails on the
mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and
Aft6erOshaft7 (?), n. (Zo.l.) The hypoptilum.
Aft6erOtaste7 (?), n. A taste which remains in the mouth
after eating or drinking.
Aft6erOthought7 (?), n. Reflection after an act; later or
subsequent thought or expedient.
Aft6erOwards (?), Aft6erOward (?), } adv. [AS. .fteweard,
a., behind. See Aft, and Oward (suffix). The final s in
afterwards is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending.] At a
later or succeeding time.
Aft6erOwise7 (?), a. Wise after the event; wise or knowing,
when it is too late.
Aft6erPwit7 (?), n. Wisdom or perception that comes after it
can be of use. =AfterPwit comes too late when the mischief
is done.8
Aft6erPwit7ted (?), a. Characterized by afterwit;
Aft6most (?), a. (Naut.) Nearest the stern.
Aft6ward (?), adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern.
X AOga6 or X AOgha6 (?), n. [Turk. adh> a great lord, chief
master.] In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used
also as a title of respect.
AOgain6 (?; 277), adv. [OE. agein, agayn, AS. ongegn,
onge n, against, again; on + ge n, akin to Ger. gegewn
against, Icel. gegn. Cf. Gainsay.] 1. In return, back; as,
bring us word again.
2. Another time; once more; anew.
If a man die, shall he live again?
Job xiv. 14.
3. Once repeated; P of quantity; as, as large again, half as
much again.
4. In any other place. [Archaic]
5. On the other hand. =The one is mi sovereign... the other
again is my kinsman.8
6. Moreover; besides; further.
Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc.
w and ~, more than once; often; repeatedly. P Now and ~, now
and then; occasionally. P To and ~, to and fro. [Obs.]
De Foe.
5 Again was formerly used in many verbal combinations, as,
againPwitness, to witness against; againPride, to ride
against; againOcome, to come against, to encounter;
againObring, to bring back, etc.
AOgain6 (?), AOgains6 (?), } prep. Against; also, towards
(in order to meet). [Obs.] 
Albeit that it is again his kind.
AOgain6buy7 (?), v. t. To redeem. [Obs.]
AOgain6say7 (?), v. t. To gainsay. [Obs.]
AOgainst6 (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn.
The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.] 1.
Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth
of a river; P in this sense often preceded by over.
Jacob saw the angels of God come against him.
2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in
contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against
the roof.
3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment
or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety
to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to
run a race against time.
The gate would have been shut against her.
An argument against the use of steam.
4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to
be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.]
Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from
2 Kings xvi. 11.
w the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun
appears to move.
AOgain6stand7 (?), v. t. To withstand. [Obs.]
AOgain6ward (?), adv. Back again. [Obs.]

X Ag7aOlac6tiOa (?), Ag6aOlax7y (?), } n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. +
?, ?, milk.] (Med.) Failure of the due secretion of milk
after childbirth. 
Ag7aOlac6tous (?), a. Lacking milk to suckle with.
X A7galPa6gal (?), n. Same as AgarPagar.
Ag6alOloch (?), X AOgal6loOchum (?), } n. [Gr. ?, of Eastern
origin: cf. Skr. aguru, Heb. pl. ah>tFm.] A soft, resinous
wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly aromatic smell, burnt
by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also agal?wood
and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other
Ag7alOmat6oOlite (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, image, statue + Olite:
cf. F. agalmatolithe.] (Min.) A soft, compact stone, of a
grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by
the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It
is probably a variety of pinite.
X Ag6aOma (?), n. pl. Agamas (?). [From the Caribbean name
of a species of lizard.] (Zo.l.) A genus of lizards, one of
the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of
these lizards.
X Ag6aOmi (?), n. pl. Agamis (?). [F. agami, fr. the native
name.] (Zo.l.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans),
allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; P called also
the goldPbreasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of
the pheasant. See Trumpeter.
AOgam6ic (?), a. [See Agamous.] (a) (Biol.) Produced without
sexual union; as, agamic or unfertilized eggs. (b) Not
having visible organs of reproduction, as flowerless plants;
AOgam6icOalOly (?), adv. In an agamic manner.
Ag6aOmist (?), n. [See Agamous.] An unmarried person; also,
one opposed to marriage.
X Ag7aOmoOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? unmarried (? priv. + ?
marriage) + ? reproduction.] (Biol.) Reproduction without
the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual
Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6ic (?), n. (Biol.) Reproducing or produced
without sexual union. P Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6icOalOly (?), adv.
All known agamogenetic processes end in a complete return to
the primitive stock.
Ag6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? unmarried; ? priv. + ? marriage.]
(Biol.) Having no visible sexual organs; asexual. In Bot.,
AOgan7gliOo6nic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + ganglionic.]
(Physiol.) Without ganglia.
AOgape6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gape.] Gaping, as with
wonder, expectation, or eager attention.
Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape.
X Ag6aOpe (?), n.; pl. Agap. (?). [Gr. ? love, pl. ?.] The
love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal
partaken of in connection with the communion.
X A7garPa6gar (?), n. [Ceylonese local name.] A fucus or
seaweed much used in the East for soups and jellies; Ceylon
moss (Gracilaria lichenoides).
Ag6aOric (?; 277), n. [L. agaricum, Gr. ?, said to be fr.
Agara, a town in Sarmatia.] 1. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus
Agarius, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an
2. An old name for several species of Polyporus, corky fungi
growing on decaying wood.
5 The =female agaric8 (Polyporus officinalic) was renowned
as a cathartic; the =male agaric8 (Polyporus igniarius) is
used for preparing touchwood, called punk of German tinder.
w mineral, a light, chalky deposit of carbonate of ?ime,
sometimes called rock milk, formed in caverns or fissures of
AOgasp6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gasp.] In a state of
AOgast6 or AOghast6 (?), v. t. To affright; to terrify.
Chaucer. Spenser.
AOgast6 (?), p. p. & a. See Aghast.
AOgas6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? stomach.] (Physiol.)
Having to stomach, or distinct digestive canal, as the
AOgate6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO on + gate way.] On the way;
agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate. [Obs. or
Prov. Eng.]
Ag6ate (?), n. [F. agate, It. agata, L. achates, fr. Gr. ?.]
1. (Min.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz,
presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors
are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in
5 The fortification agate, or Scotch pebble, the moss agate,
the clouded agate, etc., are familiar varieties.
2. (Print.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller
than nonpareil; in England called ruby.
5 This line is printed in the type called agate.
3. A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small
figures cut in ~ for rings and seals. [Obs.]
4. A tool used by goldPwire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; P so
called from the ~ fixed in it for burnishing.
Ag7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [Agate + Oferous.] Containing or
producing agates.
Ag6aOtine (?), a. Pertaining to, or like, agate.
Ag6aOtize (?), v. t. [Usually p. p. Agatized (?).] To
convert into agate; to make resemble agate.
Ag6aOty (?), a. Of the nature of agate, or containing agate.
AOga6ve (?), n. [L. Agave, prop. name, fr. Gr. ?, fem. of ?
illustrious, noble.] (bot.) A genus of plants (order
Amaryllidace.) of which the chief species is the maguey or
century plant (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is
from ten to seventy years, according to climate, in
attaining maturity, when it produces a gigantic flower stem,
sometimes forty feet in height, and perishes. The fermented
juice is the pulque of the Mexicans; distilled, it yields
mescal. A strong thread and a tough paper are made from the
leaves, and the wood has many uses.
AOgazed6 (?), p. p. [Only in p. p.; another spelling for
aghast.] Gazing with astonishment; amazed. [Obs.]
The whole army stood agazed on him.
Age (?), n. [OF. aage, eage, F. .ge, fr. L. aetas through a
supposed LL. aetaticum. L. aetas is contracted fr. aevitas,
fr. aevum lifetime, ~; akin to E. aye ever. Cf. Each.] 1.
The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or
other kind; lifetime.
Mine age is as nothing before thee.
Ps. xxxix. 5.
2. That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is
between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the
present age of a man, or of the earth?
3. The latter part of life; an advanced period of life;
seniority; state of being old.
Nor wrong mine age with this indignity.
4. One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of
youth, etc.
5. Mature ~; especially, the time of life at which one
attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of
age; he (or she) is of age. Abbott. In the United States,
both males and females are of age when twentyone years old.
6. The time of life at which some particular power or
capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of
consent; the age of discretion.
7. A particular period of time in history, as distinguished
from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles. =The
spirit of the age.8
Truth, in some age or other, will find her witness.
Archeological ages are designated as three: The Stone age
(the early and the later stone ~, called paleolithic and
neolithic), the Bronze age, and the Iron age. During the Age
of Stone man is supposed to have employed stone for weapons
and implements.
See Augustan, Brazen, Golden, Heroic, Middle.
8. A great period in the history of the Earth.
The geologic ages are as follows: 1. The, including
the time when was no life and the time of the earliest and
simplest forms of life. 2. The age of Invertebrates, or the
Silurian, when the life on the globe consisted distinctively
of invertebrates. 3. The age of Fishes, or the Devonian,
when fishes were the dominant race. 4. The age of Coal
Plants, or Acrogens, or the Carboniferous age. 5. The
Mesozoic or Secondary age, or age of Reptiles, when reptiles
prevailed in great numbers and of vast size. 6. The Tertiary
age, or age of Mammals, when the mammalia, or quadrupeds,
abounded, and were the dominant race. 7. The Quaternary age,
or age of Man, or the modern era.
9. A century; the period of one hundred years.
Fleury... apologizes for these five ages.
10. The people who live at a particular period; hence, a
generation. =Ages yet unborn.8
The way which the age follows.
J. H. Newman.
Lo! where the stage, the poor, degraded stage,
Holds its warped mirror to a ?aping age.
C. Sprague.
11. A long time. [Colloq.] =He made minutes an age.8
w of a tide, the time from the origin of a tide in the South
Pacific Ocean to its arrival at a given place. P Moon's ~,
the time that has elapsed since the last preceding
conjunction of the sun and moon.
5 Age is used to form the first part of many compounds; as,
agelasting, agePadorning, agePworn, agePenfeebled, agelong.
Syn. P Time; period; generation; date; era; epoch.
Age, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aging
(?).] To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of ~; as,
he grew fat as he aged.
They live one hundred and thirty years, and never age for
all that.
I am aging; that is, I have a whitish, or rather a
lightPcolored, hair here and there.
Age, v. t. To cause to grow old; to impart the
characteristics of ~ to; as, grief ages us.
A6ged (?), a. 1. Old; having lived long; having lived almost
to or beyond the usual time allotted to that species of
being; as, an aged man; an aged oak.
2. Belonging to old age. =Aged cramps.8
3. (?) Having a certain age; at the age of; having lived;
as, a man aged forty years.
A6gedOly, adv. In the manner of an aged person.
A6gedOness, n. The quality of being aged; oldness.
Custom without truth is but agedness of error.
Age6less (?), a. Without old age limits of duration; as,
fountains of ageless youth.
AOgen6 (?), adv. & prep. See Again. [Obs.]
A6genOcy (?), n.; pl. Agencies (?). [LL. agentia, fr. L.
agens, agentis: cf. F. agence. See Agent.] 1. The faculty of
acting or of exerting power; the state of being in action;
action; instrumentality.
The superintendence and agency of Providence in the natural
2. The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a
principal and his agent; business of one intrusted with the
concerns of another.
3. The place of business of am agent.
Syn. P Action; operation; efficiency; management.
A6gend (?), n. See Agendum. [Obs.]
X AOgen6dum (?), n.; pl. Agenda (?). [L., neut. of the
gerundive of agere to act.] 1. Something to be done; in the
pl., a memorandum book.
2. A church service; a ritual or liturgy. [In this sense,
usually Agenda.]
Ag7eOnes6ic (?), a. [See Agensis.] (Physiol.) Characterized
by sterility; infecund.
X AOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? birth.] (Physiol.)
Any imperfect development of the body, or any anomaly of
X Ag7enOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? an engendering.]
(Physiol.) Impotence; sterility.
A6gent (?), a. [L. agens, agentis, p. pr. of agere to act;
akin to Gr. ? to lead, Icel. aka to drive, Skr. aj. ?.]
Acting? P opposed to patient, or sustaining, action.
[Archaic] =The body agent.8
A6gent, n. 1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act;
an actor.
Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill.
2. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by
authority from him; one intrusted with the business of
another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor.
3. An active power or cause; that which has the power to
produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal
agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.
AOgen6tial (?), a. Of or pertaining to an agent or an
Fitzed. Hall.
A6gentOship (?), n. Agency.
Beau. & Fl.
X AOger6aOtum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a sort of plant; ?
priv. + ? old age.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, one species of
which (A. Mexicanum) has lavenderPblue flowers in dense
AfOgen7erOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggenerare to beget in
addition. See Generate.] The act of producing in addition.
T. Stanley.
X Ag6ger (?), n. [L., a mound, fr. aggerere to bear to a
place, heap up; ad + gerere to bear.] An earthwork; a mound;
a raised work. [Obs.]
Ag6gerOate (?), v. t. [L. aggeratus, p. p. of aggerare. See
Agger.] To heap up. [Obs. or R.]
Ag7gerOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggeratio.] A heaping up;
accumulation; as, aggerations of sand. [R.]
Ag7gerOose6 (?), a. In heaps; full of heaps.
AgOgest6 (?), v. t. [L. aggestus, p. p. of aggerere. See
Agger.] To heap up. [Obs.]
The violence of the waters aggested the earth.
AgOglom6erOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglomerated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Agglomerating (?).] [L. agglomeratus, p. p. of
agglomerare; ad + glomerare to form into a ball. See
Glomerate.] To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather
into a mass or anything like a mass.
Where he builds the agglomerated pile.
AgOglom6erOate, v. i. To collect in a mass.
AgOglom6erOate (?), AgOglom6erOa7ted (?), } a. 1. Collected
into a ball, heap, or mass.
2. (Bot.) Collected into a rounded head of flowers.
AgOglom6erOate (?), n. 1. A collection or mass.
2. (Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by
heat; P distinguished from conglomerate.
AgOglom7erOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglom.ration.] 1. The act
or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.
An excessive agglomeration of turrets.
2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.
AgOglom6erOaOtive (?), a. Having a tendency to gather
together, or to make collections.
Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to use
one of his own words) agglomerative.
AgOglu6tiOnant (?), a. [L. agglutinans, Oantis, p. pr. of
agglutinare.] Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to
cause, adhesion. P n. Any viscous substance which causes
bodies or parts to adhere.
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglutinated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Agglutinating.] [L. agglutinatus, p. p. of
agglutinare to glue or cement to a thing; ad + glutinare to
glue; gluten glue. See Glue.] To unite, or cause to adhere,
as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing
an adhesion of substances. 
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), a. 1. United with glue or as with glue;
cemented together.
2. (physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not
materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate
forms, languages, etc. See Agglutination, 2.
AgOglu7tiOna6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglutination.] 1. The act
of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state
of being thus united; adhesion of parts.
2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united
with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See
Agglutinative, 2.
AgOglu6tiOnaOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. agglutinatif.] 1.
Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having
power to cause adhesion; adhesive.
2. (Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a
language or a compound.
In agglutinative languages the union of words may be
compared to mechanical compounds, in inflective languages to
chemical compounds.
R. Morris.
Cf. manPkind, heirPloom, warPlike, which are agglutinative
compounds. The Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc.,
are agglutinative languages.
R. Morris.
Agglutinative languages preserve the consciousness of their
Max M.ller.
AgOgrace6 (?), v. t. [Pref. aO + grace: cf. It. aggraziare,
LL. aggratiare. See Grace.] To favor; to grace. [Obs.] =That
knight so much aggraced.8

AgOgrace6 (?), n. Grace; favor. [Obs.]
Ag6granOdi6zaOble (?), a. Capable of being aggrandized.
AgOgran7diOza6tion (?), n. Aggrandizement. [Obs.]
Ag6granOdize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrandized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Aggrandizing (?).] [F. agrandir; . (L. ad) +
grandir to increase, L. grandire, fr. grandis great. See
Grand, and cf. Finish.] 1. To make great; to enlarge; to
increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority,
2. To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or
wealth; P applied to persons, countries, etc.
His scheme for aggrandizing his son.
3. To make appear great or greater; to exalt.
Syn. P To augment; exalt; promote; advance.
Ag6granOdize, v. i. To increase or become great. [Obs.]
Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize.
J. Hall.
AgOgran6dizeOment (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. agrandissement.] The
act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or
exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation;
enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement
of his own family.
Syn. P Augmentation; exaltation; enlargement; advancement;
promotion; preferment.
Ag6granOdi7zer (?), n. One who aggrandizes, or makes great.
AgOgrate6 (?), v. t. [It. aggratare, fr. L. ad + gratus
pleasing. See Grate, a.] To please. [Obs.]
Each one sought his lady to aggrate.
Ag6graOvate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggravated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Aggravating.] [L. aggravatus, p. p. of aggravare.
See Aggrieve.] 1. To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to
increase. [Obs.] =To aggravate thy store.8
2. To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable
or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to
intensify. =To aggravate my woes.8
To aggravate the horrors of the scene.
The defense made by the prisioner's counsel did rather
aggravate than extenuate his crime.
3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to
aggravate circumstances.
4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate. [Colloq.]
If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and
sister do mine.
Richardson (Clarissa).
Syn. P To heighten; intensify; increase; magnify;
exaggerate; provoke; irritate; exasperate.
Ag6graOva7ting (?), a. 1. Making worse or more heinous; as,
aggravating circumstances.
2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating. [Colloq.]
A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating.
J. Ingelow.
Ag6graOva7tingOly, adv. In an aggravating manner.
Ag7graOva6tion (?), n. [LL. aggravatio: cf. F. aggravation.]
1. The act of aggravating, or making worse; P used of evils,
natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or
heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and
enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences.
2. Exaggerated representation.
By a little aggravation of the features changed it into the
Saracen's head.
3. An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the
guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity.
4.Provocation; irritation. [Colloq.]
Ag6graOvaOtive (?), a. Tending to aggravate. P n. That which
Ag6greOgate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggregated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Aggregating.] [L. aggregatus, p. p. of aggregare to
lead to a flock or herd; ad + gregare to collect into a
flock, grex flock, herd. See Gregarious.] 1. To bring
together; to collect into a mass or sum. =The aggregated
2. To add or unite, as, a person, to an association.
It is many times hard to discern to which of the two sorts,
the good or the bad, a man ought to be aggregated.
3. To amount in the ~ to; as, ten loads, aggregating five
hundred bushels. [Colloq.]
Syn. P To heap up; accumulate; pile; collect.
Ag6greOgate (?), a. [L. aggregatus, p. p.] 1. Formed by a
collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum;
The aggregate testimony of many hundreds.
Sir T. Browne.
2. (Anat.) Formed into clusters or groups of lobules; as,
aggregate glands.
3. (Bot.) Composed of several florets within a common
involucre, as in the daisy; or of several carpels formed
from one flower, as in the raspberry.
4. (Min. & Geol.) Having the several component parts
adherent to each other only to such a degree as to be
separable by mechanical means.
5. (Zo.l.) United into a common organized mass; P said of
certain compound animals.
Corporation ~. (Law) See under Corporation.
Ag6greOgate, n. 1. A mass, assemblage, or sum of
particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick,
timber, etc.
5 In an aggregate the particulars are less intimately mixed
than in a compound.
2. (Physics) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous
particles; P in distinction from a compound, formed by the
union of heterogeneous particles.
In the ~, collectively; together.
Ag6greOgateOly, adv. Collectively; in mass.
Ag7greOga6tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. aggregatio, F. agr.gation.]
The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated;
collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars;
an aggregate.
Each genus is made up by aggregation of species.
A nation is not an idea only of local extent and individual
momentary aggregation, but... of continuity, which extends
in time as well as in numbers, and in space.
Ag6greOgaOtive (?), a. [Cf. Fr. agr.gatif.] 1. Taken
together; collective.
2. Gregarious; social. [R.]
Ag6greOga7tor (?), n. One who aggregates.
AgOgrege6 (?), v. t. [OF. agreger. See Aggravate.] To make
heavy; to aggravate. [Obs.]
AgOgress6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aggressed (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Aggressing.] [L. aggressus, p. p. of aggredi to go
to, approach; ad + gradi to step, go, gradus step: cf. OF.
aggresser. See Grade.] To commit the first act of hostility
or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an
attack; P with on.
AgOgress6, v. t. To set upon; to attack. [R.]
AgOgress6, n. [L. aggressus.] Aggression. [Obs.]
Their military aggresses on others.
Sir M. Hale.
AgOgres6sion (?), n. [L. aggressio, fr. aggredi: cf. F.
agression.] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first
act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a
controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of
aggression. =Aggressions of power.8
Syn. P Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation.
AgOgres6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. agressif.] Tending or disposed
to aggress; characterized by aggression; making assaults;
unjustly attacking; as, an aggressive policy, war, person,
nation. P AgOgres6siveOly, adv. P AgOgres6siveOness, n.
No aggressive movement was made.
AgOgres6sor (?), n. {L.: cf. F. agresseur.] The person who
first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins
hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.
The insolence of the aggressor is usually proportioned to
the tameness of the sufferer.
AgOgriev6ance (?), n. [OF. agrevance, fr. agrever. See
Aggrieve.] Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance.
AgOgrieve6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrieved (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Aggrieving (?).] [OE. agreven, OF. agrever; a (L. ad)
+ grever to burden, injure, L. gravare to weigh down, fr.
gravis heavy. See Grieve, and cf. Aggravate.] To give pain
or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in
one's rights; to bear heavily upon; P now commonly used in
the passive TO be aggrieved.
Aggrieved by oppression and extortion.
AgOgrieve6, v. i. To grieve; to lament. [Obs.]
AgOgroup6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrouped (?); . pr. &
vb. n. Aggrouping.] [F. agrouper; . (L. ad) + groupe group.
See Group..] To bring together in a group; to group.
AgOgroup6ment (?), n. Arrangement in a group or in groups;
X Ag6gry, X Ag6gri (?), a. Applied to a kind of variegated
glass beads of ancient manufacture; as, aggry beads are
found in Ashantee and Fantee in Africa.
AOghast6 (?), v. t. See Agast, v. t. [Obs.]
AOghast6 (?), a & p. p. [OE. agast, agasted, p. p. of
agasten to terrify, fr. AS. pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, G. erO,
orig. meaning out) + g?stan to terrify, torment: cf. Goth.
usgaisjan to terrify, primitively to fix, to root to the
spot with terror; akin to L. haerere to stick fast, cling.
See Gaze, Hesitate.] Terrified; struck with amazement;
showing signs of terror or horror.
Aghast he waked; and, starting from his bed,
Cold sweat in clammy drops his limbs o'erspread.
The commissioners read and stood aghast.
Ag6iOble (?), a. [Cf. LL. agibilis, fr. L. agere to move,
do.] Possible to be done; practicable. [Obs.] =Fit for
agible things.8
Sir A. Sherley.
Ag6ile (?), a. [F. agile, L. agilis, fr. agere to move. See
Agent.] Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt
or ready to move; nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile
Shaking it with agile hand.
Syn. P Active; alert; nimble; brisk; lively; quick.
Ag6ileOly, adv. In an agile manner; nimbly.
Ag6ileOness, n. Agility; nimbleness. [R.]
AOgil6iOty (?), n. [F. agili., L. agilitas , fr. agilis.] 1.
The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs
quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of
motion; as, strength and agility of body.
They... trust to the agility of their wit.
Wheeling with the agility of a hawk.
Sir W. Scott.
2. Activity; powerful agency. [Obs.]
The agility of the sun's fiery heat.
Ag6iOo (?), n.; pl. Agios (?). [It. aggio exchange,
discount, premium, the same word as agio ease. See Ease.]
(Com.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money
when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The
premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is
sometimes called agio.
Ag6iOoOtage (?), n. [F. agiotage, fr. agioter to practice
stockjobbing, fr. agio.] Exchange business; also,
stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower
the price of stocks or public funds.
Vanity and agiotage are to a Parisian the oxygen and
hydrogen of life.
AOgist6 (?), v. t. [OF. agister; . (L. ad) + gister to
assign a lodging, fr. giste lodging, abode, F. g.te, LL.
gistum, gista, fr. L. jacitum, p. p. of jac?re to lie: cf.
LL. agistare, adgistare. See Gist.] (Law) To take to graze
or pasture, at a certain sum; P used originally of the
feeding of cattle in the king's forests, and collecting the
money for the same.
Ag7isOta6tor (?), n. [LL.] See Agister.
AOgist6er, AOgist6or } (?), n. [AngloPNorman agistour.]
(Law) (a) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had
the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the
same; P hence called gisttaker, which in England is
corrupted into guestPtaker. (b) Now, one who agists or takes
in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a pasturer.
Mozley & W.
AOgist6ment (?), n. [OF. agistement. See Agist.] (Law) (a)
Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men's cattle in
the king's forests. (b) The taking in by any one of other
men's cattle to graze at a certain rate. Mozley & W. (c) The
price paid for such feeding. (d) A charge or rate against
lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e., charge for
banks or dikes.
Ag6iOtaOble (?), a. [L. agitabilis: cf. F. agitable.]
Capable of being agitated, or easily moved. [R.]
Ag6iOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agitated (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Agitating (?).] [L. agitatus, p. p. of agitare to put
in motion, fr. agere to move: cf. F. agiter. See Act,
Agent.] 1. To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the
wind agitates the sea; to agitate water in a vessel.
=Winds... agitate the air.8
2. To move or actuate. [R.]
3. To stir up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was
greatly agitated.
The mind of man is agitated by various passions.
4. To discuss with great earnestness; to debate; as, a
controversy hotly agitated.
5. To revolve in the mind, or view in all its aspects; to
contrive busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate
desperate designs.
Syn. P To move; shake; excite; rouse; disturb; distract;
revolve; discuss; debate; canvass.
Ag6iOta7tedOly, adv. In an agitated manner.
Ag7iOta6tion (?), n. [L. agitatio: cf. F. agitation.] 1.The
act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state
of being moved with violence, or with irregular action;
commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation.
2. A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity;
disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical
excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation.
3. Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals,
etc.; as, the antislavery agitation; labor agitation.
=Religious agitations.8
4. Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy,
or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion;
A logical agitation of the matter.
The project now in agitation.
Syn. P Emotion; commotion; excitement; trepidation; tremor;
perturbation. See Emotion. 
Ag6iOtaOtive (?), a. Tending to agitate.
X A7giOta6to (?), a. [It., agitated.] (Med.) Sung or played
in a restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner.
Ag6iOta7tor (?), n. [L.] 1. One who agitates; one who stirs
up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators.
2. (Eng. Hist.) One of a body of men appointed by the army,
in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; P called
also adjutators.
3. An implement for shaking or mixing.
AOgleam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gleam.] Gleaming; as,
faces agleam.
Ag6let (?), Aig6let (?), } n. [F. aiguillette point, tagged
point, dim. of aiguilee needle, fr. LL. acucula for acicula,
dim. of L. acus needle, pin?: cf. OF. agleter to hook on.
See Acute, and cf. Aiguillette.] 1. A tag of a lace or of
the points, braids, or cords formerly used in dress. They
were sometimes formed into small images. Hence, =aglet baby=
(Shak.), an aglet image.
2. (Haberdashery) A round white staylace.
AOgley6 (?), adv. Aside; askew. [Scotch]
AOglim6mer (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glimmer.] In a
glimmering state.
AOglit6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glitter.] Clittering;
in a glitter.
AOglos6sal (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Zo.l.) Without tongue;
AOglow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glow.] In a glow;
glowing; as, cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow.
Ag7luOti6tion (?), n. [Pref. aO not + L. glutire to
swallow.] (Med.) Inability to swallow.
Ag6miOnal (?), a. [L. agminalis; agmen, agminis, a train.]
Pertaining to an army marching, or to a train. [R.]
Ag6miOnate (?), Ag6miOna7ted (?), } a. [L. agmen, agminis, a
train, crowd.] (Physiol.) Grouped together; as, the
agminated glands of Peyer in the small intestine. 
Ag6nail (?), n. [AS.; ange vexation, trouble + n.gel
nail. Cf. Hangnail.] 1. A corn on the toe or foot. [Obs.]
2. An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a
Ag6nate (?), a. [L. agnatus, p. p. of agnasci to be born in
addition to; ad + nasci (for gnasci) to be born. Cf.
Adnate.] 1. Related or akin by the father's side; also,
sprung from the same male ancestor.
2. Allied; akin. =Agnate words.8
Assume more or less of a fictitious character, but congenial
and agnate with the former.
Ag6nate, n. [Cf. F. agnat.] (Civil Law) A relative whose
relationship can be traced exclusively through males.
AgOnat6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. agnatique.] Pertaining to descent
by the male line of ancestors. =The agnatic succession.8
AgOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnatio: cf. F. agnation.] 1. (Civil
Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished
from cognation.

2. Relationship; kinship by descent; as, an agnation between
the Latin language and the German.
AgOni6tion (?), n. [L. agnitio, fr. agnoscere. See Notion.]
Acknowledgment. [Obs.]
AgOnize6 (?), v. t. [Formed like recognize, fr. L.
agnoscere.] To recognize; to acknowledge. [Archaic]
I do agnize a natural and prompt alacrity.
Ag7noiOol6Ogy (?), n. [Gr. ? ignorance + Ology.] (Metaph.)
The doctrine concerning those things of which we are
necessarily ignorant.
X AgOno6men (?), n. [L.; ad + nomen name.] 1. An additional
or fourth name given by the Romans, or account of some
remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio
2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as,
Aristides the Just.
AgOnom6iOnate (?), v. t. To name. [Obs.]
AgOnom7iOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnominatio. See Agnomen.] 1. A
surname. [R.]
2. Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.
AgOnos6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? knowing, ? to know.]
Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic; pertaining to
or involving agnosticism. P AgOnos6ticOalOly (?), adv.
AgOnos6tic, n. One who professes ignorance, or denies that
we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports
agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of
a personal Deity, a future life, etc.
5 A name first suggested by Huxley in 1869.
AgOnos6tiOcism (?), n. That doctrine which, professing
ignorance, neither asserts nor denies. Specifically:
(Theol.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal
Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor
disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind
(as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because
of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical
and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as
taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); P opposed alike
dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.
X Ag6nus (?), n.; pl. E. Agnuses (?); L. Agni (?). [L., a
lamb.] Agnus Dei.
X Ag6nus cas6tus (?). [Gr. ? a willowlike tree, used at a
religious festival; confused with ? holy, chaste.] (Bot.) A
species of Vitex (V. agnus castus); the chaste tree.
And wreaths of agnus castus others bore.
X Ag6nus De6i (?). [L., lamb of God.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A
figure of a lamb bearing a cross or flag. (b) A cake of wax
stamped with such a figure. It is made from the remains of
the paschal candles and blessed by the Pope. (c) A triple
prayer in the sacrifice of the Mass, beginning with the
words =Agnus Dei.8
AOgo6 (?), a. & adv. [OE. ago, agon, p. p. of agon to go
away, pass by, AS. >g>n to pass away; >O (cf. Goth. usO,
Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + g>n to go. See Go.] Past;
gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago.
AOgog6 (?), a. & adv. [Cf. F. gogue fun, perhaps of Celtic
origin.] In eager desire; eager; astir.
All agog to dash through thick and thin.
AOgo6ing (?), adv. [Pref. aO + p. pr. of go.] In motion; in
the act of going; as, to set a mill agoing.
X Ag6on (?), n.; pl. Agones (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to lead.]
(gr. Antiq.) A contest for a prize at the public games.
AOgone6 (?), a. & adv. Ago. [Archaic & Poet.]
Three days agone I fell sick.
1 Sam. xxx. 13.
A6gone (?), n. [See Agonic.] Agonic line.
AOgon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without angles; ? priv. + ? an
angle.] Not forming an angle.
w line (Physics), an imaginary line on the earth's surface
passing through those places where the magnetic ?eodle
points to the true north; the line of no magnetic variation.
There is one such line in the Western hemisphere, and
another in the Eastern hemisphere.
Ag6oOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to contend for a prize, fr.
?. See Agon.] Contention for a prize; a contest. [Obs. & R.]
Ag6oOnist (?), n. [Gr. ?.] One who contends for the prize in
public games. [R.]
Ag7oOnis6tic (?), Ag7oOnis6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?. See
Agonism.] Pertaining to violent contests, bodily or mental;
pertaining to athletic or polemic feats; athletic;
combative; hence, strained; unnatural.
As a scholar, he [Dr. Parr] was brilliant, but he consumed
his power in agonistic displays.
De Quincey.
Ag7oOnis6ticOalOly, adv. In an agonistic manner.
Ag7oOnis6tics (?), n. The science of athletic combats, or
contests in public games.
Ag6oOnize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Agonized (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Agonizing (?).] [F. agoniser, LL. agonizare, fr. Gr.
?. See Agony.] 1. To writhe with agony; to suffer violent
To smart and agonize at every pore.
2. To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately.
Ag6oOnize, v. t. To cause to suffer agony; to subject to
extreme pain; to torture.
He agonized his mother by his behavior.
Ag6oOni7zingOly (?), adv. With extreme anguish or desperate
Ag6oOnoOthete7 (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? to set. appoint.]
[Antiq.] An officer who presided over the great public games
in Greece.
Ag7oOnoOthet6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to the office of
an agonothete.
Ag6oOny (?), n.; pl. Agonies (?). [L. agonia, Gr. ?, orig. a
contest, fr. ?: cf. F. agonie. See Agon.] 1. Violent contest
or striving.
The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations.
2. Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of
the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in
Greece; and hence, extreme pain of mind or body; anguish;
paroxysm of grief; specifically, the sufferings of Christ in
the garden of Gethsemane.
Being in an agony he prayed more earnestly.
Luke xxii. 44.
3. Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.
With cries and agonies of wild delight.
4. The last struggle of life; death struggle.
Syn. P Anguish; torment; throe; distress; pangs; suffering.
P Agony, Anguish, Pang. These words agree in expressing
extreme pain of body or mind. Agony denotes acute and
permanent pain, usually of the whole system., and often
producing contortions. Anguish denotes severe pressure, and,
considered as bodily suffering, is more commonly local (as
anguish of a wound), thus differing from agony. A pang is a
paroxysm of excruciating pain. It is severe and transient.
The agonies or pangs of remorse; the anguish of a wounded
conscience. =Oh, sharp convulsive pangs of agonizing 
pride !8
APgood6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + good.] In earnest; heartily.
[Obs.] =I made her weep agood.8 
X Ag6oOra (?), n. [Gr. ?.] An assembly; hence, the place of
assembly, especially the market place, in an ancient Greek
X AOgou6aOra (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) The crabPeating
raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts
of America.
X AOgou6ta (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) A small
insectivorous mammal (Solenodon paradoxus), allied to the
moles, found only in Hayti.
AOgou6ti, AOgou6ty } (?), n. [F. agouti, acouti, Sp. aguti,
fr. native name.] (Zo.l.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta,
about the size of a rabbit, peculiar to South America and
the West Indies. The most common species is the Dasyprocta
AOgrace6 (?), n. & v. See Aggrace. [Obs.]
AOgraffe6 (?), n. [F. agrafe, formerly agraffe, OF. agrappe.
See Agrappes.] 1. A hook or clasp.
The feather of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an
agraffe set with brilliants.
Sir W. Scott.
2. A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is
so held as to limit the vibration.
AOgram6maOtist (?), n. [Gr. ? illiterate; ? priv. + ?
letters, fr. ? to write.] A illiterate person. [Obs.]
X AOgraph6iOa (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to write.] The
absence or loss of the power of expressing ideas by written
signs. It is one form of aphasia.
AOgrah6ic (?), a. Characterized by agraphia.
AOgrappes6 (?), n. pl. [OF. agrappe, F. agrafe; a + grappe
(see Grape) fr. OHG. kr>pfo hook.] Hooks and eyes for armor,
AOgra6riOan (?), a. [L. agrarius, fr. ager field.] 1.
Pertaining to fields, or lands, or their tenure; esp.,
relating to am equal or equitable division of lands; as, the
agrarian laws of Rome, which distributed the conquered and
other public lands among citizens.
His Grace's landed possessions are irresistibly inviting to
an agrarian experiment.
2. (Bot.) Wild; P said of plants growing in the fields.
AOgra6riOan, n. 1. One in favor of an equal division of
landed property.
2. An ~ law. [R.]
An equal agrarian is perpetual law.
AOgra6riOanOism (?), n. An equal or equitable division of
landed property; the principles or acts of those who favor a
redistribution of land.
AOgra6riOanOize (?), v. t. To distribute according to, or to
imbue with, the principles of agrarianism.
AOgre6, AOgree6 } (?), adv. [F. . gr.. See Agree.] In good
part; kindly. [Obs.] 
Rom. of R.
AOgree6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Agreed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Agreeing.] [F. to accept or receive kindly, fr. .
gr.; . (L. ad) + gr. good will, consent, liking, fr. L.
gratus pleasing, agreeable. See Grateful.] 1. To harmonize
in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or
concord; to be or become united or consistent; to concur;
as, all parties agree in the expediency of the law.
If music and sweet poetry agree.
Their witness agreed not together.
Mark xiv. 56.
The more you agree together, the less hurt can your enemies
do you.
Sir T. Browne.
2. To yield assent; to accede; P followed by to; as, to
agree to an offer, or to opinion.
3. To make a stipulation by way of settling differences or
determining a price; to exchange promises; to come to terms
or to a common resolve; to promise.
Agree with thine adversary quickly.
Matt. v. 25.
Didst not thou agree with me for a penny ?
Matt. xx. 13.
4. To be conformable; to resemble; to coincide; to
correspond; as, the picture does not agree with the
original; the two scales agree exactly.
5. To suit or be adapted in its effects; to do well; as, the
same food does not agree with every constitution. 
6. (Gram.) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person.
5 The auxiliary forms of to be are often employed with the
participle agreed. =The jury were agreed.8 Macaulay. =Can
two walk together, except they be agreed ?8 Amos iii. 3. The
principal intransitive uses were probably derived from the
transitive verb used reflexively. =I agree me well to your
Ld. Berners.
Syn. - To assent; concur; consent; acquiesce; accede;
engage; promise; stipulate; contract; bargain; correspond;
harmonize; fit; tally; coincide; comport.
AOgree6 (?), v. t. 1. To make harmonious; to reconcile or
make friends. [Obs.]
2. To admit, or come to one mind concerning; to settle; to
arrange; as, to agree the fact; to agree differences. [Obs.
or Archaic.]
AOgree7aObil6iOty (?), n. [OF. agreablete.] 1. Easiness of
disposition. [Obs.]
2. The quality of being, or making one's self, agreeable;
AOgree6aOble (?), a. [F.] 1. Pleasing, either to
the mind or senses; pleasant; grateful; as, agreeable
manners or remarks; an agreeable person; fruit agreeable to
the taste.
A train of agreeable reveries.
2. Willing; ready to agree or consent. [Colloq.]
These Frenchmen give unto the said captain of Calais a great
sum of money, so that he will be but content and agreeable
that they may enter into the said town.
3. Agreeing or suitable; conformable; correspondent;
concordant; adapted; P followed by to, rarely by with.
That which is agreeable to the nature of one thing, is many
times contrary to the nature of another.
4. In pursuance, conformity, or accordance; P in this sense
used adverbially for agreeably; as, agreeable to the order
of the day, the House took up the report.
Syn. P Pleasing; pleasant; welcome; charming; acceptable;
amiable. See Pleasant.
AOgree6aObleOness, n. 1. The quality of being agreeable or
pleasing; that quality which gives satisfaction or moderate
pleasure to the mind or senses.
That author... has an agreeableness that charms us.
2. The quality of being agreeable or suitable; suitableness
or conformity; consistency.
The agreeableness of virtuous actions to human nature.
3. Resemblance; concordance; harmony; P with to or between.
The agreeableness between man and the other parts of the
AOgree6aObly, adv. 1. In an agreeably manner; in a manner to
give pleasure; pleasingly. =Agreeably entertained.8
2. In accordance; suitably; consistently; conformably; P
followed by to and rarely by with. See Agreeable, 4.
The effect of which is, that marriages grow less frequent,
agreeably to the maxim above laid down.
3. Alike; similarly. [Obs.]
Both clad in shepherds' weeds agreeably.
AOgree6ingOly, adv. In an agreeing manner (to);
correspondingly; agreeably. [Obs.]
AOgree6ment (?), ?. [Cf. F. agr.ment.] 1. State of agreeing;
harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character;
concurrence; concord; conformity; as, a good agreement
subsists among the members of the council.
What agreement hath the temple of God with idols ?
2 Cor. vi. 16.
Expansion and duration have this further agreement.
2. (Gram.) Concord or correspondence of one word with
another in gender, number, case, or person.
3. (Law) (a) A concurrence in an engagement that something
shall be done or omitted; an exchange of promises; mutual
understanding, arrangement, or stipulation; a contract. (b)
The language, oral or written, embodying reciprocal
Abbott. Brande & C.
Syn. - Bargain; contract; compact; stipulation.
AOgre6er (?), n. One who agrees.
AOgres6tic (?), a. [L. agrestis, fr. ager field.] Pertaining
to fields or the country, in opposition to the city; rural;
rustic; unpolished; uncouth. =Agrestic behavior.8
AOgres6ticOal (?), a. Agrestic. [Obs.]
AOgric7oOla6tion (?), n. [L., agricolatio.] Agriculture.
AOgric6oOlist (?), n. A cultivator of the soil; an
Ag6riOcul7tor (?), n. [L., fr. ager field + cultor
cultivator.] An agriculturist; a farmer. [R.]
Ag7riOcul6turOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to agriculture;
connected with, or engaged in, tillage; as, the agricultural
class; agricultural implements, wages, etc. P
Ag7riOcul6turOalOly, adv.
w ant (Zo.l.), a species of ant which gathers and stores
seeds of grasses, for food. The remarkable species (Myrmica
barbata) found in Texas clears circular areas and carefully
cultivates its favorite grain, known as ant rice.
Ag7riOcul6turOalOist, n. An agriculturist (which is the
preferred form.)
Ag6riOcul7ture (?; 135), n. [L. agricultura; ager field +
cultura cultivation: cf. F. agriculture. See Acre and
Culture.] The art or science of cultivating the ground,
including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and
management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming.
Ag7riOcul6turOism (?), n. Agriculture. [R.]
Ag7riOcul6turOist, n. One engaged or skilled in agriculture;
a husbandman.
The farmer is always a practitioner, the agriculturist may
be a mere theorist.
AOgrief6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + grief.] In grief; amiss.
Ag6riOmoOny (?), n. [OE. agremoyne, OF. aigremoine, L.
agrimonia for argemonia, fr. Gr. ?.] (Bot.) (a) A genus of
plants of the Rose family. (b) The name is also given to
various other plants; as, hemp agrimony (Eupatorium
cannabinum); water agrimony (Bidens).
5 The Agrimonia eupatoria, or common ~, a perennial herb
with a spike of yellow flowers, was once esteemed as a
medical remedy, but is now seldom used.

AOgrin6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + grin.] In the act of
grinning. =His visage all agrin.8

Ag7riOol6oOgist (?), n. One versed or engaged in agriology.
Ag7riOol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? wild, savage + Ology.]
Description or comparative study of the customs of savage or
uncivilized tribes.
AOgrise6 (?), v. i. [AS. >grFsan to dread; >O (cf. Goth.
usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + grFsan, for gr?san (only
in comp.), akin to OHG. gr?is?n, G. grausen, to shudder. See
Grisly.] To shudder with terror; to tremble with fear.
AOgrise6, v. t. 1. To shudder at; to abhor; to dread; to
loathe. [Obs.]
2. To terrify; to affright. [Obs.]
His manly face that did his foes agrise.
X A6grom (?), n. [Native name.] (Med.) A disease occurring
in Bengal and other parts of the East Indies, in which the
tongue chaps and cleaves.
Ag7roOnom6ic (?), Ag7roOnom6icOal (?), } [Cf. F.
agronomique.] Pertaining to agronomy, of the management of
Ag7roOnom6ics (?), n. The science of the distribution and
management of land.
AOgron6oOmist (?), n. One versed in agronomy; a student of
AOgron6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ? rural; as a noun, an overseer of
the public lands; ? field + ? usage, ? to deal out, manage:
cf. F. agronomie.] The management of land; rural economy;
AOgrope6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + grope.] In the act of
Mrs. Browning.
X AOgros6tis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] A genus of grasses,
including species called in common language bent grass. Some
of them, as redtop (Agrostis vulgaris), are valuable pasture
AOgros7toOgraph6ic (?), AOgros7toOgraph6icOal (?), } a. [Cf.
F. agrostographique.] Pertaining to agrostography.
Ag7rosOtog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ography.] A description
of the grasses.
AOgros7toOlog6ic (?), AOgros7toOlog6icOal (?), } a.
Pertaining to agrostology.
Ag7rosOtol6oOgist (?), n. One skilled in agrostology.
Ag7rosOtol6ogy (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ology.] That part of botany
which treats of the grasses.
AOground6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + ground.] On the ground;
stranded; P a nautical term applied to a ship when its
bottom lodges on the ground.
AOgroup6ment (?), n. See Aggroupment.
Ag7rypOnot6ic (?), n. [Gr. ? sleepless; ? to chase, search
for + ? sleep: cf. F. agrypnotique.] Anything which prevents
sleep, or produces wakefulness, as strong tea or coffee.
X A7guarOdiOen6te (?), n. [Sp., contr. of agua ardiente
burning water (L. aqua water + ardens burning).] 1. A
inferior brandy of Spain and Portugal.
2. A strong alcoholic drink, especially pulque. [Mexico and
Spanish America.]
A6gue (?), n. [OE. agu, ague, OF. agu, F. aigu, sharp, OF.
fem. ague, LL. (febris) acuta, a sharp, acute fever, fr. L.
acutus sharp. See Acute.] 1. An acute fever. [Obs.]
=Brenning agues.8
P. Plowman.
2. (Med.) An intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold
and hot fits.
3. The cold fit or rigor of the intermittent fever; as,
fever and ague.
4. A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold. 
w cake, an enlargement of the spleen produced by ~. P w
drop, a solution of the arsenite of potassa used for ~. P w
fit, a fit of the ~. Shak. P w spell, a spell or charm
against ~. Gay. P w tree, the sassafras, P sometimes so
called from the use of its root formerly, in cases of ~.
A6gue, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agued (?).] To strike with an ~,
or with a cold fit.
AOguilt6 (?), v. t. To be guilty of; to offend; to sin
against; to wrong. [Obs.]

AOguise6 (?), n. Dress. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AOguise6, v. t. [Pref aO + guise.] To dress; to attire; to
adorn. [Obs.]
Above all knights ye goodly seem aguised.
A6guOish (?), a. 1. Having the qualities of an ague;
somewhat cold or shivering; chilly; shaky. 
Her aguish love now glows and burns.
2. Productive of, or affected by, ague; as, the aguish
districts of England.
T. Arnold.
P A6guOishOly, adv. P A6guOishOness, n.
AOgush6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gush.] In a gushing
Ag6yOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? woman.] (Bot.) Without
female organs; male.
Ah (?), interj. [OE. a: cf. OF. a, F. ah, L. ah, Gr. ?, Sk.
>, Icel. ., OHG. >, Lith. , .] An exclamation, expressive
of surprise, pity, complaint, entreaty, contempt,
threatening, delight, triumph, etc., according to the manner
of utterance.
AOha6 (?), interj. [Ah, interj. + ha.] An exclamation
expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with
derision or irony, or simple surprise.
AOha6, n. A sunk fence. See HaPha.
AOhead6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + head.] 1. In or to the front;
in advance; onward.
The island bore but a little ahead of us.
2. Headlong; without restraint. [Obs.]

To go ~. (a) To go in advance. (b) To go on onward. (c) To
push on in an enterprise. [Colloq.] P To get ~ of. (a) To
get in advance of. (b) To surpass; to get the better of.
AOheap6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + heap.] In a heap; huddled
AOheight6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + height.] Aloft; on high.
[Obs.] =Look up aheight.8
AOhem6 (?), interj. An exclamation to call one's attention;
AOhey6 (?), interj. Hey; ho.
AOhigh6 (?), adv. On high. [Obs.]
AOhold6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + hold.] Near the wind; as, to
lay a ship ahold. [Obs.]
AOhorse6back (?), adv. On horseback.
Two suspicious fellows ahorseback.
AOhoy6 (?), interj. [OE. a, interj. + hoy.] (Naut.) A term
used in hailing; as, =Ship ahoy.8
X Ah6riOman (?), n. [Per.] The Evil Principle or Being of
the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to
Ormuzd, the King of Light.
X A6hu (?), n. [Native name.] (Zo.l.) The Asiatic gazelle.
AOhull6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO = hull.] (Naut.) With the sails
furled, and the helm lashed alee; P applied to ships in a
storm. See Hull, n.
AOhun6gered (?), a. [Pref. aO + hungered.] Pinched with
hunger; very hungry.
C. Bront..
A6i (?), n.; pl. Ais (?). [Braz. a., ha., from the animal's
cry: cf. F. a..] (Zo.l.) The threePtoed sloth (Bradypus
tridactylus) of South America. See Sloth.
X Ai6blins, A6blins (?), adv. [See Able.] Perhaps; possibly.
Aich's met6al (?). A kind of gun metal, containing copper,
zinc, and iron, but no tin.
Aid (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aided (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Aiding.] [F. aider, OF. aidier, fr. L. adjutare to help,
freq. of adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help. Cf.
Adjutant.] To support, either by furnishing strength or
means in co.peration to effect a purpose, or to prevent or
to remove evil; to help; to assist.
You speedy helpers...
Appear and aid me in this enterprise.
Syn. - To help; assist; support; sustain; succor; relieve;
befriend; co.perate; promote. See Help.
Aid, n. [F. aide, OF., a.e, fr. the verb. See Aid, v.
t.] 1. Help; succor; assistance; relief.
An unconstitutional mode of obtaining aid.
2. The person or thing that promotes or helps in something
done; a helper; an assistant.
It is not good that man should be alone; let us make unto
him an aid like unto himself.
Tobit viii. 6.
3. (Eng. Hist.) A subsidy granted to the king by Parliament;
also, an exchequer loan.
4. (Feudal Law) A pecuniary tribute paid by a vassal to his
lord on special occasions.
5. An ~PdePcamp, so called by abbreviation; as, a general's
w prayer (Law), a proceeding by which a defendant beseeches
and claims assistance from some one who has a further or
more permanent interest in the matter in suit. P To pray in
~, to beseech and claim such assistance.
Aid6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. aidance.] Aid. [R.]
Aidance 'gainst the enemy.
Aid6ant (?), a. [Cf. F. aidant, p. pr. of aider to help.]
Helping; helpful; supplying aid.
Aid6PdePcamp7 (?), n.; pl. AidsPdePcamp. (?). [F. aide de
camp (literally) camp assistant.] (Mil.) An officer selected
by a general to carry orders, also to assist or represent
him in correspondence and in directing movements.
Aid6er (?), n. One who, or that which, aids.
Aid6ful (?), a. Helpful. [Archaic.]
Bp. Hall. 
Aid6less, a. Helpless; without aid.
Aid6Pma7jor (?), n. The adjutant of a regiment.
Ai6el (?), n. See Ayle. [Obs.]
Aig6let (?), n. Same as Aglet.
Ai6gre (?), a. [F. See Eager.] Sour. [Obs.]
X Ai6greOmore (?), n. [F. origin unknown.] Charcoal prepared
for making powder.
Ai6gret (?), AiOgrette (?), } n. [F., a sort of white heron,
with a tuft of feathers on its head; a tuft of feathers;
dim. of the same word as heron. See Heron, and cf. Egret,
Egrette.] 1. (Zo.l.) The small white European heron. See
2. A plume or tuft for the head composed of feathers, or of
gems, etc.
3. A tuft like that of the egret. (Bot.) A feathery crown of
seed; egret; as, the aigrette or down of the dandelion or
the thistle.
X Ai7guille6 (?), n. [F., a needle. See Aglet.] 1. A
needlePshaped peak.
2. An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.
Ai7guilOlette6 (?), n. [F. See Aglet.] 1. A point or tag at
the end of a fringe or lace; an aglet.
2. One of the ornamental tags, cords, or loops on some
military and naval uniforms.
Ai6guOlet (?), n. See Aglet.
Ail (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ailed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Ailing.] [OE. eilen, ailen, AS. eglan to trouble, pain; akin
to Goth. usPagljan to distress, agls troublesome, irksome,
aglo, aglitha, pain, and prob. to E. awe. ?.] To affect with
pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental; to trouble;
to be the matter with; P used to express some uneasiness or
affection, whose cause is unknown; as, what ails the man? I
know not what ails him.
What aileth thee, Hagar?
Gen. xxi. 17.
5 It is never used to express a specific disease. We do not
say, a fever ails him; but, something ails him.
Ail, v. i. To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any
sort; to be ill or indisposed or in trouble.
When he ails ever so little... he is so peevish.
Ail, n. Indisposition or morbid affection.
AiOlan6thus (?), n. Same as Ailantus.
AiOlan6tus (?), n. [From aylanto, i. e., tree of heaven, the
name of the tree in the Moluccas.] (Bot.) A genus of
beautiful trees, natives of the East Indies. The tree
imperfectly di?cious, and the staminate or male plant is
very offensive when blossom.
AiOlette (?), n. [F. ailette, dim. of aile wing, L. ala.] A
small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of
knights, P being the prototype of the modern epaulet.
Ail6ment (?), n. Indisposition; morbid affection of the
body; P not applied ordinarily to acute diseases. =Little
X Ai7luOroid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? cat + Ooid.]
(Zo.l.) A group of the Carnivora, which includes the cats,
civets, and hyenas.
Aim (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aimed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Aiming.] [OE. amen, aimen, eimen, to guess at, to estimate,
to aim, OF. esmer, asmer, fr. L. aestimare to estimate; or
perh. fr. OF. aesmer; ? (L. ad) + esmer. See Estimate.] 1.
To point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which
propels as missile, towards an object or spot with the
intent of hitting it; as, to aim at a fox, or at a target.
2. To direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the
accomplishment of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; P
followed by at, or by an infinitive; as, to aim at
distinction; to aim to do well.
Aim'st thou at princes?
3. To guess or conjecture. [Obs.]
Aim, v. t. To direct or point, as a weapon, at a particular
object; to direct, as a missile, an act, or a proceeding,
at, to, or against an object; as, to aim a musket or an
arrow, the fist or a blow (at something); to aim a satire or
a reflection (at some person or vice). 
Aim, n. [Cf. OF. esme estimation, fr. esmer. See Aim, v. i.]
1. The pointing of a weapon, as a gun, a dart, or an arrow,
in the line of direction with the object intended to be
struck; the line of fire; the direction of anything, as a
spear, a blow, a discourse, a remark, towards a particular
point or object, with a view to strike or affect it.
Each at the head leveled his deadly aim.

2. The point intended to be hit, or object intended to be
attained or affected.
To be the aim of every dangerous shot.
3. Intention; purpose; design; scheme.
How oft ambitious aims are crossed!
4. Conjecture; guess. [Obs.]
What you would work me to, I have some aim.
To cry ~ (Archery), to encourage. [Obs.]
Syn. - End; object; scope; drift; design; purpose;
intention; scheme; tendency; aspiration.
Aim6er (?), n. One who aims, directs, or points.
Aim6less, a. Without aim or purpose; as, an aimless life. P
Aim6lessOly, adv. P Aim6lessOness, n.
Ai6no (?), n. [Said to be the native name for man.] One of a
peculiar race inhabiting Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., in
the northern part of the empire of Japan, by some supposed
to have been the progenitors of the Japanese. The Ainos are
stout and short, with hairy bodies.
Ain't (?). A contraction for are not and am not; also used
for is not. [Colloq. or llliterate speech] See An't.
Air (?), n. [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a r, fr. Gr. ?, ~,
mist, for ?, fr. root ? to blow, breathe, probably akin to
E. wind. In sense 10 the French has taking a meaning fr. It.
aria atmosphere, ~, fr. the same Latin word; and in senses
11, 12, 13 the French meaning is either fr. L. aria, or due
to confusion with F. aire, in an older sense of origin,
descent. Cf. A?ry, Debonair, Malaria, Wind.] 1. The fluid
which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth; the
atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid,
transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable. 
5 By the ancient philosophers, air was regarded as an
element; but modern science has shown that it is essentially
a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, with a small amount of
carbon dioxide, the average proportions being, by volume:
oxygen, 20.96 per cent.; nitrogen, 79.00 per cent.; carbon
dioxide, 0.04 per cent. These proportions are subject to a
very slight variability. w also always contains some vapor
of water.
2. Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or
volatile. =Charm ache with air.8
He was still all air and fire. Macaulay. [Air and fire being
the finer and quicker elements as opposed to earth and
3. A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat,
cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as, a
smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.
4. Any a riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly called
vital air. [Obs.]
5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.
Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play.
6. Odoriferous or contaminated ~.
7. That which surrounds and influences.
The keen, the wholesome air of poverty.
8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.
You gave it air before me.
9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.]
10. (Mus.) (a) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically
developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a
symmetrical and balanced whole, which may be sung by a
single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to
plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody; a tune;
an aria. (b) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs,
etc., the part which bears the tune or melody P in modern
harmony usually the upper part P is sometimes called the
11. The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person;
mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a lofty
air. =His very air.8
12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance;
manner; style.
It was communicated with the air of a secret.
12. pl. An artificial or affected manner; show of

pride or vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he
puts on airs.
14. (Paint.) (a) The representation or reproduction of the
effect of the atmospheric medium through which every object
in nature is viewed. New Am. Cyc. (b) Carriage; attitude;
action; movement; as, the head of that portrait has a good
15. (Man.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.
5 Air is much used adjectively or as the first part of a
compound term. In most cases it might be written
indifferently, as a separate limiting word, or as the first
element of the compound term, with or without the hyphen;
as, air bladder, airPbladder, or airbladder; air cell,
airPcell, or aircell; airPpump, or airpump.
w balloon. See Balloon. P w bath. (a) An apparatus for the
application of ~ to the body. (b) An arrangement for drying
substances in ~ of any desired temperature. P w castle. See
Castle in the air, under Castle. P w compressor, a machine
for compressing ~ to be used as a motive power. P w
crossing, a passage for ~ in a mine. P w cushion, an ~Ptight
cushion which can be inflated; also, a device for arresting
motion without shock by confined ~. P w fountain, a
contrivance for producing a jet of water by the force of
compressed ~. P w furnace, a furnace which depends on a
natural draft and not on blast. P w line, a straight line; a
bee line. Hence wPline, adj.; airPline road. P w lock (Hydr.
Engin.), an intermediate chamber between the outer ~ and the
compressedP~ chamber of a pneumatic caisson. Knight. P w
port (Nav.), a scuttle or porthole in a ship to admit ~. P w
spring, a spring in which the elasticity of ~ is utilized. P
w thermometer, a form of thermometer in which the
contraction and expansion of ~ is made to measure changes of
temperature. P w threads, gossamer. P ~ trap, a contrivance
for shutting off foul ~ or gas from drains, sewers, etc.; a
stench trap. P w trunk, a pipe or shaft for conducting foul
or heated ~ from a room. P w valve, a valve to regulate the
admission or egress of ~; esp. a valve which opens inwardly
in a steam boiler and allows ~ to enter. P w way, a passage
for a current of ~; as the air way of an ~ pump; an air way
in a mine. P In the ~. (a) Prevalent without traceable
origin or authority, as rumors. (b) Not in a fixed or stable
position; unsettled. (c) (Mil.) Unsupported and liable to be
turned or taken in flank; as, the army had its wing in the
air. P To take ~, to be divulged; to be made public. P To
take the ~, to go abroad; to walk or ride out.
Air (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aired (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Airing.] [See Air, n., and cf. A?rate.] 1. To expose to the
~ for the purpose of cooling, refreshing, or purifying; to
ventilate; as, to air a room.
It were good wisdom... that the jail were aired.
Were you but riding forth to air yourself.
2. To expose for the sake of public notice; to display
ostentatiously; as, to air one's opinion.
Airing a snowy hand and signet gem.
3. To expose to heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness,
or of warming; as, to air linen; to air liquors.
Air6 bed7 (?). A sack or matters inflated with air, and used
as a bed.
Air6 blad7der (?). 1. (Anat.) An air sac, sometimes double
or variously lobed, in the visceral cavity of many fishes.
It originates in the same way as the lungs of airPbreathing
vertebrates, and in the adult may retain a tubular
connection with the pharynx or esophagus.
2. A sac or bladder full of air in an animal or plant; also
an air hole in a casting.
Air6 brake7 (?). (Mach.) A railway brake operated by
condensed air.
Air6Pbuilt7 (?), a. Erected in the air; having no solid
foundation; chimerical; as, an airPbuilt castle.
Air6 cell7 (?). 1. (Bot.) A cavity in the cellular tissue of
plants, containing air only.
2. (Anat.) A receptacle of air in various parts of the
system; as, a cell or minute cavity in the walls of the air
tubes of the lungs; the air sac of birds; a dilatation of
the air vessels in insects.
Air6 cham7ber (?). 1. A chamber or cavity filled with air,
in an animal or plant.
2. A cavity containing air to act as a spring for equalizing
the flow of a liquid in a pump or other hydraulic machine.
Air6 cock7 (?). A faucet to allow escape of air.
Air6Pdrawn6 (?), a. Drawn in air; imaginary.
This is the airPdrawn dagger.
Air6 drill7 (?). A drill driven by the elastic pressure of
condensed air; a pneumatic drill.
Air6 engine7 (?). An engine driven by heated or by
compressed air.
Air6er (?), n. 1. One who exposes to the air.
2. A frame on which clothes are aired or dried.
Air6 gas7 (?). See under Gas.
Air6 gun7 (?). A kind of gun in which the elastic force of
condensed air is used to discharge the ball. The air is
powerfully compressed into a reservoir attached to the gun,
by a condensing pump, and is controlled by a valve actuated
by the trigger.
Air6 hole7 (?). 1. A hole to admit or discharge air;
specifically, a spot in the ice not frozen over.
2. (Founding) A fault in a casting, produced by a bubble of
air; a blowhole.
Air6iOly (?), adv. In an airy manner; lightly; gaily;
jauntily; fippantly.
Air6iOness, n. 1. The state or quality of being airy;
openness or exposure to the air; as, the airiness of a
country seat.
2. Lightness of spirits; gayety; levity; as, the airiness of
young persons.
Air6ing (?), n. 1. A walk or a ride in the open air; a short
excursion for health's sake.
2. An exposure to air, or to a fire, for warming, drying,
etc.; as, the airing of linen, or of a room.
Air6 jack7et (?). A jacket having airPtight cells, or
cavities which can be filled with air, to render persons
buoyant in swimming.
Air6less (?), a. Not open to a free current of air; wanting
fresh air, or communication with the open air.
Air6 lev7el (?). Spirit level. See Level.
Air6like7 (?), a. Resembling air.
Air6ling (?), n. A thoughtless, gay person. [Obs.] =Slight
B. Jonson.
AirOom6eOter (?), n. [Air + Ometer.] A hollow cylinder to
contain air. It is closed above and open below, and has its
open end plunged into water.
Air6 pipe7 (?). A pipe for the passage of air; esp. a
ventilating pipe.
Air6 plant7 (?). (Bot.) A plant deriving its sustenance from
the air alone; an a rophyte.
5 The =Florida moss8 (Tillandsia), many tropical orchids,
and most mosses and lichens are air plants. Those which are
lodged upon trees, but not parasitic on them, are epiphytes.
Air6 poise7 (?). [See Poise.] A? ? measure the weight of
Air6 pump7 (?). 1. (Physics) A kind of pump for exhausting
air from a vessel or closed space; also, a pump to condense
air of force in into a closed space.
2. (Steam Engines) A pump used to exhaust from a condenser
the condensed steam, the water used for condensing, and any
commingled air.
Air6 sac7 (?). (Anat.) One of the spaces in different parts.
of the bodies of birds, which are filled with air and
connected with the air passages of the lungs; an air cell.
Air6 shaft7 (?). A passage, usually vertical, for admitting
fresh air into a mine or a tunnel.
Air6Pslacked7 (?), a. Slacked, or pulverized, by exposure to
the air; as, airPslacked lime.
Air6 stove7 (?). A stove for heating a current of air which
is directed against its surface by means of pipes, and then
distributed through a building. 
Air6Ptight7 (?), a. So tight as to be impermeable to air;
as, an airPtight cylinder.
Air6Ptight7, n. A stove the draft of which can be almost
entirely shut off. [Colloq. U. S.]
Air6 ves7sel (?). A vessel, cell, duct, or tube containing
or conducting air; as the air vessels of insects, birds,
plants, etc.; the air vessel of a pump, engine, etc. For the
latter, see Air chamber. The air vessels of insects are
called trache., of plants spiral vessels.
Air6ward (?), Air6wards (?), } adv. Toward the air; upward.
Air6y (?), a. 1. Consisting of air; as, an airy substance;
the airy parts of bodies.
2. Relating or belonging to air; high in air; a rial; as, an
airy flight. =The airy region.8

3. Open to a free current of air; exposed to the air;
breezy; as, an airy situation.
4. Resembling air; thin; unsubstantial; not material;
airlike. =An airy spirit.8
5. Relating to the spirit or soul; delicate; graceful; as,
airy music.
6. Without reality; having no solid foundation; empty;
trifling; visionary. =Airy fame.8
Empty sound, and airy notions.
7. Light of heart; vivacious; sprightly; flippant;
superficial. =Merry and airy.8
Jer. Taylor.
8. Having an affected manner; being in the habit of putting
on airs; affectedly grand. [Colloq.]
9. (Paint.) Having the light and a rial tints true to
Aisle (?), n. [OF. ele, F. aile, wing, wing of a building,
L. ala, contr. fr. axilla.] (Arch.) (a) A lateral division
of a building, separated from the middle part, called the
nave, by a row of columns or piers, which support the roof
or an upper wall containing windows, called the clearstory
wall. (b) Improperly used also for the have; P as in the
phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle. (c)
Also (perhaps from confusion with alley), a passage into
which the pews of a church open. 
Aisled (?), a. Furnished with an aisle or aisles.
Ais6less (?), a. Without an aisle.
Ait (?), n. [AS. ?, ?, perh. dim. of Feg, Fg, island. See
Eyot.] An islet, or little isle, in a river or lake; an
The ait where the osiers grew.
R. Hodges (1649).
Among green aits and meadows.
Ait (?), n. Oat. [Scot.]
Aitch (?), n. The letter h or H.
Aitch6bone7 (?), n. [For nachebone. For loss of n, cf.
Adder. See Natch.] The bone of the rump; also, the cut of
beef surrounding this bone. [Spelt also edgebone.]
Ai7tiOol6oOgy (?), n. See .tiology.
AOjar6 (?), adv. [OE. on char ~, on the turn; AS. cerr,
cyrr, turn, akin to G. kehren to turn, and to D. akerre. See
Char.] Slightly turned or opened; as, the door was standing
AOjar6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + jar.] In a state of discord;
out of harmony; as, he is ajar with the world.
AOjog6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + jog.] On the jog.
Aj6uOtage (?), n. [F. ajutage, for ajoutage, fr. ajouter to
add, LL. adjuxtare, fr. L. ad + juxta near to, nigh. Cf.
Adjutage, Adjustage, Adjust.] A tube through which is water
is discharged; an efflux tube; as, the ajutage of a
Ake (?), n. & v. See Ache.
AOkene6 (?), n. (Bot.) Same as Achene.
Ak6eOton (?), n. [Obs.] See Acton.
AOkim6bo (?), a. [Etymology unknown. Cf. Kimbo.] With a
crook or bend; with the hand on the hip and elbow turned
outward. =With one arm akimbo.8
AOkin6 (?), a. [Pref. aO (for of) + kin.] 1. Of the same
kin; related by blood; P used of persons; as, the two
families are near akin. 
2. Allied by nature; partaking of the same properties; of
the same kind. =A joy akin to rapture.8
The literary character of the work is akin to its moral
5 This adjective is used only after the noun.
X Ak7iOne6siOa (?), n. [Gr. ? quiescence; ? priv. + ?
motion.] (Med.) Paralysis of the motor nerves; loss of
Ak7iOne6sic (?), a. (med.) Pertaining to akinesia.
AOknee6 (?), adv. On the knee. [R.]
AkOnow6 (?). Earlier form of Acknow. [Obs.]
To be ~, to acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]
Al (?), a. All. [Obs.]

AlO. A prefix. (a) [AS. eal.] All; wholly; completely; as,
almighty,almost. (b) [L. ad.] To; at; on; P in OF. shortened
to aO. See AdO. (c) The Arabic definite article answering to
the English the; as, Alkoran, the Koran or the Book;
alchemy, the chemistry.
Al. conj. Although; if. [Obs.] See All, conj.
X A6la (?), n.; pl. Al. (?). [L., a wing.] (Biol.) A
winglike organ, or part.
Al7aOba6ma pe6riOod (?). (Geol.) A period in the American
eocene, the lowest in the tertiary age except the lignitic.
Al6aObas6ter (?), n. [L. alabaster, Gr. ?, said to be
derived fr. Alabastron, the name of a town in Egypt, near
which it was common: cf. OF. alabastre, F. alb.tre.] 1.
(Min.) (a) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum,
of ??ne texture, and usually white and translucent, but
sometimes yellow, red, or gray. It is carved into vases,
mantel ornaments, etc. (b) A hard, compact variety of
carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of banded shades
of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by
Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster. 
2. A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.;
P so called from the stone of which it was originally made.
Al7aObas6triOan (?), a. Alabastrine.
Al7aObas6trine (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like,
alabaster; as alabastrine limbs.
X Al7aObas6trum (?), n.; pl. Alabastra (?). [NL.] (Bot.) A
flower bud.
AOlack6 (?), interj. [Prob. from ah! lack! OE. lak loss,
failure, misfortune. See Lack.] An exclamation expressive of
sorrow. [Archaic. or Poet.]
AOlack6aOday7 (?), interj. [For alack the day. Cf.
Lackaday.] An exclamation expressing sorrow. 
5 Shakespeare has =alack the day8 and =alack the heavy day.8
Compare =woe worth the day.8
AOlac6riOfy (?), v. t. [L. alacer, alacris, lively + Ofly.]
To rouse to action; to inspirit.
AOlac6riOous (?), a. [L. alacer, alacris.] Brisk; joyously
active; lively.
'T were well if we were a little more alacrious.
AOlac6riOousOly, adv. With alacrity; briskly.
AOlac6riOousOness, n. Alacrity. [Obs.]
AOlac6riOty (?), n. [L. alacritas, fr. alacer lively, eager,
prob. akin to Gr. ? to drive, Goth. aljan zeal.] A cheerful
readiness, willingness, or promptitude; joyous activity;
briskness; sprightliness; as, the soldiers advanced with
alacrity to meet the enemy.
I have not that alacrity of spirit,
Nor cheer of mind that I was wont to have.
AOlad6inOist (?), n. [From Aladin, for Ala Eddin, i. e.,
height of religion, a learned divine under Mohammed II. and
Bajazet II.] One of a sect of freethinkers among the
Al7aOlon6ga (?), or Al7iOlon6ghi (?), n. (Zo.l.) The tunny.
See Albicore.
X A7laOmi6re (?), n. [Compounded of a la mi re, names of
notes in the musical scale.] The lowest note but one in
Guido Aretino's scale of music.
Al7aOmoOdal6iOty (?), n. The quality of being . la mode;
conformity to the mode or fashion; fashionableness. [R.]
Al6aOmode7 (?), adv. & a. [F. . la mode after the fashion.]
According to the fashion or prevailing mode. =Alamode beef
Al6aOmode7, n. A thin, black silk for hoods, scarfs, etc.; P
often called simply mode.
Al7aOmort6 (?), a. [F. . la mort to the death. Cf. Amort.]
To the death; mortally.
AOlan6 (?), n. [OF. alan, alant; cf. Sp. alano.] A
wolfhound. [Obs.]

AOland6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + land.] On land; to the land;
ashore. =Cast aland.8
Sir P. Sidney.
Al6aOnine (?), n. [Aldehyde + the ending Oine. The OanO is a
euphonic insertion.] (Chem.) A white crystalline base,
C3H7NO2, derived from aldehyde ammonia.
AOlan6tin (?), n. [G. alant elecampane, the Inula helenium
of] (Chem.) See Inulin.
A6lar (?), a. [L. alarius, fr. ala wing: cf. F. alaire.] 1.
Pertaining to, or having, wings. 
2. (Bot.) Axillary; in the fork or axil.

AOlarm6 (?), n. [F. alarme, It. all' arme to arms ! fr. L.
arma, pl., arms. See Arms, and cf. Alarum.] 1. A summons to
arms, as on the approach of an enemy.
Arming to answer in a night alarm.
2. Any sound or information intended to give notice of
approaching danger; a warming sound to arouse attention; a
warning of danger.
Sound an alarm in my holy mountain.
Joel ii. 1.
3. A sudden attack; disturbance; broil. [R.] =These home
Thy palace fill with insults and alarms.
4. Sudden surprise with fear or terror excited by
apprehension of danger; in the military use, commonly,
sudden apprehension of being attacked by surprise.
Alarm and resentment spread throughout the camp.
5. A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep,
or rousing their attention; an alarum.
~ bell, a bell that gives notice on danger. P w clock or
watch, a clock or watch which can be so set as to ring or
strike loudly at a prearranged hour, to wake from sleep, or
excite attention. P w gauge, a contrivance attached to a
steam boiler for showing when the pressure of steam is too
high, or the water in the boiler too low. P w post, a place
to which troops are to repair in case of an ~.
Syn. - Fright; affright; terror; trepidation; apprehension;
consternation; dismay; agitation; disquiet; disquietude. P
Alarm, Fright, Terror, Consternation. These words express
different degrees of fear at the approach of danger. Fright
is fear suddenly excited, producing confusion of the senses,
and hence it is unreflecting. Alarm is the hurried agitation
of feeling which springs from a sense of immediate and
extreme exposure. Terror is agitating and excessive fear,
which usually benumbs the faculties. Consternation is
overwhelming fear, and carries a notion of powerlessness and
amazement. Alarm agitates the feelings; terror disorders the
understanding and affects the will; fright seizes on and
confuses the sense; consternation takes possession of the
soul, and subdues its faculties. See Apprehension.
AOlarm6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alarmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Alarming.] [Alarm, n. Cf. F. alarmer.] 1. To call to arms
for defense; to give notice to (any one) of approaching
danger; to rouse to vigilance and action; to put on the
2. To keep in excitement; to disturb.
3. To surprise with apprehension of danger; to fill with
anxiety in regard to threatening evil; to excite with sudden
Alarmed by rumors of military preparation.
AOlarm6aOble (?), a. Easily alarmed or disturbed.
AOlarmed6 (?), a. Aroused to vigilance; excited by fear of
approaching danger; agitated; disturbed; as, an alarmed
neighborhood; an alarmed modesty.
The white pavilions rose and fell
On the alarmed air.
AOlarm6edOly (?), adv. In an alarmed manner.
AOlarm6ing, a. Exciting, or calculated to excite, alarm;
causing apprehension of danger; as, an alarming crisis or
report. P AOlarm6ingOly, adv. 
AOlarm6ist, n. [Cf. F. alarmiste.] One prone to sound or
excite alarms, especially, needless alarms.
AOlar6um (?; 277), n. [OE. alarom, the same word as alarm,
n.] See Alarm. [Now Poetic]
5 The variant form alarum is now commonly restricted to an
alarm signal or the mechanism to sound an alarm (as in an
alarm clock.)
Al6aOry (?), a. [L. alarius, fr. ala wing.] Of or pertaining
to wings; also, wingPshaped.
The alary system of insects.
AOlas6 (?), interj. [OE. alas, allas, OF. alas, F. h.las; a
interj. (L. ah.) + las wretched (that I am), L. lassus
weary, akin to E. late. See Late.] An exclamation expressive
of sorrow, pity, or apprehension of evil; P in old writers,
sometimes followed by day or white; alas the day, like alack
a day, or alas the white. 
AOlate6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + late.] Lately; of late.
There hath been alate such tales spread abroad.
A6late (?), A6laOted (?), } a. [L. alatus, from ala wing.]
Winged; having wings, or side appendages like wings.
Al6aOtern (?), X Al7aOter6nus (?), } n. [L. ala wing + terni
three each.] (Bot.) An ornamental evergreen shrub (Rhamnus
alaternus) belonging to the buckthorns.
AOla6tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. alatus winged.] The state of
being winged.
AOlaunt6 (?), n. See Alan. [Obs.]
Alb (?), n. [OE. albe, LL. alba, fr. L. albus white. Cf.
Album and Aube.] A vestment of white linen, reaching to the
feet, an enveloping the person; P in the Roman Catholic
church, worn by those in holy orders when officiating at
mass. It was formerly worn, at least by clerics, in daily
Al6baOcore (?), n. (Zo.l.) See Albicore.
Al6ban (?), n. [L. albus white.] (Chem.) A white crystalline
resinous substance extracted from guttaPpercha by the action
of alcohol or ether.
AlOba6niOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Albania, a province
of Turkey. P n. A native of Albania.
X AlOba6ta (?), n. [L. albatus, p. p. of albare to make
white, fr. albus white.] A white metallic alloy; which is
made into spoons, forks, teapots, etc. British plate or
German silver. See German silver, under German.
Al6baOtross (?), n. [Corrupt. fr. Pg. alcatraz cormorant, ~,
or Sp. alcatraz a pelican: cf. Pg. alcatruz, Sp. arcaduz, a
bucket, fr. Ar. alPq>dus the bucket, fr. Gr. ?, a water
vessel. So an Arabic term form pelican is waterPcarrier, as
a bird carrying water in its pouch.] (Zo.l.) A web-footed
bird, of the genus Diomedea, of which there are several
species. They are the largest of sea birds, capable of
longPcontinued flight, and are often seen at great distances
from the land. They are found chiefly in the southern
Al7be6, Al7bee6 } (?), conj. [See Albeit.] Although; albeit.
Albe Clarissa were their chiefest founderess.
X AlObe6do (?), n. [L., fr. albus white.] Whiteness.
Specifically: (Astron.) The ratio which the light reflected
from an unpolished surface bears to the total light falling
upon that surface.
Al7be6it (?), conj. [OE. al be although it be, where al is
our all. Cf. Although.] Even though; although;

Albeit so masked, Madam, I love the truth.
Al6bertOite (?), n. (Min.) A bituminous mineral resembling
asphaltum, found in the county of A. ?bert, New Brunswick.
Al6berOtype (?), n. [From the name of the inventor, Albert,
of Munich.] A picture printed from a kind of gelatine plate
produced by means of a photographic negative.
AlObes6cence (?), n. The act of becoming white; whitishness.
AlObes6cent (?), a. [L. albescens, p. pr. of albescere to
grow white, fr. albus white.] Becoming white or whitish;
moderately white.
Al6biOcant (?), a. [L. albicans, p. pr. of albicare,
albicatum, to be white, fr. albus white.] Growing or
becoming white.
Al7biOca6tion (?), n. The process of becoming white, or
developing white patches, or streaks.
Al6biOcore (?), n. [F. albicore (cf. Sp. albacora, Pg.
albacor, albacora, albecora), fr. Ar. bakr, bekr, a young
camel, young cow, heifer, and the article al: cf. Pg. bacoro
a little pig.] (Zo.l.) A name applied to several large
fishes of the Mackerel family, esp. Orcynus alalonga. One
species (Orcynus thynnus), common in the Mediterranean and
Atlantic, is called in New England the horse mackerel; the
tunny. [Written also albacore.]
Al7biOfiOca6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. albification: L. albus
white + ficare (only in comp.), facere, to make.] The act or
process of making white. [Obs.]
Al7biOgen6ses (?), X Al7bi7geois6 (?), } n. pl. [From Albi
and Albigeois, a town and its district in the south of
France, in which the sect abounded.] (Eccl. Hist.) A sect of
reformers opposed to the church of Rome in the 12th
The Albigenses were a branch of the Catharists (the pure).
They were exterminated by crusades and the Inquisition. They
were distinct from the Waldenses.
Al7biOgen6sian (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Albigenses.
AlObi6ness (?), n. A female albino.
Al6biOnism (?), n. The state or condition of being an
albino: abinoism; leucopathy.
Al7biOnis6tic (?), a. Affected with albinism.
AlObi6no (?; 277), n.; pl. Albinos (?). [Sp. or Pg. albino,
orig. whitish, fr. albo white, L. albus.] A person, whether
negro, Indian, or white, in whom by some defect of
organization the substance which gives color to the skin,
hair, and eyes is deficient or in a morbid state. An ~ has a
skin of a milky hue, with hair of the same color, and eyes
with deep red pupil and pink or blue iris. The term is also
used of the lower animals, as white mice, elephants, etc.;
and of plants in a whitish condition from the absence of
Amer. Cyc.
5 The term was originally applied by the Portuguese to
negroes met with on the coast of Africa, who were mottled
with white spots.
AlObi6noOism (?), n. The state or condition of being an
albino; albinism.
Al7biOnot6ic (?), a. Affected with albinism.
Al6biOon (?), n. [Prob. from the same root as Gael. alp a
height or hill. =It may have been bestowed on the land lying
behind the white cliffs visible from the coast of Gaul.
Albany, the old name of Scotland, means probably the =hilly
land.8 I. Taylor.] An ancient name of England, still
retained in poetry.
In that nookPshotten isle of Albion.
Al6bite (?), n. [L. albus white.] (Min.) A mineral of the
feldspar family, triclinic in crystallization, and in
composition a silicate of alumina and soda. It is a common
constituent of granite and of various igneous rocks. See
Al6boOlith (?), n. [L. albus white + Olith.] A kind of
plastic cement, or artificial stone, consisting chiefly of
magnesia and silica; P called also albolite.
X Al6boOrak (?; 277), n. [Ar. alPbur>q, fr. baraqa to flash,
shine.] The imaginary milkPwhite animal on which Mohammed
was said to have been carried up to heaven; a white mule.
Al7buOgin6eOous (?), a. [See Albugo.] Of the nature of, or
resembling, the white of the eye, or of an egg; albuminous;
P a term applied to textures, humors, etc., which are
perfectly white.
X AlObu6go (?), n.; pl. Albugines (?). [L., whiteness, fr.
albus white.] (Med.) Same as Leucoma. 
Al6bum (?), n. [L., neut. of albus white: cf. F. album. Cf.
Alb.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A white tablet on which anything was
inscribed, as a list of names, etc.
2. A register for visitors' names; a visitors' book.
3. A blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches,
memorial writing of friends, photographs, etc.
AlObu6men (?), n. [L., fr. albus white.] 1. The white of an
2. (Bot.) Nourishing matter stored up within the integuments
of the seed in many plants, but not incorporated in the
embryo. It is the floury part in corn, wheat, and like
grains, the oily part in poppy seeds, the fleshy part in the
cocoanut, etc.
3. (Chem.) Same as Albumin.
AlObu6menOize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Albumenized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Albumenizing.] To cover or saturate with
albumen; to coat or treat with an albuminous solution; as,
to albuminize paper.
X Al6bum Gr.6cum (?). [L., Greek white.] Dung of dogs or
hyenas, which becomes white by exposure to air. It is used
in dressing leather, and was formerly used in medicine.
AlObu6min (?), n. (Chem.) A thick, viscous nitrogenous
substance, which is the chief and characteristic constituent
of white of eggs and of the serum of blood, and is found in
other animal substances, both fluid and solid, also in many
plants. It is soluble in water is coagulated by heat ad by
certain chemical reagents.
Acid ~, a modification of ~ produced by the action of dilute
acids. It is not coagulated by heat. P Alkali ~, ~ as
modified by the action of alkaline substances; P called also
AlObu6miOnate (?), n. (Chem.) A substance produced by the
action of an alkali upon albumin, and resembling casein in
its properties; also, a compound formed by the union of
albumin with another substance.
AlObu7miOnif6erOous (?), a. [L. albumen + Oferous.]
Supplying albumen.
AlObu7miOnim6eOter (?), n. [L. albumen, albuminis + Ometer:
cf. F. albuminim
tre.] An instrument for ascertaining the
quantity of albumen in a liquid.
AlObu6miOnin (?), n. (Chem.) The substance of the cells
which inclose the white of birds' eggs.
AlObu7miOnip6aOrous (?), a. [L. albumen + parere to bear,
bring forth.] Producing albumin.
AlObu6miOnoid (?), a. [L. albumen + Ooid.] (Chem.)
Resembling albumin. P n. One of a class of organic
principles (called also proteids) which form the main part
of organized tissues.
AlObu7miOnoid6al (?), a. (Chem.) Of the nature of an
AlObu6miOnose7 (?), n.(Chem.) A diffusible substance formed
from albumin by the action of natural or artificial gastric
juice. See Peptone.
AlObu6miOnous (?), AlObu6miOnose7 (?), } a. [Cf. F.
albumineux.] Pertaining to, or containing, albumen; having
the properties of, or resembling, albumen or albumin. P
AlObu6miOnousOness, n.
X AlObu7miOnu6riOa (?), n. [NL., fr. L. albumen + Gr. ?
urine.] (Med.) A morbid condition in which albumin is
present in the urine.
Al6buOmose7 (?), n. [From albumin.] (Chem.) A compound or
class of compounds formed from albumin by dilute acids or by
an acid solution of pepsin. Used also in combination, as
antialbumose, hemialbumose.
Al6burn (?), n. [L. alburnus, fr. L. albus white. Cf.
Auburn.] (Zo.l.) The bleak, a small European fish having
scales of a peculiarly silvery color which are used in
making artificial pearls. 
AlObur6nous (?), a. Of or pertaining to alburnum; of the
alburnum; as, alburnous substances.
AlObur6num (?), n. [L., fr. albus white.] (Bot.) The white
and softer part of wood, between the inner bark and the hard
wood or duramen; sapwood.
Al6byn (?), n. [See Albion.] Scotland; esp. the Highlands of
T. Cambell.
AlOcade6 (?), n. Same as Alcaid.
Al6caOhest (?), n. Same as Alkahest.
AlOca6ic (?), a. [L. Alca.cus, Gr. ?.] Pertaining to,
a lyric poet of Mitylene, about 6000 b. c. P n. A kind of
verse, so called from One variety consists of five
feet, a spondee or iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and
two dactyls.
X AlOcaid6, AlOcayde6 (?), n. [Sp. alcaide, fr. Ar. alPq>Fd
governor, fr. q>da to lead, govern.] 1. A commander of a
castle or fortress among the Spaniards, Portuguese, and
2. The warden, or keeper of a jail.
X AlOcal6de (?), n. [Sp. alcalde, fr. Ar. alPq>dF judge, fr.
qada to decide, judge. Hence, the cadi of the Turks. Cf.
Cadi.] A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish
America, etc.
5 Sometimes confounded with Alcaid.
Al7caOlim6eOter, n. See Alkalimeter.
X AlOcan6na (?), n. [Sp. alcana, alhe?a, fr. Ar. alOhinn>.
See Henna, and cf. Alkanet.] (Bot.) An oriental shrub
(Lawsonia inermis) from which henna is obtained.
X Al7carOra6za (?), n.; pl. Alcarrazas. [Sp., from Ar.
alPkurr>z earthen vessel.] A vessel of porous earthenware,
used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior

X AlOcayde6 (?), n. Same as Alcaid.
X AlOca6zar (?), n. [Sp., fr. Ar. al the + qacr (in pl.) a
castle.] A fortress; also, a royal palace.
X AlOce6do (?), n. [L., equiv. to Gr. ?. See Halcyon.]
(Zo.l.) A genus of perching birds, including the European
kingfisher (Alcedo ispida). See Halcyon.
AlOchem6ic (?), AlOchem6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F. alchimique.]
Of or relating to alchemy.
AlOchem6icOalOly, adv. In the manner of alchemy.
Al6cheOmist (?), n. [Cf. OF. alquemiste, F. alchimiste.] One
who practices alchemy.
You are alchemist; make gold.
Al7cheOmis6tic (?), Al7cheOmis6ticOal (?), } a. Relating to
or practicing alchemy.
Metaphysical and alchemistical legislators.
Al6cheOmisOtry (?), n. Alchemy. [Obs.]
Al6cheOmize (?), v. t. To change by alchemy; to transmute.
Al6cheOmy (?), n. [OF. alkemie, arquemie, F. alchimie, Ar.
alOkFmFa, fr. late Gr. ?, for ?, a mingling, infusion, ?
juice, liquid, especially as extracted from plants, fr. ? to
pour; for chemistry was originally the art of extracting the
juices from plants for medicinal purposes. Cf. Sp. alquimia,
It. alchimia. Gr. ? is prob. akin to L. fundere to pour,
Goth. guitan, AS. ge"tan, to pour, and so to E. fuse. See
Fuse, and cf. Chemistry.] 1. An imaginary art which aimed to
transmute the baser metals into gold, to find the panacea,
or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It led the way to
modern chemistry. 
2. A mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for
various utensils; hence, a trumpet. [Obs.]
Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy.
3. Miraculous power of transmuting something common into
something precious.
Kissing with golden face the meadows green,
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy.
AlOchym6ic (?), a., Al6chyOmist (?), n., Al7chyOmis6tic (?),
a., Al6chyOmy (?), n. See Alchemic, Alchemist, Alchemistic,
X Al6co (?), n. A small South American dog, domesticated by
the aborigines.
Al6coOate (?), Al6coOhate (?), } n. Shortened forms of
Al6coOhol (?), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol,
Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr.
Ar. alPkohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the
eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account
of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits,
a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has bot
meanings. Cf. Alquifou.] 1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.]
2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by
distillation. [Obs.]
3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit
(called also ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating
element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely 
a liquid containing it is considerable quantity. It is
extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable
juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have
undergone vinous fermentation.
5 As used in the U. S. =Pharmacop?ia, alcohol contains 91
per cent by weight of ethyl ~ and 9 per cent of water; and
d???ted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by
weight of ethyl ~ and 54.5 per cent of water.
4. ( Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic
~ in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides
of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms
common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5OH); methyl forms methyl
alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol
(C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.
Al6coOholOate (?), n. [Cf. F. alcolaie.] (Chem.) A
crystallizable compound of a salt with alcohol, in which the
latter plays a part analogous to that of water of
Al7coOhol6aOture (?), n. [Cf. F. alcoolature.] (Med.) An
alcoholic tincture prepared with fresh plants.
New Eng. Dict.
Al7coOhol6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. alcolique.] Of or pertaining to
alcohol, or partaking of its qualities; derived from, or
caused by, alcohol; containing alcohol; as, alcoholic
mixtures; alcoholic gastritis; alcoholic odor.
Al7coOhol6ic, n. 1. A person given to the use of ~ liquors.
2. pl. w liquors.
Al6coOholOism (?), n. [Cf. F. alcoolisme.] (Med.) A diseased
condition of the system, brought about by the continued use
of alcoholic liquors.
Al7coOhol7iOza6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alcoolisation.] 1. The
act of reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder.
2. The act rectifying spirit.
3. Saturation with alcohol; putting the animal system under
the influence of alcoholic liquor.
Al6coOholOize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alcoholized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Alcoholizing.] [Cf. F. alcooliser.] 1. To
reduce to a fine powder. [Obs.]
2. To convert into alcohol; to rectify; also, to saturate
with alcohol.
Al7coOholOom6eOter (?), Al7coOhol6meOter (?), } n. [Alcohol
+ Ometer.] (Chem.) An instrument for determining the
strength of spirits, with a scale graduated so as to
indicate the percentage of pure alcohol, either by weight or
volume. It is usually a form of hydrometer with a special
Al7coOhol7oOmet6ric (?), Al7coOhol7oOmet6ricOal (?),
Al7coOholOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Relating to the alcoholometer
or alcoholometry.
The alcoholometrical strength of spirituous liquors.
Al7coOhol6om6eOtry (?), n. The process or method of
ascertaining the proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous
liquors contain.
Al7coOhom6eOter (?), n., Al7coOhoOmet6ric, a. Same as
Alcoholometer, Alcoholometric.
Al7coO.m6eOtry (?), n. See Alcoholometry.
5 The chemists say alcom
tre, alcoom
trie, doubtless by the
suppression of a syllable in order to avoid a disagreeable
sequence of sounds. (Cf. Idolatry.) 
Al6coOran (?; 277), n. [F. alcoran, fr. Ar. alPqor>n, orig.
the reading, the book, fr. qaraa to read. Cf. Koran.] The
Mohammedan Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form).
[Spelt also Alcoran.]
Al7coOran6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Koran.
Al7coOran6ist, n. One who adheres to the letter of the
Koran, rejecting all traditions. 
Al6cove (?; 277), n. [F., Sp. or Pg. alcoba, from Ar.
alPquobbah arch, vault, tent.] 1. (Arch.) A recessed portion
of a room, or a small room opening into a larger one;
especially, a recess to contain a bed; a lateral recess in a
2. A small ornamental building with seats, or an arched
seat, in a pleasure ground; a garden bower.
3. Any natural recess analogous to an ~ or recess in an
The youthful wanderers found a wild alcove.
Al6cyOon (?), n. See Halcyon.
X Al7cyOoOna6ceOa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) A group of
softPbodied Alcyonaria, of which Alcyonium is the type. See
Illust. under Alcyonaria.
X Al7cyOoOna6riOa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zo.l.) One of the
orders of Anthozoa. It includes the Alcyonacea,
Pennatulacea, and Gorgonacea.
X AlOcy6oOnes (?), n. pl. [L., pl. of Alcyon.] (Zo.l.) The
Al7cyOon6ic (?), a. (Zo.l.) Of or pertaining to the
X Al7cyOo6niOum (?), n. [Gr. ? a zo.phyte, so called from
being like the halcyon's nest.] (Zo.l.) A genus of fleshy
Alcyonaria, its polyps somewhat resembling flowers with
eight fringed rays. The term was also formerly used for
certain species of sponges.
Al6cyOoOnoid (?), a. [Gr. ? + Ooid.] (Zo.l.) Like or
pertaining to the Alcyonaria. P n. A zo.phyte of the order
Al6day (?), adv. Continually. [Obs.]

AlOdeb6aOran (?), n. [Ar. alOdebar>n, fr. dabar to follow;
so called because this star follows upon the Pleiades.]
(Astron.) A red star of the first magnitude, situated in the
eye of Taurus; the Bull's Eye. It is the bright star in the
group called the Hyades.
Now when Aldebaran was mounted high
Above the shiny Cassiopeia's chair.
Ai6deOhyde (?), n. [Abbrev. fr. alcohol dehydrogenatum,
alcohol deprived of its hydrogen.] (Chem.) A colorless,
mobile, and very volatile liquid obtained from alcohol by
certain of oxidation.
5 The aldehydes are intermediate between the alcohols and
acids, and differ from the alcohols in having two less
hydrogen atoms in the molecule, as common aldehyde (called
also acetic aldehyde or ethyl aldehyde), C2H4O; methyl
aldehyde, CH2O.
w ammonia (Chem.), a compound formed by the union of ~ with
Al7deOhy6dic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to aldehyde;
as, aldehydic acid.
Al6der (?), n. [OE. aldir, aller, fr. AS. alr, aler, alor,
akin to D. els, G. erle, Icel. erlir, erli, Swed. al, Dan.
elle, el, L. alnus, and E. elm.] (Bot.) A tree, usually
growing in moist land, and belonging to the genus Alnus. The
wood is used by turners, etc.; the bark by dyers and
tanners. In the U. S. the species of alder are usually
shrubs or small trees.
Black ~. (a) A European shrub (Rhamnus frangula); ~
buckthorn. (b) An American species of holly (Ilex
verticillata), bearing red berries.
Al6der (?), Al6ler (?), } a. [From ealra, alra, gen. pl. of
AS. eal. The d is excrescent.] Of all; P used in
composition; as, alderbest, best of all, alderwisest, wisest
of all. [Obs.]
Al7derPlief6est (?), a. [For allerliefest dearest of all.
See Lief.] Most beloved. [Obs.]
Al6derOman (?), n.; pl. Aldermen (?). [AS. aldormon,
ealdorman; ealdor an elder + man. See Elder, n.] 1. A senior
or superior; a person of rank or dignity. [Obs.]
5 The title was applied, among the AngloPSaxons, to princes,
dukes, earls, senators, and presiding magistrates; also to
archbishops and bishops, implying superior wisdom or
authority. Thus Ethelstan, duke of the EastPAnglians, was
called Alderman of all England; and there were aldermen of
cities, counties, and castles, who had jurisdiction within
their respective districts.
3. One of a board or body of municipal officers next in
order to the mayor and having a legislative function. They
may, in some cases, individually exercise some magisterial
and administrative functions. 
Al6derOmanOcy (?), n. The office of an alderman.
Al6derOman6ic (?), a. Relating to, becoming to, or like, an
alderman; characteristic of an alderman.
Al7derOman6iOty (?), n. 1. Aldermen collectively; the body
of aldermen.
2. The state of being an alderman. [Jocular]
Al7derOmanOlike7 (?), a. Like or suited to an alderman.
Al6derOmanOly, a. Pertaining to, or like, an alderman.
Al6derOmanOly, a. Pertaining to, or like, an alderman. =An
aldermanly discretion.8
Al6derOmanOry (?), n. 1. The district or ward of an
2. The office or rank of an alderman. [R.]
B. Jonson.
Al6derOmanOship, n. The condition, position, or office of an
Al6dern (?), a. Made of alder.
Al6derOney (?), n. One of a breed of cattle raised in
Alderney, one of the Channel Islands. Alderneys are of a dun
or tawny color and are often called Jersey cattle. See
Jersey, 3.
Al6dine (?; 277), a. (Bibliog.) An epithet applied to
editions (chiefly of the classics) which proceeded from the
press of Aldus Manitius, and his family, of Venice, for the
most part in the 16th century and known by the sign of the
anchor and the dolphin. The term has also been applied to
certain elegant editions of English works.
Ale (?), n. [AS. ealu, akin to Icel., Sw., and Dan. .l,
Lith. alus a kind of beer, OSlav. ol? beer. Cf. Ir. ol
drink, drinking.] 1. An intoxicating liquor made from an
infusion of malt by fermentation and the addition of a
bitter, usually hops.
5 The word ale, in England and the United States, usually
designates a heavier kind of fermented liquor, and the word
beer a lighter kind. The word beer is also in common use as
the generic name for all malt liquors.
2. A festival in English country places, so called from the
liquor drunk. =At wakes and ales.8 B. Jonson.=On ember eves
and holy ales.8 Shak.
AOleak6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + leak.] In a leaking
A6leOaOtoOry (?), a. [L. aleatorius, fr. alea chance, die.]
(Law) Depending on some uncertain contingency; as, an
aleatory contract.
Ale6bench7 (?), n. A bench in or before an alehouse.
Ale6ber7ry (?), n. [OE. alebery, alebrey; ale + bre broth,
fr. AS. brFw pottage.] A beverage, formerly made by boiling
ale with spice, sugar, and sops of bread.
Their aleberries, caudles, possets.
Beau. & Fl.
AOlect6iOthal (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? yelk.] (Biol.)
Applied to those ova which segment uniformly, and which have
little or no food yelk embedded in their protoplasm.
Ale6con6ner (?), n. [Ale + con, OE. cunnen to test, AS.
cunnian to test. See Con.] Orig., an officer appointed to
look to the goodness of ale and beer; also, one of the
officers chosen by the liverymen of London to insect the
measures used in public houses. But the office is a
sinecure. [Also called aletaster.] [Eng.]
Ale6cost7 (?), n. [Ale + L. costus an aromatic plant: cf.
Costmary.] (Bot.) The plant costmary, which was formerly
much used for flavoring ale.
X Al7ecOtor6iOdes (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a cock.]
(Zo.l.) A group of birds including the common fowl and the
AOlec7toOrom6aOchy (?), n. [Gr. ? cock + ? fight.]
AOlec6toOroOman7cy (?), n. See Alectryomancy.
AOlec7tryOom'aOchy (?), n. [Gr. ? cock + ? fight.]
AOlec6tryOoOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? cock + Omancy.] Divination
by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters
of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order
in which the grains were eaten.
Amer. Cyc.
AOlee6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + lee.] (Naut.) On or toward the
lee, or the side away from the wind; the opposite of
aweather. The helm of a ship is alee when pressed close to
the lee side.
Hard ~, or Luff ~, an order to put the helm to the lee side.
Al6eOgar (?), n. [Ale + eager sour, F. aigre. Cf. Vinegar.]
Sour ale; vinegar made of ale.
Al6eOger (?), a. [F. all
gre, earlier al
gre, fr. L.
alacer.] Gay; cheerful; sprightly. [Obs.]
AOlegge6 (?), v. t. [OE. aleggen, alegen, OF. alegier, F.
all.ger, fr. LL. alleviare, for L. allevare to lighten; ad +
levis light. Cf. Alleviate, Allay, Allege.] To allay or
alleviate; to lighten. [Obs.]
That shall alegge this bitter blast.
Ale6hoof7 (?), n. [AS. h?fe ground ivy; the first part is
perh. a corruption: cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove,

ground ivy, =in old MSS. heyhowe, heyoue, haihoue,
halehoue.8 Prior.] Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).
Ale6house7 (?), n. A house where ale is retailed; hence, a
tippling house.

Ale6Pknight7 (?), n. A pot companion. [Obs.]
Al7eOman6nic (?), a. Belonging to the Alemanni, a
confederacy of warlike German tribes.
Al7eOman6nic, n. The language of the Alemanni.
The Swabian dialect... is known as the Alemannic.
Amer. Cyc.
AOlem6bic (?), n. [F. alambic (cf. Sp. alambique), Ar.
alPanbFq, fr. Gr. ? cup, cap of a still. The cap or head was
the alembic proper. Cf. Limbec.] An apparatus formerly used
in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has
mostly given place to the retort and worm still.
Used also metaphorically.
The alembic of a great poet's imagination.
AOlem6broth (?), n. [Origin uncertain.] The salt of wisdom
of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides
of ammonium and mercury. It was formerly used as a
Brande & C.
A7len7con6 lace6 (?). See under Lace.
AOlength6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + length.] At full length;

AOlep6iOdote , a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, a scale.] (Zo.l.) Not
having scales. P n. A fish without scales.
Ale6pole7 (?), n. A pole set up as the sign of an alehouse.
AOlert6 (?), a. [F. alerte, earlier . l'erte on the watch,
fr. It. all' erta on the watch, prop. (standing) on a
height, where one can look around; erta a declivity, steep,
erto steep, p. p. of ergere, erigere, to erect, raise, L.
erigere. See Erect.] 1. Watchful; vigilant; active in
2. Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity.
An alert young fellow.

Syn. - Active; agile; lively; quick; prompt.
AOlert6, n. (Mil.) An alarm from a real or threatened
attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give
warning. =We have had an alert.8
On the ~, on the lookout or watch against attack or danger;
ready to act.
AOlert6ly, adv. In an alert manner; nimbly.
AOlert6ness, n. The quality of being alert or on the alert;
briskness; nimbleness; activity.
Ale6 sil7ver (?). A duty payable to the lord mayor of London
by the sellers of ale within the city.
Ale6stake (?), n. A stake or pole projecting from, or set up
before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was
commonly suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a
=bush.8 [Obs.]
Ale6tast7er (?), n. See Aleconner. [Eng.]
AOle7thiOol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? truth + Ology.] The science
which treats of the nature of truth and evidence.
Sir W. Hamilton.
AOleth6oOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? true + ? to view.] An
instrument for viewing pictures by means of a lens, so as to
present them in their natural proportions and relations.
AOleu6roOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? wheaten flour + Omancy: cf.
F. aleuromancie.] Divination by means of flour.
Encyc. Brit.
Al7euOrom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? flour + Ometer.] An
instrument for determining the expansive properties, or
quality, of gluten in flour.
AOleu6rone (?), n. [Gr. ? flour.] (Bot.) An albuminoid
substance which occurs in minute grains (=protein granules8)
in maturing seeds and tubers; P supposed to be a
modification of protoplasm.
Al7euOron6ic (?), a. (Bot.) Having the nature of aleurone.
D. C. Eaton.
AOleu6tian (?), AOleu6tic (?), } a. [Said to be from the
Russ. aleut a bold rock.] Of or pertaining to a chain of
islands between Alaska and Kamtchatka; also, designating
these islands.
Al6eOvin (?), n. [F. alevin, OF. alever to rear, fr. L. ad +
levare to raise.] Young fish; fry.
AOlew6 (?), n. Halloo. [Obs.]
Ale6wife7 (?), n.; pl. Alewives (?). A woman who keeps an
Ale6wife7, n.; pl. Alewives. [This word is properly aloof,
the Indian name of a fish. See Winthrop on the culture of
maize in America, =Phil Trans.8 No. 142, p. 1065, and
Baddam's =Memoirs,8 vol. ii. p. 131.] (Zo.l.) A North
American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the Herring family. It is
called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring. The name is
locally applied to other related species. 
Al7exOan6ders (?), Al7iOsan6ders (?), n. [OE. alisaundre,
OF. alissandere, fr. Alexander or Alexandria.] (Bot) A name
given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly
cultivated and used as celery now is; P called also horse
Al7exOan6driOan (?), a. 1. Of or pertaining to Alexandria in
Egypt; as, the Alexandrian library.
2. Applied to a kind of heroic verse. See Alexandrine, n.
Al7exOan6drine (?; 277), a. Belonging to Alexandria;
Al7exOan6drine (?)(?), n. [F. alexandrin.] A kind of verse
consisting in English of twelve syllables.
The needless Alexandrine ends the song,
That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along.
AOlex7iOphar6mac (?), AOlex7iOphar6maOcal (?), } a. & n.
[See Alexipharmic.] Alexipharmic. [Obs.]
AOlex7iOphar6mic (?), AOlex7iOphar6micOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?
keeping off poison; ? to keep off + ? drug, poison: cf. F.
alexipharmaque.] (Med.) Expelling or counteracting poison;
AOlex7iOphar6mic (?), n. (Med.) An antidote against poison
or infection; a counterpoison.
AOlex7iOpyOret6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? burning heat, fever, ?
fire.] (Med.) Serving to drive off fever; antifebrile. P n.
A febrifuge.
AOlex7iOter6ic (?), AOlex7iOter6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ? fit
to keep off or help, fr. ? one who keeps off, helper; ? to
keep off: cf. F. alexit
re.] (med.) Resisting poison;
obviating the effects of venom; alexipharmic.
AOlex7iOter6ic, n. [Gr. ? a remedy, an amulet: cf. F.
re, LL. alexiterium.] (Med.) A preservative against
contagious and infectious diseases, and the effects of
poison in general.
Brande & C.
X Al6fa (?) or Al6fa grass6 (?), n. A plant (Macrochloa
tenacissima) of North Africa; also, its fiber, used in paper
AlOfal6fa (?), n. [Sp.] (Bot.) The lucern (Medicago sativa);
P so called in California, Texas, etc.
Al6feOnide (?), n. (Metal.) An alloy of nickel and silver
electroplated with silver.
X AlOfe6res (?), n. [Sp., fr. Ar. alOf>rs knight.] An
ensign; a standard bearer. [Obs.]
J. Fletcher.
Al6fet , n. [LL. alfetum, fr. AS. >lf.t a pot to boil in; >l
burning + f.t vat.] A caldron of boiling water into which an
accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or
X AlOfil7aOri6a (?), n. (Bot.) The pin grass (Erodium
cicutarium), a weed in California.
X Al7fiOo6ne (?), n. (Zo.l.) An edible marine fish of
California (Rhacochilus toxotes).
X AlOfres6co (?), adv. & a. [It. al fresco in or on the
fresh.] In the openPair.
X Al6ga (?), n.; pl. Alg. (?). [L., seaweed.] (Bot.) A kind
of seaweed; pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants
which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp,
dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water conferv.,
Al6gal (?), a,. (Bot.) Pertaining to, or like, alg..
X Al7gaOro6ba (?), n. [Sp. algarroba, fr. Ar. alOkharr?bah.
Cf. Carob.] (Bot.) (a) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the
Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called
St. John's bread. (b) The Honey mesquite (Prosopis
juliflora), a small tree found from California to Buenos
Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum,
resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas
and Mexico.
Al6gaOrot (?), Al6gaOroth (?), } n. [F. algaroth, fr. the
name of the inventor, Algarotti.] (Med.) A term used for the
Powder of Algaroth, a white powder which is a compound of
trichloride and trioxide of antimony. It was formerly used
in medicine as an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic.
X Al7gaOroOvil6la (?), n. The agglutinated seeds and husks
of the legumes of a South American tree (Inga Marth.). It is
valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.
Al6gate (?), Al6gates (?), } adv. [All + gate way. The s is
and adverbial ending. See Gate.] 1. Always; wholly;
everywhere. [Obs. or Dial.]
Ulna now he algates must forego.
5 Still used in the north of England in the sense of
2. By any or means; at all events. [Obs.]
3. Notwithstanding; yet. [Obs.]

Al6gaOzel7 (?), n. [Ar. al the + ghaz>l.] (Zo.l.) The true
Al6geObra (?), n. [LL. algebra, fr. Ar. alPjebr reduction of
parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, fr. jabara
to bind together, consolidate; alPjebr w'almuq>balah
reduction and comparison (by equations): cf. F. alg
bre, It.
& Sp. algebra.] 1. (Math.) That branch of mathematics which
treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means
of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those
relations that are true of every kind of magnitude.
2. A treatise on this science.
Al7geObra6ic (?), Al7geObra6icOal (?), } a. Of or pertaining
to algebra; containing an operation of algebra, or deduced
from such operation; as, algebraic characters; algebraical
Algebraic curve, a curve such that the equation which
expresses the relation between the co.rdinates of its points
involves only the ordinary operations of algebra; P opposed
to a transcendental curve.
Al7geObra6icOalOly, adv. By algebraic process.
Al6geObra7ist (?), n. One versed in algebra.
Al6geObraOize (?)(?), v. t. To perform by algebra; to reduce
to algebraic form.
AlOge6riOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Algeria. P n. A
native of Algeria.
Al7geOrine6 (?), a. Of or pertaining to Algiers or Algeria.
Al7geOrine6, n. A native or one of the people of Algiers or
Algeria. Also, a pirate.
Al6gid (?), a. [L. algidus cold, fr. algere to be cold: cf.
F. algide.] Cold; chilly.
w cholera (Med.), Asiatic cholera.
AlOgid6iOty (?), n. Chilliness; coldness; especially (Med.),
coldness and collapse.
Al6gidOness (?), n. Algidity. [Obs.]
AlOgif6ic (?), a. [L. algificus, fr. algus cold + facere to
make.] Producing cold.
Al6goid (?), a. [L. alga + Ooid.] Of the nature of, or
resembling, an alga.
Al6gol (?), n. [Ar. alPgh?l destruction, calamity, fr. gh>la
to take suddenly, destroy.] (Astron.) A fixed star, in
Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for
its periodic variation in brightness.
Al7goOlog6icOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to algology; as,
algological specimens.
AlOgol6oOgist (?), n. One learned about alg.; a student of
AlOgol6oOgy (?), n. [L. alga seaweed + Ology.] (Bot.) The
study or science of alg. or seaweeds.
AlOgon6quin (?), AlOgon6kin (?), } n. One of a widely spread
family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which
formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of
North America. The name was originally applied to a group of
Indian tribes north of the River St. Lawrence.
X Al6gor (?), n. [L.] (Med.) Cold; chilliness.
Al6goOrism (?), Al6goOrithm (?), } n. [OE. algorism, algrim,
augrim, OF. algorisme, F. algorithme (cf. Sp. algoritmo,
OSp. alguarismo, LL. algorismus), fr. the Ar. alPKhow>rezmF
of Khow>rezm, the modern Khiwa, surname of Abu Ja'far
Mohammed ben Mus>, author of a work on arithmetic early in
the 9th century, which was translated into Latin, such books
bearing the name algorismus. The spelling with th is due to
a supposed connection with Gr. ? number.] 1. The art of
calculating by nine figures and zero.
2. The art of calculating with any species of notation; as,
the algorithms of fractions, proportions, surds, etc.
Al6gous (?), a. [L. algosus, fr. alga seaweed.] Of or
pertaining to the alg., or seaweeds; abounding with, or
like, seaweed.
X Al7guaOzil6 (?)(?), n. [Sp. alguacil, fr. Ar. alwazFr the
vizier. Cf. Vizier.] An inferior officer of justice in
Spain; a warrant officer; a constable.
Al6gum (?), n. Same as Almug (and etymologically
2 Chron. ii. 8.
AlOham6bra (?), n. [Ultimately fr. Ar. al the + hamr> red;
i. e., the red (sc. house).] The palace of the Moorish kings
at Granada. 
Al7hamObra6ic (?), Al7hamObresque6 (?; 277), } a. Made or
decorated after the fanciful style of the ornamentation in
the Alhambra, which affords an unusually fine exhibition of
Saracenic or Arabesque architecture.
X AlOhen6na (?), n. See Henna.
A6liOas (?), adv. [L., fr. alius. See Else.] (Law) (a)
Otherwise; otherwise called; P a term used in legal
proceedings to connect the different names of any one who
has gone by two or more, and whose true name is for any
cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias Simpson. (b) At another
A6liOas, n.; pl. Aliases (?). [L., otherwise, at another
time.] (Law) (a) A second or further writ which is issued
after a first writ has expired without effect. (b) Another
name; an assumed name.
Al6iObi (?), n. [L., elsewhere, at another place. See
Alias.] (Law) The plea or mode of defense under which a
person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that
he was in another place when the alleged act was committed;
as, to set up an alibi; to prove an alibi.
Al7iObil6iOty (?), n. Quality of being alible.
Al6iOble (?), a. [L. alibilis, fr. alere to nourish.]
Nutritive; nourishing.
Al6iOcant (?), n. A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed; P
said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain.
J. Fletcher.
Al6iOdade (?), n. [LL. alidada, alhidada, fr. Ar. alO'id>da
a sort of rule: cf. F. alidade.] The portion of a graduated
instrument, as a quadrant or astrolabe, carrying the sights
or telescope, and showing the degrees cut off on the arc of
the instrument
Al6ien (?), a. [OF. alien, L. alienus, fr. alius another;
properly, therefore, belonging to another. See Else.] 1. Not
belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to
the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign; as, alien
subjects, enemies, property, shores.
2. Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse;
inconsistent (with); incongruous; P followed by from or
sometimes by to; as, principles alien from our religion.
An alien sound of melancholy.
w enemy (Law), one who owes allegiance to a government at
war with ours.
Al6ien, n. 1. A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or
belonging, to another country; a foreignPborn resident of a
country in which he does not posses the privileges of a
citizen. Hence, a stranger. See Alienage. 
2. One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or
estranged; as, aliens from God's mercies.
Aliens from the common wealth of Israel.
Ephes. ii. 12.
Al6ien, v. t. [F. ali.ner, L. alienare.] To alienate; to
estrange; to transfer, as property or ownership. [R.] =It
the son alien lands.8
Sir M. Hale.
The prince was totally aliened from all thoughts of... the
Al7ienOaObil6iOty (?), n. Capability of being alienated.
=The alienability of the domain.8
Al6ienOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. ali.nable.] Capable of being
alienated, sold, or transferred to another; as, land is
alienable according to the laws of the state.
Al6ienOage (?), n. [Cf. OF. ali.nage.] 1. The state or legal
condition of being an alien.
5 The disabilities of alienage are removable by
naturalization or by special license from the State of
residence, and in some of the United States by declaration
of intention of naturalization.
Kent. Wharton.
Estates forfeitable on account of alienage.
2. The state of being alienated or transferred to another.

Al6ienOate (?), a. [L. alienatus, p. p. of alienare, fr.
alienus. See Alien, and cf. Aliene.] Estranged; withdrawn in
affection; foreign; P with from. 
O alienate from God.

Al6ienOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alienated (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Alienating.] 1. To convey or transfer to another, as
title, property, or right; to part voluntarily with
ownership of.
2. To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of
averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to
estrange; to wean; P with from.
The errors which... alienated a loyal gentry and priesthood
from the House of Stuart.
The recollection of his former life is a dream that only the
more alienates him from the realities of the present.
I. Taylor.
Al6ienOate (?), n. A stranger; an alien. [Obs.]
Al7ienOa6tion (?), n. [F. ali.nation, L. alienatio, fr.
alienare, fr. alienare. See Alienate.] 1. The act of
alienating, or the state of being alienated.
2. (Law) A transfer of title, or a legal conveyance of
property to another.
3. A withdrawing or estrangement, as of the affections.
The alienation of his heart from the king.
4. Mental alienation; derangement of the mental faculties;
insanity; as, alienation of mind.
Syn. - Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; aberration;
mania; delirium; frenzy; dementia; monomania. See Insanity.
Al6ienOa6tor (?), n. One who alienates.
AlOiene (?), v. t. To alien or alienate; to transfer, as
title or property; as, to aliene an estate.
Al6ienOee6 (?), n. (Law) One to whom the title of property
is transferred; P opposed to alienor.
It the alienee enters and keeps possession.
Al6ienOism (?), n. 1. The status or legal condition of an
alien; alienage.
The law was very gentle in the construction of the
disability of alienism.
2. The study or treatment of diseases of the mind.
Al6ienOist (?), n. [F. ali.niste.] One who treats diseases
of the mind.
Ed. Rev.
Al7ienOor6 (?), n. [OF. ali.neur.] One who alienates or
transfers property to another.
Al7iOeth6moid (?), Al7iOethOmoid6al (?), } a. [L. ala wing +
E. ethomoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to expansions of the
ethmoid bone or ?artilage.
AOlife6 (?), adv. [Cf. lief dear.] On my life; dearly.
[Obs.] =I love that sport alife.8 
Beau. & Fl.
AOlif6erOous (?), a. [L. ala wing + Oferous.] Having wings,
winged; aligerous. [R.]
Al6iOform (?), a. [L. ala wing + Oform.] WingOshaped;
AOlig6erOous (?), a. [L. aliger; ala wing + gerere to
carry.] Having wings; winged. [R.]
AOlight6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alighted (?) sometimes
Alit (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Alighting.] [OE. alihten, fr. AS.