Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

A (named ? in the English, and most commonly . in other
languages). The first letter of the English and of many
other alphabets. The capital A of the alphabets of Middle
and Western Europe, as also the small letter (a), besides
the forms in Italic, black letter, etc., are all descended
from the old Latin A, which was borrowed from the Greek
Alpha, of the same form; and this was made from the first
letter (?) of the Phoenician alphabet, the equivalent of the
Hebrew Aleph, and itself from the Egyptian origin. The Aleph
was a consonant letter, with a guttural breath sound that
was not an element of Greek articulation; and the Greeks
took it to represent their vowel Alpha with the . sound, the
Phoenician alphabet having no vowel symbols.
This letter, in English, is used for several different
vowel sounds. See Guide to pronunciation, .. 43P74. The
regular long a, as in fate, etc., is a comparatively modern
sound, and has taken the place of what, till about the early
part of the 17th century, was a sound of the quality of .
(as in far).
2. (Mus.) The name of the sixth tone in the model major
scale (that in C), or the first tone of the minor scale,
which is named after it the scale in A minor. The second
string of the violin is tuned to the A in the treble staff.
P A sharp (A#) is the name of a musical tone intermediate
between A and B.P A flat (A?) is the name of a tone
intermediate between A and G.
A per se (L. per se by itself), one pre minent; a
nonesuch. [Obs.]
O fair Creseide, the flower and A per se
Of Troy and Greece.
A (? emph. ?). 1. [Shortened form of an. AS. ? one. See
One.] An adjective, commonly called the indefinite article,
and signifying one or any, but less emphatically. =At a
birth8; =In a word8; =At a blow8. Shak. It is placed before
nouns of the singular number denoting an individual object,
or a quality individualized, before collective nouns, and
also before plural nouns when the adjective few or the
phrase great many or good many is interposed; as, a dog, a
house, a man; a color; a sweetness; a hundred, a fleet, a
regiment; a few persons, a great many days. It is used for
an, for the sake of euphony, before words beginning with a
consonant sound [for exception of certain words beginning
with h, see An]; as, a table, a woman, a year, a unit, a
eulogy, a ewe, a oneness, such a one, etc. Formally an was
used both before vowels and consonants.
2. [Originally the preposition a (an, on).] In each; to
or for each; as, =twenty leagues a day8, =a hundred pounds a
year8, =a dollar a yard8, etc.
A (?), prep. [Abbreviated form of an (AS. on). See On.]
1. In; on; at; by. [Obs.] =A God's name.8 =Torn a pieces.8
=Stand a tiptoe.8 =A Sundays8 Shak. =Wit that men have now a
days.8 Chaucer. =Set them a work.8 Robynson (More's Utopia)
2. In process of; in the act of; into; to; P used with
verbal substantives in Ping which begin with a consonant.
This is a shortened form of the preposition an which was
used before the vowel sound); as in a hunting, a building, a
begging. =Jacob, when he was a dying8 Heb. xi. 21. =We'll a
birding together.8 = It was a doing.8 Shak. =He burst out a
laughing.8 Macaulay. The hyphen may be used to connect a
with the verbal substantive (as, aPhunting, aPbilding) or
the words may be written separately. This form of expression
is now for the most part obsolete, the a being omitted and
the verbal substantive treated as a participle.
A. [From AS. of off, from. See Of.] Of. [Obs.] =The name
of John a Gaunt.8 =What time a day is it ?8 Shak. =It's six
a clock.8 B. Jonson.
A. A barbarous corruption of have, of he, and sometimes
of it and of they. =So would I a done8 =A brushes his hat.8
A. An expletive, void of sense, to fill up the meter
A merry heart goes all the day,
Your sad tires in a milePa.
AP. A, as a prefix to English words, is derived from
various sources. (1) It frequently signifies on or in (from
an, a forms of AS. on), denoting a state, as in afoot, on
foot, abed, amiss, asleep, aground, aloft, away (AS. onweg),
and analogically, ablaze, atremble, etc. (2) AS. of off,
from, as in adown (AS. ofd.ne off the dun or hill). (3) AS.
? (Goth. usP, urP, Ger. erP), usually giving an intensive
force, and sometimes the sense of away, on, back, as in
arise, abide, ago. (4) Old English yP or iP (corrupted from
the AS. inseparable particle geP, cognate with OHG. gaP,
giP, Goth. gaP), which, as a prefix, made no essential
addition to the meaning, as in aware. (5) French . (L. ad
to), as in abase, achieve. (6) L. a, ab, abs, from, as in
avert. (7) Greek insep. prefix ? without, or privative, not,
as in abyss, atheist; akin to E. unP.
Besides these, there are other sources from which the
prefix a takes its origin.
A 1 (?). A registry mark given by underwriters (as at
Lloyd's) to ships in firstPclass condition. Inferior grades
are indicated by A 2 and A 3.
A 1 is also applied colloquially to other things to
imply superiority; prime; firstPclass; firstPrate.
XAam (?), n. [D. aam, fr. LL. ama; cf. L hama a water
bucket, Gr. ?] A Dutch and German measure of liquids,
varying in different cities, being at Amsterdam about 41
wine gallons, at Antwerp 36+, at Hamburg 38,. [Written also
Aum and Awm.]
XAard6Pvark7 (?), n. [D., earthPpig.] (Zo.l.) An
edentate mammal, of the genus Orycteropus, somewhat
resembling a pig, common in some parts of Southern Africa.
It burrows in the ground, and feeds entirely on ants, which
it catches with its long, slimy tongue.
XAard6Pwolf7 (?), n. [D, earthPwolf] (Zo.l.) A
carnivorous quadruped (Proteles Lalandii), of South Africa,
resembling the fox and hyena. See Proteles.
AaOron6ic (?), AaOron6icOal (?),} a. Pertaining to
Aaron, the first high priest of the Jews.
Aar6on's rod7 (?). [See Exodus vii. 9 and Numbers xvii.
8] 1. (Arch.) A rod with one serpent twined around it, thus
differing from the caduceus of Mercury, which has two.
2. (Bot.) A plant with a tall flowering stem; esp. the
great mullein, or hagPtaper, and the goldenProd.
AbP (?). [Latin prep., etymologically the same as E. of,
off. See Of.] A prefix in many words of Latin origin. It
signifies from, away , separating, or departure, as in
abduct, abstract, abscond. See AP(6).
XAb (?), n. [Of Syriac origin.] The fifth month of the
Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the
eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with
XAb6aOca (?), n. [The native name.] The ManilaPhemp
plant (Musa textilis); also, its fiber. See Manila hemp
under Manila.
AObac6iOnate (?), v.t. [LL. abacinatus, p.p. of
abacinare; ab off+bacinus a basin.] To blind by a redPhot
metal plate held before the eyes. [R.]
AObac7iOna6tion (?), n. The act of abacinating. [R.]
XAb7aOcis6cus (?), n. [Gr.?, dim of ?. See Abacus.]
(Arch.) One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated
pavement; an abaculus.
Ab6aOcist (?), n. [LL abacista, fr. abacus.] One who
uses an abacus in casting accounts; a calculator.
AOback6 (?), adv. [Pref. aP + back; AS. on ? at, on, or
toward the back. See Back.] 1. Toward the back or rear;
backward. =Therewith aback she started.8
2. Behind; in the rear.
3. (Naut.) Backward against the mast;Psaid of the sails
when pressed by the wind.
To be taken aback. (a) To be driven backward against the
mast;Psaid of the sails, also of the ship when the are thus
driven. (b) To be suddenly checked, baffled, or discomfited.
Ab6ack (?), n. An abacus. [Obs.]
AbOac6tiOnal (?), a. [L. ab + E. actinal.] (Zo.l.)
Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a
radiate animal;Popposed to actinal. =The aboral or abactinal
AbOac6tion (?), n. Stealing cattle on a large scale.
AbOac6tor (?), n. [L., fr. abigere to drive away;
ab+agere to drive.] (Law) One who steals and drives away
cattle or beasts by herds or droves. [Obs.]
XAObac6uOlus (?), n. ; pl. Abaculi (?). [L., dim. of
abacus.] (Arch.) A small tile of glass, marble, or other
substance, of various colors, used in making ornamental
patterns in mosaic pavements.
Ab6aOcus (?), n.; E. pl. Abacuses ; L. pl. Abaci (?).
[L. abacus, abax, ?] 1. A table or tray strewn with sand,
anciently used for drawing, calculating, etc. [Obs.]
2. A calculating table or frame; an instrument for
performing arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on
wires, or counters in grooves, the lowest line representing
units, the second line, tens, etc. It is still employed in
3. (Arch.) (a) The uppermost member or division of the
capital of a column, immediately under the architrave. See
Column. (b) A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or
mosaic work.
4. A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated
compartments, for holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind
of cupboard, buffet, or sideboard.
Abacus harmonicus (Mus.), an ancient diagram showing the
structure and disposition of the keys of an instrument.
Ab6aOda (?), n. [Pg., the female rhinoceros.] The
rhinoceros. [Obs.]
AObad6don (?), n. [Heb. ? destruction, abyss, fr. ? to
be lost, to perish.] 1. The destroyer, or angel of the
bottomless pit; P the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
2. Hell; the bottomless pit. [Poetic]
In all her gates, Abaddon rues
Thy bold attempt.
AObaft6 (?), prep. [Pref. aPon + OE. baft, baften,
biaften, AS.?; be by + ? behind. See After, Aft, By.]
(Naut.) Behind; toward the stern from; as, abaft the
Abaft the beam. See under Beam.
AObaft6, adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern; aft; as, to go
AObai6sance (?), n. [For obeisance; confused with F.
abaisser, E. abase] Obeisance. [Obs.]
AObai6ser (?), n. Ivory black or animal charcoal.

AObaist6 (?), p.p. Abashed; confounded; discomfited.
AbOal6ienOate (?), v.t. [L. abalienatus, p.p. of
abalienare; ab + alienus foreign, alien. See Alien.] 1.
(Civil Law) To transfer the title of from one to another; to
2. To estrange; to withdraw. [Obs.]
3. To cause alienation of (mind).
AbOal7ienOa6tion (?), n. [L. abalienatio: cf. F.
abalianation.] The act of abalienating; alienation;
estrangement. [Obs.]
XAb7aOlo6ne (?), n. (Zo.l.) A univalve mollusk of the
genus Haliotis. The shell is lined with motherPofPpearl, and
used for ornamental purposes; the seaPear. Several large
species are found on the coast of California, clinging
closely to the rocks. 
AOband6 (?), v.t. [Contracted from abandon.]
1. To abandon. [Obs.]
Enforced the kingdom to aband.
2. To banish; to expel. [Obs.]
Mir. for Mag.
AOban6don (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abandoned (?); p.pr. &
vb.n. Abandoning .] [OF. abandoner, F.abandonner; a (L.
ad)+bandon permission, authority, LL. bandum, bannum, public
proclamation, interdiction, bannire to proclaim, summon: of
Germanic origin; cf. Goth. bandwjan to show by signs, to
designate OHG. banproclamation. The word meant to proclaim,
put under a ban, put under control; hence, as in OE., to
compel, subject, or to leave in the control of another, and
hence, to give up. See Ban.] 1. To cast or drive out; to
banish; to expel; to reject. [Obs.]
That he might ... abandon them from him.
Being all this time abandoned from your bed.
2. To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely ; to
renounce utterly; to relinquish all connection with or
concern on; to desert, as a person to whom one owes
allegiance or fidelity; to quit; to surrender.
Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned.
I. Taylor.
3. Reflexively : To give (one's self) up without attempt
at selfPcontrol ; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly ; P
often in a bad sense.
He abandoned himself ... to his favorite vice.
4. (Mar. Law) To relinquish all claim to; P used when an
insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the
property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss or
damage by a peril insured against.
Syn.P To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender;
resign; abdicate; quit; relinquish; renounce; desert;
forsake; leave; retire; withdraw from. P To Abandon, Desert,
Forsake. These words agree in representing a person as
giving up or leaving some object, but differ as to the mode
of doing it. The distinctive sense of abandon is that of
giving up a thing absolutely and finally; as, to abandon
one's friends, places, opinions, good or evil habits, a
hopeless enterprise, a shipwrecked vessel. Abandon is more
widely applicable than forsake or desert. The Latin
original of desert appears to have been originally applied
to the case of deserters from military service. Hence, the
verb, when used of persons in the active voice, has usually
or always a bad sense, implying some breach of fidelity,
honor, etc., the leaving of something which the person
should rightfully stand by and support; as, to desert one's
colors, to desert one's post, to desert one's principles or
duty. When used in the passive, the sense is not necessarily
bad; as, the fields were deserted, a deserted village,
deserted halls. Forsake implies the breaking off of previous
habit, association, personal connection, or that the thing
left had been familiar or frequented; as, to forsake old
friends, to forsake the paths of rectitude, the blood
forsook his cheeks. It may be used either in a good or in a
bad sense.
AOban6don, n. [F. abandon. fr. abandonner. See Abandon,
v.] Abandonment; relinquishment. [Obs.]
XA7ban7don6 (?), n. [F. See Abandon.] A complete giving
up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint;
careless freedom or ease.
AOban6doned (?), a. 1. Forsaken, deserted. =Your
abandoned streams.8
2. SelfPabandoned, or given up to vice; extremely
wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ;
as, an abandoned villain.
Syn.P Profligate; dissolute; corrupt; vicious; depraved;
reprobate; wicked; unprincipled; graceless; vile. P
Abandoned, Profligate, Reprobate. These adjectives agree in
expressing the idea of great personal depravity. Profligate
has reference to open and shameless immoralities, either in
private life or political conduct; as, a profligate court, a
profligate ministry. Abandoned is stronger, and has
reference to the searing of conscience and hardening of
heart produced by a man's giving himself wholly up to
iniquity; as, a man of abandoned character. Reprobate
describes the condition of one who has become insensible to
reproof, and who is morally abandoned and lost beyond hope
of recovery.
God gave them over to a reprobate mind.
Rom. i. 28.
AOban6donedOly, adv. Unrestrainedly.
AOban7donOee6 (?), n. (Law) One to whom anything is
legally abandoned.
AOban6donOer (?), n. One who abandons.
Beau. & Fl.
AOban6donOment (?), n. [Cf. F. abandonnement.]
1. The act of abandoning, or the state of being
abandoned; total desertion; relinquishment.
The abandonment of the independence of Europe.
2. (Mar. Law) The relinquishment by the insured to the
underwriters of what may remain of the property insured
after a loss or damage by a peril insured against.
3. (Com. Law) (a) The relinquishment of a right, claim,
or privilege, as to mill site, etc. (b) The voluntary
leaving of a person to whom one is bound by a special
relation, as a wife, husband, or child; desertion.
4. Careless freedom or ease; abandon. [R.]
XAOban6Odum (?), n. [LL. See Abandon.] (Law) Anything
forfeited or confiscated.
Ab6aOnet (?), n. See Abnet.
XAOban6ga (?), n. [Name given by the negroes in the
island of St. Thomas.] A West Indian palm; also the fruit of
this palm, the seeds of which are used as a remedy for
diseases of the chest.
Ab7anOna6tion (?), Ab7anOnition (?),} n. [LL. abannatio;
ad + LL. bannire to banish.] (Old Law) Banishment. [Obs.]
Ab7arOtic7uOla6tion (?), n. [L. ab + E. articulation :
cf. F. abarticulation . See Article.] (Anat.) Articulation,
usually that kind of articulation which admits of free
motion in the joint; diarthrosis.
AObase6 (?), v.t. [imp.&p.p. Abased (?); p.pr. & vb. n.
Abasing.] [F. abaisser, LL. abassare, abbassare ; ad +
bassare, fr. bassus low. See Base, a.]
1. To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; as, to
abase the eye. [Archaic]
Saying so, he abased his lance.
2. To cast down or reduce low or lower, as in rank,
office, condition in life, or estimation of worthiness; to
depress; to humble; to degrade.
Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased.
Luke xiv.ll.
Syn.P To Abase, Debase, Degrade. These words agree in
the idea of bringing down from a higher to a lower state.
Abase has reference to a bringing down in condition or
feelings; as to abase one's self before God. Debase has
reference to the bringing down of a thing in purity, or
making it base. It is, therefore, always used in a bad
sense, as, to debase the coin of the kingdom, to debase the
mind by vicious indulgence, to debase one's style by coarse
or vulgar expressions. Degrade has reference to a bringing
down from some higher grade or from some standard. Thus, a
priest is degraded from the clerical office. When used in a
moral sense, it denotes a bringing down in character and
just estimation; as, degraded by intemperance, a degrading
employment, etc. =Art is degraded when it is regarded only
as a trade.8
AObased6 (?), a. 1. Lowered; humbled.
2. (Her.) [F. abaiss..] Borne lower than usual, as a
fess; also, having the ends of the wings turned downward
towards the point of the shield.
AObas6edOly (?), adv. Abjectly; downcastly.
AObase6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. abaissement.] The act of
abasing, humbling, or bringing low; the state of being
abased or humbled; humiliation.
AObas6er (?), n. He who, or that which, abases.
AObash6 (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abashed (?); p.pr. & vb.
n. Abashing.] [OE. abaissen, abaisshen, abashen, OF.esbahir,
F. .bahir, to astonish, fr. L. ex + the interjection bah,
expressing astonishment. In OE. somewhat confused with
abase. Cf. Finish.] To destroy the selfPpossession of; to
confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a consciousness
of guilt, mistake, or inferiority; to put to shame; to
disconcert; to discomfit.
Abashed, the devil stood,
And felt how awful goodness is.
He was a man whom no check could abash.
Syn.P To confuse; confound; disconcert; shame. P To
Abash, Confuse, Confound. Abash is a stronger word than
confuse, but not so strong as confound. We are abashed when
struck either with sudden shame or with a humbling sense of
inferiority; as, Peter was abashed in the presence of those
who are greatly his superiors. We are confused when, from
some unexpected or startling occurrence, we lose clearness
of thought and selfPpossession. Thus, a witness is often
confused by a severe crossPexamination; a timid person is
apt to be confused in entering a room full of strangers. We
are confounded when our minds are overwhelmed, as it were,
by something wholly unexpected, amazing, dreadful, etc., so
that we have nothing to say. Thus, a criminal is usually
confounded at the discovery of his guilt.
Satan stood
Awhile as mute, confounded what to say.
AObash6edOly (?), adv. In an abashed manner.
AObash6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. .bahissement.] The state of
being abashed; confusion from shame.
XAObas6si (?), XAObas6sis (?),} n. [Ar.& Per.?,
belonging to Abas (a king of Persia).] A silver coin of
Persia, worth about twenty cents.
AObat6aOble (?), a. Capable of being abated; as, an
abatable writ or nuisance.
AObate6 (?), v.t. [imp.& p.p. Abated, p.pr.& vb.n.
Abating.] [OF. abatre to beat down, F. abattre, LL. abatere;
ab or ad + batere, battere (popular form for L. batuere to
beat). Cf. Bate, Batter.]
1. To beat down; to overthrow. [Obs.]
The King of Scots ... sore abated the walls.
2. To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower
state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to
contract; to moderate; toto cut short; as, to abate a
demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope.
His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
3. To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a
Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds.
4. To blunt. [Obs.]
To abate the edge of envy.
5. To reduce in estimation; to deprive. [Obs.]
She hath abated me of half my train.
6. (Law) (a) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to
do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ. (b)
(Eng. Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be
abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of
To abate a tax, to remit it either wholly or in part.
AObate6 (?), v.i. [See Abate, v.t.] 1. To decrease, or
become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a
storm abates.
The fury of Glengarry ... rapidly abated.
2. To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through;
to fail; as, a writ abates.
To abate into a freehold, To abate in lands (Law), to
enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor,
and before the heir takes possession. See Abatement, 4.
Syn.P To subside; decrease; intermit; decline; diminish;
lessen. P To Abate, Subside. These words, as here compared,
imply a coming down from some previously raised or exited
state. Abate expresses this in respect to degrees, and
implies a diminution of force or of intensity; as, the storm
abates, the cold abates, the force of the wind abates; or,
the wind abates, a fever abates. Subside (to settle down)
has reference to a previous state of agitation or commotion;
as, the waves subside after a storm, the wind subsides into
a calm. When the words are used figuratively, the same
distinction should be observed. If we conceive of a thing as
having different degrees of intensity or strength, the word
to be used is abate. Thus we say, a man's anger abates, the
ardor of one's love abates, =Winter rage abates8. But if the
image be that of a sinking down into quiet from preceding
excitement or commotion, the word to be used is subside; as,
the tumult of the people subsides, the public mind subsided
into a calm. The same is the case with those emotions which
are tumultuous in their nature; as, his passion subsides,
his joy quickly subsided, his grief subsided into a pleasing
melancholy. Yet if, in such cases, we were thinking of the
degree of violence of the emotion, we might use abate; as,
his joy will abate in the progress of time; and so in other
AObate (?), n. Abatement. [Obs.]
Sir T.Browne.
AObate6ment (?), n. [OF. abatement , F. abattement.] 1.
The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a
lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an
end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression
2. The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of
reduction; deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount
3. (Her.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.
4. (Law) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a
freehold after the death of the last possessor, before the
heir or devisee.
Defense in abatement, Plea in abatement, (Law), plea to
the effect that from some formal defect ( e.g. misnomer,
want of jurisdiction) the proceedings should be abated.
AObat6er (?), n. One who, or that which, abates.
Ab6aOtis, Aba6tOtis,} (?) n. [F. abatis, abattis, mass
of things beaten or cut down, fr. abattre. See Abate.]
(Fort.) A means of defense formed by felled trees, the ends
of whose branches are sharpened and directed outwards, or
against the enemy.
Ab6aOtised (?), a. Provided with an abatis.
AOba6tor (?), n. (Law) (a) One who abates a nuisance.
(b) A person who, without right, enters into a freehold on
the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.
XA7bat7toir6 (?), n.; pl. Abattoirs (?). [F., fr.
abattre to beat down. See Abate.] A public slaughterhouse
for cattle, sheep, etc.
Ab6aOture (?), n. [F. abatture, fr. abattre. See Abate.]
Grass and sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing
through them.
XA7bat7voix6 (?), n. [F. abattre to beat down + voix
voice.] The soundingPboard over a pulpit or rostrum.
AbOawed6 (?), p.p. [Perh. p.p. of a verb fr. OF. abaubir
to frighten, disconcert, fr. L. ad + balbus stammering.]
Astonished; abashed. [Obs.]
AbOax6iOal (?), AbOax6ile (?),} a. [L. ab + axis axle.]
(Bot.) Away from the axis or central line; eccentric.
AObay6 (?), n. [OF. abay barking.] Barking; baying of
dogs upon their prey. See Bay. [Obs.]
Abb (?), n. [AS. ?; pref. aP + web. See Web.] Among
weaves, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the
Ab6ba (?), n. [Syriac ? father. See Abbot.] Father;
religious superior; P in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic
churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops
to the patriarch.
Ab6baOcy (?), n.; pl. Abbacies (?). [L. abbatia, fr.
abbas, abbatis, abbot. See Abbey.] The dignity, estate, or
jurisdiction of an abbot.
AbOba6tial (?), a. [LL. abbatialis : cf. F. abbatial.]
Belonging to an abbey; as, abbatial rights.
AbObat6icOal (?), a. Abbatial. [Obs.]
XAb6b.7 (?), n.[F. abb.. See Abbot.] The French word
answering to the English abbot, the head of an abbey; but
commonly a title of respect given in France to every one
vested with the ecclesiastical habit or dress.
5 After the 16th century, the name was given, in social
parlance, to candidates for some priory or abbey in the gift
of the crown. Many of these aspirants became well known in
literary and fashionable life. By further extension, the
name came to be applied to unbeneficed secular ecclesiastics
Ab6bess (?), n. [OF.abaesse, abeesse, F. abbesse, L.
abbatissa, fem. of abbas, abbatis, abbot. See Abbot.] A
female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of
nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the
abbots have over the monks. See Abbey.
Ab6bey (?), n.; pl. Abbeys (?). [OF. aba.e, F. abbaye,
L. abbatia, fr. abbas abbot. See Abbot.] 1. A monastery or
society of persons of either sex, secluded from the world
and devoted to religion and celibacy; also, the monastic
building or buildings.
5 The men are called monks, and governed by an abbot;
the women are called nuns, and governed by an abbess.
2. The church of a monastery.

<-- p. 3 -->

In London, the Abbey means Westminster Abbey, and in
Scotland, the precincts of the Abbey of Holyrood. The name
is also retained for a private residence on the site of an
abbey; as, Newstead Abbey, the residence of Lord Byron.
Syn.P Monastery; convent; nunnery; priory; cloister. See

Ab6bot (?), n. [AS. abbod, abbad, L. abbas, abbatis, Gr.
?, fr. Syriac ? father. Cf. Abba, Abb..]
1. The superior or head of an abbey.
2. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly
Abbot of the people, a title formerly given to one of
the chief magistrates in Genoa. P Abbot of Misrule (or Lord
of Misrule), in medi.val times, the master of revels, as at
Christmas; in Scotland called the Abbot of Unreason.

Ab6botOship (?), n. [Abbot + Oship.] The state or office of
an abbot.
AbObre6viOate (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abbreviated (?); p.pr.
& vb.n. Abbreviating.] [L. abbreviatus, p.p. of abbreviare;
ad + breviare to shorten, fr. brevis short. See Abridge.] 1.
To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by
contraction or omission, especially of words written or
It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by
cutting off.
2. (Math.) To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction.
AbObre6viOate (?), a. [L. abbreviatus, p.p.] 1. Abbreviated;
abridged; shortened. [R.] =The abbreviate form.8
2. (Biol.) Having one part relatively shorter than another
or than the ordinary type.
AbObre6viOate, n. An abridgment. [Obs.]
AbObre6viOa7ted (?), a. Shortened; relatively short;
AbObre7viOa6tion (?), n. [LL. abbreviatio: cf. F.
abbr.viation.] 1. The act of shortening, or reducing.
2. The result of abbreviating; an abridgment.
3. The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by
contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing for
a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for
Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.
4. (Mus.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note,
dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or
AbObre6viOa7tor (?), n. [LL.: cf. F. abbr.viateur.] 1. One
who abbreviates or shortens.
2. One of a college of seventyPtwo officers of the papal
court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on
a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards
expand the minute into official form.
AbObre6viOaOtoOry (?), a. Serving or tending to abbreviate;
shortening; abridging.
AbObre6viOaOture (?), n. 1. An abbreviation; an abbreviated
state or form. [Obs.]
2. An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.
This is an excellent abbreviature of the whole duty of a
Jer. Taylor.
Abb6 wool (?). See Abb.
A B C6 (?). 1. The first three letters of the alphabet, used
for the whole alphabet.
2. A primer for teaching the alphabet and first elements of
reading. [Obs.]
3. The simplest rudiments of any subject; as, the A B Cof
A B C book, a primer.
XAb6dal (?), n. [Ar. badFl, pl. abd>l, a substitute, a good,
religious man, saint, fr. badalato change, substitute.] A
religious devotee or dervish in Persia.
AbOde6riOan (?), a. [From Abdera, a town in Thrace, of which
place Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher, was a native.]
Given to laughter; inclined to foolish or incessant
AbOde6rite (?), n. [L. Abderita, Abderites, fr. Gr. '?.] An
inhabitant of Abdera, in Thrace.
The Abderite, Democritus, the Laughing Philosopher.
Ab6dest (?), n. [Per. >bdast; ab water + dast hand.]
Purification by washing the hands before prayer; P a
Mohammedan rite.
Ab6diOcaOble (?), a. Capable of being abdicated.
Ab6diOcant (?), a. [L. abdicans, p.pr. of abdicare.]
Abdicating; renouncing; P followed by of.
Monks abdicant of their orders.
Ab6diOcant, n. One who abdicates.
Ab6diOcate (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abdicated (?); p.pr. &
vb.n. Abdicating.] [L. abdicatus, p.p. of abdicare; ab +
dicare to proclaim, akin to dicere to say. See Diction.] 1.
To surrender or relinquish, as sovereign power; to withdraw
definitely from filling or exercising, as a high office,
station, dignity; as, to abdicate the throne, the crown, the
5 The word abdicate was held to mean, in the case of James
II., to abandon without a formal surrender.
The crossPbearers abdicated their service.
2. To renounce; to relinquish; P said of authority, a trust,
duty, right, etc.
He abdicates all right to be his own governor.
The understanding abdicates its functions.
3. To reject; to cast off. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
4. (Civil Law) To disclaim and expel from the family, as a
father his child; to disown; to disinherit.
Syn. - To give up; quit; vacate; relinquish; forsake;
abandon; resign; renounce; desert. P To Abdicate, Resign.
Abdicate commonly expresses the act of a monarch in
voluntary and formally yielding up sovereign authority; as,
to abdicate the government. Resign is applied to the act of
any person, high or low, who gives back an office or trust
into the hands of him who conferred it. Thus, a minister
resigns, a military officer resigns, a clerk resigns. The
expression, =The king resigned his crown,8 sometimes occurs
in our later literature, implying that he held it from his
people. P There are other senses of resign which are not
here brought into view.
Ab6diOcate (?), v.i. To relinquish or renounce a throne, or
other high office or dignity.
Though a king may abdicate for his own person, he cannot
abdicate for the monarchy.
Ab7diOca6tion (?), n. [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.] The
act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office,
dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary
renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the
throne, government, power, authority.
Ab6diOcaOtive (?), a. [L. abdicativus.] Causing, or
implying, abdication. [R.]
Ab6diOca7tor (?), n. One who abdicates.
Ab6diOtive (?), a. [L. abditivus, fr. abdereto hide.]
Having the quality of hiding. [R.]
Ab6diOtoOry (?), n. [L. abditorium.] A place for hiding or
preserving articles of value.
AbOdo6men (?), n. [L. abdomen (a word of uncertain etymol.):
cf. F. abdomen.] 1. (Anat.) The belly, or that part of the
body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of
the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains
the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often
restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the
commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the
pelvic cavity.
2. (Zo.l.) The posterior section of the body, behind the
thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.
AbOdom6iOnal (?), a. [Cf. F. abdominal.] 1. Of or pertaining
to the abdomen; ventral; as, the abdominal regions, muscles,
2. (Zo.l.) Having abdominal fins; belonging to the
Abdominales; as, abdominal fishes.
Abdominal ring (Anat.), a fancied ringlike opening on each
side of the abdomen, external and superior to the pubes; P
called also inguinal ring.
AbOdom6iOnal, n.; E. pl. Abdominals, L. pl. Abdominales. A
fish of the group Abdominales.
XAbOdom7iOna6les (?), n. pl. [NL., masc. pl.] (Zo.l.) A
group including the greater part of freshPwater fishes, and
many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen
behind the pectorals.
XAbOdom7iOna6liOa (?), n. pl. [NL., neut. pl.] (Zo.l.) A
group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages.
AbOdom7iOnos6coOpy (?), n. [L. abdomen + Gr. ? to examine.]
(Med.) Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal
AbOdom7iOnoOthoOrac6ic (?), a. Relating to the abdomen and
the thorax, or chest.
AbOdom6iOnous (?), a. Having a protuberant belly;
Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan,
Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan.
AbOduce6 (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abduced (?); p.pr. & vb.n.
Abducing.] [L. abducereto lead away; ab + ducere to lead.
See Duke, and cf. Abduct.] To draw or conduct away; to
withdraw; to draw to a different part. [Obs. or Archaic]
If we abduce the eye unto corner, the object will not
Sir T.Browne.
AbOdu6cent (?), a. [L. abducens, p.pr. of abducere.]
(Physiol.) Drawing away from a common center, or out of the
median line; as, the abducent muscles. Opposed to adducent.
AbOduct6 (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abducted (?); p.pr. & vb.n.
Abducting.] [L. abductus, p.p. of abducere. See Abduce.] 1.
To take away surreptitiously by force; to carry away (a
human being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.
2. To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary
AbOduc6tion (?), n. [L. abductio: cf. F. abduction.] 1. The
act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying
2. (Physiol.) The movement which separates a limb or other
part from the axis, or middle line, of the body.
3. (Law) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying
off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the
abduction of an heiress.
4. (Logic) A syllogism or form of argument in which the
major is evident, but the minor is only probable.
AbOduc6tor (?), n. [NL.] 1. One who abducts.
2. (Anat.) A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form
the median line of the body; as, the abductor oculi, which
draws the eye outward.
AObeam6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + beam.] (Naut.) On the beam,
that is, on a line which forms a right angle with the ship's
keel; opposite to the center of the ship's side.
AObear6 (?), v.t. [AS. >beran; pref. >O + beran to bear.] 1.
To bear; to behave. [Obs.]
So did the faery knight himself abear.
2. To put up with; to endure. [Prov.]
AObear6ance (?), n. Behavior. [Obs.]
AObear6ing, n. Behavior. [Obs.]
Sir. T.More.
A7beOceOda6riOan (?), n. [L. abecedarius. A word from the
first four letters of the alphabet.] 1. One who is learning
the alphabet; hence, a tyro.
2. One engaged in teaching the alphabet.
A7beOceOda6riOan, A7beOce6daOry (?), } a. Pertaining to, or
formed by, the letters of the alphabet; alphabetic; hence,
Abecedarian psalms, hymns, etc., compositions in which (like
the 119th psalm in Hebrew) distinct portions or verses
commence with successive letters of the alphabet.
A7beOce6daOry (?), n. A primer; the first principle or
rudiment of anything. [R.]
AObed6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO in, on + bed.] 1. In bed, or on
the bed.
Not to be abed after midnight.
2. To childbed (in the phrase =brought abed,8 that is,
delivered of a child).
AObeg6ge (?). Same as Aby. [Obs.]
AObele6 (?), n. [D. abeel (abeelPboom), OF. abel, aubel, fr.
a dim. of L. albus white.] The white polar (Populus alba).
Six abeles i' the churchyard grow.
Mrs. Browning.
AObel6iOan (?), A6belOite (?), A7belOo6niOan (?), } n.
(Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in Africa (4th century),
mentioned by St. Augustine, who states that they married,
but lived in continence, after the manner, as they
pretended, of Abel.
A6belOmosk7 (?), n. [NL. abelmoschus, fr. Ar. abuPlPmisk
father of musk, i.e., producing musk. See Musk.] (Bot.) An
evergreen shrub (Hibiscus P formerly AbelmoschusPmoschatus),
of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky
seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; P
sometimes called musk mallow.
Ab7 erPdePvine6 (?), n. (Zo.l.) The European siskin
(Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related
to the goldfinch.
AbOerr6 (?), v.i. [L. aberrare. See Aberrate.] To wander; to
stray. [Obs.]
Sir T.Browne.
AbOer6rance (?), AbOer6ranOcy (?), } n. State of being
aberrant; a wandering from the right way; deviation from
truth, rectitude, etc.
Aberrancy of curvature (Geom.), the deviation of a curve
from a circular form.
AbOer6rant (?), a. [L. aberrans, Orantis, p.pr. of
aberrare.] See Aberr.] 1. Wandering; straying from the right
2. (Biol.) Deviating from the ordinary or natural type;
exceptional; abnormal.
The more aberrant any form is, the greater must have been
the number of connecting forms which, on my theory, have
been exterminated.
Ab6erOrate (?), v.i. [L. aberratus, p.pr. of aberrare; ab +
errare to wander. See Err.] To go astray; to diverge. [R.]
Their own defective and aberrating vision.
De Quincey.
Ab7erOra6tion (?), n. [L. aberratio: cf. F. aberration. See
Aberrate.] 1. The act of wandering; deviation, especially
from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or
from a type. =The aberration of youth.8 Hall. =Aberrations
from theory.8 Burke.
2. A partial alienation of reason. =Occasional aberrations
of intellect.8 Lingard.
Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain,
pass with heat into epidemic form.
3. (Astron.) A small periodical change of position in the
stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect
of the motion of light and the motion of the observer;
called annual aberration, when the observer's motion is that
of the earth in its orbit, and dairy or diurnal aberration,
when of the earth on its axis; amounting when greatest, in
the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''.
Planetaryaberration is that due to the motion of light and
the motion of the planet relative to the earth.
4. (Opt.) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or
mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same
point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus;
called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form
of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for
central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when
due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the
spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.
5. (Physiol.) The passage of blood or other fluid into parts
not appropriate for it.
6. (Law) The producing of an unintended effect by the
glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A
glances and strikes B.
Syn. - Insanity; lunacy; madness; derangement; alienation;
mania; dementia; hallucination; illusion; delusion. See
Ab7erOra6tionOal (?), a. Characterized by aberration.
Ab7eOrun6cate (?), v.t. [L. aberuncare, for aberruncare. See
Averruncate.] To weed out. [Obs.]
Ab7eOrun6caOtor (?), n. A weeding machine.
AObet6 (?), v.t. [imp. & p.p. Abetted (?); p.pr. & vb.n.
Abetting.] [OF. abeter; a (L. ad) + beter to bait (as a
bear), fr. Icel. beita to set dogs on, to feed, originally,
to cause to bite, fr. Icel. bFtato bite, hence to bait, to
incite. See Bait, Bet.] 1. To instigate or encourage by aid
or countenance; P used in a bad sense of persons and acts;
as, to abet an illPdoer; to abet one in his wicked courses;
to abet vice; to abet an insurrection. =The whole tribe
abets the villany.8
Would not the fool abet the stealth,
Who rashly thus exposed his wealth?
2. To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; P in a good
sense. [Obs.]r duty is urged, and our confidence abetted.
Jer. Taylor.
3. (Law)To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the
commission of an offense.
Syn. - To incite; instigate; set on; egg on; foment;
advocate; countenance; encourage; second; uphold; aid;
assist; support; sustain; back; connive at.
AObet6 (?), n. [OF. abet, fr. abeter.] Act of abetting; aid.
AObet6ment (?), n. The act of abetting; as, an abetment of
treason, crime, etc.
AObet6tal (?), n. Abetment. [R.]

<-- p. 4 -->

AObet6ter, AObetOtor } (#), n. One who abets; an instigator
of an offense or an offender.
5 The form abettor is the legal term and also in general
Syn. P Abettor, Accessory, Accomplice. These words denote
different degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An
abettor is one who incites or encourages to the act, without
sharing in its performance. An accessory supposes a
principal offender. One who is neither the chief actor in an
offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes to or
becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous or
subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or
concealing, etc., is an accessory. An accomplice is one who
participates in the commission of an offense, whether as
principal or accessory. Thus in treason, there are no
abettors or accessories, but all are held to be principals
or accomplices.
Ab7eOvac6uOa6tion (#), n. [Pref. abO + evacuation.] (Med.) A
partial evacuation.
AObey6ance (#), n. [OF. abeance expectation, longing; a (L.
ad) + baer, beer, to gape, to look with open mouth, to
expect, F. bayer, LL. badare to gape.] 1. (Law) Expectancy;
condition of being undetermined.
5 When there is no person in existence in whom an
inheritance (or a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in
abeyance, that is, in expectation; the law considering it as
always potentially existing, and ready to vest whenever a
proper owner appears.
2. Suspension; temporary suppression.
Keeping the sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant
state, or state of abeyance.
De Quincey.
AObey6anOcy (#), n. Abeyance. [R.]
AObey6ant (#), a. Being in a state of abeyance. 
X Ab6hal (#), n. The berries of a species of cypress in the
East Indies.
AbOhom6iOnaOble (#), a. Abominable. [A false orthography
anciently used; h was foisted into various words; hence
abholish, for abolish, etc.]
This is abhominable, which he [Don Armado] would call
Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.
AbOhom7iOnal (#), a. [L. ab away from + homo, hominis, man.]
Inhuman. [Obs.]
AbOhor6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abhorred (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Abhorring.] [L. abhorrere; ab + horrere to bristle,
shiver, shudder: cf. F. abhorrer. See Horrid.] 1. To shrink
back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or
detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest
to extremity; to loathe.
Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
Rom. xii. 9.
2. To fill with horror or disgust. [Obs.]
It doth abhor me now I speak the word.
3. (Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly.
I utterly abhor, yea, from my soul
Refuse you for my judge.
Syn. P To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate.
AbOhor6, v. i. To shrink back with horror, disgust, or
dislike; to be contrary or averse; P with from. [Obs.] =To
abhor from those vices.8
Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law.
AbOhor6rence (#), n. Extreme hatred or detestation; the
feeling of utter dislike.
AbOhor6renOcy (#), n. Abhorrence. [Obs.] 
AbOhor6rent (#), a. [L. abhorens, Orentis, p. pr. of
abhorrere.] 1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing
abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as,
abhorrent thoughts.
The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason.
The arts of pleasure in despotic courts
I spurn abhorrent.
2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; P
followed by to. =Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent to
our stricter principles.8
3. Detestable. =Pride, abhorrent as it is.8
I. Taylor.
AbOhor6rentOly, adv. With abhorrence.
AbOhor6rer (#), n. One who abhors.
AbOhor6riOble (#), a. Detestable. [R.]
AbOhor6ring (#), n. 1. Detestation.
2. Object of abhorrence.
Isa. lxvi. 24.
X A6bib (#), n. [Heb. abFb, lit. an ear of corn. The month
was so called from barley being at that time in ear.] The
first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding
nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this
month was called Nisan.
AObid6ance (#), n. The state of abiding; abode; continuance;
compliance (with).
The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of
A judicious abidance by rules.
AObide6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abode (#), formerly Abid
(#); p. pr. & vb. n. Abiding (#).] [AS. >bFdan; pref. ? (cf.
Goth. usO, G. erO, orig. meaning out) + bFdan to bide. See
Bide.] 1. To wait; to pause; to delay. [Obs.]
2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to
dwell; to sojourn; P with with before a person, and commonly
with at or in before a place.
Let the damsel abide with us a few days.
Gen. xxiv. 55.
3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to
continue; to remain.
Let every man abide in the same calling.
1 Cor. vii. 20.
Followed by by: To abide by. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to
The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he
said at first.
(b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision
or an award.
AObide6, v. t. 1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await;
to watch for; as, I abide my time. =I will abide the coming
of my lord.8
[Obs., with a personal object.]
Bonds and afflictions abide me.
Acts xx. 23.
2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.
[Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it.
3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.
She could not abide Master Shallow.
4. [Confused with aby to pay for. See Aby.] To stand the
consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.
Dearly I abide that boast so vain.
AObid6er (#), n. 1. One who abides, or continues. [Obs.]
=Speedy goers and strong abiders.8
2. One who dwells; a resident.
AObid6ing, a. Continuing; lasting.
AObid6ingOly, adv. Permanently.
X A6biOes (#), n. [L., fir tree.] (Bot.) A genus of
coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and
the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to
this genus.
Ab6iOeOtene (#), n. [L. abies, abietis, a fir tree.] A
volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut
pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.
Ab7iOet6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its
products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid.
Ab6iOeOtin, Ab6iOeOtine } (#), n. [See Abietene.] (Chem.) A
resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada
balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water,
but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in
strong acetic acid, and in ether.
Ab7iOtin6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to abietin; as,
abietinic acid.
Ab6iOtite (#), n. (Chem.) A substance resembling mannite,
found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe
(Abies pectinata).
Eng. Cyc.
Ab6iOgail (#), n. [The proper name used as an appellative.]
A lady's waitingPmaid.
Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night
curls for sleeping in.
AObil6iOment (#), n. Habiliment. [Obs.]
AObil6iOty (#), n.; pl. Abilities (#). [F. habilet., earlier
spelling habilit. (with silent h), L. habilitas aptitude,
ability, fr. habilis apt. See Able.] The quality or state of
being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral,
intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or
competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill,
resources, etc.; P in the plural, faculty, talent.
Then the disciples, every man according to his ability,
determined to send relief unto the brethren.
Acts xi. 29.
Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning
by study.
The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of
Syn. P Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability;
efficiency; aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill.
Ability, Capacity. These words come into comparison when
applied to the higher intellectual powers. Ability has
reference to the active exercise of our faculties. It
implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and
promptitude of execution which arise from mental training.
Thus, we speak of the ability with which a book is written,
an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It
always something to be done, and the power of doing it.
Capacity has reference to the receptive powers. In its
higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension
and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for
acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it
the idea of resources and undeveloped power. Thus we speak
of the extraordinary capacity of such men as Lord Bacon,
Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. =Capacity,8 says H. Taylor,
=is requisite to devise, and ability to execute, a great
enterprise.8 The word abilities, in the plural, embraces
both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments.
AObime6 or AObyme6 (#), n. [F. ab.me. See Abysm.] A abyss.
Ab7iOoOgen6eOsis (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? life + ?, origin,
birth.] (Biol.) The supposed origination of living organisms
from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the
action of living parents; spontaneous generation; P called
also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.
I shall call the... doctrine that living matter may be
produced by not living matter, the hypothesis of
Huxley, 1870.
Ab7iOoOgeOnet6ic (#), a. (Biol.) Of or pertaining to
abiogenesis. P Ab7iOoOgeOnet6icOalOly (#), adv.
Ab7iOog6eOnist (#), n. (Biol.) One who believes that life
can be produced independently of antecedent.
Ab7iOog6eOnous (#), a. (Biol.) Produced by spontaneous
Ab7iOog6eOny (#), n. (Biol.) Same as Abiogenesis.
Ab7iOoOlog6icOal (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. biological.]
Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.
AbOir6riOtant (#), n. (Med.) A medicine that diminishes
AbOir6riOtate (#), v. t. [Pref. abO + irritate.] (Med.) To
diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.
AbOir7riOta6tion (#), n. (Med.) A pathological condition
opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength;
AbOir6riOtaOtive (#), a. (Med.) Characterized by
abirritation or debility.
AObit6 (#), 3d sing. pres. of Abide. [Obs.]
Ab6ject (#), a. [L. abjectus, p. p. of abjicere to throw
away; ab + jacere to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] 1.
Cast down; lowPlying. [Obs.]
From the safe shore their floating carcasses
And broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood.
2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope;
degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject
posture, fortune, thoughts. =Base and abject flatterers.8
Addison. =An abject liar.8 Macaulay.
And banish hence these abject, lowly dreams.
Syn. P Mean; groveling; cringing; meanPspirited; slavish;
ignoble; worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.
AbOject6 (#), v. t. [From Abject, a.] To cast off or down;
hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. [Obs.]
Ab6ject (#), n. A person in the lowest and most despicable
condition; a castaway. [Obs.]
Shall these abjects, these victims, these outcasts, know any
thing of pleasure?
I. Taylor.
AbOject6edOness (#), n. A very abject or low condition;
abjectness. [R.]
AbOjec6tion (#), n. [F. abjection, L. abjectio.] 1. The act
of bringing down or humbling. =The abjection of the king and
his realm.8
2. The state of being rejected or cast out. [R.]
An adjection from the beatific regions where God, and his
angels and saints, dwell forever.
Jer. Taylor.
3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement;
That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or
servility, is it credible?
Ab6jectOly (#), adv. Meanly; servilely.
Ab6jectOness, n. The state of being abject; abasement;
meanness; servility.
AbOjudge6 (#), v. t. [Pref. abO + judge, v. Cf. Abjudicate.]
To take away by judicial decision. [R.]
AbOju6diOcate (#), v. t. [L. abjudicatus, p. p. of
abjudicare; ab + judicare. See Judge, and cf. Abjudge.] To
reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge. [Obs.]
AbOju7diOca6tion (#), n. Rejection by judicial sentence.
Ab6juOgate (#), v. t. [L. abjugatus, p. p. of abjugare.] To
unyoke. [Obs.]
AbOjunc6tive (#), a. [L. abjunctus, p. p. of abjungere; ab +
jungere to join.] Exceptional. [R.]
It is this power which leads on from the accidental and
abjunctive to the universal.
I. Taylor.
Ab7juOra6tion (#), n. [L. abjuratio: cf. F. abjuration.] 1.
The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon
oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an
oath taken to leave the country and never to return.
2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration
of heresy.
Oath of abjuration, an oath asserting the right of the
present royal family to the crown of England, and expressly
abjuring allegiance to the descendants of the Pretender.
Brande & C.
AbOju6raOtoOry (#), a. Containing abjuration.
AbOjure6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abjured (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Abjuring (#).] [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab +
jurare to swear, fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer.
See Jury.] 1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to
disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the
realm, is to swear to abandon it forever.
2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to
abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors.
=Magic I here abjure.8
Syn. P See Renounce.
AbOjure6, v. i. To renounce on oath.
Bp. Burnet.
AbOjure6ment (#), n. Renunciation. [R.]
AbOjur6er (#), n. One who abjures.
AbOlac6tate (#), v. t. [L. ablactatus, p. p. of ablactare;
ab + lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.] To wean. [R.]
Ab7lacOta6tion (#). n. 1. The weaning of a child from the
breast, or of young beasts from their dam.
2. (Hort.) The process of grafting now called inarching, or
grafting by approach.
AbOla6queOate (#), v. t. [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of.
ablaqueare; fr. ab + laqueus a noose.] To lay bare, as the
roots of a tree. [Obs.]
AbOla7queOa6tion (#), n. [L. ablaqueatio.] The act or
process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to
the air and water. [Obs.]
Ab7lasOtem6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? growth.] (Biol.)
AbOla6tion (#), n. [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre
to carry away; ab + latus, p. p. of ferre carry: cf. F.
ablation. See Tolerate.] 1. A carrying or taking away;
Jer. Taylor.
2. (Med.) Extirpation.
3. (Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste.
Ab7laOti6tious (#), a. Diminishing; as, an ablatitious
Sir J. Herschel.
Ab6laOtive (#), a. [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr.
ablatus. See Ablation.] 1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.]
Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablatire
directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can
learn truth.
Bp. Hall. 
2. (Gram.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin
and some other languages, P the fundamental meaning of the
case being removal, separation, or taking away.
Ab6laOtive, (Gram.) The ablative case.
ablative absolute, costruction in Latin, in which a noun in
the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or
implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both
words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected,
grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio
regnante, Pythagoras venit, i. e., Tarquinius reigning,
Pythagoras came.
X Ab6laut (#), n. [Ger., offPsound; ab off + laut sound.]
(Philol.) The substitution of one root vowel for another,
thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or
meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song;
hang, hung.

AOblaze6 (#), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + blaze.] 1. On fire; in a
blaze, gleaming.
All ablaze with crimson and gold.
2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.
The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist
A6ble (#), a. [Comp. Abler (#); superl. Ablest (#).] [OF.
habile, L. habilis that may be easily held or managed, apt,
skillful, fr. habere to have, hold. Cf. Habile and see
Habit.] 1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.]
A many man, to ben an abbot able.
2. Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means,
or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed
of qualifications rendering competent for some end;
competent; qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier,
seaman, a man able to work; a mind able to reason; a person
able to be generous; able to endure pain; able to play on a
3. Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong
mental powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever;
powerful; as, the ablest man in the senate; an able speech.
No man wrote abler state papers.
4. (Law) Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence;
as, able to inherit or devise property.
Able for, is Scotticism. =Hardly able for such a march.8
Syn. P Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective;
capable; skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.
A6ble, v. t. [See Able, a.] [Obs.] 1. To make able; to
enable; to strengthen.
2. To vouch for. =I 'll able them.8
OaOble (#). [F. Oable, L. Oabilis.] An adjective suffix now
usually in a passive sense; able to be; fit to be;
expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as,
movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended;
blamable, fit to be blamed; salable.
The form Oible is used in the same sense.
5 It is difficult to say when we are not to use Oable
instead of Oible. =Yet a rule may be laid down as to when we
are to use it. To all verbs, then, from the AngloPSaxon, to
all based on the uncorrupted infinitival stems of Latin
verbs of the first conjugation, and to all substantives,
whencesoever sprung, we annex Oable only.8
Fitzed. Hall.
A7blePbod6ied (#), a. Having a sound, strong body;
physically competent; robust. =AblePbodied vagrant.8 Froude.
P A7blePbod6iedOness, n.
Ab6leOgate (#), v. t. [L. ablegatus, p. p. of ablegare; ab +
legare to send with a commission. See Legate.] To send
abroad. [Obs.]
Ab6leOgate (#), n. (R. C. Ch.) A representative of the pope
charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one
of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his
insignia of office.
Ab7leOga6tion (#), n. [L. ablegatio.] The act of sending
abroad. [Obs.]
Jer. Taylor.
A7blePmind6ed (#), a. Having much intellectual power. P
A7blePmind6edOness, n.
A6bleOness (#), n. Ability of body or mind; force; vigor.
[Obs. or R.]
Ab6lepOsy (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? to see.] Blindness.
A6bler (#), a., comp. of Able. P A6blest (#), a., superl. of
Ab6let (#), Ab6len ] [F. ablet, ablette, a dim. fr. LL.
abula, for albula, dim. of albus white. Cf. Abele.] (Zo.l.)
A small freshPwater fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.
Ab6liOgate (#), v. t. [L. ab + ligatus, p. p. of ligare to
tie.] To tie up so as to hinder from. [Obs.]
AbOlig7uOri6tion (?), n. [L. abligurito, fr. abligurire to
spend in luxurious indulgence; ab + ligurire to be
lickerish, dainty, fr. lingere to lick.] Prodigal expense
for food. [Obs.]
A6blins (#), adv. [See Able.] Perhaps. [Scot.]
AObloom6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + bloom.] In or into bloom; in
a blooming state.
AbOlude6 (#), v. t. [L. abludere; ab + ludere to play.] To
be unlike; to differ. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
Ab6luOent (#), a. [L. abluens, p. pr. of. abluere to wash
away; ab + luere (lavere, lavare). See Lave.] Washing away;
carrying off impurities; detergent. P n. (Med.) A detergent.
AOblush6 (#), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + blush.] Blushing; ruddy.
AbOlu7tion (#), n. [L. ablutio, fr. abluere: cf. F.
ablution. See Abluent.] 1. The act of washing or cleansing;
specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it,
as a religious rite.
2. The water used in cleansing. =Cast the ablutions in the
3. (R. C. Ch.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is
used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the
communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of
the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.
AbOlu6tionOaOry (#), a. Pertaining to ablution.
AbOlu6viOon (#), n. [LL. abluvio. See Abluent.] That which
is washed off. [R.]
A6bly (#), adv. In an able manner; with great ability; as,
ably done, planned, said.
OaObly (#). A suffix composed of Oable and the adverbial
suffix Oly; as, favorably.
Ab6neOgate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abnegated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Abnegating.] [L. abnegatus,p. p. of abnegare; ab + negare
to deny. See Deny.] To deny and reject; to abjure.
Sir E. Sandys. Farrar.
Ab7neOga6tion (#), n. [L. abnegatio: cf. F. abn.gation.] a
denial; a renunciation.
With abnegation of God, of his honor, and of religion, they
may retain the friendship of the court.
Ab6neOgaOtive (#), a. [L. abnegativus.] Denying; renouncing;
negative. [R.]
Ab6nePga7tor (#), n. [L.] One who abnegates, denies, or
rejects anything. [R.]
X Ab6net (#), n. [Heb.] The girdle of a Jewish priest or
Ab6noOdate (#), v. t. [L. abnodatus, p. p. of abnodare; ab +
nodus knot.] To clear (tress) from knots. [R.]
Ab7noOda6tion (#), n. The act of cutting away the knots of
trees. [R.]
AbOnor6mal (#), a. [For earlier anormal.F. anormal, LL.
anormalus for anomalus, Gr. ?. Confused with L. abnormis.
See Anomalous, Abnormous, Anormal.] Not conformed to rule or
system; deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. =That
deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. 8
Ab7norOmal6iOty (#), n.; pl. Abnormalities (#). 1. The state
or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity.
2. Something abnormal.
AbOnor6malOly (#), adv. In an abnormal manner; irregularly.
AbOnor6miOty (#), n.; pl. Abnormities (#). [LL. abnormitas.
See Abnormous.] Departure from the ordinary type;
irregularity; monstrosity. =An abnormity... like a calf born
with two heads.8
Mrs. Whitney.
AbOnor6mous (#), a. [L. abnormis; ab + norma rule. See
Normal.] Abnormal; irregular.
A character of a more abnormous cast than his equally
suspected coadjutor.
State Trials.
AOboard6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO on, in + board.]
. On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or
within a railway car.
2. Alongside; as, close aboard.
Naut.: To fall aboard of, to strike a ship's side; to fall
foul of. P To haul the tacks aboard, to set the courses. P
To keep the land aboard, to hug the shore. P To lay (a ship)
aboard, to place one's own ship close alongside of (a ship)
for fighting.
AOboard6, prep. 1. On board of; as, to go aboard a ship.
2.Across; athwart. [Obs.]
Nor iron bands aboard
The Pontic Sea by their huge navy cast.
AObod6ance (#), n. [See Bode.] An omen; a portending. [Obs.]
AObode6 (#), pret. of Abide.
AObode6, n. [OE. abad, abood, fr. abiden to abide. See
Abide. For the change of vowel, cf. abode, imp. of abide.]
1. Act of waiting; delay. [Obs.]
And with her fled away without abode.
2. Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.
He waxeth at your abode here.
3. Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place;
residence; a dwelling; a habitation.
Come, let me lead you to our poor abode.
AObode6, n. [See Bode, v. t.] An omen. [Obs.]
HighPthundering Juno's husband stirs my spirit with true
AObode6, v. t. To bode; to foreshow. [Obs.]
AObode6, v. i. To be ominous. [Obs.]
AObode6ment (#), n. A foreboding; an omen. [Obs.]
=Abodements must not now affright us.8
AObod6ing (#), n. A foreboding. [Obs.]
AObol6ish (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abolished (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Abolishing.] [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab +
olere to grow. Cf. Finish.]
1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; P said of
laws, customs, institutions, governments, etc.; as, to
abolish slavery, to abolish folly.
2. To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to
wipe out. [Archaic]
And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot.
His quick instinctive hand
Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him.
Syn. P To Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Revoke, Annul, Nullify,
Cancel. These words have in common the idea of setting aside
by some overruling act. Abolish applies particularly to
things of a permanent nature, such as institutions, usages,
customs, etc.; as, to abolish monopolies, serfdom, slavery.
Repeal describes the act by which the legislature of a state
sets aside a law which it had previously enacted. Abrogate
was originally applied to the repeal of a law by the Roman
people; and hence, when the power of making laws was usurped
by the emperors, the term was applied to their act of
setting aside the laws. Thus it came to express that act by
which a sovereign or an executive government sets aside
laws, ordinances, regulations, treaties, conventions, etc.
Revoke denotes the act or recalling some previous grant
which conferred, privilege, etc.; as, to revoke a decree, to
revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we
speak of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Annul is
used in a more general sense, denoting simply to make void;
as, to annul a contract, to annul an agreement. Nullify is
an old word revived in this country, and applied to the
setting of things aside either by force or by total
disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress. Cancel is to
strike out or annul, by a deliberate exercise of power,
something which has operative force. 
AObol6ishOaOble (#), a. [Cf. F. abolissable.] Capable of
being abolished.
AObol6ishOer (#), n. One who abolishes.
AObol6ishOment (#), n. [Cf. F. abolissement.] The act of
abolishing; abolition; destruction.
Ab6oOli6tion (#), n. [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F.
abolition. See Abolish.] The act of abolishing, or the state
of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter
destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave
trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs,
taxes, debts, etc.
5 The application of this word to persons is now unusual or
Ab7oOli6tionOism (#), n. The principles or measures of
Ab7oOli6tionOist, n. A person who favors the abolition of
any institution, especially negro slavery.
Ab7oOli7tionOize (#), v. t. To imbue with the principles of
abolitionism. [R.]
X AObo6ma (#), n. (Zo.l.) A large South American serpent
(Boa aboma).
X Ab7oOma6sum (#), X Ab7oOma6sus (#), } n. [NL., fr. L. ab +
omasum (a Celtic word.) (Anat.) The fourth or digestive
stomach of a ruminant, which leads from the third stomach
omasum. See Ruminantia.
AOboom6iOnaOble (#), a. [F. abominable. L. abominalis. See
Abominate.] 1. Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing
of evil omen; odious in the utmost degree; very hateful;
detestable; loathsome; execrable.
2. Excessive; large; P used as an intensive. [Obs.]
5 Juliana Berners... informs us that in her time [15th c.],
=a bomynable syght of monkes8 was elegant English for =a
large company of friars.8
G. P. Marsh. 
AObom6iOnaObleOness, n. The quality or state of being
abominable; odiousness.
AObom6iOnaObly (#), adv. In an abominable manner; very
odiously; detestably.
AObom6iOnate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abominated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Abominating.] [L. abominatus, p. p. or abominari to
deprecate as ominous, to abhor, to curse; ab + omen a
foreboding. See Omen.] To turn from as illPomened; to hate
in the highest degree, as if with religious dread; loathe;
as, to abominate all impiety.
Syn. P To hate; abhor; loathe; detest. See Hate.
AObom7iOna6tion (#), n. [OE. abominacioun, Ocion, F.
abominatio. See Abominate.] 1. The feeling of extreme
disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation; loathing; as,
he holds tobacco in abomination.
2. That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or
shamefully vile; an object or state that excites disgust and
hatred; a hateful or shameful vice; pollution.
Antony, most large in his abominations.
3. A cause of pollution or wickedness.
Syn. P Detestation; loathing; abhorrence; disgust; aversion;
loathsomeness; odiousness.
AObom6iOna7tor (#), n. One who abominates.
Sir W. Scott.
AOboon6 (#), prep. and adv. Above. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]
Aboon the pass of BallyPBrough.
Sir W. Scott.
The ceiling fair that rose aboon.
J. R. Drake.
AbOo6ral (#), a. [L. ab. + E. oral.] (Zo.l.) Situated
opposite to, or away from, the mouth.
X AObord6 (#), n. [F.] Manner of approaching or accosting;
AObord6 (#), v. t. [F. aborder, ? (L. ad) + bord rim, brim,
or side of a vessel. See Border, Board.] To approach; to
accost. [Obs.]
Ab7oOrig6iOnal (#), a. [See Aborigines.]
1. First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the
aboriginal tribes of America. =Mantled o'er with aboriginal
2. Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindoo of
aboriginal blood.
Ab7oOrig6iOnal, n. 1. An original inhabitant of any land;
one of the aborigines.
2. An animal or a plant native to the region.
It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of
these islands.
Ab7oOrig7iOnal6iOty (#), n. The quality of being aboriginal.
Westm. Rev.
Ab7oOrig6iOnalOly (#), adv. Primarily.
Ab7oOrig6iOness (#), n. pl. [L. Aborigines; ab + origo,
especially the first inhabitants of Latium, those who
originally (ab origine) inhabited Latium or Italy. See
Origin.] 1. The earliest known inhabitants of a country;
native races.
2. The original fauna and flora of a geographical area
AOborse6ment (#), n. Abortment; abortion. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
AObor6sive (#), a. Abortive. [Obs.]
AObort6 (#), v. i. [L. abortare, fr. abortus, p. p. of
aboriri; ab + oriri to rise, to be born. See Orient.]
1. To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.
2. (Biol.) To become checked in normal development, so as
either to remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to
become sterile.
AObort6, n. [L. abortus, fr. aboriri.] 1. An untimely birth.
Sir H. Wotton.
2. An aborted offspring. [Obs.]
AObort6ed, a. 1. Brought forth prematurely.
2. (Biol.) Rendered abortive or sterile; undeveloped;
checked in normal development at a very early stage; as,
spines are aborted branches.
The eyes of the cirripeds are more or less aborted in their
mature state.

AObor6tiOcide (#), n. [L. abortus + caedere to kill. See
Abort.] (Med.) The act of destroying a fetus in the womb;
AObor7tiOfa6cient (#), a. [L. abortus (see Abort, v.) +
faciens, p. pr. of facere to make.] Producing miscarriage. P
n. A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.
AObor6tion (#), n. [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See Abort.] 1.
The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the
expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is
capable of sustaining life; miscarriage.
5 Ii is sometimes used for the offense of procuring a
premature delivery, but strictly the early delivery is the
abortion, =causing or procuring abortion8 is the full name
of the offense.

p. 6

2. The immature product of an untimely birth.
3. (Biol.) Arrest of development of any organ, so that it
remains an imperfect formation or is absorbed.
4. Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or
anything which in its progress, before it is matured or
perfect; a complete failure; as, his attempt. proved an
AObor6tionOal (#), a. Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying;
AObor6tionOist, n. One who procures abortion or miscarriage.
AObor6tive (#), a. [L. abortivus, fr. aboriri. See Abort,
v.] 1. Produced by abortion; born prematurely; as, an
abortive child. [R.]
2. Made from the skin of a stillOborn animal; as, abortive
vellum. [Obs.]
3. Rendering fruitless or ineffectual. [Obs.] =Plunged in
that abortive gulf.8
4. Coming to naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying;
fruitless; unsuccessful; as, an abortive attempt. =An
abortive enterprise.8
5. (Biol.) Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary;
sterile; as, an abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc.
6. (Med.) (a) Causing abortion; as, abortive medicines.
Parr. (b) Cutting short; as, abortive treatment of typhoid
AObor6tive, n. 1. That which is born or brought forth
prematurely; an abortion. [Obs.]
2. A fruitless effort or issue. [Obs.]
3. A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing
AObor6tiveOly, adv. In an abortive or untimely manner;
immaturely; fruitlessly.
AObor6tiveOness, n. The quality of being abortive.
AObort6ment (#), n. Abortion. [Obs.]
AObought6 (#), imp. & p. p. of Aby. [Obs.]
AObound6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abounded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Abounding.] [OE. abounden, F. abonder, fr. L. abundare to
overflow, abound; ab + unda wave. Cf. Undulate.] 1. To be in
great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.
The wild boar which abounds in some parts of the continent
of Europe.
Where sin abounded grace did much more abound.
Rom. v. 20.
2. To be copiously supplied; P followed by in or with.
To abound in, to posses in such abundance as to be 
characterized by. P To abound with, to be filled with; to
possess in great numbers. 
Men abounding in natural courage.
A faithful man shall abound with blessings.
Prov. xxviii. 20.
It abounds with cabinets of curiosities.
AObout6 (#), prep. [OE. aboute, abouten, abuten; AS. >butan,
onbutan; on + butan, which is from be by + utan outward,
from ut out. See But, Out.]
1. Around; all round; on every side of. =Look about you.8
Shak. =Bind them about thy neck.8 Prov. iii. 3.
2. In the immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or
proximity to; near, as to place; by or on (one's person).
=Have you much money about you?8
3. Over or upon different parts of; through or over in
various directions; here and there in; to and fro in;
Lampoons... were handed about the coffeehouses.
Roving still about the world.
4. Near; not far from; P determining approximately time,
size, quantity. =ToPmorrow, about this time.8 Exod. ix. 18.
=About my stature.8 Shak.
He went out about the third hour.
Matt. xx. 3.
5 This use passes into the adverbial sense.
5. In concern with; engaged in; intent on.
I must be about my Father's business.
Luke ii. 49.
6. Before a verbal noun or an infinitive: On the point or
verge of; going; in act of.
Paul was now aboutto open his mouth.
Acts xviii. 14.
7. Concerning; with regard to; on account of; touching. =To
treat about thy ransom.8
She must have her way about Sarah.
AObout6, adv. 1. On all sides; around.
'Tis time to look about.
2. In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the
outside; as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across.
3. Here and there; around; in one place and another.
Wandering about from house to house.
1 Tim. v. 13.
4. Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in
quality, manner, degree, etc.; as, about as cold; about as
high; P also of quantity, number, time. =There fell... about
three thousand men.8
Exod. xxii. 28.
5. To a reserved position; half round; in the opposite
direction; on the opposite tack; as, to face about; to turn
one's self about.
To bring about, to cause to take place; to accomplish. P To
come about, to occur; to take place. See under Come. P To go
about, To set about, to undertake; to arrange; to prepare.
=Shall we set about some revels? Shak. P Round about, in
every direction around.
AObout6Psledge6 (#), n. The largest hammer used by smiths.
AObove6 (#), prep. [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon;
an (or on) on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under.
?199. See Over.] 1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on
or over the upper surface; over; P opposed to below or
Fowl that may fly above the earth.
Gen. i. 20.
2. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect;
surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than; as,
things above comprehension; above mean actions; conduct
above reproach. =Thy worth... is actions above my gifts.8
I saw in the way a light from heaven above the brightness of
the sun.
Acts xxxvi. 13.
3. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a
hundred. (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above,
adv., 4.)
above all, before every other consideration; chiefly; in
preference to other things.
Over and above, prep. or adv., besides; in addition to.
AObove6 (#), adv. 1. In a higher place; overhead; into or
from heaven; as, the clouds above.
2. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a
foregoing page. 8That was said above.8
3. Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court
4. More than; as, above five hundred were present.
Above is often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting
the word mentioned, quoted, or the like; as, the above
observations, the above reference, the above articles. P
Above is also used substantively. =The waters that come down
from above.8
Josh. iii. 13.
It is also used as the first part of a compound in the sense
of before, previously; as, abovePcited, abovePdescribed,
abovePmentioned, abovePnamed, abovesaid, abovespecified,
abovePwritten, abovePgiven.
AObove6board7 (#), adv. Above the board or table. Hence: in
open sight; without trick, concealment, or deception. =Fair
and aboveboard.8
5 This expression is said by Johnson to have been borrowed
from gamesters, who, when they change their cards, put their
hands under the table.
AObove6Pcit7ed (#), a. Cited before, in the preceding part
of a book or writing.
AObove6deck7 (#), a. On deck; and hence, like aboveboard,
without artifice.
AObove6Pmen7tioned (#), AObove6Pnamed7 (#), a.
AObove6Pnamed7 (#), a. Mentioned or named before; aforesaid.
AObove6said7 (#), a. Mentioned or recited before.
AObox6 (#), adv. & a. (Naut.) Braced aback.
Ab7raOcaOdab6ra (#), n. [L. Of unknown origin.] A mystical
word or collocation of letters written as in the figure.
Worn on an amulet it was supposed to ward off fever. At
present the word is used chiefly in jest to denote something
without meaning; jargon.
AbOra6dant (#), n. A material used for grinding, as emery,
sand, powdered glass, etc.
AbOrade6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abraded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Abrading.] [L. abradere, abrasum, to scrape off; ab + radere
to scrape. See Rase, Raze.] To rub or wear off; to waste or
wear away by friction; as, to abrade rocks.
AObrade6 (#), v. t. Same as Abraid. [Obs.]
A7braOham6ic (#), a. Pertaining to Abraham, the patriarch;
as, the Abrachamic covenant.
A7braOhamOit6ic, OicOal (#), a. Relating to the patriarch
A6braOhamPman7 (#) or A6bramPman7 (#), n. [Possibly in
allusion to the parable of the beggar Lazarus in Luke xvi.
Murray (New Eng. Dict.).] One of a set of vagabonds who
formerly roamed through England, feigning lunacy for the
sake of obtaining alms.
To sham Abraham, to feign sickness.
AObraid6 (#), v. t. & i. [OE. abraiden, to awake, draw (a
sword), AS. >bredgan to shake, draw; pref. >O (cf. Goth.
usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + bregdan to shake, throw.
See Braid.] To awake; to arouse; to stir or start up; also,
to shout out. [Obs.]
AObran6chiOal (#), a. (Zo.l.) Abranchiate.
X AObran7chiOa6ta (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? priv. + ?,
pl., the gills of fishes.] (Zo.l.) A group of annelids, so
called because the species composing it have no special
organs of respiration.
AObran6chiOate (#), a. (Zo.l.) Without gills.
AbOrase6 (#), a. [L. abrasus, p. p. of abradere. See
Abrade.] Rubbed smooth. [Obs.] =An abrase table.8
B. Jonson.
AbOra6sion (#), n. [L. abrasio, fr. abradere. See Abrade.]
1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing
away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins.
2. The substance rubbed off.
3. (Med.) A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance
under the form of small shreds.
AbOra6sive (#), a. Producing abrasion.
AObraum6 or AObraum6 salts (#), n. [Ger., fr. abr.umen to
remove.] A red ocher used to darken mahogany and for making
chloride of potassium.
X AObrax6as (#), n. [A name adopted by the Egyptian Gnostic
Basilides, containing the Greek letters , , , ,
essening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of
pleasures or of expenses.
2. An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or
abridged form; an abbreviation.
Ancient coins as abridgments of history.
3. That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an
entertainment that makes the time pass quickly. [Obs.]
What abridgment have you for this evening? What mask? What
Syn. P Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome, Abstract, Synopsis.
An abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts
of some larger work; as, an abridgment of a dictionary. A
compendium is a brief exhibition of a subject, or science,
for common use; as, a compendium of American literature. An
epitome corresponds to a compendium, and gives briefly the
most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of
history. An abstract is a brief statement of a thing in its
main points. A synopsis is a bird'sPeye view of a subject,
or work, in its several parts.
AObroach6 (#), v. t. [OE. abrochen, OF. abrochier. See
Broach.] To set abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach;
to tap. [Obs.]
AObroach6, adv. [Pref. aO + broach.] 1. Broached; in a
condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a cask
which is tapped.
Hogsheads of ale were set abroach.
Sir W. Scott.
2. Hence: In a state to be diffused or propagated; afoot;
astir. =Mischiefs that I set abroach.8
AObroad6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + broad.] 1. At large; widely;
broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads its branches
The fox roams far abroad.
2. Without a certain confine; outside the house; away from
one's abode; as, to walk abroad.
I went to St. James', where another was preaching in the
court abroad.
3. Beyond the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as,
we have broils at home and enemies abroad. =Another
prince... was living abroad.8
4. Before the public at large; throughout society or the 
world; here and there; widely.
He went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze
abroad the matter.
Mark i. 45.
To be abroad. (a) To be wide of the mark; to be at fault;
as, you are all abroad in your guess. (b) To be at a loss or
Ab6roOgaOble (#), a. Capable of being abrogated.
Ab6roOgate (#), a. [L. abrogatus, p. p.] Abrogated;
abolished. [Obs. or R.]
Ab6roOgate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abrogated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Abrogating.] [L. abrogatus, p. p. of abrogare; ab +
rogare to ask, require, propose. See Rogation.] 1. To annul
by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the
maker or his successor; to repeal; P applied to the repeal
of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
Let us see whether the New Testament abrogates what we so
frequently see in the Old.
Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persian, they can
not alter or abrogate.
2. To put an end to; to do away with.
Syn. P To abolish; annul; do away; set aside; revoke;
repeal; cancel; annihilate. See Abolish.
Ab7roOga6tion (#), n. [L. abrogatio, fr. abrogare: cf. F.
abrogation.] The act of abrogating; repeal by authority.
Ab6roOgaOtive (#), a. Tending or designed to abrogate; as,
an abrogative law.
Ab6roOga7tor (#), n. One who repeals by authority.
AObrood6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + brood.] In the act of
brooding. [Obs.]
Abp. Sancroft.
AObrook6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + brook, v.] To brook; to
endure. [Obs.]
AbOrupt6 (#), a. [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break
off; ab + rumpere to break. See Rupture.] 1. Broken off;
very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks;
precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places. =Tumbling through
ricks abrupt,8
2. Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden;
hasty; unceremonious. =The cause of your abrupt departure.8
3. Having sudden transitions from one subject to another;
The abrupt style, which hath many breaches.
B. Jonson.

4. (Bot.) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off.
Syn. P Sudden; unexpected; hasty; rough; curt;
unceremonious; rugged; blunt; disconnected; broken.
AbOrupt6 (#), n. [L. abruptum.] An abrupt place. [Poetic]
=Over the vast abrupt.8 
AbOrupt6, v. t. To tear off or asunder. [Obs.] =Till death
abrupts them.8
Sir T. Browne.
AbOrup6tion (#), n. [L. abruptio, fr. abrumpere: cf. F.
abruption.] A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of
AbOrupt6ly, adv. 1. In an abrupt manner; without giving
notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly.
2. Precipitously.
Abruptly pinnate (Bot.), pinnate without an odd leaflet, or
other appendage, at the end.
AbOrupt6ness, n. 1. The state of being abrupt or broken;
craggedness; ruggedness; steepness.
2. Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as,
abruptness of style or manner.
Ab6scess (#), n.; pl. Abscesses (#). [L. abscessus a going
away, gathering of humors, abscess, fr. abscessus, p. p. of
absedere to go away; ab, abs + cedere to go off, retire. See
Cede.] (Med.) A collection of pus or purulent matter in any
tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process.
Cold abscess, an abscess of slow formation, unattended with
the pain and heat characteristic of ordinary abscesses, and
lasting for years without exhibiting any tendency towards
healing; a chronic abscess.
AbOsces6sion (#), n. [L. abscessio a separation; fr.
absedere. See Abscess.] A separating; removal; also, an
abscess. [Obs.]
Gauden. Barrough.
AbOscind6 (#), v. t. [L. absindere; ab + scindere to rend,
cut. See Schism.] To cut off. [R.] =Two syllables...
abscinded from the rest.8
AbOsci6sion (#), n. [L. abscisio.] See Abscission.
Ab6sciss (#), n.; pl. Abscisses (#). See Abscissa.
AbOscis6sa (#), n.; E. pl. Abscissas, L. pl. Absciss.. [L.,
fem. of abscissus, p. p. of absindere to cut of. See
Abscind.] (Geom.) One of the elements of reference by which
a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed
rectilineal co.rdinate axes. When referred to two
intersecting axes, one of them called the axis of abscissas,
or of X, and the other the axis of ordinates, or of Y, the
abscissa of the point is the distance cut off from the axis
of X by a line drawn through it and parallel to the axis of
Y. When a point in space is referred to three axes having a
common intersection, the abscissa may be the distance
measured parallel to either of them, from the point to the
plane of the other two axes. Abscissas and ordinates taken
together are called co.rdinates. P OX or PY is the abscissa
of the point P of the curve, OY or PX its ordinate, the
intersecting lines OX and OY being the axes of abscissas and
ordinates respectively, and the point O their origin.
AbOscis6sion (#), n. [L. abscissio. See Abscind.] 1. The act
or process of cutting off. =Not to be cured without the
abscission of a member.8
Jer. Taylor.
2. The state of being cut off.
Sir T. Browne.
3. (Rhet.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having
begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, =He is a man of
so much honor and candor, and of such generosity P but I
need say no more.8
AbOscond6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Absconded; p. pr. & vb.
n. Absconding.] [L. abscondere to hide; ab, abs + condere to
lay up; con + d?re (only in comp.) to put. Cf. Do.] 1. To
hide, withdraw, or be concealed.
The marmot absconds all winter.
2. To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's
self; P used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a
legal process; as, an absconding debtor.
That very homesickness which, in regular armies, drives so
many recruits to abscond.
AbOscond6, v. t. To hide; to conceal. [Obs.]
AbOscond6ence (#), n. Fugitive concealment; secret
retirement; hiding. [R.]
AbOscond6er (#), n. One who absconds.
Ab6sence (#), n. [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.] 1. A
state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from
companionship; P opposed to presence.
Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence.
Phil. ii. 12.
2. Want; destitution; withdrawal. =In the absence of
conventional law.8
3. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as,
absence of mind. 8Reflecting on the little absences and
distractions of mankind.8
To conquer that abstraction which is called absence.
Ab6sent (#), a. [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse
to be away from; ab + esse to be. Cf. Sooth.] 1. Being away
from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present.
=Expecting absent friends.8
2. Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or
3. Inattentive to what is passing; absentPminded;
preoccupied; as, an absent air.
What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a
very weak or a very affected man.
Syn. P Absent, Abstracted. These words both imply a want of
attention to surrounding objects. We speak of a man as
absent when his thoughts wander unconsciously from present
scenes or topics of discourse; we speak of him as abstracted
when his mind (usually for a brief period) is drawn off from
present things by some weighty matter for reflection.
Absence of mind is usually the result of loose habits of
thought; abstraction commonly arises either from engrossing
interests and cares, or from unfortunate habits of
AbOsent6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absented; p. pr. & vb. n.
Absenting.] [Cf. F. absenter.] 1. To take or withdraw (one's
self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; P used
with the reflexive pronoun.
If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be
2. To withhold from being present. [Obs.] =Go; for thy stay,
not free, absents thee more.8
Ab7senOta6neOous (#), a. [LL. absentaneus. See 
Absent.] Pertaining to absence. [Obs.]
Ab7senOta6tion (#), n. The act of absenting one's self.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Ab7senOtee6 (#), n. One who absents himself from his
country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who
lives in another country or district than that where his
estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee.
Ab7senOtee6ism (#), n. The state or practice of an absentee;
esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country
or district where one's estate is situated.
AbOsent6er (#), n. One who absents one's self.
Ab6sentOly (#), adv. In an absent or abstracted manner.
AbOsent6ment (#), n. The state of being absent; withdrawal.
Ab7sentPmind6ed (#), a. Absent in mind; abstracted;
preoccupied. P Ab7sentPmind6edOness, n. P
Ab7sentPmind6edOly, adv.
Ab6sentOness (#), n. The quality of being absentPminded.
H. Miller.
Ab6seyPbook7 (#), n. An APBPC book; a primer. [Obs.]
Ab6sin6thate (#), n. (Chem.) A combination of absinthic acid
with a base or positive radical.
Ab6sinth7, Ab6sinthe7 } (#), n. [F. absinthe. See
Absinthium.] 1. The plant absinthium or common wormwood.
2. A strong spirituous liqueur made from wormwood and brandy
or alcohol.
AbOsin6thiOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to wormwood;
AbOsin6thiOan (#), n. Of the nature of wormwood. =Absinthian
T. Randolph.
Ab6sin6thiOate (#), v. t. [From L. absinthium: cf. L.
absinthiatus, a.] To impregnate with wormwood.
AbOsin6thiOa7ted (#), a. Impregnated with wormwood; as,
absinthiated wine.
AbOsin6thic (#), a. (Chem.) Relating to the common wormwood
or to an acid obtained from it.
AbOsin6thin (#), n. (Chem.) The bitter principle of wormwood
(Artemisia absinthium).
Ab6sinOthism (#), n. The condition of being poisoned by the
excessive use of absinth.
AbOsin6thiOum (#), n. [L., from Gr. ?.] (Bot.) The common
wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant,
used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.
Ab6sis (#), n. See Apsis.
AbOsist6 (#), v. i. [L. absistere, p. pr. absistens; ab +
sistere to stand, causal of stare.] To stand apart from; top
leave off; to desist. [Obs.]
AbOsist6ence (#), n. A standing aloof. [Obs.]
Ab6soOlute (#), a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F.
absolu. See Absolve.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or
condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as,
absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute
promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
So absolute she seems,
And in herself complete.
3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
comparison with other objects; actual; real; P opposed to
relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time
or space.
Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a
state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights
and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social
4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
being; selfPexistent; selfPsufficing.
5 In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe,
or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations
in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as
dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its
mutually depending forces and their laws.
5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
unconditioned; nonPrelative.
5 It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can
be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing,
the recent philosophy of the absolute.
Sir W. Hamilton.
6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
I am absolute 't was very Cloten.
7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed.
Mrs. Browning.
8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane
of the curve. P Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the
optic and eccentric equations. P Absolute space (Physics),
space considered without relation to material limits or
objects. P Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or
which do not contain the unknown quantity. Davies & Peck. P
Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured
on a scale determined by certain general thermoPdynamic
principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero. P Absolute
zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale
of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to P2730
centigrade or P459,40 Fahrenheit.
Syn. P Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional;
unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic;
Ab6soOlute (#), n. (Geom.) In a plane, the two imaginary
circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions,
the imaginary circle at infinity.
Ab6soOluteOly, adv. In an absolute, independent, or
unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
Ab6soOluteOness, n. The quality of being absolute;
independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness;
absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.
Ab7soOlu6tion (#), n. [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr.
absolvere to absolve. See Absolve.] 1. An absolving, or
setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an
offense. =Government... granting absolution to the nation.8
2. (Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge
declaring and accused person innocent. [Obs.]
3. (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the
sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of
the truly penitent are forgiven.
5 In the English and other Protestant churches, this act
regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting
4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, P
for example, excommunication.
P. Cyc.
5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved.
6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
Absolution day (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter.
Ab6soOlu7tism (#), n. 1. The state of being absolute; the
system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or
practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.
The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling.
2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees.
Ab6soOlu7tist (#), n. 1. One who is in favor of an absolute
or autocratic government.
2. (Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize
a cognition or concept of the absolute.
Sir. W. Hamilton.
Ab6soOlu7tist, a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary;
despotic; as, absolutist principles.
Ab7soOluOtis6tic (#), a. Pertaining to absolutism;
AbOsol6uOtoOry (#), a. [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to
absolve.] Serving to absolve; absolving. =An absolutory
AbOsolv6aOble (#), a. That may be absolved.
AbOsolv6aOtoOry (#), a. Conferring absolution; absolutory.
AbOsolve6 (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Absolving.] [L. absolvere to set free, to absolve;
ab + solvere to loose. See Assoil, Solve.] 1. To set free,
or release, as from some obligation, debt, or
responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such
ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce
free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to
absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and
remission of his punishment.
Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen.
2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); P
said of the sin or guilt.
In his name I absolve your perjury.
3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.]
The work begun, how soon absolved.
4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] =We shall not absolve the
Sir T. Browne.
Syn. P To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as
absolved from something that binds his conscience, or
involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve from
allegiance or from the obligation of an oath, or a promise.
We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is released from
some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate from
suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies a
purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted,
when a decision has been made in his favor with reference to
a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested
persons; as, he was acquitted of all participation in the
AbOsolv6ent (#), a. [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.]
Absolving. [R.]
AbOsolv6ent, n. An absolver. [R.]
AbOsolv6er (#), n. One who absolves.
Ab6soOnant (#), a. [L. ab + sonans, p. pr. of sonare to
sound.] Discordant; contrary; P opposed to consonant.
=Absonant to nature.8
Ab6soOnous (#), a. [L. absonus; ab + sonus sound.]
Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous. [Obs.] =Absonous to
our reason.8
AbOsorb6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absorbed (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Absorbing.] [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin
to Gr. ?: cf. F. absorber.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to
overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to
use up; to include. =Dark oblivion soon absorbs them all.8
The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion.
W. Irving.
2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the
lacteals of the body.
3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as,
absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth.
4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular
action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and
electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into
which they pass.

p. 8

Syn. P To Absorb, Engross, Swallow up, Engulf. These words
agree in one general idea, that of completely taking up.
They are chiefly used in a figurative sense and may be
distinguished by a reference to their etymology. We speak of
a person as absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study
or some other employment of the highest interest. We speak
of a person as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in the gross, or
wholly) by something which occupies his whole time and
thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth, or the attainment of
honor. We speak of a person (under a stronger image) as
swallowed up and lost in that which completely occupies his
thoughts and feelings, as in grief at the death of a
friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a
person as engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all
his hopes and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin, etc. 
That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian
mind P the marriage of the clergy. 
Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage,
And sunk to softness all our tragic rage.
Should not the sad occasion swallow up
My other cares?
And in destruction's river
Engulf and swallow those.
Sir P. Sidney.
AbOsorb7aObil6iOty (#), n. The state or quality of being
Graham (Chemistry).
AbOsorb6aOble, a. [Cf. F. absorbable.] Capable of being
absorbed or swallowed up.
AbOsorb6edOly, adv. In a manner as if wholly engrossed or
AbOsorb6enOcy (#), n. Absorptiveness.
AbOsorb6ent (#), a. [L. absorbens, p. pr. of absorbere.]
Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive.
Absorbent ground (Paint.), a ground prepared for a picture,
chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the oil is
absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.
AbOsorb6ent, n. 1. Anything which absorbs.
The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat.
2. (Med.) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid
fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.;
also a substance (e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent
vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts. 
3. pl. (Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of
absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the
extremities of the roots in plants.
AbOsorb6er (#), n. One who, or that which, absorbs.
AbOsorb6ing, a. Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing
pursuit. P AbOsorb6ing, adv.
Ab7sorObi6tion (#), n. Absorption. [Obs.]
AbOsorpt7 (#), a. [L. absorptus, p. p.] Absorbed. [Archaic]
=Absorpt in care.8
AbOsorp6tion (#), n. [L. absorptio, fr. absorbere. See
Absorb.] 1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in
anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as,
the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a
smaller tribe into a larger.
2. (Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular
or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat,
electricity, etc.
3. (Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the
materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed
to the tissues and organs.
4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as,
absorption in some employment.
AbOsorp6tive (#), a. Having power, capacity, or tendency to
absorb or imbibe.
E. Darwin.
AbOsorp6tiveOness, n. The quality of being absorptive;
absorptive power.
Ab7sorpOtiv6iOty (#), n. Absorptiveness.
AbOsquat6uOlate (#), v. i. To take one's self off; to
decamp. [A jocular word. U. S.]
X Abs6que hoc (#). [L., without this.] (Law) The technical
words of denial used in traversing what has been alleged,
and is repeated.
AbOstain6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abstained (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Abstaining.] [OE. absteynen, abstenen, OF. astenir,
abstenir, F. abstenir, fr. L. abstinere, abstentum, v. t. &
v. i., to keep from; ab, abs + tenere to hold. See Tenable.]
To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily,
and especially from an indulgence of the passions or
appetites; P with from.
Not a few abstained from voting.
Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt?
Syn. P To refrain; forbear; withhold; deny one's self; give
up; relinquish.
AbOstain6, v. t. To hinder; to withhold.
Whether he abstain men from marrying.
AbOstain6er (#), n. One who abstains; esp., one who abstains
from the use of intoxicating liquors.
AbOste6miOous (#), a. [L. abstemius; ab, abs + root of
temetum intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig.
Latin sense.]
Under his special eye
Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain.
2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and
strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the
indulgence of the appetite or passions.
Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious.
3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as,
an abstemious diet.
4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious
life. =One abstemious day.8
5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.]
Such is the virtue of the abstemious well.
AbOste6miOousOly, adv. In a abstemious manner; temperately;
AbOste6miOousOness, n. The quality of being abstemious,
temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks.
It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.
AbOsten6tion (#), a. [F. See Abstain.] The act of
abstaining; a holding aloof.
Jer. Taylor.
AbOsten6tious (#), a. Characterized by abstinence;
AbOsterge (#), v. t. [L. abstergere, abstersum; ab, abs +
tergere to wipe. Cf. F absterger.] To make clean by wiping;
to wipe away; to cleanse; hence, to purge. [R.]
AbOster6gent (#), a. [L. abstergens, p. pr. of abstergere.]
Serving to cleanse, detergent.
AbOster6gent, n. A substance used in cleansing; a detergent;
as, soap is an abstergent.
AbOsterse6 (#), v. t. To absterge; to cleanse; to purge
away. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AbOster6sion (#), n. [F. abstersion. See Absterge.] Act of
wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging.
The task of ablution and abstersion being performed.
Sir W. Scott.
AbOster6sive (#), a. [Cf. F. abstersif. See Absterge.]
Cleansing; purging.
AbOster6sive, n. Something cleansing.
The strong abstersive of some heroic magistrate.
AbOster6siveOness, n. The quality of being abstersive.
Ab6stiOnence (#), n. [F. abstinence, L. abstinentia, fr.
abstinere. See Abstain.] 1. The act or practice of
abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially
the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from
customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities.
Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating
beverages, P called also total abstinence.
The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is
a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one.
2. The practice of selfOdenial by depriving one's self of
certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.
Penance, fasts, and abstinence,
To punish bodies for the soul's offense.
Ab6stiOnenOcy (#), n. Abstinence. [R.]
Ab6stiOnent (#), a. [F. abstinent, L. abstinens, p. pr. of
abstinere. See Abstain.] Refraining from indulgence,
especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious;
continent; temperate.
Beau. & Fl. 
Ab6stiOnent, n. 1. One who abstains.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect who appeared in France and
Spain in the 3d century.
Ab6stiOnentOly, adv. With abstinence.
AbOstort6ed (#), a. [As if fr. abstort, fr. L. ab, abs +
tortus, p. p. of torquere to twist.] Wrested away. [Obs.]
Ab6stract7 (#; 277), a. [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere
to draw from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See
Trace.] 1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.]
The more abstract... we are from the body.
2. Considered apart from any application to a particular
object; separated from matter; exiting in the mind only; as,
abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse;
3. (Logic) (a) Expressing a particular property of an object
viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it;
P opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. J.
S. Mill. (b) Resulting from the mental faculty of
abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, =reptile8
is an abstract or general name.
A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an
abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A
practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not
introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example,
of applying the expression =abstract name8 to all names
which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and
consequently to all general names, instead of confining it
to the names of attributes.
J. S. Mill.
4. Abstracted; absent in mind. =Abstract, as in a trance.8
An abstract idea (Metaph.), an idea separated from a complex
object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as
the solidity of marble when contemplated apart from its
color or figure. P Abstract terms, those which express
abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without
regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms
are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in
which there is a combination of similar qualities. P
Abstract numbers (Math.), numbers used without application
to things, as 6, 8, 10; but when applied to any thing, as 6
feet, 10 men, they become concrete. P Abstract or Pure
mathematics. See Mathematics.
AbOstract6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Abstracting.] [See Abstract, a.]
1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away.
He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution
abstracted from his own prejudices.
Sir W. Scott.
2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his
was wholly abstracted by other objects.
The young stranger had been abstracted and silent.
Blackw. Mag.
3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to
consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality
or attribute.
4. To epitomize; to abridge.
5. To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to
abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearingPreins from the
W. Black.
6. (Chem.) To separate, as the more volatile or soluble
parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical
processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.
AbOstract6, v. t. To perform the process of abstraction.
I own myself able to abstract in one sense.
Ab6stract7 (#), n. [See Abstract, a.] 1. That which
comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities
of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A
summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a
statement; a brief.
An abstract of every treatise he had read.
Man, the abstract
Of all perfection, which the workmanship
Of Heaven hath modeled.
2. A state of separation from other things; as, to consider
a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated
3. An abstract term.
The concretes =father8 and =son8 have, or might have, the
abstracts =paternity8 and =filiety.8
J. S. Mill.
4. (Med.) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance
mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of
the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
Abstract of title (Law), an epitome of the evidences of
Syn. P Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See
AbOstract6ed (#), a. 1. Separated or disconnected;
withdrawn; removed; apart.
The evil abstracted stood from his own evil.
2. Separated from matter; abstract; ideal. [Obs.]
3. Abstract; abstruse; difficult. [Obs.]
4. Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind. =An
abstracted scholar.8
AbOstract6edOly, adv. In an abstracted manner; separately;
with absence of mind.
AbOstract6edOness, n. The state of being abstracted;
abstract character.
AbOstract6er (#), n. One who abstracts, or makes an
AbOstrac6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. abstraction. See Abstract, a.]
1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or
the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.
A wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the
J. S. Mill.
2. (Metaph.) The act process of leaving out of consideration
one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend
to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form
of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate
from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction.
So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue,
existence, as separate from any particular objects.
5 Abstraction is necessary to classification, by which
things are arranged in genera and species. We separate in
idea the qualities of certain objects, which are of the same
kind, from others which are different, in each, and arrange
the objects having the same properties in a class, or
collected body. 
Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of
Sir W. Hamilton.
3. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature;
as, to fight for mere abstractions.
4. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a
hermit's abstraction.
5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present
6. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the
property of another; purloining. [Modern]
7. (Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of
AbOstrac6tionOal (#), a. Pertaining to abstraction. 
AbOstrac6tionOist, n. An idealist.
Ab7stracOti6tious (#), a. Obtained from plants by
distillation. [Obs.]
AbOstrac6tive (#), a. [Cf. F. abstractif.] Having the power
of abstracting; of an abstracting nature. =The abstractive
I. Taylor.
AbOstrac6tiveOly, adv. In a abstract manner; separately; in
or by itself.
AbOstrac6tiveOness, n. The quality of being abstractive;
abstractive property.
Ab6stract7ly (#; 277), adv. In an abstract state or manner;
separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly
Ab6stract7ness, n. The quality of being abstract. =The
abstractness of the ideas.8
AbOstringe6 (#), v. t. [L ab + stringere, strictum, to press
together.] To unbind. [Obs.]
AbOstrude6 (#), v. t. [L. abstrudere. See Abstruse.] To
thrust away. [Obs.]
AbOstruse6 (#), a. [L. abstrusus, p. p. of abstrudere to
thrust away, conceal; ab, abs + trudere to thrust; cf. F.
abstrus. See Threat.] 1. Concealed or hidden out of the way.
The eternal eye whose sight discerns
Abstrusest thoughts.
2. Remote from apprehension; difficult to be comprehended or
understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning.
Profound and abstruse topics.
AbOstruse6ly, adv. In an abstruse manner.
AbOstruse6ness, n. The quality of being abstruse; difficulty
of apprehension.
AbOstru6sion (#), n. [L. abstrusio. See Abstruse.] The act
of thrusting away. [R.] 
AbOstru6siOty (#), n. Abstruseness; that which is abstruse.
Sir T. Browne.
AbOsume6 (#), v. t. [L. absumere, absumptum; ab + sumere to
take.] To consume gradually; to waste away. [Obs.]
AbOsump6tion (#; 215), n. [L. absumptio. See Absume.] Act of
wasting away; a consuming; extinction. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AbOsurd6 (#), a. [L. absurdus harshPsounding; ab + (prob) a
derivative fr. a root svar to sound; not connected with
surd: cf. F. absurde. See Syringe.] Contrary to reason or
propriety; obviously and fiatly opposed to manifest truth;
inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense;
logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an
absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream. 
This proffer is absurd and reasonless.
'This phrase absurd to call a villain great.

p. 9

Syn. P Foolish; irrational; ridiculous; preposterous;
inconsistent; incongruous. P Absurd, Irrational, Foolish,
Preposterous. Of these terms, irrational is the weakest,
denoting that which is plainly inconsistent with the
dictates of sound reason; as, an irrational course of life.
Foolish rises higher, and implies either a perversion of
that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of mind;
as, foolish enterprises. Absurd rises still higher, denoting
that which is plainly opposed to received notions of
propriety and truth; as, an absurd man, project, opinion,
story, argument, etc. Preposterous rises still higher, and
supposes an absolute inversion in the order of things; or,
in plain terms, a =putting of the cart before the horse;8
as, a preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a
preposterous regulation or law. 
AbOsurd6 (#), n. An absurdity. [Obs.]
AbOsurd6iOty (#), n.; pl. Absurdities (#). [L. absurditas:
cf. F. absurdite.] 1. The quality of being absurd or
inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment.
=The absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number.8
2. That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical
His travels were full of absurdities.
AbOsurd6ly, adv. In an absurd manner.
AbOsurd6ness, n. Absurdity. [R.]
X AObu6na (#), n. [Eth. and Ar., our father.] The Patriarch,
or head of the Abyssinian Church.
AObun6dance (#), n. [OE. (h)abudaunce, abundance, F.
abundance, F. abondance, L. abundantia, fr. abundare. See
Abound.] An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great
plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: P
strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of
It is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood
hath been shed with small benefit to the Christian state.
Syn. P Exuberance; plenteousness; plenty; copiousness;
overflow; riches; affluence; wealth. P Abundance, Plenty,
Exuberance. These words rise upon each other in expressing
the idea of fullness. Plenty denotes a sufficiency to supply
every want; as, plenty of food, plenty of money, etc.
Abundance express more, and gives the idea of superfluity or
excess; as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit and
humor; often, however, it only denotes plenty in a high
degree. Exuberance rises still higher, and implies a
bursting forth on every side, producing great superfluity or
redundance; as, an exuberance of mirth, an exuberance of
animal spirits, etc.
AObun6dant (#), a. [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant,
fr. L. abudans, p. pr. of abundare. See Abound.] Fully
sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; P followed by in,
rarely by with. =Abundant in goodness and truth.8
Exod. xxxiv. 6.
Abundant number (Math.), a number, the sum of whose aliquot
parts exceeds the number itself. Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the
aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This is opposed to
a deficient number, as 14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2, 7,
the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is
equal to the sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot
parts are 1, 2., 3.
Syn. P Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant;
overflowing; rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal. See
AObun6dantOly, adv. In a sufficient degree; fully; amply;
plentifully; in large measure.
AOburst6 (#), adv. [Pref. aP + burst.] In a bursting
AObus6aOble (#), a. That may be abused.
AObus6age (#), n. Abuse. [Obs.]
Whately (1634). 
AObuse6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Abusing.] [F. abuser; L. abusus, p. p. of abuti to abuse,
misuse; ab + uti to use. See Use.] 1. To put to a wrong use;
to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a
wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited
gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's
This principle (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly
into popularity.
2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish
or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to
abuse one's powers, one's patience.
3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.
The... tellers of news abused the general.
4. To dishonor. =Shall flight abuse your name?8
5. To violate; to ravish.
6. To deceive; to impose on. [Obs.]
Their eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud, and
abused by a double object.
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To maltreat; injure; revile; reproach; vilify;
vituperate; asperse; traduce; malign.
AObuse6 (#), n. [F. abus, L. abusus, fr. abuti. See Abuse,
v. t.] 1. Improper treatment or use; application to a wrong
or bad purpose; misuse; as, an abuse of our natural powers;
an abuse of civil rights, or of privileges or advantages; an
abuse of language.
Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty, as well
as by the abuses of power.
2. Physical ill treatment; injury. =Rejoice... at the abuse
of Falstaff.8
3. A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as,
the abuses in the civil service.
Abuse after disappeared without a struggle..
4. Vituperative words; coarse, insulting speech; abusive
language; virulent condemnation; reviling.
The two parties, after exchanging a good deal of abuse, came
to blows.
5. Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child. [Obs.]
Or is it some abuse, and no such thing?
Abuse of distress (Law), a wrongful using of an animal or
chattel distrained, by the distrainer.
Syn. P Invective; contumely; reproach; scurrility; insult;
opprobrium. P Abuse, Invective. Abuse is generally prompted
by anger, and vented in harsh and unseemly words. It is more
personal and coarse than invective. Abuse generally takes
place in private quarrels; invective in writing or public
discussions. Invective may be conveyed in refined language
and dictated by indignation against what is blameworthy.
C. J. Smith. 
AObuse6ful (#), a. Full of abuse; abusive. [R.] =Abuseful
Bp. Barlow.
AObus6er (#), n. One who abuses [ in the various senses of
the verb].
AObu6sion (#), n. [OE. abusion, abusioun, OF. abusion, fr.
L. abusio misuse of words, f. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] Evil
or corrupt usage; abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat.
AObu6sive (#), a. [Cf. F. abusif, fr. L. abusivus.] 1.
Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied.
I am... necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly,
according to the abusive acceptation thereof.
2. Given to misusing; also, full of abuses. [Archaic] =The
abusive prerogatives of his see.8
3. Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting
words or by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an
abusive fellow.
4. Containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse;
vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. =An abusive lampoon.8
5. Tending to deceive; fraudulent; cheating. [Obs.] =An
abusive treaty.8
Syn. P Reproachful; scurrilous; opprobrious; insolent;
insulting; injurious; offensive; reviling.
AObu6siveOly, adv. In an abusive manner; rudely; with
abusive language.
AObu6siveOness, n. The quality of being abusive; rudeness of
language, or violence to the person.
Pick out mirth, like stones out of thy ground,
Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness.
AObut6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abutted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Abutting.] [OF. abouter, aboter; cf. F. aboutir, and also
abuter; a (L. ad) + OF. boter, buter, to push: cf. F. bout
end, and but end, purpose.] To project; to terminate or
border; to be contiguous; to meet; P with on, upon, or
against; as, his land abuts on the road.
AObu6tiOlon (#), n. [Ar. aub?tFl?n.] (Bot.) A genus of
malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and
temperate zones of both continents; P called also Indian
AObut6ment (#), n. 1. State of abutting.
2. That on or against which a body abuts or presses; as (a)
(Arch.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which
receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault,
or strut. Gwilt. (b) (mech.) A fixed point or surface from
which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder
head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc. (c) In
breechPloading firearms, the block behind the barrel which
receives the pressure due to recoil.
AObut6tal (#), n. The butting or boundary of land,
particularly at the end; a headland.
AObut6ter (#), n. One who, or that which, abuts.
Specifically, the owner of a contiguous estate; as, the
abutters on a street or a river. 
AObuzz6 (#), a. [Pref. aO + buzz.] In a buzz; buzzing.
AOby6, AObye6 } (#), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Abought (#).]
[AS. >bycgan to pay for; pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO,
orig. meaning out) + bycgan to buy. See Buy, and cf. Abide.]
1. To pay for; to suffer for; to atone for; to make amends
for; to give satisfaction. [Obs.]
Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear.
2. To endure; to abide. [Obs.]
But nought that wanteth rest can long aby.
AObysm6 (#), n. [OF. abisme; F. abime, LL. abyssimus, a
superl. of L. abyssus; Gr. ?. See Abyss.] An abyss; a gulf.
=The abysm of hell.8
AObys6mal (#), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, an abyss;
bottomless; unending; profound.
Geology gives one the same abysmal extent of time that
astronomy does of space.
AObys6malOly, adv. To a fathomless depth; profoundly.
=Abysmally ignorant.8
G. Eliot.
AObyss6 (#), n. [L. abyssus a bottomless gulf, fr. Gr. ?
bottomless; ? priv. + ? depth, bottom.] 1. A bottomless or
unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep,
immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless
Ye powers and spirits of this nethermost abyss.
The throne is darkness, in the abyss of light.
2. Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.
The abysses of metaphysical theology.
In unfathomable abysses of disgrace.
3. (Her.) The center of an escutcheon.
5 This word, in its leading uses, is associated with the
cosmological notions of the Hebrews, having reference to a
supposed illimitable mass of waters from which our earth
sprung, and beneath whose profound depths the wicked were
Encyc. Brit.
AObyss6al (#), a. [Cf. Abysmal.] Belonging to, or
resembling, an abyss; unfathomable.
Abyssal zone (Phys. Geog.), one of the belts or zones into
which Sir E. Forbes divides the bottom of the sea in
describing its plants, animals, etc. It is the one furthest
from the shore, embracing all beyond one hundred fathoms
deep. Hence, abyssal animals, plants, etc.
Ab7ysOsin6iOan (#), a. Of or pertaining to Abyssinia.
Abyssinian gold, an alloy of 90.74 parts of copper and 8.33
parts of zink.
Ab7ysOsin6iOan, n. 1. A native of Abyssinia.
2. A member of the Abyssinian Church.
AOca6ciOa (#), n. (Antiq.) A roll or bag, filled with dust,
borne by Byzantine emperors, as a memento of mortality. It
is represented on medals. 
AOca6cia (#), n.; pl. E. Acacias (#), L. Acaci. (#). [L.
from Gr. ?; orig. the name of a thorny tree found in Egypt;
prob. fr. the root ak to be sharp. See Acute.] 1. A genus of
leguminous trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are
Australian or Polynesian, and have terete or vertically
compressed leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of
the much fewer species of America, Africa, etc. Very few are
found in temperate climates.
2. (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of
acacia; P called also gum acacia, and gum arabic.
Ac6aOcin, Ac6aOcine (#), n. Gum arabic.
Ac7aOdeme6 (#), n. [L. academia. See Academy.] An academy.
Ac7aOde6miOal (#), a. Academic. [R.]
Ac7aOde6miOan (#), n. A member of an academy, university, or
{ Ac7aOdem6ic (#), Ac7aOdem6icOal (#), } a. [L. academicus:
cf. F. acad.migue. See Academy.] 1. Belonging to the school
or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic sect or philosophy.
2. Belonging to an academy or other higher institution of
learning; scholarly; literary or classical, in distinction
from scientific. =Academic courses.8 Warburton. =Academical
study.8 Berkeley.
Ac7aOdem6ic, n. 1. One holding the philosophy of Socrates
and Plato; a Platonist.
2. A member of an academy, college, or university; an
Ac7aOdem7icOalOly, adv. In an academical manner.
Ac7aOdem6icOals (#), n. pl. The articles of dress prescribed
and worn at some colleges and universities.
Ac7aOdeOmi6cian (#; 277), n. [F. acad.micien. See Academy.]
1. A member of an academy, or society for promoting science,
art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal
Academy of arts.
2. A collegian. [R.]
Ac7aOdem6iOcism (#), n. 1. A tenet of the Academic
2. A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.
AOcad6eOmism (#), n. The doctrines of the Academic
philosophy. [Obs.]
AOcad6eOmist (#), n. [F. academiste.] 1. An Academic
2. An academician. [Obs. or R.]
AOcad6eOmy (#), n.; pl. Academies (#). [F. acad.mie, L.
academia. Cf. Academe.] 1. A garden or grove near Athens (so
named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers
held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of
philosophy of which Plato was head.
2. An institution for the study of higher learning; a
college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of
learning, holding a rank between a college and a common
3. A place of training; a school. =Academies of fanaticism.8
4. A society of learned men united for the advancement of
the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular
art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
5. A school or place of training in which some special art
is taught; as, the military academy at West Point; a riding
academy; the Academy of Music.
Academy figure (Paint.), a drawing usually half lifePsize,
in crayon or pencil, after a nude model.
AOca6diOan (#), a. Of or pertaining to Acadie, or Nova
Scotia. =Acadian farmers.8 Longfellow. P n. A native of
Acadian epoch (Geol.), an epoch at the beginning of the
American paleozoic time, and including the oldest American
rocks known to be fossiliferous. See Geology. P Acadian owl
(Zo.l.), a small North American owl (Nyctule Acadica); the
X Ac6aOjou (#), n. [F. See Cashew.] (Bot.) (a) The cashew
tree; also, its fruit. See Cashew. P (b) The mahogany tree;
also, its timber.
Ac6aOleph (#), Ac7aOle6phan (#) } n.; pl. Acalephs (#),
Acalephans (#). [See Acaleph..] (Zo.l.) One of the Acaleph..
X Ac7aOle6ph. (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ?, a nettle.] A
group of Coelenterata, including the Medus. or jellyfishes,
and hydroids; P so called from the stinging power they
possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
Ac7ale6phoid (#), a. [Acaleph + Ooid.] (Zo.l.) Belonging to
or resembling the Acaleph. or jellyfishes.
AOcal6yOcine (#), Ac7aOlys7iOnous (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?
calyx.] (Bot.) Without a calyx, or outer floral envelope.
AOcanth6 (#), n. Same as Acanthus.
X AOcan6tha (#), n. [Gr. ? thorn, fr. ? point. See Acute.]
1. (Bot.) A prickle.
2. (Zo.l.) A spine or prickly fin.
3. (Anat.) The vertebral column; the spinous process of a
Ac6anOtha6ceous (#), a. 1. Armed with prickles, as a plant.
2. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of
plants of which the acanthus is the type.

p. 10

AOcan6thine (#), a. [L. acanthinus, Gr. ?, thorny, fr. ?.
See Acanthus.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the plant
AOcan7thoOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ? thorn + ? fruit.] (Bot.)
Having the fruit covered with spines.
X AOcan7thoOceph6aOla (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a spine,
thorn + ? head.] (Zo.l.) A group of intestinal worms, having
the proboscis armed with recurved spines.
AOcan7thoOceph6aOlous (#), a. (Zo.l.) Having a spiny head,
as one of the Acanthocephala.
Ac7anOthoph6oOrous (#), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? spine + ? to bear.]
AOcan7thoOpo6diOous (#), a. [Gr. ? thorn + ?, ?, foot.]
(Bot.) Having spinous petioles.
X Ac7anOthop6terOi (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? thorn + ?
wing, fin.] (Zo.l.) A group of teleostean fishes having
spiny fins. See Acanthopterygh.
Ac7anOthop6terOous (#), a. [Gr. ? spine + ? wing.] 1.
(Zo.l.) SpinyPwinged.
2. (Zo.l.) Acanthopterygious.
Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOan (#), a. (Zo.l.) Belonging to the
order of fishes having spinose fins, as the perch. P n. A
spinyPfinned fish.
X Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOi (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? thorn +
? fin, dim. fr. ? wing.] (Zo.l.) An order of fishes having
some of the rays of the dorsal, ventral, and anal fins
unarticulated and spinelike, as the perch.
Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOous (#), a. (Zo.l.) Having fins in which
the rays are hard and spinelike; spinyPfinned.
AOcan6thus (#), n.; pl. E. Acanthuses (#), L. Acanthi (#).
[L., from Gr. ?. Cf. Acantha.]
1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the
south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear'sPbreech.
2. (Arch.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of
the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); P used in the capitals of
the Corinthian and Composite orders.
X A capOpel6la (#). [It. See Chapel.] (Mus.) (a) In church
or chapel style; P said of compositions sung in the old
church style, without instrumental accompaniment; as, a mass
a capella, i. e., a mass purely vocal. (b) A time
indication, equivalent to alla breve.
AOcap6suOlar (#), a. [Pref. aP not + capsular.] (Bot.)
Having no capsule.
AOcar6diOac (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? heart.] Without a
heart; as, an acardiac fetus.
AOcar6iOdan (#), n. [See Acarus.] (Zo.l.) One of a group of
arachnids, including the mites and ticks.
X Ac7aOri6na (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a mite.] (Zo.l.)
The group of Arachnida which includes the mites and ticks.
Many species are parasitic, and cause diseases like the itch
and mange.
Ac6aOrine (#), a. (Med.) Of or caused by acari or mites; as,
acarine diseases.
Ac6aOroid (#), a. [NL., acarus a mite + Poid.] (Zo.l.)
Shaped like or resembling a mite.
Ac7arOpel6lous (#), a. [Pref. aP not + carpel.] (Bot.)
Having no carpels.
AOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? fruit.] (Bot.) Not
producing fruit; unfruitful.
X Ac6aOrus (#), n.; pl. Acari (#). [NL., from Gr. ? the
cheese mite, tick.] (Zo.l.) A genus including many species
of small mites.
AOcat7aOlec6tic (#), a. [L. acatalecticus, Gr. ?, not
defective at the end; ? priv. + ? to cease.] (Pros.) Not
defective; complete; as, an acatalectic verse. P n. A verse
which has the complete number of feet and syllables.
AOcat6aOlep7sy (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? to seize,
comprehend.] Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine
held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human
knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to
AOcat7aOlep6tic (#), a. [Gr. ?.] Incapable of being
comprehended; incomprehensible.
AOca6ter (#), n. See Caterer. [Obs.]
AOcates6 (#), n. pl. See Cates. [Obs.]
AOcau6date (#), a. [Pref. aP not + eaudate.] Tailless.
Ac7auOles6cent (#), a. [Pref. aP not + caulescent.] (Bot.)
Having no stem or caulis, or only a very short one concealed
in the ground.
AOcau6line (#), a. [Pref. aP not + cauline.] (Bot.) Same as
AOcau6lose (#), AOcau6lous (#),} a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
stalk or L. caulis stalk. See Cole.] (Bot.) Same as
AcOca6diOan (#), a. [From the city Accad. See Gen. x. 10.]
Pertaining to a race supposed to have lived in Babylonia
before the Assyrian conquest. P AcOca6diOan, n., Ac6cad (#),
AcOcede6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acceded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acceding.] [L. accedere to approach, accede; ad + cedere to
move, yield: cf. F. acc.dere. See Cede.]
1. To approach; to come forward; P opposed to recede. [Obs.
or R.]
T. Gale.
2. To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain. 
Edward IV., who had acceded to the throne in the year 1461.
T. Warton.
If Frederick had acceded to the supreme power.
3. To become a party by associating one's self with others;
to give one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a
proposal or a view; as, he acceded to my request.
The treaty of Hanover in 1725 . . . to which the Dutch
afterwards acceded.
Syn. P To agree; assent; consent; comply; acquiesce; concur.
AcOced6ence (#), n. The act of acceding.
AcOced6er (#), n. One who accedes.
X AcOcel7erOan6do (#), a. [It.] (Mus.) Gradually
accelerating the movement.
AcOcel6erOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accelerated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accelerating.] [L. acceleratus, p. p. of
accelerare; ad + celerare to hasten; celer quick. See
Celerity.] 1. To cause to move faster; to quicken the motion
of; to add to the speed of; P opposed to retard.
2. To quicken the natural or ordinary progression or process
of; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant, the increase of
wealth, etc.
3. To hasten, as the occurence of an event; as, to
accelerate our departure. 
Accelerated motion (Mech.), motion with a continually
increasing velocity. P Accelerating force, the force which
causes accelerated motion.
Syn. P To hasten; expedite; quicken; dispatch; forward;
advance; further.
AcOcel7erOa6tion (#), n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F.
acc.l.ration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of
being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a
falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of
velocity; P opposed to retardation.
A period of social improvement, or of intellectual
advancement, contains within itself a principle of
I. Taylor.
(Astr. & Physics.) Acceleration of the moon, the increase of
the moon's mean motion in its orbit, in consequence of which
its period of revolution is now shorter than in ancient
times. P Acceleration and retardation of the tides. See
Priming of the tides, under Priming. P Diurnal acceleration
of the fixed stars, the amount by which their apparent
diurnal motion exceeds that of the sun, in consequence of
which they daily come to the meridian of any place about
three minutes fiftyPsix seconds of solar time earlier than
on the day preceding. P Acceleration of the planets, the
increasing velocity of their motion, in proceeding from the
apogee to the perigee of their orbits.
AcOcel6erOaOtive (#), a. Relating to acceleration; adding to
velocity; quickening.
AcOcel6erOa7tor (#), n. One who, or that which, accelerates.
Also as an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.
AcOcel6erOaOtoOry (#), a. Accelerative.
AcOcel6erOoOgraph (#), n. [Accelerate + Pgraph.] (Mil.) An
apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns,
AcOcel7erOom6eOter (#), n. [Accelerate + Pmeter.] An
apparatus for measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.
AcOcend6 (#), v. t. [L. accendere, accensum, to kindle; ad +
cand?re to kindle (only in compounds); rel. to cand re to be
white, to gleam. See Candle.] To set on fire; to kindle.
AcOcend7iObil6iOty (#), n. Capacity of being kindled, or of
becoming inflamed; inflammability.
AcOcend6iOble (#), a. Capable of being inflamed or kindled;
combustible; inflammable. 
AcOcen6sion (#), n. The act of kindling or the state of
being kindled; ignition.
AcOcen6sor (#), n. [LL., from p. p. accensus. See Accend.]
(R. C. Ch.) One of the functionaries who light and trim the
Ac6cent7 (#), n. [F. accent, L. accentus; ad + cantus a
singing, canere to sing. See Cant.] 1. A superior force of
voice or of articulative effort upon some particular
syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the
5 Many English words have two accents, the primary and the
secondary; the primary being uttered with a greater stress
of voice than the secondary; as in as7pira6tion, where the
chief stress is on the third syllable, and a slighter stress
on the first. Some words, as an7tiap7oOplec6tic,
inOcom7preOhen7siObil6iOty, have two secondary accents. See
Guide to Pron., ?? 30P46.
2. A mark or character used in writing, and serving to
regulate the pronunciation; esp.: (a) a mark to indicate the
nature and place of the spoken accent; (b) a mark to
indicate the quality of sound of the vowel marked; as, the
French accents.
5 In the ancient Greek the acute accent (7) meant a raised
tone or pitch, the grave (?), the level tone or simply the
negation of accent, the circumflex ( ? or ?) a tone raised
and then depressed. In works on elocution, the first is
often used to denote the rising inflection of the voice; the
second, the falling inflection; and the third (^), the
compound or waving inflection. In dictionaries, spelling
books, and the like, the acute accent is used to designate
the syllable which receives the chief stress of voice.
3. Modulation of the voice in speaking; manner of speaking
or pronouncing; peculiar or characteristic modification of
the voice; tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German
accent. =Beguiled you in a plain accent.8 Shak. =A perfect
accent.8 Thackeray.
The tender accent of a woman's cry.
4. A word; a significant tone; (pl.) expressions in general;
Winds! on your wings to Heaven her accents bear,
Such words as Heaven alone is fit to hear.
5. (Pros.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.
6. (Mus.) (a) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to
mark the beginning, and, more feebly, the third part of the
measure. (b) A special emphasis of a tone, even in the
weaker part of the measure. (c) The rythmical accent, which
marks phrases and sections of a period. (d) The expressive
emphasis and shading of a passage.
J. S. Dwight.
7. (Math.) (a) A mark placed at the right hand of a letter,
and a little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a
similar kind expressed by the same letter, but differing in
value, as y7,y77. (b) (Trigon.) A mark at the right hand of
a number, indicating minutes of a degree, seconds, etc.; as,
1272777, i. e., twelve minutes twenty seven seconds. (c)
(Engin.) A mark used to denote feet and inches; as, 671077
is six feet ten inches.
AcOcent6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accented; p. pr. & vb. n.
Accenting.] [OF. accenter, F. accentuer.]
1. To express the accent of (either by the voice or by a
mark); to utter or to mark with accent.
2. To mark emphatically; to emphasize.
Ac6cent7less (#), a. Without accent.
AcOcen6tor (#), n. [L. ad. + cantor singer, canere to sing.]
1. (Mus.) One who sings the leading part; the director or
leader. [Obs.]
2. (Zo.l.) A genus of European birds (so named from their
sweet notes), including the hedge warbler. In America
sometimes applied to the water thrushes.
AcOcen6tuOaOble (#), a. Capable of being accented.
AcOcen6tuOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to accent;
characterized or formed by accent.
AcOcen7tuOal6iOty (#), n. The quality of being accentual.
AcOcen6tuOalOly (#), adv. In an accentual manner; in
accordance with accent.
AcOcen6tuOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accentuated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accentuating.] [LL. accentuatus, p. p. of
accentuare, fr. L. accentus: cf. F. accentuer.] 1. To
pronounce with an accent or with accents.
2. To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.
In Bosnia, the struggle between East and West was even more
London Times.
3. To mark with the written accent.
AcOcen7tuOa6tion (#), n. [LL. accentuatio: cf. F.
accentuation.] Act of accentuating; applications of accent.
Specifically (Eccles. Mus.), pitch or modulation of the
voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.
AcOcept6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accepted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Accepting.] [F. accepter, L. acceptare, freq. of accipere;
ad + capere to take; akin to E. heave.]
1. To receive with a consenting mind (something offered);
as, to accept a gift; P often followed by of.
If you accept them, then their worth is great.
To accept of ransom for my son.
She accepted of a treat.
2. To receive with favor; to approve.
The Lord accept thy burnt sacrifice.
Ps. xx. 3.
Peradventure he will accept of me.
Gen. xxxii. 20.
3. To receive or admit and agree to; to assent to; as, I
accept your proposal, amendment, or excuse.
4. To take by the mind; to understand; as, How are these
words to be accepted?
5. (Com.) To receive as obligatory and promise to pay; as,
to accept a bill of exchange.
6. In a deliberate body, to receive in acquittance of a duty
imposed; as, to accept the report of a committee. [This
makes it the property of the body, and the question is then
on its adoption.]
To accept a bill (Law), to agree (on the part of the drawee)
to pay it when due. P To accept service (Law), to agree that
a writ or process shall be considered as regularly served,
when it has not been. P To accept the person (Eccl.), to
show favoritism. =God accepteth no man's person.8
Syn. P To receive; take; admit. See Receive.
AcOcept6, a. Accepted. [Obs.]
AcOcept7aObil6iOty (#), n. [LL. acceptabilitas.] The quality
of being acceptable; acceptableness. =Acceptability of
Jer. Taylor.
AcOcept6aOble (#), a. [F. acceptable, L. acceptabilis, fr.
acceptare.] Capable, worthy, or sure of being accepted or
received with pleasure; pleasing to a receiver; gratifying;
agreeable; welcome; as, an acceptable present, one
acceptable to us.
AcOcept6aObleOness (#), n. The quality of being acceptable,
or suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.
AcOcept6aObly, adv. In an acceptable manner; in a manner to
please or give satisfaction.
AcOcept6ance (#), n. 1. The act of accepting; a receiving
what is offered, with approbation, satisfaction, or
acquiescence; esp., favorable reception; approval; as, the
acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.
They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar. 
Isa. lx. i.
2. State of being accepted; acceptableness. =Makes it
assured of acceptance.8
3. (Com.) (a) An assent and engagement by the person on whom
a bill of exchange is drawn, to pay it when due according to
the terms of the acceptance. (b) The bill itself when
4. An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is
concluded and the parties are bound; the reception or taking
of a thing bought as that for which it was bought, or as
that agreed to be delivered, or the taking possession as
5. (Law) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act
which binds the person in law.
5 What acts shall amount to such an acceptance is often a
question of great nicety and difficulty.
Mozley & W.

p. 11

5 In modern law, proposal and acceptance are the constituent
elements into which all contracts are resolved.
Acceptance of a bill of exchange, check, draft, or order, is
an engagement to pay it according, to the terms. This
engagement is usually made by writing the word =accepted8
across the face of the bill. Acceptance of goods, under the
statute of frauds, is an intelligent acceptance by a party
knowing the nature of the transaction.
6. Meaning; acceptation. [Obs.]
Acceptance of persons, partiality, favoritism. See under
AcOcept6anOcy (#), n. Acceptance. [R.]
Here's a proof of gift,
But here's no proof, sir, of acceptancy.
Mrs. Browning.
AcOcept6ant (#), a. Accepting; receiving.
AcOcept6ant, n. An accepter.
Ac7cepOta6tion (#), n. 1. Acceptance; reception; favorable
reception or regard; state of being acceptable. [Obs. or
This is saying worthy of all acceptation.
1 Tim. i. 15.
Some things... are notwithstanding of so great dignity and
acceptation with God.
2. The meaning in which a word or expression is understood,
or generally received; as, term is to be used according to
its usual acceptation.
My words, in common acceptation,
Could never give this provocation.
AcOcept6edOly (#), adv. In a accepted manner; admittedly.
AcOcept6er (#), n. 1. A person who accepts; a taker.
2. A respecter; a viewer with partiality. [Obs.]
God is no accepter of persons.
3. (Law) An acceptor.
AcOcep7tiOla6tion (#), n. [L. acceptilatio entry of a debt
collected, acquittance, fr. p. p. of accipere (cf. Accept) + 
latio a carrying, fr. latus, p. p. of ferre to carry: cf. F.
acceptilation.] (Civil Law) Gratuitous discharge; a release
from debt or obligation without payment; free remission. 
AcOcep6tion (#), n. [L. acceptio a receiving, accepting: cf.
F. acception.] Acceptation; the received meaning. [Obs.]
Here the word =baron8 is not to be taken in that restrictive
sense to which the modern acception hath confined it.
Acceptation of persons or faces (Eccl.), favoritism;
partiality. [Obs.]
AcOcept6ive (#), a. 1. Fit for acceptance.
2. Ready to accept. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
AcOcept6or (#; 277), n. [L.] One who accepts; specifically
(Law & Com.), one who accepts an order or a bill of
exchange; a drawee after he has accepted.
AcOcess6 (#; 277), n. [F. acc
s, L. accessus, fr. accedere.
See Accede.] 1. A coming to, or near approach; admittance;
admission; accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.
I did repel his letters, and denied
His access to me.
2. The means, place, or way by which a thing may be
approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of
land. =All access was thronged.8
3. Admission to sexual intercourse.
During coverture, access of the husband shall be presumed,
unless the contrary be shown.
4. Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of
territory. [In this sense accession is more generally used.]
I, from the influence of thy looks, receive
Access in every virtue.
5. An onset, attack, or fit of disease.
The first access looked like an apoplexy.
6. A paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access
of fury. [A Gallicism]
AcOces6saOriOly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessary.
AcOces6saOriOness, n. The state of being accessary.
AcOces6saOry (#; 277), a. Accompanying, as a subordinate;
additional; accessory; esp., uniting in, or contributing to,
a crime, but not as chief actor. See Accessory.
To both their deaths thou shalt be accessary.
Amongst many secondary and accessary causes that support
monarchy, these are not of least reckoning.
AcOces6saOry (277), n.; pl. Accessaries (#). [Cf. Accessory
and LL. accessarius.] (Law) One who, not being present,
contributes as an assistant or instigator to the commission
of an offense. 
Accessary before the fact (Law), one who commands or
counsels an offense, not being present at its commission. P
Accessary after the fact, one who, after an offense, assists
or shelters the offender, not being present at the
commission of the offense.
5 This word, as used in law, is spelt accessory by
Blackstone and many others; but in this sense is spelt 
accessary by Bouvier, Burrill, Burns, Whishaw, Dane, and the
Penny Cyclopedia; while in other senses it is spelt
accessory. In recent textPbooks on criminal law the
distinction is not preserved, the spelling being either
accessary or accessory.
AcOcess7iObil6iOty (#), n. [L. accessibilitas: cf. F.
accessibilit..] The quality of being accessible, or of
admitting approach; receptibility.
AcOcess6iOble (#), a. [L. accessibilis, fr. accedere: cf. F.
accessible. See Accede.] 1. Easy of access or approach;
approachable; as, an accessible town or mountain, an
accessible person.
2. Open to the influence of; P with to. =Minds accessible to
3. Obtainable; to be got at.
The best information... at present accessible.
AcOcess6iObly (#), adv. In an accessible manner.
AsOces6sion (#), n. [L. accessio, fr. accedere: cf. F.
accession. See Accede.] 1. A coming to; the act of acceding
and becoming joined; as, a king's accession to a
2. Increase by something added; that which is added;
augmentation from without; as, an accession of wealth or
The only accession which the Roman empire received was the 
province of Britain.
3. (Law) (a) A mode of acquiring property, by which the
owner of a corporeal substance which receives an addition
by growth, or by labor, has a right to the part or thing
added, or the improvement (provided the thing is not changed
into a different species). Thus, the owner of a cow becomes
the owner of her calf. (b) The act by which one power
becomes party to engagements already in force between other
4. The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or
dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; P applied
especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
5. (Med.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a
disease; a fit or paroxysm.
Syn. P Increase; addition; augmentation; enlargement.
AcOces6sionOal (#), a. Pertaining to accession; additional.
Sir T. Browne.
AcOces6sive (#), a. Additional.
Ac7cesOso6riOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to an accessory;
as, accessorial agency, accessorial guilt.
AcOces6soOriOly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessory;
AcOces6soOriOness, n. The state of being accessory, or
connected subordinately.
AcOces6soOry (#; 277), a. [L. accessorius. See Access, and
cf. Accessary.] Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a
secondary way; additional; connected as an incident or
subordinate to a principal; contributing or contributory;
said of persons and things, and, when of persons, usually in
a bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot; accessory
sounds in music.
5 Ash accents the antepenult; and this is not only more
regular, but preferable, on account of easiness of
pronunciation. Most orho pists place the accent on the first
Syn. P Accompanying; contributory; auxiliary; subsidiary;
subservient; additional; acceding.
AcOces6soOry, n.; pl. Accessories (#). 1. That which belongs
to something else deemed the principal; something additional
and subordinate. =The aspect and accessories of a den of
2. (Law) Same as Accessary, n.
3. (Fine Arts) Anything that enters into a work of art
without being indispensably necessary, as mere ornamental
Syn. P Abettor; accomplice; ally; coadjutor. See Abettor. 
X AcOciac7caOtu6ra (#), n. [It., from acciaccare to crush.]
(Mus.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to
which it is prefixed; P used especially in organ music. Now
used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.
Ac6ciOdence (#), n. [A corruption of Eng. accidents, pl. of
accident. See Accident, 2.] 1. The accidents, of inflections
of words; the rudiments of grammar.
2. The rudiments of any subject.
Ac6ciOdent (#), n. [F. accident, fr. L. accidens, Odentis,
p. pr. of accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See
Cadence, Case.] 1. Literally, a befalling; an event that
takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an
undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance;
contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence
of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a
mishap; as, to die by an accident.
Of moving accidents by flood and field.
Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident:
It is the very place God meant for thee.
2. (Gram.) A property attached to a word, but not essential
to it, as gender, number, case.
3. (Her.) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted
in a coat of arms.
4. (Log.) (a) A property or quality of a thing which is not
essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute. (b) A
quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as
sweetness, softness.
5. Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental
or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.
This accident, as I call it, of Athens being situated some
miles from the sea.
J. P. Mahaffy.
6. Unusual appearance or effect. [Obs.]
5 Accident, in Law, is equivalent to casus, or such
unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out
of the range of ordinary calculation.
Ac7ciOden6tal (#), a. [Cf. F. accidentel, earlier
accidental.] 1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking
place not according to the usual course of things; casual;
fortuitous; as, an accidental visit.
2. Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental; as,
are accidental to a play.
Accidental chords (Mus.), those which contain one or more
tones foreign to their proper harmony. P Accidental colors
(Opt.), colors depending on the hypersensibility of the
retina of the eye for complementary colors. They are purely
subjective sensations of color which often result from the
contemplation of actually colored bodies. P Accidental point
(Persp.), the point in which a right line, drawn from the
eye, parallel to a given right line, cuts the perspective
plane; so called to distinguish it from the principal point,
or point of view, where a line drawn from the eye
perpendicular to the perspective plane meets this plane. P
Accidental lights (Paint.), secondary lights; effects of
light other than ordinary daylight, such as the rays of the
sun darting through a cloud, or between the leaves of trees;
the effect of moonlight, candlelight, or burning bodies.
Syn. O Casual; fortuitous; contingent; occasional;
adventitious. P Accidental, Incidental, Casual, Fortuitous,
Contingent. We speak of a thing as accidental when it falls
out as by chance, and not in the regular course of things;
as, an accidental meeting, an accidental advantage, etc. We
call a thing incidental when it falls, as it were, into some
regular course of things, but is secondary, and forms no
essential part thereof; as, an incremental remark, an
incidental evil, an incidental benefit. We speak of a thing
as casual, when it falls out or happens, as it were, by mere
chance, without being prearranged or premeditated; as, a
casual remark or encounter; a casual observer. An idea of
the unimportant is attached to what is casual. Fortuitous is
applied to what occurs without any known cause, and in
opposition to what has been foreseen; as, a fortuitous
concourse of atoms. We call a thing contingent when it is
such that, considered in itself, it may or may not happen,
but is dependent for its existence on something else; as,
the time of my coming will be contingent on intelligence yet
to be received.
Ac7ciOden6tal (#), n. 1. A property which is not essential;
a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
He conceived it just that accidentals... should sink with
the substance of the accusation.
2. pl. (Paint.) Those fortuitous effects produced by
luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts
stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast
into a deep shadow.
3. (Mus.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the
commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but
before a particular note.
Ac7ciOden6talOism (#), n. Accidental character or effect.
Ac7ciOdenOtal6iOty (#), n. The quality of being accidental;
accidentalness. [R.]
Ac7ciOden6talOly (#), adv. In an accidental manner;
unexpectedly; by chance; unintentionally; casually;
fortuitously; not essentially.
Ac7ciOden6talOness, n. The quality of being accidental;
Ac6ciOdie (#), n. [OF. accide, accidie, LL. accidia, acedia,
fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? care.] Sloth; torpor. [Obs.] =The sin
of accidie.8
Ac7ciOpen6ser (#), n. See Acipenser.
AcOcip6iOent (#), n. [L. accipiens, p. pr. of accipere. See
Accept.] A receiver. [R.] 
X AcOcip6iOter (#), n.; pl. E. Accipiters (#). L. Accipitres
(#). [L., hawk.] 1. (Zo.l.) A genus of rapacious birds; one
of the Accipitres or Raptores.
2. (Surg.) A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the
claw of a hawk.
AcOcip6iOtral (#), n. Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a
falcon or hawk; hawklike.
X AcOcip6iOtres (#), n. pl. [L., hawks.] (Zo.l.) The order
that includes rapacious birds. They have a hooked bill, and
sharp, strongly curved talons. There are three families,
represented by the vultures, the falcons or hawks, and the
AcOcip6iOtrine (#; 277), a. [Cf. F. accipitrin.] (Zo.l.)
Like or belonging to the Accipitres; raptorial; hawklike.
X AcOcis6mus (#), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) Affected
refusal; coyness.
AcOcite6 (#), v. t. [L. accitus, p. p. of accire, accere, to
call for; ad + ciere to move, call. See Cite.] To cite; to
summon. [Obs.] 
Our heralds now accited all that were
Endamaged by the Elians.
AcOclaim6 (#), v. t. [L. acclamare; ad + clamare to cry out.
See Claim, Clamor.] [R.] 1. To applaud. =A glad acclaming
2. To declare by acclamations.
While the shouting crowd
Acclaims thee king of traitors.
3. To shout; as, to acclaim my joy.
AcOclaim6, v. i. To shout applause.
AcOclaim6, n. Acclamation. [Poetic]
AcOclaim6er (#), n. One who acclaims.
Ac7claOma6tion (#), n. [L. acclamatio: cf. F. acclamation.]
1. A shout of approbation, favor, or assent; eager
expression of approval; loud applause.
On such a day, a holiday having been voted by acclamation,
an ordinary walk would not satisfy the children.
2. (Antiq.) A representation, in sculpture or on medals, of
people expressing joy.
Acclamation medals are those on which laudatory acclamations
are recorded.
AcOclam6aOtoOry (#), a. Pertaining to, or expressing
approval by, acclamation.
AcOcli6maOtaOble (#), a. Capable of being acclimated.
AcOcli7maOta6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. acclimation. See
Acclimate.] Acclimatization.
AcOcli6mat? (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimated (#);
p. pr. & vb. n. Acclimating.] [F. acclimater; ? (l. ad) +
climat climate. See Climate.] To habituate to a climate not
native; to acclimatize.
J. H. Newman.
AcOcli6mateOment (#), n. Acclimation. [R.]
Ac7cliOma6tion (#), n. The process of becoming, or the state
of being, acclimated, or habituated to a new climate;
AcOcli6maOti7zaOble (#), a. Capable of being acclimatized.

p. 12

AcOcli6maOtiOza6tion (#), n. The act of acclimatizing; the
process of inuring to a new climate, or the state of being
so inured.
AcOcli6maOtize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimatized (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Acclimatizing (#).] To inure or habituate a
climate different from that which is natural; to adapt to
the peculiarities of a foreign or strange climate; said of
man, the inferior animals, or plants.
AcOcli6maOture (#; 135), n. The act of acclimating, or the
state of being acclimated. [R.]
AcOclive6 (#), a. Acclivous. [Obs.]
AcOcliff6iOtous (#), a. Acclivous.
I. Taylor.
AcOcliv6iOty, n.; pl. Acclivities (#). [L. acclivitas, fr.
acclivis, acclivus, ascending; ad + clivus a hill, slope,
fr. root kli to lean. See Lean.] A slope or inclination of
the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending,
in opposition to declivity, or descending; an upward slope;
AcOcli6vous (#; 277), a. [L. acclivis and acclivus.] Sloping
upward; rising as a hillside; P opposed to declivous.
AcOcloy6 (#), v. t. [OF. encloyer, encloer, F. enclouer, to
drive in a nail, fr. L. in + clavus nail.] To fill to
satiety; to stuff full; to clog; to overload; to burden. See
Cloy. [Obs.]
AcOcoast6 (#), v. t. & i. [See Accost, Coast.] To lie or
sail along the coast or side of; to accost. [Obs.]
Whether high towering or accosting low.
AcOcoil6 (#), v. t. [OE. acoillir to receive, F. accueillir;
L. ad + colligere to collect. See Coil.] 1. To gather
together; to collect. [Obs.]
2. (Naut.) To coil together.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Ac7coOlade6 (#; 277), n. [F. accolade, It. accolata, fr.
accollare to embrace; L. ad + collum neck.] 1. A ceremony
formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting am
embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat
blade of a sword.
2. (Mus.) A brace used to join two or more staves.
AcOcomObiOna6tion (#), n. [L. ad + E. combination.] A
combining together. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdaOble (#), a. [Cf. F. accommodable.] That may be
accommodated, fitted, or made to agree. [R.]
I. Watts.
AcOcom6moOdableOness, n. The quality or condition of being
accommodable. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accommodated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accommodating (#).] [L. accommodatus, p. p. of
accommodare; ad + commodare to make fit, help; conO + modus
measure, proportion. See Mode.] 1. To render fit, suitable,
or correspondent; to adapt; to conform; as, to accommodate
ourselves to circumstances. =They accomodate their counsels
to his inclination.8
2. To bring into agreement or harmony; to reconcile; to
compose; to adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate
differences, a dispute, etc.
3. To furnish with something desired, needed, or convenient;
to favor; to oblige; as, to accommodate a friend with a loan
or with lodgings.
4. To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by
analogy; to adapt or fit, as teachings to accidental
circumstances, statements to facts, etc.; as, to accommodate
prophecy to events.
Syn. P To suit; adapt; conform; adjust; arrange.
AcOcom6moOdate, v. i. To adapt one's self; to be conformable
or adapted. [R.]
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